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§3 Scientific Library |. 

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I UNITED STI\TES PATENT OFFICE 



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««V£nsiiKM rRIKIINO OFFICB 11 — 8625 



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CHICAGOi FEBRUARY 10. 1893. 



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THE AIRTITE DONLOP TIRE 



This tire is fitted exclvisively to UNION BICYCLES. 



It is the most expensive pneumatic made. 
It is mere child's play to remove and replace it. 
It is tough, Oh! so tough. 

It won't work off the rim should it become deflated when riding. 
No special tools are required to remove or replace it. 
No lacing used on the outer cover. 

No necessity of yanking the tube through the cover to remove 
or replace it. 

IN FACT, 
The tire is the essence of condensed simplicity and the acme of 
ingenuity. Even our competitors can find no weak points on it. 




UNION P D.Q. 



THIS IS THE TIRE WE FIT TO THE UNION P. D. Q. 

UNION CYCLE MFG. CO. 



166 & 170 Columbus Ave., BOSTON, MASS. 






you don t have to stop and wonder if it is 
really a member of the 



High Cjrrade 



class, for one glance at the finish and me- 
chanical constructioTT witl put your doubts 
to sleep. Think of the 

Talking Points 

on these machines, and they are not only 
talking points, but distinct points of ad- 
vantage. 

There is the 

Corrugated Hub, 

with the direct tangent spokes-f-no binding. ' 
The; . ' ., J , '... i 

Reinforcements 

at the principal joints, where the brazing is 
liable to have drawn the temper in the 
tubing. The 

Changeable Gear, 

giving the rider a high or low gear as occa- 
sion demands, without removing the wheels 
Also a 

Special Hollow Rim. 

Where can you find a machine superior? 
While we are talking, you will want some 

Medium Grades 

this season, and juvenile wheels. Remem- 
ber we are headquarters also for Sundries. 



Sterling Special 



27 LBS. 





THE BEARINGS. 



The Championships of France for 1892 



NO CEMENT USED. 




Were Won on Cycles Fitted with the 



Famous Michelin 



Pneumatic Tire 



POSITIVELY NO cREEPiNG. The NEW YORK BELTING & PACKING CO., Ltd., 15 Park Row, New 

York, are now making this tire with American improvements, styled " THE BURRiS-MICHELIN," and Champions 
of America and Europe are ordering their wheels for 1893 fitted with it. It is indisputedly the most resilient 
tire in the world, and the 

ONLY TIRE THAT DOES NOT ROCK IN THE RIM. 

The detachable Outer Cover is firmly bound and securely locked on the rim by a strong and simple device. 

The Air Chamber can be entirely removed from the tire in less than a minute, and as (juickly returned. 

Any good Cycle Repairer can fit the Burris-Michelin Rims on old spokes and hubs. 

Beware of tires that are held in the rims by inflation, or automatic fastenings — They endanger Life and Limb when speeding or 
coasting. 

The Cover of the Burris-Michelin cannot be removed from the rmi when the tire is deflated unless the bands which secure the cover 
to the rim are unlocked by removal of the nut which binds them in place. 

OUR WHIPPET 

Patent A|>]ilie(l For. 

Is made with an Endiess or Continuous Air Chamber, that there may be avoided the coming season, troubles which were so 
freijuently experienced last season by Cyclists who rode on but ed-end air chambers. 

THE OUTER COVER Is made with four openings on the inside of the tire, each ten inches in length, to permit withdrawal and 
repair of the Air Chamber at point of puncture. These apertures or pockets are closed with laces, and are formed with flaps folding over 
the laces in manner to protect the laces from contact with the rim-cement, and to prevent rim-cement working through the lace holes and 
causing damage to the air chamber. 

OUR ROADSTER WHIPPET 

Is as light as any tire of equal strength, of the class that is cemented in the rim. 

WEjGUARAN T EE IT WILL NOT BURST ON THE ROAD UNDER THE RIDER 

Purchasers of our Pneumatic Tires will be protected from all infringement claims of any kind or 
nature made by any one. 

New York Belting and Packing Co. 

(rvli:iiiteca.) 

MANUFACTURERS OF ALL CLASSES OF RUBBER GOODS. 

W. D, ALLEN 4 CO,, Western Agents. 15 PARK ROW, 



151 Lake Street, Chicago. "^hT^^"^?^^ '^tf^O'l^l^^ 

/ 



MENTION The Bearings 



THE BEARIKGS. 



ANOTHER GREAT TEST 



. . HAS PROVEN 



^ Simonds Balls 



. . TO BE THE . . . 



Best in the World. 



Read the Tollowinq Letter — 



Milwaukee, Wis., Jan. 21, 1893. 

SIMONDS ROLLING-MACHINE CO., 
FiTCHBURG, Mass. 

Gentlemen : — For the past three months we have been testing the different 
makes of balls and it gives us pleasure to inform you that the balls manufac- 
tured by you ruii tiuer to size and surface than any of the 
other makes. 

We have tested them with the ball testing machine made by us and ex- 
hibited at the Philadelphia Cycle Show, and can truly say they beat them 
alL Enclosed, please find order for balls enough for 1,500 machines, which 
will be about one-half the amount we shall need the coming season. 

Very truly yours, 

SERCOMBE-BOLTE MFG. CO. 



it 



THE BEARINGS 



MORGAN & WRIGHT 

PATENT PNEUMAT IC TIRES 

During the season of 1892 we offered a list of prizes for meritorious i)erformances on the road during the season of '92. The experiment 

succeeded beyond our expectations. During the present year a splendid list will be offered. This will be 

announced later. Prizes offered for the past season were as follows: 

FIRST PRI^E — ^'^^' Merchandise—To rider who rode the greatest distance on one set Morgan & Wright tires without damage 

■ ' to tires, or any material repairs. 

C^QQ^^ PRIZE — ^.■^'^' ^^''''^'«"'^'st' — To rider making the greatest number of centuries on one set Morgan iK: Wright 
w — tires. 

THIRD PRIZE 



■— t»i5- 



-To rider making most meritorious single ride, weather, condition of roads and distance considered. 
One set road tires to each second and third in above competition. 



THE PRIZES 



Have been awarded as follows by the judges, N. H. Van Sicklen, C. P. Root and L. J. Berger. 



FIRST COMPETITION. 

FIRST. 

H. E. Braytoii, of Pueblo, (Jol., rode a Phu-r.ix 
33 pound machine, a total distance of 3,400 miles 
during the sea' on, the tires giving him no trouble. 
He rode three centuries. The roads are very hill> 
and sandy. 

SKCOM>. 

John West, while training for iiis twenty-four 
hour ride in July, 1892, covered over 3,200 miles 
in the months of May, .June and July, not in- 
cluding hi.s track work. He had but one puncture, 
although much of the work was done over roads 
profuselj' sprinkled with sharp-edged rocks. 

THIRD. 

William K. Angleniire, of Rockford lUinoi ' 
sends in < ntry and speaks briefly of a sixteen- 
weeks' trip in the ea-t over stony and mountain- 
ous n ads and a season's riding over Illinois roads 
— all without puicture or trouble of any kind. 
His mount was an Ormonde, weighing 85 pounds. 
Mr. Anglemire rode 3,970 miles, all told, and is 
very naturally proud of his record, wheel and 
tires. 



SECOND COMPETITION. 

FIRST. 

Chicago, Dec. 20, 1892. 
Gentlhmen:— After riding twelve centuries on 
one set of your tires, besides much other riding, 
the tires are now in as good shape as when new. 
I had but one punc ure on the road and that from 
a tack In the century run mentioned in my entry 
the time was eleven and one-ha'f hours. The 
first forty-eight miles was made over fields and 
railroad ties, and the remaining miles in a pour- 
ing rain. The dates of my twe ve centuries are : 
June 4, July 30, August 17, 21. September 4, 11, 
18, Oct her 2, 4, 16, November 13, 20. 
Very truly yours, 

C. ARNOLD WESTCOTr, 
577 Orchard street. 

SECOND. 

Frank E. Kipfel, the Buttalo centurion, rode 
twenty nine centuries last seas n. After trying 
several other mak' s of tires, he finaMy settled 
upon the M. & W. The eight last centuries were 
ridden on M. & W. tires with most pleasing re- 
sults. His mount was a Buttalo Storcher. His 
eight last centuries were a^ follows: 

Oct. 1 — Leroy and return 100 miles. . 8:10 

'• 2— Dunkirk and leturn 20(i " . . 18 :10 

■' 10— Buttalo to Erie and ret... 100 " .10:40 

" 12— Leroy and return 100 " .. S:35 

" 13— " " 100 " .. 8:30 

" 15— " " 100 ". . 9:00 

" 22— " •■ 100 " .. 8:40 

Mr. Klipfel is 28 years of age, and weighs 140 
pounds. 



THIRD. 

John E Parker, 302 1-2 West Randolph street. 
Chicago, rode an Imperial last season. The 
« eight of the machine was 37 pounds, Mr. Par- 
ker's weight 175 to 195 pounds. Mr. Parker rode 
2.344 miles, recorded on his cyclometer, riding 
eight centuries. He had no trouble with his tires 
• xcept one small puncture and rupfure, caused 
Ijy running over a sharp-edged piece of iron. Both 
were easily mended so that both trips were 
finished. Eight centuries was as follows: 

July 17: Goshen to Hammond, Ind., 103 miles; 
roads tad, hily and rough. 

J' ly 31: Elgin and Aurcra, 100 miles; roads 
very bad. 

August?: Fox L>.ke, 112 1-2 miles; r. ads bad. 

August 21 : Elgin and Aurora; roads good. 

August 23: Lake Station Ind. to White Pigeon, 
Mich , 100 miles; roads sandy, hilly and rough. 

September 18: Elgin and Aurora; roads bad 
part w«y 

September 25: Elgin and Aurora; showers, roads 
heavy. 

October 2: Wheeling and Waukegan; roads 
heavy. 

Riding time averaged ten and one-half miles an 
hour. 

THIKD COMPETITION. 

F1R.ST. 

Winona, Minn.. Dec. 10, 1892. 
Gentlemen: — I enclose clipping from Cycle 
Items descriptive of my ride: 

FASTEST TUtE ON RECORD. 

'The Morgan & Wright pneumatic tire has 
proven itself entitled to the above title, since 
Johnson us d it on hi.* Ell ptic racer in his threat 
ride against time, making the mile in 1 :56 3-5. It 
has also shown itself in this locality to be one of 
the most desirable, as Will Codman (mounted on 
his 27 3-4 pound Elliptic, fitted with M. & W. 
racing tires) made the run to Rochester and re- 
turn, 118 miles, in eleven hours. Tie road, as all 
riders know who have been over it, is the rough- 
est one in the northwest, "being up and down hills, 
cove ed with small sharp rocks and full of ruts, 
giving a tire the severest kind of test.'' 

This lide was over no Elgin-Aurora course, 1 
can assure you. The time includts an hour and 
one-half spent in Rod ester and about hn hour 
flong the roid. From start to finisti my 
racing whee', fitted with your racing tires, re- 
ceived no attentio 1 whatever, needing none: 
standing the hard usige remarkably well. Wish- 
iuit to have the nortnwest enieied into this con- 
test, I am, Yours res ectfuUy, 

WILL CODMAN. 

SKCONO. 

FROM A. G. HARDING. 

St- Louis, Nov. 12, 1892. 
Gentlemen: — I wish to present the following 



rides for your consideration, made on an Impr rial 
scorcher. 32 pounds. 

May 21, 1892: Forest Park road race, 17 1-2 
miles, time 1 hr. 40 sec: won time prize and 
broke previous record. 

June 2,1892: Lowered St. Louis to De Soto 
record, 45 miles; time 3 hrs. and 50 min., without 
pacemakers. Previous record, 4:19. 

Oc ober30, 1802: Round trip over same course, 
lowered the record without pa emakers, from 11 
hrs. a d 56 min to hrs. and 25 min. Weather 
on this trip cold and windy and road in poor 
shape. The front tire of my wheel has needed no 
attention since May 12, 1892, except partial in- 
flation about twii e a month, although I was In an 
accident which injured the wheel, with this tire 
on, so badly that it had 10 be rebuilt, the ti e 
being uniniured. Yours truly, 

A. G. HARDING. 

NOTE:— The De Soto road is a terror. The 
course is horribly hilly, stony and un- 
ridable to but few others than naiiv< s, 
born and bred on its heart-breaking, 
tire-breaking course. 

THIRD. 

Danville, Pa , Nov. 15, 1692. 

Gentlemen: — I send in my testimony as to the 
test I have given your tire'. I expect that any of 
the three will be surpassed by tLe work on the 
level country roads of the west. It will show, 
however, wh«t the tire will stand. 

1 have ridden one ser. of tires over 1,027 miles of 
country roads since the midd e of last August 
with but two punctures. One run of sixty-four 
miles was over a worn out and abandoned pike 
that wi 1 compare with a worn out cobble pave- 
ment, 'i his was ovr two mountains, only about 
twenty-two miles being average riding. 

I have ridden three successive centuries over 
diflerent routes. In two of these runs the outer 
casing had a hole an inch long running diagonally 
across it (a rupture) and only tire tape wound 
around to protect the inner tul)e from dirt and 
eravel. 

From Bellfonte, six and one-half miles up a 
mountain, one and one-half down, thirteen mi'es 
rolling, ten mile" over continual hills, with poor 
roads, eleven miles mountain climb, thirteen 
miles across top, down and over rol'ing country, 
riding along old worn out pikes used at the time 
for a lumber road for hauling logs, six-mule 
teams to the load, being constantly going back- 
ward and forward over it. The remaining forty- 
five miles was over average hills and sand, 
making 100 miles in ten hours and twenty-five 
minutes. 

The use of the brake on the above rides I con- 
sider of more damage than the wear. The brake 
had to be used and then the mountains were so 
steep I had to back-pedal a<» well. The tire 
looks as good as new now. My wheel was an 
Ariel, weighing 45 pounds. 

Respectfully yours, D. H. BURT. 



A special prize was awarded by the judges to Wallace R. Lay, Michigan City, Ind. Mr. Lay rode from Michigan City to Washington, D.C., last 
suBuner, via Indianapolis, Columbus, Ohio, Wheeling, W. Va., and'Hagerstown, Md. The roads in Indiana and Ohio were good, for the balance of the 
journey rocky and hi ly. He had but oae puncture and only the one inflation on the long journey. 

MORGAN 5L WRIGHT, 

331-339 W. LAKE STREET, - - - - CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 



THE BEARINGS. 




MAJESTIC 

LIGHT ROADSTER. 

Of aU the High Grade Wheels 

THIS IS THE HIGHEST. 

Of all wheels this is the easiest to sell, because 
everyone wants it. 



What can give a CYCLIST more 
pleasure than a trip through the open 
countiy on the highest grade 
bicycle made? 

What can give a DEALER 
more pleasure than selling 
the highest grade bicycle 
made? 
The BEST is always the 

CHEAPEST 
We give you the best 

for ^11 5" .00 only. 

PNEUMATIC TIRES. 




HULBERT BROS. & CO., 26 WEST 23rd STREET, NEW YORK. 



THE BEARINGS. 



Here we are once more, 
With the Cleveland No. 4 




Cleveland No. 4 



We've told our story well, but again are here to tell 
Why The Cleveland Pneumatic Tire takes the Lead. 
IT IS BECAUSE. . . . 

First: Its tread portion has a thread construction instead of solid canvas, making it much lighter and 
more resilient than any other. 

Second: It has the new improved valve. 

Third: It is used in connection with the new Cleveland rim, which permits permanent repairs in 
from two to five minutes' time. 

WE KNOW OUR bearings: They are absolutely dust PROOF. 

Send for Catalogue containing detailed description of 
the above, also cut and description of our Ladies' wheel, 

CLEVELAND NO. 5 

the frame of which keeps the lady's dress in position better than any other 
yet put on the market. 

H. A. Lozier & Co., 



MENTION THE BEARINQS 



Cleveland, OhLio. 



THE BEARINGS. 



SEDDON'S 





^M&^ 




There has been published lately, as having been 
made, an enormous deal in Tyre patents, but the 



ek-tr%.€X 



Is unknown in the history of cycling. 

Seddon's Pneumatic Tyre Patents for the United States and Canada, have 
been purchased, and in future will be worked by the AMERICAN SEDDON'S 
TYRE CO., with a capital of 300,000 Dollars. 

The New York Recorder, Jan. 23, 1893, says: 

" Of the first-class tires that by use have demonstrated their superiorty, the Sed- 
don is a leader. Made in Manchester, England, by the Seddon Pneumatic Tire Com- 
pany, it has gained a world-wide reputation for its speed, lightness, durability, 
simplicity of attachment, double air chamber, appearance and absence of side slip. 

" Nearly all the makers are unsettled as to the permanent model they will make, 
and thus far it has been more experimental than anything else. With the Seddon the 
manufacturers declare they have arrived at satisfactory results, and so proclaim it." 

Sporting Life, New York, Jan 28 in writing of tires, asks: 

"What is in a name?"' Not much in some cases and a great deal in others, 
might be the diplomatic and truthful reply. 

WE CONCUR and in the SEDDON TYRE, which is now a most popular 
name, there are combinations of advantages that no other Tire in the market 
possess— viz : 

Speed, Simplicity, Lightness, Double Air Chamber, 

Durabihty, Appearance, and last but most important 

ABSENCE FROM SIDE SLIP. 

CATALOGUES FREE^-^^fl^^ 

American Seddon's Tvre Co., 

65 Read Street, NEW YORK. 



Mention THK scarinos. 



THE BEARINGS. 



PKTQLES 



ARt WORTH IT. 



MONARCH MODEL A - - - $140.00 

MONARCH MODEL B - - - - 145.00 

MONARCH ROAD RACER - - 150.00 

MONARCH LADIES' - - - 15000 



All Hisihest Possible Grade 

Proper weights, popular designs, elegant 

finish. Our output of 6,000 machines 

are rapidly being placed. 



Make application for terms and territory at once. 

CYCLE ACCESSORIES ■ - 1893 CATALOGUE NOW READY 




MONARCH 
CYCLE CO. 

42, 44, 46, 48, 50 and 52 N. HALSTED ST, 

CHIC/IQO, 



MENTION THE BEARINGS 



THE BEARINGS. 



WESTERN WHEEL WORKS 







1893 Crescent No. 2. $100.00. 



1893 STYLES WITH PNEUMATIC TIRES 



MADE ENTIRELY FROM 




Blackhawk L. R. $135.00. 
28-inch Wheels. Pneumatic Tires. 





Crescent No. 
30-inch Wheels. 



100.00. 
Pneumatic Tires. 



Escort No. 2. $100.00. 
30-inch Wheels. Pneumatic Tires. 



SEAMLESS STEEL TUBING AND 






Juno No. 2. $90.00. 
28-inch Wheels. Pneumatic Tires. 



Rob Roy No. 4. $85.00. 
28-inch Wheels. Pneumatic Tires. 

STEEL DROP FORCINGS. 



Rob Roy No. 2. $65.00. 
26-inch Wheels. Pneumatic Tires. 






Combination Junior No. 4. $60.00. 
26-inch Wheels. Pneumatic Tires. 



Combination Junior No. 2. $50.00. 
24-inch Wheels. Pneumatic Tires. 



Cinch No. 2. $50.00. 
24-inch Wheels. Pneumatic Tires. 



Office and Factory: Wells, Schiller, Sigel Sts. and North Park Ave., CHICAGO. 

EASTERN AGENTS, R. L. COLEMAN CO., NEW YORK. 



THE BEARINQS. 



THE PALMER 
PNEUMATIC TIRE 




PUNCTURE CLOSING 



An entirely new idea in fabric that diminishes weight and 
thickness, but gives greater strength and resihency 



I WANT EVERY RIDER 

To send for pamphlet, now in press. OTHER MANUFAC- 
TURERS will not point out in detail the qualities of a perfect 
pneumatic and show how they may be obtained. I will, and 
leave the verdict with you. 

J. F. PALMER, Patentee. 

• 

Send for Pamphlet to 

THE B. F. GOODRICH COMPANY. 

GENERAL LICENSEES, 
THE COLUMBIA RUBBER WORKS CO., Agents, AKRON, OHIO. 

65 Reade Street, New York. 
159 Lake Street, Chicago. 



THE BEARINGS. 



ARROIAT 



'//uO 



'V/Uv^ 



Have you looked 

into our 
s ecial mechan- 
ical features. 
They are worthy 
of investigation. 




Has our 
Mr. L. Dillinger 

been \6 see 

you. If not write 

us for terms 

and territory. 



-A-rro-w Soorolxor. 



CEMTQKT CYCLE HflNTQ CO. 

295 w/ip/isn /ivE., CHICflQO. 



BUFFALO LIGHT ROADSTER 

14 STYLES, 28 to 38 POUNDS. 





All KUicis who have seen it say it is the wheel of the day, 



A DOUBLE DIAMOND FRAME WHEEL 



UNIQUE 

Seucl for catalogue. H C. MARTIN if CO., BUFFALO, N- Y 



aaia^j3ytg:tagl;t7x-Xk^ ":£TSa.Sy"i:'7KB^^ - ' 




THE BEARINQS. 



OFFICE OF 

Illinois Cycle Works 

665-669 CARROLL AVE., 



H. J. WINN, MANAGER. 



Chicago, December 27th, ^qq^ 



To the Trade. 

Gentlemen :- 

We are now prepared to book orders for the season 
of "93," and can ship upon receipt of order, samples of the 
"Flier," 32 lbs, all on, or the "Isabelle" (ladies), the same 
weight. 

These wheels are built on lines recognized by the trade, 44 
inches wheel base, 10 inch head, materials used being the best 
obtainable, bearings, tool steel throughout. 

We will be pleased to quote prices, and give all further 
information desired. 
Drop us a line. 

Yours , 

ILLINOIS CYCLE WORKS. 



THE Ideal Pneumatc Tire. 

THE ONLY POPUAR HIGH GRADE TIRE. 
NOW ADOPTED BY NEARLY EVERY MAKER OF HIGH GRADE WHEELS IN THE EAST. 



A High Grade Bicycle is one that is 
made as perfect as possible in material, 
design, workmanship and finish, without 
regard to cost. The tires are one of the 
most important parts of a cycle, and are 
no exception to the rule. No manufao>turer 
of cycles can honestly advertise a StrictUj 
High Grade Wheel unless he has on it the 
very best tires that can be procured re- 
gardless of cost. No cemented tire is as 
good or as expensive as one that is mechan- 
ically affixed, and an inner tube with closed 
ends is very objectionable. 




Ideal Pneumatic Tires are not cheap, 
but money will not buy better, for bettei 
tires are not produced anywhere on the 
face of the earth. The resiliency is un- 
surpassed. The method of fastening to 
the rim is absolute and convenient. The 
tire cannot jump off the rim when deflated. 
The inner tube can be exposed for repairs 
in ten seconds and replaced as quickly. 
The material, workmanship and finish, 
are the best that money will buy and skill 
produce. 



NO SPECIAL RIM REQUIRED. 

We have brought suit in the United States Circuit Court, of the southern district of New York, against the American Dunlop Tire Co. 
for infringement of our patents. We own broad claims on wired tires, and all infringers will be promptly prosecuted to the full extent. 



of the law. 



PHELPS & DINGLE MFG. GO. 



SEND FOR CIRCULAR. 



MENTION THE BEARINQS 



F».A.Sgl A TC3, PiT. T. 



THK BEARINGS. 




Some People want to 
know what 

The "EAGLE ALTAIR 

means. 



WRITE TO us AND 
WE WILL TELL YOU 



?> 



AUU ABOUT IT 




TORRINCTON, 
CONN. 



V\^I-I.A.T~ I^ IT'? 



We are Making Shipments Novs<^ 

YOU NEED NOT WAIT! 



MENTION THE BEARIN'QS 



THEY are: # COMING # PAST 

SINCE WE SHOWED AT PHILADELPHIA. 



jg-jg-jg-jg^jg-jg- 



These are some of our (K)new ones: 
BUTLER HDW. CO. 

A. H. POMEROY - 

LINDSAY BROS. - 

T. B. RAYL & CO. 



New York. 
Hartford, Conn. 
Milwaukee, Wis. 
Detroit, Mich. 



Better get in line now. We have already sold TWO Season's OUTPUT and have only one more left. 

''DAUNTLESS" BICYCLES are the STUFF. 

TOLEDO BICYCLE CO.. 



We have some more Picture Books. 



MENTION THK BEARINOS 



THE BEARINGS. 




The Waverly, $ I 50. 



IF ^ ^ ¥ 
THE CLOUDS 
DON T ROLL 
PUSH THEM! 




Waverly Amateur, 26-in. Wheels. $90. 



IF YOU WANT 



GOOD WHEELS 



HERE THEY ARE. 




Waverly Jr., 24-in. Wheels. $75. 

Ment op The Bf *Rr as 



INDIANA 

BICYCLE 

CO. 

Indianapolis, ■ Indiana. 




Ladies' Fashion, 28 and 30-ln. Wheels. $75 
Ladies' Fashion, 26-in. Wheels. - - 60 



YOU SHOULD KNOW THIS! 



OVERSTONE 




IS. 



AN 



"/1RI5T0CR/1T/' 

LIGHT, GRACEFUL, 

BEAUTIFULLY FINISHED 
TUBING LARGE, 

BRACING NEAT.- BEARINGS. 

I hiave Sonne territory still to let; ^vlnat's thie ma.t= 
ter w^ith. ^w^riting for prices and terms? 

LOYD, READ & CO, Coventry, Eng -A, A. FLAVELL, 2%'^ New York City. 



THE BEARINQS. 



Your own Eyes say it is Handsome . . . 

. . . All the Riders and Dealers say it is Best. 



}^ isl(^ ist^ ?l^ i^. ."Sli^ .'^ i^ fPi ^. i^. 




^^^^^^^^^^^ 



^^^^^"^^■^■^^^ 



LIMITED 



^^^^^^^^^^^ 



UNLESS YOU GET A MOVE ON 



YOU'LL GET LEFT FOR A '93 AGENCY. 



ROYAL CYCLE WORKS, 



CATALOGUE IS READY. 



MARSHALL, MICH, 



MrNTioN The Bcarings. 





WILL BE A QUESTION OUT OF ORDER WHEN YOU SEE 

93 VINCENT 93 



LIGHT 



ELEGANT 



STRONG 



AND A MORE UP TO DATE CYCLE IS NOT IN EXISTENCE. 



ORANGE RIMS. 



YOUB CHANCE FOR THE AGENCY AND 
A SLICE OF TEBRITOKY 

1^ ISICDW. 



\J 



WILL APPEAR SOON. 



HOLD ON TO YOUR iS Si S !» S UNTIL 
YOIT SEE THE 



\zir>JcrE:r^T:^. 



■ VINCENT CYCLE MFG. CO., a to 19 g«ii si, boffalo, h. v. | 



WRITE FOR TERMS AND CATALOGUE. 



m 



MENTION THE BEARINGS 



THE BEARINGS. 



IVEL ' LIGHT ' ROADSTER 



AGENTS. 
IVEL CYCLES. 
HIGHEST GRADE. 




$ 1 60.22 



IVEL LIGHT ROADSTER, 30 POUNDS. 

We want good agents for this wheel, and we intend to make it worth while for good men to push it. 
The Ivel is an English machine of the highest grade, and cannot be excelled either in material or 
workmanship. 

Every part of it is imported with the exception of the tire. 

We furnish any tire desired and give guarantee of whole machine. 

We carry a stock of all parts, and can promptly furnish a duplicate of any part of the machine. 

Selling agents for the United States. 



<& 



X46 T3irO&,€3i^S7S7'£Ly. 



n^EiTT^ 



ORIi, KT. 



QUEEN-CITY-BICYCLES 

"A THING OF BEAUTY AND A JOY FOREVER." 
— ^^DISCOUNTS QUOTED TO DEALERS ONLY.^^r- 




C. H HACKETT HARDWARE CO- 

Northwestern Agents, 
St. Paul, Minn. 

BLISH, MIZE & SILLIMAN 
HARDWARE CO. 
Atchison, Kas. 

WALBRIDGE & CO. 
Buffalo. N. Y. 
Agents for Western N. Y. 

R. WOOD'S SONS, 
Syracuse, N. Y. 
Central N. Y. 

m A. M. SCHEFFEY & CO. 
92 Reade Street, N. Y. 
General Eastern Agents. 



GEORGE N. PIERCE & CO., Buffalo, N. Y. Sole Manufacturers. 

The line of Queen Tricycles in 88 different sizes and styles, made only by this iivm, are acknowledged to be the best and most durable on the 

market. Exclusive agencies given. 



MENTION THE BEARINGS 



ODR 1893 0ATAI.OG17E IS NOW REAIiY 



THE BEARINGS. 



Have You Seen Our '93 Catalogue? 

How Simple and Striking, 
Thus it is with Our 

22, 28, 32 MEN'S and 32 POUNDS LADIES' 

BICYCLES 

McKEE & HARRINGTON, Makers, 

173-175 Grand 
Street, 

NEW YORK. 




s*"^^ 



^ 



Hi BEST WHEEL ON EARTH 



He Berly for '83 



Morgan & Wright Pneumatic, 35 lbs. $150. 




DETAIL — Frame, Derby pattern, double 
throughout from continuous seamless steel tub- 
ing; !» inch Head; Wheel Base, l4 inches; Wheels, 
30 inches; Tool Steel Bearings; Manassman's 
Spiral Fibre Steel Tubing; Gearing, 57 and 63 
inches; Round Cranks, GX and 7 inch throw; 
Humber Chain, Garford Saddles. Drop Forging 
throughout. 

We have the best and most simple spokes 
made; they can be replaced by the rider with- 
out removing the tire, and are fully explained 
and illustrated in our catalogue, also tangent 
spokes. 

For beauty and simplicity there is no equal. 
For service none can be made better. 



Send for Catalogue. 
Responsible Agents Wanted. 



Model C, Weight, 30 pounds. 



AGENTS FOR DERBY CYCLES. 

SCHULENBURG CYCLE CO., Detroit, Mich. 

Agents for State of Michigan. 
GEO. F. LUTZ & SON, Buffalo, N. Y. 
NOVELTY CARRIAGE WORKS, Rochester, N. Y. 
THE H. H. KIFFE CO., New York City. 
FISHER GOVENUR COMPANY, Marshalltown, Iowa. 

B. W. VINE, Albany, N. Y. 
W. A. BIEEKEK, Troy, N. Y. 

C. H. BROAUBENT & CO., CUoa, N. Y. 

LOWRY HARDWARE OO., Atlanta, Ga. Agents for Georgia. 



DERBY CYCLE CO. 



161, 162 & 163 South Canal Street, 
.._ CHICAGO. 



MENTION THE BEARH408 



THE BEARINGS. 



WATCH IHE NIAGARA LINE 



.,iiii«|iiiiiih 
'"miiiiaill' 



N 

I 

A 

G 

A 

R 



if ""in 

*Viii Sill" 




NIAGARA 

Maid of the Mist 

PATENT APPLIED FOR. 

WEIGHT, ALL ON, 



36 



POUNDS. 



Price, - $150 



HOLLOW RIMS. 



Agents wanted 



N 
I 

A 
G 
A 
R 



o 

"iiiBiiiir 



SEE CUT OF NIA ARA ROADSTER NEXT WEEK. 



Buffalo \y hecl (]omi}aiiv 



MANUFACTURERS. 



MENTION THf. BEARINGS 



BUFFALO. N. Y 



IBE TRIANGLE 



The only wheel on strictly SCIENTIFIC LIXES l>y which the strains 
are equaHzed and GREAT STRENGTH secured. Combined with 

PE4UTY. jrnnZTKX *IiS JinFLKITT 



SPECIFICATIONS. 



Deep Frame, Perfect Truss, Drop Forglngs Wheel Base 45 inch. Ten inch head 
Cranks 8 inch from ground, Bearings carefuUy tempered and ground. 

LIST $I50.00 





HIGH GRADE PNEUMATIC Weight, 3G lbs. 

The Peerless Manufacturing Co. 



CLEVELAND, OHIO. H 



klENTION THE BEARINQ* 



THE BEARINGS. 




Knowing jurors seated in the box, 
Charged by a judge of high degree; 
Great was the import of the case, 
'Twas to decide bicycle supremacy. 
Queer was it not, to a single man 
Every juror accordingly, 
Promptly said, with a nod of his head: 



The wheel supreme is 




AND THEY WERE NOT PAID 
. AMATEURS EITHER. 



WILSON, MYERS & CO. 



TAYLOR CYCLE CO, Chicago. 



General Western Kepresentativj-' 



MAKERS OF LIBERTY CYCLES, 

No. 55 Liberty Street, NEW YORK. 



\IENT.ON THE BEARINGS 



OMLyM THE CENTRAL 

Weight 35 lbs. Price $135 00 

HQHT, i 5TR0NQ, 
ELEQflNT. 

WRITE FOR EXCLUSIVE TERRITORY. 

".A THING WHICH FLKASEs IS ALKKAUY HALi' SOLD." Restrlctccl Tcrritory. Competition Discounts 

CENTRAL CYCLE MANUFACTURINC CO., Indianapolis, Indiana. 




THE 



44 



9^ 



A QREflT 5ELLER. 

1893 

Discounts' Xow Ready. 
OPEN T£-RRITORY\ 

Restricted Prices. 



ItNTION THH BEA<«INa» 




THE BEARINGS. 



EUanSH BLOOMEE BICYCLE SUITS 

Introduced by us in this country 
last season, will be the rage for '93 

SWEATERS - CAPS HOSE - - BELTS 

...The... 
Largest and Best line of 

BICYCLE 
CLOTHING 

in the U. S. is the R. & 
W. Brand, manufactured 
in Tailor Made Styles by 




DEALERS!! 



Enroll your name for our 



N 



EW 



Catalogue, 
soon to be issued 



m cruLi 



^RT 



MENTION THE BEARINGS. 






WILL BREED 



CHAMPIONS 



OUT OF PURE AMATEURS. 



THE RALEIGH CYCLE CO., 



i_iis^i~r]EE:iD, 



KENTION THE BEARINGS 



Bank and Greenwich Streets, NEW YORK 



THE BEARINGS. 



Shall We Annex the Sandwich Islands? 



AND HOW ABOUT CANADA? 



Tliese are ()uestions which are agitating the popular mind today. A short year ago it was "'Which is the best pneumatic tire"? 
but that has been settled by over two seasons' experience with the 

G. & J. PNEUMATIC TIRE 

and many, many sad experiences with experimental "sensations" and scare head "perfections" in the tire line. 

By the annexation of HAWAII we gain — well, what do we gain? Congress will seek, find or fail, to find a source of gain. 
Would it prove a "white elephant"? Well, that would be a matter of experiment. Sometimes experiments beget successes; witness 
the "top of column" position attained by the G. & J. Pneumatic. That was the result of experiment, but — thorough private experi- 
ment, at no expense to the innocent, suffering public in wheeldom. 



Should You not Annex a Hi^li Grade Tire 

to your very good wheel? Your friends have a right to expect it when they pay a "high grade" price. "The tire is an index to the 
wheel" — a good one will help sell it. Yes, the G. & J. costs a little more, but it is worth more, and is cheapest in the end for 
manufacturer and rider. Ridei-s and makers who bought 

G. & J. PNEUMATIC TIRES 

soon found their gain. The Congressional Committee couldn't have found it (juicker. Has your tire annexation proven a ••white 
elephant?" Have you been furnishing a ■'coaling station" for the pocket-books of the repairer and express company? 



The MANUFACTURER will find it to his interest to Ht his wheels— all of them— with G. <t .1. Pneumatics, or at least supply them when ordered. Write lor prices. 

I'he HIDKR will he decidedly henefitted by having these tires fitted to his wheel— NOW, before the rush of Spring t)usiness. Send for price list of tire changes, 
•der the new wheel with G. <fe .T. Pneumatic Tires. Any progressive manufacturer or dealer will furnish them. 



^^° We said " High Art Catalogue "it is a woik of art — tells of works of high mechanical art — '•RAMBLERS." 



GORMULLY & JEFFERY MFG. GO. 

234-22 1 N. FR/INKLIN ST.. QHKflQO. 



I 74 Columbus Ave., 85 Madison St., 1325 14th St., N. W., Broadway and 57th St., 5 and 6 Hertford S ., 
BOSTON. CHICAGO. WASHINGTON. NEW YORK. COVENTRY, ENC. 



MENTtOM TH«tBCARINaS 





^^^;k°p%crica 



CHICAGO, FEBRUAKY 10, 1893 



CLASS B NOT WANTED. 

The Proposed Amendment Discussed in a Representative Meeting in 

Chicago. 

If the approaching constitutional convention at Philadelphia should 
be guided by the resolutions passed at the informal discussion of impend- 
ing L. A. W. legislation, which was held at the Loland hotel, Chicago, last 
Tuesday night, there will be no class B. The meeting mentioned was the 
result of an invitation extended by Chief Consul Gerould to members of the 
Illinois Division. There were twenty -four gentlemen present, only one of 
them being a non-resident of Chicago. Mr. Gerould was kept away by 
illness. 

After a sociable dinner, Mr. Thomas P. Sheridan arose and called atten- 
tion to some of the most important topics to be considered and was then 
obliged to depart. Burton F. White, secretary of the Division, took the 
chair and brought up various matters treated in the notices recently pub- 
lished in the oflScial organ. A series of resolutions was passed expressing 
the sense of the meeting for the guidance and instruction of national dele- 
gates. 

The motion which went througu with the heartiest and promptest 
unanimity was one declaring in favor of a strict amateur rule for the 
L. A. W. and opposing the continuance of shamateurism under the 
cloak of class B or any other guise whatever. It was argued and unani- 
mously concurred in that the L,. A. W. should apply its full power to the 
road movement, and that the propriety of its controlling cycle racing as a 
business — which the present condition is generally admitted to be — is past. 
The resolution was completed by declaring in favor of suspensions by the 
Racing Board on suspicion. The expedition with which it was seconded 
and passed should be significant of the temper with which intelUigent 
League members will regard any further dilly-dallying with the racing 
question. 

"Bi. World" gets a Raking Over. 

Bicycling World came in for a good over-hauling, as usual. Attention 
was called to the vigorous manner with which that paper was handled by 
the Pennsylvania Division, according to its recently published report. Some 
sarcastic references were made to the alleged charitableness of the Boston 
people in having furnished the L,. A. W. with a newspaper at a time when 
it sorely needed one. This so-called charity was contrasted with the 
present policy of the Wheelman Company. It was stated that it had been 
endeavored — probably with some success — to charge Divisions for the use 
of the addresses of their own members, and attention was called to the fact 
that the short stories which helped to make Good Roads interesting were 
suddenly discontinued upon the Wheelman Company's imperative request. 
The meeting was impressed with the fact that the existent relations between 
the Wheelman Company and the L,. A. W. are undesirable and that the 
impractibility of publishing a successful weekly organ, eitherjunder L,. A. 
W. or private control, would be apparent before long. It was generally 
agreed that Good Roads is really the organ of the League and that it 
should be supported by the League. The L- A. W. now furnishes Good 
Roads financial help which may never be returned, though it amounted to 
something like f to,ooo during '92. Any support, financial or moral, that 
is given to the very much berated Boston organ diverts just that 
much support and advertising patronage from Good Roads, and so the 
League is placed in the position of thwarting its own purposes. 

There was no opposition to the argument that official L. A. W. matter 
could be published in the form of a supplement to Good Roads, and that 
the size of official reports, particularly those of Divisions, should be con- 
siderably curtailed. It was evidently the sense of the members that much 
official matter now published exclusively in the official organ should be 
given freely and promptly to the independent cycling press, especially if a 
monthly organ should be adopted. Division option in the matter of 
state organs was considered rather favorably. 

Legislating by Mail Vote. 

It has been proven, by a canvass of the opinions of League members 
on various topics now being conducted by a contemporary of The Bear- 
ings, that the mass of League members are not the nonentities that some 
smart people would have us believe them to be. This proof came up as an 
incident of the discussion on the proposition to give the National Assembly 
legislative power, their action to be ratified by Divisions within six months 
afterward. The point was made that eight months would often elapse 
before necessary laws could actually pass into effect. On the other hand 
it was admitted that League members, voting by mail, could not do so 

r n 



with perfect intelligence without being guided by the advice of the 
Assembly. It was therefore resolved to favor any measure, impending 
or likely to arise, providing that the National Assembly shall act in an 
advisory capacity in matters permitting time in which the intelligence of 
the entire League can be exercised, and that its recommendations shall be 
passed upon by prompt mail votes. 

The Negro Question. 

The motion which was passed, declaring no opposition to the admis- 
sion of negroes and opposing Mr. Watts' standpoint of utter exclusion, 
did not exactly represent the tone of the meeting. While it was consid- 
ered that^Mr. Watts has asked too much and that the League at large 
should not put itself on record as willing to exclude any man on account of 
his color, it should not be understood that the right of the South to division 
option was contested. 

The meeting was short and animated. Those present were: Thomas 
F. Sheridan, Burton F. White, C. H. Castle, Dr. J. C. Wachter, N. H. Van 
Sicklen, William Herrick, L. J.'Berger, Walter Wardrop, E. M. Newman, 
J. M. Erwiij, L. W. Conkling, W. J. Walsh, C. R. Francis, J. D. Guinea, 
Grant Newell, George S. Webb of Aurora, F. E. Spooner, C. P. Root, J. M. 
Stimpson, W. F. Cameron, J. A. Erickson, A. W. Roth, S. A. Miles. C. E. 
Randall. 

A Radial Relay Scheme. 

A. A. Billingsley, vice consul of the Illinois Division, has long been 
working upon a relay ride idea. He has now enlisted the aid of Governor 
Altgeld, who is much interested in the road movement. Details are not at 
hand, but it is reported that a series of relay rides will be inaugurated as 
soon as the roads become settled. Springfield, the capital of Illinois, is to 
be the starting point. The idea is to carry messages on the subject of roads 
from Governor Altgeld to the governors of five other states — Indiana, Ken- 
tucky, Missouri, Iowa and Wisconsin. Rather a big undertaking, but one 
that will doubtless fan the road improvement flame and excite greater in- 
terest in cycling. 

A letter received later from Mr. Billingsley gives more of the details. 
Mr. Billingsley -writes from Springfield as follows: 

' 'I am arranging for a series of relay rides from Springfield to the capi- 
tals of the different states bordering on Illinois. These rides will take 
place on the same day, starting at the same hour, and will be ridden as 
early in the spring as the state of the roads will permit. The object is to 
stimulate interest in the L. A. W., and the entire business will be con- 
ducted by members of the League. It is intended to use local riders all 
through, and to make the matter as dramatic as possible, having the news- 
papers in the vicinity of the route talk of it and give the names, and 
other notices of the men who ride. I have corresponded with the chief 
consuls of the other divisions, and the promises of co-operation are very 
satisfactory. It is proposed that I will deliver the message at our state line 
to the men of each of the other divisions, who will be on hand, and who 
will rush it through to its destination. In the case of Kentucky, I will 
leave it at the Indiana state line, and Mr. Hay's men will take it on to 
New Albany, where Mr. Watts' men will receive it. I have almost com- 
pleted arrangements for the part that Illinois will take. I am very much 
gratified with the responses which I have received from the Illinois men 
whom I have asked to assist. Not one of them have declined, and all 
seem anxious that it be a 'howling success.' The result looked for is in- 
creased membership in Illinois and in the other divisions. If this proves the 
success, I hope it will, I will then try to arrange one from St. Louis to 
Chicago, and Chicago to St. Louis, same day and hours." 



First Steps for a National Roads Bureau. 
Congressman Durborrow's bill providing for the establishment of a 
permanent roads bureau, and for a road exhibit at the World's Fair, has 
been acted upon by the House committee on agriculture at Washington. 
The committee agreed to report the clause in the appropriation bill, pro- 
viding that the Secretary of Agriculture shall collect and disseminate cer- 
tain information on the subject of roads. Mr. Durborrow wanted $50,000, 
but the committee thought that one-fifth of that sum would be enough for 
the first year. The clause reads: To enable the Secretary of Agriculture to 
make inquiries in regard to the systems of road management throughout the 
United States, to make investigations in regard to the best methods of road 
making, to prepare publications on this subject suitable for distribution and 
to enable him to assist the agricultural colleges and experiment stations in 
disseminating information on this subject, $10,000 are hereby appropriated. 



The gait that you go does not necessarily depend on the style of the 
gaitors, but more on the style of the gaiter. 

/ I "^ 
u L 4 



THE BEARINGS. 



CHICAGO'S '93 R OAD RACE. 

Rumors of Coming Events on the West Side. 

Although there is not the strongest reason to believe that the '93 
Pullman will be abandoned, still it is best to be prepared for emergencies. 
Thus reasons the Illinois Cycling Club. Since it was exclusively announced 
in The Bearings several weeks ago that the management of the Hotel 
Florence, at Pullman, would not allow the wheelmen to^use the famous 
hostelry as a finishing point for future road races, many thought that the 
Pullman would have to be abandoned. The Associated Cycling Clubs 
ofiicials declare otherwise. Still there is "many a slip 'twixt the cup and 
lip," and some unforeseen obstacle may arise which might prevent is being 
held. 

The Illinois C. C. has held two large club road races on the West Side. 
Elated over the success of these events the ofiScers of the club thought 
that it would be a good plan to hold a miniature Pullman on the West Side, 
open to all amateurs. When the Pullman difficulty arose some of the 
officers suggested that the I. C. C. hold its road race on the West Side on 
Decoration Day, to take the place of the Pullman should that race be 
abandoned. This was thought to be a good plan and at the meeting of 
the club officers, last Saturday night, definite action was decided upon. 
It was decided to hold an open road race this summer, and in case the 
Pullman is not run to ofier to hold their race on Decoration Day, to 
take the place of the larger race. In case the Pullman is run the event 
will be postponed until a later date. The Illinois Club members have 
found a suitable course and at the annual meeting of the Associated Cycling 
Clubs last night submitted their plans. The result will be published next 
week. 

The course is from the club house, 1068 Washington boulevard, to 
Oak Park. From this point there is a firm road to Riverside. This will 
be used, the course rounding the school house in that pretty suburb and 
then taking another road which would bring the racers back to Washing- 
ton boulevard. The finish would be at the starting point. This makes a 
course of sixteen miles, over good roads and with but few obstructions. 



THE TIRE CONTEST. 



Will Extend Washington Boulevard. 

It is a well known fact in Chicago that after one leaves Washington 
boulevard at Oak Park the roads are mere strips of dirt, winding in and 
out among the sidewalks for some distance and then merging into a mass 
of little hillocks which make riding almost impossible. This road has 
destroyed all the pleasure of country riding between Oak Park and Elm- 
hurst. When the roads were unridable the unfortunate wheelmen had to 
take to the railroad tracks where they would plug along through the sand 
many weary miles to Elmhurst. From here on the roads are passing fair. 

The West Side park commissioners have been considering for some 
time the advisability of extending Washington boulevard to Elmhurst. It 
is said that they have decided to do this in the near future and are now 
considering the plans. If this is done it will help cycling in Chicago and 
increase the attendance on club runs. 

Another plan that has been suggested is to build a boulevard along the 
Desplaines river from Elmhurst, extending to the north until it finally con- 
verged with the Sheridan drive. This would give a magnificent road, and 
one enthusiastic newspaper man has already suggested that it would be 
the best place for Chicago's big road race, changing the name from the 
Pullman to the Elmhurst road race. 



Send Your Proxies to Secretary Bassett. 
Several inquiries have been received lately from League members who 
desire to vote and do not know who should receive the proxies. Abbot 
Bassett will be secretary of the Philadelphia convention and assembly and 
proxies should be sent to him at 12 Pearl street, Boston. 



Elwell Will Again Visit Europe. 
F. A. Elwell announces that instead of making an American tour this 
year he will again visit Europe with a party of twenty. This trip will cost 
under $300 and will last 75 days. The party will start in June and visit 
France, Switzerland, Germany and Holland, returning in time for the 
World's Fair. 

Will Tour to the Fair. 
J. F. Thompson, of Pueblo, Colo., writes that a partyof four, including 
two ladies, has been organized in that city to ride to the World's Fair 
against time, in the interest of a western daily paper. 



Missouri Will Support Watts. 

At the Missouri Division board meeting, held on January 28, the dele- 
gates to the constitutional convention from that division were instructed 
to vote for W. W. Watts' amendment in regard to the admission of the 
negro, and on the amateur question to support the national Racing Board. 

The Century Road Club. 
William Herrick gives as a reason for selecting February 24 as the 
closing day for balloting upon Century Road Club officers, the desirabilitv 
of giving the English members an opportunity to vote. It is possible iIihI 
the majority of the first year's officers will be Chicagoans. This will he 
natural, as the club originated here. There seems to be a jjeiieral regret, 
on one hand, that the promised organization has been delayed so long, but 
on the other hand it is admitted that the club could not begin its new 
life at a better time. The candidates for the dijTerent offices are nearly all 
well known and it is deemed best not to boom the candidacy of any of 
them through the press. Mr. William A. Skinkle, of Clevelind, will 
undoubtedly be president and to him should be sent the names of available 
candidates for state centurions. The latter will occupy positions analogous 
to those of chief consuls. 



It is not known that any of the certificates submitted by ridefs of the 
Morgan & Wright tire contest were burned in the firm's recent fire, though 
some of them were slightly scorched. Of the 31 certificates submitted to 
the judges, 19 were made on forms published in The Bearings. Of the 
12 others, three were made without using any form. The list below in- 
cludes the names of winners of the prizes announced (the specified amounts 
are to be spent by the donors for such trophies or merchandise as the win- 
ners may choose) and those holding second and third places, for each of 
which a pair of tires will be awarded. 

First prize, $25, for greatest distance on M. & W. tires without damage 
or important repairs. 

1. H. E. Brayton, Pueblo Ramblers, Pueblo, Colo. Age 23; weight 
112, 37 pound Phoenix; rode 3,400 miles, including three centuries, during 
the season, mostly over sandy roads. 

2. John West, Minnette Cycling Corps, Chicago. Age 38; weight 
165; 34 pound Holbein Swift. Rode over 3,400 miles in the season — not less 
than 35 miles a day on the road during May, June and July, also consider- 
able track work preparatory to his long-distance ride at Aurora. One 
puncture. 

3. W. R. Anglemeyer, Rockford C. C, Rockford, 111. Age 24; 
weight 152; 35 pound Ormonde. Rode 2,970 miles by cyclometer, over 
hilly mountains and stony roads. Sixteen weeks riding in the East. No 
punctures. 

Second prize, $15, for greatest number of centuries on one set of M. & 
W. tires. 

1. C. A. Wescott, Lake View, Chicago. Age 19; weight 127; 30 pound 
Hybrid. Rode twelve centuries around Chicago between June 4 and 
Nov. 20. 

2. F. E. Klipfel, Buffalo Ramblers, Buffalo. Age 28; weight 140; 30 
pound Buffalo. Rode 29 centuries, the last eight including one double 
century between October i and October 22. 

3. John E. Parker, Lincoln C. C, Chicago. Age 24; weight 175 to 
195; 37 pound Imperial. Rode 2,344 miles by cyclometer. Eight centuries 
in Illinois, Indiana and Michigan. One small puncture to front and 
rupture to rear tire. 

Third prize, $15, for most meritorious single ride. 

1. William Codman, Elliptic C. C, Winona, Minn. Age 24; weight 
130; 27 3-4 pound Elliptic with racing tires. In October rode from Winona 
to Rochester and return, 118 miles, in 11:28:00 including 2 1-2 hours stop. 
Road very stony and hilly. 

2. W. G. Harding, St. Louis C. C, St. Louis, Mo. Age 24; weight 
135; 32 pound Imperial. Lowered record St. Louis to De Soto, 45 miles, 
from 4:19:00 to 3:50:00. On October 30 lowered round trip record, same 
course, 11:56:00 to 9:25:00. Front tire needed no attention after May 12 
except occasional inflation. 

3. D. H. Burt, Danville, Pa. Age 31; weight illegible; 45 pound 
Ariel. Rode 100 miles Bellefonte to a point in the mountains and back, 
overbad roads, in 10:25:00. 

Special prize, pair of tires. Wallace R. Lay, Michigan City, Ind. 
Age 19; weight 128; 38 pound Moffat. Rode from Michigan City to meet 
at Washington, D. C, via Indianapolis, Wheeling and Hagerstown. 
Indiana and Ohio roads good, balance very stony. 

World's Fair Medals. 
Mr. A. G. Spalding, who had an interview with the World's Fair 
council of administration in regard to medals for the World's Fair tourna- 
ments, says that all the wheelmen want is that the medals be struck off 
under the greft seal of the World's Fair; they don't ask the Exposition 
management to pay for them. 

It is rumored that there will be a great big kick from the A. A. U. in 
case class B is established. 



It is amusing to stand and see how suddenly a new rider rtnnfp'^ his 
mind as to the direction he is going in. 




A HIT OF FBENCII^IMAGINATION. — Le C^'Cle. 



THE BEARINGS. 



PUBLISHING \f* Of riCIAL WEEKLY NEWSPAPER 

1660-I-2-3 4-5 6-7-3-9. 18901-2-3 ' 



PURPOSES OT^ THE L. A. "W. 
^PERFEQINO THE GROWTH Of OttE RACING. 



THE ROAD MOVEMENT 







A/o LS/hGCR PROFlTAdLts> 



516 EttOUGH TO 5HlfT FOR nSELP- 



14. 

^(5<n.mt1 OPPORTUNITY -HARDLY RLALIZLD. 



A SOUTHERN \A^INTER MEET. 

Races to be Held on the Cement Track at Savannah. 



THE FAR WEST. 



A midwinter outdoor race metft is somewhat of a novelty. Such a 
tournament will be held at Savannah, Ga., February 22-23. C. S. Rich- 
mond, president of the Savannah Wheelmen's Track Association, tele- 
graphs The Bearincs as follows: 

Savannah, Ga., Feb. 6. — The board of directors of the Savannah 
Wheelmen's Track Association decided at a meeting held on Saturday to 
open the new athletic park with a fine programme of bicycle races February 
22-23. There will be ten races each day on the new quarter mile cement 
track, which cost $10,000. The curves of this track are banked one foot in 
five, and will satisfy the most fastidious racing man. 

A fine list of prizes are offered, as follows: Wednesday, February 22. 
One mile novice, first prize, gold medal; second prize, silver medal. One 
mile, open, first prize, diamond cufi" buttons; second, pearl opera glasses. 
Half mile for boys, 13 years and under, first prize, gold medal; second, 
bell. Two mile handicap, first prize, fine clock; second, silk umbrella. 
Half mile, open, first prize, gold medal; second, plush rocking chair. 
One mile 2:35 class, first prize, gold medal; second, cane; third, box cigars. 
Quarter mile, open, first prize, stop watch; second, fine scarf pin. One 
mile handicap, first prize, banquet lamp; second, tobacco set; third, clock. 
Two mile 3:50 class, first prize, gold medal; second, gold pen and holder; 
third, charm. Thursday, February 23. Half mile open, first prize, diamond 
stud; second, fine opera glasses. Fancy riding, first prize, dressing case; 
second, derby hat. One mile Savannah team race, two entries from each 
club, pennant. Three mile handicap, first prize, gold medal; second, silver 
card receiver, third, sweater. One mile handicap, first prize, fine clock; sec- 
ond, fancy table. Half mile, boys under 13 years riding 24 inch wheels, first 
prize, bicycle shoes; second, bell. One mile 2:25 class, first prize, 
gold medal; second, scarf pin; third, opera glasses. Savannah wheelmen, 
quarter mile open, first prize, diamond scarf pin; second, derby hat. One 
mile consolation, first prize, opera glasses; second, cuff buttons. 

[Parkside track, Chicago, is the same size as this track, but is banked 
one foot eight inches in five, and yet many complain that it is impossible 
to successfully negotiate the turns at full speed. It would therefore seem 
that the Savannah track is insufficiently banked. — Ed.] 



Fox Wins a Protested Race. 
Louis Fox won the protested 2:35 class mile, postponed from Thanks- 
giving Day to January 28, at Los Angeles. The riders were bunched all the 
way. Fox taking the lead at the last quarter, winning easily from P. 1,. 
Abel and W. A. Burke. 

Sonorous Shouts From Sonora. 
The wheel is making great headway in Sonora, Cal. It has taken the 
town by storm and the latest report from that place is that all of the young 
men are saving their upare change to buy bicycles. 



Alameda Notes. 
A large party of Alameda cyclists of both sexes made up a theatre 
party to San Francisco last week. Cycling has taken a great hold in this 
city. The dances given by the local club are all well attended. The 
action of the club in throwing open the doors of the club house to the 
members of the ladies' annex has caused much favorable comment. 



Portland Has the Racing Fever. 
Portland, Ore., has it bad. Every wheelman in town is talking race 
and light wheels. The local clubs are already agitating the question of a 
series of interstate meetings this spring and summer to which invitations 
will be sent to the Olympia, Tacoma and Spokane clubs to participate in 
the races, and they will in turn send some of their local flyers to these 
places during their meetings, which will be held during the coming sum- 
mer. The question of a track is now exciting considerable local interest 
and negotiations are pending with the Portland Speed and Driving Asso- 
ciation for a bicycle track to be put inside of their horse track, which, if 
secured, will give one of the best bicycle tracks on the Pacific coast. 



California Club Runs. 
Sacramento cyclists are enjoying fine country runs at this season of the 
year. The last run of the Capital City Wheelmen was well attended. The 
run was to the Slough house, eighteen miles away. Slow time was made 
on account of poor roads and a heavy fog. 



"You had a cold ride to-day !" 
"So cold it froze my ear muffs off." 
"And not your ears?" 
"O no, they didn't get cold." 



Cork Cycle Tracks. 
Compressed granular cork embedded in a cement-like material appears 
to be the track surface of the future, says an English exchange. The more 
rapidly wearing cork keeps the surface broken, does away with suction, 
and prevents slipping. 



Conkling's Opinions of Medals. 
L. W. Conkling, assistant manager of the Coventry Machinists' Co.'s 
Chicago branch, is, as all cyclists know, an old-timer who has decided 
views upon all subjects pertaining to cycling. Mr. Conkling has been 
doing some deep thinking upon the proposed L. A. W. amendments and his 
opinion on the subject of prizes is as follows: "I do not think that medals 
should be awarded so freel;,-. They should only be given for champion- 
ships. Under the present system every Tom, Dick and Harry sports a 
medal, won in some little one-horse road race. There is no honor con- 
nected with them, and a really good rider is ashamed to be seen with one 
of them on. I think that the League should fix it so that medals could not 
be offered except in the national championships. Then there would be 
some glory in winning them; now there is not." 



THE BEARINGS. 





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IVe call attention to the advertisement zohich appears on another page, 
concerning the souvenir half-dollar. 



OUR POL ICY. 

A journal devoted exclusively to the cycle trade forms a medium be- 
tween manufacturer and dealer. The Bearings occupies a broader field. 
It is the rider's paper and is conducted upon the theory that a medium 
betiueen manufacturer and dealer and between these and the rider is most 
valuable to all concerned. Results have proved the correctness of our 
theory, faithful adherence to which has plactd our circulation — trade and 
general — far above that of any other independent cycling journal. 

A BATC H OF SCOOPS. 

A comparison of The Bearings of February 3 and its local contem- 
porary of the same date shows that the former contained nine more pages 
of American advertisements than the latter ; also the following articles, 
constituting twelve distinct " scoops ": 

Chicago track arrangements completed. 

A. G. Spalding expresses himself on the cash prize league. 

Cvcles at the World's Fair ; what is being done for the exhibitors' 
comfort. 

Arrest of the secretary-treasurer of the New York Division. 

Minnesota forms a good roads association. 

A. E. Lumsden's secret marriage. 

The Baltimore prize imbroglio settled. 

History of the Coventry Machinists' Co. 

Baltimore dealers combine. 

A southern dealers' association. 

Advance in the price of rubber. 

Stephen Golder has trouble with the customs authorities at New York. 

The Pope Mfg. Co.'s western affairs ; Mr. Garden may make a change. 

" Is a bicycle baggage ? " The baggagemasters discuss the subject at 
their Chicago convention. 

MUNICIP AL EL ECTIONS. 

The time is again drawing near when the citizens of thousands of 
American municipalities will be called upon to elect men who shall handle 
the reins of local and county government for another year. 

We have had no reason to change the opinion volunteered over a year 
ago and frequently advanced since then, viz., that there is a way in which 
the League of American Wheelmen may, without danger to its fraternal 
character, wield a very potent power in national, state, county and muni- 
cipal politics. While it is gratifying — on the principle that misery loves 
company — to find by recent developments that our national government is 
by no means as corrupt as those of some European countries, it must be 
admitted that the system of municipal government allowed to exist in the 
United States is rotten to the core. This is in a very large measure due to 
the carele sness of the better class of citizens. We have no hesitancy in 
placing the great majority of wheelmen in that class and take this oppor- 
tunity to call attention in the most earnest manner to a field of work in 
which the organized cycling pov/er may be used with great effectiveness. 

The Metropolitan Association of Cycling Clubs, of New York, and the 
Associated Cycling Clubs of Philadelphia and Chicago have, we under- 



stand, committees on political action. For the work done in Philadelphia 
we have nothing but praise ; but what c m be said for the New York and 
Chicago organizations ? The power of the metropolitan clubs may be a 
mere drop in the bucket compared with that of Tammany, but that famous 
clan is known to set a price on every man's vote and influence, and there 
is no reason why the New York cyclists cannot name a price which shall 
be paid in the shape of some reform or other. 

In Chicago, within a few months a leading newspaper has started a 
very radical movement toward the improvement and cleaning of a number 
of business thoroughfares which have been wretched in filth. The news- 
paper mentioned inaugurated the movement by means of a mass meeting 
which was widely heralded but very slimly attended. Did the Associated 
Cycling Clubs co-operate in making that meeting a success ? No. Has 
their committee on political action taken any pains to locate the cause of 
the attenuation of the street-cleaning fund ? No. It is for just such work 
that the committee exists. The delegates of the Associated Clubs, actuated 
no doubt by the forcible manner in which the subject was presented by this 
paper a year ago, selected for that committee men whose abilities seemed 
to be adapted to the work, with a view of obtaining information aad sug- 
gestion and so becoming enabled to choose a definite line of action for the 
voting members of their constituent clubs. 

There ought to be an association of clubs in every city in the United 
States. It is not a hard matter. Choose good leaders — men who are 
capable of blazing the way and who will blaze the way. Tell these men 
what is expected of them; show them that they will be actively supported 
in striving for the attainment of a definite result ; and the route between 
primary organization and final action will be found surprisingly short. 
The stock in trade — votes — is already in hand. It is ©nly necessary to dis- 
play this stock where politicians can see it, to produce good results. 



DO THE PURE AM ATEU R AN INJUSTICE. 

Chief Consul Harris' Views on the Proposed Amendments. 



Henry E. Harris, chief consul of the Kansas Division, writes con- 
cerning the proposed changes in the amateur rule. The point of his 
letter, printed below, is that riders in the proposed class A shall be per- 
mitted to compete with class B riders for L. A. W. championships, which 
have not been specifically included in the proposition covering invitation 
races. His letter is as follows: 

The new rule has many good points in it, but, if adopted as it stands, 
it will prove a failure and work gross injustice. Why? To start with, it 
provides that riders belonging to the two classes may not compete with 
each other except in invitation races, and then only by license of the 
Racing Board. Amateurs of class A can compete only for medals, wreaths, 
diplomas, plate and jewelry, up to I50 in value; amateurs of class B may 
compete for anything except cash, and hence may ride for medals, etc. 
Both classes may and will want to meet in the division and national cham- 
pionships, in which only medals are permitted to be given. Now, class A 
riders may, as already btated, compete for medals, but they cannot com- 
pete with riders of class B without losing their status in the former class; 
hence, if one wishes to remain in that class, he 

Must Stay out of the Championships 
should class B riders compete. Injustice No. i. 

It is well enough to limit prizes in class A to $50 in value, but they 
should include useful articles, such as merchandise. After a man has won 
a few dozen medals, cups, etc., he longs for something he can use. So he 
rides for an arm chair, or a desk, or shotgun, or something of that sort, and 
in so doing becomes a rider of class B. Thenceforth he must ride against 
men who are permitted to receive pay for riding, and who, as a conse- 
quence, are so much better trained that they can make circles around him. 
Result: no wins for him. He may not receive a dollar from any maker, he 
may pay his own expenses and be as pure an amateur as the imagination 
can conceive, and yet he is a makers' amateur because, wonderful to re- 
late, he wants something he can use. Gross injustice No. 2. 

It must not be thought that I am opposed to makers' amateurs. On the 
contrary, I believe in them. They are a credit to the sport even under the 
present rule, so far as speed and honest riding are concerned. ■ And 
I Am Unalterably Opposed to Cash Prizes. 
But a distinction is a distinction; consistency is consistency. One 
who rides for merchandise prizes should not be regarded as a makers' 
amateur when no maker pays him a cent, nor be compelled to ride with 
men so much faster because so much better trained. The solution is easy. 
Let there be two classes, substantially as proposed; let the riders of class A 
compete for anything except cash up to $50 in value; but provide that they 
may compete in championship events with class B riders without losing 
their status. This would be logic, justice, common sense. In the rule as 
it is now proposed these are lacking. 

Ft. Scott, Kas., Jan. 26. Henry E. Harris. 

Sold Again. 
Pause, friend, and read a lesson here. 
You may think at first sight 
That this is a case of fervid verse, 

But that is where 

You will get left. 
It is the intention of the author 
To make you feel more acutely 
Than is usual, that you can't 

Judge by appearances 



Every time — see? 



-Sandy Hook. 



THE BEARINGS. 



GRANGER PREJUDICE. 

What Chief Consul Choate, of Minnesota, Thinks About it. 



The Bearings: In your editorial of February 3, entitled "Good Roads 
as an Organ," you mention as an objection raised l)y some one to making 
the magazine our official organ that it might prejudice the farmers against 
us. I want to endorse the sentiment in the last line of that editorial, viz: 
"We have little sympathy with this fear of granger prejudice, anyway." 
At the risk of appearing egotistical, I will give my experience in organ- 
izing the good roads convention recently held in Minnesota, and hope that 
the result will be to strengthen the weak knees of some of the timid ones. 

I was chairman of the committee which organized the convention and 
as such signed more than a thousand letters in correspondence with news- 
papers and county officials, each of which I signed as chairman and as 
committee of the League of American Wheelmen, 

The programme announced that I would call the convention to order, 
and some of the leading papers of the state added to the announcement, 
on the morring of the convention, that I was chief consul of the L,. A. W., 
and in reporting the proceedings, the same announcement was made. 

My Relation to the League Was Thoroughly Understood 
by the members of the convention, and in opposition to my wishes and 
public protest at the time of the nomination, I was unanimously elected, 
by the delegates of the convention, as president of the permanent associa- 
tion which they then formed. The convention, which was composed of the 
leading men of the state, was large and enthusiastic, and was considered 
by all a perfect success. IVi.r. Potter's lecture was thoroughly advertised as 
one of the leading features of the convention, and Mr. Potter informed me 
that in his judgment ours was the best convention which had yet come to 
his knowledge. 

No attempt was made to keep the wheelmen in the background, and 
the state board of officers of the Minnesota Division were delegates to the 
convention and took an active part in it. I was led to take this "open and 
above board attitude " by the disgust and chagrin which I felt when attend- 
ing a good roads convention in a neighboring state, where the opposite 
policy was pursued; where the wheelmen helped pay the expenses of the 
convention but were afraid to have it known, and where I was informed 
they might have had Mr. Potter present to aid them if they had not been 
afraid it might injure the cause to have so prominent an L. A. W. man 
take part in the convention. 

Roasted the Board of Trade. 

I resolved then and there to have Mr. Potter present at our convention 
if it was possible to get him, and that wheelmen should receive their due 
share of credit. lam ashamed to confess that the Minneapolis board of 
trade declined to assist me, and that they declined to endorse Colonel 
Pope's petition on the ground that it was in the interest of "them bicycle 
fellers." The consequence was, the board of trade was "roasted to a turn" 
by the leading papers of the state and lost standing and influence for its 
attitude among the most influential and wealthy men in Minneapolis. 

The time is past for the L. A. W. to skulk in the background when 
doing the foremost work of the day. If the wheelmen will conduct them- 
selves like men they need not be afraid of their shadows. The roads move- 
ment cannot be crushed nor materially retarded by men who oppose it 
because wheelmen work for it. The only thing that will be crushed will 
be those short sighted, narrow minded men who show by their foolish 
opposition that they have neither brains nor influence sufficient to mate- 
rially retard or help any movement which has greater dimensions than 
their infinitesimal minds. 

Minneapolis, Minn., February 6. 

A. B. Choate. 



INTERESTING CLIPPINGS. 



Speaks a Good Word For France. 
The success of the international championships rests with France, 
thinks Wheeling, one of England's representative weeklies. If France re- 
fuses to fall into line, it says in effect, the championships will fall through. 
" The so-called International Championship Association could, of course, 
have done without Spain, for, as far as we all know, that interesting coun- 
try does not possess any exceptionally good cyclists; but without France 
the Association may as well ' put up the shutters ' so far as ever being able 
to hold a genuine international championship." Continues this paper, 
" England (with which, of course, we include Scotland and Ireland), 
France, and America have the fastest riders. If France won't join, the 
scheme as a do?ia fide one must fail. We pointed out the grave difficulties 
in a previous article, and now regret that a practically fatal one has arisen." 

The Official Organ. 

The L. A. W., which, in full, is League of American Wheelmen, is a 
mighty organization, composed of some thirty-five thousand of the repre- 
sentative wheelmen of America. It has been the prime factor in the agita- 
tion of the road question. For the past few years the members of the 
League have been very much dissatisfied with the publication which is 
furnished to them as the official organ. The apology for a paper, both in 
literary excellence and general make-up, bears the euphonious name of 
Bicycling World and L. A. W. Bulletin, surely of sufficient length to 
assure a good journal. The paper is furnished to the L. A. W. members in 
consideration of a portion of their League dues. So far as the price is con- 
cerned, there would be no objection: but the wheelmen are not desirous of 
even receiving a publication which is not worthy of a place in a waste- 
basket. As the paper is published by a private company under contract 
with the League, excellence is not the aim, but to secure advertising and 
barely enough of a poor quality of reading matter to insure its passage 
through the mails at second-class rates, seems to be the extent of the pub- 
lishers' ambitions. 

The editor of the Argonaut is a member of the League of American 



Wheelmen, and dislikes to give the "OflScial Organ" a place in his already 
over-crowded waste-basket. The paper is intended for the guidance of 
members of the organization who are anxious of informing themselves as 
to the business transacted by the League, applications received, and other 
mattersof more or less importance. Speaking of applications: The prim- 
ary object of the publication of these is solely for protection of members 
against undesirable persons who seek to gain admittance and secure the 
privileges extended to the L. A. W. Almost, it seems, to defeat this plan, 
the publishers of the Bi. World neglect to give the addresses of applicants 
for membership; and in so doing deprive the members of a right which is 
given them, and which they should possess. * * * — Des Moines Argo- 
naut. 

That Asphalt Road. 

Col. Pope's road-improvement plans take shape in the proposal for a 
paved roadway from New York to Chicago. No doubt Chicagoans will 
subscribe liberally, feeling it to be missionary work to help easterners on 
wheels to get out to Chicago. — Boston Transcript. 

If an asphalt road be constructed from New York to Chicago, it should 
by all means be extended through the garden of the west — the region in 
the vicinity of Kansas City. Eastern bicyclers who never get beyond 
Chicago miss the prettiest tours on the continent. — Kansas City Star. 

When an asphalt road thirty feet wide has been built from New York 
to Chicago for the benefit of cyclists and couriers, railroad tracks will be at 
a discount as promenades, and perhaps farmers will realize that it is a far 
better investment to sink money in roads than wagons in mud. — Pittsburg 
Dispatch. 

IMPRESSIONS OF AN EVERY-DAY MAN. 

I have been wandering about for some weeks in a tract of country 
which is supposed to be civilized; at least the maps put it down as being a 
central portion of the United States, and it has been settled for more than 
a hundred years. Moreover, its inhabitants are thrifty and its soil has 
yielded up to man more wealth than the fabled Golconda could boast. It 
has more natural advantages than any portion of the country of the same 
size; but all of these things have not been sufficient to make it habitable for 
one who knows and must needs enjoy the advantages of the nineteenth 
century. Its railroad facilities are so poor that one is reminded of travel 
in central Georgia, Alabama or Texas. Its hotels, even in the larger 
cities, are travesties upon the name; its wagon roads are not roads at all 
but only tracks which are of no use during the greater part of the year. 
Even when these roads are at their best can horse power enough be applied 
to draw small burdens through the sand and mud and over the rocks and 
stumps during part of the year. 

Drummers and pleasure seekers alike shun the country and only enter 
it when compelled to do so. The bulk of the people are poor and unedu- 
cated, away from the railroads and remind one more of the dwellers in the 
woods of Arkansas than anything else. Cycling, even in cities with a pop- 
ulation of 5,000 and over, is almost an unknown quantity. There is no 
place to use a wheel and the promoters and writers who are working for 
good roads could find much material here for argument, for this section is 
and has been for more than one hundred years a living example of the 
demoralizing efiFects of poor highways upon a naturally bright population 
and naturally rich country. 

I Refer to Central and Western Pennsylvania. 

He who wanders up and down through the land as a missionary of 
commerce must needs see many things of interest, and if his mind is not 
too busy with his chase after the almighty dollar he is bound to store away 
much wisdom of a certain kind. Human nature is the same the world 
over; at least that part of it which I have seen (which, by the way, is no 
small part) and greater tragedy and more amusing comedy may be seen by 
the wayside if the eyes are but open, than has yet been produced upon the 
players' stage. But a few days ago I saw two Pullman coaches fall from a 
bridge and smash against the frozen earth like egg shells; yea, and helped lift 
through their broken sides the maimed and helpless victims of the accident — 
save the mark — and but yesterday I saw the train-men carry into the 
station two canvas stretchers, reeking with fresh, red blood — mute wit- 
nesses to the mortal agony of some other victims of an accident. Whether 
those they had borne were dead or only mangled I know not, but I thought 
of some mother or wife, some daughter or sweetheart — or, more pitiful 
still, some father or brother, some son or lover whose heart-strings were 
stretched nigh to breaking with grief and misery; some home that was 
silent and dark, or some grave whose yellow clods lay like billets of lead 
on aching hearts. He who puts his foot upon the back of the steam-driven 
monster 

Takes His Life in His Hand. 

Nay, if it were but his life 'twere little, but he runs the risk of fearful 
mutilation, a living death to which the actual would be a blessing. So 
much for the tragedy. 

The ground is covered with snow and ice, the walks are like glass. 
Yesterday, as I sat at the car window, a man and woman came tearing 
down the street in a race for the train. They were elderly people, muffled 
to the ears in coats and shawls; the woman was portly and short of breath 
and the man long and lean. Each carried a number of bundles and the 
man was leading by a neck. The conductor, who could rrot see them, 
shouted "all aboard," and the couple put on a spurt. Fate, in the guise of 
a slippery sidewalk, nipped her thread. The man slipped, struggled to 
regain his balance, moved his arms wildly in the air, scattering bundles in 
every direction and went down spread-eagle fashion. The woman clapped 
on brakes but could not stop. She collided with her fallen lord, uttered a 
piercing shriek and took a header, spilling groceries and dry goods all 
over the street. Before they could regain their feet the train pulled out 
and the last I saw of them they were wiping the mud and snow from each 
other and gazing regretfully upon their scattered merchandise. I hope 
that neither of them were injured, but no scene ever staged could equal 
their act in point of comicality. Bot,AV. 



THE BEARINGS. 




MAY come as a surprise to many to hear 
that the quiet, steady and strictly business- 
like treasurer of the Union Cycle Mfg. Co. 
has a hobby; yet even he is not exempt 
from all the allurements of pleasure as the 
following little incident will prove: 

Wood's HoU is about five hours ride 
from Boston and is a favorite fishing resort on Vineyard Sound. The tides, or 
rather currents, are considered the most dangerous to small craft on the 
East coast and can no more be depended on than the presidential election 
or Atchison stocks. The truth is that they ebb and flow in seven out of a 
possible five directions, and no mariner in that section of the Atlantic feels 
absolutely safe until he feels the hard, unmortgaged Massachusetts soil 
under his feet. To Wood's HoU one fine Autumn evening a party of 
three Bostonians steered their frail catboat, loaded with refreshments both 
solid and otherwise (the boat was loaded, not the trio) and a faultless out- 
fit of the latest fall style of fishing tackle, with the determination to make 
the bluefish feel very blue and fishy. After a pleasant sail, during which 
the location of part of the refreshments was changed, the catboat reached 
the vicinity of dangerous currents and at about the same time the breeze 
faded away until it caused no more ripple on the surface of the ocean than 
would the breath of calumny on the fair fame of a pure amateur. And 
now our navigators began to realize their peril. Caught by a swift and in- 
visible under current, the catboat began to sweep toward the rocks. They 
thought that their last hour had come — also the one before it — and each 
man instinctively seized a case of refreshment and prepared to spring into 
the briny the instant she struck, but fate had ordained it otherwise. These 
three beautiful and guileless lives were not destined to be thus ruthlessly 
squelched. A second current, stronger than the first, arrested the onward 
rush and a small breeze springing up from behind a friendly wave enabled 




fishers having full confidence in their ability to carry out their project, 
notwithstanding the fact that the compass showed three feet of water in 
the hold. All this time the party were standing in the swiftly running 
current, holding on to their boat like grim death, but with the departure of 
the steamer their trouble ceased; the dangerous parts were passed and a 
successful landing efiected, each congratulating the other on the extraordi- 
nary nerve displayed. 

This is but one of the many exciting fishing expeditions Mr. Measure 
has engaged in, and it is really worth while to hear him recount his adven- 
tures (all more or less true) on the stormy deep, and to see his sportsman's 
eye flash when telling of some deadly tussle with a six inch devil, which 
his remarkable skill had allured. They fight like fury and often it is an 
even thing whether the monster lands the man or the man the monster, 
especially if the man happens not to be in the pink of fighting condition. 
He says that only the true sportsman can appreciate the delight experi- 
enced when some leviathan is hauled to the surface to receive a whack on 
the snout with a base-ball club; a very necessary adjunct to the shark 
fisher's outfit. 

Since Mr. Measure made the East his place of business and residence 
his " naughtical " proclivities have wonderfully developed. He has free 
entry to all the Cunard boats plying between Boston and Liverpool and he 
displays a remarkable knowledge of the contents of their store rooms, be- 
ing at the same time hand in glove with most of the captains and stew- 
ards, and it is always more of a pleasure than a difliculty to him to invite 
his western friends to take a smile and drink to a safe passage of some 
noble Cunarder. 



He's a Chicagoan Now. 
Some people think that because a racing man is small he cannot ride 

fast. They are often mistaken, however, 
for Ede, Bliss and Mullikin have not only 
given ample proof to the contrary but 
have hustled some of the big men at 
times. Fred H. Brown, formerly of Chi- 
cago, belongs to this class. Brown is a 
little fellow, just about the size of Bliss. 
Last summer he won much glory and 
man}^ pots in Ohio and western New 
York. He won about $1,500 worth of 
prizes. At the Cleveland Wheel Club's 
^ W" SSB^ tournament in August he ran second to 

^^L, ▼ J^S'^' Zimmerman in the mile open, defeating 

■^SKw ^^^*5 A. L. Banker. Again he finished third to 

\?"W^ ^^&,',^ Zimmerman, Sanger being second, time, 

2:29 4-5. Brown has beaten Dorntge and 
other Bufialo riders, and was considered 
the best rider in Cleveland. He has come 
to Chicago to live and this year will ride 
under the colors of the Cook County 
Wheelmen, of which club he has been a non-resident member for some 
time. 




FBED H. BROWN. 



" Zimmerman ot Training." 

The above is the title of a book to be issued about March i , the first 
edition to be 3,000 copies. Will it sell ? It ought to, but the commercial 
history of books on cycling topics in America is not a safe criterion by 
which to gauge either the literary tastes of wheelmen or the popularity of 
an author. Mr. Zimmerman is deservedly a wonderfully popular man. 
That fact will remain unchanged whether he has an opportunity to issue a 
second edition of his book or not. Meantime, it is due to wish him success 
in his venture. The book will sell at 50 cents post-paid. In his prospectus, 
issued from Freehold, he says : 

" I will give short sketches of many of the most prominent riders, 
both American an English, and in many cases will give fine half-tone pic- 
tures of the men. I am also to give my own experience in training and 
racing, showing fully and I think clearly every detail of the work that a 
rider will encounter in order to fit himself for a racer. Also, an article on 
the many points upon which cyclists need information. Many books have 
been written on training but few of them have been written by men who 
practiced what the book taught. 

" I confess that I had no aspirations to be an author but I have been so 
frequently asked for my methods of training that at the suggestions of 
friends I have decided to put them in book form." 



them to tack towards a cleft in the rocks, through which they proposed to 
pull the catboat. On reaching the opening they found that the swiftly 
running current made it impossible for them to successfully make the land- 
ing and the necessity for stripping and taking the bull by the horns at once 
became apparent. No sooner proposed than done, and in a few moments 
our bold mariners were disporting themselves in the briny in the famous 
Eden costume, introduced in the year one. They had hardly commenced 
operations when, oh horrors ! a heavily loaded pleasure steamer, plying be- 
tween Wood's Holl and Nantucket, bore down upon them — as the captain 
subsequently explained, to render assistance. 

The steamer having been brought to a standstill, or to as nearly a 
standstill as was possible to any craft in those waters, the passengers in- 
stinctively rushed to the side of the boat and levelled their binoculars at 
the three unfortunates, who, when they found themselves the central 
attraction, submerged their bodies by common consent ; in the meantime 
they observed the officers of the steamer circulating amongst the passen- 
gers and evidently collecting a small fee from each to defray the cost of the 
show. 

At this critical moment one of the trio slipped on a treacherous stone, 
and had it not been for the dexterity of the subject of this true story in 
grabbing hold of his whiskers (he has not got a very good crop of hair), 
long enough for him to regain his feet, the bicycling industry would have 
been deprived of one of its brightest lights. After numerous wild gesticu- 
lations the steamer's captain was given to understand that all was well, the 



A BIT OF FUN. 



•Off His Wheel Base. 

Scene, Lunatic Asylum. Medical Examiner to Patient. — "What brings 
a healthy man like you to such a sad mental condition ?" 

Patient. — "Trying to decide which was the best bicycle, from the vari- 
ous advertisements. ' ' 

A Useful Invention. 
Patent No. 488,603 is for an apparatus for feeding calves. No modern 
club house is complete without one. Guaranteed to wean 'em. 



Light Repartee. 
His friend. — Is Simpson going to ride that light wheel? 
His enemy. — Yes, he is a featherweight as regards brains and I'm 
betting that the combination will win. 



Sympathy Expressed. 

Fitz Fluke. — They say that McDodger rode a crooked race yesterday. 

Y. M. C. A. — Leave him alone with his thoughts and he will doubtless 
repent. 

Fitz Fluke. — McDodger left alone with his thoughts — what a state of 
utter solitude — poor fellow. 



THE BEARINGS. 



MILITARY CYCLING. 



Bicycle Cavalry. 

The adoption of the bicycle in the national guards of the different 
states and territories appears to be a settled outcome of the near future. 
The state of Connecticut was the pioneer in this movement, and it is said 
that the bicycle corps of the first regime at of that state is already well 
drilled and in a good state or pro ficiency. The latest effort towards the 
adoption of the bicycle in volunteer methods and tactics has been made at 
the national capital, where a movement is now under way to form a cavalry 
bicycle corps, says the Boston Advertiser. In many ways this new 
departure seems commendable, especially in view of the fact that 
the British army has already made a successful trial of the new 
arm of the service and has formally adopted it in light cavalrj' 
work. The bicycle is at its best in Washington, where the miles of 
smooth pavements have served to bring it into quite general use, and it 
would seem that if the instrument is to receive a real test it could better 
be tried in connection with the volunteer force of the District of Columbia, 
under the eye of the secretary of war, than in any other place. 

If the experiment of the district militia proves a success, the adoption 
of the bicycle for regular army use will probably follow. The machines 
which seem to be best adapted for use in this country are "safeties" of not 
over 75 pounds in weight, including the light rifle and ammunition, as well 
as the few tools necessary for use on the machine. The rifles are carried 
in firm rests, which extend almost on the centre of the machine to the 
right of the rider. The machine is also equipped with signal flags, which 
are fastened in front, with the knapsack, while from the light pigskin sad- 
dle hangs a small pocket for storing ammunition and tools. The bicycles 
are so constructed as to unite durability with comparative lightness and 
economy of space. In many respects the development of such a service is 
to be desired, especially in the national guard, whose work is supposed to 
be mapped out with a view to the defence of the more thickly settled por- 
tions of the community, where the roads are supposed to be kept in a fair 
condition. The indirect result of such a military development in the 
several states might even be the creation of a general public sentiment in 
favor of better roads, a consummation so thoroughly to be desired that the 
movement towards a bicycle cavalry should be encouraged even for that 
reason alone, if for no other. 



From the " Guardsman." 
Cycling has become one of the most popular American sports, and its 
uses have been very little understood, except by those who have become 
interested. The indications are that this coming summer will demonstrate 
very plainly that they will be appreciated in the Guard and will receive 
great attention. While in some states they do not receive any assistance 
by way of appropriations, still they are encouraged in the progressive spirit 
of the forces, and having won a place, will receive popular recognition. 
The practical application of the cycle to purposes never intended for this 
machine, but to those that come every day in the life of the soldier, to 
whom it has been very useful indeed. Its future will be further developed 
in the coming encampments of the Guard throughout the United States 
and no doubt each regiment will have a corps. Action in camp with one 
of these machines and the surprising utility and enjoyment, besides the 
work that can be accomplished will convert most anyone to the possibilities 
that have not as yet been developed. Most all of its trials in this connec- 
tion have been experimental. But they have been so satisfactory as to 
warrant further trials on a more extended scale. — National Guardsman. 



Is the Baltimore Corps Eligible? 
The military cyclists of Baltimore are ready to apply for admission to 
the National Guard. There is a hitch caused by a difference of opinion 
regarding the numeral strength of the National Guard of the state. 
Colonel Howard thinks that the limit specified by the last legislature has 
been reached, while Major Robinson, of the Second Battalion, thinks there 
is yet room for another company. The matter will be investigated at once. 
If there is yet room for another company application for admission will be 
made, but in case there is not, Colonel Howard will make an effort to have 
an act passed by the general assembly providing for the additional force. 



Duke of Connaught on Military Cycling. 
The Duke of Connaught addressed a volunteer cycling corps in Eng- 
land recently. He referred to the corps in the following terms: "I must 
congratulate the cyclists' detachment on the great success they attained at 
Bisley. The cyclists are quite a new institution in our service, but they 
have made very rapid strides, and I am certain, from what I saw during 
the mobilization maneuvres, if I may so call them, in the Isle of Wight, 
that as orderlies and scouts they will be of great use for the defence of this 
country, and I am sure that those men who belong to them have proved 
themselves not only good bicycle riders but good shots." These remarks 
are very significant of the fact that the advantages of cycling are at last 
impressing themselves on the minds of the English war authorities. 



To Form a Corps in California. 
It is proposed by national guardsmen of California to establish a bicycle 
battalion as a part of the National Guard of the state. The proposition is 
meeting with a good deal of support. 



STRAY SHOTS. 



There is no cycling club at Battle Creek, one of the liveliest little cities 
in Michigan. 

Each of the members of the Pauline Hall Opera Company is a bicycle 
rider, it is said. 

O. W. Lawson is organizing a party to tour from L/Ouisville to the 
Kentucky meet at Harrodsburg, June 27-28. 

The Business Men's Cycle Club, of Detroit, is discussing the proposed 
amalgamation with the Detroit Wheelmen. 

The Milwaukee Wheelmen are making preparations for an indoor race 
meet, to be held June 2-3, in the Exposition Building. 

Henry Pallister and Edward Nash, of Ottumwa, la., will winter in 
Florida. They started for that sunny clime last week, taking their wheels 
with them. 

The first reception and dance of the Tourist Wheelmen, of Omaha, 
Neb., January 25, was a success, several hundred of Omaha's society leaders 
being present. 

Princeton College undergraduates will not be allowed to join any out 
side athletic organization. This will prevent George A. Banker and other 
cyclists from riding for any outside club. 

J. S. Thayer, vice consul of the California Division, passed through 
Chicago this week, on his way to the National Assembly, where he will 
make a fight to secure the formation of a Southern California Divisioii. 
Mr. Thayer is very hopeful and carries a pocketful of proxies. He called 
at this office on Monday. 

Twenty of the old members of the Detroit Wheelmen who left that 
club recently have formed the Cadillac Wheel Club. A. H. Griffiths, 
J. M. Bresler, W. E. Metzger and S. B. Huber are among the charter mem- 
bers. The club emblem will be an elliptical sprocket wheel, with 20 spokes 
representing the 20 charter members. 

The Chicago Printer of January contains interesting opinions from 
twenty-one American newspaper men and women, compiled by Chas. 
Ritch Johnson, of Toledo, on the subject of physical exercise. The methods 
described vary from sawing wood and running to catch suburban trains 
to the most modern recreation, cycling. 

The wheelman of today is not the winter rider that the old-timer was. 
Now and then one runs across one of the old stagers who still rides and in 
a large proportion of cases he is found to be as fond of riding over the 
crunching snow as of yore. John A. Pallister, now a dealer in Ottun.wa, 
Iowa, is of that class. He has been riding all winter and on New Year's 
Day completed a century without undue fatigue, though he had to do con- 
siderable walking on account of snow drifts. 



COURTESIES OF THE ROAD, 





Tramp: I say, young feller, throw up yer hands — quick! 



Cyclist: Certainly — biff— that's my right and — bang — this is my left. 



THE BEARINGS. 




f ; GOTHAM HAP PENINGS. 

What the Racing Men Do and Say. 

New York Feb. 6. — I encountered Zimmerman the other day and 
incidentally tried to draw him out on the cash prize topic, but he was as 
uncommunicative as a dumb man. Meeting Zimmerman recalled to my 
mind a conversation I had with him some months ago, when indefinite 
rumors only were afloat relative to a professional association. He then 
remarked to me that while not over favorable to racing for cash he would 
do so provided he could see any positive chance of earning say $to,ooo in a 
year. No doubt he meant clear of his expenses. Considering the attitude 
the racing men maintain toward the new association jhows clearly that to 
procure the prominent men possibly some cash will have to be disbursed 
other than for the prize money. The cash prize people hint that they 
have money to burn, and some of the penetrating capitalists who are ever 
ready to lend their capital to any scheme showing the faintest chances of 
success, maintain that the National Cyclists Association will burn consider- 
able money from which there will be no return. 

William Windle was in Gotham last week. He looked very well but 
was a trifle stout. He afSrms that he will shortly commence training for 
this season's events, and will be found in the class B department. He is 
very strongly opposed to cash prizes. 

The scathing tirade which Casper Whitney launched against the 
Racing Board in Harper's Weekly has provoked considerable comment. 
To understand Mr. Whitney it is necessary to know him personally. He 
is a man imbued with the college spirit of athletics and cannot tolerate any 
thing that has the faintest tendency to professionalize sport. I don't think 
that he thoroughly understands the growth and spread of cycling and 
therefore does not judiciously consider to what straits the Racing Board 
has been put to frame rules to meet with cycling's advance. Mr. Whitney's 
duties are confined principally to recording college sports, where the 
sphere is small and infrequently tainted with avaricious athletes. 

It can be asserted with a great degree of positiveness that the Manhat- 
tan Athletic Club will have no representatives upon the cycle path this 
season. The reason is obvious. The present financial difiiculties of the cherry 
diamond organization some persors think will be tided over, but individ- 
uals who are conversant with the interior workings of the club predict its 
downfall and utter ruination. The talk of re-organization sounds very 
well, but when it comes to the point of again building up the Manhattan 
A. C. I think I am not far wrong in assuming that men desirous of being 
enrolled upon the new roster will be scarce. Injudicious management 
brought about the downfall of the famous New York Bicycle Club and the 
same fault can be attributed to the present predicament of the M. A. C. 

The announcement has been made that an association of clubs has 
been formed in Buffalo. Well, let it be hoped that the new organization 
up the state will display a usefulness that is lacking in the Metropolitan 
Association of Cycling Clubs of this city. 

The Metropolitan Association which has now been in existence over 
twelve months has only succeeded in making itself heard of twice — and 
then only in holding theatre parties. When the wheelmen of the Metro- 
politan districts banded themselves together under the title of the Metro- 
politan Association of Cycling Clubs it was with the avowed purpose of 
taking hold and pushing all projects tending to the common benefit of 
cycling, but how poorly this object has been carried out is unfortunately 
but too well known. The M. A. of C. C. would be as useful out of existence 



A Few Chicago Items. 

Chicago, Feb. 6. -Skaters on the broad boulevards of Chicago have not 
been an unusual sight during the last fortnight. Within that period, this 
city has been visited by all kinds of weather, with a quantity of unclassi- 
fied, hybrid variations almost without number. Through it all the side- 
walks and streets have been so slippery as to make pedestrianism ludicrous. 
It is not generally believed, though it is true, that the rider of a bicycle 
can venture where a walker would fall. The writer saw a cyclist, closely 
muffled with overcoat and mittens, ploughing his way against a stiff wind, 
along a slippery street, one morning last week. Other people at the "1," 
road station saw him and there was a general outcry: "There goes a 
bicycle rider." "The darned fool." "Bet he's half frozen," etc. 

Club matters move along quietly. The Cook County Wheelmen have 
signed a lease for their new $50,000 house and expect to occupy it on May 
1. They have 150 members and applications are coming in rapidly. 

The Lincoln Cycling Club have an enormous cherry-wood pipe, 
recently brought from England by A. J. Marrett. The bowl holds four 
ounces of tobacco, and when the Litter is of good quality the perfume im- 
parted to it by the wood is delicious. This pipe is filled and lighted for 
the special edification of visitors, who take a few whiflfs, after which it is 
passed around, Indian fashion. 

The Walter Emerson Concert Co., one of the most noted organizations 
of its kind and one which specially seeks cycling patronage, will perform 
at Rosalie Hall on February 15, under the auspices of the Chicago C. C. 
Admission 50 cents; reserved seats 25 cents extra. Everybody and his 
friends are invited. Mr. Emerson is considered by his admirers to be 
equal if not superior to Levy as a cornettist. Among the solo specialties of 
the company are violin, piano, soprano, elocution, etc. The company in- 
cludes Florence Crook, Harriet Cheney, Edward M. Shoner, Edith Lewis 
Smith and several others. 



Cleveland Wants a Track. 

Cleveland, Feb. 6. — The weather is horrible and even the confirmed 
mud plugger stays in out of the wet and news is scarce in consequence. 
The cash prize league has excited no comment here and nobody takes the 
least interest in it, the probability of having an association track here be- 
ing very slim. There is considerable agitation here for a half mile track, 
however, which is needed badly, and the probabilities are that we will 
have one, provided a suitable plat of ground can be leased for a term of 
years at a nominal rental. 

The Cleveland Wheel Club expects to have a new club house shortly. 
A handsome building near Euclid avenue has been ofiered and will proba- 
bly be accepted. The Cleveland Lady Cyclists gave a farewell ball to 
their friends Monday evening. There was a large attendance. Talk of re- 
organizing the club has been heard, but there is nothing definite. — C. G. R_ 



Chicago to New York. 

Editor The Bearings: Will you kindly give me a rough route 
from Chicago to New York, and oblige, Warren B. Stout, Newark, N. J. 

There are two routes. One way is by Cleveland, Buffalo, Rochester, 
Syracuse, Utica and Albany, while the other covers Detroit, London, 
Hamilton, Niagara Falls, Buffalo and on. 



From the Lone Star State. 
San Antonio, Tex., Feb. i. — Our club is still increasing at the rate of 
six or eight new members per month. We gave a corn cob smoker last 
month, which was very successful, and will give a lantern parade and en- 
tertainment on Washington's birthday. Cycling is on the boom at pres- 
ent. Two new bicycle agencies were opened last week, making four in all, 
and a rough estimate would place the number of wheels sold during Janu- 
ary at fifty. It seems as though everybody intends to ride a wheel this 
year.— G. W. 



Riding in The Snow. 
Kansas City, Mo., Feb. 2. — The local wheelmen have been having 
their first experience of riding in the snow. They evidently like it as 
more wheels have been seen on the streets lately than at any other time 
this winter. The Kansas City Cyclists are going in for boxing, and they 
are being taught the manly art of self-defense by Prof. Hillyard. This 
club gave three very successful card parties this winter and have several 
entertainments on their programme. 



Cycling in Grand Rapids Flourishing. 
Grand Rapids, Mich., Feb. 4. — The Grand Rapids Bicycle Club moved 
into its new club rooms in the Masonic Building last Thursday. The 
dancing hall, 75x30 feet, will also be used as a gymnasium. A grand open- 
ing ball will be held February 9. The club now has a membership of 150 
and has a snug surplus in the treasury. 



Milan Places Restrictions on the G. O. O. 
Bicycles of two or more wheels are considered to be carriages in Milan, 
Italy. It is not stated what one-wheeled cycles are called. Another order 
is that safeties may be ridden anywhere except in one street (the Corse 
Vittorio Enimanuele) but ordinary bicycles may only be ridden in certain 
thoroughfares. Brakes are compulsory. Private machines are taxed ten 
shillings, machines for hire oniy being taxed four shillings. Military 
cycles and machines in stock for sale are exempt. 




THINGS ARE NOT ALWAYS WHAT THEV SEEM. 



THE BEARINGS. 



The 



New Favorite.!*' ""■""Ji^*^"""'- 



Already the new Century Columbia has become 
very popular as shown by the attention it received at 
the Cycle Show, and is now constantly receiving at 
our salesrooms and agencies. 




Century Columbia, Model 32. 

In its construction one of the excellencies of the '92 Century are 
omitted, and among the valuable changes are a longer wheel base, deeper 
steering head, special rear band brake, hollow felloes, elliptical sprocket 
wheel and Columbia] pneumatic tires. Its weight, all on, is 40 pounds; 
and strips to 33 pounds. For an all around road wheel it has no equal. 

We would call to mind the extremely fine record of our '92 Century, 
and predict a yet more successful season for this, our '93 wheel. Even 
if you have a bicycle and do not intend to buy this year, it will pay you 
to go out of your way to examine the Century Columbia, Model 32. 



POPE MFG. CO. 



BOSTON. 



NEW YORK. 



CHICAGO. 



HARTFORD. 



The Fame of the Columbia Bicycles 
Travels the World Aronnd, ] 



London, January 5, 1893. 
Dear Col. Pope: 

My new "safety " has at last reached me in all safety 
after its adventures by sea. Need I say that it was a moat 
welcome appearance. I have been " off " the machine for 
some time past and a new mount on this incomparable 
beauty is a luxury which I even never experienced on the 
old but magnificent "Expert" which I became attached to 
and which I rode up and down this land with such pride. 
I do not know why it Is, but with all the excellencies of the 
various English machines and the good workmanship there 
is In them, there is a chic in your machine which attracts 
attention in the same way that one of Worth's or Redfem's 
gowns on a handsome woman causes even old hands'to turn 
about and ^look. Already on the streets and roads thl» 
beautiful machine attracts attention among the hundreds 
of others which go sailing by. At first my vanity was 
aroused, and I thought it must be at me or my graceful (?) 
riding that the people fgazed (wholly on account of my 250 
lbs.,) but alas, I have found out that it Is the machine that 
interests them and not the rider. But all pleasantry aside, 
the machine seems to me to be^about fperfection in make 
ana style, and as for " going" qualities it is simply beyond 
words tojdescribe the^deliciousness'of its movement. With 
English r oads and Columbia or Pope bicycle this world would 
be, so far as locomotion is concerned, only short of.tbe idea, 
suggested byJBulwer in the "Coming ^Race," whose motive 
force is "vril." 

j k You know I am an old votary of the wheel and have from 
the first ridden one of your machines, and though I have 
been on many wlieels of many kinds, I am frank to say that 
in my judgment, for stiffness of construction, facility and 
ease of movement, and beauty of appearance, there are no 
machines in the world to compare with yours. May you 
hve long to make machines, and men and boys happy, 
healthy and wise by the intelligent use of this delightful 
form of exercise. By the way I wish to congratulate you 
on the splendid work you are doing in respect of poking up 
our people on the subject of roads. 

Yours most sincerely, 

(Rey,) Geo. F. Pentacoss'. 



Florence, Italy, Dec. 29.1892. 
Pope Mpo. Co., 

Gentlemen: The "Columbia" bicycle haa comethrougb 
this country and met with admiring ones on all sides. . . . 
The reason for this excitement in bicycle circles Is that I 
am a possessor of a "Century Co umbia" and it Is undoubt- 
edly the best machine In this city of flowers. 
Very truly yours, 

Elmer Ernest Count, 

U Lung 'Arno Acciajoll. 



1380 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, O., Jan. 12, 1893. 
CoL. Pope, President Columbia Bicycle Co., 

My Dear Sir: Last summer I purchased of your agents 
here a "Columbia Century Pneumatic" No. 3497. As I was 
starting Aug. 8th on a thousand mile tour through Canada, 
the White Mountains, etc., Harry Smith of the "Davis A 
Hunt Co." said, "There, Dr. Berger, that wheel will carry 
you a thousand miles without tightening a nut, altering a 
bearing, or needing a second inflation of its tires." It 
seemed to me like a preposterous boast, as I am a pretty 
hard rider and weigh 190 pounds. 

His words were fulfilled to the letter. I rode through 
Canada, crossing the border at Montreal, all throiigh the 
passes of the White and Franconia Mountains, nearly the 
whole length of the State of New Hampshire, and a goodly 
distance in Massachusett.s and New York, over all sorts of 
roads, clay, sand, stone, mud, sometimes three Inches deep, 
and over many miles of railroad crossties, and completed a 
record of 1,002 miles without a sign of accide'nt or fracture, 
without the loss of a minute's time to tighten a nut or alter 
a bearing, and wlthoutthe need of a second inflation of the 
tires. To clean off the mud and oil at intervals was all that 
I did to keep my bonny wheel in perfect condition, and the 
la^t mile ran as delightfully as the flrst. I never even gave 
punctures a thought, but dashed [right ahead wherever I 
wanted to go. I kept careful daily record of every mile run 
and the performance of the wheel seemed so wonderful that 
I thought entitled to the story, to make any use of It you 
please. Sincerely and gratefully yours, 

Martin L. Beroer, 
Pastor of Park ''oug. Cliurch ofOlcvland. 



Mention THK bearings. 



THE BEARINGS. 



IT IS NOW 

THAT THE SHREWD DEALER 

Forsees the inevitable demand for Featherweight W^heels and looks about for a line 
that will not only fill the bill in this particular, but also reflect credit on his judgment and add 
lustre to his business reputation. For reasons that we sh ill be happy to explain to you upon 
n*v receipt of trade card .... 

-H&Helical Tube Premiers 

meet these requirements better than any other make Actlial Weights, all Oil I 

Racer, iS}4 lbs. Road Racer, 27 lbs. Ladies, 30 lbs. Roadster, 32 lbs. 

Don't wait— Messrs. See-about-it and Think-it-over will see their territory flooded with 
Premiers by a more energetic competitor. Send two-cent stamp for the handsomest and most 



unique Catalogue ever issued. 



PREMIER CYCLE CO., 

844 and 846 EIGHTH AVENUE, 

■ NE:^A^ YORK. 



THE SCORCHER SYLPH, Model D. 



IT COMBINES 



HIGHEST GRADE. RIGID FRAME. WEIGHT 30 POUNDS. 




The Proper Lines, 

The Correct Proportions, 

The Most Perfect Adjustments, 

The Least Weight with the Greatest Strength. 

IN SHORT, it is the nearest perfection yet attained in a cycle of its weight and design. 

I fiOUSE-DURYEA CYCLE CO., 

* 142 G STREET, PEORIA, ILL. 




Scorchers and hard road riders who prefer a light weight, rigid frame machine are invited to investigate. Its 
special features were the subject of much favorable comment at the Philadelphia Cycle Show, and the cycling 
papers have given it flattering notices. FOR GENUINE PLEASURE AND COMFORT for all sorts of riders, over 
all sorts of roads, cobble stone pavements included, the Spring Frame Sylph in either Diamond or Drop frame 
is absolutely without an equal. We would be glad to mail you a catalogue free telling all about Sylph cycles. 
Good Agents wanted in ijnoccupied Territory. 



WEIGHT 38 LBS. 



THE OVERLAND ROADSTER NO. I 

HANDSOME IN DESIGN. HIGH IN GRADE. 



PRICE $125.00. 



The Overland proved such a popular medium- 
priced safety, and found so ready sale last 
season, we have added several new patterns to 
the line for 1893. As manufacturers of these 
wheels, we stand back of them with our 13 
years' experience in the cycle trade, and the 
confidence that they will give complete satis- 
faction, also prove the greatest money-maker 




Price. 
$125.00 



for the dealer on the market. We offer the 
following patterns: 

Overland Roadster, No. 1 , Pneumatic 
Ladies' Overland, No. 2, Pneumatic 

Overland, No. 3, Pneumatic 

Ladies' Overland, No. 4, Pneumatic 
Ladies' Overland, No. 4, Cushion. . . 



125.00 

100 00 

100.00 

90.00 



Agents, Dealers and Wheelmen looking for a strictly high grade, medium-priced Safety are invited to correspond with us. 

Agents wanted throughout the United States. Catalogue Free. 



BOUSE, HAZARD & Co., 142 G STREET, PEORIA, ILL, Manulacturers, Importers and Jobbers. 



THE BEARINGS. 



IT WAS A HOT RACE. 



How Edge Came Near Beating Holbein. 

T. A. Edge, editor of British Sport, as all cyclists know, holds the 
Land's End record. He is a veteran and has won many prizes on both 
road and track. In his paper he has been printing a series of interesting 
reminiscences. Edge is one of the few Englishmen who can write inter- 
estingly on old times. In his last paper he tells how he nearly defeated 
Holbein in a twenty-four hour road race. He tells his story in the follow- 
ing language: 

I don't think I shall ever forget my race with Holbein m the North 
Road 24 hours in 1890. About seven o'clock in the morning I went to 
pieces, and Holbein got away from me, as he had done before, earlier in 
the day. I rode on, feeling very queer until about nine o'clock, when I 
picked up, and from that time to the finish rode as fast as I had done at 
any part of the journey. I found myself gradually gaining on Holbein, 
which infused new life into me. The course for the race had not been 
mapped out long enough, and we were sent several short journeys from 
Biggleswade and back to make up our distance. Biggleswade was in a 
state of excitement that night. Each time I came in and out of the town 
the noise and uproar were such, they tell me, as had never been seen for 
years in that usually quiet little place. I was gaining on Holbein fast, and 
in one of the journeys had picked up a very considerable distance. I con- 
stantly met Holbein, for if he went from, say Biggleswade to Potten and 
back, I would meet him shortly before I got to Potten. He had been there 
and was returning. I rode in a state of greater excitement than I have 
ever done in my life. I put in every ounce I could for the last three hours. 
At times my pacemakers could not go fast enough. I thought there was a 
possibility of winning the race, and I had determined to try hard. Three- 
quarters of a mile behind and three-quarters of an hour to ride ! I was 
then riding between Girtford Bridge and Henlow Crossing, going in my 
best form. Holbein, I could see when he passed after turning at Girtford 
Bridge, was going very groggy, and I heard he had taken champagne at 
various places, so I thought that any minute he might "crack" up alto- 
gether, I rode fiendishly, Dangerfield, Dan Albone, and several local men 
pacing their best with noses on the handle-bars. 

"You've no chance. Tommy, so don't distress yourself," yelled Char- 
ley Larrette, who, with G. P. Mills on a tandem, turned at quarter to 
twelve. I took no notice, but went faster and faster, on the chance that 
Holbein might "crack" before 12 o'clock, and I knew if he did victory was 
certain. 

"What are those lights in front?" I yelled. 

"Holbein," shrieked the crowd. 

"Faster, faster," I shouted to my pace-makers. 

I inquired the time. 

"Three minutes to 12," came the answer. 

Holbein was only a hundred yards ahead, apparently going very slowly. 

I felt mad with excitement. I actually sprinted as I had never done in 
short distance races, and, leaving my pacemakers literally standing still, 
rode past Holbein and his helpmates, and away into the darkness beyond, 
until I thought the three minutes were finished. I waited a little while, 
and Holbein and others came up. I held out my hand, and was about to 
offer my sympathies at his ill-luck, when he said: 

"Tommy, old boy, it was a close shave; and only that you were turned 
short, you would have won." 

Then I grasped what really was the truth. I had been turned short at 
one of the extra distances and had lost. — - j 

But I think I was rather pleased than otherwise, for as I shot past Hoi 
bein at three minutes to twelve, I thought what a bitter blow it would b( 
to him to have victory thus snatched from his grasp. 



be 



Aligning Frames. 

As this is the age of light wheels, it is not astonishing to see the greater 
number of the machines ridden today "out of line." Does your wheel 
steer badly, and are you unable to ride hands off? Are your wheels out of 
track, and does your chain insist on running off at times? If so your wheel 
is probably out of line, and I will endeavor to give a few instructions neces- 
sary to true a frame and fork. | — — ; 

First, remove the chain and apply a straight-edge to the side of the 
sprocket wheels to see if they are in line. If not, the driving wheel may 
be removed and the rear tubes sprung over until the sprockets line per- 
fectly. Clamp the wheel central in the frame, and apply the straight-edge 
along the sides of the rear tire and see if the ball cases at the head are 
central. This must be done both above and below in order to discover 
any twist in the frame. Should the head not line with the rear wheel it 
must be sprung by slightly bending the tubes just forward of the saddle 
post bracket and yoke forgings. To do this, place the rear of the frame 
on a bench resting on the rear axle, crank axle, and saddle post bracket 
With this in line examine the front fork by using the straight-edge on the 
front wheel in the same manner, and line with the head cone or handle 
bar"T." Should the base of the wheel hang to the right— the wheel 
being central in the forks— the left fork side must be filed to admit of the 
axle coming farther up. This will throw the top of the wheel nearer the 
right fork side; consequently the forks must both be sprung toward the 
left to bring the wheel central in the fork again. Then apply the straight 
edge, and file and spring until the head cone comes central, and if your 
head is adjusted to work perfectly free and your saddle exactly central over 
the frame, you can ride "hands off," and your wheel will ride like an 
entirely different machine. At all events the plane of the front wheel 
must coincide with the head center line. 

Toledo, O., January 16. Wapsy 



Bicycling News want-s the negro recognized. It says that 'if a colored 
man can be found who is fast enough to beat all other amateurs, let him be 
acknowledged champion of the world. It hopes that the L. A W will 
not bar out the negro. 



Cycling in India. 
The Free Press, published at Singapore, India, recently published the 
following article on ladies and cycling, which was republished in the 
Herald, at Kobe, China: "The unwonted spectacle of a young lady bicyc- 
list, accompanied by a gentleman, also on a bicycle, might have been 
witnessed on the Esplanade road this morning (October 26.) To those 
who think there is anything out of keeping in the use of the bicycle by 
ladies it is enough to remark that this mode of exercise is now becoming 
quite general in England, and it is generally admitted that it entails a 
much less physical strain than the use of the tricycle. One great problem 
in the East is hew European women can be provided with sufficient physi- 
cal exercise to maintain them in health. A fair number play lawn tennis, 
and a few ride. But the excellence of our suburban, and, for the matter of 
that, urban roads furnishes a strong inducement for ladies in Singapore — 
those at least who have not yet attained the amplitude that is associated 
with dowagerial dignity — to take to this very pleasant pursuit. A neat cos- 
tume, with blue serge skirt of sufficient length, will enable a fair cyclist to 
enjoy her outing on wheels with comfort to herself. 



"British Sport's " Warning. 
British Sport sounds a note of warning to the English racing men. 
After describing the Americans who will visit Great Britain this year it 
says: "Really we shall have to be careful. Even Frank Shorland will have 
to pull up his socks if these things be true. And although they may be 
playful exaggerations, it is still worth while keeping an eye on the trio 
should they land in England for the big race. For, after all, why shouldn't 
the Americans be rattling good men? Stephane and other French profes- 
sors have conclusively proved that there are others than Englishmen who 
can stay, and so we would suggest that in both departments — among those 
who fly at N. C. U. championship honors and all-day grinders-^every 
attention should be paid to the business of winning. Both classes may 
take a leaf out of the book of the history of the '89 championships, when 
Syuyer and Osmond, underrating the value of Lehr's spurt, lost the blue 
ribbon of the track to the Teuton." , 



■What Washington Claims. 

Here are a few things claimed by Washington, D. C: 

The first regularly enlisted company of military cyclers in the United 
States. Membership to date, forty-three. 

One of the ol.dest bicycle clubs in existence — the Capital Bicycle Club 
organized April 7, 1879. This club owns considerable property, including 
a $50,000 club house. 

The largest division membership in the L. A. W. in proportion to the 
number of square miles and the number of people residing therein. 

One of the first bicycle clubs to admit lady members. This honor is 
claimed by the Nomad Cycle Club, 

That it has held the most successful annual League meet. 

The pioneer lady rider, Mrs. J. Charles Smith, who rode the first 
ladies' wheel ever built in this country. 

That 150 messenger boys use the wheel exclusively in their business; 
that 80 mail collectors ride on wheels paid for by the government ani that 
a platoon of police are mounted on wheels. 

Thirteen thousand wheelmen, 500 wheelwomen and 250 miles of 
asphalt paving are the remaining claims. And yet they say Washington 
is a slow town. — Kil Posie. 

A Veteran. 
One of the oldest active cyclists in the country is Mr. John Lister, of 
Passaic Falls, N. J. He is over 60 years of age, a veteran of the war, and 
once rode 180 miles in two days. Last year he rode over 4,000 miles. 



John S. Johnson is winning much glory as a skater. Last Sunday he 
lowered the five mile amateur skating record at Minneapolis, lowering the 
record of 15:36 2-5 to 15:204-5. Johnson has. gone to Red Bank, N. J., 
to compete in the national tournament. 



The color of rubber tire, of course, should be the purple of Tyre. 



ON LONDON ASPHALT. 




4\ 



Cycler: — This is the sort of quiet 
spin I enjoy. 



Cycler: — Ah! would yer? 

— From Cycling. 



THE BEARINGS. 



Hill Cvcle Mfe. Co. 



ivi/^pce: t^ihle: 



Fowler Wheels 




MODEL B, SCALE WEIGHT (as you see it), 32 LBS. 
MODEL A all on SCALE WEIGHT, 36 LBS. 




See explanation of our 
scheme NEXT WEEK. 



THE FOWLER TRUSS FRAME. (Pat. Applied For.) 




142. 144. 146. 148 W. Washington Street. 
CmC/lQO, ILL 



THE BEARINGS. 




ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND DOLLARS. 



ANNOUNCEMENT. 

Our advertisers are respectfully requested to have changes of copy for 
their advertisements in our office on Monday without fail, hereafter. The 
volume of our business is such that vpe are absolutely forced to close our 
"ad" forms on Monday. Concerning changes, we shall always do all in 
our power to please, but it ?s necessary to state that when changes do not 
arrive on Monday the advertisements of previous week will be run. 



LOWER PRICES. 

Careful trade observers claim to be able to trace a great many subtle 
facts to the Cycle Show as a cause. One of them has asserted : " Shows 
have a tendency to decrease prices." It is not unlikely. Water will find 
its level and competition, when it is encouraged by the elements of free 
trade, has a lowering tendency. This was amply illustrated at Philadel- 
phia by the fact that agents were corralled at railway stations, immediately 
after setting foot in the city, by the shrewd representatives of various man- 
ufacturers. There was some very sharp work done in the way of learning 
" the other fellow's" discounts. Mr. Kirkpatrick, of McKee & Harrington, 
showed the writer a list of discounts which he had copied from one com- 
piled by a purchaser, and there is no doubt that salesmen made the rounds 
and gathered similar lists, incog. Of a number of concerns approached by 
this purchaser, two offered, on a fifty wheel order, discounts of 40 per cent, 
and 2 per cent, more for cash; two or three ofiFered him 35 per cent., some 
thirty-and-five, and a very few 25 per cent. 

The New York Bicycle Co. claim to have taken time by the forelock in 
the matter of low list prices. Mr. Schofield, secretary-treasurer of the com- 
pany, did not tell the writer what his discounts were, but he claimed to be 
able to see a fair profit while selling a good bicycle for f 100. He said: " I 
came down here to the Show principally to get acquainted, but incidentally 
to learn whether we made a mistake or not in our price, and my opinion 
remains unchanged." Mr. Schofield's company has ample capital. Its 
headquarters are in New York, and the wheels are made at the old Demor- 
est sewing machine factory, in Williamsport, Pa., which was purchased for 
the purpose. 

An interesting opinion was advanced a few days ago by Mr. Goetz, the 
financial man of the Stokes Company, Chicago. He said : " I,ong after 
lower prices come — assuming that they will come — the makers of standard 
high grade machines will be able to sustain prices now extant. The bump 
of suspicion is fairly large in the average cranium, and there is a natural 
disinclination in most well-balanced minds to bite at low-priced things. If 
we were to mark down the list price of our best wheel tomorrow, the 
chances are that we would lose money by doing so. Even if the tide of 
city patronage should be changed by decreased prices, the country trade, 
which is the mainstay of the business, would remain faithful to standard 
goods at standard prices. The man who lives in the country, unless he is a 
faddist, is more prone to far-sighted economy than his city brother, and 
when he sets out to buy a wheel he does so with a view of using the same 
wheel more than one season. He wants something reliable and knows 
that he is perfectly safe in purchasing an article the reputation of which is 
of the highest; and he is willing to pay something extra for the satisfaction 
contained in that reputation." 

Relevant to the subject of prices is the practice of shipping wheels on 
consignment. It is known that a number of agents tried to purchase on 
that basis at Philadelphia and that their efiforts did not meet with anything 
like success. It was a very satisfying evidence of manufacturers' belief 
in the value of their own goods. 



Wanted. 
Acquaintance desired with a man familiar with cycle mechanics, with 
leisure time for examining in a cursory manner a few patent drawings and 
specifications every week. Address Brogan, Bearings. 

Send in Your Catalogue, 
Cycle manufacturers and dealers are invited to send us their '93 cata- 
logues for reviewing purposes. 



The American Cycle Company, of Chicago, Bought Out Witii fitsturg 

Money. 

The Bearings is able to state authoritatively and exclusively that a 
$100,000 deal has been closed between the American Cycle Company, of 
Chicago, and a party of Pittsburg investors, prominent among whom is 
Mr. H. D. Squires, president of the Pittsburg Cycle Co. The sum of 
|ioo,ooo is involved in the form of negotiable obligations, to be paid 
within two years. This paper is exchanged for the plant and assets of the 
American Cycle Co., the property transferred being the same as formerly 
owned by the Chicago Bicycle Co. The paper is now in the hands of Mr. 
John L. Atwater, who has been president of the American Cycle Co., and 
the well equipped plant on Jackson street is now at the disposal of the 
Pittsburg people, who were expected to arrive this week and take pos- 
session of the same. 

Mr. Atwater was asked whether the Pittsburg people would pay off the 
$too,ooo obligation with bicycles, furnishing him with 500 wheels this year 
and 700 wheels next; failure to furnish them entailing payment in cash. He 
replied: "It is a straight transaction and we hold straight paper, payable 
at specified times. We may accept wheels in payment of the entire amount 
and market them through the old Chicago Bicycle Co., which still exists. 
I do not wish it to be understood that we will have to accept wheels in 
payment, but we do intend to help on the new business in every possible 
way. ' ' 

The name under which the business will now be carried on will be the 
same as the one used heretofore — the American Cycle Company. Mr. At- 
water, is authority for the statement that they will build the American Con- 
vertible tandem, heretofore known as the Worth tandem; the American 
Lady, heretofore known as the Lady Worth; and the American Raleigh, a 
new 26 pound diamond frame wheel, to be constructed on the lines of the 
well known Raleigh of English make. Mr. Atwater's understanding is 
that it is hardly expected to build on a very large scale this year, but that 
1,000 wheels may be produced before the close of the season. 

Mr. Atwater said: "The standing accounts of the American Cycle Co. 
are not affected by this deal at all. I have personally assumed the respon- 
sibility of these accounts, which amount to about $6,000. The principal 
efiect of this Pittsburg deal will be the reimbursement of Mr. Brown, of 
Valparaiso, Ind., and myself. We m::de loans to the Chicago Bicycle Co. 
and its successor, the American Cycle Co., amouuting to about $65,000 or 
$70,000. We are additionally interested, so tha«- we figure that it will take 
upwards of $90,000 to clear us. We think, however, that we will come out 
all right. 

"Why have we sold out? There are a number of good reasons. 
There was never a lack of financial support to the business until the princi- 
pal investors — Mr. Brown and myself — became weary of putting in money 
and getting nothing in return. The plant is a fine one, the Chicago 
Bicycle Co. and its successor were well advertised, and there was no reason 
why the business should not have been profitable — except the good reasons 
I have in mind, and they include experimenting and hobby riding. I think 
these are the two principal rocks upon which the ship broke. 

"As far as I know, everybody who has been connected with the com- 
pany or factory will step out and the Pittsburg people will start over anew. 
I am personally verj' well satisfied and see no reason why the new concern 
should not do a very good business. They are going to have no experi- 
menting or hobby business, but will follow the demands of the public. 
They have material and facilities in the factory for turning out fine and 
prompt work and among other machines they can easily produce a 
geared ordinary. 

"The Pittsburg people are now running a thriving business. Mr. 
Harry D. Squires, one of the principal promoters of this arrangement, is 
president of the Pittsburg Cycle Co. and also has quite a harness emporium 
in Pittsburg. The latter is a concern of nearly forty years standing. Mr. 
Squires, with other people, has formed the Pittsburg Harness & Vehicle 
Co. and they have secured a thirteen year lease upon a piece of property 
located right in the heart of Pittsburg. It will be the only large vehicle 
caravansary in the city. They propose to combine that business with the 
cycle trade, using the present site on Wood street and their place on 
Liberty street for bicycles and sporting goods. 

History of the Chicago Business. 
The American Cycle Co., which was of recent creation, was formed 
for the purpose of building wheels to be marketed from the local store of 
the Chicago Bicycle Co. The history of the business, as stated in a running 
way by Mr. Atwater and confirmed in one or two details by others, is as 
follows: 

S. L. House and the Worth brothers, of Chicago, were interested 
together in an experimental sort of way, the original Worth spring frame 
bicycle being the object of their attention. They did no business. The 
Chicago Bicycle Co. was organized in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, in 1890, by the 
Worth brothers. They had interested with them Charles Dickson, Henry 
Rickel, a lawyer, and Rev. J. A. Ward, all of Cedar Rapids; also R. W. 
Dean, of Hinsdale, 111. One wheel was built in an old oat-meal mill. 
The concern was removed to Chicago early in '91. Mr. Dean, who was 
financially interested, became president. An office was opened and the 
plant at 491 Carroll avenue Lad just Ijeen started nicely, when, on Decora- 
tion Day, '91, a gas explosion occurred, by which Mr. Worth and Mr. 
Jordan, a St. Louis dealer, were badly injured and the building nearlj' 
destroyed. It was expected that Mr. Worth would die, and consequently 
the machinery was straightened up, insurance matters arranged and every- 
thing prepared for closing up the business. Mr. Worth recovered, however, 
and work was resumed. Late in September, '91, Mr. C. B. Beach and Mr. 
Atwater bought out the company. On October i, '91, itwas reorganized, the 
word "the" being dropped, and plain "Chicago Bicycle Co." adopted. It 
was incorporated in Illinois and the large Jackson street building was 
rented and afterwards purchased. The old company had been capitalized 



THE BEARINGS. 



Laying the Foundation 

Is the important thing. Every agent is looking to the future. Then 
why waste time with a cheap wheel which goes to pieces, and in a few 
years disappears from the market (nobody wants it), leaving the agent 
to begin all over again. Better take the Tourist which makes friends 
on sight. It will make you rich, and it gives no trouble. Fitted with the 

BIDWELL PNEUMATIC TIRE FOR 1893 

It offers you the perfection of bicycle riding. 

Send for catalogue and our pamphlet, entitled: 



^^^'^^^. 



(( 



AIR: its Hard and Soft Side." 




QEO. R. BIbWELL CTQLE CO. 

306-31 WEST 59TH 5t., MEW TORK. 



FACTORY: 
Colt's West Armory, HARTFORD, CONN. 



TIRE FACTORY: 
49-5 I West 66 St., N. Y. 



Mate of THE TOURIST BICYCLES. 

And Sole Eastern Agents for 

St. Nlctiolas MIg. Co.'s Safeties, a medium grade line. 

MENTION THE BEARINGS 




"The Holbein Swift is the only machine I have ever found which could stand the racket.— P. VON BOECHMANN." 

CHICAGO, BOSTON. SAIN FRANCISCO. 



Govetitfv Machinists Co., Ltd. 



FACTORIES: RICHMOND, IND., COVENTRY, ENG. 



Mention The Bearings. 



The bearings. 



for about $125,000 and it was reorganized with a capital of $250,000. John 
L. Atwater was made president, W. O. Worth vice president, J. B. Worth 
superintendent, H. B. Brown treasurer. Mr. Brown is a capitalist and also 
president of the largest normal school and business college in the world, at 
Valparaiso, Ind. 

Mr. Atwater's words are here quoted: 

"The final chapter is not long. I have already given you some of the 
principal reasons why the business has been disposed of. After the Jack- 
son street factory was fairly going we found that we were tardy in getting 
out our product. The change from solid to cushion tires and then to pneu- 
matics came upon us suddenly. Then there were mechanical delays and 
we practically lost any chance there might hive been at that year's busi- 
ness. It came to the point where Mr. Brown withdrew and refused to 
give the business further financial support. His withdrawal left me en- 
tirely alone. We owed him so much and so much of my own ready cash 
had already gone into the business that I at once set about to clean 
matters up and liquidate the old company. The American Cycle Co. was 
formed, the idea being to bring other parties into the business for the pur- 
pose of manufacturing certain English bicycles, also the Worth, and using 
the Chicago Bicycle Co. as a selling company. Not securing the right 
parties in that connection, it finally resulted in the complete selling of the 
stock to the Pittsburg parties." 



" Mr. Goetz, of The Stokes Company." 
Mr. Philip Goetz, treasurer of the Stokes Mfg. Co., Chicago, is known 
as a man singularly fitted for the position he 
occupies — by courtesy, treasurer; in fact, gen- 
eral financier, provider and systematizer. 
There is nothing of the genius in Mr. Goetz' 
methods, as genius is often interpreted. He 
has little faith in the execution of inspired 
brilliancy. A plain-spoken, keen-eyed man, 
he is altogether practical and methodical — 
during business hours; afterwards, he is found 
at home. He begins work by the clock and 
quits by the same oracle. Between the be- 
ginning and the quitting a surprising quantity 
of work is done — all by simple, quiet system. 
He is constantly devising new printed forms 
by which cause, in the form of an order for 
goods, can be most expeditiously transformed 
e., shipment from the rear door. A bee-line kind of man. 




PHILIP GOETZ 

into eflfect 



Drop in Psycho Prices. 
The A. A. Taylor Cycle Co. have reduced the price of the Psycho to 
$150. This machine has heretofore listed at from $10 to $15 more than 
American high grade wheels. 



Columbia Rubber Works' Tires. 

In order that there may be no misunderstanding concerning the tires 
sold by the Columbia Rubber Works, Chicago, it is due to say that the 
prices of their larger tires were not correctly indicated by the figures 
quoted last week. Those prices would be more applicable to the 24 and 26 inch 
tires. Mr. Banker also states that the price of the Palmer tire has not been 
raised in consequence of the corner on crude rubber. The weight of the 
Palmer has been reduced so that the raise will be unnecessary. 

Kirk Brown writes that the price of the '93 Dunlop tire will not be 
affected by the advance in the price of crude rubber. He says that the 
prices quoted will apply for the entire season and will not be advanced 
under any circumstances. 



INSURANCE CO MPAN IES SUSPICIOUS. 

The insurance reporter of the Chicago Tribune says: Insurance mana- 
gers are commenting on the number of losses that have of late occurred on 
stocks of bicycles and bicycle factories. This business has for some time 
been under the suspicion of having been overdone and the recent losses 
seem to indicate that there is reason to believe this conclusion is true. If 
so, it means that the moral hazard has increased and this may lead to this 
class of risks being placed on the prohibited list. 

Up to Dote. 
Thirty-two changes of advertisements and ten new advertisements help 

to make this week's issue of The Bearings interesting. Names and 
spaces are given below : 

Gormully & Jeffery Mfg. Co 1 page. Taylor Cycle Co 1-2 page. 

Hulbert Bros 1 " Century Cycle Co 1-2 " 

New York Belting & Packing Co. .. 1 " Remington Arms Co 1-2 " 

Morgan & Wright 1 " James Cycle Co 1-3 " 

Union Cycle Mfg. Co 1 " Gormully & JelTery Mfg. Co 1-3 " 

Mokes Mfg. Co 1 " Hartford Cycle Co. , 1-4 " 

Ov<>rinan Wheel Co 1 " Marble Cycle Co 1-4 " 

Ames & Frost Co 1-2 " Kingman & Co 1-4 " 

Vincent Cycle Co 1-2" Schoverling, Daly & Gales 1-t " 

Lovd, Read & Co 1-2" fiendron Iron Wheel Co .1-4 " 

Toledo Bicycle Co 1-2 " Woodrough & Hanchett 1-i " 

Indiana Bicycle Co l-a " Zucker & Levett 1-4 " 

A. Featherstone 1-2" Standard V.arnish Co 1-4 " 

Eclipse Bicycle Mfg. Co 1-2" W. H. Wilhelm & Co 1-8 •' 

Rouse, Hazard & Co 1-2 " Bretz, Curtis & Co 1% inch 

E. C.Stearns & Co 1-2" Standard Cap Co 2 " 

American Dunlop Tire Co 1-2 " A. H. Goetting 2X " 

Th W. Bingham Co 1-2" Acme Bicycle Carriage Co 'iM " 

Coventry Machinists' Co 1-2" 0. W. Munson 1 " 

G. R. Bidwell Cycle Co 1-2" O. H. Collmer 2 " 

The Bearings Pub Co 1-2 " Shulenberg Cycle Co 3 " 



Will Protect Their Customers. 
The New York Belting & Packing Co. write: We desire to announce 
that purchasers of our pneumatic tires will be protected from all infringe- 
ment claims on the part of anyone, of any kind or nature. It has never 
been the policy of this Company to manufacture goods which infringe 
legitimate patents. During our business experience of nearly fifty years 
not one of our patrons has been called upon to pay any damages for 
infringement of patents on any goods we may have made or sold." 



The Arrow. 




A Non-Vibrative Pedal. 
Little by little cycling construction changes. New features are added 

every'day and even if no radi- 
cal upsetting of present theor- 
ies and methods occurs within 
the^next few years, many of the 
details of today will in due time 
be known as crudities. Here 
is a cut of an English pedal. 
Note that it is not square. If 
properly constructed, this circu- 
lar from obviates the bother 
and strain of loose end-plates 
and there are no corners to catch the clothes and sear the ankles and shins. 
This particular pedal sells for 35 shillings (about $9) per pair. The circular 
plates can be adjusted to ordinary rubber pedals and cost about $2 a pair. 
It is claimed for this pedal that it has rotary and oscillating movements on 
both sides; that it greatly decreases vibration for the legs; allows a freer 
movement for the feet and enables long-distance rides without injury to or 
stiffness in the knees and ankles that its advertisers claim is produced by 
the ordinary pedal: and that it is advantageous in climbing. All this may 
or may not be true, but some enterprisingjAmerican pedal maker might 
"try the experiment." 




A New Syracuse Concern. 
The Syracuse Cycle Co. will shortly be incorporated at Syracuse, 
N. Y. While it will manufacture wheels in the factory of E. C. Steams 
& Co., it is a separate corporation and will make another class of 
machines. E. C. Stearns is president, J. C. Bowe vice president and 
.•secretary and H. E. Maslin treasurer. Mr. Stearns will act as manager. 
The capital stock of the new company is $roo,ooo all of which has been 
taken and the greater part of the required 10 per cent, paid in. The stock 
holders are E. O. Stearin, J. C. Bowe, H. E. Maslin, Hendricks S. Holden, 
Jacob Amos, W. h. Smith, Charles M. Warner, Lucius Moses and Charles 
W. Andrews. 



Manufactured by the Century Cycle Mfg. Co.,5295 Wabash avenue, Chicago. 

A Quiet Little Dinner. 
W. T. Barnes, secretary and treasurer of the Indiana Bicycle Co., 
banquetted the other members of the firm, as well as the traveling men, 
at the Columbia Club house, Indianapolis, last Saturday. Among those 
present were: President C. F. Smith, M. B. Wilson, M. F. Dalton, Fred 
Patee, W. C. Marion, Jr., C. H. Weyman and Leon Johnson. One of the 
guests suggests that Mr. Barnes make this an annual affair. 



Preparing For '93. 
Kansas City, Mo., Feb. 2. — All of the dealers are getting in their '93 
samples and the cycle stores are once more putting on an animated appear- 
ance. About a dozen agents will carry wheels in stock this year and com- 
petition promises to be keen. J. F. Smetzer & Sons have taken the local 
agencies for the Rambler, Raleigh and Raglan and will also handle a line 
of cheap wheels. 

What St. Louis Dealers Will Handle. 
St. Louis, Feb. 4. — Messrs. Jordan & Sanders have added the Union 
and Quinton to the line of wheels they already have. Snitjer has secured 
the Raleigh; E. C. Meacham Arms Co. have added the Sterling to their 
already extensive line, and the Laing Cycle Co. will continue to push their 
last year's line. Ramblers and Imperials. H. A. Canfield has entered the 
employ of D. Snitjer, filling the position left vacant by W. T. Gardner. 



Recent Patents. 
A number of novel patents were taken out last week at Washington. 
A tire shrinker by William Lehmer, Chicago; a clock attaching device by 
Edraond Kuhn, Brooklyn; an air cushion tire and self-holding tire by J. P. 
Lavigne, New Haven, Conn.; a valve for pneumatic tire by George O. 
Draper, Hopedale, Mass.; and a pneumatic tire for velocipedes by Rudolph 
W. Huss, Chicago, assignor to the American Tire Co., Cleveland, were 
among the patents granted. Margaret H. Lawson, Boston, has patented a 
bicycle garment. 



THE; BBARINGS. 



^WWW??W?WWW??WW?????WW!W!!I5 



IFRES. 



In 1891 the Fight was on Cushions. I- 

But one " cushion " remains to tell the tale — the Victor Arch tire. 
It is good, and a thorough success ; it has distanced all competitors. |- 

Winne rs are A p t to Wi n. I- 

■ |, 

In 1893 the Victor Pneumatic is as far ahead of the field of pneu- \[ 

matics as the Victor Arch is ahead of the cushions. |- 

I- 
We simply win, and the Victor Pneumatic is thoroughly reliable and j' 

provides for changing the inner tube without tools — very important, if 1, 

I- 
you want to ride. |- 

I- 
It is guaranteed by a good guarantee. There is a great difference in ] 

"guarantees." Many of them fail to connect. |- 

I- 
Better see the new Catalogue. i' 

I- 



OVERMAN WHEEL CO. |3 

BOSTON. WASHINGTON. DENVER. SAN FRANCISCO. |^^ 



-MCN'^'ON The Bearings. 



THB BEARINGS. 



ALLOTMEN TS AT THE FAIR. 

Space to Be Allowed the Cycle Manufacturers Finally Decided Upon. 




-f^ 




A. A. ABBOTT. 



There has been considerable delay in allotting space in the Transporta- 
tion Building to cycle manufacturers who will exhibit their wares at the 
World's Fair. It has not been the fault of Chief Willard A. Smith and his 

efificieut staff, for they have all been 
working like Trojans to get every- 
thing into perfect running order. 
After they had decided how much 
space each exhibitor should have 
they informed the makers. Then 
came the weary wait for acceptances 
Many of the manufacturers were 
^ -^fc . dissatisfied with the quantity and lo- 

^^^^ I! cation of space given them and re- 

_^^^^Kp^ • I fused to exhibit. Others who at first 

^^^^H^^L I thought that they would exhibit con- 

ll(|^^^Km ^' l^tew^'-' eluded that they could not stand the 

^^^^'"^ ' ' expense and so notified Mr. Smith- 

So many withdrawals were there 
WILLARD A. SMITH. ^^^^ ^^^^ chauges had to be made 

and it was not until February 7 that Mr. Smith had the official certificates 
sent out. The spaces given to the cycle trade will be made public next week- 

When the Bearings man paid 
his former visit to the offices of the , 

Transportation Department they were 
almost devoid of furniture. The main 
office has since been fitted up very 
luxuriously. As one enters the door 
of the main office, he is confronted 
by an imposing brass railing. The 
hardwood floor and handsome rugs 
add to the beauty of the office. Chief 
Smith's private room is to the south 
of this apartment. This is fitted up 
modestly, as becomes the modest oc- 
cupant. Mr. Smith is much admired 
by his subordipates. A thorough 
business man, a hard worker and one who is accustomed to command, he 
has done much towards putting the Transportation Department where it is 
today. This building is further advanced than most of the others and Mr. 

Smith can claim the credit for it. Mr. 
':i' i A. A. Abbott, superintendent of the vehicle 

* department, is one man who will have much 

to do with the cycle trade. He is a bright, 
brainy man, and is the right man in the right 
place. If the makers cannot get along with 
him they will certainly be hard to please. 
Probably one of the hardest workers in this 
department is Miss Bessie B. Boyer, Mr. 
Smith's private secretary. Being a wheel- 
woman, she understands "what's what and 
who's who" in cycling matters, and has done 
considerable for her friends, the bicycle 
makers. She is a typical American, brisk 
and business-like to the tips of her dainty 
fingers. At present she is working night and 
day and has letters piled a foot high on her 
desk; enough to keep her and her assistant 
busy for some time. 

One of those who withdrew their applica- 
tions was the George R. Bid well Cycle Co., 
of New York. Mr. Bidwell applied for con- 
siderable space. The management. The Bearings is informed, thought 
that it could not allow him as much as he desired and so informed him. 
Mr. Bidwell wrote that he could not make a creditable showing in the space 
allotted to him and so withdrew. Among the English exhibitors the 
Raleigh Cycle Co. have one of the best positions. There are only about 
80 American exhibitors. Those who have accepted are: 

Ariel Cycle Mfg. Co., Goshen, Ind.; Ames & Frost, Chicago; Boyle & 
Calleton, Grand Rapids, Mich; Blodgett Mfg. Co., Chicago; Bradshaw 
Mfg. Co., Boston; Central Cycle Co., Indianapolis, Ind.; Derby Cycle Co., 
Chicago; Donnelly & Deward, Chicago; Freeport Bicycle Co., Freeport, 
111.; A. Featherstone, Chicago; Gelknosen, Neilson & Panep, Philadelphia; 
Gendron Wheel Co., Toledo, O.; Gormully & Jeffiiry Mfg. Co., Chicago; 
Hartford Cycle Co., Hartford, Conn.; Indiana Bicycle Co., Indianapolis; 
Kenwood Mfg. Co., Chicago; Lozier Mfg. Co., Toledo, O.; Merrill-Stevens 
Mfg. Co., Niles, Mich.; Monarch Cycle Co., Chicago; Mcintosh-Hunting- 
ton Co., Cleveland; Overman Wheel Co., Chicopee Falls, Mass.; Pope 
Mfg. Co., Chicago; Royal Cycle Works, Marshall, Mich.; Suell Cycle 
Fitting Co., Toledo, O.; Simonds Rolling Machine Co., Fitchburg, Mass.; 
Stover Bicycle Mfg. Co., Freeport, 111.; Sercombe & Bolte Co., Milwaukee; 
Remington Arms Co., Ilion, N. Y,; H. B. Smith Machine Co., Smithville, 
N. J.; Union Mfg. & Plating Co., Chicago; Wilson, Myers & Co., New 
York; Western Wheel Works, Chicago; Yost Mfg. Co., Toledo, O. 

The English manufacturers who will exhibit are: The Coventry 
Machinists' Co., Coventry; Disc Wheel Co., Ltd., Surrey; Guest & Barrow, 
Birmingham; John Harrison, Birmingham; Humber & Co., London; Nev/ 
Howe Machine Co , Glasgow; Premier Cycle Co., Coventry; Quadrant Cycle 




BESSIE B. BOYER. 



Co., Birmingham; Raleigh Cycle Co., London; Seddon's Pneumatic Tire 
Co., Birmingham; Sparbrook Mfg. Co., Coventry; Taylor & Co.. Birming- 
ham; Warman & Hazlewood, Ltd., Coventry; Whitworth Cycle Co., Bir- 
mingham; F. W. Zimer, London. 



The "Bison" is a Fine Wheel. 
Elegant, desig.i and construction and fine finish are marked character- 
istics of the Bison, manufactured by the Gibson & Prentiss Cycle Co., Buf- 




falo, N. Y. The wheels are made in four weights — 24, 28 and 32 pounds. 
The diamond frame, long wheel base, Credenda tubing and a long head 
are other features of the Bison. 

Patee Makes a Good Beginning. 
Fred Patee made his change from Rouse, Hazard & Co. to the Indiana 
Bicycle Co. " without losing a trick." On the last day of January he sold 
a prominent dealer a number of Rudges and Sylphs for Rouse, Hazard & 
Co., and then took the dealer to Indianapolis and sold him a line of the 
Indiana Bicycle Co.'s machines. As this was Patee's first appearance at 
his new place he made a good start. 



A Pneumatic Oiler. 
Two spring plates on the side near the end, which enables one to 
reach places on a machine difficult of access, are marked features of the 
patent oiler made by Charles J. Hauck & Son, manufacturers of metal 
novelties. Another improvement is a long pin that fits into a nozzle of 
the can, which not only prevents leakage but is handy in cleaning oil holes. 



" Built on Honor." 
A fitting successor to the long line of high grade wheels made by the 
Warwick Cycle Mfg. Co. is the Warwick Model A. Its elegance of design 




and finish caused much favorable comment at the Show. It will undoubt- 
edly be a popular wheel and add to the reputation of the company. The 
machine weighs 29 pounds and sells for $150. 



Tuttle Doing a Good Business. 
F. Howard Tuttle, traveling representative of E. C. Stearns & Co., writes 
from Louisville as follows: "E. C. Stearns & Co. wish to thank the agents 
and the trade in general for the kindness with which they have received 
the Stearns bicycles. I am having a splendid trip and business is very 
good. I will be in Chicago soon to place my line with some good agent. 
I ran across Collister, of the Winton; Blake, of Luthy & Co., and Rudy, 
of Eclipse fame. Davie Post will be here tomorrow. They are all here 
hustling for business." 

Something for Duryea to Answer. 

Edward Maaley, principal of the high school, Bloomington, III., writes 
as follows: 

"I wish to pDint out an apparent mistake in Mr. D.iryea's article on 
the amount of driving force which gets to the ground in propelling a wheel, 
published in your paper of January 27. He says that with a sixty inch 
gear and a six inch crank an application of fifty pounds to the pedal gives 
a driving force of five pounds at the rim. 60:6-50-5. He should take the 
radius of the drive wheel (geared) not the diameter. 30:6:50:10. Thus the 
driving power is really double what Mr. Duryea says." 



THE BEARINQS. 



A CHICAGO DEA LER S' ASSOCIATION. 

— Chicago, January 24, 1893. 



F. h. 



Douglas Cycle Co., 
per F. L. Douglas. 



Dear Sir: 

A sufficient canvass has been made among the leading dealers in 
bicycles to assure the success of an organization of Chicago cycle dealers. 
For the purpose of completing the organization you are requested to be 
present at the office of the Pope Mfg. Co. on Tuesday, February 7, at three 
o'clock. If it is not possible for you to be present, will you kindly advise 
one of the undersigned by mail. 

The purpose of the proposed organization is to afford dealers an oppor- 
tunity of arriving at an understanding among themselves concerning any 
matter of general interest to the trade and for their mutual advantage. 

It is desired that the fact of the proposed meeting will be withheld 
from the press and the public, for the present at least. 

Yours Respectfully, 
A. G. Spalding & Bros., 

by Wm. D. Brown, Sec'y. 

Pope Mfg. Co., 

R. D. Garden, Mgr. 

The Bearings was the first and probably the only paper to learn that 
a letter like the above copy was sent to the Chicago trade and that the 
meeting was held at the time and place indicated. No organization result- 
ed but it is known that certain resolutions were passed and that the meet- 
ing adjourned subject to the call of the secretary, Mr. Douglas, who stated 
on Wednesday that he did not know when he would call another meeting. 

Mr. Stokes presided. It is known that no action was taken concern- 
ing a combination scale of prices to be allowed upon second hand wheels 
offered in exchange for new ones and that it was agreed, by resolution, not 
to deviate from published list prices upon wheels listed at $135 and over. 
No compact was made concerning goods listed under $135. A six-months 
limit may be agreed to upon installment votes. 

It was the general opinion of the meeting that all concerned in the 
local trade would be benefitted by an organization, but Mr. Douglas' talk 
did not indicate positively that an organization will be efiected. 

Those present at the meeting were: R. D. Garden, Pope Company; 
F. L. Douglas, F. L. Douglas Cycle Co.; C. F. Stokes, Stokes Mfg." Co,; 
Horace Bell, Montgomery Ward & Co.; L,. W. Conkling, Coventry Machin- 
ists' Co.; C. H. Plumb, Ariel Cycle Co.; C. H. Sieg, Ames & Frost Co.; Mr. 
Gilmore, of the Marble Cycle Co.; J. O. Blake, Gormully & Jeffery Mfg. 
Co.; J. M. Lyons, Century Cycle Mfg. Co.; H. J. Cassady, Thorsen & Cass- 
ady; F.J. Fanning, of A. G. Spalding & Bros.; A. A. Taylor, Taylor Cycle Co. 

As the letter copied above indicates, it was deemed wise to keep every- 
thing concerning the matter secret and, as stated. The Bearings was the 
first to learn of it. A Bearings man was present at the place of meeting 
but, at the request of Messrs. Douglas and Garden, remained in a part of 
the store where the proceedings could not be overheard. At Mr. Douglas' 
earnest solicitation, it was also agreed that this paper would publish no facts 
concerning the meeting provided its local contemporaries would make the 
same promise. On Wednesday Mr. Douglas consented to publication. 

Later. — Organization did result at the Tuesday meeting. Probable 
name. Cycle Trade Association. C. F. Stokes is president, F. I,, Douglas 
secretary. The next meeting occurs today (Friday), probably at the 
Auditorium. The Quadrant people were unable to be represented Tuesday, 
but state they will join. 



Waverlys and Fashions. 
Since the Philadelphia Show nearly everyone has heard a great deal 
about "Mr. Smith, of Indianapolis." Mr. Smith is president of the In- 
diana Bicycle Co., makers of high and medium grade wheels. Mr. Smith 
is a hard worker; and it is needless to say that his company is rapidly 
moving to the front ranks. Their catalogue illustrates the good points of 
their many machines. The Waverly, their leader, sells for $150. The 
best of material is used and the wheel is a credit to its makers. The Wav- 
erly Scorcher is the same wheel lightened somewhat. There has always 
been a great demand for a boy's high grade wheel. Heretofore the poor 
youngsters have had to put up with heavy, rattle trap machines, but the 
Indiana Bicycle Co. has instituted a reform, and in the Waverly Amateur 
will be found a wheel suitable for boys of from 12 to 16 years of age. The 
Waverly, Junior, is built on the same lines and is suitable for boys from 7 
to 14 years of age. It is a great "looker," is a thoroughly high grade 
machine and, having pneumatic tires, would not be a misrit for small men. 
It weighs 32 pounds, has 26x26 wheels, M. & W. medium weight tires, 
pretty handle bars, cork handles, dust proof pedals, fluted cranks, Huinber 
chain and sells for I90. The Fashions and Crusader are combiuaiion ma- 
chines, suitable for ladies and gentlemen. 



Liberty Pomts. 
The Bogie Man weighs but 22_'2 pounds. Wilson, Myers & Co. built 
this wheel for track racing only and do not expect to have it used on the 
road. The wheel is substantially the same as the Scorcher, but is still 
further reduced in weight by the introduction of 20 and 22 gauge tubing, 
and by the boring or honey combing of all forged parts. This year's 
Liberty shows many improvements over last year's model. A handle 
made of combined rubber and cork is used. This firm hold a broad and 
liberal opinion about tires. They argue that every man has his own opinion 
as to how a tire should be fastened to the rim, and therefore offer two tires. 
The Columbia Rubber Works Co.'s tire is used as the best example of the 
cemented tire, while Phelps & Dingle's Ideal is thought to be superior to 
all others involving a mechanical attachment. The A. A. Taylor Cycle 
Co., western agents for the Liberty, propose to boom the wheel in the 
west. It is generally known that when Mr. Taylor takes hold of a bicycle 
it must be a good seller. The Liberty is sure to prove a success in Mr. 
Taylor's territory. 



ENGLAND'S CYC LE SHOWS. 

"Two shows are too many," says Wheeling. Very true, doubtless, for 
a small country. Wheeling continues: "To compare the two shows, one 
can hardly feel the pulse of the expected trade so well at the National as at 
the Stanley. At the former the majority were — well, to wound no suscep- 
tibilities, outside say 20 firms — not the leading houses, and the machines 
were built for sale; not from stock, and therefore, were up to date. With 
the giant houses of the tradi there must always, owing to the constant 
changes in cycle fashions, be a certain amount of "dead" stock, and this 
must not only be shown, but it has to be to a great extent got rid of, and 
new patterns as far as possible, without dropping behind the times, dis- 
couraged. This will account for the lethargic manner in which the F. D. 
and G. O. types are being taken up in the "big trade." This is also to be 
found in tires. Despite the lesson taught by the Stanley figures, there are 
still a fairish number of cushions, and even occasional solids. Another 
point is that more than one-half of the machines are contributed by a 
little over 20 firms, but the steady expansion of the trade is once more 
proved by the large number of entirely new names which appear on a 
show catalogue for the first time. This is always a striking feature to those 
who follow show after show. There is a constant ebb and flow in the 
names; for the one that disappears two are ready to take its place. 

Unfortunately for the general interest, there are no very sensational 
departures, and comparatively few distinct novelties, but speed and fly- 
wheel maniacs are either dead or dormant. 

New gears for F. D. safeties appear, but not so frequently as one might 
expect, owing to so many makers taking to the Crypto, Eadie, Hall, or 
Perry; but there are exceptions. Of the new introductions the Atlas Cycle 
Company have a good thing, if it acts as well as it looks. Instead of cogs, 
small cases, with projecting balls, each of which runs on an axle of its own, 
are used, and the balls drive against each other, like teeth engaging. There 
is very little friction, and the machine on which it is fitted is geared up to 
72. Another feature is the "life" which has been imparted [into the 
enamelling of machines. As a rule plain black is considered good enough 
(it is easier to apply for one thing), but the Quinton Company have now 
perfected the application of almost endless hues by stoving — a process 
that, for delicate colors, requires great nicety in applying and stoving. 



Among the 



An English Hook Tire, 
tires exhibited at the National Show, London, was the 
hook tire. As will be seen by the 
illustration, it is fixed to the edge of 
the rim with corrugated T-shaped 
hooks, which are fitted with a band, 
and can be easily detached — push- 
ing the band towards the inner tube. 
It is easily attached by guiding hooks 
into slots in the rim. The outer band 
being lined with canvas and the rim 
covered with thin leather, the whole 
forms a perfectly smooth bag for the 
air chamber. The second illustra- 
tion shows the tire fastened on 
with similar hooks fitted into an 
outer band, which hook around 
the nipples of the spokes. 




A New Pope Man. 
From Chattanooga comes the news that L. B. Graham has accepted 
the position of superintendant of agencies and traveling salesman for the 
Pope Mfg. Co., for all southern states, with headquarters at Chattanooga. 
He will continue his agency there but on a larger scale. 




WHEBE NEW UOWE BlUVCLES ARE MADE. 



THE BEARINGS. 



PERFECTION IN TRAVELING. 



At 6:00 p. in. daily one of the handsomest trains in the United States 
and known as the North-Western Limited leaves the passenger station of 
theNorth-Western Line in Chicago on its journey to St. Paul and Minne- 
apolis, the twin cities of the Northwest. Vestibuled throughout, and 
equipped with buffet, smoking and library cars, private compartment 
sleeping cars, drawing-room, sleepers and superb dining cars, it furnishes 
its occupants with every comfort and convenience which could be desired 
by the most fastidious. 

While in its entirety it undoubtedly takes rank with the finest trains 
in the world, there are two features of its equipment which deserve 
especial mention, for they are new departures in the western railway 
world. 

The buffet, smoking and library car is furnished in the most luxurious 
manner with comfortable arm chairs, writing desks, book-cases and a well 
stocked buffet, from which light refreshments are served. The private 
compartment sleeping car is designed especially for the accommodation 
of family parties and ladies traveling without escort. It is composed of 
ten separate compartments, each complete in itself, and containing wash- 



stand, hot and cold running water and all necessary toilet arrangements. 

Aside from these two features, it is in keeping with the rest of the 
service to say that the supper served in the dining car after the train leaves 
Chicago is a meal calculated to please the epicure. 

In a word, if you desire to travel in the most comfortable manner and 
make the trip to St. Paul, Minneapolis, or any point in the Northwest, in 
the quickest time, be sure that your ticket reads via the North-Western 
Line. Maps, time tables and full information can be obtained upon appli- 
cation to any ticket agent or by addressing W. A. Thrall, General 
Passenger and Ticket Agent, Chicago & North-Western R'y, Chicago. 

One Pneumatic Tire Every Minute. 
Morgan & Wright have so perfected their producing capacity that they 
can very easily turn out one complete pneumatic tire every minute. Mr. 
Spooner says that they are now producing 1,500 tires every 24 hours. The 
Morgan & Wright line now comprises six different styles. Concerning 
Mr. Spooner, it has been reported that he will ride a certain machine, 
fitted with a certain tire, in the Cuca Cup 24 hour race in London. He 
states that his machine has not been chosen and that he will use an 
M. & W. tire. 




--^^(§5^ 





ALWAYS THE FINEST AND 
MOST LIBERAL. 




Actual Size. 



,We will furnish The Bearings for one year, and either a 

Sterling Silver Souvenir Spoon, like cut, or a World's 

Columbian Souvenir Half Dollar, for $2.50. . . . Regular price of The 

Bearings, $2.00. 

We will furnish either the Coin or Spoon separately for $1.25. 
Gold Bowl Spoons, $1.50. 

THE BEARINGS PUBLISHING CO. 

315 Dearborn Street, CHICAGO. 



Superior Q^cle Baking Fnameis 



MANUFACTURED BY 



3TANDARD YARNISH WORKS, 



CHICAGO^ 
139 LAKE STREET. 



NEW YORK, 

207 A V EN U E D. 



LONDON, 

23 BILLITER ST. 



We make the best cycle enamels in the market j in point of lustre, elasticity, toughness and 
durability. Are used by many of the leading Cycle Manufacturers in this [country and Europe. 
Send for samples and particulars. 



MENTION THE BEARINGS 



THE BEARINGS. 



HOW TO MANAGE AN AGENCY. 

A Few Pointers Worth Reading, From a Veteran Salesman. 




URING the past few months the cycle press has 
had some really able articles on trade, advertis- 
ing, traveling, credits, mechanical constructions, 
pneumatic tires, springs vs. rigid frames, ama- 
teurs, cash prizes vs. crocks — in fact almost every 
subject of interest to all, from maker to rider. 
However, the writer has noticed one subject, 
that seems to have been neglected, viz., care 
and management of an agency. 

It is a well known fact to nearly every cycle 
traveler that not over five per cent, of the agencies 
visited are fit for a lady to shop in. Even some 
of the largest branch stores of big concerns are examples of the untidiness 
of their managers. In the past, many of these stores were loafing resorts 
for club men, repositories for their muddy wheels, etc., etc. Only last 
summer the writer called at the New York store of one of our largest 
manufacturers and while there saw a lady nearly ruin an elegant dress by 
coming in contact with a greasy, upturned machine in the front part of 
the salesroom. During the past year this chaotic state of affairs has been 
very much improved in the large cities: Chicago being about the first to 
inaugurate a movement in this direction. However, there is yet room for 
much improvement, particularly in smaller cities throughout the country. 

A neat, clean. 

Tidy Store is an Advertisement 
of as great value as a page iu the papers. The retail store of the GormuUy 
& Jeffery Mfg. Co., Chicago, is an example in mind. The writer has 
heard of that store, and its tastily decorated window in nearly every town 
he has visited for two years past. The Pope Company's branch in Chicago 
is another; also their main office in Boston. 

Nothing will disgust the average buyer and lower the standard of goods 
so quickly as an unsightly store, with dirty chains, parts of machines 
strewn about the floor, deflated tires; machines minus saddles, handle 
bars, pedals, or set in racks irregularly, with handles and saddles too high 
or too low; sundries scattered about the counters, tools out of their places, 
show cases dirty and the goods in them disarranged; 

Windows, Unclean and Untrimmed, 
a repository for flies and other insects; the office desk covered with 
unanswered mail, circular letters, catalogues, papers and stationery 
pigeon-holes full of hardware, such as wrenches, tool bags, pneu- 
matic pumps, sections of rims, tubing, bells, etc.; the desk drawers 
filled with unlaundried sweaters, hose and other clothing — even 
shoes. The letter cabinet is also neglected; letters, uu filed, hang 
upou hooks beside the desk; copy books are torn, and letters not indexed. 

invoices, instead of being posted 
up iu ledger and pasted in an 
invoice book, are hung on a hook 
in plain sight of any customer or 
traveler who may happen into the 
'"ffice. The cycle papers instead 
of being filed for ready reference, 
are thrown promiscuously into one 
corner and never removed, even 
to sweep and dust. 

Another noticeable "feature" 
at many stores is the 
Impoliteness of Many Managers 
and their head salesmen. Men who 
grace the position of "manager" 
in some of the largest stores could 
not hold positions iu any other 
line of business at Jio per week, 
as "salesmen," not to mention 
the position of manager — a posi- 
tion requiring the holder to be of 
good address, pleasant, affable, 
courteous and, above all, a gentle- 
man, and dressed as such, too. 
Such men command the attention 
of a buyer, particularly if he be a 
business man. Politeness costs nothing and commands a good price. 
Kindness costs but little trouble and makes many friends, especially 
among the fair sex. Their good opinion is worth columns of newspaper 
pufis and entails less expense. 

Truthfulness and earnestness are easily acquired and sell the goods. 
Belief in what you are offering to a customer always carries conviction 
with your statement. To the average agency manager let me say: 

Clean up Your Store, 
show cases and windows; polish the bright parts of your slock; trim your 
windows at least once a week; set your wheels in even rows and have all 
the handle bars and saddles at the same height; file your letters, invoices, 
papers and catalogues; see that your sundry stock is well kept and always 
knozv what it contains; have every wheel in stock cleaned each morning; 
partition off your repair shop and hang up a "No Admittance" sign at its 
entrance. Never allow broken machines to come into the store through 
the front entrance, if you have any other. When customers enter the 
store don't wait for them to come to you and ask "if you have" this or that, 
but meet them as near the front door as possible, with a cheerful and 
pleasant greeting, and a "what can we show you today?" Don't show any 
hesitancy in knowing what you have in stock and its price. If you don't 




3. ELMER PRATT. 



know these two things never attempt to wait on a customer until you do. 
Should you fail to sell your customer and you are asked for information, as 
to the whereabouts of competitors, give it. Do so pleasantly, and if pos- 
sible, with a complimentary remark for them. The writer has known 
customers to return and buy on the strength of this point alone. 

Always try and have your customer leave you feeling good natured and 
pleasantly toward you personally, even if he don't like your goods. Maybe 
the other fellow will have what he wants but will fail to personally impress 
him, in which case he is sure to return to you. 

Fort Worth, Tex., Jan. 21. J. Elmer Pratt. 



Howard 




H. F. HOWARD. 



A Veteran, 
whose face is portrayed herewith, though a compara- 
tively young man is old in cycling 
experience. He Is 33 years old and 
tells The Bearings that he entered 
the trade in 1880 as a cycle agent in 
New York and Pennsylvania. In 18S7 
he allied himself with the Capital 
Cycle Co., Washington, the first 
American firm to invent and market 
the ladies' wheel. He came to Chi- 
cago two years afterward and has since 
served as manager of departments and 
salesman both on and off the road 
for Montgomery Ward & Co., A. 
Featherstone, Thos. Kane & Co., 
and the Ames & Frost Co. He now 
represents the Taylor Cycle Co. 



AS YOU LIKE IT. 

P. E. Seas, while in New York, closed several large contracts for 
Yost's Falcons. 

ChaunceyM. Depew has purchased a Stearns bicycle for his son. C. A- 
Benjamin was the salesman. 

Louis N. Mausuy has succeeded W. C. Marion and will represent the 
Hartford Cycle Co. on the road. 

A fire started in the building occupied by Minor & Hunter, Indianapo- 
lis, last week. They suffered a small loss from water. 

The American Dunlop Tire Co. write: "Four-fifths of the machines 
exhibited at the English National Show were fitted with Dunlop tires." 

W. A. Rhodes, of Chicago, in all of his recent record breaking trials, 
rode a 20 pound Rudge racer. As he weighs 199 pounds, this shows the 
remarkable strength of these cycles. 

Wallbridge & Co., of Buffalo, are about to turn out a diamond frame 
bicycle, built on Humber lines, which will be called the Yale. They have 
decided to use the Yale color — dark blue. 

Mr. T. Mallinson, of the Standard Cap Co., 156 Green street, New 
York, has placed a large order with the Gormully & Jeffery Mfg. Co. Mr. 
Mallinson is from Coventry, England. 

The Michigan Arms & Cycle Co., of Detroit, have dissolved. Peterson 
Bros., who were to back the scheme, are said to have failed to come up 
with the money. The concern intended to manufacture wheels. 

Will S. Daniels, a well known cyclist in northern Indiana, formerly of 
Goshen, Ind., has entered the employ of the Marble Cycle Mfg. Co. and 
will travel through northern Indiana and Michigan in their interest. 

The territory of C. H. Wyman, formerly general traveling agent for 
the Simonds Rolling Machine Co., Fitchburg, Mass., is the New England 
states. He represents the Indiana Bicycle Co., with headquarters at Fitch- 
burg, Mass. 

Reuben Wood's Sons, of Syracuse, N. "V., have the Sterling, Sunol and 
Crypto geared ordinary for the city trade. The line they job in central 
New York consists of the Libert}-, Central, Eclipse, Reading Flyer, Falcon 
and Queen City wheels. 

Howard A. Smith & Co., Newark, N. J., will carry a larger stock of 
sundries this year than they did in '92. Mr. Smith says that he is handi- 
capped by the illness of F. C. Crondal, who has been confined to his bed 
since the Philadelphia Show. 

W. H. Wilhelm & Co. Reading, Pa., manufacturers of the Reading 
Flyer, write that owing to the breaking of the piston and cylinder in their 
main engine their entire works were forced to a temporary stop. This 
caused a delay of four or five days. 

J. II. Kendig, formerly of the Ariel Cycle Mfg. Co., Goshen, Ind., has 
charge of the bicycle department of the Stutz & Walker Carriage Mfg. 
Co., of Goshen. The Ariel is their leader, and Mr. Kendig is now travel- 
ing through Kansas and Nebraska selling these wheels. 

L. J. Oilier, formerly of St. Louis aud later of Chicago, is now con- 
nected with the Nebraska Cycle Co., Lincoln, Neb. Mr. Oilier writes that 
Manager Reierson will travel on the road and that he will take charge 
during Mr. Reierson's absence. Trade prospects are good out there. 

The Excelsior Chemical Co., Sandusky, O., are catering to the cyclists. 
They are making the Excelsior cycle oil and Excelsior illuminant. The 
oil removes rust from nickel, enamel and steel and sells for fifteen cents a 
bottle. The illuminant is prepared expressly for bicycle lanterns; is 
highly inflammable and non-explosive. It sells for thirty cents a pint. 

J. Willard Parker, Buffalo, N. Y., has taken the sole selling agency fir 
the cycle trade for the wrenches, etc., made by the Capitol Mfg. Co., 
Chicago, and will push their line of goods. The Acme and Hercules 
wrenches are handled by him for cheap and medium grade wheels. His 
line is greatly strengthened by the addition of the Capitol hollow handle 
wrench. 



THE BEARINGS. 



WEIQH TOUR PICTCLE . . . 



Do you 
know about 
Stanley's 
Web-Joint 

Frame 

Fitted only 

to 

Psycho 
Safeties? 

If not, 

see our 

Catalog. 



Road Racer,^ 26^ ponnds, 

Ladies', 30^' 

Light Roadster, " ' 

Full Roadster, 37 " 

Ladies' No. 2, (Cofflb.) 42 pounds, ' 

TOTJE;IST 

Scorcher, 33 ounds, 

Roadster, 40 " all on. 

Track Racer, 22^ pounds. 
Road Scorcher, 29 '■ 
Light Roadster, 35 " all on, 
Full Roadster, 40 " " 



all on, 



38 pounds, all on, 

WE FURNISH TIRES TO SUIT OUR CUSTOMERS. 



Price, $150 

" 150 

" 150 

. " 150 

" M50 

" 150 

" 150 

" 165 

" 150 

" 150 

" 150 

' 125 



Think of 

quality as 

well as 

weight. 

Send for our 

Complete 

1893 

Catalogue. 

Trade Discounts. 

We quote 

best 

prices on 

Western 

Wheel Works 

Safeties. 



TAYLOR CYCLE CO., 270-272 Wabash Ave., Chicago. 

A COMPLETE LINE. 




We Have a Wheel for Everyone. 
FOP LADIES AIND GENTLEMEN. FOR BOYS AND GIRLS. 



FITTED WITH PNEUM ATIC TIKKS. 
The "Varsity," highest grade for gents, list $Uf> 
The "Vassaf," •' " " ladies, " 11.'). u 



There is no line 
like this in the 
country and we ab- 
solutely control it. 




From the Varsity at $1 lo.OO 

List (equal to anv uiac-hioe in the 
country listed at |l6.5.00) down to 
the Blizzard at .$50.00 List. 



REMEMBER 

THEY ARE PNEUMATIC 
MACHINES 

We have Cushions in Proportion. 



The "Courier" for gents list, $95.00 

The "Gypsy" for ladies - " 90.00 



We are now establishing agencies. 



WRITE FOR CATALOGUE AND FULL PARTICULARS. 



HIBBARD, SPENCER, BARTLETT & CO., 

18, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30 and 32 Lake St., CHICAGO. 




DC * ^ I war\o 



FITTED WITH PNEUMATIC TIRES. 

The Tornado for youths list, $70.00. 

The Queen Mab for young ladies " 70.00. 



THE BEARINGS. 



PICKED UP ON CYCLE ROW. 

Many familiar faces are daily disappearing from Cycle Row, Chicago. 
This is the season of the j'ear when the salesman is sent out on the road to 
dispose of the firm's wares. Business is oicking up and almost every store 
on the Row can boast of several sales per week. 

Stover Company's Chicago Branch. 

The Bearing.s learned late last evening that an arrangement was 
closed at Freeport, yesterday afternoon, by which the store at 285 Wabash 
Avenue, Chicago, will be used as the Chicago branch of the Stover Bicycle 
Mfg. Co. It is understood that Mr. Wilcox will manage it, and that Mr. 
Lennie, the company's well known traveler, will make it his headquarters. 

Barwise' Pump. 

R. M. Barwise, of the Stokes Mfg. Co., has applied for a patent on a 
pump which he has invented. It is somewhat similar to the one made by 
C. M. Raymond, of Boston. Instead of using the seat post as part of the 
pump, Barwise has a rod running into the center brace, which acts as a 
piston. To use the pump a rubber tube is fastened to a valve in the lower 
part of the center brace, the seat post is taken off, a knob fastened to the 
steel rod, and the pump is ready for use. Barwise has one of these pumps 
fitted to a Sterling. 

St. Louis Trade Prospects Good. 

L. W. Conkling returned from his St. Louis trip last week. While- 
there he closed a contract with Jordan & Sanders to handle the Swift for 
the state of Missouri. "Trade prospects are good in St. Louis, " said Mr. 
Conkling, "and I think that the dealers there will do a very large business 
this year. There is an excellent demand for high grade wheels and the 
dealers who have machines somewhat ofi"-color will have hard work to 
compete successfully with the other agents." 

Sieg Selling Repair Outfits. 

"I have hard work to fill all orders for my repair outfits" said C. H. 
Seig last week." I have enough orders on hand at present to keep me 
going for a month or so. And they are only wholesale orders. The 
bicycle business is quiet now. Only the old riders buy at this time of the 
year. The new ones wait until about the middle of April before they 
order their wheels." 

Wanted, a Room. 

W. S. Gilmore, of the Marble Cycle Mfg. Co., and Robert Abbott, of 
the Hill Cycle Mfg. Co., advertised in an evening paper for a room on the 
South Side. They received the following reply from a resident of the 
aristocratic neighborhood around 37th street and Armour avenue: 

"January i8th, 1893. 

"Dear sur I haveyoure ad in this eavings news i think I can ackoma- 
date youse with a front bed room on parler now other rumors nor borders." 

They did not take the room. 

Smaller Pick-Ups. 
Mr. Kehoe, of the Pope Company, was in Chicago on Tuesday. 

R. W. Slusser will make a short trip through the Northwest for the 
Century Cycle Mfg. Co. 

W. D. Callender, of The Wheel, has been visiting on the Row. He is 
a quick, bright fellow and a gentleman. 

Every Chicago cycling club will be presented with a World's Fair 
souvenir book, handsomely illustrated, by the Marble Cycle Mfg. Co. 

A. O. McGarrett, of the Overmau Wheel Co., Hal Greenwood, King- 
man & Co.; C. F. Palmer, and James W. Shaw, of Foster and Brown, New 
York, were in Chicago this week. 

Hal Greenwood, now with Kingman & Co., Peoria, was in Chicago 
last week. He came here from St. Louis. He has been in Dakota, Ne- 
braska and Iowa and has done a good business, and is going from here to 
the Pacific Coast, via New Orleans. 

W. F. Hoyt, representing H. A. Lozier Co., called. Mr. Lozier seems 
to be surrounded by big, strong men. Mr. Hoyt, who weighs nearly 190 
pounds, was an enthusiastic participant in the big relay ride and wears his 
souvenir medal with a great deal of pride. He would like to see the ride 
repeated during the summer months. 



Negotiating With the Seddon's Company. 

The Bearings: — In your issue of February 3 you publish ' an article 
in which you say that you have been informed that we have served notice 
of infringement upon Mr. W. Bowden, the newly arrived and energetic 
representative of the Seddon's Tire Co. We do not wish to be put on 
record as being such pugnacious individuals that we bring suit at sight 
against every Irishman or Englishman as soon as he sets foot on American 
soil. But it is true that we hold broad patents on wired tires in this 
country. Any tire in which the outer cover is held to the rim by wires or 
bands and containing an inner tube, like the Dunlop or Seddon tires, is an 
infringement on our patents. We wrote Mr. Bowden immediately upon 
his arrival in this country, and he called upon us a few days thereafter, 
since which time negotiations have been pending, looking toward an 
amicable settlement of our respective rights. We found Mr. Bowden very 
much of a gentleman, and have not the slightest doubt but that the business 
can be settled satisfactorily without recourse to law. Of course if we 
should not succeed in these diplomatic negotiations we will be compelled 
to protect our rights by such means as are at hand. Incidentally we may 
remark that the Sedon tire is the best in the world except ours. 

Passaic, N. J., Feb. 6. Phelps & D1NG1.E Mkg. Co. 

Combining Business With Pleasure. 
William Noble and R. W. Cable, of Los Angeles, Cal., are making a 
bicycle trip through Southern California, combining business with pleas- 
ure. They are advertisers and represent the firms of the Campbell Adver- 
tising Co. and Noble & Chipron. Their trip has already been planned to 
extend over 400 miles. 







)3/{ ^1^4/ "tiW inA/f eJ^A>U\/. 



iyU/yr^ Jk-CtfiA U/Wv (TYS^ Ofr (y^^^T OUJ-^ryJ 



waW.W^'''^^^-^ 



■QA^^Qy 



Xi 




%. 



QJiu^Xo^Xo. 



HIGHEST GRADE ONLY. 

The "P rtect'" Pocket Oiler is unequalled in iiea'uess, cotncDieuce ami 
durability. Does not leak. It al-o regulates the -upply of oil to a nifty 
thus avoiding grease and dirt. Price, 2.5 cents each. Hai d.^omely 
nickel-plated. 

CUSBMAN k DENISON, 

172 9th Ave., - NEW YORK. 

MENTION THE BEARINGS 




Actual ■si/.< 




Two size.s. one for oiler and larger s'x.eto 
carry a pneumatic pump. Easily atiaohed to 
any wheel. Makes tool bags unnecessary. 
'•viiK Oiler or i)uini) if alwavs (;onveiiieiit. 

Prco. 2*"> cents eat"'. Handsomely nickele '. 

CUSIIMAN & DENISON, 

■> <»tli Vv<iiiie. NK^^ V<»KK. 



READING SAFETIES 



MANUFACTURED BY 



W. H WILHELM h CO 



• » 



READING, PA. 



Send foF Catalogue: 



THE BEARINGS, 



WE TOOK ONE WITH US. 



" Take a Kodak with you." The sign stared at ine from the side of a big barn as I 
glanced out of the car window. A mile further on the legend again peered at me from the 
roof of an iv3' grown cottage. I yawned and lazily confounded the sign painters as nui- 
sances. " Use only Hood's Sai-s ." The train shot around a curve. " Take a Kodak 

with you,"— this time from a fence the words stared impudently at nie. With some impa- 
tience I turned from the window and picked up a Century. " Kodaks — Take one on your 
vacation trip, $»i.00 to $65.00 " were the first words my eyes lighted on. Perhaps I said 
something irreligious. 

A week later when Jack and I started on our wheals for a few days' run in the country 
thare was a Kodak thrown over my shoulder. I had succumbed to the eloijuence of the 
paiat brush and printers' ink. Mounted on our air shod steeds of steel we pedaled gaily out 
of the city and spun along among the green fields and shady woods, enjoying to the full 
our recreation. Jack is a scorcher. -After vain attempts to stir me up for a race he had 
a brush with a farmer's boy who was driving a milk cart. There was a whirl of wheels, a 
rattle of cans, a few loud cries of "Git up" and "G'lang," andi^the discomfited youngster 
was left wonderingly in a cloud of dust. I could not resist the tempting shot offered my 
Kodak— the sad eyed quadruped breathing like a steamboat, th^ streams of milk streaking 
down the sides of the cans, and the boy staring in open inoilthed wonder at Jack who 
was streaking up the next hill as though "Zim" were after hltfi. A brindle cow with her 
port horn gone was Jack's next victim and I pressed the button just as the usually 
sedate old lady with head and tail up gave a snort worthy of her heifer days, and set out 
to make the pace. But it was no use; it wasn't her day to win and she will no doubt chew 
the cud of meditation a long time before she again tries a brush with a 2;20 man. On 
every side we found interesting views. Here an idle water wheel, moss grown and falling 
to decay, there a pretty bit of road or an emerald lake nestled among the hills. But the 
prize picture of our collection is a figure study. A country maid, with the brightest of 



eyes^a face richer in color than the Newport tan and Just such a merry mouth as one 
loves to see, is deep among the brambles that grow up over an old Virginia fence, and is 
tilling her pail with l)erries whose rich red vie in color with her lips And beside her, help- 
ing to fill the pail, is our Jack. Oh, Jack, had there been two pails there might have 
been some chance for you, but with only one — . Well, I don't blame you. 

We had stopped at a farm house : nd asked for siielter over night and the berry 

Jiicking episode followed the next morning. jVnd then it rained — not a heavy shower, but 
lack declared we could not go on in the mud and so wc stayed at the house "and Kodaked 
all day long, making some valuable additions to our collection. I don't know how long 
he would have remained had not our vacation come to an end at aliout this time. As it 
was we were obliged to take the train home, feeling, however, that the vacation was well 
spent, thougli only too short. And now that the ground is covered with snow and our 
wheels are stored away in the garret, we live over again the pleasures of that trip as we 
look over our album of kodak pictures. Hanging over the mantel is our prize picture— the 
berry picking scene. " Paul and Virginia " we call it, but alas, I am to be left alone in the 
spring for Paul is gang to claim his Virginia in the month of roses. My only consolation 
will be in the Kodak pictures which will help to keep green in my memory the jolly days 
of old, before Jack took himself to the married state and as I sit before the flrein the 
long winter evenings and look at our "Paul and Virginia" hanging m the place of honor, 
my eyes rest long and wistfully on the simple country maid and I sigh heavily, "Lucky, 
lucky Jack." , 

And now my anger is turned to gratitude toward the p«.int brush man who decorates 
the barns with the legend HTake a Kodak with you." Peter Pepalpi'sher. 



WANTED. — A first-class experienced enameler to take charge of 
enamel room for a large cycle works. Must be thoroughly first-class in 
every respect. A good steady job to the right man. 

Apply X Y Z, care of Bearings. 



AS STEADILY AS THE WORLD GOES AROUND 



So Whirl iwtoifiE Wheels 

IN IMPROVEMENTS THEY MORE THAN HOLD [HEIR OWN. 
OUR LINE FOR 1893: 




Roadster "E," weight 39 lbs., $150.00. 



Scorcher "F," weight 33 lbs., $160.00. 



Special " G," weight 28 lbs. 




PtwvtHlQl la^at wnw/. 



Ladles' " H," weight 38 lbs. 



"Racer," weight 24 lbs., $160.00. 



ALL HIGH GRADE— ALL GUARANTEED— ALL 




:i LINES. 



TIRES 




PNEUMATIC -TIRES 



WE WANT YOUR NAME FOR OUR 1893 MAILING LIST. 

AMES 5. FROST COMPANY 

302-4 W/1M5H AVENUE, CHK/qQO. 
CHAS. H SIEG MEG CO.. AGENTS CHICAGO. 



MEN-riON THE BEARINGS 



LIGHTNESS, STRENGTH. BEAUTY. SMflLLEY BICYCLES. 

FOUR STYLES — Light Roadster, Road Racer, Track Racer (new style handle bars). Ladies' Wheel. 
Round or Elliptical Sprocket, weight 25 to 40 pounds. 

Good Agents wanted in Every Town in the United States. Write for terms and territory. Catalogue 
giving full description mailed on application. Please mention this paper. 

A Written Guarantee, Tool Bag, Tools and Perfection Repair Outfit with each wheel. 

Marblb Cyclk Mfg. Co., 



RETAIL DKPOT— 

•JTl Wabash Ave., Chicago, III. 



PLYMOUTH, IND. 



Zimmerman rides the Raleigh. We are Agents for Illinois. 



THB BEARINGS. 



Only Two 
Styles- . 




1893 ROAD KING 



In strictly high grade wheels we make but two styles or designs, the Road King and Road Queen, both of which are shown herewith. 
We make, in these two wheels, machines which will suit the public, not the racing men. We have not deemed it necessary to build a half- 
dozen different shapes and weights. We have made two wheels of such material, design, weight, finish, etc., so as to meet the demand for 
a reliable road wheel. Road riders will satisfy us — we do not want to make racing machines and capture records, we are satisfied with the 
good will and opinion of those who journey over the road. We have catered to the riding public and expect to get our business from that 
source as well as a few good words for the Road King, Road Queen and the Dunlop Detachable Tire. 

DISTRIBUTING AGENTS: 

Wright & DiTSON, Boston, Mass. Territory: the New England States. 

PBCK & Snyder, New York City. Territory: Eastern New York, Eastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey and 

Virginia, Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, east of Washington County. 
The McInTOSH-Huntington Co., Cleveland, O. Territory: Ohio, Indiana, Western New York, Western 

Pennsylvania, Michigan, South of and including Grand Rapids. 
Kingman & Co., Peoria, 111., St. Louis., Mo., Kansas City, Mo., Omaha, Neb., and Des Moines, la. Territory: 

N. Dakota, S. Dakota, Iowa, Illinois (except Cook County), Central and Western Kentucky, Tennesee, 

Georgia, Florida and all West thereof. 
Jas. W. Grove, Pittsburgh, Pa. Territory: Allegheny Co. 
Lindsay Brothers, Milwaukee, Wis. Territory: Wisconsin and Minnesota. 




A. FEATHERSTONE & CO. 



1893' ROAD QUEEN. 



letti & Clark Sts. and 
ArnaouLr Ave., 

Chicago. 



Mtntion The Bearings. 



There is no Doubt 

No Shadow of Doubt 

No Possible Doubt Whatever 




That the TOURIST BICYCLE is the one you want. Because: It is made as carefully, 
as a chronometer watch, and runs just as smoothly. It won't fall apart, and it 
won't break down,- and it won't cost you one dollar a year. And it won't " chuck," 
and besides it is made by the . 

GEO. R BIDWELL CYCLE CO. 

306»3io West 59th 5t.. new Tork. 



AND SO ARE THE TIRES, ^vhich surpass anything on 
tine nnarkzet. Send, for Catalogue and Circulars. 



Mention The Bearings. 



THB BEARINGS. 



U 



TheWintonisaWinner 



n 



niQHE5T QR/lbE 
THROUQIIOUT. 



E45IE/T 
RUNNING 
BE4RINQ5 IN 
THE WO(?LD. 




TRUE DOUBLE 
DmnSND FRflflE. 



WINTON 
FERFECT 
FNEyflflTK 
TIRE5. 



THE WINTON LIGHT ROADSTER. 

NO AGENCY COMPLETE WITHOUT THIS DISTINCTIVE AND THOROUGHLY FIRST-CLASS MACHINE. 

Win ton Roadster, all on - - 40 lbs. Price. $150.00 I Winton Ladies, improved design - 38 lbs. Price, |150. 00 
Winton Light Roadster, stripped - 30 lbs. Price, 150.00 Winton Racer, nothing like it - 20 lbs. Price, 160.00 

THE WINTON BICYCLE CO. 



If there is no Agent in your place, know all 
about as by asking for a Catalogue. 



Mention The Bearings. 



108 PERKINS AVE.. CLEVELAND. OHIO. 



I-i 



IS^i^^FR 



I-i 



F=RC:> 



FR 



THE "ELLIPTIC 



>> 




IS THE FIRrX BICYCLE TO BE RIDDEN A MILE IN LESS THAN TWO MINUTES. 



Elliptig'8 WORLD'S Records ir^:"""' 



'ing Start 1.5G 3-5 

" 55 1-2 

" 26 1-5 



1 Mile, Standing Start 2.04 3-5 

y^ " " " 58 3-5 

X " " " 30 



The "ELLIPTIC" embodies the highest degree of inventive and mechanical excellence, as its superiority on 
both track and road has fully demonstrated. Manufactured by 

FREEPORT BICYCLE MFG. CO., Freeport, Ills. 

GOOD AGENTS WANTED IN UNOCCUPIED TERR TORY. 



THE BEARINOS. 



DUNLOP DETACHABLE CIRES 

Ars as Tough as Elephant's Hide and as Soft as an Old Glove. 




A DISINTERESTED OPINION. 

" In the new Detachable Dunlop 
Tire the Dunlop Co. have secured a 
tire which will keep up the reputation 
of the old Dunlop, and even enhance 
it. The outer cover possesses that 
peculiarly soft feeling which was popu- 
larly supposed to give the old Dunlop 
'ts life and speed. 

Brakespeare. 

— In Philadelphia Cycling. 



The Dunlop costs a IHtle more 
but . 




THE AMERICAN DUNLOP TIRE CO 



MKNTION THK BEARINas 



160 FIFTH AVENUE, NEW YORK, 



FALCONS 



'5>m$^ 



yin\^ 






'55!' 



FOUR STYLES. 



THEY ARE SOMETHING YOU CAN DEPEND ON. 



Notice what they are made of. — Mannesmann Spiral Drawn 
Tube aod Drop Forgings used throughout. Pneumatic tires. Russet 
rims. Ball bearings all around. 

We control the sale of the Falcons. Send for our new Bicycle 
Catalogue . 






*^ 




THE W. BinGHAM COMPAfiY 



MENTION THK BCAAINQS 



Gl^^sr^letrxd.^ 01:xio< 



THE BEARINGS. 




EAGLE AND PULLMAN BICYCLES 

The Finest 1893 Machine 

Very HighestGrade Throughout. 



EAGLE, 30 LBS. 



SAMPLES NOW ON EXHIBITION. 

Agencies being made daily. Write us. 

WOODROUGH & HANCHETT CO. 

^ ^ ^ 38 40 LAKE STREET. CHICAGO. 



See Cut Next Week. 



PULLMAN. 35 LBS. 



THE REMINGTON 



THREE PATTERNS FOR '93. 



Light Roadster, actual weight 32 lbs. Roadster, 44 lbs. Ladies' Wheel, 42 lbs. 

PRICES, S140.00. 

Material best obtainable ; Workmanship unsurpassed. Mannesmann Tubing. 
Warwick Hollow Rims, and a variety of the best Pneumatic Tires to select from. 

SEND POR CATALOGUE. 

REMINGTON ARMS COMPANY, 



Works at llion, New York. 



316 BROADWAY, N. Y. 



VERY BEST VALUE FOR THE MONEY. 

We also make 

Fleet wing and Envoy 

BICYCLES, 

and the celebrated GEM TRICYCLE. 

First-Class in Every Respect. 

UfilQUE Send for Catalogue. 

BUFFALO TRICYCLE CO., 640 Linwood Avenue, BUFFALO, N. Y. 

VIENTIONTHE BEARINGS. 




THE BEARINGS. 



WE WANT LIVE AGENTS TO HANDLE... 

The f). % fl. Special 

Weighs 19, 24, 30 and 36 lbs. Humber Frame. 
28 in. Wheels. '93 DunlopDetachable Tirep, and 
actual weights . . . 

APPLICATIONS FOR AGENCIES SHOULD BE MADE NOW. 

EXCLUSIVE TERRITORY GIVEN. 




The D. & R. SPiiClALi— Weight 30 ibs. 



SAMPLE WHEELS READY FOR IMMEDIATE DELIVERY. 

D^AN & ROGERS CYCU CO., 

TAUNTON, MASS. 



The Bison 




Made of the Best Material that money can buy. 



The Finest, Lightest and Strongest Wheel 
in the Market. 



OINLY WANT A FEW MORE RELIABLE AGENTS. 

Write for Prices. 

GIBSON & PRENTISS CYCLE CO 

500 Washington St., BUFFALO, N. Y. 

MENTION THE BEARINGS. 



New 




Lithographs 

for 1893 



\1 /"E have now in course of engraving an 
entirely new lot of Lithographs for 1893 
which will be far superior in point of design 
and workmanship to those of 1892. Special 
plates of Zimmerman, Tyler and Windle. 
Samples ready in January. 



N. H. Van SicKlcn 




57 Plymouth Place 
Chicago 



THE GENERAL VERDICT 

of all who have tried the " Thistle," no matter what wheel they have been 
riding before, is: " It is the easiest riding wheel thej- ever sat on." We 
have yet to see a " Thistle" that needed repairs. 



EASTERN, WESTERN AND 
SOUTHERN STATES 



ILLINOIS, MICHIGAN, INDI. 
ANA, OHIO and KENTUCKY 



The FULTON MACHINE WKS, Mason & Mason, 

82 & 86 Fulton Street. 599 West Madison St. 

CWCAGO, ILL. CHICAGO, ILL. 

HIGH GRADE. 




Elliptical or Regnlar Sprocket. Morgan & Wright Pneumatic Tires 



THE BEARINGS. 



This is the machine whidi creatoil so 
much discussion during the early part 
of 189*2. Many believed that a road 
wheel under ;55 pounds weight could not 
stand up on our r'uigh American roads; 
and to ask riders to have contidetice in 
a 27 pound road wheel seemed to many 
a ridiculous task. Now, however, after 
the season is closed, and all fie James 
wheels are still as riRid and fairy-like 
as ever, and with no critics, and every 
well posted rider its frienii, the James 
comes forth in its '93 style with a num- 
ber of improvements 'in details which 
puts it asjain at least two seasons ahead 
of any other make in respect of quality 
and light weight for road use. 




I'lease understand readers that the 
heaviest nriachine \,e sill weighs only 
27 pounds ready for all around road 
us(!, littc' with road tires and a spring 
saddle. The same machine with a 
racing saddle will weigh under 2<> 
pounds; and this machine is fuHy guar- 
anteed in every particular: viz.: adver- 
tised weights, quality of construction, 
perfection in every part. 

We have already taken orders for 
about all the machines we shall be able 
to get this season and therefore do not 
wish to appoint large agencies. We 
would like a good rider in each repre- 
sented district, and invite correspon- 
dence. 



Road Racer 2(i pounds, with Racing Saddle. 
Road Ra'er 27 pounds, with Spri"g Saddle. 
Roadster 30 pounds. Spring Saddle, Brake and Mud-Ouards. 
Ladies 30 pounds, Spring Saddle, Brake and Mud-Guards. 
Any one of the above, $150.00. 
■ Fitted with any make of Pneumatic tires which can 
be successfully attached to the Warwick hollow rims 
always used in the James. 



"X^HE} 



ii 



cJ-a.:m:es" 



Track Racer 22 pounds up, SISS-O*!. 
All of the above are built of specially selected materi- 
als—Warwick hollow rims, high tension spokes, butt-ended 
washered brass nipples, cork handles, tubing by the old 
company, cranks by Southard, pedals by Bown, work- 
manship by Harry James. 



J. BRIDGEK, Pres. 



jnmES cvciiE imPOHTifio co. 



MARSHALL F. HOLMKS, Treas. 



Rooms 980 ar>d 990 Caxton Building, 
MENTION THE BEARINGS 344-Dearborn Street, 



cmc/iQO. 



DEALERS WEST OF THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER: 



We want a few good dealers west of the Mississippi River to handle the McCUNE 
Bicycle, manufactured by the McCune Cycle Co., Everett, Mass. We have a limited number of 
these wheels to place, and can ship from our branch depots in Chicago or Davenport. 

Mr. J. B. McCune, maker of this wheel, is one of the most experienced cycle builders in the 
country. He was formerly prominently connected with" the Union Cycle Mfg. Co., is respected as 
an authority upon the combination in bicycles of lightness and great strength, and has exhaustively 
studied the subject of vibration. Learning cycling is made easy by using the perfectly steering 
McCune bicycle. Its frame is so scientifically constructed that when struck with the finger 
nail it gives forth a bell-like sound, proving correct distribution of strong points; and the construc- 
tion is such that local vibration, which breaks so many frames, is impossible. The wheel is made 
in various weights. A 30-pound McCune will carry a 200 pound man anywhere. It has stood 
such a test lor a full season. These are facts. Write us. 



BUCKEYE CYCLE CO., 25 West Fifth Street, CINCINNATI, OHIO. 




lpo\{ to Your l9t(?r<?st 

If you want a medium priced wheel that will 
stand hard u.se, see our line before buying, 
made in three sizes. 

Crawford No. I for Men. 

Crawford No. 2 for Youths. 

Crawford No. 3 for Boys 

Our No. 3 has stood a test of a 1000 lbs. ; many 
of our friends at tlie Cycle Show saw it. Do you 
know of any other make of boys wheels that will 
beat it? 

We make the best sellers of any medium grade 
wheels manufacturer, becaiise they are durable. 

WRITE FOR CATALOGUE. 

The Crawford Mf?. Co., 

HAGERSTOWIN. MD. 



THE BEARINGS. 




• • • 



<'W't>'l.><.'<i/<>«'»'t<M.'ti><tfMS<'U'tl>t>>«>'<>«<>(<t(*t/'l<'lt>t>>^'<.l>t/>u^<it<»>' 



... IS ON THE MARKET FOR '93. 




™I.™OFflGTURER 1,8. USING " Hu^g^p Lj^^g •• 

GET THE GENUINE HUMBER^^ 

— Ap50L(jtely the Be5T. 

THE NO. 3 RACER IS 22 lbs. ALL ON, GUARANTEED 
WEIGHT, AND STRONGER THAN ANY OTHER 

Live Agents Wanted. 



8H0VFRLING, DALY S GALES, 



502 BROADWAY. 

MENTION THE BEARINGS 



HEIW YORK. 



Are You Out 
For Business? 



The Cycle Show's Highest 
Award to 



WARWICK CYCLES 



LIQHTEST. 5TR0NQE5T, 
BEST. 

KIDE NO OTHKK, 



Catalogues on Application. 



WARWICK CYCLE MFG. CO. 

SFRINQFIELb, HASS. 



B 



MENTION THE BEARINGS 



CklES. for 1893 



WARRANTED 




TO BE THE 

Highest Class of Work 
in the 

STRICTEST SENSE. 

The Gendrou No. 15. 

Price $150.00. 
Weight all on 36 pounds. 

•- I^H-.... 

AGENCIES NOW 
BEING PLACED. 

The (iendron No. 14. 
Weight all on 3« pounds. WRITE FOR CATALOGUE 




QENDRON IRON WHEEL Q2. 



TOLEDO, OHIO. 

MCNTIOH THI BEARINGS 



NENA^ YORK. 

10? CHAMBERS ST. 



BALLS 



Are one of the most important parts of a cycle, and 
great care should be used in the selection of them. 
Why not leave this part of the business to those who 



have made it a 
all the complex 
i n g there- 

Grant Anti-Friction 

pre-eminent in 
will see that 
get rtothiing 




study and avoid 
difficulties aris- 
from. The 

Bail Company are 

this business and 
their customers 
but the best. 



The largest, best equipped and most modern plant 
in the United States manufacturing balls exclusively. 
Write for prices and samples to 

Grant Anti-Friction Bail Co. 



JOHN J. GRANT. 

Pre*, a acN. MAon. 



FITCHBURG, MASS. 



THE BEARINGS. 



Only a Few W/inted ! 
Wn/iT ? 

QoodAqents 




HALLADAY-TEMPLE 
SCORCHER. 



Mauu factured 
by the 



A lew more good agents wanted 

^^ — That's all. 

MARION, IND 



$100 



$100 



THE ELMORE 



THE ONLY 



Humber Pattern Pneumatic Safety 

ON THE MARKET AT THE PRICE. 

Withoiit question the Finest Medium Grade Cycle 
ever produced. 

THE EQUAL OF MANY SO-CALLED HIGH GRADE SAFETIES 

Dealers Write for Terms for the Best Seller 
on the Market 

ELMORE MFG. CO. 



Ralph Temple, Agent, 

158 aad St., Chicago. 



Mention The Bcarings. 



MENTION THE BEARINGS 



.ELMORE. OHIO 




-\^ 



KINGMAN & CO. 

9JU S. Washington St., PEORIA, ILL. 

KINGMAN h CO. 

202 S. Eighth St., ST. LOUIS, MO. 

(Warehouse: East St. Louis, 111.) 

KINGMAN & CO. 

1206W. Eleventh St., KAN. CITY, MO. 

KINGMAN & CO. 

li/inth and Pacific Sts., OMAHA, NEB. 

KINGMAN & CO. 

Peoria omce and Warehouse. '^''^'^ OndVinO StS., DES MOINES, lA. 
New Warehouse being erected on the 

'^" THE CYCLES WE SELL ARE: 

King of Scorchers— Racer. 

King of Scorchers— Semi -Racer. 
King of Scorchers-Light Roadster 

Q,ueen of Scorchers. 
Road King. Road Clueen. 
Clipper. Hustler. Mermaid. 
Outing. Umpire. Glideaway. 
Athlete. 
Peoria No. 3. 
Witch. Sprite. 

jMHI^ti^ 

Jp^BiPEBl^ - 



Qampbell 5I8O 
Cycles 



00 
10 




FACTORY 

Park and S03 Peai-l 
Streets. 



ABSOLUTELY THE HIGHEST GRADE BICYCLES BUILT, 



Aluminum Alloys and Spiral Fibre Tubing used in their construction 
Balls for bearings gauged to i-io,ooo part of an inch. Racer, 22 lbs., Ligh 
Roadster, 28 lbs., Roadster 35 lbs. Apply early for 1893 Agencies and Ter- 



ritories. 




KINGMAN an-i CO, 



CYCLE CATALOGUE NOW READY 




CAMPBELL MFG, CO. 



31-23 CENTRE ST., 



N. Y. CITY. 



Mention The bearings. 



THE BEARINOS. 



NICKEL 



\l 



Send for Catalogue of 
NICKEL & ELECTRO-PLATING 
SUPPLIES^POLlShlNG MATERIALS 



PLATING 



ZUCKER&LEVETT 
CHEMICAL CO. 

OFFICES, 10.12. I4GRAND ST. 
I Ik ■ #% NewYork.U.5.A. 



WORKS, 

Flushing, N.Y. 



OUTFITS 



For a silvery 
white deposit 
of nickel, use 
our Pure Ano- 
des and Salts. 
French, Amer- 
ican, Plain 
Spanisli, Felt 
\\ heels, or in 
Sheets. Mus- 
lin Puffs, Wal- 
rus L e a t li e r 
wheels or liides 
Oak tanned 
Leather cov- 
*• r e d wlieels. 
C. P. Cyanide 
of Potassium 
Fused Cyanide 
of Potassium. 
Roughes Com- 
positions Tri- 
poli Composi- 
tions Buffing 
Lathes. 



le lWOI«TM C:A.-K[Jk.L, STKkCH^T, CJHICA-GiO. 



Mention The Bearings. 



The Famous English Sanspareil 




WE WANT 

RESPONSIBLE DEALERS 
FOR AGENTS 









LUTHY & COMPANY, 

IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALERS, 




J. A. HUNT & CO., 



MANUFACTURERS OF 



Pneumatic and Improved Leather Saddles, 

TOOL BAGS, BICYCLERS' SUNDRIES. 

We are on top in the quality of our goods, and intend 
to be on the bottom with prices. We manufacture all 
kinds of Saddles, Tool Bags and Toe Clips, and are in the 
market with a large line of Pedals, Sundries, etc. Write 
for prices. 

J. A. HUNT & CO., 




WESTBOROUCH, MASS. 



Miiig - 



13 




itlENTION THE BEARINQS 



HOYLAND Smith writes: 

flnd Hoyland Smith is a Bicycler everybody knocus. 

Hartford Cycle Co.: G-entlemen— Your frame of the '93 pat. E. machine is 

in my opinion the best on the market. It is the only frame of that style which 

does not make the rider take "a monkey on a stick position" without reversing 

the saddle post. Very truly, 

(Signed) HOYLAND SMITH. 
Hartford Cycle Co., Hartford, Conn. MENT.oNTHEBEARiNQ. 



THB BEARINGS. 



HAVE YOU SNAP? IN UNOCCUPIED TERRITORY WE CAN MAKE YOU MONEY on FOLLOWING BICYCLES! 



UNION, 

Cen. and So. Ohio. Ky. and W. Va. 

WARWICK, 

So. Ohio, Ky., Tenn., W.Va. & So. Ind 

SMALLEY, 

So. Ohio, Ky,, Tenn., W.Va. & So. Ind. 

CLEVELAND 

Southwestern Ohio. 




STERLING, 

Cent. »!v: So. Ohio, Eastern Ky. 

RALEIGH, 

Cent. & So. Oh:0, Ky.,Tenn..an(i W. \'a. 

FALCON, 

Central and So. Ohio. 

CINCINNATUS 

U. S. A. 



FOR TERMS AND LIBERAL DISCOUNTS, 

- - - WRITE =^^===r 



DEXTER - 



THE UNIVERSE 



J. E. POORMAN, 8tli and RACE STREETS, CINCINNATI, OHIO. 



Solid Tires chan«ed to Cushions, $15.00 Cushions to Pneumatics, »85.00. 



MENTION ThB BEARiNnA 



ii 



NENA/ DEPARTURE" ALARM BELLS 




HAVE MADE THEIR REPUTATION. 




FOR CIRCULAR APPLY TO EITH R 



THE NEW DEPARTURE BELL CO., 




JOHN H. GRAHAM & CO.. Cen. Agts. 



Mention THE bearings. 



BRISTOL, CONN. 



113 CHAMBERS ST., NEW YORK 




!823 PHANTOM 



A White Blackbird 
A Noiseless Hummer 



AND HAS THE CHICAGO "GET THERE." 

Write for Complete Description. 

A LIVE AGENT WANTED IN EVERY TOWN IN 
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 

THE HEINRY SEARS CO., no & 112 Wabash Avenue. CHICAGO 



MENTION THE BEARINQ8 




FOR THAT TIRED FEELING 



USE 



SAGER'S SADDLES. 



SAGER'S SCORCHER 




S.\GER'S SPRING SADDLE. 



They are a rare combination of strength, Lis^htness, Durability and Comfort. 

THE ONLY SADDLES THAT STAND THE BACKET. 

WE CU ARA^7*EE our U lb. Truss Frame Scorcher to carry a 200 lb. man anywhere. 
Our Sprinp- "*''<^/e n weighing If lbs. and 3 inclies high is built especially for comfort. 



"^■P- tennsylvania. 



THE RICH Sl SAGER CO., 

ROCHESTER, N. Y. 



A, O. VERY CYCLE CO. 

Agents East of Ohio. 



! 



THE BEARINGS. 




A GREAT INVENTION! 



A BICYCLE LAMP 

MAINTAINED BY 

ELECTRICITY 

AT A COST OF 50 CENTS 
PER YEAR. 

No oil, wicks or liquids . . , Will not smoke, explode or blow out. 
Gives double the light produced by the best oil lamp in existence. 
Send all oraers direct to 

John T. Van Smith, Manager, 

We have no 

Traveling Representative. 
Send for Catalogue, 
Prices and Terms. 



Chicago Electric Headligbt Co. 



31 to 33 S. Canal St., CHICAGO. 



OUR 



LADIES' PHOENIX 



LEADS THEM ALL, 

P'or Excellence of Material, Elegance of Design 
and Beauty of Finish. 

OUR LADIES" Paragon combines Bf auty 
Strength and Lightness. 

We claim for our 1893 THOROUGHBRED 
PHOENIX the best material, best workmanship, 
lightness, strength, be <uty and speed. 

We Warrant Every Wlieel to be 
Perfect. 

The Stover Bicycle Mfg. Co., 

Send for ^latalog. FKEEPORT, ILL. 

\AENTION THE BEARINGS 





Flat Spring Scorcher. 




Wire Spring Scorcher. 



GARFORD SADDLES! WHERE THEY ARE!! MORE GOING!! 



Demand them for your wheel. 

HARTFORD HIQH QRflbE FNEUn^TIC TIRES 



We will soon have their new inner tube design — Worth waiting for. 



Tubing, Chains, Forgings, Fork Sides, Rims and other goods in 
store or on contracts at best prices and terms. 



PARKHURST & WILKINSON. 



Mention THE bearings. 



ISO East Kinzie Street, 
CHICAGO. 



Garford Saddles for 1893 

Most Cycle Manufacturers have adopted them as their Standard. Dealers and Man- 
ufacturers will do well to insist upon their use. The line comprises twenty-two dis- 
tinct saddles. Price list on application. 



THE GARFORD MFG. CO., ELYRIA , O 



MENTION THE BEARING* 



LARGEST SADDLE MANUFACTURERS IN >rVAB 



M^O^^ 



THE BEARINGS. 



BERGFEUS SADDLES! 



NO MORE CHAFING! 

ASK YOUR DEALER FOR THEM. 



Tlr%.& I.,lg;lit IRocfccaster 




For Lightness, Ease, Comlort and Strength 



Hixag^e Saddle, 



UGH TEST, EASIEST, 

CHEAPEST, BEST. 

MrNTIOTJ Tur BFaPlNfiS 



They have no equal. They are adjustable to suit taste 
of rider without altering their relative position to the 
pedals. They do not bag, but are self-tensioning. Write 
to us for prices and fuller description. 

OUR NEW SCORCHER WEIGHS ONLY 21 02S. 

>/IANURA.CTURED BY 

NEWARK NICKEL PLATING COMPANY, 

44-62 Lawrence Street, Newark, N. J. 




DO YOU CATCH ON 



TO THE HINGE? 



RED STAR SOLID ILLUMINANT. 



Trade 



^ 



Mark. 



' FOR BICYCLE LAMPS. 

A solid compound that will not leak oi- .'^pill, but stavs where it be- 
longs—in the lamp. If you wish to .avoid the many petty annoyanc es a 
lamp has heretofore caused you, give up the old rtuid oil and use our Solid 
Illuminant. Price, 50 cents per can. 

The Red Star Chain Lubricant is put up in stick form and will save time 
and bother in applying to the chain. Price, 25 cents. The Red Star 
Lubricating Oil is made especially for ball bearings. Price, 25 cents. 

For sale by all dealers. Samph s forwarded on receipt of price. 

Send a postal for our little folder. 

RED STAR MANUFACTURING CO., 

p. o. Box 1092. 58 Front St., N. Y. 

mcuFPE^R scorche:r 



1893 PATTERN 



PRICES: 

Clipper Si'orclier, ^\'M> 

" Ladies' 12.1 

" Roadster . 12-') 

STRICTLY 

HIGH 

GRADE. 



(5r«"g»"' 





Send 




Application for 


^5^^ 


Jobbing 


m^ 


. Territory 
\ and 


^P^ 


/ Lccal Agencies 


*==u^^ 


At Once. 



Humber pattern frame— 28 -inch wheels— 44-iDch base— 1 -inch head— fiO-inch gear — lap 

joints — patent crank fastenings— spokes and nipples removable without touching tires 

—expert construction— superior finish— weight, Scorcher, S.") lbs., Roadster, 41 lbs. 

Grand Rapids Cycle Co. 

MENTION THE BEARINGS. GRAND RAPIDS, MICH. 

SOMETHING NEW IN CYCLOMETERS 



A PERFECTLY RELIABLE INSTRUMENT. 

Guaranteed accurate and perfect in me- 
chanical construction. Fits on axle of front 
wheel. Adjustable collar to prevent rattle 
and to fit different sized axles. Easily read 
from saddle. 

Price - - $5.00 

AGENTS WANTED. 




Dottble Ball Valve Pump 



ENTIRELY NEW PRINCIPAL. 



$3.00 




$300 



Universal connection. Will tit any valve made. No lo.sing- 
of small parts. Weighs only 1 1-2 pounds. 12-incU barrel, 
11-2 diameter. Beautifully nickeled. Send for dealers terms. 

S F HEATH CYCLE CO. 



703-705 Nicollet Ave., 



MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. 



CURTIS PEDAL 



Set ol Four Plates 



and Screws 



$2-00 



POST 
PAID. 




AN ABSOLUTELY 
DUST PPOOF 
BALL PEDAL. 
$7.00 

The ends are cold pressetl 
from the Best Steel, 
hardened and ground. 

A liberal discount to 
the trade. 

3 5-8 INCHES LONG. 

PATENTS PENDING 



V.V.>**\\>^ ^^ ^^\ 



The REEb & c:(jrti5 Aachine 5clrew Co, 



WORCESTER, MASS. 
We wish to call the attention of bicycle riders and dealers to the fact that we can furnish 
them with a rat trap plate that they can put into the same pedals as the rubbei^ are uswl in. 

Trade Your Old Wheel 



POR A NEW 



Columbia Relay, 29 lbs., or Thistle, 28 or .•{2 lbs. 
Century, 85 lbs., or Fowler, 26 or .32 lbs. 
Rambler, 28 to 37 l» s. 



By making a deal now you can get a bigger price 

on your old wheel and get your 7iew one in good time. 

Avoid delay. Send for catalogue and 2nd-hand list. 



GREAT BARGAINS IN 2ND HAND WHEELS. 



The Whitten-Godding Cycle Co. 



Manufacturers 
Agents. 



PROVIDENCE, R.I. 



We want Bicycle Riders for 
our agents for the Thistle 
Apply at once. 
Correspondence solicited. 

MENTION THE BEARINGS 



Mason, b Mason. 

599 W. Madison St. 

^«wiiv- Chicago. 



THE BKARINGS. 




RED SEAL 

CYCLE ENAMEL 

For re-enaineling bicycles. The only 
thoroughly reliable article for this pur- 
pose on the market, and never fails to 
give satisfaction. Anyone can apply 
it! It affords the dealer a handsome profit. 
Black and white, and ten beautiful 
colors. 



107 JOMES ST. 



It will pay all 
Jobbers and Dealers 
to write us for 
Prices and Discounts. 




DETROIT, MICH. 



WCNTION THE BEARINaS 



The INtaeara 

Dust Proof 
Indestructible 

atTap Pedal. 

WEIGHT, 10 OZ. 

This Is the Only Rat-Trap Pec^al in the World Having 

DROP-FORGED FOOT PLATES. 

Hi^h grade in every respect. Steel Balls and Bearing Case.s. 
Ball Bearings for AVooden Wheels. 




Our goods are in use from 

San Francisco to St. Petersburg. 



NIAG&RA MACHINE CO., 



BUFFALO, N. Y. 




INVISIBLE ENAMEL 



THE NICKEL 
PROTECTOR 



Dl 



,*WEGUMANrEETHISENAMELTOBEM«D£0F«g 
§m MOST DUMSIE MATEPIALS. IT DOES NOT CONTAIN^ 
jmm RUBBER OR ASPHAUUM AND WILL NOf " 

Jft;':: CRACK OR PEELOFf 

JJl^NT r\\ with BrushJOJ 



AVrite for Information 



BLACK DIAMOND 



■ II1IU Slllll' 



:ai;: 



matuj 



^ING OF BLACK ENAMELS 

Fred'k C. Gilbert & Co, 

206 Broad St., 

ELIZABETH, N. J. 



Electros Furnished 



Mention the Bearings. 



THE PNEUMllTIC PATENT OIL CAN. 

(Pat. July 31,1877.') 
Has all the desirable features of the 
best known oilers on the market, and 
surpasses them in merit, in that it 
has two spring plates on the 
sides near the end which en- 
ables one to reach places 
of difficult access ; is ' .' 

provided with an 
internal pin 
which not 
only 




prevents 

caking, but 

is handy for 

cleaning oil holes, 

etc. 



GHflS. J. HflUGK S SON, 

MANUPAITI-REKS OF 

METAL NOVELTIES, 

Mention THE BEARINGS BROOKLYN, N. Y. 



THE IDEAL STAND 

This clamp will hold any style of 
wheel by the front fork, crank or 
rear frame rod, being equally effec- 
tive for all styles of spring or rigid 
forks. 

It is entirely covered with rubber 
and cannot injure the finest finish. 

You will not be troubled by your 
wheels falling if you use this stand. 

Every bicycle agent should have 
our stands. 

Prices I. OO. 

(Discount to the trade.) 



Hay&Willits 




INbI4N/IF0LI5, INDl^N/l. 



T'^^Capitol Hollow-Handle Wrench 



WEIGHT 
6 1-2 OZ. 




STRENGTH 
UNLIMITED 



"The hollow handle of the Capi'^ol Wrench is a very convenient place for 
rubber cement to mend pneumatics. It i.s air-tight and very handy." 
—Old Bider. 

Made by CAPITOL MFG. CO., CHICAGO, ILL. 

Address Inquiries to Sole Selling Agent, 

J. WiLLARD Parker, Buffalo, N. Y. 

MENTION THE BEARINGS 

PNEUMATIC TIRE 



AIR PUMPS 



We Manufacture 
: : the : : 



BEST and ONLY perfect Air Pump in 

the market. A trial will convince 

you. Call or write for prices 



^ 



Copper and Steel 

Air Receivers 

Pressure "Valves and 
Air Gauges 

ROBERT OWENS 



^ 



326 
K. Washington St, 

Mention The Bearings. 



CHICAGO 




WE CLAIM PERFECTION 



Absolutely Correct in Principle. 
Guaranteed the Easiest Riding 

Saddle ever made. 
'93 Riders who appreciate comfort 

will use the LENOX. 
Dealers must have them. Write 

for circulars. 

COLUMBIAN 
NOVELTY CO. 

766 Broad St., NEWARK, N. 




Price, 87.00. 
MENTION THE BEARINGS 



THE BEARINGS. 



HEARTLEY MACHINE, VARIETY IRON AND TOOL WORKS. 

ESTABLISHED 1876. 

Special Patented Machinery and Tools for the manufactui-e of Bicycle and Metal 
Wheels. Power and Hand Punching and Shearing Machinery. Punches and Dies and 
Drop Forging Dies, etc. The New Ideal Self-Oiling Adjustable Punch Chuck. Designer 
and Builder of Tools for Patented Specialties. fl£6^ Famous Roller Power Welding and 
Forming Machine, for Welding Tires on all Irregular Shaped Work ; forms Mud Guards 
and drawing Brace Ends, eic. Tire Roller and Trueing Machines. Tire Sizing 
and Trueing Tables. Tire Punches, special for Punching Tires. Press to Force 
Sprocket Wheel on Pedal Crank Shaft, special Spoke Heading and Threading Machine. 
Power Automatic Riviting Machine. Wheel Vices and Special Tools. Beaver Valley 
Gas Furnace for heating to Weld and Braze, etc. 

Heartley Machine, Variety Iron and Tool Wori[s, 

Toledo, Ohio. 

ROBERTyON'5 

An Fait Trouser Clip 

Price 15c. EnamelFiuish. 

Light, Strong, Neat. 

W ill more firmly hold the 
trousers, not nearly so con- 
spicuous, do not take up so 
much space in the pocket, 
easily reshaped if bent, and 
are superior to all others on 
the aiarket. Send for sample 
pair. Living discount to the 
trade. 

ManflMnred by m. T. ROBERTSON & CO., 9th & H Sts., Wash., D. C 

MrNTioN The BEARrNGS. 





John Dolese. 



ESTABLISHED 1868. J. H. Shepabd 

PAVING CONIRACTORS. 



CQanafaatarefs and Dealafa ia 



Crnshed Stone, Concrete Stone, Crnslied firanite- 



-Slag. Cinters and Liiestone for Flax 



I 62 Washinqton Street, Chicaqo. 



TELEPHONE NO. 1469. 



Particular atteBtion giveti to building macadam drives and roads in new snl>- 
Ji visions. 

Mention The Bearings. 



I. .fK. 

JAMESVILLE (Near Syracuse) N. Y. 
MANUFACTURERS BlCVCl© "WlieSlS 

Pnenmatic Rims 
an d Tires SnppHed 
to the Trade. 

W^Make 
NOTHING 
BUT 
WHEELS 

Manufacturers fur- 
nished with any grade 
\Vheel wanted . 

Do You Want to Make Money ? 




^' 



200 

(D/4-V9 



1892 niA^ARA 
LIQHT K0/1D5TEKS 

LIST ^150. 1892 MODEL. 



Pneumatic Tire (Bidwell) at $85.00 each. 

500 Second-hand Safeties $10 to $60. 

Write for Catalogue and Discounts. 



Mention The Bearings. 



HAMILTON STORES, 

4f & 43 W. 125th Street, NEW YORK. 



THESTANDARDCAPCO. 

156 Green St., NEW YORK. 

...MANl'FACTl'KKRS IIF.... 

LATEST STYLE CAPS FOR WHEELMEN, 

TRADE ONLY SUPPLIED. 



Mention The Bearings. 



Liberal Discounts. 



MUNSON'S g^^,?X 

The ONLY Stand made ihat will support at the 
CENTER any Safety raade. 
Raise Front or Rear Wheel for Cleaning, 
Oiling, Adjustinp;, etc. 

Instantly adjustable. Always in order. Price »!. 
For sale by all Dealera. Send for Catalogue and 
full description to 

C. W. MUNSON TOLEDO, OHIO . 
COLUMBIA 

Souvenir Half Dollars 

FOR 50 CTS. 

Send us $_>..-)() and we will give you a year's subscription 
and a World s Fair Souvenir Half Dollar. 

Regular price of Coin, $1.00 

Regular price of Bearings, ... 2 W). 



SAVE FIFTY CENTS. 



$:j.0O. 



The Bearings Publishing: Company. 

3J5 Dearborn St., Chicago. 



Acme Bicycle Carriage. 




The only movable 

constructed 

stand for Bicycles. 

Sulkies and all 

Rubber Tired 

Vehicles. 

Price, Retail, 

»1..'>0 
Price per do/,., 

#13 00 
Pricn per gross. 

.*1 20.00 

Special 

inducement to 

Jobbers. 

Indorsed and .sci'd 

by the leading 

Bicyc ists ill 

the country. 



JONES' SUSPENSION BICYCLE SADDLE. 

Simplest, CIieape>t, Xealest and Hest. 




B. C. CO., 413 Broad St., Newarii, N. J 



EAST INDIA 




'^OR BICYCLE CHAINS 



The only chain lubricant tliat gathers no dust. It 
is easily applied, being manufactured in sticks three 
inches long. It protects the chain from rust, dust, 
mud and wear. Price 25 cents, by mail. 

PRINCE WELLS 

KENTUCKY BICYCLE AGENCY, 
626 Fourth Ave. LOUISVILLE, KY. 



Price, $2.50 

..Agents Wanted... 

For carrying Children on ordinary Safefy Bicycles. 

itri' FOK .'<.VI,E liV AM, [1K.\1,KUS. ■ ,, 

Mannfacmreil D7 A. H. GOETTING. mm\t Mjss. 



ARE 



YOU 



DEAD? 



You might as well be if you don't advertise 
or if you throw your money away on adver- 
tisements without i)olnt. Let me write 
vour "ads." 

'ORIGINALITY TELLS," 

I am chuck full of original ideas, let mo 
'blow off" a few on you. 

HARPY HILLIARD WYLIE. 

SrOKTTNG KK\ IKW I'l IJ. CO., 

183 Monroe St., Chicago, III. 



THE BEARINGS. 



FOR SALE, WANTED AND TO EXCHANGE. 

Advertisements under this head 2 cents per 
word. Checks, money orders or 1-cent and 
2-ceut postage received. Cash with order. 



WANTED. — An agent in every town in the 
United S tates, for our new high grade wheel, 
the "Lincoln." Warranted equal to any 
machine made for the price. Liberal dis- 
counts. Send for catalogue. 
Nebraska Cycle Co., Manufacturers, 

No. 5, 13th street, Lincoln, Neb. 



ENAMELER WANTED.— Must be strictly tem- 
perate and steady, and fully competent to do 
first-class ^fork and take charge of hands. 
Address, No. 8, care of The Bearinc-.'J 




The well known 

BUFFALO 
BICYCLE 
STANDS 

are still made in ButTalo by BowEN. 



Write fo^ Circulars and pr'nes. 

E. N. BOWEN, 

879 Main St., - - BUFFALO, N. Y. 




WE WANT 
TO BUY 
JOB LOTS. 



Corresp'^ ndent'e requested with manufacturers or 
importers having 100, 200, 500, 1000, 2000 or more 
Bicycles which they may wish to close out in a 
lot. We will purchase entire stocks if prices are 
satisfactory. 



A. W. Gump & Co 

DAYTON. OHIO. 



KODAKS 

For Snapshots Out- Doors, 

For Time Exposures In-Doors, 

For Flash-Lights at Night. 

Tl-i£k Iiit-iirkl* are the most compact 

1 ne »IUIIIUr camera made. Perfectly 

WrkHoL'c . adapted to hand or tripod 

• I\.UUcll\.i> • use. Can be used with roll 

films or glass plates. Fitted with focusing index 

and counter for exposures. 



$40 £i.n.d $50. 



( Send For 
I Catalogue. 



EASTriAN KODAK CO., 
Rochester, N.Y. 




PRICE, $1.00. 

Best cycle lock made. Dealers wiite for discount. 

Lemont&Wittemore, 

Worcester, 

Mass 



34^ Main St. 



MENTION THE BEARINGS 



The Temple 

Speedy 




A CRACK BANC-UP MACHINE. 
WANT AGENT IN EVERY TOWN. 
NOW'S YOUR CHANCE, BOYS. 
WRITE RALPH TEMPLE SAMPLE 




RALPH TEMPLE'S CYCLE EXCHANGE, 

158 22 St., CHICAGO. 

VIENTION THE BEA:?ING8 



rhe Kalamazoo Trouser Guard 




WILLD0THEBU?lNES81FflNYTH'NGWlLL. 



.:■' They take ur> the slack in 
the pants and fold it neat- 
ly over against the leg. 
T ey are quickly put on 
and will stay on, too, and 
will close up like a jack- 
knife to go into the pocket. 

Price, enam I d, 

15 cents per pair. 

Manufactured bv tlie 




Pat. Applied For. 



KALAMAZOO CYCLE CO., 



Mention Bearings. 



Kalamazoo, Mich. 




Agents Wanted. 1893 Price, $8.50 

MILLIARD CYCLOMETER. 

Lightest, Neatest. Clieapest. 

Can be seen from the saddle. 
Positively no rattle. 

The only accurate cyclometer. 

Send for circular and be convinced. 

ELECTKOTTFES ON APPLIOTIOX. 

HILLIARD CYLOMETER CO. 

I220 Filbert Street, PHILADELPHIA, PA- 



SUPERIORITY ^^^OUPLED WITH ^SATISFACTION. 

OLID Comfort Saddles 
HIPMENTS. ^^AREFULLY AND V^WIFTLY MADE. 



V^WIFTLY MADE- 



NOT THE LARGEST BUT THE BEST MAKERS OF BICYCLE SADDLES. 



THB BEARINGS. 



C.*WGO£. 




THE CHICAGO GRIP. 

Sample and 1 or 2 1-2 inch electro- 
type free to dealers. 

Avery & Jenness, 

5756 Madison Ave., Chicago. 




The VERY BEST in the Market. 

Being on the ground floor in this business, we 
believe we can offer you better goods for the 
money than anyone else in it. 
It costs you nothing to get our prices, etc. 
THE R. W. McCREADY CORK CO., 
43, 45, 47 Illinois St., Chicago. 



rpHE RIPANS TABULER repulate the stomftch. 
1 liver aud buweio, pujiiy ii-e un.uu, aic W"-'.* 
ant to take, sate and alwayseHtictuiU. A reliable 
remedy for Biliousness, Blotches on the J ate, 
Bright's Disease, Catarrh, Colic, Constipation, 
Chronic Diarrhoea. Chrome Ijver Trouble, Dia^ 
betes Disordered Stomach, Dizziness, Dysentery, 
Dyspepsia, Eczema, Flatulence, Female Com- 

S faints, Foul Breath, Headache, Heartburn, Hives, 
aundice. Kidney Corviplaints, Liver Troubles, 
Loss of Appetite, Meutal Depression, Kausea, 

*,-.*,., T3„^v. ,^ , Painful Diges- 

Rush of Blood 
Sallow Com- 
Kheum, Scald 
ula,Sick Head- 
eases, Sour 
Feeling.Torpid 
Wa t e r Brash 
er symptom 

or uiseaso uiai. i I r e s ults from 

impure blood or a failure in the proper perform- 
ance of their functions by the stomach, liver and 
intestines. Persons given to over-eating are ben- 
efited by taking one tabule after each meal. A 
continued use of the Ripans Tabules is the surest 
cure for obstinate constijiation. They contain 
nothing that can be injurious to the most deli- 
cate. 1 gross »2, 1-2 gross i^ i.'; 1-4 gross 76c.. 
1-24 gross 15 cents. Sent by mail postage paid. 
Address THE RTPANS CHEMICAL COVPAnY 

P C B03.BT3. Ww V 't 






OF AKY MAKE 

Put on your solid or cushion tire 
wheel at lowest prices. 



• o 



write ug for prices on fitting pneu- 
matic rims to your second-hand 
wheels. Also on M. & W., Grey- 
hound and Mcintosh tires. 

O. H. COLLIVIER, South Bend, Ind. 

Brandenburg Air Tight Pedal 

The Only High Grade Pedal Manufactured. 
NEW. XOVKL AM> PK.VrTIC.^I.. 




THE BRANDENBURG MFG. CO, 

OHice Removed to 511 Title & Trust Uld^. 

IOC Washington St., CHICAGO. 



ColUster'sTroflser Guards. 

Simple, light, adjustable. Can 
|be used when riding or walking. 

Only needs to te seen by a 
cycler to be appi-eciated. 

PRICE, 35 CENTS 

To dealers and jobber?. Write 
for prices and discounts. 

Collister & Bill, c'^i.ir.'^^s'i 




ACCORDING TO HOYLE. kHZOLH^v^ES cfc CO., 



Have your bicycle repaired and thoroughly overhauled by 
the veteran repair man, over 20 years practical factory and re- I 
pair shop experience, w"h manufacturers of Budge, Rover, 
Rival, Rapid, Rambler, Himber, Premier, Singer, Swift, etc. 
Highest testimoulals irom English and American fliers of the 
paih. High class alcKel-platiug,enameling, printing, etc. 
All repairs prompt. Be sure to see Hoyle. 

6 aud 7 EAST MADISON STREET. 

Between Michigan and Wabash Aves. CHI CACO. 



Manufacturers. 



Tlie Excelsior. 




EXCELS ALL OTHERS. 

For Territory and Tortus, apply to 

J. MALPAS. 

<'le\ eland, O. 











It Is Hard Pushing 

For us to write a catchy Ad. but it is not hard 
•'pushing" for bicyclists that use EXCELSIOR 
CYCLE OIL. It will not gum ; removes rust 
from Nickel, Enamel and Steel. By mail, 20 
cents for a great big bottle. Ask your dealer 
for it. Oilinglj^ yours. 

Excelsior Chemical Co, 

SANDUSKY, OHIO. 

DEALERS— Write for wholesale discounts. NOW 
is the time to contract. 



LflnSON -f L^QQflQE CARRIER J 




No. 4, Double, $1*50. 



ai-e convenient, durable 
noiseless, cheap Popu 
lar carriers are our No.* 
1, at $1.00 ; the Drop 
Front No. 4's, $1 .25 ; No. 
4<1, $1.50, for two bun- 
dles; and our No. 5 Spe- 
cial Tourists' Carrier, 
used by the El well tour- 
ists. $3.50. 



SOLD Dy All DEALERS 

OB SEND TO THE 
.MAKER, 



C. H. LAMSON, 203 Middle Strret, PORTLAND, ME. 

Originator of the L. A. \\'. Badge. 

*R1TE FOR CARRIER AND BAOGC CIRCULARS, 




We make a specialty of all kinds of Bicycle Work 
atJLowest Prices. 



CYCLIST'S COMPENDIUM 



I^^E>E> 



Get Your Name on our List 



Laing Cycle Co. 



1728 Olive St. ST. LOUIS, MO. 




BIGYGLE, GYMNASIUM AND ATHLETIC GARMENTS 

BATHING SUITS. 

The best ana most satisfactory garments in the market. 

Send Stamp tor Catalogue and Pria* Ulst. 

109 KlnSston StP«ct, BOSTOf*, JHASS. 




ALWAYS READY, SIMPLE, DURABLE. 

Sent prepaid for Sl.OO. stamps taken i. Liberal 
Discount to tlie trade. Address 

EVANS BICYCLE CO., COLUMBUS, OHIO- 



Mention The Bearings. 



The finest Repair Shop in the City 

Having all tlie latest iiiiprovort iiiacliin- 
ery I am prepared to repair auy kind 
of a bicycle or supply auy j>arts. Call 
and give me a trial aud save the trouble 
of taking your wheel down town. All 
work promptly attended to. 

Successor to DAVIS & IHOMSEN, 

4208 Qotta^e (Jroul? pu(?. QI;)iea§o. 



• ■ ■ -IN- • • ■ 

OHIO, 1AiXC:B:XCrJL2iT -fi^lTXJ Ij^IDI^fLiCA., 

..NEWHOWE.. 
..TRIUMPH, DERBY AND RELAY.. 




Apply immedlaiely for Territory. 

SCHULENBURG CYCLE COMPANY. 

Sole Importers and Jobbers, 
188 JEFFERSON AVE. DETROIT, MICH. 



THE BEARINGS. 



CLIMAX WELDLESS 

STEEL TUBING 

LARGE STOCK CONSTANTLY ON HAND AT IMPORT PRICES 



CORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED 



GORMULLY & JEFFERY MFG. CO 



i^PNTION XMP BPADlNno 



234-221 NORTH FRANKLIN STREET, CHICAGO. 



JOBBERS AND DEALERS 

111 preparing material for \ our '93 Catalogues do not fail to .secure prices and electrotypes of our Red Cross Handy Articles. They are lively sellers, every 



RED CROSS REPAIR OUTFIT. 



one of them, and we know our prices will please you. 







RED CROSS CEMENT 



Tliese metallic cases are nickel plated, and are very 
neat and attractive 

Can be conveniently carried in the pocket or placed in 
the tool bag. 

Each case contains a double tube of Red Cross Cenieut. 
:. roll of our Pure Gutn Patching, a sheet of Emery and 
a sheet of Friction Cloth. 

.\sk your dealer for them, or we will mail to any ad- 
dress upon receipt of regular price, 75 cents. 



{Send for Oixir 
C^ettetloes^^^ of 

MANUFAGTURED BY 

A. U. Betts d Co 

TOLEDO, OHIO. 




Mfntion The Bfar;ngs. 



IN TUBES. 

No exjierienced rider of Pneumatic tired 
wheels would think ot riding any d'stauce 
without taking with him a supplj' of Rubber 
Cement. We have made thi< practicable bj- 
offering hini a collapsable metallic tube tilled 
with our Red Cros'* Rubber Cement. These 
tubes are put up in neat and attra five cases, 
conta'ning one dozen tubes each. 



Once More 



We Want to 
Sav 



The Eclipse 



I.s one of the very' few wheels built of 
the famous "Mannesmann Spiral Fibre 
Steel Tubing," the best t.. bing there is 
— costing considerably more than the 
other kinds in general use — and yet 




THE ECLIPSE lists at $135.00 only, and 
is guaranteed to be second to no wheel 
built at any price. 

Isn't it a handsome looker? 

It is as good as it looks. 



ECLIPSE BICYCLE CO., 



INDIANAPOLIS, IND. 



Factorv— BEAVER FALLS, PA. 



Gi<rr OUR Catalogue, 



^lie 




Is a marvel of strength and beauty 
and surpasses all others .... 



BRETZ & CURTIS 

Manulacturing Go. 

PILADELPHIA, PENN, 



Mention The Bearings. 




ise ARIEL CYCLE MFG. CO.S 



ir:^^^ 




PRODUCTIONS 



SEND FOR CATALOGUE. 



tti. 



Which are 

STRICTLY HIGH GRADE 

Are such that 
YOU NEED NOT HESITATE 

To buy and ride, as their 
wheels will stay by you. 
There are no better HC37- 
cles made. 



ANEL CYCLE NFG. COIiPANY. Goshen. Indiana. 



If KNTION THI BCARINaS 



KENW02D PICTCLES fsk 1 893 




Make no 
arrangements 
for 1893 wheels 
until you 
see our line. 



SEND FOR ART CATALOG. 
NOW READY. 



KEMWOOD 



Retail Representatives 

F. L. DOUGLAS CYCLE CO. 

284 & 286 Wabash Ave. 

265 67th Street (after May ist.) 




MANUFACTURING CO 



253 & 256 S. Canal St. 
Chicago. 



MENTION THE BEARINGS 




f^^^' 



mi 



&mw ^\' 



MttttMMi 




^ 



ALL EYES ARE UPON THEM. 







\?/ 



miftQ 



They were the wonders at 
the Philadelphia Show. 

Good workmanship and fin- 
ish speak for themselves. 

Tell us what you think of the design. 
The orange rims make a beautiful com- 
bination with black, maroon or blue. You 
should hive this for your leading high 
grade wheel for '93. There is no mistake 
about its being "one of the finest." An 
agency for these wheels for '93 ^vill pay 
you. 



^S^'><^ 



<9nm 






Model B. 



ttjbfe^^ 

'4^!^^^ 



E. C. STEARNS & CO., Syracuse, N.Y. m 




i*7' 












^'^^iii^^'^cp.cA 



CHICAGO, FEBRUAKY 17, 1893 



THE PULLMAN ROAD RACE. 

The Classic Event May Be Ru n This Year, After 



All, 



A gigantic success or an ignominious fizzle— that is what the Pullman 
road race will be if an attempt to actually start it is made on next Decora- 
tion Day. That the attempt will be made is now as certain as the declara- 
tion of Robert D. Garden, newly elected president of the Associated 
Cycling Clubs, can make it. He stated on last Friday: "I did not want to 
be elected to the presidency of the Associated Clubs, but now that I have 
been chosen I shall immediately devote all my energy and influence to the 
task of proving, if possible, the feasibility of repeating the Pullman road 
race this year. A race upon any other course could not be called the 
Pullman, and I do want to preserve that name if it is possible to do so. 
And I think it is. Notwithstanding the holiday and World's Fair crowds 
that will swarm upon the boulevards on Decoration Day, I feel sure that 
the influences I will bring to bear can produce a permit to run the race if 
anything can. If we can then procure police co-operation as far south as 
35tli street, we are safe and the multitude which will view that race will 
make the event eclipse everything that has ever helped to make the his- 
tory of out-door sport." 

Concerning the proposition to limit entries and increase the entry fee 
Mr. Garden said: "It may be found necessary to do both and I think it 
might best be accomplished by placing the limit rather high and charging 
a fee of say $2. That would be a fair fee. It would enable the Associated 
Clubs to meet the increased expense which would surely be incurred this 
year, and might decrease those entries which have been made in the past 
by zealous club men who had not the remotest intention of competing 
but who wished to swell the lists of their own clubs. The proposal to 
make the fee I5 I reg.ird as totally undesirable. 

Discussed by the Associated Clubs, 

A number of arguments for and against the Pullman race were ad- 
vanced at the meeting of the Associated Club delegates, February 10 The 
subject was brought up after much other business had been transacted 
Treasurer Roth's report showed that the entry fees for the last Pullman 
race amounted to $387. The cost of the race was $392.15. the loss being 
$5.15. The three time prizes cost $180, $75 and $45, respectively tS 
produce argument, delegate Root moved to resolve that the usual course be 
used this year; that the entry fee be $5; entries limited to 150- handicap 
limit eight minutes; no entries to be accepted without the accompanying 
fee and the first 150 entries received to have preference. Mr. Root ex- 
plained that 125 entries would be the probable result and that the race 
would consequently be sanctioned by the authorities. 

The resolution was not concurred in, and the upshot of the whole dis- 
cussion was the appointment of Messrs. Garden, Fanning and Herrick 
representing the three divisions of the city which desire the course to be 
laid in their territories, to investigate ways and means and report at the 
next meeting, March 2. 

The incidental discussion was interesting. The fairy wand of elo- 
quence dallied with the bludgeon of blunt logic. Sheridan Drive was 
praised. Its beauteous windings along the picturesque North Shore we^e 
ably portrayed and into the mind's eye came a vivid picture of Lincoln 
monument, the proposed finish, surrounded by the surging swaying 
shouting populace, huzzahing the heroic and more or less dirt-specked and 
dilapidated disciples of Ixion as they spurted or wobbled across the finish- 
l^^luPo--. "^^^^ *^^ ^^^* ^^*^^ contingent put in its oar. Jointly the old 
South Side course was assailed and right strongly was it defended It 
would be dangerous for one man, it was argued, to speed along Michigan 
avenue on Tuesday, May 30, 1893, and to send awav several hundred men 
would mean tragedy, "Not if we can get police aid, ' ' retorted the defend- 
ers. The Illinois Central's World's Fair traffic will make it impossible 

to get special trains to Pullman ." "Not at all. They will have extra 

rolling stock for the Fair and use new tracks." And so on 
,, .President Randall told that the Pullman authorities would throw open 
their dining room as usual; that the race could finish at about the usual 
place and that the racers could use the new Pullman Athletic Club quarters 
It is also learned that the road crossing the famous Sand Hill and leading 
into Pullman will almost certainly be macadamized early in May 

Altogether, it is gratifying to Chicagoans to contemplate 
the possibility If not the probability, of conducting the race 
upon the well known course this year. The road is in many 
respects wretched, but this is the year of all years for a master 
stroke. On May 30 the city will swarm with people and if the 



boulevards could be kept clear for one short hour on that morning a 
unique spectacle would be consummated. Last year, over one hundFed 
thousand people struggled to see the riders pass and the scene formed by 
the scurrying thousands, their dark figures sharply contrasted by the 
greensward of the lake front park as they scampered for the trains and 
climbed into them by door and window and even upon the roofs, well 
nigh beggared description. Even that would be simply eclipsed this year. 
The world s greatest athletic event would be witnessed by thousands of 
people who have scarce cast eyes upon a bicycle and the resultant enthu- 
siasm and benefit to cycling would be incalculable— provided, always, that 
the affair can be conducted under the auspices so devoutly prayed for. 
Other Associated Club Business, 
• . ^^^^,^1^^^ Pullman race, other matters were discussed by the Asso- 
ciated Clubs. Twenty-four delegates were present. The receipts for the 
year closing February I were $578.21; expenditures, including the cost of 
r8^ '^^''°;/'^' f°= cash on hand, $159.31, against $168.31 on February i. 
1892. The Minnette, Sheridan and Washington clubs were reported in 
arrears. Ainendments were passed providing that clubs joining after 
October I shall be exempt from dues for the current year; that clubs shall 
not vote at annual meetings unless, by January 31. they submit lists of 
officers and numerical strength; and that clubs failing to be represented 
by a delegate at three regular successive meetings may be expelled. The 
following officers were elected: President, R. D. Garden; first vice presi- 
dent, F. J. Fanning; second vice president, Wm. Herrick; secretary. F E 
Spooner; treasurer, A. W. Roth, j> '^ 

The committee on political action made no report. 

Spooner Will go to England. 
1 n^^P^^^^o"" ®^^*?^ ^^^* ^^ ^^^ obtained permission from his em- 

ployers, Morgan & Wright, to visit England to enter the Cuca Cup twenty- 
four hour race and he will go into road training immediately, probably 
under Stackpole. Waller, who will accompany him, will train under Leem- 
ing at Indianapolis Spooner says that after careful comparison of the 
circumstances attendant upon the record ride of Sliorland, and his own he 
feels sure that he could have about equalled the latter's accomplishment 
under the same favorable conditions. 



Minnesota's Bid For GoDd Roads, 
St Paul, Minn Feb 14.— The most important bill introduced in the 
house today was by Allen J, Greer, providing for the appointment of a 
state highway commission. This bill provides for the appointment of 
three commissioners, one of whom shall be an experienced and practical 
civil engineer The duties of the commission are to ascertain the defects 
and merits of the present roads and road-making systems, the supply of 
good road material in the state, and to investigate generally the subject of 
building and maintaining public roads.including the cost thereof.according 
to the various best methods now in use; to make and fully report in detail 
results of their investigation, with their recommendation, to the next legis- 
lature. The sum of $5,000, or so much thereof as is necessary, is appropri- 



IHinois Road Bills. 
A senate bill, introduced at Springfield, 111., January 27, by Senator 
Green, was followed on February 9 by a house bill introduced by Represen- 
tative Dearborn, both providing for township rights to drain, construct 
and maintain permanent hard roads. A simple and apparently effective 

tZ'^^T^'JT l"^ ^/- ^':''"'' ^>l ^"'^ ^^^ °°ly possible difficulties would 
seem to lie in the direction of disposal of bonds and collection of taxes 
with which to pay the interest. The matter is placed entirely within the 
power of landowners. Twenty five or more property holders in any town- 
ship may file with the town clerk a petition calling for the creation of 
bonds, and a board of special commissioners to market the same. The 
bonds are to bear a maximum interest of six per cent, and mature in ten 
years the interest to be collected from land owners with other taxes bv 
the state and placed with the town collector for payment of coupons, 

A New Track, 
Los Angeles, Cal., Feb. 12.— Alhambra push and energy comes to the 
frontagain, this time with a bicycle track, built by the club in that town. 
The club, which hardly numbers a dozen strong, has leased ten acres of 
land near the center of the town, and have constructed a quarter mile 
track, about seventeen feet wide, with a high bank at the turns In 
respect to the banking and surface the track is far ahead of any other in 
this section, the only fault being a slight grade near one turn. The track 
will be formally opened in about six weeks, with the usual field sports. 
The date will be published as soon as decided on, and Los Angeles will 
send a large delegation out. 



THE BEARINGS. 



HOW FRANCE WILL BE REPRESENTED. 

Her Best Men Cannot Compete in the International Championships Be- 
cause They are Professionals. 

Paris, February i. — The Association Velocipedique d' Amateurs was 
organized in 1890 by wheelmen who did not agree with the spirit of the 
rules set down by the Union Velocipedique de France (the professional 
union) particularly those referring to the amateur class as they existed be- 
fore the recent amendment. The A. V. A. adopted the amateur definition 
as given by the English N. C. U.'s rules, and succeeded in obtaining from 
the N. C. U. the recognition they needed to entitle their members to com- 
petition against N. C. U. members. This recognition was granted them in 
1892. The A. V, A. had even before this event begun a strong campaign 
against the influence of the U. V. F., and was supported in this by a pow- 
erful organization known as the Union des Societes Francaises des Sports 
Athletiques, (Union of French Athletic Societies), comprising, besides the 
A. V. A. itself, some 85 clubs or societies, and 12,000 members, devoted 
to the different sports. This union was recognized in 1888 by the Amateur 
Athletic Association, and in 1892 by the Amateur Rowing Association, and 
its influence was f.-eely used by the A. V. A. whose four societies and 100 
odd members would have been unable to disturb the powerful U. V. F. in 
its line of conduct. As a result of the recent move on the part of the U. 
V. F., the two organizations are now on an equal footing, with probably a 
slight advantage in popularity in favor of the older body. We have thus in 
France an amateur class entitled to recognition by any foreign amateur 
organization. 

It is, however, an actual fact, and one acknowledged by the most en- 
thusiastic supporter of the amateur idea, that all our best men — the true 
representatives of our country — would be classified as professionals by the 
existing regulations. Not that the amateur class is entirely deprived of 
men capable of making a creditable showing, but even the best amateurs, 
so far as we can judge by their public performances, would not be able to 
hold their own with our best professionals were they permitted to compete 
with them. The consequence of this is, that, in an international cham- 
pionship, where the best men of each country are supposed to compete, 
our country could only be represented by men who 

Would Not be by Rights the True Champions 
of the country, and the best able to sustain its sporting reputation. All the 
national records and world's records held by Frenchmen belong to pro- 
fessionals, and it seems almost impossible, with the existing conditions of 
life here, that the amateurs shall ever be able to even equal them. There 
may be, of course, a young millionaire with physical abilities and athletic 
tastes sufficiently developed to become a shining star in the racing world. 
But in the vast majority of cases our young men who wish to retain their 
bona-fide amateur status and must work for their living, have to work 
longer hours than in England or America, enjoy fewer holidays; in short, 
would find it materially impossible to get the same amount of preparation 
• as their professional rivals, who are offered all the time, money and exper- 
ience they need in training for a race or a record. 

It should be said also in favor of the professional class in France that 
it far from resembles the element known by the same name in other coun- 
tries, and the Englishmen who attended the race meet in Paris last summer 
could testify that their behavior is, as a rule, as perfectly decent and gen- 
tlemanly as that of any amateurs, and that the sporting spirit is predomi- 
nant with them in many cases. It was therefore confidently expected that 
this same sporting spirit would move the representatives of the difierent 
cycling organization at the International Congress to do away with all 
narrow-minded discrimination, and leave them only the desire to make 
possible a meeting of the best men, proved such by their record, and their 
nation's choice. The degree of interest thus conferred to the international 
championships would certainly have been of much more benefit to cycling 
at large than the unyielding adherence to iron-bound regulations. And 
despite the congress' resolutions, the races to be held next summer in 
Chicago can no more be called international championships than they 
would if the American or English racing men were debarred from entering 
them. The A. V. A. intend to send two men over to the Chicago meet this 
year, but I was unable to ascertain whether any of the newly licensed U. V. 
F. amateurs will go. Several of the professionals, Stephane and Cassig- 
nard amongst them, are making plans to attend. 

Al,BERT G. Roux. 

Racing in the Land of Oranges. 
Orlando, Fla., held a race meet February 9. It would have been a 
decided success had not the track been spoiled by rain. Visitors from 
Jacksonville and surrounding towns were present. Although the threat- 
ening weather kept many away, over 500 people witnessed the races. E. A. 
Nelson, of St. Augustine, won the one mile open. The championship 
of Orlando fell to Richard Marks. C. H. Saunders won the championship 
of Florida and the five mile handicap. Jack Prince ended the tournament 
by riding an exhibition five miles. 

A Scramble for Eggs. 
Savannah's race meet, February 22-23, promises to attract considerable 
attention without as well as within Georgia. One of the events is a 
half mile egg race. In this race each contestant is provided with a long 
spoon, with which he is to pick up an egg, mount his machine and carry it 
to the eighth pole, dismount and leave same on the track, remount, ride 
to starting point, pick up another egg, ride to first egg, dismount, leav- 
ing second egg, pick up first egg, and carry (first egg) to grand stand 
and go back after second egg and bring that to grand stand, dismount 
and place it on a plate that will be there provided. The first rider to get 
his eggs securely placed on the plate to be declared winner. The eggs 
must not be touched with the hand. 



RAYMOND AND ROAD RACING. 

Advocates' Total Ignoring of Road Events, Except Competition With 

Professionals. 

The Bearings is enabled to anticipate somewhat concerning the prob- 
able effect of some new measures that will be considered at Philadelphia. 
Inasmuch as Chairman Raymond's proposition to create classes A and B 
would, if carried, separate these classes on the track, there has been much 
discussion as to the probable effect upon road racing. As Mr. Raymond 
has ruled, and his ruling been sustained, the suspended riders may not 
compete with others on the road, it has been asked in places where wheel- 
men congregate: "Will he allow classes A and B to mingle on the road?" 
The Bearings has asked Mr. Raymond, and this is his reply: 

"I gave the road racing question some thought when drafting up the 
new rules, as to their bearing on future events. While I do not wish to 
anticipate my annual report I will Sly that I have briefly touched on this 
question and asked the National Assembly to consider a proposition I shall 
make them on this head. The League has set its face against encouraging 
road racing. It had better now state plainly its position as to just how far 
its committees shall notice road events. By the simple insertion in the 
rules of the word "track" when ever necessary, the new Racing Board will 
have its duty clear before it. I advocate the total ignoring of road racing 
in the future, save the one exception of competition with professionals." 

Asked concerning the possibility of inconvenience to race-promoters and 
riders alike, under the proposed new rules, Mr. Raymond said: "I cannot 
foresee any possible mix-up in arranging programmes. Prize values must 
hereafter appear on all programmes and the new racing rules will cover 
that point. Entry blanks will be made out for class A and class B, and a 
brief definition given thereon, so that every racing man will know what he 
is doing when he enters a class B race." 

It has not been clear, and it is not clear now, whether Chairman Ray- 
mond is an advocate of a single, strict amateur class for the L. A. W. or 
whether he really believes class B to be desirable for a broader reason than 
the mere convenience of the Racing Board and, temporarily, that of the 
League. In the absence of any affirmation on his part to the contrary, it 
can only be assumed that he favors the establishment of class B. No one 
understands the situation better than he does and his opinion, to be de- 
livered next week, will be interesting. 



Zimmerman Will Ride at Savannah. 
Zimmerman will make his first appearance on the track this year 
next Wednesday. He has announced his intention to ride in all of the 
open events at Savannah, Ga., and will sail from New York tomorrow on 
the steamer Kansas City. C. A. Persons, S. G. Whittaker, W. J. Morgan 
and George S. Mc Donald accompany him. 



Those Baltimore Races. 
Baltimore, Feb. 15. — Like the damned spot in Macbeth, it seems the 
trouble growing out of the class races given by the Maryland club here last 
September will not out. It has broken out in a fresh quarter by C. M. 
Murphy's protest that he was suspended from the League and his 
prizes in these races confiscated upon an erroneous report of the time he 
had previously made. The prizes will probably be given to the men just 
as they came over the line, and as though no trouble had taken place, 
viz.: quarter mile, :34 class. Bliss i. Murphy 2, Wheeler 3. At present 
Wheeler holds i, Mullikin 2, but Wheeler's entry is unpaid and Mullikin 
gives up his prize. Mile, 2:25 class. Banker i. Bliss 2, Rhodes 3. 



Shaped Like a Pear. 
Since Johnson made his records on the kite shaped track at Independ- 
ence the Englishmen have been 
anxious to test one of these tracks. 
It was proposed to build one at Leeds, 
England, four laps to a mile, but 
when it was found that it would be 
impossible to construct one of that 
size, a compromise was made and a 
pear shape track will be erected. It 
will be four laps to the mile, and 
twenty feet wide, except at the 
straight, where it will be widened to 
twenty-four feet. The track is well 
protected from the wind, and special 
attention has been paid to the corners. 




MCANWOOD 



which are well banked. As can be seen from the illustration the track is 
peculiarly shaped and our friends across the water think that several 
records will surely go. 



The appeal of A. C. Edwards against the suspension iintil September 
30, passed on him by the N. C. U., has been heard and the sentence has 
been commuted to one of suispension to May 31. This will give Edwards, 
who ranks high among English racing men, a chance to have a try at the 
championships. 

It is authoritatively announced in England that R. L. Ede,the " pocket 
Hercules," has severed his connection with the Ormonde Cycle Co. and 
will represent the Humber. 



F. J. Osmond is again confined to his bed. He recently fell and 
opened afresh the old wounds in his knee. He is ordered to take a long 
rest by his physicians. 



If Dame Rumor speaks truth, the Pope Company will have none of the 
shamateur this season. 



THE BEARINGS. 



]rtC PERCENT 

(if CLA35 B 15 ADOPTED j 






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(/i4/1ATf<iRlf^ . 



My mde r€/rc3j\ea, b;^ bens 
Jm^^jed ortcc more ike 5i^r%&! "fo dcpg^rf-,, 

esCendir\^ rapidly * * ^- — ^ Rog'c.r^> 



DROPPED BY THE BOARD. 



Nashville and Milwaukee Violators of L. A. W. Rule go Free. 
New York, Feb. 15.— I learn privately that the Racing Board will drop the 
cases against the riders who undoubtedly violated the amateur rule at Nash- 
ville and Milwaukee, but who, because each and every man filed a sworn 
denial and for other reasons, could not be convicted. The decision will be 
announced about Friday. It will not reflect upon the Board, but will 
illustrate the beauty (?) of the present amateur rule. 

The Germans Want Zimmerman Agam. 
J. Bloch, of Charlottenburg, Berlin, in behalf of the Berlin Cycle Rac- 
ing Society, has invited England to compete at the big international 
meet on June 11 an i 12. A. special invitation is extended to the London 
A. C. party, of which Zimmerman was the central figure last year. 

California' s Secretary-Treasurer. 

' Lauren W. Ripley is secre 
tary-treasurer of the California 
Division. He is doing good work 
in recruiting new League members 
on the Pacific Coast. 





W. H. DE GRAAF. 



Australian Dark Horses. 
The Australians propose to 
put novices on middle marks 
until they show what they can do, 
and they will then be put back- 
wards or forwards according to 
their speed qualities. This will 
give the dark horse a black eye in 
the antipodes. 

Memphis Wheelmen. 
There are about twenty wheel- 
women in Memphis and most of 
them are enthusiastic riders. 
Among the most prominent are: 
Mrs. H. W. Liggette, Scherer, 
Mrs. J. N. Mulford, Mrs. Dr. 
the Misses RosieWhitehead, Mamie Browne and Mary Morgan, Mrs Bolton 
Smith, and Mrs. A. B. Pickett. 

The M. A. C. May Survive. 
A late report shows that the creditors of the Manhattan Athletic Club, 
of New York, met last Tuesday and resolved to aid in reorganizing the club 
management. 

Gravitation has oo earthly attraction for a fallen cyclist on a thawing day. 



LAUREN W. RIPLEV. 



New York Division Treasurer Dead. 
W. H. De Graaf — "Pop" De Graaf, as his legion of friends knew him — 

is dead. The able secretary- 
treasurer of New York Division 
caught cold a little over a week 
ago. Pneumonia came on and, 
though he prepared last Satur- 
day to go out into the open air, a 
relapse set in and he went out 
into eternity instead, on vSuiiday 
morning. 

Mr. De Graaf was forty-one 
years old and left a wife and 
family. He was one of the most 
popular men ever connected with 
cycling and his influence in New 
York state was accordingly strong. 
The Harlem Wheelmen and Man- 
hattan Athletic Club particularly 
will reverently cherish his memory. With Mr. Moneypenny, he led in 
making the latter club's magnificent meet at Manhattan Field the 
social success it was. He was a Mason and was pre-eminent in afi"airs of 
fraternity and good fellowship. When Zimmerman returned from Eng- 
land, he was a leader among those who arranged the demonstrative wel- 
come to America's champion. 

He was a charming man and there be those whose materialistic sym- 
pathies will prompt them to say his end was not timely. 

Will the South Secede? 

The Bearings has received, too late for confirmation, a report that 
if division option in the matter of negro exclusion is not granted at Phila- 
delphia a number of divisions will secede. President H.J. Winn, of the 
Illinois Cycle Co., Chicago, is authority for the report. He visited St. 
Louis this week and while there had a conversation with Chief Consul 
Holm. The latter, he says, informed him that negotiations had been 
going on for some time between the leaders of several divisions, including 
Missouri and the southern states, with the result that it had been resolved 
that each of the interested divisions should send delegates to Philadelphia 
with explicit instructions to demand that divisions be given the right 
to receive or exclude negro applicants, and that, failing, secession should 
take place. 

It seems hardly probable that this report is entirely correct. The 
matter in dispute is not generally considered as important enough to 
warrant such an extreme step, and furthermore, it seems strange that such 
a plan could be under serious consideration without having become known 
before this time, 



THE BEARINGS. 





^^>%tpTcA 



Entered at tJie Chicago Post Office as Second Clasx matter- 



PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY BY 

THE BEARINGS PUBLISHING CO. 

Rooms 335-336 Manhattan Building, 307-321 Dearborn St., CHICAGO. 



L. J. BBRQER, Editor. = = - = CHARLES A. COX, Illustrator. 

N. H. VAN SICKLEN, President and Business flanager. 



Foreign Representative, "CYCLING, " 27 Bouverie Street, Fleet Street, London, E. C. 



Onl Year 



subscriptions: 

$2.00 i six months 

SIX WEEKS (TRfA'J - - 25c. 



$1.00 



Advertising Rates on Application. 

Copy for Advertisements must be in hand not later than Monday, to insure attention 
for the following issue. 

All manuscript intended for publication should be in hand not later than Monday 
morning and should be addressed to The Editor. Write plainly; on one side of the paper 
only. All communications should be signed by the writer's name, although not neces- 
sary for publication. Unpublished manuscript and sketches will be returned onlj' when 
accompanied by postage to cover the same. 

All checks and postal notes for advertising or subscriptions must be made to the 
order of The Bearings Publishing Co. 

OUR POL ICY. 

A journal devoted exclusively to the cycle trade forms a medium be- 
tween manufacturer and dealer. The Bearings occupies a broader field. 
It is the rider's paper and is conducted upon the theory that a medium 
between manufacturer and dealer and between these and the rider is most 
valuable to all concerned. Results have proved the correctness of our 
theory, faithful adherence to which has plactd our circulation — trade and 
general — far above that of any other independent cycling journal. 



PHILADELPHIA. 



I(. A. W. history may, if its makers so will it, enter a new phase on or 
about next Monday. 

The most important amendment to be proposed, in our opinion, will 
be one which perhaps took up least space among others of its kind in the 
Bulletin. We refer to Colonel Burdett's proposal to take more money from 
the divisions than has heretofore been taken and place it in the national 
treasury — for what purpose our worthy president sayeth not. Perhaps to 
stem the spendthrift tide which has set in and is growing in some states 
where financial executive ability is lacking; perhaps to swell the sum which 
goes toward the dissemination of road literature; perhaps to patch up the 
large hole created by the needs of the League's real organ, Good Roads. 
A supplemental possibility hinges upon the fact that correspondence has 
passed between certain League ofiicials (not including President Burdett) 
with reference to the amendment and the chance that its adoption might in 
some way result in pecuniary assistance to Bicycling World. Colonel 
Burdett will tell his own story. Concerning Good Roads and Bi. World 
as possible beneficiaries, it may well be deemed wiser to lavish nourish- 
ment upon a healthy, growing, promising child than to waste wealth upon 
senility. 

The racing problem. What will be done with it? If class B is adopted 
— it is quite possible that it may be — the arduous duties of the Racing 
Board will be lightened, if only temporarily; the man of speed may place 
himself upon the market and ride for the highest bidder; and the business 
of well known race-meet promoters will continue, for a time, to flourish. 
In this connection it is pleasing to sham-haters to note that great athletic 
clubs, and even manufacturers, who have in the past paid right handsomely 
fot the services the swift pedaller, are growing lukewarm in their regard 
for him, and that the able editor de facto of a meet-promoters' organ has 
expressed his utter disgust at the prospect of class B, over his personal 
nom de plume. If class B is not adopted, the law covering proposed class 
A should by all means be so amended that there can be no continuance of 
the sham. Some say, let us have but one law, but one which will include 
a liberal expense rule. The convention may so decide, but the action would 
still be astraddle. Get down off the fence, gentlemen. If the "business" 
of racing is too strong to be handled carelessly, it is strong enough to stand 
alone and the hands-off sign should be erected now, international cham- 
pionships or other temporary considerations to the contrary notwithstand- 
ing. The end of shamateurism must come some time. It is an evil stench 
in the public nostrils now. Drop it. 

Concerning the measures for negro exclusion, establishing the Southern 
California division and demanding full postal addresses in the Bulletin; 
the first will probably flash in the pan; the latter two should pass. 



As to repudiation of the Whetlmau Company contract and con- 
sequent increased prosperity of Good Roads, it will probably become a 
wish, four years long, though we believe the period might be shortened if 
by lucky chance an auxiliary roads meeting is held and the full importance 
of the movement and the League's strength in that direction is assimilated 
by thed elegates. 

Wait a bit and see. 




THE CHAR M OF CYCLING. 

Spring approaches. An undefinable something is hidden in the air 

currents which float 
over the slowly melt- 
ing snows of the North 
and, mingling with 
the warming sun rays, 
fan the cheek and 
cause an awakening 
of the faculties, a sub- 
tle rousing of the blood 
a general stimulation 
and anticipatory 
cheeriness. It is the 
SDothing bath which 
precedes the Turkish 
towel treatment ad- 
mini^tered by the cut- 
-^ fei ' ting winds of March. 

Wheelmen and wheelwomen feel all this. Through their minds flit 
thoughts of coming morning spins; of noon-day reveries on shaded, velvety 
hillsides; of afternoon race meets and evenings at the club or out in the 
moonlight, on the road; of punctured tires and those other minor miseries 
which oft are pleasing after-thoughts. 

This course of fancy suggests the question: "What fjr the secret charm 
of cycling, which so fascinates those who practice it that, in order to pur- 
sue it, they willingly make great sacrifices? 

In a recent discussion, many explanations were given. Some attribu- 
ted this charm to the fact that cycling enables one to visit the country and 
enjoy the beauties of nature, but it was shown that some of the most enthu- 
siastic cyclists were perfectly indifierent to this pleasure. Others thought 
it arose from the feeling of rapid motion, but this view was declared insuf- 
ficient, for one grows weary of traveling by train. Finally someone ex- 
pressed the opinion that the bodily health which results from the use of 
the wheel is the true reason, and it was unanimously agreed that this was 
the correct answer. 

Good health is sought by all; too often vainly. The cyclist feels bet- 
ter, stronger and more active after each ride, and those who neglect this 
exercise feel that their health suffers. They have only to stop riding to 
learn the answer to the question and, finding that riding exhilarates and 
that in ceasing to ride they lose this cheerful feeling, they become enthu- 
siasts. 

ECK AND JOHNSO N OPP OSE THE N. C. A. 

J. S. Johnson's declaration to a Bearings man, that he is opposed to 
racing for cash, was possibly intended as a witticism. Perhaps he should 
have been reported as saying "cash prizes." "For cash " is an expres- 
sion which entirely changes the countenance of the matter. Mr. Johnson 
made the remark a few days ago while lolling in a train east-bound from 
Buffalo. 

Where Johnson is, there is Eck — or perhaps the names should be 
transposed. By a curious coincidence, Mr. Eck also opposed the cash prize 
league. Parenthetically, his bread is not buttered on that side and it is 
therefore quite easy to understand why he should make a wry face at it and 
try to turn it down. He is quoted as having said that the League has labored 
for lo ! these many years to perfect cycle racing, that it deserves to remain 
in full control of racing men — amateurs and shamateurs, and pros as well 
— and that it would be a shame to clip its wings of power now. Of course 
it would ! Who would not agree with Mr. Eck and others of his angelic 
clan upon that point ! You and we 'uns have profited by and had lots of 
fun with the poor old League, haven't we, Ecky old boy ? Catch us de- 
serting it now — not much, cully. Why should we, when we are not even 
sure that the N. C. A. would give us a job if we should ask it ? 



THE CAT IS OUT." 



It may be that Bicycling World will temporarily succeed in its desper- 
ate efforts to convince League members that a weekly official newspaper 
of its class is what they want. Promises and desperation are not without 
effect, though it be brief. 

Our poor Boston contemporary is pitiably amusing when it harps on 
the string that its contemporaries fear it as a business competitor. As wel 



THE BEARINGS. 



might a shivering beggar declare himself clothed in furs. Last week, 
under the caption, "The Cat is Out," the organ reprinted part of a 
Bearings editorial, italicizing a sentence in which it professed to discover 
the animus of our standpoint concerning the comparatively unproductive 
support given to a private weekly paper by the League, while its own child, 
that bright herald of a great movement the consummation of which means 
increased and widespread human comfort, is forced to strive alone for a 
patronage which should come to it freely, could it but wear the seal of 
ofEcialdom. 

The League was not created to support private ends. It was not cre- 
ated to run a weekly newspaper of its own. Its purpose or end is the 
universal adoption of cycling; its duty, the furtherance of any meritorious 
movement in that direction. Good Roads is the acknowledged organ 
of the latest movement audit is the duty of the League to support it in 
every possible way. 

That is our standpoint. We couple with it a sentence from the 
reprinted editorial which Bi. World did not italicize: " Intelligent wheel- 
men do not rely on the present organ for news. They subscribe for real 
cycling newspapers." 



HOUSE BILL No. 215. 



There is now before the Indiana general assembly a measure described 
as house bill No. 215, providing that cyclists shall pass driven or ridden 
horses so as to give the latter the beaten path; that if horses show fright 
cyclists shall dismount; and that failure to comply shall entail a fine of not 
less than five nor more than fifty dollars. The committee on roads has re- 
ported favorably upon the bill, making some recommendations, none 
more favorable to wheelmen than the reduction of the fine to not less than 
one dollar nor more than twenty-five dollars. 

It may seem inconceivable that any set of intelligent men could have 
the temerity to recommend such a measure. However, it is a plain, sim- 
ple fact, located in the supposedly civilized and progressive state of Indi- 
ana, and there is no occasion for wasting any denunciatory pyrotechnics 
upon the fact. 

If the law should by some sorry chance be passed, it cannot long survive 
its birth. It probably wiirnot pass. Chief Consul Hay has sent a copy of the 
bill to division members, showed them its unconstitutionality, quoted 
precedents and requested them to express their wishes to senators and rep- 
resentatives. 

That ought to be sufficient, and we bid our Hoosier friends be aisy. 



DAMAGES FO R CAT CHING COLD. 

Things have certainly come to a pass when wheelmen can win suits 
because they are forced to catch colds. What ! Is the road hog about to 
pass away ? Are we to be treated with distinguished courtesy and recom- 
pensed for being discommoded on the road ? 

Surely, this case is refreshing: Nine members of the Alabama division, 
while touring recently, reached a river at 10 p. m. They hallooed to the 
ferryman but he would not come and the cyclists had to stay on 
the river bank all night, each of them catching a severe cold. Chief 
Consul Harris sued the ferry company. The penalty in such cases is 
|[o fine, payable to the party aggrieved, and judgment was given in each 
of the nine cases for that amount. 

Chief Consul Harris, we all take our hats off to you. Shiver our tim- 
bers ! We would as soon think of combating a soulless corporation for 
compelling us to catch a husky cold as we would of flying. This Alabama 
case is another illustration, by contrast, of the fact that wheelmen of the 
right stamp do not exercise their full powers and rights in law, politics, 
and common courtesy. 



SANGER MAY FO OL T HE ENGLISHMEN. 

When Zimmerman visited England last year and met with several 
humiliating defeats before he was in proper shape, British Sport promptly 
declared that the American "could not ride for nuts." Before our cham- 
pion was through with John Bull, that paper changed its views and was 
one of the strongest admirers the long-legged rider from Manasquan had 
in England. One would think that this experience would teach Editor 
Edge a lesson and that he would be more careful thereafter about express- 
ing his opinion on American riders before he has seen them perform. In a 
recent issue Mr. Edge commented upon Mr. Sanger as follows: 

" The hero of one of the cheapest reputations ever made in cycling-, Walter O. San- 
ger, will, it is said, visit England on a racing- trip this season. Sanger's claim to notoriety 
comes through issuing a challenge to ride Zimmerman a match without on public form 
having a dog's chance against the Jersey Skeeter." 

British Sport has made a grievous error in thinking that the Milwau- 
kee man has a cheap reputation. Some friends of Sanger have made him 
appear arrogant, boastful and egotistical. If he is what these "friends" 
have painted him, the real picture has only been revealed to a few inti- 



mates and even then Sanger's youthfulness would be a plea for indulgence. 
He is known to comparative strangers — those who have closely observed 
him a few times — as a big, quiet, sensitive boy; subject to boyish impulses, 
wonderfully strong and full of a determination which verges, perhaps, 
too closely upon the serious to enable one to classify Sanger with happy- 
go-lucky winners of the Zimmerman type. His work at the dedication 
meet in Chicago demonstrated his ability to ride with men of unusual 
calibre. 

Cycling Life, the new Chicago weekly, ushers itself into the crowded 
arena with small advertising patronage but large hopes. It has the Scotch 
gift of gab in a much greater degree than the gifts of brevity and lucidity, 
if we except its charming salutatory, which promises much. Some say, 
with truth, that Chicago cannot yet afford three cycling papers and an old- 
established contemporary opposed the birth of the new-comer. We softly 
laugh, and wish it well. 

If the truth were known concerning some "secret" meetings, it might 
transpire that the deliberators arrived at nothing, as punctually as if noth- 
ing had been their aim. Let us trust that there may be no star-chamberism 
in Philadelphia next week. There will be Aristaphonic entertainment 
enough without it. 



Good Roads is an expensive magazine. Good things often come high 
and in considering the expenditure of League money upon this medium 
between cyclists and the influences they desire to reach, L. A. W. solons 
should not wear short-sighted glasses. 



The shouter of a Boston paper has been using such peculiar language 
lately that when he hints that there is villany afoot, knowing people are 
apt to understand that he has lost or discarded his wheel. 



English journals to hand this week contained mentions of that fake 
report that certain American racers had been suspended. Now they will 
be more skeptical concerning American news than ever. 



Over 1,700 different kinds of soup are known. If class B is not soused 
in at least one of them — well, haters of sham will have to hate another 
year. 

No, it is not possible to operate a tannery with the bark of a dog. 
Neither is it feasible for a National Assembly to do three days' work in one. 



There are a couple of little boys on the staff of Bi. World who are mak- 
ing themselves ridiculous. 



It is strongly suspected that the kiss of the period is kite-shaped, 
is certainly a-lip-tickle. 



It 



What Bi. World most earnestly admires in its contemporaries is silence 
— and very little o'that. 

Spring saddles will soon be seasonable. 




No, madam. One will have to be fitted to order. — Cycling, 



'jTHE fe£^ARlNGS. 




UKtTHEfcWLC^HE-oIrEHD-\*>M^^ij5wSS^%*E. 



Drudgery Versus Clear Thought. 

It has been said of Frank Egan that his recent writings lack the quality 
which characterized his work before he was hampered by actual contact 
with the surroundings of a newspaper office. While I do not agree that 
this is the case, it is true that he is a remarkable man who can produce the 
very best results of which he is capable as a writer, after he becomes 
entangled with the mechanical work of such offices. Interest in Bill Nye's 
humorous articles has decreased, but it would probably have passed away 
long ago had Mr. Nye accepted the conditions offered in connection with 
a large salary some years ago, by the New York World. He finally 
accepted the salary, but refused the conditions. Had he also accepted them 
and placed himself in the same groove with the regular writers on the 
paper, the fascination of his work would probably have vanished in a short 
time. He remained away from the office as much as possible and as a 
result his imagination flourished like a green bay tree. 

There is one writer in cycling whose work appears to be entirely free 
from the usual drudgery. His position is almost ideal. He simply gets 
into a corner, so to speak, observes what passes and comments with a 
freedom and incisive style which is charming. I understand, alas, that he 
is shortly to become an out-and-out "professional." As he is no doubt 
paid fordoing his work incog, he may be said to be a shamateur journalist 
now. Much as i dislike the institution of sharaateurism, there are excep- 
tions to every rule and somehow I shall be sorry to see this shamateur 
pass into the professional arena. 



Philadelphia Streets and Street Railways. 
It is frequently said of cities and sect ons where roads are poor: "I 
wonder how cycling can flourish in such a place." Philadelphia furnishes 
a paradox in that respect. The very fact that its streets are miserable and 
its street car system miserably conducted would drive any live man, 
possessing a knowledge of cycling, to the wheel as a refuge from the 
exasperating slowness of the other methods of conveyance incidental to 
Philadelphia life. While attending the Show I ventured aboard a Market 
street cable car on three different occasions. The slow movement of this 
vehicle was increased— or decreased — to such an extent by the snow block- 
ade as to cause a nervous trill in the finger ends, until the strain could not 
be borne any longer. I got out each time and finished the trip afoot. 
One day I walked twelve blocks without being overtaken by a horse car. 
I am now on the list of those misguided individuals who consider Phila- 
delphia slow. 



George Moore, the Artist. 

In a chat with an Englishman I learned something of the manner of 
man George Moore is. My English acquaintance afterward expressed his 
regret at having said anything and requested me to "use with care." From 
whijh I infer that the famous cycling artist is sensitive. His friend told 
me nothing to his disadvantage, save perhaps the fact that, like the late 
Henry Ward Beecher, hj must be pushed for "copy" by the publishers. 

"Moore is a peculiar worker," said this intimate friend of his. "It 
cannot be said that his drawings get down to London so early that, like 
school children, they must await the opening of the doors. He is of that 
class who always finish a job just in the nick of time. George, who is a 
small, blonde man, is immensely popular round about Coventry, where he 
lives and works. He dearly loves a good dinner and to sketch the scene 
afterward. 

"I have heard his work characterized as rough by some Americans. If 
the impression be general, then we love him for the critics he has made. 
Moore works rapidly, once he gets at it. His 'system,' as you would say, 
is to knock about with the boys a bit — say three or four days or a week — 
and then disappear altogether, sometimes for a fortnight. Of course he is 
always ready for calls to special work for his paper in various English 
cities, but nothing else will call him away from his den when he gets a 
working fit on. I have met him at some customary haunt after aa unusu- 
ally long absence and asked him whether he had not been abroad. 'Oh no 
— working', lie would reply. Time and again I have seen him scorching 
along in the darkness toward the Coventry post office, with a batch of 
drawings for the midnight mail to London. 

"I have often marveled at the quantity of work he turns out. He does 
a great deal of catalogue work in addition to his regular sketching. His 
'den' is a far different affair from the average working studio in the city. 
One may sit there in perfect quiet and look out upon the soft, dark green 
of che English fields while working. Moore always has a mass of rough 
sketching there, awaiting the finishing strokes. Only recently I saw a 
drawing of which I am sure I saw the original sketch in his Coventry den 
months ago." 



Gambling. 
It has been said that since Adam and Eve played craps in the garden 
of Eden all legislative attempts to prohibit gambling have proven futile. 
A nut for the N. C. A. to crack. Passing the race track ticker in a hotel, 
recently, I carelessly tore off a bit of tape. The thought came: Frank 
-Sgan's statement of law notwithstanding, how soon will these tapes show 
tile results of N. C. A. cycle races? Just an ordinary, foolish thought. 



^VTiTP^W 



THE FAR WEST. 



For Young Women Only. 
Young girls and old women are barred from membership in the 
ladies' annex of the Alameda Bicycle and Athletic Club. At the last meet- 
ing of the club the old constitution was discarded and a new one adopted. 
Under the new rules no one under i8 nor over 40 years of age will be ad- 
mitted to membership and every member must ride a wheel. 



An O. jectionable Ordinance to be Repealed. 
Speaker Keady's bill, regarding road law for bicycles, repealing the 
100 yard clause, has passed the Oregon house of representatives by a vote 
of 49 to 9. This places bicycles on the same basis with other vehicles in 
Oregon. Portland wheelmen are much elated over their victory. 



The Bicycle Skate in the West. 
Charles Pugh, of the Denver Ramblers, was the first man in Denver to 
test the bicycle ice skate. He ventured on the ice with it recently and 
found that it worked most admirably. Pugh strapped an ordinary skate to 
the front wheel of his bicycle and went out for the experiment. He found 
after a little practice that he could skim over the lake at a bird's rate. 
The only difficulty lay in the wetting of the rear wheel, which, when it 
occured, caused the cycle skate to slip a bit. Otherwise it was a success. 



Scared the Landlord. 
Santa Barbara, Cal., Jan. 23. — Messrs. Cook and Mitchell left this 
city at 7:30 a. m. yesterday for a pasear on their bicycles. Going via the 
Casitas pass they reached Nordhoff — distance 40 miles — at 12:55 and dined. 
They would have staid all night but the landlord of the hotel begged them 
not to do it. He said he was a poor man, and only had a months provisions 
in the house, so he feared he wouldn't be able to get them another meal. 
They took the hint, and left at 3:30, arriving at Ventura at 5 p. m., where 
they took the train and came home with unimpaired appetites. 



Colorado Clergymen Form a Club. 
Pueblo, Colo., Feb. 3. — A clerical bicycle club has been formed in 
Pueblo, comprising in its membership nearly all the leading divines of the 
city. The Rev. E.Trumbull Lee, of the First Presbyterian church, is pres- 
ident of the club, and the Rev. O. F. Sensabaugh, of the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church South, secretary and treasurer. There are but few ministers in 
Pueblo who are not already owners of bicycles, and it is one of the objects 
of the club to encourage those few to join in the exhilarating sport. 



A California Ordinary Run. 

Oakland, Cal., Jan. 30. — Kitchen and Cooley took a run to San Mateo 
on Sunday. Bouton's record from Berkeley to Oakland, has been 
brok n by George Faulkner by about thirty seconds. 

The ordinary club run to Haywards last Sunday was not very well 
attended, but those who turned out had au excellent time. Six big wheels 
were out, ridden by Lamory, Dowdle, Norris, Maxwell, Bowman and 
Travers. A week from now the club will be ready to make public the 
location of their new track, which, it is stated, is within fifteen minutes' 
ride from Broadway. 



California Races. 
The race meet at Riverside, Cal., Washington's Birthday, will consist 
of a 2:45 class mile, a mile open and a two-mile open handicap. The local 
entries will probably be Chas. Cowan, Will Ruby, Lewis Fox, Carson Shoe- 
maker, Ed. Wasson and Arthur Carroll. A number of Los Angeles wheel- 
men will participate. It is expected that D. L. Burke will be there and 
attempt to lower his already fast records. 



He: 



Good and Bad. 
-There is an angel of a girl on the front of this tandem. 



She: — And a devil of a fellow on the rear seat. 



AN INDIANAPOLIS IDEA. 




The above is from a photograph of a featu'-e of the Columbian Day 
parade in Indianapolis. P. O. Rudy and L. J. Keck are the riders. 



THE BEARINGS. 




WINTER CYCLING IN IOWA. 

iHILK wheelmen in the East 
and in our larger cities are 
living in anticipation of the 
opening of spring, or are 
busying their brains with 
the movement looking to- 
wards a better system of 
country roads, the Iowa 
bicycle crank who loves 
rare sport — and where is 
there a cycler who does 
not? — is in the height of 
his glory, in the midst of a 
wheeling season never be- 
fore enjoyed in this section 
of the country. 

With the mercury hid- 
ing itself in the bulbs of 
the thermometers and snow 
covering the earth at a depth ranging from two to four feet, the average 
reader will be puzzled to learn where and how such conditions could be 
favorable to bicycling. But those are just the two elements which have 
opened the way for winter cycling in Iowa and the West. 

Iowa is rightfully named the Prairie State and its level plain, begin- 
ning about the center of the state, extends to its western boundary. The 
present winter is one noted for its severity, being a season of the most snug 
winter weather we have experienced since the innovation of the pneumatic 
tired bicycle. A vast quantity of snow has covered this western plain of 
ours under a level, white blanket, and the exceedingly cold weather has 
crusted this over sufficiently to bear the weight of a man. Fences and 
smaller obstructions have all been drifted under, and in certain parts of the 
state a slightly irregular surface is spread out to the eye for miles and 
miles, broken only here and there by farm houses and buildings. 

These places are what furnish Iowa enthusiasts of the wheel with a 
field which surpasses anything yet found for bicycling purposes. You have 
doubtless looked upon the placid waters of a summer lake and thought 
what a grand place it would be for a spin, if the surface would but hold 
you up. This illustration is the only way I can convey to you the grandeur 
f( the Iowa plains for wheeling at this season of the year. 

Just imagine a surface spreading out before you as far as the eye can 
reach and practically as smooth as a floor, and you have a good conception 
of our wheeling field. If such a place could be found in the summer 
time it would be heralded with delight by wheelmen all over the country, 
and all who could afford the luxury would hasten to it to be given the 
opportunity of wheeling unrestricted over a boundless area. Put it beside 
the average course in the summer, when you have to pedal either over 
poor country roails or dodge passing vehicles on the pavement, and many 
of the pleasures of ordinary bicycling are dwarfed into insignificance. 

It is needless to say that this opportunity for winter cycling is im- 
proved by people who love their wheels for the riding they get out of them. 
Some days, when the weather is not too bitter, it is not an unusual sight to 
see as many as a hundred people out enjoying this rare sport. Ladies as 
well as gentlemen enter into the sport with a great deal of zest, and the 
proportionate number of them shows them to be as enthusiastic over mid- 
winter wheeling as they were over summer rides. 

The only drawback offered to bicycling on the snow-covered surface is 
the difficulty in mounting the wheel, or not so much that as in getting up 
a momentum after being once seated in the saddle. Snow is a much dif- 
ferent material than earth, and it requires considerable tact to gain a swift 
motion on its surface. It is necessary to take firm, steady strokes, starting 
out very slowly to prevent the wheels from slipping. With proper precau- 
tions, however, a very fair speed may be attained in a short time and, 
fairly started, you may pedal as fast as you wish without any danger of 
losing the power. Standing start races are, of course, entirely out of the 
question in this section at this time of year, but some very exciting flying 
start races are indulged in and very fair time is usually made. 

Of course these fevorable conditions will exist only a short time but it is 
certain that our people are making the most of them while they last and 
I doubt if a single person who has tried cycling on the Iowa prairies this 
winter will welcome the advent of weather which will destroy this pleas- 
ure field. The good old-fashioned winter of 1892-3 has been a glorious one 
for wheeling in Iowa, and all look forward to a repetition of it ten months 
hence. 

Clinton, la., Jan. 24. A. F. Dawson. 



INTERESTING CLIPPINGS. 



America's Oldest Club. 
The Boston Bicycle Club is the oldest cycling club in this country. 
It celebrated its fourteenth anniversary by a banquet at the Algonquin 
Club February 11. Such old timers as F. W. Weston, E. C. Hodges, C. E. 
Pratt, J. S. Dean and A. W. Steadman are members of this organization. 



Bicycles for Ambulance Work. 
An English cyclist was injured in an accident recently and an oppor- 
tunity was offered to demonstrate the usefulness of the cycle for ambulance 
service. Two machines were placed side by side secured four feet apart by 
two crossrails torn from a fence. A sheep hurdle was placed on the rails 
and the patient was placed upon it and conveyed to a hospital. 



A Cyclist as a "Literary Cuss." 

Mary Abbott, a literary critic of the Chicago Tribune, says concerning 
a book, ''Bicycling in Rural England," as follows: 

Reuben Goldthwaite went through the English rural districts on a bi- 
cycle and weaves an exceedingly interesting tale of his travels. He talks 
very little about his machine, does not try to break a record, and does not 
regard every inch of ascent or decline in the road as germane to the bicycle 
and nothing else! Truly, the man is a marvel! He has a great eye for 
beauty, and some of his descriptions are singularly lovely. "Great flocks 
of sheep, as yet unshorn, and bearing upon their burly backs rude stripes 
of red ochre, the brand of their owner, gracefully outlined somber-wooded 
hills, divided by vales, deep down in whose peaceful depths course feeders 
to the ocean-bound Stour, which glistens upon the horizon of the lower 
level; white footpaths wind through the broad meadows up to where rises 
the curling smoke of forest hamlets, each with its square Norman tower 
lifting its hoary head above the tree tops," is graphic and stirring in its 
boldness of touch. There are hundreds of such bits. The pictures of 
Stonehenge are particularly fine; and the book is worth reading if only to 
discover that a bicyclist can boast a first-class literary style. 

If this sounds satirical it is because a long course of scares, and utter in- 
difference to them or their results, has made the ordinary pedestrian mor- 
bid. It was a crime in Paris to be run over by a horse; here in America to 
be knocked down by a bicycle is worse — an act of idiocy. To expect to be 
picked up, or apologized to, or even looked at, by the defendant, the person 
who knocks you down, is too absurd to bethought of for a moment. And 
if your heart is brought suddenly into your mouth, and you stand petrified 
as a noiseless, serpentine wraith grazes your shoulder in the twilight the 
perfect indifference with which you are left to ossifj-, if you like, or to die 
of heart disease, show that all the fault is on your side for being there. 

But these cyclists were entirely abnormal. They were polite, and 
gentle, and appreciative. They thanked people, and enjoyed the scenery, 
and visited cottages, where they were kind to the inmates, and demon- 
strated the fact beyond dispute that a cyclist may be a Christian. The 
route was a delightful one. * * * Honestly, and aside from the 
prejudice against his locomotive powers, this man has made a most alluring 
book of his adventures; and for sketches of out-of-the-way corners in the 
less visited counties of Ireland it is unsurpassed. 

"Blessi^gs on the Wheelmen." 
The "terrible" charge is made by the Express that the road improve- 
ment idea has been started by the wheelmen. Then blessings on 
the wheelmen. We hope every wheelman will refuse to vote for 
any public officer who is not committed to the immediate improve- 
ment of the highways. Good highvays are for wheels, whether 
the two-wheel tandem, ridden by a man, woman or child, or the 
two wheels on each end of an axle drawn by a farm horse, or the four 
wheels of the pleasure carriage, or wheels laden with the products of farm 
• or factory. We want good roods, and the state should pay for them out of 
its overflowing treasury. But if good roads were for bicycle riders alone the 
cause would be worthy of full and hearty promotion. The bicycle is for bus- 
iness as well as pleasure. In the city there are more bicycle owners than 
there are horse owners. In the rural villages the same is true. Have the 
bicycle riders no rights? Indeed it is as much their right to demand of 
the state good roads as it is the right of the farmer to insist upon honest 
government. Good roads are the arteries of commerce. Along them the 
blood of business life flows. Shall that flow be sluggish because of miser- 
able wagon-ways and at an absolute standstill four months in the year, or 
shall it be at all times active? The building, of a first-class system of high- 
ways by the state is the only correct solution of the problem.— Buffalo 
Times. 

A Sidewalk Fiend in Trouble. 
Clarence Kenyon was riding on the sidewalk at Indianapolis recently 
and ran into several women. Disentangling 
himself he started out afresh but smashed 
into Romus F. Stuart. The handle bars 
raked some of the skin off Mr. Stuart's 
back and this naturally luffled the temper 
of the pedestrian, who promptly swore out 
a warrant for the cyclist's arrest for assault 
and battery. The case was tried in the 
criminal court last week. The state 
asserted that the statute looks upon the case 
in the light of an assault, as the riding 

of the wheel on the sidewalk was an offense against a city ordinance. 

Judge Cox is considering the case. 

Whereabo ;ts of an old Racing man. 
In a recent chat with Mr. C. F. Smith, the well known Indianapolis 
manufacturer, the talk turned upon Samuel Hollingsworth, the road rider of 
'85 whose prowess was known all over the country, and who was at that time 
a protege of Mr. Smith. It was learned that Mr. Hollingsworth is now 
running a saw mill at Rushville, Indiana. He is married and comfortably 
settled down. 

Information Wanted. 
Two Chicago wheelmen wish to spend the last three weeks of March 
in some place in the South which will aiTord them suitable weather and 
roads for cycling. If anyone knowing of such a place will trouble to write 
to me I will be very much obliged and grateful. 

Arthur G. Bkxnijtt, No. i Michigan Avenue. 

The League as an Example. 
Fred E. Pond, Milwaukee, Wis., has issued a call to form a national 
sportmen's association to protect game. In his circular Mr. Pond says: "As 
an example — one out of many — showing how much can be done by devotees 
of out door sports, the excellent, effective work performed by the League 
of American Wheelmen in behalf of good roads may be properly 
mentioned." 




THE BEARINGS. 




CHAFF. 



Austral Wheel Race Will be Abandoned. 

Melbourne, Australia, Dec. i8. — There has been a dearth of news since 
the Austral Wheel race has been — lost. I say lost because that's how it 
affected the greater part of the competitors. There will not be another 
Austral until the next one, and I've heard on good authority that the next 
Austral will not take place. The Melbourne B. C. made $i,ooo on their 
two day's meet, but as they were $40,000 in the hole it is quite likely that 
the foregoing is true. 

The inter-club road races are about finished with the exception of the 
two leading teams in their respective sections — the Fitzroy and Southern 
District Cycling Clubs. Neither of them has met defeat, and whichever 
vanquishes the other will prove "premiers" for the season. The Fernside 
C. C. showed up very well in these contests, being beaten only once. In 
the last contest three members of one team fitted elliptical sprocket wheels 
to their wheels, but during the race two of the chains broke and left the 
riders helpless. 

The Australian climate is peculiar. Sometimes the best riding days 
are in the summer; sometimes in winter. It would puzzle a stranger here 
to tell what season it is at times. It is now mid-summer and there are 
many overcoats to be seen. Two days ago the thermometer said 98 degrees 
above — no top coats then. — Dingo. 

Chief Consul Holm to Wed. 
St. Louis, Feb. 13. — Dame Rumor hath it that our most worthy chief 
consul, Robert Holm, is to take unto himself a wifeinthe very near future, 
and my informant went so far as to state the lady's name — Miss Upmeyer, a 
sister of one of the members of the South Side C. C. 



"Wets" win at Baltimore. 
Baltimore, Feb. 11. — On Tuesday night the Chesapeake Wheelmen 
made a radical change in its constitution, the direct result of which will 
be to make it a "wet" club. The old struggle between the "wet" and 
"dry" elements of the club in the past has been fruitful in dissensions that 
have greatly weakened the otherwise powerful organization. The manipu- 
lators tf the club determined long ago to introduce the buffet feature of 
club life into their Fulton Avenue home. Instead of attempting this in 
open meeting as heretofore, they used diplomacy and so had the constitu- 
tion changed that the government of the club is solely in the hands of a 
board of governors. Now this board is decidedly of a "wet" disposition. 
Thereby the tale. On Thursday night the Baltimore club gave an enter- 
tainment to Hallen and Hart, the comedians. It was a great success. 



A Lone Ordinary Rider. 
Kansas City, Mo., Feb. 13. — Prior to last season Kansas City had not 
been distinguished on the track, but some of our men, notably H. R. War- 
ren and C. Kindervatter, did some good work last summer, the former 
holding the Missouri championship for one mile, and the latter taking five 
prizes at the Kansas state meet at Wichita. Next season we expect to put 
in the field a racing team of eight or ten men who will be heard from out- 
side of this city. There are many ordinaries in Kansas City, but there is 
but one lone ordinary rider. Day and night, no matter what the weather, 
he can be seen riding to and from his work, a distance of about ten miles. 
The other day, with the thermometer away below zero and a terrific 
blizzard blowing, this Spartan was seen driving against the blinding snow, 
his dinner basket on his shoulder. 



For the Most Popular Wheelman. 
Rochester, February 10. — Socially the past week was uneventful among 
the different organizations in the city. The wheelmen of the town are at 
present spirited to a degree of enthusiasm over a contest for "the most 
popular wheelman in Rochester." Charles H. Smith, of the Lake Views, 
Charles J. Iven, of the Genesees, and Fred Crosby, unattached, are leading 
in the contest, which will not be decided until May i. A Columbia wheel 
will be awarded the one having the greatest number of votes. The 
Ramblers Club is already talking of a series of road races next season. 
Other clubs will not be behind in this respect. 



CHICAGO ITEMS. 



The Cook County Wheelmen gave a progressive cinch party last Satur- 
day night. About sixty members and their gentlemen friends were present. 
This club will give a progressive euchre party tomorrow evening. 

Last Friday night the Lake View C. C. gave a progressive euchre 
party for members and their lady friends. The club house was crowded to 
its utmost capacity. This was the third of a series of parties which will be 
continued every two weeks until the close of the season. 

A succession of thaws and freezes has given Chicago a coat of icy mail 
which is being thawed and evaporated very gradually indeed. There is 
not as much talk about century rides as there was last year at this time, 
but activity is already apparent. One of the forms of winter riding which 
has been indulged in has been spinning out to the break-water on the ice 
in the harbor. 

Entertainments galore continue. The concert given at Rosalie Hall, 
under the auspices of the Chicago Cycling Club, was a gratifying success. 
The Oak Park C. C.'s Mother Goose affair was attended by 200 people. 
Booths were placed about the large dance hall and famous nursery char- 
acters were impersonated in character, and mandolin orchestra and 
tableaux were features. 



About 200 Century Road Club ballots have been returned so far. 
Twenty-seven Chicago cyclists were seated at dinner in the Rag Shop 
last Thursday. This was record. 

The third annual tournament of the Columbia Cycle Club, Hartford, 
Conn., will be held at Charter Oak Park, July 3-4. 

An injection of hot water with the aid of a pneumatic pump may be a 
novel way of curing ear ache, but it is said to get there just the same. 

Editor Dai Lewis states that this year's Martin road race will probably 
be run under the auspices of the newly organized associated clubs of Buffalo. 

President Bates' articles on the needless width of some American 
roadways, which recently appeared in The Bearings, is being copied by 
the daily press. 

The Springfield (Mass.) Bi. Club, has a membership of 332. At the 
last meeting William Metcalf was appointed to compile the prospectus for 
the fall tournament. 

Charles M. Welch, sporting editor, and H. W. Chapin city editor of 
the Syracuse News, are about to publish a cycling and athletic monthly, 
to be known as the Athlete. 

The second annual minstrel show of the Dayton Bicycle Club will be 
held February 20. Original scenery will be used and efforts will be made 
to make this surpass all others. 

The Alamo Wheelmen will give a lantern parade on the evening of 
Washington's birthday, attending a "P. B." entertainment afterwards. 
What "P. B." signifies informant sayeth not. 

It is probable that the police commissioners of Washington, D. C, 
will amend the present regulations by allowing the cyclists to dispense with 
a bell, but making it compulsory to carry a lantern after nightfall. 

Ninety-three of the members of the Buffalo Ramblers rolled up a mile- 
age of 153,004 miles last year. F. E. Klipfel led with 4,600 and Louis 
Bruch brought up the rear with 14 miles. Ninety-five centuries were made 
by club members. 

Charles P. Sisley has resigned the editorial chair of Cycling to assume 
charge of his new paper. Up to Date. Mr. Sisley has made Cycling 
one of the best of England's cycle journals during the time he was con- 
nected with the paper. 

Good Roads for January is a Massachusetts number. It contains arti- 
cles from Governor Russell, A. H. Overman, Col. Pope and others. The 
contribution of Prof. Shaler, on the need of trained road-makers, is partic- 
ularly striking. The photo-illustrations of roads made by skilled and poor 
road-makers are excellent; in fact the whole magazine is magnificently 
illustrated. 

A New York cyclist had a severe fall from his wheel last week. Hear- 
ing that vaseline wcs good for bruises he secured a bottle of what he 
thought was that ointment and painted his wounds. It was mucilage, how- 
ever, which fact the young man discovered after he had retired to bed. 
The sheets were "stuck on" him and consequently he has been " stuck 
up" ever since. 

Some of the many friends of Joseph Goodman who received cards from 
the editor of the American Cyclist, declaring his engagement to Miss Stern 
mistook them for an announcement of his marriage. The Bearings was 
guileless and made the same mistake. Mr. Goodman writes that at the 
present time he "has no thoughts of immediately settling down to the 
state of matrimonial bliss." 




" OIL." 



THK BEARINQS. 



THE EXPERT'S WHEEL. 



As a prize winner the blue-rimmed Columbia of '92 was so favorably 
known that "Watch for the Slue Rims "' became a by-word among the spec- 
tators at every race. So great an interest did it arouse that we have been 
in constant receipt of inquiries in regard to the '93 Model 30. 




Columbia, Model 30. 

WEIGHT, 30 POUNDS. PRICE, $150. 

The Columbia, Model 30, as the Relay is now called, remains in outward 
appearance as first built, though a few improvements in parts has given an 
additional value to the machine as a whole. 

It is intended for expert riders who ride fast and hard, but who give 
their wheels intelligent attention. To its careful construction and special 
Columbia pneumatic tires, Is due its success as a road racer, and as for 
stiffness and strength it is unequalled by any wheel of its weight. 

It is regularly equipped with toe elliptical sprocket wheel, and finished in 
black enamel, including rims, unless otherwise ordered. 

Our catalogue will tell you a great deal more about it. Free at Columbia 
agencies. By mail for 2-cent stamps. 



POPE nrQ. CO. 



D05T2N. 



NEW T2RK. 



CniCflQS. 



HflRTFSKD. 



ABOUT THE MODEL 30. 



Elizabeth, N. J., Jan. 24, 1893. 
Pope Mfg. Co.: 

Gentlemen— Please let me give you my idea of 
a Columbia Relay. I am a heavy person, my 
weight is U>i pounds. I have ridden the Relay 
all last season, and have given it a most severe 
test, and I must say it stood the racket wonder- 
fully. When I purchased my Relaj-, my friends 
all thought that it ^^ould not stand the road 
racket. There is a proverb that reads "Those 
who laugh last, laugh best," so it was with me. 
After the season was over I showed them my 
wheel. They all came to the conclusion that 
the next wheel they bought would undoubtedly 
be a Relay where toere is good workmanship, 
finest material and elegant finish— there is no 
fear of riding a light wheel (which can only be 
found in the Columbia). You may if you wish 
use this in your testimonials. 

Hoping you will send me the list and pamphlet, 
and wishing you the greatest success, I am. 
Very respectfully yours, with a Columbia at 
hand, 
97 Broad Street. GEO. M. ENGLE. 



ABOUT THE TIRE. 



Sanford, Me., Jan. 2, 1893. 
The Pope Mfg. Co., Boston, Mase.: 

Gentlemen — Having read the testimonials 
favoring your tire, in a recent issue of the 
Bicycling World, it prompts me to write a 
word in their praise. I have ridden Century No. 
4820 every day the weather wou'd permit, and 
sometimes regardless of weather, from the 2(»th 
of April to the present date, over such roads as 
we have in this State, New Hampshire and New- 
Brunswick, and both tires and machine have 
yet to meet with their first accident. Although 
the tires have been subjected to some severe 
strains, they ar» apparently as good as ever, 
and I see no reason why they should not get 
through anotlier season as well as they have 
this. They have been run about 2500 miles and 
never over anything befer than a common 
country road. Yours very respectfully, 

CYRUS BATCHELDOR. 



IN GENERAL 



Philadelphia, Pa., Dec. 22, 1892. 
Pope Mfg. Co., Boston, Mass.: 

Dear Sirs — There are three clerks in this office, 
and all riders of the only cycle— The Columbia. 
We congratulate you on the success which has 
crowned your efforts and trust in the future 
your success will be greater and greater. 

I myself took quite a tour through some of 
the southern States on a Columbia last year, 
and will say it was the most delightful trip I 
ever had. Yours, etc., 

J. S. McCONNELL. 



Hartford, Conn., Dec. 15, 1892. 
Pope^Mfg. Co., Hartford. Conn.: 

I bought a Century Columbia bicycle last 
spring and now after a season's use of the same, 
I am happy to say that I am and have been 
thoroughly satisfled with it, frame, wheels and 
tire. I want no better machine. I have used 
it for errands, for touring, for hunting and lish- 
ing trips over the worst roads in Connecticut, 
and no better test can be given any wlieel. 
Yours truly, 

ARTHUR L. SHIPMAN. 



Wilmington, Del., Dec. 19, 189i. 
Pope Mfo. Co.: 

Dear Sir— Well, I still stick to the Columbia 
coming to my fifth year, I always sell my wheel 
in the fall and get the new style in the spring, 
therefore enables me to have the latest style 
and always have a wheel in good condition. I 
have at times ridden other wheels, but cannot 
find one to meet the pleasure of a Columbia. 
You have my best recommendation for the 
Columbia Wheel. Yours very truly, 

ELWOOD I. TRUMAN. 



MENTION THE BEARINGS 



THE BEARINGS. 





TDtue IVa^me 



IS KNOWN TO 

WHEREVER IS USED THE TYPEWRITER, THE SEWING MACHINE 
OR THE BREECHLOADER. 

THE REMINGTON SAFETY 

NOW BUILT BY THE 

REMINGTON ARMS CO. 

WILL ADD ADDITIONAL LUSTRE TO THE GREAT NAME 

These Magnificent Wheels built on the Latest Lines, with many Novel 
and Striking Improvements, are listed as followrs : 

With Pneamatic Tires liist $140.00- 

Xliof sen (f Cassadv Co^npanv 

60 and 62 WABASH AVE. 





Also Sole Chicago 

Wholesale 

Distributors: 

Western Wheel Works 

Cycles, 
Remington Cycles. 

Send lor special pro- 
position to Agents. 

MENTIOM The BeARINQ& 



THE BKARINQS. 



CHICAGO DEALERS MEET AGAIN. 




AR TISTIC AD I ER TISEMENTS. 
George R. Davis ^ secretary of the Hillsdale, Mich., Bicycle Club, 
writes concerning TwE Bearings.- " IVe think it is the best authority on 
wheel matters we get. Not the least interesting features are the artistic ad- 
vertisements. When corresponding with any of your patrons we always let 
them know to whom the credit belongs."' 



HOBBIES V ERSU S DOLLARS. 

"If people want fish, let them have fish," said George S. Webb, 
superintendent of the newly formed Aurora Cycle Co., in a chat concern- 
ing hobbies which certain manufacturers tried to introduce at the Show. 
"When the public wants a certain kind of frame it is foolish to try to force 
another kind upon the people. And so it is with other features." A few 
really able builders who cannot induce themselves to make money instead 
of pushing unpopular hobbies might find a grain of profitable thought in 
Mr. Webb's words. Mr. C. F. Smith, president of the Indiana Bicycle Co., 
who created such a sensation at the Show by gobbling several of the most 
experienced salesmen in the trade, said this about hobbies: "I do not aim 
to force peculiar construction upon the public. I am content to adopt the 
most popular idea; embellish it with the best minor features I can find; 
produce my goods with the best material and workmanship procurable and 
use the best means of sale. I not only have a fancy for this common, 
e very-day system but find that it incidentally brings in the shekels." 

The Bearings begs to be distinctly understood in saying that the 
above has no reference to certain spring-frame and other originalities 
■which are popular and in general use. 



A New Portland Concern. 
The North Pacific Cycle Co. is the name of a new bicycle company 
ushered into existence at Portland, Oregon. This concern is under the 
management of Mr. John L,. Walpole and Mr. W. E. Newton, and it is 
claimed that it will be a very complete and thoroughly equipped establish- 
ment. Imperials and Falcons will be the leaders. 



Scientific Free Advertising. 
The Bearings and other journals have recently been favored with 
the contributions of three writers who have used the cycling papers on the 
free syndicate principle. These writers may or may not care to know that 
while their articles are interesting they do not come under the head of 
current news and, if published simultaneously in several journals, do not 
satisfactorily serve any purpose unless it is to advertise the writers. 



Value of English Exports. 
The United States consul at Birmingham, England, reports that the 
exports of cycles from Birmingham and Coventry to America during the 
quarter ending December 31, 1892, has been larger than in any correspond- 
ing quarter, and in the list of goods stands second only to steel and iron. 
The value of cycles and cycle materials exported to this country during 
that period from Coventry and Birmingham amounted to f 114,107.56, while 
the exports of steel and iron reached $135,369.56. 



Belittles American Competition. 
In a paper on "Cycle prospects throughout the world," read by 
E. M. Bowden at the National Cycle Show, the United States were referred 
to thus: "Many English firms of cycle makers have already obtained a 
footing in the United States, and more, I trust, will do so in the near 
future, as notwithstanding the high duty of 45 per cent, which the Ameri- 
cans see fit to impose, that vast and thriving country presents a tempting 
field for the expansion of English cycle trade. It is said that some firms 
have met with disappointment in trying to push their business in America, 
but as was recently pointed out, a traveller to be successful on the other 
side of the Atlantic, must know something of the country and the ways of 
the people, besides being a good business man. There is apparently no 
reason why a large and successful trade should not be done with America 
if properly worked; for though the duty is so high the high duties on all 
other goods raise the cost of production to the American maker so much 
that he finds it pretty hard to compete with first-class English machines." 



Nothing resulted from the last meeting of the local dealers' associa- 
tion, on February 9. The gentlemen met at the Wellington Hotel and for 
two hours discussed the situation pro and con. Charles F. Stokes again 
presided, while F. I,. Douglas acted as secretary. Mr. Thorsen was there 
in place of Mr. Cassady, and R. C. Lennie represented the Stover people. 
F. J. Fanning, A. G. Spalding & Bros. ' representative, was the only one 

absent, but he did not receive a notice of the meeting until too late to 
attend. 

After routine matter had been disposed of C. H. Plumb, of the Ariel 
Cycle Mfg. Co., started a discussion on the vexed question as to whether 
second-hand wheels should be taken in trade, and if so, how much should 
be allowed on them. For a short time there was a hot debate. The deal- 
ers who did a retail business only were mostly in favor of accepting wheels 
as part payment on new machines, while those who did both a wholesale 
and retail trade were opposed to it. The retailers claimed that they did 
not have a wholesale trade to fall back on, and had to take wheels in trade 
to make any money. The question was not put to a vote and was left over 
to another meeting. A resolution calling for the appointment of a com- 
mittee of three by the chairman, to interview all of the tradesmen on the 
subject of joining the organization, was passed. Mr. J. O. Blake, of the 
Gormully & Jefiery Mfg. Co., was appointed a committee of one to look 
after stolen wheels. He will keep a record of all stolen bicycles and send 
notices to the dealers. Mr. Sieg created some talk concerning long time 
on retail sales. The dealers will meet again at the chairman's call. 



Will the Combine Hurt Trade? 
Baltimore dealers are already talking of how the new trade organiza- 
tion will afifect them. One prominent agent said that if the dealers did 
not take old wheels in trade the riders would either do without new 
mounts or send their old machines to Washington and surrounding cities 
to be disposed of. If this was done it would do incalculable damage to 
the tradesmen. One way of dodging the new law has already come to 
light. The dealer " trusts " his customer. The latter pays $50 down and 
leaves his old wheel with the agent, being " trusted " for the balance. 
The ofiicersof the new organization have not yet been elected. 



Toledo Dealers Follow Chicago's Example. 
The dealers at Toledo, C, met last week and decided not to take 
second-hand wheels in tr?de. They will put such machines on sale, how- 
ever, and charge ten per cent, commission for selling them. The Chap- 
man Hardware Co., Colton & Hickox, Bissell & Dodge, Toledo Bicycle 
Co. and H. E. Richards & Co. are in the deal. 



Recent Patents. 
The following patents have been granted at Washington: Velocipede 
saddle, William J. Edwards, Chicago, 111., assignor to the Union Mfg. & 
Plating Co., same place; a bicycle, Frank Sweetland, Angola, N. Y. ; pneu- 
matic tire, Daniel H. Smith, Holyoke, Mass.; bicycle-lock, Edward Buysse, 
South Bend, Ind.; combined coasting-pedal and lock for bicycles, Waldo 
G. Fay, Columbus, O.; bicycle-gear, William Mahoney, New York; cycle- 
tire, Alexander Straus, New York; velocipede driving-gear, John Keen, 
Thomas R. Marriott and Frederick Cooper, London, England; fastening 
device for wheels, Henry C. Carver, Manchester, assignor to Edmund 
Drinkwater Carver, Wimbledon, England; support for velocipedes. Ster- 
ling Elliott, Newton, assignor to the Hickory Wheel Company, Water- 
town, Mass.; pneumatic tire, Christian H. Gray, Silvertown, England. 



"An Improved Bicycle." 

A. D. Jenkins, Philadelphia, is the inventor of this bicycle. The 

Scientific American describes the machine as follows: " The system of 

differential gears provided in the wheel shown in the illustration is designed 

to enable it to be run very easily at an ordinary rate of speed, or to be run 

slowly and with great pow- 
er, or very rapidly, as de- 
sired. The main frame 
has an upwardly curved 
backbone extending from 
front to rear, and the driv- 
ing axle is journaled in 
hangers depending from 
opposite sides of the frame. 
On the axle is a double 
sprocket wheel of small 
diameter, a chain from 
which turns over a small 
wheel on the hub of the 
I — „,j — ^^l^^^^ii. '■j'—.nufei^^_ ' ^^ rear wheel, while another 

^^V<?\\ ^=~==:*^^'^=— - - -;. -=*B^^K»..»^>,i^. pjj^jj^ extending forward 

xtxtav BicTois. from the same wheel drives 

a small wheel on the hub of a fly wheel. The periphery of the fly wheel 
also has a chain connecting with a small sprocket wheel on the hub of the 
rear wheel, and the latter wheel has likewise a sprocket chain connection 
with a sprocket wheel of intermediate size produced on the fly wheel. 
This gear arrangement allows for three changes of speed, one rate for slow 
driving over hilly and difficult roads, one for moderate work, and one for 
driving as fast as possible, in each case the main sprocket wheel serving as 
a fly wheel and assisting in keeping up a constant and steady motion." 




They use the Spiral Tubing. 
The Eclipse Bicycle Co. write that they are using the Mannesmann 
spiral fibre tubing in the Eclipse. 



THE BEARINGS. 



FREE! 



A FOWUR 



REflb C:0NDITI0N5. 



We want every 
reader of this paper 
to have one of the 
Fowler Catalogues. 
It is a beauty and 
gives information 
that every rider and 
agent should know. 
We will forward you 
one upon receipt of 
your application. 

A record will be 
kept of your name, 
address and number 
of catalogue sent you. 

On March 31, 1893, 
we will announce the 
number, and on re- 
ceipt of the catalogue, 
we forward to its 
owner. 




MODEL B, SCALE WEIGHT (as you see it), 32 LBS. 
MODEL A all on SCALE WEIGHT, 36 LBS. 



either 26, 32 or 36 pound regular $150.00 wheel, in 
any color and guaranteed for one year. 

Messrs. S. A. Miles, "Referee," and N. H. Van 
SicKLEN, '' Bearings," have decided upon a number 
which is now placed in the safe keeping of a third, 
disinttresttd party. 

Applicants must send name and address plainly 
written. Mention ' Bearings." 

We must also have the lucky Catalogue returned 
to us after the winning number has been announced. 

EVEPYBODY SEND IN YOUP NAME 

Secretaries of Clubs : Send in names and addresses 
of your members and you may get a $150 wheel, 
which you can dispose of for the benefit of your . lub. 

Agents : Don't you want to handle the Fowler ? 
Write us for terms and discounts, statiag territory 
desired, etc. 




e/A//Vi.'» £/VG. C O. C-V> 



THE FOWLER TRUSS FRAME. (Pat. Applied For.) 




142. 144. 146. 148 W. Washincton Street 
QMIC/IQO, ILL 



McNTiaN The Bearings. 



THB BEARINGS. 



TWO BIG CONC ERN S CONSOLIDATE. 

At a joint meeting of the board of directors of the Shelby Steel Tube 
Co. and the Shelby Cycle Mfg. Co. at Shelby, O., last Monday the two 
concerns were consolidated, under the name of the Shelby Steel Tube Co. 
This new arrangement makes it one of the most formidable organizations 
in the United States. The capital stock has been increased to $400,000. 
Captain D. L,- Cockley was re-elected president of the Shelby Steel Tube 
Co., and B.J. Williams, secretary and treasurer. About 225 men are at 
present employed in these works, the output last month being 160,000. 
When the plant is in full operation the output will be between 350,000 and 
400,000 feet per month. This company will turn out bicycle forgings in 
large quantities. One of their latest additions is a machine for tapering 
bicycle handle bars and forks. 



For Cash Only. 
Probably no other cycle concern does business on the same plan as 
does the James Cycle Importing Co., Chicago. The James is sold for 
cash and old wheels are not taken in trade. Harry James has won a great 
reputation for building light wheels that will stand up well on the road 
and with this reputation he can afiord to be independent. He only builds 
wheels on special orders and the James Cycle Co. had to place their order 




FOR O NE S HOW. 

English Makers Think That a Yearly Exhibition Is All That Is Required. 

Bearing on the subject of whether the trade should manage its own 
show or whether some club should run it the action of the English manu- 
facturers will be interesting to American dealers. Recently the Stanley 
Club and the Cycle Makers' Trade Protection Association held separate 
meetings. The latter organization was aggressive and at first 
did not want to pass a resolution to appoint a committee 
to consult with the Stanley Club with a view to promoting one show, J. K. 
Starley moved: "That this meeting requests the directors of the National 
Cycle Show, Limited, to continue their regulations at present in force, 
leaving it optional for any cycle manufacturer or agent to exhibit in future, 
either at the National or any other show, but not at two shows." 

Mr. R. L. Philpot moved this amendment: "That this meeting appoint 
two or three of the Manufacturers' Association a committee to confer with 
the Stanley Club with the view to bring about one show, and to amalga- 
mate in its promotion, and to form a joint committee to deal with the 
matter." 

After a hot debate the amendment was passed by a bare majority. The 
manufacturers object to the Stanley Show because foreign makers are thus 
enabled to copy English patterns. Then again they considered that the 
Stanley show was held too early to suit them. 

The Stanley Club meeting was more pacific. The members of the 
club seemed anxious to conciliate the manufacturers and readily agreed to 
appoint a committee for a joint conference. The Stanley Club has not 
definitely decided to hold a show next winter at any given datp and its 
president claims that the club is not bound in any way and has not made a 
bargain in any sense with anyone whatever. It was, therefore, perfectly 
free to deal with any suggestion that might be offered. The joint meeting 
of the two committees has not yet been held. 



THE JAMES. 



for the '93 wheels last September. They received six of the new wheels 
from England last week, anil they are indeed beautiful specimens of the 
cycle makers' art. The road racer weighs under 27 pounds. Many small 
improvements are noted. A dust proof crank bracket is one of them. 
Improvements have also been made on the chain adjustment and seat and 
lantern clips. These wheels can be seen at 980 Caxton Building, Chicago. 



Munger as "Mr. Dillinger." 
"The best laid plans of mice and men aft gang agley." Results are 
not always what they are intended to be. This applies peculiarly to 
printed matter, which is the result of bad copy. In the advertisement of 
the Century Cycle Mfg. Co., last week it was 
staled that they would be represented by Mr. 
"L,. Dillinger". "L. D. Munget" was intended. 
The latter named gentleman is soon to be 
abroad in the land with the light and beauteous 
Arrow, manufactured by the Century Com- 
pany, and he will make himself heard. That 
goes without saying. 



Sending to Ireland For Material. 
The American Dunlop Tire Co., failing to secure the high grade linen 
canvas in this country which the English Dunlop Company use, have sent 
their Mr. Alfred Du Cros to the north of Ireland to purchase and arrange 
for the importation of large quantities of canvas of precisely the same 
grade as that used by the English Company. Hevv'ill return in about three 
weeks. 

An Interesting Catalogue. 
Palmer Cox's brownies are having a high old time on the handsomely 
lithographed cover of the Stover Bicycle Mfg. Co.'s catalogue. These 
queer little creatures are riding Phoenixes up to the entrance of the 
World's Fair grounds. This pamphlet is decidedly novel and beautiful. 
Of course the Thoroughbred Phoenix is fully described and illustrated and 
the Stover Company announce that they have never owned a racing team 
and have not wasted their customers' time and patience with honey- 
tongued traveling salesmen, nor wasted fortunes in extravagant advertising, 
but have devoted all of their time to turning out a first class machine. A 
very interesting chapter on tires, how to ascertain the gear of any wheel, 
and a list of cycling papers are other features of this work of art. 

The Warwick Company Win a Lawsuit. 
The Warwick Cycle Mfg. Co. were successful in the Overman Wheel 
Co.'s suit, in the United States Circuit Court on February 8, the prosecu- 
tion being non-suited. It is only a few weeks ago that the Warwick Com- 
pany gained a victory over the Pope Mfg. Co. in an important suit. It is a 
matter of considerable satisfaction to the manufacturers of the Warwick 
that every lawsuit they have had to defend has been decided in their favor. 



Another Wonderful Invention. 
It is gravely stated by the Hornellsville 
(Pa.) Tribune that J. C. Uangdon, of Erie. Pa., 
has been offered $140,000 and a royalty by a 
bicycle manufacturing company for his "Human 
weight propaller," a contrivance that can be 
attached to any kind of a vehicle that runs by 
propulsion, the power being generated by the 
weight of the person. 



Mr. Flavell to Return Home. 
Mr. A. E. Flavell, Loyd Read & Co.'s 
representative, who has been in America plac- 
ing agencies for the Overstone, expects to sail 
for England February 22. He will leave a 
number of pleasant acquaintances in Chicago, 
where he expects to return during the season. 



The Cause of Delay. 

Last week's Bearings, as well as several 
of its contemporaries, contained an advertise- 
ment of the Hill Cycle Co. which was con- 
strued by the post office authorities to be in 
violation of the lottery laws. The paper had 
consequently to be taken back from the post 
office and re-mailed,after four pages had been re- 
moved and re-printed with matter coming with- 
in the limits of the law. Attention is called 
to the ad. in this issue. 




FACTORY OP E. C. STEARNS AND CO., SYRACUSE, 



THE BEARINGS. 



Laying the Foundation 

Is the important thing. Every agent is looking to the future. Then 
why waste time with a cheap wheel which goes to pieces, and in a few 
years disappears from the market (nobody wants it), leaving the agent 
to begin all over again. Better take the TourJSt which Jmakes friends 
on sight. It will make you rich, and it gives no trouble. Fitted with the 
BiDWELL Pneumatic Tire for 1893. It offers you the perfection of 
bicycle riding. 

Send for catalogue and our pamphlet, entitled: 

"AIR: its Hard and Soft Side." 



Z'-'^^. 



Also write for a circular of our new 

BALL BEARING CYCLOMETER. / 

It runs as smoothly and accurately as a chronometer watch. It is 
simple in its construction and is bound to give satisfaction. 




QEO. R. BIbWELL CTCLE CO. 

306-31 West 59th 5t., NEW YORK. 



FACTORY: 
Colt's West Armory, HARTFORD, CONN. 



TIRE FACTORY: 
49-5 I West 66 St., N. Y. 

MENTION THE BEARINQP 



Makers ol THE TOURIST BICYCLES. 

And Sole Eastern Agents for 

St. Nicholas Mfg. Co.'s Safeties, a medium grade line. 



THE SCORCHER SYLPH, Model D. 



IT COMBINES 



HIGHEST GRADE. RIGID FRAME. WEIGHT 30 POUNDS. 




The Proper Lines, 

The Correct Proportions, 

The Most Perfect Adjustments, 

The Least Weight with the Greatest Strength. 

IN SHORT, it is the nearest perfection yet attained in a cycle of its weight and design. 

f ROUSE-DURYEA CYCLE CO., 




Scorchers and hard road riders who prefer a lisht weight, rigid frame machine are invited to investigate. Its 
special features were tlie subject of much favorable comment at the Philadelphia Cycle Show, and the cycling 
papers have given it flattering notices. FOR GENUINE PLEASURE AND COMFORT for all sorts of riders, over 
all sorts of roads, cobble stone pavements included, tlie Spring Frame Sylph in either Diamond or Drop frame 
is absolutely without an equal. We would be glad to mail you a catalogue free telling all about Sylph cycles. 
Good Agents wanted in Unoccupied Territory. 



^ 
^ 



142 G STREET, PEORIA, ILL. 




The RUDGE 



COMPLETE 
LINE. 



■ »»i«ii»i»i»»t^iB)a n ^ n i j f lH j j 



Would you like a Catalogue giving full particulars? If so, write us. Agents wanted 
in unoccupied territory. 
KCDGE SCORCHER No. 1. Weight 30 pounds with Pneumatic Koad Tires; 28 pounds 

with Racing Tires. 
RIIDGE .SCORCHER No. 3. Weight, all on, 35 pounds. 
RIJDGE ROADSTER No. 3. Weight, stripped, Cushion Tires, ;J5 pounds; Pneumatic 

Tires, 30 pounds. 
RUDGK ROADSTER No. 4. Same weights as No. 3. 
RUDGE ROADSTER No. H.5. Weight, Cushion Tires, 46 pounds; Pneumatic Tiros, 4S 

pounds. 
LADIES' RI;DGB LIGHT ROADSTER No. «. Weiglit, all oo, 35 pounds; Weight, 

stripped, 27 jwunds. 
RUDGE RACER. Weight, 20 pounds. 

RIIDGE TRIPLET R.\C1TMG SAFETY. The fastest machine in the world. 
RIIDGE TANDEM S.VFETY. 

Exclusive territory given live agents and dealers. An invcstig.ation will show it a 
desirable line to handle. 



F. L. 



S.'l™'' ''■ ROUSE, HAZARD & CO. 



RUDGE SCORCHER No. 1. 



284-286 WABASH AVE. 
Exdu.slve Manufacturers and Importers for the entire United States. 



142 Q JT«, PCORIfl, ILL. 



THE BEARINOS. 



AGAIN, T HE E LLIPTIC. 

The Elliptical Sprocket Wheel Exhaustively Treated by the President of a 
Large Chicago Company. 
The Bearings has received, without solicitation, the following 
lengthy and careful study of the elliptical sprocket wheel from President 
Frank Douglas, of the Kenwood Manufacturing Company, Chicago. Mr. 
Douglas, who has for some years had quite a reputation as a mechanical 
expert in Chicago and the East, not only acts as president and treasurer of 
his company but takes the leading part in the construction of its bicycles. 
He opens by stating that his company does not use the elliptical and 
gives the following reasons: 

First: We never have been able to find any elliptical gears cut accu- 
rately as to pitch or shape of teeth, or true enough to fit the standard 
chain, and the machine has never been made that will cut one with perfect 
teeth. 

Second: The loose-and-tight chain, together with its vibrating motion, 
which occurs twice in every revolution of the crank, causes annoyance and 
also additional friction. 

Third: There is a loss, as compared with a round gear, of about fifteen 
per cent of foot pound efficiency or power through the part of the revolu- 
tion where the best results should be obtained, or through seven tenths of 
the stroke as shown by the diagram. All of the above are considered good 
and sufficient reasons. 

In order to accurately prove the relative difference between the ellip- 
tical and the round gear, we have made a diagram which illustrates tests 
and measurements with an elliptical gear of twenty teeth attached to a 
bicycle crank shaft from which the chain runs back to a ten tooth gear on a 
30-inch wheel. The rim of the wheel is divided into ten equal spaces, each 
space representing the space from one tooth to the other on the gear. The 
S crank is set in a 

vertical position at 
No. I, showing the 
elliptical gear ad- 
vanced one cog 
from the right 
angle of its length, 
which position is 
said to be its prop- 
er relation to the 
crank for the best 
results. The posi- 
tion of the saddle 
at S, the position 
of the knee at K 
and the position of 
the foot on the 
pedal at O, are 
denoted by the full 
lines from one to 
the other. The 
dotted lines show 
the position of the 
crank as the wheel 
advances, marking 
each tenth of its 
revolution, as shown by O on the pedal, numbering one to eleven, and 
dotted lines from pedal to K and S are also shown at each division from 
one to eleven. 

The Loss or Gain in Leverage by the Irregular Shape 
of the ellipse, the angle of the chain back to the small gear, and the 
advancement or drop of the crank in each tenth of the revolution, are care- 
fully noted. For the purpose of the comparison we have figured the con- 
stant downward pressure on the crank at ten pounds. The crank is 6"^ 
inches long. The power acting upon the rear sprocket wheel is computed 
in comparison with a round gear of the same number of teeth, which is 
denoted by radial full lines from the crank center to X and numbered i 
to II as follows: 

A Comparative Computation. 
The distance from one to two and two to three, and so on as the crank 
advances or drops, is multiplied by the effective pressure on the crank and 
by the average leverage on the chain extending to the rear wheel, which 
leverage varies as the sprocket advances from one tenth to the next. The 
motion of the 30-inch wheel is constant, and this makes it the proper point 
from which to start. The elliptical and round wheels having 
the same number of teeth make the same number of turns 
and also cause the crank to assume the same relative position at 
four points of the revolution. It v. ill be observed that the crank of 
the ellipse moves through the first two spaces faster than the cranks of the 
circular gear, as denoted by dotted lines to O of the elliptical gear, and the 
full lines X of the round gear, and the next two spaces of the elliptical 
gear are slower than the round gear. At No. 5 the cranks of the elliptical 
and round gear assume the same position, having dropped 4.50 inches, and 
having occupied the same length of time from i to 5, but the loss of lever- 
age by the elliptical gear through the third, fourth and fifth spaces makes 
an advantage in favor of the round gear of 15.16 degrees noted as follows: 
Drop of cranks x leverage x ten pounds pressure on the crank shows: 
On the round gear through five spaces 132.28 

On the elliptical gear through five spaces 115.01 




two spaces from 6 and 7 are the only two remaining spaces which are of 
value to the rider, on account of his position on the saddle. These figure 
as follows: 

Round gear 77.i8 

Elliptical gear 66.48 

giving 10.70 in favor of the round gear. This equals 16.09 
per cent. 

The three remaining divisions which carry the crank through the 
lower portion of the circle are in such relation to the ridei as to give him 
no available power. In fact, the diagram shows that passing through the 
tenth space the foot actually rises toward the body, although the crank 
drops slightly. Therefore, seven tenths of the stroke are all that can be 
estimated to be of any practical value to the rider. We herewith give the 
actual measurements through the ten divisions of the stroke as follows: 



1st space crank drop 


.44" X 


2ud 


1.00" X 


3rd " " 


1.46" X 


4th 


1.60" X 


5th 


1.80" X 


6th 


1.8.V' X 


7th 


1.75" X 


8th " " " 


1.5'i" X 


9th 


1.1U"X 


10th 


.42" X 


1st space crank drop 


.315" X 


2ud 


.90" X 


3rd 


1.47" X 


4th 


1.80" X 


5th 


2 0.." X 


6th 


2.00" X 


7th " " " 


1.80' X 


8th 


1.47" X 


!(th 


90" X 


loth 


.33"x 



EIvIvIPTICAt, GEAR. 

X leverage 300-650" x 10 lbs. crank pressure equals 

" 320-650" X " " " 

3.i0.6.'0" X " " " 

365-050" X " " " 

" 362-650" X " " " 

" :!4(;-(l.'>0" X " " " 

328-650" X " 

" 300-650" X " " " 

280-650'x " " " 

" 285-<»0" X " " " 

ROUND GEAR. 
X leverage 320-fi.')0" x 10 lbs crank pret>sure equals 

320-650' X " " " 
320-650" X " 

320-660" X " " 

:!20-650" X " " " 

320.650" X " " " 

320-650" X " " " 

320-(»0" X " " " 
320-650" X •• " 

320 650" X " " " 



9.!J3 
20.31 
27.10 
25.75 
32.32 
31.80 
34.68 
32.93 
25..53 

9.58 



6.70 
18.60 
29.80 
36.56 
40.62 
40.62 

29.86 
18.28 
6.70 



It is evident, therefore, that any claim made in favor of the elliptical 
sprocket, for hill climbing, speed, gain of power, or for any other purpose 
is a mistake, and that a claim for any such advantage can not be substanti- 
ated by figures or in practice. 

It has always been the practice of good riders to use a small gear in 
order to gain leverage for climbing hills or travelling on very rough roads. 
This practice is directly opposite to the results obtained with the elliptical 
gear. Do not lose sight of the fact that the elliptical gear and the round 
gear of the same number of teeth make the same number of revolutions at 
a given speed of the wheel, and the pedals reach the same points at the 
same time in four divisions of the revolution. A jerky motion of the pedal, 
a vibrating motion of the chain and a loss of power or foot pound efficiency 
are the results which actually figure out for the elliptical sprocket wheel. 
We therefore continue to use the round gear and challenge any one to 
show, by any method of correct figuring, the slightest gain in power or 
foot pound efficiency over a round gear, when the crank is passing through 
the space where all of the effective power is applied. If any of our 
customers desire the elliptical sprocket wheel and can show us by experi- 
ment or figures made by themselves or by any one else, that any advantage 
is gained over the round sprocket, we will gladly put them on at prices 
charged by other makers. 

Chicago, February 13. Frank Dougi,as. 



A Serviceable Bicycle Stand. 
Although the Acme Bicycle Carriage Co., Newark, N. J., have only 
been making their bicycle stands but a short time they have had phenom- 
enal success. At the Show over one hundred of them were in use. These 
stands are very serviceable and cheap. As they run on castors they are use- 
ful for moving wheels about in a salesroom and for holding machines when 
they require cleaning or repairing. Another field for this stand is for 
pneumatic tired sulkies. One carriage under each wheel prevents all dam- 
age to the tire caused by standing or rubbing on the floor, and at the same 
time allows them to be moved about easily. The A. B. C. Co. will estab- 
lish a branch office in Chicago soon. 



Declared a Big Dividend. 
The Marion Cycle Co., of Marion, Ind., doubled the capacity of their 
works last year and declared a dividend of 8 per cent on their first year's 
business. This company turn out 250 wheels per month, and write that 
they have orders on hand for 1,700 wheels. Their '93 catalogue is now 
ready. In their advertisement this week the Marion Cycle Co. show a 
picture of $22, 500 worth of wheels being hauled to the depot for shipment. 



Bidwell's Note of Warning. 
Introductory remarks referring to past patronage and hoping for a 
continuance thereof are done away with in this year's catalogue of the 
George R. Bidwell Cycle Co., New York. The manufacturer of the Tour- 
ists sounds a note of warning. He predicts that 1893 will witness an over- 
production in certain classes of bicycles which will cause prices to be cut 
by certain makers. Mr. Bidwell cautions the public to beware of so-called 
high grade bicycles that are sold at a low price or a large discount. He 
says that such wheels are poorly constructed and of poor workmanship. 
The '93 Tourist is built of finest material, including American made 
tubing, and the frame is reinforced by the insertion of a second tube 
brazed into both the upper and lower sections just back of the head, 
as well as into the saddle post tube. 



The 



Neversink. 
Reading, 



gear. 



giving 17.27 in favor of the round 



This equals 15.16 degrees better than the elliptical sprocket. The next 



The Metropolitan Cycle Co., Reading, Pa., are manufacturing the 
Neversink. The frame of this wheel is decidedly peculiar. Double tubing 
from steering head to crank axle, and a single tube running from the 
crown piece to the seat post makes on extra strong frame. President 
J. G. Xander expects to sell a large number of wheels this year. 



THE BEARINGS. 



Wb Abb Kn5w 







ARE BEST 



niiNT'ON tHE BEARINGS. 



THE BEARINGS. 




IHiLLIP It. (iuRMULLV. 



MESSRS. GORMULLY AND JEFFERY. 

An unusual man is Phillip R. Gormully, of the Gormully & Jeffery 
Mfg. Co., the famous cycle builders who started in business in Chicago 
about ten years ago, and who have been flatteringly successful despite the 
fact that their business career has been a constant fight for right and prin- 
ciple — two things which, in the opinion of a great many people, have no 
recognized position in the code of common, every-day business, where 
might is often right and finesse supplants principle. 

So completely have the identities of Messrs. Gormully and Jeffery been 

merged into that of the company they 
operate that it is not known to this day 
in what proportion the honor should be 
divided between them of having guided 
the company's affairs successfully 
through a sea of extraordinary patent 
right litigation and prejudice against 
the spring frame in cycle construction, 
into the harbor of prosperity and public 
recognition. It was once asked, " What 
is Mr. Gormully's hobby ? " The answer 
came, " His business." Business aside, 
however, it is known that Mr. Gor- 
mully's pride in his family is something 
entirely out of the ordinary. There is 
also a large spark of adventure or sport 
in him and he is very fond of a set of 
fast horses. In company with his family 
he is frequently seen riding on fine 
mornings on the North Side boulevards. 
It was once the duty of the writer to visit the G. & J. factory for the 
purpose of getting material with which to describe in detail the construc- 
tion of a bicycle. He was feelingly warned that an interview with Mr. 
Thomas B. Jeffery, the mechanical member of the company, was by no 
means an easy matter. Mr. Jeffery 
turned out to be a very much ma- 
ligned man, for during a two hours' 
ramble in the Rambler factory he 
spoke that which produced five col- 
umns of; printed matter. It must be 
admitted that Mr. Jeffery is not a 
garrulous man. He is of the quiet, 
observing kind. His office is a sort 
of museum of cycle parts and ideas, 
completed and in embryo. Here is a 
draftsman's table, there a section of a 
frame or other part of a wheel. In 
the corners, very likely, samples of 
Somebody-or-other's tires, purchased 
for the purpose of inspection and 
comparison. Upon the desk, corres- 
pondence, mechanical knick-knacks 
and cycling papers. The latter are keen- 
ly perused by the occupant of the office. 
Mr. Jeffery is one of the most 
sensible inventors who ever entered business or one of the most conser- 
vative business men who ever used his natural inventive ability. Regard 
him either way and you have it. He is a rider and may often be seen on 
pleasant Sunday mornings, in company with his young son, pedalling 
along the picturesque and more or less perfect roads which lead one away 
from the city via Evanston and through the woods on the north shore, 
overlooking Lake Michigan. 




THOMAS B. JEFFERY. 



Jordan Makes Wheels to Order. 
Louis Jordan, 71-73 Randolph street, Chicago, will build wheels to 
order this year. He has designed a wheel which he thinks has all of the 
latest improvements. The best weldless steel tubing is used, the only solid 




JORDAN SPECIAL LIGHT ROADSTER. 



part ofthe frame being the fork crown. The frame is made high to do 
away with a long seat post. The wheel is made in two weights— 32 pounds 
for the roadster and 25 pounds for the light roadster. Mr. Jordan is also 
agent for the Telegram and other wheels. 




Los Angeles Trade Good. 
Frank E. Olds, a bicycle dealer at Los Angeles, Cal., writes: "In The 
Bearings of January 27th, I notice an article entitled: ' Los Angeles 
overstocked with wheeh;.' This does our trade a great injustice, and I for 
myself can say that at the time ofthe publication of the article I had com- 
pletely sold out my stock and was patiently waiting for more, not being 
able to supply the demand, either for the Columbia or for my own wheels." 



All Activity in Springfield. 

Springfield, Mass., Feb. 11. — The coming season promises to be good 
in Springfield. The dealeis here have put in their stock of '93 wheels and 
are now ready for business. Frank M. Coe will have the same agency he 
had in 1892, the Warwick, Liberty and Majestic. Mr. Coe intends to travel 
in eastern New York for the Warwick during March, his brother David 
having charge of the store while he is away. The Union Cycle Mfg. Co. 
had their opening last Tuesday at their branch, 91 Worthington Street. 
Tht ir store is completely refitted and will be the distributing headquarters 
for the P. D. Q. for the Connecticut River valley. Harry Tyler will be 
manager but will soon go into training for the season's races. 

Haradon & Son still handle the Humber and have added the Raleigh, 
a safety new to Springfield, for this coming season. Haradon, Jr., is now 
traveling in New England in the interest of the Monarch. 

F. S. Carr & Co. will sell the McCune, Quinton Scorcher and Gales for 
1893. Their samples are now in. Loren Dunbar will handle the Colum- 
bias exclusively in his new store in Cooley House block. W. H. King & 
Sons have not fully decided on their '93 wheels, but will sell the Pyscho 
and Viking anyway. 



Mr. Kenning Desires a Correction. 

The Bearings: — In regard to an article that appeared in your paper 
a short time ago commenting on the failure of Kirkwood, Miller & Co., 
and mentioning the name of Henning & Co. and the Henning Buggy Co., 
I beg to say that I am in no way connected with either of the above named 
concerns beaiing the name of Henning. I was up to December 31, 1892, 
an employe of the the firm of Kirkwood, Miller & Co., but knew nothing 
whatever of their financial standing. I looked after their bicycle interests, 
but further than that was not acquainted with their business in any shape 
or form. By kindly placing me in the right light before the cycling public 
you will greatly oblige, yours respectfully, 

Peoria, III., Feb. 8. Frank H. Henning. 



Kansas City Trade Booming. 

Kansas City, Mo., Feb. 13. — The season of 1893 in this city promises to 
be a bright one in the local cycling trade. Nearly all of those who bought 
wheels prior to and during last season will change their mounts for lighter 
ones and there will also be a strong demand from new riders. The Mid- 
land Cycle Co. will carry the Columbia, the Fowler, the Road King and 
Road Queen, the Majestic and the Indiana Bicycle Co.'s line of medium 
grade wheels. J. F. Schmelzer & Co. have a splendid line of wheels con- 
sisting of the Rambler, Raleigh, Raglan, Phoenix and the Western Wheel 
Works goods, samples of all of which have been received. The Rambler 
will be their leader. W. D. Womack has received a full line of samples of 
the Imperial, the Telegram light roadster and front driving safety and the 
Sanger racer. 

Ralph Temple is in the city making a trade on a large scale with 
W. D. Womack for the Halladay-Temple Scorcher and the Royal Limited. 
The Ariel and Titania are represented here by Statz it Walker. They will 
also carry a line of cheap and medium grade wheels, but samples have not 
yet arrived. The Midland Cycle Co. has engaged H. R. Warren, of the 
Kansas City Cyclists. He will go on the road at once with the Columbias, 
Fowler iiud Majestic. 

An Enterprising Firm. 
A glance at our advertising columns will show our readers that the 
well known firm of Thorsen & Cassady Co., 60 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, 
who are "always ahead and never dead," when the interests of the cycle 
dealers and riders are concerned, bring out in good style a full page descrip- 
tion ofthe Remington for 1893, for which they are western agents. The 
wheel has many improvements for '93. The large trade in bicycles and 
sundries enjoyed by this firm throughout the entire West is a result of keep- 
ing only that line 01 goods acknowledged the best. On their floor, besides 
samples of the above named wheels, the well known Warwick, the 
Singer, and nineteen diflFerent wheels ofthe Western Wheel Works line are 
to be seen. A finely illustrated chart of bicycle sundries, containing all 
there is good in this line, has been issued by this firm and will be sent free 
to those who can use it. 



This Would Shock Shorland. 
A crowd of interested cyclists were gathered together round the Mc- 
intosh-Huntington Co.'s window, in Cleveland, inspecting Shorland's 
record breaking Crypto front driver, when a street arab of some twelve 
summers entered the store and earnestly inquired the price of "that second- 
hand wheel". Mr. Holmes collapsed entirely at the thought of Shor- 
land's wheel being so dishonored, but to guard against all such future 
trouble, he has put the'price at I500. 



THK BEARINGS. 



THE TIRE DICUSSION. 

Mr. Palmer Arraigns His Ideas of Utility Against Mr. Duryea's Theories 

on Resiliency. 

Editor Bearings: In your issue of January 27 latn pleased to see the 
tire problem taken up by "Practical Mechanic" and Mr. Charles E. Dur- 
yea, the two representing the only people in the trade who have, with my- 
self, had the ingenuity and courage to depart from the "good enough" 
policy and try to give the cycling world something better than existing 
types of tires, among which there is absolutely nothing to choose but the 
manner of fastening to the rim. I had hoped to hear from some of the 
latter gentry, but that hope is dying, so I must ever turn my attention to 
those in the former class. 

"Practical Mechanic" and Mr. Duryea both seem to stand on the same 
platform so far as construction goes, with the difference that while the 
"p. M." lays free threads across the tread of the tire Mr. Duryea knots them 
together "that the air tube may not blowout between them;" but both 
seem to have an eye single to what they call resiliency; that quality, or 
their understanding of it, seeming in their estimation to be the only thing 
necessary in a pneumatic tire for bicycles. They forget or ignore the fact 
that there are other qualities equally essential, that I will remind you of 
later. 

To take up the one point the "p. m." makes, no one questions the 
desirability of utilizing to the fullest extent 

The Inherent Resiliency of Air 
under compression, but I diflfer with him on the point that "the perfect 
tire should not lift the load," meaning that it should receive into 
itself fully each inequality in the road surface and eject it after passing. 
Supposing he rides onto a sharp stone, one and one half inches high. 
What happens when it is fully buried in the tire? Certainly an extremely 
ugly puncture, for as surely as he strikes such a stone while riding such a 
tire as he describes, just as surely will the tube be pinched between the 
stone and the rim and be cut. Hence a tire should be made so it will re- 
ceive into itself small objects, but when a larger one is met the deeper inden- 
tation will bring into play a longer section of the contained air that the load 
may be lifted before harm comes to the tube. This is had only when the 
threads of the fabric are diagonally laid, meeting and crossing on the 
tread but diverging widely at the rim — the only scientific adjustment of 
load-carrying strains. As a fitting wind-up to this end of his argument, 
the "p. M." earnestly urges a re-reading of this "true (?) test of a perfect 
tire." "That tire is best which receives most /w/Zy ««</ azsZ/y s^x^A ejects 
most quickly a7id forcibly." A practical mechanic should know without 
one of my limited knowledge pointing it out to him that the two qualities 
are contradictory. If it requires but a pound pressure to bury a pebble in 
a tire, perfect resiliency will only exert a return pressure of one pound even 
theoretically. Practically, the deeper you bury the pebble the less the 
ejecting power of the air, for the reason that it must act partially at an 
angle, as it does on 

A Boat Sailing Against the Wind, 
instead of squarely as in the piston of a pump, hence a tire that receives 
most fully and easily is weakest in recoil and under no amount of pressure 
will the conditions be other than as stated. He further says: "The fabric 
should be of such a nature and so disposed that forcing a pebble into the 
tire does not throw a greater strain on the threads of the fabric, for if it 
does the threads may be strained unless unduly strong ("unduly strong" is 
good) and the increased strain will prevent proper reception. 'Why, my 
dear "p. M.," I sat up nights carefully adjusting that strain so it would do 
the work I wanted it to do to just the extent needed — no more, no less. 
Let me whisper a word in your ear. Rubber, however thick, will not take 
the place of fabric, properly made and disposed, audi think riders will 
agree with me that they had rather exert that slight additional effort "to 
lift" than stop to mend a puncture, even though proper power transmission 
was had and side roll prevented by some means not stated. 

I certainly admit that a tire constructed on the plan advocated by the 
p. M. will not lift a load and will permit easy indentation, but neither will 
it carry one without excessive pressure inside; a source of much grief and 
profanity in the party who has to pump it up, and all to no purpose, as an 
equally good riding tire, one equally resilient, a better hill climber, more 
speedy, more durable, lighter and in fact better in every way may be made 
by extending the resisting surface over a sufficient length of the tire so that 
it may be ridden safely and comfortably with reasonable pressure inside. 

Touching the stand Mr. Duryea takes, it seems hardly possible that a 
man of his acknowledged ability as a mechanic does not understand the 
meaning of the word "tangent," yet I hardly like to accuse him of will- 
fully misconstruing my meaning in my former article. It is further appar- 
ent that he has not the smallest idea as to the fabric I use or the principle 
of its construction. His understanding of resiliency, also, is imperfectly 
presented. He quotes from my former article in thiswise: "Air should be 
so harnessed as to least affect its perfect resiliency" and wants to know how 
I reconcile this with "the tire will be found sufficiently soft" and "it is not 
best to go to the extreme of softness attainable." 

Resiliency is not Softness 
though a soft tire may be resilient. It is simply that property of returning 
to its original shape with the same power as was used in depressing it. It 
may take one pouud; it may take ten; it may take any quantity, but if the 
recoil is equal perfect resiliency is had. 

I believe there is but one fabric by the use of which you have absolute 
control in the matter as to the amount of pressure it will take to depress 
tread to the rim. I can make a tire as soft as either the "Practical 
Mechanic" or Mr. Duryea requires, or anywhere between that point and 
the one Mr. Duryea mistakenly describes as the construction I use. At 
either extreme or at any intermediate point my tire will be as nearly per- 
fect in resiliency as it is possible to get, as in no case will there be frictional 
contact between the threads. Hence it is "free to change its shape with 
no other resistance than that of the air." Being in possession of this ideal 
fabric I can further refine my tire by attention to such details as Mr, Dur- 



yea affects to despise, such as transmission of power, strength, durability 
and the avoidance of that side roll heretofore always present in soft tires. 
Mr. Duryea asserts that the theoretically perfect fabric has 

No Threads Running Lengthwise of the Tire. 

They must only encircle the tube on a radial line from the rim. He 
says such a fabric would hold air best in a tire. This is wrong. It cannot 
be denied that a tire is subjected to strains other than that of simply hold- 
ing compressed air. There is a torsional as well as a longitudinal strain 
incident to the application of the driving power and this must be provided 
for if you wish to get good traction, perfect transmission of power and 
avoid the unpleasant wobbly feeling one would experience should one 
attempt to force a tire constructed on the plan stated. 

Why does Mr. Duryea put tangent spokes in the wheels he builds? 
He may say, "because riders ask for them." The reason he does it, how- 
ever, is because it was demonstrated years ago that better transmission of 
power was had by the use of this form of spoke, as it was decided there 
was a small but certain loss in power incident to the springing of the direct 
style. Mr. Duryea would probably have demonstrated to his entire satis- 
faction by a mathematical calculation that the loss was not worth consider- 
ing. My answer is that 99 out of 100 manufacturers use tangent spokes 
today. If this gain was real where metal was used, how much greater is 
the gain where a thread is used, laid in such a direction as to present 
absolutely no resistance to deflection except such as is had by a thin wall 
of elastic rubber, backed by a much more elastic body of air. I do not 
assail Mr. D.'s device for carrying out his idea except insofar as I am 
obliged to do so to show the falsity of his arguments. Neither he nor the 
"Practical Mechanic " make any attempt to treat this tire question in its 
entirety, confining themselves to discussion of points that easily mark 
the limits of their researches. Let us hear how they provide for proper 
strength, durability, side roll, lightness — and a further exposition of their 
views on the transmission of power. 

The touch of nature that prompts me 10 extend my hand to Mr. D. for 
a fraternal shake is his ingenuous statement that he is " still watching the 
results of extended tests," which moves me to express the hope that this 
discussion may save for him the treading of tedious and thorny paths long 
ago traversed by J. F. Pai,mer. 

BAD YEAR IN ENGLAND. 



The Cycle Trade fournal, of England, had the following to say 
on the past year's trade: "The worst year, without exception, 
through which the C3'cle industry has had to pass is now drawing to a close. 
Trade generally throughout the country has been bad; the financial disas- 
ters caused by the floating of rotten companies, of which the cycle trade 
unfortunately has had a fair share, has caused a general tightness of the 
money market and as cycles are, after all — more especially those of the 
latest patterns — a luxury, we cannot wonder that it has suffered most 
severely. That experience teaches has been found by many to be only too 
true, and that knowledge has to be dearly paid for is one of the stern les- 
sons of life. Salutary teaching is good for us all, even for those connected 
with the cycle trade, who have learnt that prid - shall have a fall, and who 
now look with anxious countenances upon the steady decrease in their 
profits, falling prices of their sh res, unsatisfactory balance shee s, and huge 
and rapidly depreciating stocks. Fierce competition has done its work. 
Mouopolies in the manufacture of cycles are at an end. It is now a question 
of 'the best value for the smallest amount of cash,' and those firms who 
can supply a good sound article at a fair marketable price are certainly 
going to do the trade in the future. Over-production has been the stum- 
bling block, upon which many have fallen this past season, the cause being 
the fact that a number of persons with but little knowledge of its inner 
workings have joined the ranks of the trade. To a large extent we attribute 
this rush to the misleading statements contained in the columns of the 
weekly press. Issue ; fter issue has painted the prospects of trade in 
roseate colors, whereas there was not a shadow of fact upon which these 
stateme ts could be justified. On the contrary, we, since our first issue, 
twenty-three months ago, have successively pointed out that the trade was 
drifting surely to a collapse, and deprecating in the strongest manner pos- 
sible the glossing over by the cycling press of a most unfavorable condition 
of affairs. Necessity at length compelled those in fault to admit in guarded 
language that ' trade was bad,' but they lacked the courage to state the ex- 
tent of the depression. Now it is apparent to all, and they also are among 
the sufferers. Let them take the lesson to heart. 

" The most extraordinary development of the pneumatic tire has been 
the feature ot the year '92. The ray of sunshine in the darkened financial 
atmosphere, the unprecedented success of the Pneumatic Tire and Booth's 
Cycle Agency, Limited, will cause a host of oth« r tire inventors to endeav- 
or to follow in their footsteps, and it is possible that eventually the 
prices may be so reduced as to leave but small profit for either manufac- 
turers or retailer. There is, however, a redeeming feature in connection 
with the manufacture of rubber tires. It is a close trade, one that requires 
large capital and an infinite amount of experience, and a 'prentice hand is 
unable to cope successfully with it. Therefore we do not anticipate any 
material decrease in the price of rubber tires for some considerable period. 
The possibilities of the future, however, are great, and with the concen- 
trated intelligence of hundreds of inventors, no prophet can foretell what 
startling innovation may cause a revolution in tire construction. The 
prospects for 1893 are encouraging; we prophesy a good season, but let us 
earnestly advise all agents and manufacturers to be extremely cautious in 
all matters, and by no means to allow a sudden flood of good trade to turn 
their heads." 

Large Number of Fowlers Sold. 
Manager Fowler says that E. C. Bode, traveling representative of the 
Hill Cycle Mfg. Co., Chicago, who has been in the west for a week, has 
sold 330 Fowlers. The Lee, Clark, Ressner Hardware Co., Omaha, ordered 
100 wheels, the Midland Cycle Co., Kansas City, 100, and the Sperry Cycle 
Co., Denver, 130. About thirty of these machines have been shipped. 

H. O. Duncan, for the past five years manager of the French business 
of Humber &. Co., at Paris, has resigned his post to accept an appointment 
with the Rudge Cycle Co., to take charge of the French and Spanish trade. 



THE BEARINGS. 



OUR ADVERTISING. 



Twenty-six changes and eight new advertisements appear 
week's issue of The Bearings. The list reads as follows: 



in this 



GorniuIIy & Jeffery Mfg. Co 1 page. 

Indiana Bicycle Co 1--^ " 

B.F.Goodrich Co 1 " 

Mason & Mason 1-8 ■' 

Pope Mfg. Co 1 •' 

Hibbard, Spencer, Bartlett & Co. .. 1-2 " 

Royal Cycle Works 1-2 " 

Ames & Frost Co 1-3 " 

Raleigh Cycle Co 1-2 •' 

Schoverling, Daly & Gales 1-4 " 

Buffalo Tricycle Co 1-4 " 

Warwick Cycle Mfg. Co 1-4" 

S. F. Heath Cycle Co 1-8 '• 

Eureka Lubricant Co 1-8 " 

Metropolitan Cycle Co 1-2 " 

Hill Cycle Mfg. Co 1 " 

H. A. Lozier & Co 1 " 



Dean, Rogers & Co 1-4 page, 

Shaw Cycle Co 1-4 

A. Featherstrine & Co 1-2 

Overman Wheel Co 1 

Marion Cycle Co 1-2 

Wilson, Myers & Co 1-2 

American Dunlop Tire Co 1-2 

Morgan & Wright 1 

Rouse, Hazard & Co 1-4 

Detroit Cycle Co 1-4 

Kenwood Mfg. Co 1-2 

Union C,vcle IVKg. Co 1 

G. R. Bid well Cycle Co 1-2 

L. Jordan 3 inches 

A. B. White 1 inch 

J. H. Wright 1-2 " 

Traveler 1 " 



"Dead Ads." 

Those who follow the custom of slashing in any line of business are 
losers in the long run. This fact will probably come home some day to a 
certain cycling journal which, if it should drop the "dead ads" it carries, 
would be considerably thinner than itisnow. 



Do a Large Jobbing Business. 
A. M. Scheffey & Co., 92 Reade street, New York, did a large whole- 
sale business last year in bicycles, tricycles, velocipedes and sundries. This 
year they expect to do a still larger one and have made extra preparations 
for the increased demand for wheels. Their '93 catalogue shows the good 
points of the Queen City, Wynnewood, Crawford and the Spurt, handled 
by this firm. Mr. Scheffey says: " We are on top and the birds are com- 
ing our way." 

In the Front Row. 
"This, the beginning of the third season of our existence in the cycle 
trade, finds us where we set out to get and where we propose to stay — in 
the 'front row' of cycle industry. Our facilities for the production of 
strictly high grade cycles are unsurpassed and it is our desire and determi- 
nation to build the best line of wheels that money can produce," are intro- 
ductory remarks of the Monarch Cycle Co., Chicago, in their '93 catalogue. 
They will make four patterns, including a 35 pound ladies' wheel. Their 
line of cycle sundries is complete in every detail. 



E. H. Wilcox, of the Stover Company,is home after a long eastern trip 
and will remain in the vicinity of Chicago until he takes charge of the new 
branch on the Row. 



The 'Andrae.' 
The '93 Andrae, built by the familiarly known Julius Andrae Cycle 
Works, of Milwaukee, is a worthy successor to the '92 machine. All its 




parts are made of the finest material. Its Credenda tubing frame is 
pleasingly outlined and its reputation for strength and reliability is 

assured. 

Concerning the Pope Company's Desk Calendars. 
Mr. Elliott, manager of the Pope Company's New York branch, 
recently told a Be.\rings man that his company issued about 60,000 desk 
pad calendars this year. When it is considered that stationers retail such 
pads at 50 cents each, the expense of this kind of advertising can be 
appreciated. While by far the largest proportion of them is sent out from 
Boston, they are always in great demand in New York. "I do not mind tell- 
ing you," said Mr. Elliott, "how I distribute them. The name and address 
of every customer of my establishment is correctly kept. When I receive 
my quota of the pads, I have postal cards sent to all of these customers, 
wishing them the compliments of the season and requesting the pleasure 
of a call in case they would like to receive one of the calendars. I also 
send postals to the newspaper men, and so regulate the invitations that 
the scribes are served first, the other postals being mailed so that while 
there is never an uncomfortable jam, my office has a lively and continuous 
attendance during the whole of that period following the holidays when 
business is universally dull. I make a sort of social affair out of it. It 
gives me opportunities to meet many of my old customers as well as the 
newer ones and incidentally results in considerable business." 




WHEELS 



Have captured more first prices than any other Bicycle that has been on the 
market twice as long. 



THE REASON 



Is plain to us, as being due to 




Tool Steel Dust-Proof Bearings, 



Pi&rtllWOl ■\RTOL WPvR^ 



AO&;i Lines, and '^YXtoJ^ Tires 



retftiiwal iwwt »K^*v 



OUR CATALOGUE 



For 1893 gives detailed information. YOU should send for it and convince 
yourself FOR YOURSELF. 



AMES 5L FROST COMPANY 

302-4 WflMSn AIYENUE, QHKAQO. 
RETAIL IN CHICAGO BY CHAS. H. SIEG MFG. CO.. 275 WABASH AVE. 



soNiuvaa bhj. noixnsm 



THE BEARINOS. 



THE KENWOOD TIRE AND VALVE. 



TnK Bearings has been favored with advance matter and cuts in- 
tended for the '93 catalogue of the Kenwood Mfg. Co. Concerning their 
new tire they say: " There is nothing 
we refer to with greater pride than the 
past record of our patent pneumatic 
tire. Notwithstanding its great suc- 
cess, we have still improved its strength 
and wearing qualities by the improve- 
ments made for 1893. Our new racing 
tire is provided with an extra center 
lock for the outer casing, serving not 
only to hold the tire more firmly, but 
also as a rim, which is very stiff and 
strong for its weight. We consequently 
assert that there is no tire in use that 
can be so conveniently and quickly re- 
paired in case of puncture as the Ken- 
wood patent pneumatic tire. No strings, 
wires, glue or cement required. It is 
held in its rim by its own inflation. 

" Our new patent valve has double 
safety seats, and the inner thimble ot 
the valve is provided with a bell-shaped 
end, which fits nicely into the rubber 
valve casing tube to which it is tied. 
The valve and its casing is inserted in a thimble of the rim and screwed 

tightly up to the flange of the valve thimble 
by nut (E). The bell-shaped end of the valve 
thimble pitches the valve casing between it 
and the valve thimble of the rim tightlj' to 
prevent the escape of air around the thimble. 
The pump is applied at the threaded end of 
the valve thimble, and when inflated sufiBci- 
ently a cap (A), provided with the packing 
ring, is screwed onto the valve stem (B), 
which forcibly presses the valve to its seats 
and also packs upon the outer end of the 
valve tightly, thereby preventing the 
escape of air by three separate effective 
valves. To deflate the tire, unscrew or 
loosen and press on cap (A) or the 
end of the stem of the valve, forcing 
the valve from its seats, 
allows the air to escape freely 
the stem of the valve." 





which 
around 



Coventry Cross Cycles. 
Warman & Hazlewood, Ltd., 191 Lake street, Chicago, modestly 
announce in their '93 catalogue that their machines had received the 
highest prize medal at the London inventions exhibition. The latest 
additions to the Coventry Cross family are the geared ordinary and the 
ladies' wheel. The latter, which has been christened the Ladybird, is 
very light, but the carefulness of construction makes it quite rigid. The 
G. O. weighs but 37 pounds and sells for $160, fitted with Morgan & Wright 
pneumatic tires. It has a 34 inch front wheel and a 24 inch rear wheel 
and is geared to 60 inches. The 26 pound racer is neat in appearance, and 
is bound to be a success. Besides three other wheels Warman & Hazle- 
wood are selling a 32 pound road racer. In their catalogue all of the differ- 
ent portions of a bicycle factory are shown in well-made half tones. The 
large line of sundries handled by this firm is complete in every detail. 




!>. M. WAINWRIQHT. 



The Author of Ben-Hur. 
L. M. Wainwright, once chief 
consul of the Indiana division, later 
a resident of St. Louis, now of Indian- 
apolis, is one of the landmarks of 
early L. A. W. history. He is one of 
the men who blazed the way. 
Sanguine, cheerful and energetic, it 
is a privilege to be his friend. He is 
at present associated with Mr. Snitjer, 
of St. Louis, and others, in the 
Central Cycle Mfg. Co., of Indian- 
apolis, who make the Central, a $125 
scorcher, and the Ben-Hur, a boy's 
wheel which has long been known 
as a great seller. 



"Pop" Worden's Wheel. 
The '93 Remington, according to the catalogue of the Remington Arms 
Co., New York, combines many points of excellence. It has a long wheel 
base, long head and the crank hanger thrown well forward and raised extra 
high from the ground, thus preventing any danger of the pedals striking 
obstructions on a rough road. 



AS YOU LIKE IT. 



Chester Clemens will travel in the East for the Ariel Cycle Mfg. Co. 

A machine has been made by the Diamond Machine Co., Providence, 
R. I., to grind out the curved bearings or seats for ground balls. 

George K. Barrett writes that he sold one hundred Smalleys to the 
Peabody-Whitney Co., Boston., and fifty to E. J. Combs, Pittsfield, Mass. 



The Royal Cycle Works are working fourteen hours daily to keep up 
with orders. They have sent one of their special built racers to Australia. 

The Ariel Cycle Mfg. Co. are increasing their already extensive plant 
and will make bicycle sulkies. They are now unable to fill their orders for 
these vehicles. 

Fifty wheels were shipped to the city of Mexico by the Central Cycle 
Mfg. Co., of Indianapolis. This firm is also having quite an export trade 
in South America. 

The Nebraska Cycle Co., Lincoln, Neb., have secured the state agency 
for the Raleigh. They also handle the King of Scorchers and the Feath- 
erstone cheap line. 

W. A. Neff, of the Paerless Mfg. Co., is just recovering from the effects 
of a severe cold, contracted at the Philadelphia Show. The Triangle is 
meeting with great success. 

Harry Parks, the trick rider who rode down Pike's Peak on a unicycle, 
has been managing the bicycle department of the Henry Sears Co., Chi- 
cago, for some time and has made many friends. 

Humber & Co. exhibited a featherweight safety at the National Show. 
It was complete in every part. Even the saddle had a patent tension ad- 
justment and the weight, all on, was six ounces. 

Verily, there is no end to the notions that arise in the brains of invent- 
ors. One St. Louis man has brought out a pneumatic shoe tongue and 
another is working on a pneumatic sprocket wheel. 

H. A. Lozier and wife are making an extensive western trip, first 
stopping at Hot Springs; from there they go to Los Angeles and San 
Francisco. Their object is pleasure and recreation. 

J. T. Skerrett is a new salesman now on the road for the Bretz & Curtis 
Mfg. Co., and will look after the interest of the Quinton Scorchers and 
Warwicks in Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware. 

Proctor E. Seas, of the Bingham Co., is in Cleveland this week, riding 
the goat and taking his thirty-third degree in Masonry. He expects, how- 
ever, in the next few days to go East to sell Falcons. 

O. H. Van Renssellaer and W. B. Tackabery have opened the Fort 
Worth Bicycle Agency, at Fort Worth, Tex. They will handle Imperials 
and Raleighs, besides carrying a line of cheap wheels. 

The American Seddon Tire Co. offer $25 for the best design for the 
jeweled gold medal, offered by this company for a prize in the internation- 
al races. The competition closes May i. Full particulars may be obtained 
by addressing William Bowden, 65 Reade street, New York. 

The Union Cycle Mfg. Co. have reappointed Thomson & Howe, of 
Waltham, Mass., to handle the Union P. I). Q. in Waltham and vicinity. 
This enterprising firm disposed of about eighty bicycles for the Union 
people in '92 and Mr. Howe is positive of reaching the century mark in 
'93- 

The Columbus Sundry Co., 163 west 124th street, New York, will make 
a specialty of lubricants, locks, lamps, bells, cork handles and wrenches. 
This is their first year in the business. Their leading novelty will be the 
Little Pet, a twelve ounce lantern, with double convex lens and a conical 
reflector. 

The Detroit White Lead Works are extensive manufacturers of baking 
and air drying enamels in colors, and furnish these goods in bulk to many 
of the largest manufacturers of this country. They have given this branch 
of their business special attention and can, no doubt, be of great service to 
those who have had trouble in their finishing. 

During the first eleven months of last year 656 metrical tons of cycles 
and cycle parts were imported into France. The value of these imports 
was $1,396,000, as compared with $1,053,380 in the corresponding period of 
1891, and $808,640 in 1890. The exports during the same period amount 
to 208 metrical tons valued at $79,380. 

W. F. Murphy, who will handle the Fowler in New York, has written 
to Manager Frank T. Fowler, complimenting him upon the wheel. He 
says that the Kings County Wheelmen have a reputation for knowing a 
good wheel when they see one and that they were all favorably impressed 
with the fine workmanship and strength of the Fowler. 

The Bretz & Curtis Mfg. Co., of Philadelphia, have lately added 
increased facilities to their already spacious saddle plant. The large sales 
of the 1893 Solid Comfort saddles made it necessary to put in more 
machinery and men. They are now turning out 1000 saddles every six 
days and thus far all orders have been filled promptly. They are now pre- 
paring plans for 1894. 

CHEAP RATES TO THE INAUGURATION. 

For the inauguration of Cleveland and Stevenson at Washington on 
March 4th, excursion tickets, reading via Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, 
"The Picturesque Route," will be placed on sale at the ticket offices of 
principal railroads of the West, as well as at the ticket offices of the Balti- 
more and Ohio Company. The fare from Chicago will be $17.50 for the 
round trip. These tickets will be sold from February 28th to March 3rd 
inclusive, and will be valid for return journey until March 8th inclusive. 

The Baltimore and Ohio is the shortest route to Washington from 
nearly all points West. Its trains are vestibuled from end to end, and carry 
Pullman sleeping cars. 

No railroad in America is better equipped than the B. & O. to trans- 
port with dispatch, safety, and comfort the large crowd which will visit 
Washington to w itness the inauguration ceremonies. Its long experience 
in transporting crowds to former inaugurations, G. A. R. encampments. 
Knights Templar conclaves, and similar gatherings, on an extensive scale, 
will prove most valuable in arranging for the coming inauguration. 

For more detailed information as to rates, time of trains, etc., apply to 
L. S. Allen, Asst. Gen'l Passenger Agent, The Rookery, Chicago, or O. P. 
McCarty, Asst. Gen'l Passenger Agent, Cincinnati, O. 




A\cpiCA 



PHIL ADEL PHIA. 

NO MORE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTIONS. 

An Unprecedented Quantity of Business Transacted by the National 

Assembly — Some Radical Legislation — Class B Not Adopted — A 

Full Analytical Report of the Proceedings. 



Phi'ade'phia, February 22. — Another and the most important of all 
L. A. W. gatherings has been labeled by Father Time and filed away in the 
archives of things that were. A peculiarly punctual and hard beaded old 
chap is this same Daddy Time. He knows no sentiments. If perchance 
any one of the delegat s to the late Assembly looked into the Annex Hall 
of the Union League Club today and was saddened at its emptiness it 
was nothing to the white whiskered scythe bearer. 

About fifty reports and measures were legislated upon in about twelve 

hours of actual hard work by the 
convention and Assembly and some 
of the measures will bring about 
radical changes in the progress of 
cycling. As nearly as can be judged 
at this early period none of the 
measures can be regarded as hazard- 
ous experiments. Nothing was done 
upon impulse, possibly excepting the 
indulgence shown the publishers of 
the official organ and that looked 
very like prearranged impulse which 
would never have been supported 
had it been placed upon the dissect- 
ing table of the general membership 
of the League who have for the past 
year been manifesting in the .strongest 
possible manner certain demands 
from the granting of which they have 
been deprived of by the Assembly. 
The most important measure — 
the one offered by Chairman Ray- 
mond as a substitute for the pro- 
posed division of racing classes — was passed in five minutes' time while 
the anti negro movement, which has been declared unfortunate and useless 
by those who do not understand the impulses of the South, filled up 
two long hours with oratorical and parliamentary strife. 

There was the faintest semblance of a death rattle produced by those 
who were unwilling to see the general membership follow the example of 
the nation and leave legislation to their senate, but the end came in com- 
parative peace. There are some who believe the corpse will turn in its 
grave when its soul realizes how its will, concerning L. A. W. addresses, 
was broken by the new made legatee— the Assembly. 

The basis of national and division representation was materially and no 
doubt necessarily altered. Several important steps were taken toward in- 
creasing the publicity of the road movement. The Executive Committee 
made an exhaustive report for the first time and it will be published. An 
unsuccessful attempt was made to establish a national auditing committee 
other than the executive committee. The organization of the Southern 
California division was made possible. Carte blanche was practically 
given concerning the Chicago meet and international races, and other 
matters are fully reported below: 

LEADING MEASURES. 




E. RAVM<1Nr). 



Good-bye, Constitutional Convention. 

On a proxy vote of 7,045 against 2, 128, in the constitutional conven- 
tion, all vital matters were referred to the National Assembly and upon 
motion of Mr. Sheridan section i of article X was so changed that all legis- 
lative power, by personal, proxy or mail vote, was taken from the general 
membership and vested in the Assembly. As amended, the section reads: 

Section 1. This constitution may be altered or amended by a two-tliirds vote of tlie 
delegates of the National Assembly voting in person or by proxy at any regular meeting 
of the Assembly, or at any meeting called for that purpose, of which sixty days' notice 
shall have been given; but no amendment shall be made or considered unless thirty 
days' notice thereof shall have been given through the columns of the official organ. 

The measure went through with surprising ease. The argument that 
the membership should not be deprived of its rights, which has been so 
often advanced, was advanced again, but the matter had been thoroughly 
discussed in the chief consuls' caucus on Sunday and the result was inevit- 
able. Mr. Sheridan called attention to the total vote — 8,622, representing 
only one fourth of the League membership — as the best reason for a change; 
and Sterling Elliott cited Congress as'an example to be emulated. There 



CHICAGO, FEBRUAKY 24, 1893 



was a sort of subdued demonstration when the result was announced. 
Above the half hum, half shout, arose something very like a muffled 
Indian whoop. 'Twas the voice of Perrigo, the tall Nebraskan, sounding 
the death knell of the L. A. W. constitutional convention. 
The New Amateur Rule. 

Only one man answered no when a vote was taken on the following 
measures offered by Chairman Raymond instead of those providing for 
classes A and B published in the organ. 

An amateur is one who has not engaged in, nor assisted in, nor taught cycling or 
any other recognized athletic exercise for money or otlier remuneration, nor knowingly 
competed with or against a professional for a prize of any description; or one who, after 
having forfeited tlie amateur status, has the same restored by a competent authority 
liaving juri-diction over the sport. 

A cyclist ceases to be an amateur Ijy engaging in cycling or other recognized ath- 
letic exercises, or personally teaching, training or coaching any person therein either 
as a means of obtaining a livelihood or for a wager, money prize or gate money; com- 
peting with a professional, or making pace for, or having the pace made by such In 
public or lor a prize; selling, pawning, turning into cas-h or realizing upon prize won by 
tiim. accepting, directly or indirectly, for cycling, any remuneration, compensation or ex- 
pense whatever from a cycle manufacturer, agent or other person interested in the trade, 
or from any otlier person having a pecuniary interest in the sport, except that a cyclist 
mav accept from the cycle or athletic club which he represents his necessary expenses 
in training and attending race meetings. 

No prize valued at more than $150 shall be olFered or awarded, except in interna- 
tional cases. 

A cyclist does not forfeit his amateur status by teaciiing the elements of cycling 
so'ely for the purpose of effecting the sale of a cycle. The League recotjnizes as athletic 
exe'cises in addition to cycling all sports over wh'ch tne Amateur Athletic Union, the 
National Association of Amateur Oarsmen and other amateur athletic organizations have 
jurisdiciion. 

The by-laws were amended as follows: The racing board shall have the right in 
considering and determining questions that affect the amateur status of any cyclist, to act 
upon any kind of testimony, circumstantial or direct, and by unanimous vote expel each 
accused or suspected member, or by act of its chairman suspend any cyclist pending 
investigation. Any cyclist who has been expelled sliall have the right "of appeal to the 
National A'S='mbly ud shall be reinstated only by a vole of such assembly upon a com- 
petent showing of error on the part of the governing board. 

The Racing Board, through its chairman, shall have the right of censorsliip over the 
cliaracter of I rizes offered, sanction to race promoters, provided its decision < xcluding 
any prize or prizes is not complied with. 

Negroes Not Excluded. 

Two hours of red hot and at times almost rancorous debate were heaped 
upon the woolly head of the colored men. The entire South, Missouri and a. 
number of northern votes were cast in favor of utter exclusion, compromise 
measures being flatly refused by the South. The Kentuckians had most 
actively boomed the anti-negro movement and had widely circulated a 
reprinted page of a plagiarizing southern journal, having an across the 
page heading, "Shall we take 'em in ? " and containing pictorial and 
other arguments favoring exclusion. Mr. Watts' amendment to insert the 
word " white " in the constitution was called up at half past eleven and 
the debate lasted until adjournment for luncheon at half past one. The 
debate is detailed as follows : 

Mr. Watts moved to insert the word "white". Sheridan opposed and 
warned the assembly against endangering the League politically. Lus- 
comb was cheered when he said: "We only want those in the League 
whom we are willing to associate with. If we don't want the negro we 
should have manhood enough to stand up and say so." 

Mr. Cossum, of Poughkeepsie, a lav\yer who is said to resemble Sena- 
tor Hill, moved to strike out from the by-laws covering the endorsing of 
applications the words "three reputable citizens". Mr. Atwater, of Wash- 
ington, told how a negro member in the district division was induced to 
resign, thereby saving the division a loss of many members. Mr. Perkins, 
of Massachusetts, moved to restrict the right to endorse applications to 
members of the applicant's own state. The vote resulted 76 for and 50 
against, 84 votes necessary to carry. 

Dr. Gray, of New Jersey, deplored beating about the bush and said the 
road movement could not be injured by legislating against the negro. Dr. 
Holmes, of New Jersey, asked if the negro members of the club would be 
socially recognized by other clubs. There were cries of "Yes" "No". 
Davis, of St. Louis, said the League could safely follow Congress which 
had established negro exclusion in schools. Isaac B. Potter asked how 
many negroes were in the League. Secretary Bassett answered that he 
thought five or six. New York having one, Massachusetts two or three. New 
Jersey one. New Hampshire one, etc. 

Mr. Willison, Maryland's young orator, arose and held the assembly 
attentive as he did at all times. He spoke for the South in saying it 
wanted no compromise. It wanted the insertion of the word "white" or 
nothing. 

Mr. Poulious, of Indiana, said the importance of the negro question was 
over-estimated but exclusion would be a step backward for this country. 

Kirk Brown also opposed that insertion. McBride, New Jersey, said 
that he never saw coalition of the races without deterioration; that negroes 
had cost the country thousands of lives and were a thorn in its side. Mr. 
Latham, of Connecticut, spoke for division option. 

Sterling Elliott in a humorous talk said: "It is easier to manage 



THE BEARINGS. 



negroes bv enlightenment than exclusion." Mr. Potter said: "There is no 
necessity for color discrimination." 

And then arose ex-President Ktrkpatrick, of Ohio, whose word paint- 
ing of the beauties of true citizenship and singleness of principle will never 
allow this Assembly, the negro exclusion measure or Thomas J. Kirkpatrick 
to pass out of mind until those of this day and generation who listened, 
have passed out also. Starting easily, he gradually soared into the upper 
currents of oratory, there poised and sailed, spiraled, gyrated and finally 
swooped down to earth again or rather into the sea in a thrilling perora- 
tion. He used as a symbol of true citizenship the well known story of that 
American man of war and its crew which narrowly escaped the fate of 
other vessels in the great Samoa storm. He placed before the Assembly 
a vision of the roaring ocean, the struggling ship and the American flag at 
its masthead and in the ear of imagination he placed the sound of sailors 
voices and the Marine Band as they united in sending out over the wildly 
lashing waves, the faint but stirring melody of "Haii Columbia". It has 
been said that Mr. Kirkpatrick was unfair, that in touching patriotic senti- 
ment he distracted reason and won votes away from a very unsentimental 
necessity, but his speech will go down into cycling annals as the most 
eloquent one ever delivered in the history of the L. A. W. He was carried 
away in a storm of words and his listeners trembled indiscriminately after 
him. He settled the question; thouvjh the Assembly tried to pull its 
scattered wits out of the troubled Samoan Sea and get down to practical 
business again. 

Mr. Yopp, of North Carolina, opposed the negro and G. Carleton 
Brown pleaded that patriotism was foreign to the issue. If the negroes 
want an organization, he said, let them form one. Harris, of Alabama, 
took a hack at the poor son of Ham. Sewell, of Boston, believed in ad- 
mission of any man, regardless of color, having the spirit of the true 
wheelman. Watts closed the debate. He started in and talked for half 
an hour. " I demand in the name of the South," he cried, " ttiat the 
word 'white' be inserted. Wipe out the nigger and we will give you many 
white members in his place." Mr. Witts afterward grew appealing and 
sympathetic. Spreading wide his arms he cried: "Relieve us in the 
S'^iith from this embarrassment; don't force us to associate with the 
negro". 

Mr. Elliott asked Mr. Watts if his amendment was intended to exclude 
all men having a trace of negro blood in their veins. Watts answered 
yes. "Does Mr. Watts know," asked Mr. Elliott, "that two of the high- 
est officers in the League have traces of negro blood in them?" There 
was a subdued sensation and later in the day Mr. Elliott was allowed to 
explain that he intended no aspersion but simply wanted to illustrate the 
unpracticability of Watts' position. Sheridan objected to Watts using the 
word "nigger." 

A proxy vote resulted io8 for insertion, loi against; 138 necessary to 
carry. Two delegates, holding proxies of opposite instruction, voted both 
ways. Chief Consul Mergenthaler cast 16 Ohio votes for insertion. Presi- 
dent B'lrdett voted no; Brewster, yes; Potter, no; Dean, no; ex- President 
Dunn, yes. Mr. Watts mounted the platform and said: "To those who 
voted with us we extend our thanks and to those who voted against us we 
extend the right hand of good fellowship." 

Division Option. 

The amendment offered by Hay, of Indiana, providing that all appli- 
cations should be endorsed by local and chief consuls was vigorously opposed 
by Willison, of Maryland, and lost on a vote of 95 to 82, but a measure was 
passed providing that all .^.pplications be endorsed by two League mem- 
bers and subject to any conditions the divisions may provide in their by- 
la ,ys. 

The Racing Board's Work. 

Chairman Raymond possesses electric activity and personal magnet- 
ism. He was applauded when he arose and when he sat down, the hand- 
clapping continuing until he again arose and bowed his acknowledgments. 
His ty^e-written report was exceedingly entertaining. He stated that he 
had found Racing Board records for the previous thirteen years in very 
chaotic state, but that these and the records of his Board would now be 
found as complete as possible. Over 200 cases were considered during the 
year and in 139 punishment was inflicted. There were thirty-one states 
represented on the sanction books as holding meets. The necessity for 
strict instructions to the Board concerning interference with road racing, 
and the desirability of discouraging loose methods in record breaking, was 
emphatically exposed. 

Mr. Raymond will be paid $1,500 a year for the expenses of his Board. 

Col. Burdett moved that the rules of the League be construed to cover 
only track racing and not road racing, except in case of an infraction of the 
rules. The application for reinstatement of W. H. Senter, Brocton, Mass., 
was granted, but the Assembly refused to reinstate Harry Fetter, Cary, 
Ohio; Merton Carpenter, Sterling, Ills.; F. C. Graves. Springfield, Mass.; 
David Newland, and William Denison, Stillwater, N. Y., and Leonard 
Baker, Mechanicsville. N. Y. 

One of President Burdett's first acts was the reappointment of H. E" 
Raymond as chairman of the Racing Board. No other appointments has 
yet been announced. 

The Chicago Meet and International Races. 

Upon Luscomb's motion it was decided to empower the present com- 
ujittee— Burdett, Gerould and Raymond — to arrange the details of the 
Chicago meet and make any expenditures for a track, etc., which the 
Executive Committee may authorize. The date of the meet will be jointly 
dei-ided by the Executive Committee and Racing Board. August 5 to 12 
will probably be chosen. Chief Consul Hackney, of Colorado, addressed 
the Assembly on behalf of Denver for the '94 meet. Mr. Pennell spoke 
for Asbury Park, on the seashore, and Indianapolis wants the Assembly 
in February, '94. 

Inst-uctions were given bv the Assembly providing that the League 
assume control and responsibility in the prompt providing of a track at 
Chicago for the international races to be held in August. President Bur- 
dett, cluirman of the special committee, told how he opened negotiations 
with the N. C U. and found that Mr. Sturmey was then at work upon a 
scheme for an international association. He recited the details of dele- 



gate Raymond's trip across the sea. He estimated the 
receipts of the Chicago races at $30,000, one-third to go to the Chicago 
Base-Ball Club, owner of the ground, and two-thirds to the League; ex- 
pense of track, advertising, etc., $15,000; profit to the League, $5,000. He 
s iggested the soliciting of subscriptions from the trade, etc. No answer 
has yet been received from the World's Fair officials concerning permis- 
sion to use the Columbian impress upon medals. Mr. Saltonstall, of 
Elizabeth, N.J., has donated a $r, 000 cup, to go to the country making 
the highest number of points in the international races, that country to 
hold the trophy pending the result of further contests. 

Mr. Raymond here stated a fact never before made public. Negotia- 
tions are being made providing that the racing men of countries in the 
International Association shall not be recognized by other countries 
unless they bear the credentials of their own countries. 
"Bicycling World." 

Pennsylvania declared war against the official organ early on Monday 
afternoon. Secretary-treasurer Van Nort showed that the Boston paper had 
solicited proxies in its own behalf in violation of the spirit of the proxy 
system when regarded in its broadest sense; but there was no literal viola- 
tion and, though Pennsylvania staunchly opposed the use of the so-called 
Bi. World proxies upon any question not pertaining to the organ, the con- 
vention could not uphold Pennsy. The vote was 151 against 68. Mr. 
Van Nort's effort to protest the proxies on account of the wording thereon, 
authorizing alternates to vote, also failed, as did his endeavor to learn how 
those proxies were apportioned, geographically. 

Chief Consul Luscomb, of New York, in conversation with the writer 
expressed satisfaction at the rebuke administered to Bicycling World by 
the Executive Committee on account of its alleged attack upon New York 
division officials. The committee heard testimony in the case nearly all 
Sunday afternoon and incorporated in its annual report a statement that 
the Boston paper had been ordered to make a full retraction. 

Mr. Miles' measure, calling for full postal addresses in the Bulletin, 
was brought before the Assembly by Mr. Luscomb. Miles was not a 
member of the Assembly, but being allowed to speak, said that out of 
1.300 replies received in the Referee's canvass about 1,000 League members 
demanded the full addres.=es. A warm discussion followed, the net result 
being the conclusion that even if the measure passed the Wheelman Com- 
pany's contract would prevent its operation. The Assembly presented a 
strange contrast to the views of League at large so generally expressed for 
the year past and also in The Pearings and other papers. The Execu- 
tive Committee sided with the World people. Mr. Dean, of the World staff, 
tried to impugn the motives of the supporters of the measure and in sev- 
eral quarters sympathy was cooked up for the World side and the right of 
the League members to see their own applicants' list was ignored. The 
measure failed to pass. It now remains for Bi. World to further nauseate 
the League members by its loud crowing. 

Pennsylvania's grievances against the World were given utterance by 
Secretary-treasurer Van Nort, who said the division annual report sent to 
the World was published in an altered condition and not corrected upon 
request, that the actions of the Pennsylvania division had been belittled 
editorially by the World, that while Associate E-litor Crowther was a mem- 
ber of the Pennsylvania division he was instrumental in passing resolution 
demanding full addresses in the Bulletin, and that Pennsylvania members 
did not receive the Bulletin promptly. Mr. Fourdrinier explained the 
latter difficulty by saying that the Boston postoffice was to blame, where- 
upon Van Nort read a portion of a letter from the postoffice claiming that 
papers had to be returned to the World often on account of careless mark- 
ing. The whole matter was referred to the Executive Committee. 

The Wheelman Company's contract was read by several League mem- 
bers, though not publicly read in the Assembly. As some construe it the 
League has no recourse in the way of repudiating the contract or imposing 
a penalty on the Wheelman Company if the latter fails to fill the contract 
satisfactorily. A Bearings man, despite his right as a member, was re- 
fused permission by President Burdett to see the contract but upon insist- 
ing was told that he could do so at Hartford next week. It is said that if 
for any reason Bi. World is refused by the postoffice as second class 
matter the League must pay for it at the rate of twenty-five cents per mem- 
ber. This rate would aggregate about $8,500 a year if it were now in effect 
as upon a motion Joseph S. Dean, of the Bi. World, the Assembly struck 
out the words "without charge". It also refused to consider the measure 
to enable divisions to deduct twenty-five cents from the dues of members 
not desiring to receive the official organ. 

The by-laws now specify that Bassett only shall edit the official depart- 
ment. 

The Elections. 

Chief Consul Mergenthaler took the chair. Chief Consul Perkins nom- 
inated Colonel Burdett for re-election as president. Before he could be 
seconded orator Luscomb's deep voice rolled out, "M-i-s-t-e-r-r C-h-a-i-r- 
m-a-n!" and in a moment he had walked up to the platform and Colonel 
Burdett was again being nominated. Mr. Luscomb's nomination was 
seconded by Mr. High, of Cincinnati, for "the far West". The secretary 
cast the re-electing ballot foi President Burdett and Vice Presidents Sheri- 
dan and Brown, all making graceful acknowledgement. Mr. Brewster's 
nomination and the extraordinary number of seconds was the joke of the 
evening, the popular treasurer being forced to elect himself by casting his 
own ballot. 



OTHER MEASURES ANALYZED. 
Barrett and Munger in Very Hot Water. 
If George K. Barrett and i,. D. Munger are not expelled for having 
signed the application of Harry Leeming, the professional, for League 
membership, they may safely conclude that the milk of human kindness 
is still an obtainable commodity. The report of the membership com- 
mittee was brief, but Chairman Pennell created a sensation when, in clos- 
ing, he recommended the suspension of the by-laws for the purpose of 
making examples of Barrett and Munger by expul.=ion. The by-laws were 
immediately suspended and President Burdett was on the verge of putting 
the question of expulsion when Mr. Sheridan reminded him of a telegram 



THE BEARINGS. 



from Munger to Chairman Raymond, which had been placed before him. 
The telegram read: "Kindly extend an apology to the Executive Board for 
me for my error of signing application which was used by lyeeming. I beg 
forgiveness for the offence, sincerely." 

Though the membership committee had- not had sufiBcient time to 
investigate the case, the unfortunate jokers narrowly escaped expulsion. 
After much discussion there it was moved to expel Barrett and suspend 
MuDgar from membership for six months, but as the result of statements 
by Messrs. Sheridan, Pontious, Van Sicklen, Randall and others, the case 
was referred back to the committee for investigation and action. 
National Highway Commission Bill. 

Disguised under a new name, the national highway commission bill 
may be pushed through the Senate within a few days. In one way or an- 
other the measure has been delayed, but it has now a strong recommenda- 
tion in the fact that applications for partisan positions on the proposed 
commission have been pouring in upon President Harrison and Secretary 
of the Treasury Foster. The bill had to be emasculated considerably. 
The word "national," which seemed to oppose the good old states' right 
doctrine, is now missing from the title, and the bill simply provides for a 
commission of inquiry into European road methods, the result to be pub- 
lished and placed bef^^re this country in an educational light. Ex-President 
Dunn, chairman of the legislative committee, reported the history and 
status of the bill very entertainingly. His story of how congressmen were 
flooded with telegrams from their constituents — who had been quietly "in- 
duced" through division officers — was relished by the Assembly. He told 
how, a few days ago, Speaker Crisp had agreed to recognize the bill and 
how short-sighted he became, for some reason, when at the appointed time 
a senator who held the newly engrossed bill in his hands frantically tried 
to catch the Speaker's eye. 

On Tuesday a motion was passed to acquaint the people of the United 
States with the League's good roads bureau for the purpose of increasing 
the production of road literature. Another motion was passed, urging 
Congress to further the work of producing the fine geological and topo- 
graphical road maps now being published, samples of which were shown 
the Assembly. 

Highways. 

Mr. Potter was greeted effusively by the Assembly. He stated gen- 
erally the status of the road movement in all sections and dwelt upon the 
necessity of publishing quantities of illustrated pamphlets, to be sent to 
the officials of state governments, newspapers, etc. He recommended 
conferences between the League and other bodies, through the Executive 
Committee, and suggested a memorial to Congress requesting the publica- 
cation of another edition of the road maps, recently issued by the 
government. Upon motion of ex-President Dunn these recommendations 
were referred to the Executive Committee with emphatic endorsement. 
National Assembly Proxies. 

The old proxy evil was again cussed and discussed. Even the ex- 
ample of that famous Hartford farce, though it was a constitutional con- 
vention, was not apparently realized by so able a man as ex-President 
Kirkpatrick, who deprecated any change. Willison, of Maryland, ably 
opposed him and said democracy in the Assembly was far better than the 
centralization of power. By a vote of 88 to 36 the laws were changed so 
that hereafter any delegate to the Assembly may vote all the proxies of 
his own division, but not more than one proxy of any other division. This 
does not prevent combinations, but decreases the one man power. 

Division Representation and Board System Changed. 

Divisions must now have 200 members and sub-divisions roo members. 
The size of the division boards was reduced. There will be but one repre- 
sentative on the division board for every 200 members instead of 100 and 
there will be one club representative for twenty members, two for eighty 
and one for each hundred above eighty. If divisions fail to hold annual 
elections Secretary Bassett will call special elections. 
Rights and Privileges. 

Mr. Joseph S. Dean, a member of the Bi. World's staff and chairman 
of the rights and privileges committee, submitted a report in which he 
repeated the facts he told a year ago — that the committee is needlessly 
overworked and should have its labor lightened or be recompensed for 
that laber. 

Presidential Term Shortened. 

The terms of the president, vice presidents and treasurer will hereafter 
begin immediately on the adjournment of the Assembly and the presiden- 
tial term reduced from two years to one year. Colonel Burdett, however, 
was reelected before this measure passed so he continues in office until 
February, 1895. 

The National Assembly Reduced. 

Without much discussion it was decided to change the basis of division 
representation in the National Assembly to one delegate to every 400 mem- 
bers. 

Reverence for the Dead. 

Resolutions upon the deaths ofW. H. DeGraaf, of New York, and 
Sanford Lawton, of Springfield, Mass., were passed. 

Southern California Division. 
Mr. Thayer, of Los Angeles, had no difficulty in securing the changes 
enabling Southern California to form a division. 



SOME OF THE DETAILS. 

Five members of the Racing Board out of a possible seven, met in 
Philadelphia on Saturday and practically drew up the amateur rule which 
has been adopted and which was intended to supplant the proposed classes 
A and B. 

On Sunday morning the Executive Committee considered the Lus- 
comb-Bi. World imbroglio. 

On Sunday evening a caucus of chief consuls was held with a view of 
expediting the work ahead. It was decided to tavor Mr. Sheridan's prop- 
ositions concerning legislation by the Assembly and subsequent division sat- 



isfication, the detail of mail vote being left open, and it was deemed besl 
that the constitutional convention on Monday refer all proposed amend- 
ments to the Assembly and adjourn, the Assemblj'to convene immediately 
afterward. There was a tie vote upon the matter of excluding negroes 
from the League and chairman Burdett laid it upon the table. 

The Caucuses. 

It was again demonstrated, as at Columbus a year ago, that while the 
western members of the League have not the numerical strength of the 
East, they did not deem themselves so wi.se that they could learn nothing 
more. The caucus of eastern delegates tabled nearly everything — including 
Chairman Raymond when he sought to speak upon the brand-new amateur 
rule devised by his Board and after voting agains'; putting the word "white* 
in the constitution and against the Miles amendments, adjourned. Many 
did not vote so it was not representative. Both caucuses opened at 10 
p. m., after the meeting of chief consuls. There were about 30 delegates 
at the western caucus, representing 75 votes out of a possible 104, the num- 
ber of states included in the meaning of the term "western" being 23. 
It was carefully estimated on Monday that the West practically con- 
trolled 150 delegates' votes, personal and proxy. Mr. Gerould occu- 
pied the chair a while, being succeeded by Mr. Mergenthaler of Ohio, 
while Thos. F. Sheridan was secretary. It was a red hot caucus, much of 
its interest being due to the active participation of lawyers. All votes 
taken were individual, as some of the delegates bore instructed proxies 
which could not be used. Mr. Watts' motion to ratify the recommendation 
of the chief consuls' caucus, concerning prompt adjournment of the consti- 
tutional convention after referring all matters to the Assembly, was carried. 
The proposed amendments were discussed in a general but exceedingly 
lively manner. Swaying arms, " I tell you, sirs!" conciliation, denuncia- 
tion, plain hoss sense and all other possible phases of 
A Jumping-Jim-Dandy Meeting 
were brought into vigorous display. Details of the new amateur rule were 
evolved by Messrs. Sheridan and Watts, after which Chairman Raymond 
was invited in. He stated the relative situation of the League and 
racing in a crisp, energetic, style. The negro question, were it endowed 
with human sensibilities, could scarce have survived the Turkish bath 
treatment it received. The minor amendments having been passed 
over by ratifying the consuls' recommendation, the two main subjects 
mentioned took up nearly two hours and the caucus adjourned at nearly 
midnight. At that hour the wise men of the East were invisible in the 
corridors of the Hotel Lafayette. They had retired. 
Constitutional Convention. 

Examination of credentials took up much time after ten o'clock Mon- 
day morning when the convention was called to order by President Bur- 
dett in the beautiful audience hall of the Union League Club; so much 
time, in fact, that the convention adjourned until two o'clock. There was 
further delay till 3:10 p. m., when no more credentials were received. 
The personal and proxy votes aggregated 8,622. Connecticut had 1,185, 
Massachusetts 1,160, Illinois 219, the latter state losing many votes by the 
unavoidable late arrival of Mr. Randall. The principal topics discussed 
are reported under separate headings in the first part of this report. 
Pennsylvania's strong effort to down "Bi. World proxies," Mr. Sheridan's 
motion abolishing constitutional conventions and parliamentary skirmish- 
ing delayed the adjournment until 4:20 p. m. Then a general buzzing, 
and at 5 p. m. 

The National Assembly 
convened. Non-delegates were given the freedom of the hall. There were 
139 members of the Assembly present; they held 78 proxies; total, 217 out 
of a possible 248— very encouraging. At Columbus, last year, there were 
91 delegates present. President Burdett's manuscript report generalized, 
ably advising against any action (the negro question, inferentially) which 
would injure the League and the road movement before the country. 
Treasurer Brewster's report came next. It was followed by a wild scene 
concerning the auditing of accounts, which ended at exactly six o'clock, 
when the excited delegates adjourned to a quiet and elegant dinner, 
served in the adjoining banquet hall with the compliments of Union 
League Club members, among them Mr. \\\ R. Tucker. 

Treasurer's Report Followed by a Row. 

Receipts, to February 15, $16,146; expenditures, $13,255; balance, 
$2,891. 

When Treasurer Brewster mounted the platform on Monday afternoon 
to read his report there were unmistakable signs of stormy weather and the 
thunder-maker. Chief Consul George L. Perkins of Massachusetts, did not 
long remain undiscovered. The first white-cap appeared when, after Mr. 
Brewster had read the totals and had proceeded some ways in reading a 
list of amounts and voucher numbers which were Greek to all but a very 
few people present, he was requested to desist. As the report was merely 
a financial statement and Mr. Brewster practically merely official book- 
keeper, the report should have been adopted immediately and wrangling 
deferred. However, Mr. J. F. Adams, of Massachusetts moved that a 
financial report be published, showing in detail the amoimts and nature of 
all expenditures. Imrt.ediately it became apparent that Mr. Adams' sup- 
plemental remarks were insufficient to satisfy the Massachusetts leader, 
Mr. Perkins, who arose and, in an extended talk in which he strenuously 
but unsuccessfully endeavored to show a friendly spirit toward the admin- 
istration, stated that League expenditures should be passed upon by an 
auditing committee independent of the Executive Committee. Then the 
cannonade! Ex-President Kirkp atrick's clarion voice declared that he 
had never known any Executive Committee to be subjected to such super- 
vision. Mr. Perkins, of small physique but Roman nose, muscular neck 
and generally pugnacious appearance, retorted thpt it was business, not 
sentiment. Mr. Potter arose to a point of order. Mr. Sheridan took the 
chair and President Burdett, stepping down in front of the platform, to 
the center aisle, stopped under the brilliantly crystalled electric chandelier 
and faced Mr. Perkins, who stood in the aisle not fifteen feet away. In an 
impassioned manner President Burdett declared that but one of two mean- 
ings could be drawn from the attitude of Massachusetts. Either the arith- 
metical ability of the Executive Committee was doubted or its integrity 
was aimed at, he said in effect. He was pale with feeling and when he 



THE BEARINQS. 



returned to the side of the platform he was abstracted and talked to him- 
self, looking straight at the writer without, apparently, seeing him. At 
this point an error occurred. Mr. Perkins had continued. Temporary 
chairman Sheridan — and the whole Assembly as well — forgot that Mr. 
Adams' motion was to publish details and, under an erroneous impression, 
Mr. Sheridan asked Mr. Adams if he had not moved to have the 
accounts audited. Mr. Adams' memory had flown. So had Mr. Perkins'. 
So had everybody's. Mr. Sheridan ruled Mr. Perkins out of order, stating 
that the motion violated the by-laws. Astonishment on Mr. Perkins' face 
— rt-tort — firm stand by the chair^appeal; and the great Massachusetts 
kicker was swamped by a standing vote of 69 to 38. Then President 
Burdett, apparently to show that the Executive Committee did not fear 
publicity, swooped around the platform again and moved that the whole 
treasurer's report be published in the Bulletin "as soon as possible". "It 
is too long — it would take six months," cried Vice President Brown from 
the chairman's left. The matter concluded by Mr. Luscomb's motion to 
publish under classified headings, and his withdrawal, when it was stated 
that the Executive Committee's report had so classified the expenditures. 
The treasurer's report was then adopted. 

Tuesday's Session. 

On Tuesiay morning the Assembly opened at 9:45 o'clock. The order 
in which matters were settled in the morning session was as follows: 
Southern California division, new method of forming divisions regarding 
National Assembly membership, negro exclusion. At half past one the 
Assembly adjourned for an hour and reconvened at 3:15. Sheridan took 
the chair. Order of business: Division option concerning new members, 
resolutions on deaths of W. H. DeGraaf and Sanford Lawton, publication 
of full postal addresses, new amateur rule reducing division boards, en- 
forcing division elections, shortening presidential term, distribution of 
the Bulletin, defining ofiicial editor's department, expulsion of racing 
men, censorship over prize lists, national assembly proxies, international 
races, '93 League meet. Racing Board appropriation, geological survey 
maps, Pennsylvania's grievances against Bi. World, increasing road move- 
ment publicity, reinstatements, road racing. 

Just before adjournment, at 6:31 p. m.. Chief Consul Hackney ad- 
dressed the assembly on behalf of Denver concerning the League meet of 
1894, while Mr. Pennell spoke for Asbury Park. 

Secretary's Report. 

Secretary Bassett, his massive head topped by a shock of hair which is 
fast growing silvery and his complexion graduating from a slight pallor to 
a healthy flush, arose from his center seat behind the platform table and 
read his report like the expenenced "old reliable" he is. He announced 
that the space for official matter in the Bulletin would be cut down twenty- 
five per cent. This means two things: L. A. W. communications will be 
more vigorously blue-penciled and, when the space allowance is exceeded, 
the Wheelman Company will make extra charges. (This is always done 
when the annual national reports are published and will this year aggre- 
gate a very respectable sum.) Net gain in members in the year, 10,264,- 
this gain exceeding the entire membership of 1887. There are 34,304 
members — 20,218 in the Atlantic coast states, 9,822 in the middle states, 
4,237 west of the Mississippi river and 27 foreign. There are 1,162 lady 
members — 240 in Massachusetts, 156 in New York, 89 in New Jersey, 85 in 
Illinois, and so on. There has been a gain of 97 clubs. Total receipts, 
$50,201.39, as follows: applications, $31,370,50; renewals, $i7,7qo.oo; card 
cases, $772.25; uniform cloth, $192.14; veteran bars, $7650. Of the total 
receipts from membership fees, $49,160.00, the sum of $31,700.50 was 
credited to divi-i)ns and $r7,46o.oo to the treasury. Expenses of secre- 
tary's office, not including his own $3,000 salary, follow: salaries, $1,355.- 
00; rent, $360,00; postage, $983.48; sundries, $389.86. Nearly 100,000 
pieces of mail passed through the office. 

Executive Committee's Report. 

For the first time in the League's history the Executive Committee 
made a formal annual report. It was read by Vice President Brown and 
contained much information concerning the expenditure of League funds 
and the method of auditing vouchers and accounts. Treasurer Brewster 
told the writer that the auditing system was devised by him and submitted 
at the Detroit meeting in 1891. The Executive Committee's action in the 
Luscomb vs. Bicycling World matter is mentioned elsewhere. The whole 
report will be published in the organ. 

Upon re-assembly at 7:45 p. m., reports of the secretary, the executive 
and other committees were read. The annual election closed at 10:45, 
when the Assembly adjourned. 



NOTES. 

By the iudicious use of Limburger cheese some practical jokers con- 
vinced ex-President Kirkpatrick that a boutonnier can be in the pink of 
condition. 

Mrs. Abbot Bissett was injured by a fill on Sunday, seriously enough 
to be confined indoors for a few days. Papa Bassett grows gray but he 
looks well. 

Chairman Raymond's trip to London cost the League $365, this 
amount including the charter of a special car on the mail train, Queens- 
town to Dublin. 

Indirect taxation gives the victim the bliss of ignorance. Many 
Ndtional Assembly delegates who are gushiug over the kindness of the 
Uiion Leaijae Club, of Philadelphia, probably do not know that the Exec- 
utive Committee passed a voucher in favor of the club for something like 
$500. 

A party of eight — Fox, White, Stimpson, Van Sicklen and Berger of 
Chicago, Webb of Aurora, Hackney of Denver, and Perrigo of Omaha — 
left Chicago on Saturday morning via the B. & O., reaching Philadelpha 
Sunday afternoon. Through the kindness of Mr. Redman, of Washington, 
Mr. Hackney was shown the beauties of the national capital during a brief 
lay-over, while others of the party stopped at Baltimore long enough to eat 
some fresli oysters and take a short jaunt through the city. Mr. Gerould 
had gone East early and a portion of the Illinois delegation and the Wis- 
consin contingent went over another route. 



ZIMMERMAN'S FIRST APPEARANCE. 

Savannah, Ga., Feb. 22. — The races on the new cement track hereon 
the first of the two days' meet were not particularly successful as races, 
viewed from a spectatcr's position, as the entries were scarce and starters 
few. Baird, of Charleston, won all the open events and the minor honors 
fell mostly to his clubmates, local men not being up to their form. Zim- 
merman rode an exhibition quarter, conceding Harry Wheeler 20 yards. 
Zimmerman won in :34, to the delight of 3,000 people present. 

The track is well designed, banked very highly and the turns are 
quite safe. It is the fastest quarter-mile track in America. The people 
are pleased with it. Baird made a quarter-mile amateur southern record 
of :35 2-5, standing start. He could have done better. The people here 
are treating the visitors generously. 



DENV ER I N 1894. 

Chief Consul Hackney Goes to Philadelphia in Colorado's Behalf. 

Chief Consul Hackney, of Colorado division, is an old Chicago man. 
He left the city of breezy energy in August, '91, and went to Denver. He 
was a stranger in a strange land but — he went from Chicago. Within a few 
months he had acquired the highest position Colorado division could give 
any man — the chief consulship, and on last Saturday this quiet, pleasant- 
mannered, auburn-haired man passed through Chicago en route to Phila- 
delphia to insert the entering wedge of a life-sized boom for " Denver for 
the League meet of '94." 

While whirling away east on the B. & O., toward the mountains o* 
West Virginia, Mr. Hackney talked to a small but representative party of 
lUinoisans. He showed them beautiful photographs of still life in Colorado 
— such scenes as Pike's Peak, Garden of the Gods, Ute Pass, the famous 
'Loop — and promised that some of those scenes should be gazed upon with- 
out price or cost to League members, should they go to Denver in '94. 

" We are rot sure that our efiTorts are even likely to be successful," said 
Mr. Hackney. "We do not know what the cost would be, but we look at it 
this way : If the Washington meet cost Washingtonians $2,oco we would 
try to treble it. It is an acknowledged fact thi.t Denver's hotels are not sur- 
passed anywhere. Our streets are good, surrounding roads are naturally 
fine and we should give our visitors at least one great excursion to the 
Loop, near Georgetown, 79 miles out. From there we would return by rail 
to a point near Floyd's Hill, 35 miles from Denver, and from there to the 
city they would enjoy some of the grandest coasting imaginable. There 
are two good hills to climb. Otherwise it is all easy work, with one or two 
ten mile coasts. The 5,000 wheelmen of Denver and those in surrounding 
cities are very much in earnest in this matter. We consider that we need 
and deserve the '94 meet and are prepared to work for it. Cyclists are in 
great favor in Denver and can get almost any support they ask from the 
city leaders and newspapers. We expect to agitate the matter all this year 
and it is probable that we will tender the members of the Nationel Assem- 
bly in '94. when the location of that year's meet will be vot^d upon, a re- 
ception in the city in which the delegates meet, the entertainment to in- 
clude a series of photographic stereopticon views showing the charms with 
which nature has blessed Colorado." 

"But how about Toledo? It is understood that that city also wants 
the '94 meet." 

"Toledo," said Mr. Hackney, "will have to watch corners. We are 
doing that very thing. We are going to make things warm for our compet- 
itors. We know what we have to offer and faithfully believe our stick will 
bring down the persimmon. We have fine streets, fine girls (here he 
warmed up and the party drew closer), our hotels are acknowledged to be 
unsurpassed and our buildings — our buildings — why-er-gentlemen, that re- 
minds me. A boy fell off one of our big buildings the other day, dropped 

seven stories onto a horse, killed it and was hardly injured " "G-guess 

I'll vote for Denver," said each delegate faintly, upon recovering. 



How Osmond Trains. 
Before Osmond fell and injured himself he was undergoing a severe 
course of training. Evidently he has profited by the severe lesson taught 
him last year by Zimmerman and intends to regain some of his lost laurels. 
The ex-ch?mpion of England will require considerable training to get 
himself into record breaking form. Every day he runs four miles, dressed 
in heavy clothes, vaulting fences and ending up by attacking a log of wood 
with a heavy hammer. This programme is being carefully carried out and 
Osmond has added one inch to his chest measurement, besides increasing 
his arm girth. 

Paving Blocks For Track Purposes. 
The Velodrome de la Seine is the name of a new half mile track at 
Paris. It will be twenty-five feet wide except in the straights where it will 
measure thirty-two and one half feet. The cost of the track will be $30,000. 
Instead of using earth, cinders or asphalt a new surface will be tried. 
Wooden paving blocks laid edgewise will be used, the contractors guaran- 
teeing this kind of a surface to last ten years. 

The Transcontinental Record. 
Nelson A. Bradt, of Johnstown, N. Y., claims the record from New 
York to San Francisco. He started from New York on April 9, 1891, and 
reached 'Frisco July 4, taking eighty-six days to make the trip. He rested 
twenty-four days, leaving sixty-two days of actual riding. The distance 
is 4,420 miles. 



THE BEARINGS. 



'FIRED". 




NOT YET. 




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All manuscript intended for publication should be in hand not later than Monday 
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accompanied by postage to cover the same. 

All checks and postal notes for advertising or subscriptions must be made to the 
order of The Bearings Pi'blisbing Co. 

OUR POLICY. 

A journal devoted exclusively to the cycle trade forms a medium be- 
tvfeen manufacturer and dealer. The Bearings occupies a broader field. 
It is the rider's paper and is conducted upon the theory that a medium 
beiween manufacturer and dealer and between these and the rider is most 
valuable to all concerned. Results have proved the correctness of our 
theory, faithful adherence to which has placed our circulation — trade and 
general — far above that of any other independent cycling journal. 



THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. 



We do not include the constitutional convention in the caption. Its 
life was short. It was born. It died. To its will there was no codicil 
providing for a ratifying mail vote. It is well or it is not well. Time 
will tell. 

We trust that the proceedings of the Philadelphia conclave of last 
Monda\- and Tuesday are reported with sufiBcient clearness to make ex- 
tended editorial comment ujnecessary. We should say that the principal 
ailment of the movement might be named — George W. Perkins. This 
singularly active and aggressive man, who is doing excellent work as chair- 
man of the Massachusetts Road Commission, and who, parenthetically, is 
being well paid for that work, is to be congratulated upon his seemingly 
inexhaustible productiveness, for if his abilities were only ordinary that 
share of his work which is filed awa}- in the pigeon hole, marked " Una- 
vailing Strife," would leave him a pauper. 

Auditing League Expenditures. 

Taking up the first subject, which excited marked attention in the 
Assembly — the movement pushed by Chief Consul Perkins, of Massachu- 
setts, toward establishing a committee other than the Executive Committee 
for auditing the expenditures of the League or at least aimed at it. 
It may quite properly be revived at another time. The integrity of the 
Executive Committee cuts no figure in the matter at all; it is a matter of 
business and has numerous precedents in business corporations, a category 
in which the League, we understand, will be interluded by being regularly 
incorporated. We believe the Executive Committee should audit all 
accounts as a matter of course; but is it not also a matter of course that 
it will audit and allow expenditures made by itself and which might be 
severely criticised by the League if its National Assembly could have them 
analyzed by its own committee. There should be such a committee and 
the president should be one of its members. This assertion may be 
strengthened in the minds of President Burdett and his executive col- 
leagues when we inform them that there was considerable curiosity at Phil- 
adelphia concerning the apparently flattering report of the financial condi- 
tion of the magazine Good Roads. That curiosity is not yet satisfied as it 
might have been with the aid of an auditing committee. Good Roads 
must be supported beyond the peradventure of a doubt, but if there lurked 
any deception in the glitteringly general report included in the president's 
address a clean breast may as well be made of the matter now as at any 
time. The League authorized a loan of $6, 000 to Good Roads. It has 
actually paid nearly $10,000. There was a general desire to know more 
about the taatter at Philadelphia, and the spark of inquisitiveness was un- 



mistakably fanned into a flame by the peculiar sensitiveness of the Execu- 
tive Committee in the matter. The aggravating Mr. Perkins was not 
apparently- the onlj' cause of the sensitiveness. 

Cycle Racing. 

Chairman Raymond's prediction that the approaching racing season 
will be the greatest is perfectly safe as to the past, and probably correct as 
to the future. Had Class B been adopted the prediction would have been 
quite as safe, not in the opinion of some people's mind, but as a matter of 
fact. The new amateur rule bears a close resemblance to the transparent 
thing which preceded it but its environments are stronger without offering 
to doubt the efficiency of the rule or the new powers given to the Racing 
Board. We venture to s ep into the shoes of the shamateur long enough 
to view the situation from his standpoint. We can do this without incon- 
venience to him. The fact is that our good friend, the shamateur, is sick 
abed; for a whole year he Las been kept dancing by the Racing Board like 
a turkey on a hot stove. It almost undermined his sensitive nervous sys- 
tem and this new shock following right upon the heels of promised legisla- 
tion, which would have relieved him from the receipt of so manj? personal 
letters from Chairman Raymond, has prostrated him entirely. We now 
only occupy his shoes long enough to utter seven words, "How can I 
evade the new rule?" 

The shamateur's position may be more hazardous her after but it is 
correspondingly valuable to the manufacturer, who will, nodoubt, "purse" 
bis lips and keep the invalid thinking. There is small prospects that the 
services of Doctor N. C. A. will be required. The doctor may find a 
crumb of comfort — a mighty small dry crumb in the fact that a medico's 
shingle must generally swing in all the weathers of a year before it 
attracts many candidates for eternity. 

L. A. W. Addresses. 

The assumption of certain delegates in the Assembly that the agitation 
or full L. A. W. addresses was actuated by the business needs of inde- 
pendent cycling papers was absurd upon its very face. Not only would a 
publisher be a fool for allowing such a necessity to be apparent in the edi- 
torial policy of his paper, but the necessity does not exist. The Bearings 
is perfectly satisfied with what it possesses and can possess in the way of 
wheelmen's addresses. 

Careless and Fake Records. 

In his annual report Chairman Raymond scored the cycling press for 
encouraging loosely made records by accepting them too readily. The 
Be.^RINGS wishes to be placed on record concerning those Nashville 
records, which were never made. We were asked if we would accept them 
if they were made without the full corps of officers required by the L. A. 
W. We flatly refused and were afterwards informed that ours was the 
only refusal. 

A Bright Body of Men. 

These words and most of those in our report were written in Phila. 
delphia and we plead the non-existence of a system of free telegraphy as a 
reason for not discussing more fully some other matters which were legis- 
lated upon at Philadelphia. 

We cannot close without looking retrospectively at the Assembly 
through an old-timer's glasses and expressing pleasure at the handsome, 
healthy set of men we see. Ten years ago the recreative features of wheel- 
men's gatherings were not disgraced by rowdyism or the infantile fancies 
of badge fiends but on the other hand the cycling legislative bodies of that 
time would scarcely compare with the one we have this week for mature 
average age nor for the number of brilliant exceptions. There was one 
delegate at Philadelphia — an honest-faced, stout old farmer, who must 
have passed the fifty year mark some time ago, and there were gray hairs 
and baldheads scattered through the crowd to give the picture a very 
harmonious, dignified coloring. The Assembly leaders are lawyers nowa- 
days. It is a matter of pride that the orator of 1877 — Thomas J. Kirk- 
patrick — stands unrivaled today and in saying this we venture to remember 
a certain other orator well known in the trade. 



FACTS OF THE CASE. 



Surely, Bicycling World cannot hope to long deceive League members 
if it is able to mislead them at all, by its present policy. While charging 
its opponents with misrepresentation, it misrepresents. We do not know 
how to deal with such an antagonist except by exposing its method, for we 
cannot pursue a controversy to a definite, useful end through any but the 
straight channel of fact. We refuse to follow our Boston contemporary in 
its desperate diversions from actual issues. 

Editorial and semi-editorial utterances in its last number try to create 
two false impressions, viz.; that this paper in urging the abandonment of 
the "business" of racing by the League and the adoption of the road move- 
ment on a more thorough scale, has been working as the tool of the cash 
prize league; and that the fact that the individual utterances of the editor 
of this paper against Bi. World, in a recent caucus, amounted to an 
acknowledgement that his position was mercenary. 

While The Bearings is under its present editorial control it will 



THB BEARINGS 



never advocate any course for purely mercenary reasons. It will never 
favor any course unless it believes that course to be ri^ht. The individual 
opinions of its stafif will always be free from any business consideration, 
and if the editors of Bicycling World believe — as they apparently do — that 
such a condition of things is impossible, the matter goes right home to 
themselves and they are nailed as mercenaries. 

These lines are written before receipt of the report of the Philadelphia 
proceedings, which will show in what manner the Wheelman Company 
contract has been handled by the Assembly. We do not and have not 
believed it easily possible to abrogate that contract at this time. We have 
simply made a continuous exposure of what we know, and League mem- 
bers know, to be its shortcomings. We have hammered and hammered 
away at those various deficiencies until we secured the co-operation of other 
journals and unmistakably attracted the attention of the National 
Assembly to the matter. We know the whole subject has been discussed 
at Philadelphia. That was the result we were working for and now, unless 
the outcome of that discussion was incomplete, we hope that our disagree- 
able task has ended. A more sincere hope was never registered. 



HOUSE BILL No. 215. 
What has Been Done With the Obnoxious Indiana Measure. 



L. A. W. DEL EGATE S' EXPENSES. 

Illinois Division delegates to the National Assembly were each allowed 
the munificent sum of $25 each for traveling and other expenses. The 
round-trip railway fare from Chicago to Philadelphia is about $23, special 
rate; sleeping-car fare, round trip, f lo; total, $33. Subtract $25 and you 
find a deficit of $8 which must come from the delegate's pocket, to say 
nothing of hotel expenses and railway meals. The allowance reminds one 
of "That generous luxury the gods enjoy," because it is so difierent. The 
League should provide its leading ofiicers with " princes that possess gold, 
and fill their houses with silver," or it should in some way lighten the 
burdens of poorer men who may, perchance, be blessed with brains and so 
get into its councils. 

It may seem inapropos, with the flying-fur lined wraith of a constitu- 
tional convention scarce departed, to suggest new tinkerings, but here are 
facts: Illinois division, having about 2,830 members, was entitled to send 
16 delegates to the recent National Assembly. Eight delegates were actu- 
ally there. One delegate, when he had read Chief Consul Gerould's 
circular letter allowing him $25 and carefully felt of his purse and then the 
" sucker " bump on his cranium, sat him down and wrote his worthy chief 
consul that ' ' he was sorry, but important business would prevent him 
from going." 

On the basis of $25 per man, Illinois was prepared to expend I368 for 
the trip of her representatives to Philadelphia. Had this amount been 
apportioned on the basis of $50 per man it would have covered the actual 
necessary expenses of the eight gentlemen who made the trip. As it was, 
each of them gave about $25 from his private purse for " the good of the 
cause." 

Some provision should be made for the payment of delegates' full 
legitimate expenses while they give up their time to the transaction of 
L. A. W. business. It is the custom of other prominent fraternal bodies 
and we understand that some L. A. W. divisions do so. It should be done, if 
possible, by all divisions, and while the election of delegates on the basis 
of one for every 400 members, instead of 200, will ease the matter, still we 
believe definite division legislation enforcing the payment of full expenses 
would not be impracticable. Under such a system a total appropriation, 
commensurate with the strength of the division treasury, could be made 
each year by the division board; the number of delegates willing to travel 
to the Assembly could be ascertained by the secretary and, if the number 
of willing ones should exceed the limit of the appropriation, lots could be 
drawn or some other method used to meet the limit. 



SE NSIBL E. 
In connection with the announcement that what were known as the 
Nashville and Milwaukee cases had been dropped by the Racing Board, 
Chairman Raymond explained the matter to the cycling press in such a 
candid manner that it would be manifestly unjust for any journal to criti- 
cize the Board for not having suspended a number of racing men of whose 
guilt there has been no doubt, but who, by perjuring themselves, could not 
be expelled without a violation of the existing amateur rule by the Board. 
Mr. Raymond's policy of candor toward the press is sensible. It is the 
most effective method he could use in communicating with wheelmen at 
large. 

Secretary Van Nort, of Pennsylvania, stated in the National Assembly 
that one of the editors of Bi. World, before employed by that paper, was 
instrumental in passing a resolution in the Pennsylvania division meeting, 
demanding full postal addresses in the Bulletin. As The Bearings does 
not believe men's private opinions should be warped by employers' it 
a!<sumes that the associate member mentioned still thinks League mem- 
bers have a right to those addresses. 



Phi'adelphia, Feb. ig. — Mr. M. H. Pontious, an old-timer of Crawfords- 
ville, Ind., and one of the ablest workers in the Indiana division, tonight 
showed me a letter written to him by Senator J. M. Seller from the General 
Assembly-room at Indianapolis, dated February 17. The letter, which 
referred to House bill No. 215, proposing to make cyclists give up their 
road rights under penalty of heavy fine, read as follows: "Dear sir: 
House bill No. 215 met a very timely death in the House and I do not 
think it will trouble us any more. With thanks for your letter, I am," etc. 

Mr. Pontious said: "I was cheered mightily by that letter but I under- 
stand today that Senator Seller erred and that the bill did not come up at 
all. The House adjourned on Saturday and as the bill may be brought up 
tomorrow we are not certain that the danger of its passage is past." 



OUR NE W O FFICES. 

Where "The Bearings" Will be Located After May First. 

Progress makes her revelations in the construction of edifices, as well 
as in cycles, and it will not be elongating strict ver.icity to say that the 
Isabella, the new building in which The Bearings will make its home 
on or about May i, will be one of the finest ofiice buildings ever erected 
and superior in detail and taste to buildings of its class heretofore built. 
Its decorations will please both the materialistic and idealistic eye. The 




halls will be of marble, mahogany and opalescent glass and other features 
will be in harmony. 

This paper will make its home upon the ninth floor, occupying about 
one half of that story. The elevation will be sufficient to insure good light 
and gain a somewhat lofty view, and if perchance we grow poetical up 
there the reason will be evident. 

The ninth floor has about been passed by the builders, and Chicago 
artisans build rapidly. 



THE BEARINGS. 




fixtures aud furniture for sale. The clubhouse is one of the largest and 
most elegant in the world. It is said the debts of the club foot up nearly a 
million dollars. 



Australian Records Go. 

Melbourne, Australia, Jan. 7. — Christmas and New Year has been unlucky 
for our racing men. With very few exceptions they have been attacked 
with influenza, or have been mixed up in a spill while racing; some, in fact, 
have had both to contend with. There being very few races in Melbourne 
during the Christmas holidays, the bulk of the racers betook themselves to 
the country, or in some neighboring colony— South Australia, New South 
Wales and New Zealand. Broadly speaking, those who journeyed over the 
border were not wholly successful. In New Zealand, our two cracks, L,. 
B. Scharp, and W. S. McCoombe, altered two or three of their records. 
The quarter mile was lowered from :38 3-5 to :36 3-5 by McCoombe, while 
Scharp secured the five and ten mile in 13:55 2-5 and 28:11 3-5, theprevious 
best time being 14:08 and 28:28. The great difl"erence in the time between 
the first and the last five miles is accounted for by the fact that Scharp's 
tire exploded one and a half laps from home, so that he lost fourteen 
seconds ere he got under way again. Scharp was again unfortunate in 
Adelaide through his tire exploding, causing his machine to break, and in 
falling brought down five others, one of whom was Howard L,ewis (a crack 
Victorian, scratch in Austral race) who was so unlucky as to have his 
collar bone broken in three places. In that smash the damage was 
estimated at about f8oo. 

While over there one of our men, H. B. James, essayed to lower the 
100 mile record for South Australia, which stood at 7:07:00. The first fifty 
occupied 2:53:00 and the 100 was cut out in 6:26:00, or forty-one minutes 
better than the previous. Another of the men, T. D. Scott, made a 
successful attempt at the record between the two cities — Adelaide and Mel- 
bourne. He was favored by fair weather, and cut out the 598 miles in four 
days and twenty hours. By the way, he is the only one who has really 
ridden the whole way. The others have taken the train over the fifty 
miles of desert along Lake Coorong. Enroute he had ten miles of walk 
over railway sleepers. On the last day, being on Victoria soil and with 
much time improved soil he lowered the twenty-four hour record by three 
miles, covering 223 miles in that time. 

The Victorian Racing Mens' Association are endeavoring to made 
themselves heard in the matter of the government of the sport. In reality 
so far there is no body that could be called such. The V. R. C. A. and 
Melbourne B. C. each have a set of rules so much alike that the difference 
is hard to find; yet it is there. Broadly speaking, while allowing a man to 
take money for his prize, they call him a cash-amateur, so long as it can 
not be proved that he gains his livelihood by it. The V. R. C. A. make no 
bones about the matter and has no amateur nonsense about it. — Dingo. 



Philadelphia Pickings. 
Philadelphia, Feb. 18. — The recent ordinance passed to compel a 
cyclist to carry a bell in the day time and a lamp at night has caused little 
or no dissatisfaction among club members. In fact, it is mostly the 
unattached riders who cause most of the accidents. The Century Wheel- 
men have formed a banjo club and are practicing hard. The Philadelphia 
cycling social season is on the wane and the wheelmen are looking with 
longing eyes for fine spring weather. Barlow & Hart's minstrels, com- 
posed of members of the Century Wheelmen, are touring through the state. 
The Century Wheelmen will hold another minstrel show in April. The 
Quaker City Wheelmen have their new club house project well under way. 
The Columbia Cyclers are fitting out their new club house in elaborate 
style. The Americus Wheelmen were the pefforraers in amateur theatri- 
cals last week. 



Fine Weather Attracts the Riders. 

Kansas City, Mo., Feb. 20. — The fine warm weather has brought out 
wheels that had been in retirement for many months. The boys are 
especially active and some new men "learning" on 1893 scorchers were 
noticed recently. There is a demand for light scorching wheels and the 
new men are buying them and the old riders will consider nothing but 
brakeless wheels, scaling under thirty pounds. 

Arrangements are being made by the Kansas City Cyclists to hold a 
race meeting on Decoration Day. A movement is on foot to organize a 
new club in this city, which will be called the Jackson County Wheelmen. 
There are probably one thousand riders in this city, but only seventy are 
members of the Kansas City Cyclists, the only club and it is thought the 
new club will gain a large membership from the unattached riders. 



Dancing the Rage in Des Moines. 
Des Moines, la., Feb. 20. — No, we are not all dead out here; it's 
winter. This time o'year never did amount to much in the cycling sense 
in this berg, anyway — it's too icy. The club is in a most flourishing con- 
dition. The new quarters have proved a success. We not only have the 
largest suite of any club in the state of Iowa, but in addition, the largest 
dancing hall in Des Moines. Every other Friday the lads hire an orches- 
tra of eight to twelve pieces and bring their lassies up to hear the music 
and perchance, dance a little. — N.\djy, 



Will Build a Track Around Rochester. 
Rochester, N Y., Feb. 19.— The Rochester Wheelmen's League, sup- 
ported by the most interested and energetic bicyclists in Rochester, are 
contemplating many meritorious projects. Unquestionably the most 
praiseworthy one is that of building a circuitous twenty-five mile bicycle 
path around the confines of the city. It is the intention to improve roads 
and sidepaths whenever necessary and to keep them in a ridable condi- 
tion. Property owners, bicyclists and non-bicyclists alike, have oledged 
their support to the enterprise. 



Good Roads for Cleveland. 
1 Cleveland, 0., Feb 21. — At last the Cleveland Wheel Club has obtained 
a handsome new club house and expects to move into it the last of May. 
The building when completed will be a three story stone structure. The 
deal was satisfactorily settled last week and the club is to be congratulated 
on the quarters they have secured. 

The country road commissioners have adopted the motto "By our 
works we shall be known" and propose to erect their monuments in the 
shape of good roads this year. As much road will be laid as the fund will 
warrant and hereafter when the jovial farmer works out his road tax it 
will be under the supervision of a competent engineer. 

Canadians Want a Class B. 
Toronto, Ont,, Feb. 18. — The executive committee of the Canadian 
Wheelmen's Association met here today and discussed the professional 
question. The feeling was strongly against the cash prize system and also 
against makers' amateurs. The feeling was decidedly in favor of ruling 
out makers' amateurs from purely amateur races and making a separate 
class of them. The executive committee will make a recommendation 
to the annual meeting of the association here next month and if it is 
adopted the result will be that nearly all the crack riders in Canada will be 
ruled out of purely amateur events. 



The M, A. C. Gives up the Ghost. 
New York, Feb. 20. — The doors of the clubhouse of the Manhattan 
Athletic Club were closed to-day by order of Receiver Friedman, and the 
club is no more. In a few days the receiver will advertise the building, 



A. A. Zimmerman, Capitalist. 
Zimmerman is becoming quite a capitalist. He has been elected 
chairman and a director of the First National Bank of Perth Amboy, N. J. 
He is also largely interested in the Raleigh Cycle Co., holding a consider- 
able number of shares, which are at present said to be selling at a high 
premiun. 

RACE NOTES. 

The latest is that Holbein will try for the twenty-four hour walking 
record, fair heel and toe. 

James McLaren, the Scotch crack, announces that he will probably 
visit Chicago this year. 

Red, blue, yellow and green colored tires are to be seen in England. 
That is worse than our colored rim fad. 

The Scottish Cyclist authoritatively announces that Shorland has com- 
pleted arrangements with Humber & Co. and will soon transfer his 
services to that firm. 

Stephane and Dubois, the two French riders, will have a go at the 
twelve hour tandem record this month. 

Johnson defeated Donoghue for the amateur skaiing championship of 
America at Red Banks, N. J.,ina five mile race. 

An Englishman has ofiered a medal for the first tricyclist who accom- 
plishes 400 miles in 24 hours on the Heme Hill track. 

It has been said that France has no amateur champion. C. Andre won 
the mile championship last year at the Buffalo track in 2:33. He also won 
the 20 kilometer championship. 

The membership of the Telegram Cycling Club, of Milwaukee, is said 
to represent $2,500,000 of capital. The club will have a team on the big 
circuit this year. The team will wear blue and yellow. 

Nosozar, an Italian, and Renaud, a Swiss, made a dead heat for first 
place in a recent Swiss road race and the committee in charge cut the first 
prize — a gold medal — in two and presented each of the winners with half a 
medal. 

E. de Perrodil, a French newspaper man, intends establishing a record 
from Paris to Madrid this season. Farman will accompany him. The 
distance is 1,500 kilometers and M. de Perrodil expects to make it in a week, 
riding 200 kilometers a day. 

Joseph Poorman is commencing to boom his '93 road race. His first 
entry has been received. Walter Measure, of the Union Cycle Mfg. Co., is 
number i. It is thought that he will be placed somewhere near scratch. 
N. H. Van Sicklen is the second man to enter. 

F. J. Schroeder will act as chairman of the racing board of the Mil- 
waukee Wheelmen, having been formally reappointed at the annual meet- 
ing of the club. The membership of the racing board has been reduced 
from ten to five, the other members being Martin Patitz, O. H. Link, 
August Rutz and the secretary. 

Raleigh medals have been presented to the following racing men: 
George M. Nisbett, S. MacAdam, H. Y. Joly, Sam Lenton, A. A. Zimmer- 
man (set with diamonds), A. Gericke, L. Cantu, H. J. Lister, A. W. Stott, 
J. Rickard, E. Scott, R. T. Watson, Dr. Robertson, J. D. Celliers, A. 
Ruscelli, G. J. Tisell, R. J. Ilsley, W. W. Robertson, G. A. Banker, Carl 
Hess, Harry Wheeler, Giuseppe Nuvolari, Carlo Dani, Marco Conti. 



THE BEARINGS. 



i«S 



DOUBLY GUARANTEED. 




Columbia Bicycles are guaranteed, but the Columbia Tire is doubly so. 
In addition to our regular guarantee, which warrants the Columbia Pneumatic 
Tire as to material and . onstruction for one year from date of purchase, and 
agrees to repair or replace during the calendar year any one which bursts or 
punctures under reasonable and actual use, we make the following offer: 

If any Columbia pneumatic tire on a Columbia bicycle, 
originally sold by us so equipped is damaged beyond re- 
pair after the expiration of the year of guarantee, we will 
make through any of our Agents or at any one of our own 
houses, an exchange of tires once on each wheel at a 
special charge of ^6 and the old tire. 

As an evidence of good faith we require that the old tire be delivered free 
to the agent from whom the machine was purchased, or to us, plainly tagged 
with the owner's name and number of the machine. 

When the old tire is to be taken off by our agent, or by us, and the new 
one put on, a suitable charge will be made for this work. 

Our knowledge of the structure of our tire, and our confidence in its wear- 
ing qualities, make us willing to establish this unprecedented feature of our 
already liberal guarantee. 



"MAKE ASSURANCE DOUBLY SURE" and Buy a Columbia. 



BOSTON, 



POPE MFG. CO. 



NEW YORK. CHICAGO. 



HARTFORD. 







MENTION The Bearings. 



THE BKARINQS. 



RANDOM NOTES. 



Mardi Gras Races. 
Mardi Gras was celebrated at Mobile, Ala., by the Mobile B. C. by a 
race meet, over looo spectators attending. Pensacola cyclists were pre- 
sent and were entertained by the local club. In the first race, a one-third 
of a mile, novice, there were five entries. It soon developed that Wilcox 
and Woodcock were the only two in it, the former winning in :54 3-4. For 
the second race, a half-mile, Henry Sanders and G. A. Robinson contested, 
the latter winning in 1:41 1-4. In the third race, a one-third of a mile, Wil- 
cox, Robinson and Woodcock entered. Coming into the homestretch 
Wilcox spurted for the lead, when his wheel broke, throwing him to the 
giound. Nevertheless he finished second. Woodcock winning in :57 3-4. 
The fourth event was a challenge half-mile between Gordon and Auner, the 
latter winning in 1:43 ^-^- The two-thirds of a mile open was run between 
Wilcox and Robinson, the former winning in 2:14. The sixth was a chal- 
lenge mile race between Gordon and Auner, the latter winning in 3:57. 



Johnson Will Rest. 
J. S. Johnson, accompanied by T. W. Eck, passed through Chicago 
last Tuesday, on his way home from the skating tournament. He will 
staj' in Minneapolis for some time to rest up and will then go into training 
for bicycle races. He expects to make his first appearance at the Boston 
meet. May 30. He says that he will not do any road racing this year. 



Hill Climbing in Colorado. 
Sidewalk Hill at Golden, Colo., is one that the average rider cannot 
climb. It has been the scene of many attempts at record breaking. Mr. 
H. C. Kennedy was the first man to climb the hill, which was some years 
ago, on an ordinary. Someone afterwards broke his record. Mr. Kennedy 
retaliated by setting the record at five times on the G. O. O. No one has 
ever attempted to break this last. Mr. Louis Block, of Denver, about a 
year and a half ago, rode the hill six times on a safety and claimed the 
record but did not hold it long as Kennedy immediately declared that he 
would double any record made and thereupon proceeded to Golden and 
rode the hill twelve times. Not long after this, Sutton, of the now defunct 
Social Wheel Club, rode it fourteen times, thus breaking Kennedy's record 
of twelve. This was considered by most people to be wonderful and a 
standing record. Kennedy, however, still said that he would be as good 
as his word in regard to doubling any record, and on November 14, '91, a 
run was called to Golden by the Ramblers, and Mr. Kennedy "bucked" 
the hill and although there was a light snow on the walk, did as he said 
and doubled the second by riding it twenty -eight times without a dismount, 
stop or assistance of any kind and only stopped then because he had done 
all he wanted to. No one has ever had the "nerve" to ride against that 
record since. Kennedy rode a ladies' cushion tired forty-five pound wheel, 
geared to 56; time, 40:52. Mr. Robt. Gerwing and W. J. Jamieson were 
timers. The distance in all was about five miles. 



Campbell Suspended. 

W. S. Campbell has been suspended from the L. A. W. for entering 
the championships at Washington, D. C. He was not a member of the 
League at that time and had no right to enter the race. 



The Lincoln's Plans. 
Always original, the Lincoln C. C. has hit upon a scheme that ought 
to be a great success. It is no more or less than a country club house. 
This plan was proposed some time ago and the real estate men in the club 
were put upon a committee to pick out such a place. Twin Lakes is 
thought favorably of and in all probability the Lincolns will secure a 
cottage at that summer resert and furnish it. Members may spend their 
vacations there. It is within easy riding distance of Chicago and a trip 
out there on a Saturday afternoon, returning Sunday, will be one of the 
features of the Lincoln C. C. this year. Captain Slusser says that he will 
do away with club runs this year as he has a substitute for them which, he 
says, will please everyone and make country riding a pleasure. What it is 
he is not yet ready to say. 



Cyclists to Act as Horses. 
It is stated on good authority that a well known photographer and a re- 
porter on a local daily have wagered $1,000 with a prominent business man 
of this city that they can ride bicycles to Chicago drawing at the sarne 
time a carriage containing one occupant, the distance to be covered in 
thirty days, says the Albany (N. Y.) Knickerbocker. The size of the car- 
riage and the occupant to ride in the same over the long journey has been 
referred to a committee of three friends of the interested parties. In order 
to complete the trip in the above named time it would be necessary for the 
bicyclists to make thirty-three miles each day. The matter is causing con- 
siderable comments in bicycle circles, and the outcome of the trip, which 
is set down for the last month in spring or the first in summer, is eagerly 
looked forward to. 

Stopped a Runaway. 

In Dallas, Texas, the other day, Mr. T. M. Reinhart, while riding up 
one of the principal streets, saw a runaway horse turn the corner a few feet 
ahead of him. Mr. Reinhart immediately gave chase and after an excit- 
ing race succeeded in overhauling the runaway. Cautiously riding up to 
the side of the vehicle, he secured the lines and got the horse under 
control. 



Refused a Sanction by the A. A. U. 
The 65th Regiment Athletic Association, of Bufifalo, announced an 
athletic carnival for next Saturday night. This is one of the clubs which 
withdrew from the A. A. U. and when the association applied for a sanc- 



tion it was refused. When Chairman Raymond was asked to sanction the 
cycle races he replied that if the other games were held on the same night 
he could not unless the A. A. U. sanction was obtained. To get around this 
the regiment will give bicycle races next Saturday night and an athletic 
meeting the following Saturday. 



Kind Words From Germany. 
Der Deutsche Radfahrer of January 28, says: The Christmas number 
of The Bearings, Chicago, is the most elaborately executed special 
edition in the way of sporting literature that has yet come to hand. 
Imagine a thick number in large quarto with a very tasty cover in gold 
an exhibition of text and advertisements in elaborate display, with 
reading matter of such sterling worth that, without being able to more 
than mention the rich contents one must say that this Christmas number 
is "the smartest bit of literature" that can be produced, and that it is clear 
that The Bearings is really the "cycling authority of America." 



The Vienna Road Race. 
Whether the race from Vienna to Berlin shall be open to any German 
or Austrian amateur, be he a member of a recognized club or not, is a 
question now under discussion in the old country. The start being made 
at Vienna and the finish at Berlin, it is the intention to celebrate the event 
on a grand scale at the German capital. A committee, consisting of promi- 
nent Berlin cyclists, has already begun to collect funds for the race and 
celebration. 



A New Style of Road Racing. 
The Catford Cycling Club, of England, will introduce a new style of 
road racing by instituting monthly time competitions on sealed handicap 
principles. Wheeling says: A fixed route will be selected, entries 
received up to the end of a given date, when a sealed handicap will be 
framed. The competition will commence on the first of the following 
month, and extend to the end. Entrants may compete at any time (Sun- 
days excepted), and as often as they choose during the month (according 
to regulations). At the end of the month each competitor shall send in 
his claim and proofs of his best performance. The sealed handicap will 
then be opened, positions ascertained, and prizes awarded. 



Press AcGDmmodations at French Races. 
The French correspondent of Wheeling in writing of French tracks 
and racing men, says : " While on the subject of the Velodrome d'Hiver, 
I think 1 ought to mention a few words on a claim which has been made to 
the directors by the members of the cycling press, one and all, viz., that 
the enclosure reserved for the press (which exactly resembles a stall at a 
cattle show) be placed in a better position, so that one may at least be able 
to witness the finish in a close race, and also put a couple of boards along 
the front to form a kind of desk, so that those who wish to scribble a few 
notes may do so without being obliged to use another man's back or 
shoulder as a table ; and last, but not least, that we should be allowed to 
have one of the large brasiers brought a little closer, so as not to be abso- 
lutely frozen in that enormous glass palace as we have been lately. Le 
Velo, Le Veloce Sport, Le Cycle, La Bicyclette, and, in fact, all the cycling 
papers have cried aloud about this during the past month, but up to the 
present our prayers do not seem to have reached the all-powerful directors' 
ears. Surely this might be done at the expense of a few francs." 



Pasadena, Cal., is about to organize a bicycle club. 

A Stockholm wheel woman rides in a man's clothes. 

Moonlight runs are becoming popular in San Antonio, Tex. 

Allen and Sachtleben were in Tucson, Arizona, on February 14. 

France has one cyclist to every 133 inhabitants, Belgium one to 200, 
and England one to 95. 

"Good roads are not like great men; they are not born. They must be 
made." — British Sport. 

The English street Arabs pick up an occasional penny by pumping up 
deflated tires for weary wheelmen. 

The Arlington Wheelmen, of Washington, have a dog named Lo, 
which follows them on all club runs. 

Prussian road authorities have mounted their inspectors on cycles. 
The cyclists of the country count on this to improve the roads greatly. 

Louis Tuffly, four years old, is the youngest cyclist in Houston, Tex., 
and for his age is doubtless one of the best child riders in the United 
States. 

Sandusky (O.) cyclists are enjoying winter riding on Saginaw Bay. 
Runs are held on the ice, and recently two wheelmen rode eighteen miles ■ 
in 1:13:00 on the bay. 

A fund is being raised by English cyclists to defend Albert Moat, who 
ran into an old lady, injuring her so that she died the next day. He has 
been indicted for manslaughter. 

The Garden City Cyclers, of Santa Clara, Cal., gave a burlesque enter- 
tainment last week, arranged by W. F. Cosgrove and entitled " The Austra- 
lian Boomerang Throwers." The affair was a success, over Jioo being 
cleared. 

Henry Sturmey's Cyclist Annual and Year Book has just been received 
on this side of the water. It is an interesting volume, containing records, 
resume of English cycling in 1892, race winners of '92, road records past 
and present, short sketches of men of the year, foreign tariff, a com- 
plete analysis of the Stanley Show and a lot of other readable matter. 



THE BEARlNaS. 



AN ELEVATED CYCLE PATH. 

An Exposition of a Minneapolis Man's Invention. 

"Heigb! Hoi' up"— br-r-r-flop! 

"Dammit, old man, can't you keep to your side?" 

It happened in the year 1900. "Wobbles, ]t., had been violating one of 
the strictest rules of cycling hygiene and, returning home late at night 
via the Cyclists' Elevated Road, had carelessly meandered onto the wrong 
side of the path and collided with a rider coming in the opposite direction. 

This elevated road, in the construction of which tricyclists were 
ignored, purposely or by accident, was invented early in 1893 by Mr. 
Arthur T. Page, who was then a draughtman in Minneapolis but who is 
now living in confortable retirement as the result of his far-sightedness. 

As shown by the drawings, the elaborate cycle course is constructed 
upon pillars about fifteen feet high. The flooring is of strong webbed wire 
and the sides, open in summer, are sufficiently closed against the wintry 
elements. The course was not intended to woo the cycler away from the 
fine country or city roadways of today, but rather to facilitate the progress 
of a great army of riders who now use the wheel in going to and from their 
daily labors. 

Under the floor of the course is a conduit in which are placed wires 
-which carry electricity for telegraphic, t-lephonic, heating and lighting 



OPINIONS ON PHYSICAL EXERCISE. 

Mr. Charles Ritch Johnson, a widely known writer of Toledo, C, has 
published a series of articles in the Chicago Printer which will be reprinted 
in this paper, in installments. Mr. Johnson opens the series as follows: 

The means which men and women of distinction, especially those in 
callings supposed to be conducive to the best methods of living in all 
respects, take to preserve their health must have perennial interest. Upon 
hardly any other topic having to do with personal health and vigor is there 
greater diversity of theory and practice than in the matter of exercise; 
and I am coufident that my readers will be greatly interested in the 
opinions and statements which follow in regard to physical training, and 
if wise they will as greatly profit by them. The letters have been received, 
as the signatures indicate, from twenty-one well known newspaper men 
and women of the United States. I cordially commend them, one and all, 
to the "gentle reader's" attention and kindliest regard: 

Editor Detroit Sunday News: — Best methods of taking physical exer- 
cise: Men, saw wood. Women, grease the saw. 

JUDSON Grenei,!,. 

Editor Printer's Ink, New York: — As a suburban resident, my principal 
exercise consists in running for the train. Eor further particulars, see 
almost any one of the humorous papers. John Irving Romer. 

Syndicate Writer, New York: — I have only a few rules. Take plenty 
of sleep, plenty of water, and plenty of good nourishing food, and walk all 






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purposes. At the various stations are placed electric switches from which 
cycle-lamp batteries can be charged, while pneumatic tires are inflated by 
electrically operated pumps which are placed in the stations. 

In many cases the floors of these courses are laid upon the roofs of 
electric elevated railway passages which are considerably more condensed 
and adapted to high speed than the systems in vogue in 1895 and for some 
time afterward. 

These sketches, which were taken from the original drawings used by 
the inventor in securing his patents, are somewhat crude when compared 
with the actual structures of today, but they are all the more interesting. 



An Appropriate Cartoon. 
In the last issue of Bicycling News is an interesting cartoon, " The 
"Vanished Hope. " The denial of the Prince of Wales that he is about to 
become a cyclist is printed and H. R. H. is represented as riding a wheel 
and suffering from a punctured tire, refusing to have anything to do with 
the trade and holding his ears while the cycling papers are being presented 
to him. In the lasit sketch the Bi. News, Cyclist, Radfahr-Humor and 
Cycling are on the floor, Bi-World in the waste paper basket and Uncle 
Sam handing the prince a copy of The Bearings. 



At the Show. 
"Father, do buy me that bicycle." " I'm afraid I can't afford it, Williet 
Look at the price. Why its nearly as much as I pay for your schooling ! " 
" Well, father, give me the bicycle and then if you can't afford to send me 
to school as well, I won't mind." — Radfahr-Humor. 



I can. I have never gone in for athletics of any kind, as I have no time, 
but I walk a good deal. Edith Sessions Tupper. 

The News, Joliet, 111.: — I really could not answer in an intelligent 
manner your circular concerning physical exercise. I am one of the matiy 
thousand who thoroughly believe in physical exercise, but take most of it 
by proxy, as I am too busy (or think I am), to take my reg^ular exercise. 

F. H. IlAtL. 

Editor The "Voice, New York: — I have a self-acting gymnasium which 
wakes me up early each morning, kneads me all over before rising, gives 
exercise to every muscle and vigorous action to the lungs, and compels 
me, no matter how stupid or lazy I may be, to set the blood in rapid circu- 
lation. Weight, thirty-eight pounds; age, three years. This is about the 
only training I take or need. No other "tonic" required. 

E. T. WHEEtER. 

Editor the Cosmopolitan, New York, N. Y.: — As the subject of health 
must be always one of the greatest interest, I am very glad to reply to the 
request conveyed in your favor. It may be reduced, it seems to me, to a 
very few simple principles; first, abstentions from undue drains upon the 
nervous system, either by too great anxiety, by overwork, or by dissipa- 
tion; second, plenty of sleep; third, daily exercise in the open air, prefer- 
ably on foot, and at a gait sufficiently rapid to cause profuse perspiration, 
care being taken to prevent too sudden cooling. I firmly believe that no 
reason exists why a man, unless inheriting serious physical ailments, 
might not live to be one hundred and twenty- five. 

John Brisben Walker. 



THE BEARINGS. 



YOU CAINT BEAT A ROYAL STRAIGHT! 




NEITHER CAN YOU 





Ask anyone who has seen the Fowler how it is made and what it is made of, and they will substantiate our claims. If you 
have any doubts about our claims being absolutely true, call and see for yourself — what more can we offer. (There is no chain tied 
to this invitation.) The Fowler is a diamond of the first water — the brilliancy of skill and workmanship shining forth from every side. 

AGENTS! RIDERS! GET IN LINE! 

Liots more of those great Fowler Catalogues left. Send along your name and addressf and mention this paper and 

you may get a wheel for nothing. 




Hill cycle mfg. co. 

142. 144. 146, 148 W. Washinston Street. 
CHK/IQO. ILL. 



THE BEARINOS. 



MILITARY^YCLING. 

The Bicycle and the National Guard. 

The bicycle is needed in our National Guard as in no other military 
organization in this, or any other country. The province of the state 
troops is more to preserve order within the state's borders, than to resist 
or attack our national enemies of other lands. To curb the wrath of the 
mob is the Guard's chief duty. It is a fact, so well known that it scarcely 
needs repetition here, that most of our domestic uprisings, in which life 
and property are endangered, occur in the larger cities of our country, over 
whose paved streets the wheelman flies at almost lightning speed. The old 
adage of "a stitch in time saves nine," is a good one for the soldier as well 
as the housewife. Two good companies of cyclist soldiers would in all 
probability be of as much benefit to Chicago in case of mob violence as 
both of the regiments of infantry stationed there, because they could be 
on the field of action in time to quell the small uprising before it could 
grow to great proportions. While the infantry man would be moving as 
fast as two legs could carry him — soldiers' legs move in about the same 
cadence as those of civilians— toward the front, the wheelman, on his ever 
ready mount, could be making three miles, or more, to his slow going 
comrade's one, and would arrive in time to quell the disturbance long 
before the infantry commands could reach the field. 

In our military organizations infantry commands are necessary, 
artillery is necessary, cavalry may be necessary, but none of them are of 
more importance than the bicycle. It will not be long before the wheel's 
adaptability is fully recognized by the oflScers of the American army and 
Guard, as it has been by those of foreign countries. 

Used in the Italian Army in '75. 

In remarking upon the now famous run of bicycle couriers from Chi- 
cago to New York, in May, 1892, Major-General Miles, in his annual report 
to the Secretary of War, concludes: "The results obtained prove conclu- 
sively that the bicycle will in future prove to be a most valuable auxiliary 
to military operations, not only for courier service, but also for moving or- 
ganized bodies of men rapidly over the country." Although the bicycle 
has from its invention been more generally used in this country than 
abroad, comments the National Guardsman, it is rather astonishing that 
we have been among the last to regard it as possessing any military value. 
England has experimented with the cycle as a military adjunct for some 
years, and France, Germany and Austria have given the wheel a very con- 
siderable attention, with a result that it is now admittedly an institution of 
most of the European armies. In fact, as long ago as 1875 the Italian 
army, during its field mancEuvers, called the cycle into requisition to con- 
vey dispatches, and a year or two ago Switzerland organized a bicycle corps 
for each division of its small standing army. Belgium has a bicycle school 
attached to most of her regular garrisons, while the aggregate strength of 
the regular and volunteer cycle battalions in Great Britain exceeds 5,000 
officers and men. In the United States the military brigade has developed 
but slowly. The Brooklyn Thirteenth mounted a company several years 
ago, though we believe nothing has ever come of it, and Connecticut and 
the District of Columbia stood pretty much alone in any practical demon- 
stration of the subject. Without entering into any arguments at this time, 
as to the military value of the cycle, which is so generally admitted as to 
render such discussion needless, we desire to call particular attention to a 
review in another column, of two recent works on military cycle tactics. 
The demand for such a work has been increasing for some years, both at 
home and abroad, and it should be a matter of no little pride to us as 
Americans that it has been so satisfactorily met by one of our o vn Guards- 
men. This is not the first time that the National Guard has found itself 
indebted to Gen. Ordway,and we trust it may not be the last. 



ABOUT SANGER. 



According to the Wheel, W. C. Sanger is the next American flier to 
gather English laurels. He has been known to reel off miles in 2:10 
without pacemakers, and is said to be a much hardier plant than the 
hitherto invincible Zimmie. We fancy, however, that the N. C. U. will 
want to know something about the $500 on deposit at Chicago for Zimmer- 
man, which Mr. Sanger is said to have put down. We wonder if he owns 
any relationship to our own L,ord George, of circus fame. — The Cyclist. 

Challenging Zimmerman is the manner in which W. Sanger has made 
a reputation. The reports that he will come to England as a companion 
or colleague of the "Jersey Skeeter" are untrue. — Bi. News. 

The plot thickens. As we have said, W. C. Sanger is determined to 
come and fight for our championships, and now we hear, with "a sigh and 
a tear in the eye," that the "Milwaukee wonder" has been seen to reel off 
mile in 2:10, without pacemakers, — British Sport. 

It is stated on the best authority that Walter Sanger will cross the 
Atlantic this summer, with a view to the annexation of a few English 
championships. In America he is considered little, if anything, inferior to 
Zimmerman. His friends say that the change of climate is not at all 
likely to affect him, as his constitution is hardier than Zimmerman's. — 
Irish Cyclist. 

The Kings County Wheelmen's Announcer for February contains a 
well-written article by Chairman H. E. Raymond and also announces the 
marriage of W. S. Campbell to Miss Katherine Gordon, sister-in-law of 
Harry J. Hall, Jr. Editor Whymper is making a decided success of this 
paper. 

D. L,. Burke, in a recent trial at Los Angeles, Cal., rode a mile in 2:26 
over a flat, four lap track. 

"Our worthy mayor tried a bicycle yesterday." — Ex. It is hoped that 
the bicycle was not found guilty of any misdemeanor so that he had to 
bind it over. 

When theatre troupes travel on bicycles they have a good deal of 
scenery — as they go along. 



LACK OF ORGANIZATION IN FRANCE. 

Albert G. Roux is still in Paris and is sending interesting letters to 
friends in this country on the condition of cycling in France. In a per- 
sonal letter to a Chicago cyclist he says: " Cycling here is certainly still 
in a very crude state, owing chiefly, in my opinion, to the lack of federative 
sense of our wheelmen, who have much to learn in that respect from your 
country. There is quite a hindrance to the formation of large clubs here, 
embodying men of influence and enterprise, and that is the greater scarcity 
of reasonably paid young men in France than is found in America. I 
think I may say safely that the great majority of young men here hardly 
earn salaries averaging over $35 a month, and, although the cost of life is 
certainly lower than in America, still they find it next to impossible to 
spend for club life and its advantages the same amount in proportion as 
young men would in your cities. This, of course, places out of their reach 
most of the pleasant features of American club life, and keeps many influ- 
ential men from joining what they generally consider to be a boyish affair, 
incapable of taking any well defined line of action respecting matters of 
general interest to the sport. 

"There seems, however, to be a change for the better since attention 
has been called by the cycling press to the methods used in England and 
the United States, and you may have noticed the fact of our wheelmen cir- 
culating a petition with a view of obtaining a reduction of the proposed 
tax of ten francs on bicycles, to five francs, and the affectation thereof to 
the improvement of roads. The idea of this petition would have been 
thought preposterous a few months ago, and this is what I meatit by the 
lack of federative sense of our young men. They may have individually 
very bright ideas, but do not generally realize that by coming together to 
study a diSiculty, they have at least a chance of seeing some of these good 
ideas brought to light and turned to advantage. It is to be hoped that 
comparison with foreign methods may wake them up to a sentiment of the 
possibilities a body of reasonable men working with the same aim may 
open to our sport, and enable them to take measures such as to prevent the 
recurrence of disastrous results such as those of the late international 
championship congress in London", when the non-recognition of our cham- 
pions was due more to the lack of organization of French wheelmen than 
to any other cause." 

AN OLD-TIMER. 




HENRY TATE. 



Yes, over ten years ago when I first mounted my forty-eight inch Col- 
umbia with what relish the daily spins were enjoyed ! How a possessor of 
the then so-called "iron horse" was envied ! Then, whoever ventured on 
a trip of over twenty miles in one day thought it was his duty to have it 
chronicled far and near by some paper as an 
exploit worthy of note. Then, Karl Kron, in 
his multiplicity of words, penned many a line 
enjoyed by the devotees. Then, the highest 
perched and the most conspicuously dressed 
rider was the most admired by the lassies. 
Then, we thought our wheel perfection; to take 
a header was only a source of amusement to our 
fellow wheelmen, and alarm to our elders. 

Memories of those days are dear to me. I 
remember when, upon the bridge of ice, I 
wheeled thirty miles through the Highlands 
of the Hudson. Then again, when under sum- 
mer skies, I tackeled the rough west shore of 
the same renowned river and on my journey 
pushed my wheel above the clouds on the ele- 
vated heights of Storm King. I might con- 
tinue to recall many pleasant recollections of 
those days, but I will allow my thoughts to ad- 
advance a number of years, and "Now" will be 
my theme. Now ! Why, what do you think ? Goodness gracious ! the 
women are riding bicycles, and how it does improve them ! Have you not 
noticed the increased sparkle of their eyes, and the peach bloom in all its 
beauty, adorning their girlish cheeks after an animated spin? Yes, you 
have, and this is all the effects of the safeties, first scorned by us old boys, 
who then thought some old men might buy and ride them, but for them to 
become popular — never ! How we were mistaken ! In a few years more 
our bikes of fifty odd inches will be relegated to the museums of antiqui- 
ties, and how ubiquitous the new comers of low design are ! And how 
speedy ! 

Horses are no longer the swiftest occupants of the race course, and the 
world has been encircled by the touch of the pneumatic tire. Yet, for all 
this, there is a certain feeling akin to love, which veterans have for the 
wheels we rode when our years were younger, and the excitement that was 
produced by our elevated position, when lifting our hats to our best girls, 
or the precaution necessary when trying to shun a rut. These are of the 
past, and of the present our greeting is "all hail," and may improvements 
continue "a la" wheel until the time comes when a dream of the writer's 
will be realized — that in mounting hills the brake will have to be applied 
to decrease our momentum. 

Peekskill, N. Y. Henry TaTE. 

A BI T OF FUN. 
Nonentity. 
"What kind of a figure does Featherly cut in bicycle circles ? " 
"One of these round figures. O." ' 

So She Fell. 
She (riding up on wheel). — Hand me down? 
He (looking at his clothes) — No! thank your impudence. 



It may truly be said of the cycling novice that he leaves no stone 
unturned in his efforts to become proficient. 

Wabbles, who now fancies himself something of a racing man, left in 
high dudgeon the other night when Arabella said he was a slow goer. She 
was looking at the clock. 



THE BEARINGS. 



A POSTAL TO ONE OF OUR AGENTS PROM 

" FEET ABOVE THE EARTH!" 



London, January 2j, 18 g^. 
(Dear Frank: 

I am now on the Tower at Crystal (Palace^ 220 feet 
above the earth. The (Palace is a wonder, and the Cycle Ex- 
hibit is simply immense. 



.-pTL wheels are right to the front. 




I never expect to see anything to equal this (Palace and Cycle 
Show, unless it be the World's Fair at Chicago. 

Yours truly, Albert. 

Have seen London and Cycle Show — "am ready to die." 



You ought to know the ^IJJgZ[|p^ is made by the COVENTRY MACHINISTS' CO, Limited. 



They have branch houses at CHICAGO, BOSTON, SAN FRANCISCO, and Agents in 
almost every town in the States. 



If you want to know where you can buy a ■^v3IB5^ why, drop a line and ask. 



iNTIOn THE BEARINGS 



THE MOST SATISFACTORY 
AND COMPLETE LINE 
OF .-. .-. •.• .-. .-. .-. 



Bicycles in America. 



THE WESTERN WHEEL WORKS 19 PATTERNS 



OE SAFETIES IN CUSHION AND PNEUMATIC TIRES. 

The line embraces 20, 24, 26, 28 and 30 inch wlieels, thus meeting the requirements of all sizes of riders from a 
5 year old boy or girl up to a 250 pound lady or gentleman rider. THEY ARE SO POPULAR, SO WELL KNOWN, 
and meet with such ready sale that no dealer's or agent's stock is complete without them. We are the Largest 
Jobbers and absolutely headquarters for these goods in the West, and GUARANTEE BOTTOM PRICES to the 
trade. Many of the largest jobbers in our territory have placed their orders with us for '93. We would be glad 
to hear from others. We are manufacturers of SYLPH, RUDGE, AND OVERLAND Cycles in 18 patterns, also 
offer the largest line of BARGAINS in new machines to be found in the United States. We invite correspondence 
from dealers everywhere and assure them we have exceptional facilities for taking care of their trade and a 
Superior Line to select from. AGENTS WANTED. 

ROUSE, HAZARD & CO., 142 G Street, Peoria, 111. 

MrwTON TmF BcaRtNG^ 




RIGID AND 
SPRING FRAME 



^sTvI^h: 



MODELS A, B and D. 



SYLPH CYCLES 



RUN EASY. 
STAND UP WELL. 
WEAR WELL. 



FOR AN EASY RIDER, 
FOR GENUINE PLEASURE, 
FOR GREATEST COMFORT, 



SYLPH SPRING FRAMES 
are BEST. 




SCORCHERS 



WANT OUR MODEL D. 
IT WEIGHS 30 POUNDS. 
THE MODEL IS PERFECT. 
IS VERY RIGID-RELIABLE. 



MODEL 



SYLPH." 



Our Spring Frame Safeties give their riders more genuine pleasure and comfort — more complete satis- 
faction than any other cycle on the market to-day. Those who ride them say so, others that try them 
will say so. We invite you to investigate. Send for catalogue. Good Agents Wanted Everywhere. 

rouse:'Durye;a cycu^ z^., \az g stre:e:t, p^oria. ill. 

F. L. DOUGLAS CYCLE CO., 284-286 Wabash Ave. - Chicago Agents 

MENTION THC BCANINQS. 



THE BEARINGS. 




AN ADMIRER OF THE BEARINGS. 
Wheji E. C. Stearns & Co., Syracuse, N. Y., receive an inquiry for 
the Stearns they send a return postal, asking the party to advise them which 
paper he saw their advertisement in. Among the replies mentioning 'iuv. 
Bearings was one from W. A. Parker, Toledo, C, who said: ''The 
information received of your bicycles zvas gained from your advertisement 
in the only cycling paper on earth — The Bearings." 



DOWN GOES THE PRICE. 

The Indiana Bicycle Company Materially Reduce Their List Price. 

As far as the dealers' pocket is concerned, if there is any difference be- 
tween a high list price with a big discount and a low list price with low 
discount, the latter is perhaps preferable with reference to wheels which 
are sellers. The Indiana Bicycle Co. has not taken The Bearings into 
their confidence and revealed their discounts, but they do authorize the 
announcement that the list price of their high grade wheel — the Waverly 
Scorcher — will hereafter be fioo instead of $150. 

This wheel which has only been on the market a short time is already 
a rapid seller and is sure to be very generally known as soon as the fine 
corps of traveling men whom Mr. Smith has secured can thoroughly cover 
their territories. The present price— $150 — has been only temporary as the 
reduction has been contemplated since the machine was first produced. A 
cut of the wheel is shown in the company's advertisement. It is of the 
Humber type, having 28 inch wheels, Credenda tubing, frame and dust 
proof bearings. It is finely enameled and nickeled on copper. 

A 24 by 26 inch copy of this machine will be sold in two styles at $60 
and $80 respectively. The company state that over one thousand Scorch- 
ers have been sold on the basis of the I150 list price and that these con- 
tracts will be rewritten at the new figure. They expect to manufacture and 
market 25,000 this season. This estimate does not seem extravagant when 
compared with the company's 1892 output. Its advertisement next week 
will contain prices and full specifications. 

Just how this action on the part of the big Indianapolis concern will 
afifect the prices of other standard goods remains to be seen. 



CHICAGO TRA DE N OT CROWDED 

Although Two Factories Want to Sell out. — Brown Bros, to Dispose of Their 

Plant. 



Chicago is a wonderful city. She has manufactories of all sorts and to 
an outsider it would appear that with all her boasted energy and business 
enterprise the World's Fair city could not stand many more. But 
this is not so; Chicago is able to accommodate all she has got and more too. 
There are at present over a dozen well known bicycle factories in the city, 
and yet several more are being started. No fear of glutting the market 
seems to dampen the ardor of these new comers and each and all of them 
claim to have bright prospects. With a view to determining the question 
as to whether Chicago could stand any more cycle factories or not a Bear- 
ings representative made a tour of the various places. From several ad- 
vertisements in a Sunday paper, ofiering to sell a bicycle plant the writer 
thought that it might be so, but before he had finished his investigations 
he concluded that Chicago was fully able to hold her own. 

Upon looking up the advertisers it was found that they did not want 
to sell out because of prospective failure, but because of other business that 
interfered with cycle making. One of the "ads" was put in by James R. 
Lane, a real estate dealer in the Chamber of Commerce building. Mr. 
Lane has been running a bicycle factory since November i, and not many 
knew of it. He has a plant in the Warren Springer building on Canal 
street near Jackson, and has about 100 machines ready for assembling. 
About fifteen men are employed in the factory and a high grade wheel is 
turned out. It is a diamond frame and looks something like the Union P. 
D. O., only it has a longer wheel base. Mr. Lane said that he thought that 
there was money to be made in the bicycle business and for that reason he 
had started in. The wheel was designed by H. L. Bailey, his manager, 
and is made of fine material. Mr. Lane says that his real estate business has 
assumed such proportions that he cannot divide his time between the two 
and therefore advertised. He is willing to sell outright or organize a 
stock company. He has quite an extensive plant, valued at |i5,ooo. 

Brown Bros. Mfg. Co., makers of the Greyhound, want to sell out also. 
Mr. Brown said that he did not advertise but had several ofifers under con- 



sideration. The plant belongs to an estate that is being settled and in 
order to do this they will sell. "We only made about $3,000 last year," 
said one of the members of the firm. "The real truth is we are getting 
rich too fast. We want to sell out and I have received several offers. C. 
F. Rice wants to handle our output but other parties are bargaining for 
the entire plant which I value at about $18,000. I think that the matter 
will be decided in about a week. If we do not sell we will only turn out 
about 500 Greyhounds this year. We only employ six or seven men in our 
plant; the bicycle business being but a side line. We make a good many 
models for inventors and are now making an electrical tricycle and a 
compressed air vehicle. We will still continue our repair shop, even if we 
do sell." 



BRETZ & CURT IS SUED. 

Garford Mfg. Co. Claim That Their Patents are Being Infringed Upon. — 
Other Saddle Makers Involved. 
Philadelphia, February 22. — Counsel for the Garford Mfg. Co., of Elyria, 
filed a request here on Tuesday for an injunction against Bretz & Curtis, 
with a view to preventing their further manufacture of saddles. The 
plaintiff alleges that his patents of 1888 and 1890 are used. The principal 
alleged infringment lies in using the coil spring under the saddle pommel. 
Mr. Curtis said today that he fully believed in his ability to defeat Mr. 
Garford. He said that he had been talking of a combined defense by all 
saddle makers but concluded to fight Garford alone. This suit has been 
on for some time and other makers are also being sued, but Curtis is the 
first to be served with an injunction notice. The result will be important 
to the saddle industry. 



AT CHICAGO FACTORIES. 



Chicago has been said to be the Coventry of America by English trades- 
men who have visited America, and a visit to the numerous works would 
seem to bear out this statement. Every manufacturer in the World's Fair 
City is turning out as many '93 wheels as the size of his plant allows him. 
Encouraging reports come from every quarter and Chicago will turn out 
an immense number of bicycles this year. Extra help is being put on at 
one factory and at another the men are worked day and night. 
Output Nearly Sold. 

Manager Frank T. Fowler, of the Hill Cycle Mfg. Co., at 142 west 
Washington street, reports that their output for this year is nearly disposed 
of and that the outlook is bright indeed. For the second time he has had 
to increase his force and has put in considerable new machinery. Over 
175 Fowlers have been sent out and 350 are now in stock awaiting ship- 
ment. E. C. Bode, their traveling representative, has returned after doing 
a remarkable business, disposing of 450 wheels in the west. The S. F. 
Heath Cycle Co., Minneapolis, sent in their order for 100 wheels recently. 
The Monarch's Large Force. 

Three hundred and twenty people are working for the Monarch Cycle 
Co. and after March i fifty machines a day will be turned out by this enter- 
prising firm. Only 1,000 wheels were turned out last year; this year be- 
tween 5,000 and 6,000 will represent the output and nearly fifty per cent of 
these have been contracted for. Manager Richardson says that Mannes- 
mann tubing is used in the Monarch, and showed The Bearings repre- 
sentative the head of a light roadster that had been drilled out of a drop 
forging. Only thirty-five '92 machines were leftover. 
Works Night and Day. 

The Derby Cycle Co. are highly elated over the success of their '93 
machines. Mr. Pease says that the factory is running night and day and 
the workmen are having hard work to turn out enough wheels to fill the 
orders received. The new ladies' wheel is attracting considerable atten- 
tion. It is a beauty and Mr. Pease is authority for the statement that 
the Derby Company cannot turn out enough of them to fill the orders for 
immediate shipment. 

Delayed by the Fire. 

Although the factory of the March-Davis Cycle Co. was gutted by fire 
recently the young company are once more upon their feet and are turning 
out wheels at 100 north Clinton street, as fast as is possible under the cir- 
cumstances. They will not make as many machines as they first intended 
to, but will fill all contracts. G. M. Davis, of G. M. Davis & Co., makers 
of steam specialties, is now treasurer of this company, S. J. Crafts, the 
former incumbent, having resigned. 

Bright Prospects for the Flyer. 

H. J. Winn, president of the Illinois Cycle Works, has turned out 
about 150 Flyers so far this year. He has been on the road for some time 
and has placed a greater part of his output. Mr. Winn is much pleased 
with the Isabelle, the ladies' wheel. He is making an extra light machine, 
which weighs but 32 pounds, all on. A Chicago manufacturer has ordered 
a 25 pound Isabelle for his wife, who rode several centuries with him last 
year. The machine will have a rear mud guard only and have rat trap 
pedals. 

Western Wheel Works Busy. 

It takes some time to make 35,000 bicycles and consequently the 
Western Wheel Works have their hands full. These figures represent their 
proposed output and a full force is now working on it. The manager re- 
ports prospects good. A slight change will be made in one of their wheels. 
Nineteen different patterns are turned out by them. 

The Kenwood. 

Mr. Frank Douglas, of the Kenwood Mfg. Co., is sawing wood and not 
saying much. He is highly pleased with '93 prospects and thinks that the 
Kenwood is one of the best wheels on the market. 



THE BEARINGS. 



:^WW?W!!?WW!WW!???WWWWW|4 




Nec2ssary to replace an inner tube in a Victor Pneumatic tire. You 
generally have them with you. If you are to pay for a high grade 
bicycle why not have one with two inch tires (not i^-inch) tires, made 
so you can replace the inner tube through a hole in the rim ? It is the 
only best way, and you are entitled to the best when you pay $150. 

Have you seen the Victor catalog ? It is about like Victor bicy- 
cles—on top. 



OVERMAN WHEEL CO. 



BOSTON. WASHINGTON. 



DENVER. SAN FRANCISCO- 



r^uiUiuuiaiuuuiaiUiiuuiauiiuaiiu 



IMCNTION The BcaringSo 



THE BEARINGS. 



Tire Trade Active. 
At the Gormully & Jeffery Mfg. Co.'s factory the tire business is 
occupying a great deal of attention. The great volume of orders that are 
pouring in upon the Gormully & Jeffery Mfg. Co., would indicate that this 
reliable pneumatic is holding its own, notwithstanding the number of new 
tires put upon the market. It is a noticeable fact that those very people 
whose only objection to the G. & J. pneumatic tire was the corrugated 
tread now insist upon having nothing but the corrugated tread. These 
tires are now made with either smooth or corrugated surface, but the per- 
centage of smooth-surface tires ordered is very small. The fact that the 
G. & J. pneumatic tire will not fall off when deflated makes it one of the 
leaders among detachable pneumatics. 

Sieg Will Retail Imperials. 
A deal has been consummated between the Ames & Frost Co. and the 
Charles H. Sieg Mfg. Co., for looo Imperials for sale in Chicago alone, for 
1893. This latter house retailed 600 Imperial wheels during 1892. 



A One Pound Beauty. 
A one pound saddle is one of the features of the Kenwood. It is 

adjustable laterally and 
is certainly a handsome 
affair. It is sold with the 
machine only. 




Recent Patents. 
The following patents 
have been issued by the 
patent office at Washing- 
ton: An automatic inflat- 
ing device for rubber t?res, 
R. M. Keating, Spring- 
field, Mass.; a tilting seat for bicycles, W. R. Mercer, Terre Haute, Ind.; 
a pneumatic tire, Willard A. Warren, Buffalo; a cyclometer, Elwin J. 
Merry, Magog, Canada; a trouser protector, R. T. Matheson, Brooklyn; 
a wheel hub, James S. Cooeland, Hartford, Conn.; a ball bearing, Sterling 
Elliott. 



The Michigan Wheel Company Joins the Trust. 
The Michigan Wheel Co., at Lansing, Mich., agreed not to make cer- 
tain grades of carriage wheels for a year, the consideration being $5,000. 
This means that they have joined the trust. In the meantime they will 
turn their attention to the manufacture of bicycles and pneumatic tired 
sulky wheels. The cycle has a diamond frame, pneumatic tires, hickory 
spokes and sells for $125. 

"Raleighs" and "American Raleighs." 
Manager McDonald, of the Raleigh Cycle Co., writes that his people 
are much concerned regarding the leport that a wheel to be called the 
American Raleigh is to be manufactured in the Chicago factory recently 
purchased by Pittsburg parties. Mr. McDonald states that his company 
has taken steps to resent any infringement upon its rights to the name 
"Raleigh" and at his request The Bearings is pleased to give the matter 
full publicity. 



Adjustable Toe Clips. 
Handsomely nickel plated and fitted with adjustable slots the toe 
clips manufactured by the H. & W. Adjustable Toe Clip Co., Maiden, 
Mass., are about the neatest seen this year. They are light, weighing but 
two and one-fourth ounces. The toe clips are fully worth the price asked 
— |i.oo. The A. O. Very Cvcle Co., Boston, handles them. 



Zephyrs From the South. 
For several years the new South has been reaching out for northern 
capital and industries, and among the things to be wished for she is 
pleased to include cycle manufacture, if rumor be true. It is said that both 
Memphis and Atlanta would like to acquire cycle factories. Whether the 
acquisition would be profitable is a very debatable question. It is also 
said by a Chicago manufacturer that there is a desire among some southern 
dealers that wheels sold by them shall bear names of their own choosing. 
True ? Who knows. 



Won by a Chicago Man. 

The $200 cash prize ofiered by the Mcintosh-Huntington Co., Cleve- 
land, for the best advertising scheme, has been awarded to Mr. Wheatley, 
817 Chamber of Commerce, Chicago. Over 25,000 ideas were received. 
Mr. Wheatley submitted a border to go around advertisements in the shape 
of a bicycle wheel representing the sun. 



Will Handle the iEolus. 
The ^olus Cycle Importing Co. will handle Bown's ,53olus agency in 
Chicago. K. Franklyn Peterson and Charles E. Salter are in charge and 
will be glad to show the ^Eilus to anyone at room 527 Girdea City block, 
corner of Randolph street and P'ifth avenue. 

Chicago Association Incorporated. 
R. D. Garden, F. L. Douglas and Charles F. Stokes incorporated the 
Cycle Board of Trade of Chicago, at Springfield, last Monday. 

Cost of Night Work. 
Mr. Fowler, of the Hill Cycle Co. states that night work is undesirable, 
particularly for the reason that it costs one-half more than day work and 
nets about one-third less in production. 



TEXAS T RAD E NOTES. 

Dallas. 
Last season there was more activity shown in the cycling trade in this 
vicinity than in all previous years, and the season of '93 bids fair to out- 
rival it. Fortunately there is very little old stock on hand among the 
dealers, with but one exception, where an enterprising salesman succeeded 
in unloading a large amount of unsaleable stock on a dealer who had 
failed to acquaint himself with the wants of the Dallas cycling trade. As 
a consequence, when this dealer gets rid of his unsatisfactory stock, 
which he is now dointj at a sacrifice, he will not handle bicycles. L. D. 
Hardy will handle Columbias. The bulk of the cycling business however, 
is handled by Ott & Treiller, who will even carry a much larger stock this 
year than last. Their agencies, already booked, include Ramblers, Victors, 
Credenda, Ariel and the St. Nicholas line. The enterprise of this firm will 
be noted more particularly, when it is known that they have sold since the 
first of the year, three high grade machines per week. 

Waco. 

The cycling trade in Waco has been rather dull since the first of the 
year, due largely from the fact that Mr. W. A. Parker, who has charge of 
the cycling department of Parker Bros., has been absent from the city, at- 
tending the Cycle Show at Philadelphia, and most of the prospective buy- 
ers preferred waiting until his return, knowing that with the facilities 
afforded by the Show Mr. Parker would select a line from which the most 
critical could make a satisfactory choice. Mr. Parker has now returned, 
and announces that his firm has taken the state for the Fowler, and that 
they will make this machine one of their leaders. 

Brenham. 

Brenham bids fair to be well known the coming season in the cycling 
trade. Messrs. A. & H. Harrison have secured the agency for the Ram- 
bler and orders for this popular machine are already beginning to show up 
splendidly. The other lines are well represented. . 

Galveston. 

Although one of the largest cities in the South, and one of the best 
adapted to cycling the cycle trade has never been a very paying business. 
The Columbia and Rambler have always been represented, but that was 
about all that could be said for them, as sales were very slow, until almost 
the middle of last season when trade suddenly became very good. It did 
not last, however, and towards the close of the year matters had dropped 
back to where they were at first. What the prospective buyers had evident- 
ly been waiting for was the advent of light wheels for no sooner had the 
Gormully & JefTery Mfg. Co., who were the first to exhibit their '93 line, 
shown their new styles of wheels than the blood began to move in the veins 
of the Galveston cycle trade and the present season will doubtless be one 
of greatest activity. 

Houston. 

H. D. Spore & Co. still report a good trade in rigid frame Ramblers 
and have sold several of the spring frame variety, this style of wheel still 
being very popular with a certain class of riders who want a wheel for ser- 
vice and comfortable riding. Even the smaller children have the pneu- 
matic fever and one little tot who was getting a Western Wheel Pet was 
not entirely satisfied with ihe cushion thereon and wanted an inflated tire. 
The new firm to handle cycles in Houston, mentioned in the last notes 
from this point, has begun to materialize in the form of the carriage and 
implement house of Stratton & White, who are moving from Fort Worth 
to Houston, and expect to add cycles to their other lines. It is not yet 
known what wheels they will handle. 



Tube Making. 
A new method of making weldless cold-drawn steel tubes, suitable for 
bicycle making and other machine work where strength, lightness, and 
accuracy are required, has been invented by Messrs. Taylor & Challen, 
Birmingham, England, says The Practical Engineer, and is now being 
carried out by the Metallic Tube & Flask Co., Birmingham. The steel 
from which the new tubes are made is of special quality, and is received 
from the steelworks in the form of sheets. Circular flat discs are then cut 
out of the sheets, these discs are pressed into the form of shallow cups, 
which are then pressed successively through dies of decreasing diameter, 
thus reducing the diameter and increasing the length of the cups until the 
flat discs of steel have assumed the form of tubes of the required length. 



Pneumatic Tricycles. 
Before winter came on a Bkarings man met two riders on the South 
Side, mounted on pneumatic tricycles — one a Quadrant, the other a Ken- 
wood. There are three or more of these vehicles used in Chicago. The 
Kenwood Company state that they have sold about half a dozen, while the 
Quadrant people sold about three. Some of the purchases were made by 
non-residents. 

Storage During the Fair. 
It is quite probable that the great pressure of traffic to and from 
Chicago during the Fair will make the carrying of bicycles in baggage cars 
an irksome matter to the railway companies. It has therefore been sug- 
gested that wheelmen ship their machines to the citj' as far ahead of the 
time they expect to arrive themselves as convenient. The storage diffi- 
culty is presented against this plan and it would probably be profitable for 
one or more enterprising people in the trade to open storage rooms and 
advertise them early. 

Cheap Tires. 
It remained for an Englishman to make a pneumatic tire of other 
material than rubber. An inventor named Blandy exhibited a tire at the 
London National Show which was made of a secret fabric called Blandyte. 
It is said that the tires are light, very resilient and air tight and will re- 
sist wear and weather as well as rubber. Another feature of the tires are 
their cheapness. They retail at $3.75 per pair. 



THE BEARINGS. 



HISTORY OF TH E GA RFORD SADDLE. 

Garford saddles have had much to do with the history of comfort in 
cycling, and a few words concerning them will be interesting. Mr. A. L. 
Garford, the inventor, is an old-time rider. At the time this little history 

began he was cashier in 
a bank at Elyria, Ohio. 
He still holds that posi- 
tion and is also a wealthy 
stockholder in the insti- 
tution. He was an en- 
thusiastic rider of the or- 
dinary but yearned, with 
a yearning which many 
of us remember so well, 
for less hardship in the 
saddle. In '86 he pro- 
duced the simple device 
illustrated herewith, and 
of which the present Garford scorcher saddle is practically a counterpart. 
Manufacturers laughed at it. One sarcastically offered to pay the value of 
the patent papers — about $70— for the invention. 

Mr. Garford did not intend getting into the cycle trade in any way, 
but he would not be bluffed. He interested some Elyria people. A few 
saddles were manufactured and gained favor rapidly. In '89 the U spring 
was produced and Parkhurst & Wilkinson, of Chicago, took it up. The 
business has progressed so encouragingly since that Mr. Edwin Oliver, 
from whom this data was obtained, says that it is the largest of its kind in 
the world. He states that two hundred men will be required to fill con- 
tracts during '93. "Mr. Garford" he said recently, "is a wide worker. 
He is director is the Owen Steamship Co., of Chicago, and the Topliff & 
Ely Co., of Elyria, Ohio. He is the owner of sixteen fast horses, one of 
which. Elixir, is expected to develop into a 2:10 trotter." 




Difficult to Puncture. 

By a new system of lacing the tire made for the Western Wheel 

Works, Chicago, the difficulty in removing the air tube has been overcome. 

The tube is laced in two places, the valve being in the center, thereby 

allowing one half to be removed at a time. Another feature of the tire is the 




air tube. In this the ends are folded while the rubber is in a plastic state, 
then clamped down and vulcanized under pressure. To prevent creeping 
a long piece of canvas is vulcanized to each end to assist in replacing the 
tube after it has been removed; another piece is fastened to the tube on 
either side of the valve stem allowing the tube to be laced to the casing. 



Method for Removing Wheels Easily. 
A Swiss inventor exhibited one of his inventions at the Stanley Show. 
The back fork ends of a bicycle instead of being slotted right through, are 
turned over to form hooks thus providing a long slot as usual but with a 
united extremity, having the aperture on the under side close up to the 
butt of the tubes. By this means the wheel can be taken out in an easy 
manner, whilst by dividing one side longitudinally — one half being attached 
to the back stay, the other to the compression tube — the removal of the 
chain is rendered easv. 



Tricycles for Chicago. 
The Quadrant Cycle Co. will sell tricycles this year. There was quite 
a demand for them last season and Manager Pound determined to lay in a 
stock of them this year. He has placed an order for twenty-five pneu- 
matic tired three-wheelers and they are now on their way to America and 
will be in Chicago in about a fortnight. 



AIR; ITS HAR D AN D SOFT SIDE. 

A Chapter on Pneumatic Tires. 

The Geo. R. Bidwell Cycle Co., New York, have prepared a very inter- 
esting pamphlet on this subject. The paper reads as follows: 

"The advent of the safety bicycle proved the salvation of the bicycle 
trade, and the introduction of the pneumatic tire has been of equal impor- 
tance to the cycle industry, bidding fair to become as prominent and im- 
portant in the manufacture of carriages. There is a difference, however, 
in pneumatic tires, and it is with a view of acquainting the public mind 
with the principles of a real pneumatic that we have published this small 
pamphlet. 

"The fundamental purpose of a pneumatic tire is to enable us to ride 
upon air — an attractive and fabcinating idea, because what can be lighter 
or softer than air? The soft and intangible properties of this elusive 
agent, though, depend upon circumstances for their value. Compressed 
air confined in a pneumatic engine can be expelled with force enough from 
a quarter inch nozzle to kill a man instantly. Confined in a tennis ball it 
will rebound forty feet from the ground. It can be as hard as iron or soft- 
er than down. Builders of pneumatic tires should bear tins in mind and 
take their hints from the tennis ball rather than from the pneumatic 
engine The problem then is to successfully confine the air and retain all 
its resiliency. The form of pneumatic tire first introduced into England 
and later into this country was 

A True Pneumatic. 
It contained the maximum amount of air restrained by the minimum 
amount of material. This form of tire, however, was found impracticable, 
and has been superseded by tires of various designs with a view to over- 
coming the defects of the pioneer pneumatic. In almost every instance, 
however, the defects are corrected by the sacrifice of that one feature which 
makes the pneumatic a .success — resilicTicy. 

"A structural combination of rubber and canvas, vulcanized, or solu- 
tioned together and inflated with air, does not constitute a perfect pneu- 
matic tire. On the contrary, such a combination of material, especially 
when the outside shoe has linen duck cut on the bias and vulcanized to its 
inner surface, forms a tube, which, when inflated with air at forty pounds 
(or riding pressure) becomes very little better than a cushion tire. It is 
hard and unyielding and without life or action. In brief, it is a conceded 
fact that such a tire is not a pneumatic one, but that a separate inner air 
tube or chamber is an essential feature of every tire that claims to be 
pneumatic, for in this way only is it possible to successfully confine the air 
and still retain all its resiliency. Tire manufacturers of to-day harness the 
air in a structure of rubber and linen, so hardened and dense as to entirely 
prevent that important element and foundation of the true pneumatic (air) 
from performing its proper functions, and foist upon the riding public in- 
numerable combinations of rubber-and-linen-and-valves, as pneumatic 
tires. The question naturally arises here: 

What Consti tutes a True Pneumatic Tire? 

"We will endeavor to answer this question from a positioii reached by a 
thorough trial of many tires as well as irom an experience gained t>y many 
months of manufacturing and the testing of all forms of constructions. 

"To begin with, as we have already said, the perfect and true pneu- 
matic tire should be so constructed as to contain the greatest amount of air 
with as little enveloping material as possible. In other words, we must not 
deaden the air action, but give it full play, and in order to accomplish this 
we must restrain the air by the use of a material that remains pliable under 
inflation and suflSciently strong to prevent bursting of the air tube. It is 
pertinent to remark here that a gentleman whose opinion is entitled to 
great respect, recently stated in the columns of a trade journal that 'per- 
fection ' in the pneumatic tire, as far as the qualities of "speed, easy riding 
and resiliency ' are concerned, 'is wholly a question cf fabric,' and that 
the solution of the tire problem depended upon the invention of a /rty!'^; 
fabric tube or restraining jacket — that is, a restraining jacket or fabric tube 
which should perform the paradoxical duty of expanding and at the same 
time contracting upon the air tube while under pressure, so that the air, 
although enjoying absolute freedom, would be still subject to the most per- 
fect confinement. Such a mysterious fabric tube is ours. To sum up, 

a Perfect Pneumatic Tire Should Consist of Four Parts: 
The air tube, its specially woven restraining jacket, and the valve — these 
three parts to be made capable of withstanding a pressure of at least 250 
pounds, — and fourth, the outside cover or wearing shoe, which should be a 
wearing shoe only and not called upon to withstand the lea.et pressure or to 
bear any portion of the strain of the air tube. A tire constructed upon this 
principle will be a true pneumatic, durable, light, lively and easy to propel 
with speed and comfort. The difference between this tire and one con- 
structed upon the false principles described in the foregoing lines will be 
appreciated by a single trial, and the rider will realize what is meant by 
air; its hard and soft side." 



Shows Delay Trade. 
A very serious effect of Shows, such as the National or Stanley, and 
one that the lay mind will not, perhaps, readily grasp, is the effect they 
have in tying the manufacturers' hands in the winter months, says the 
Cyclist. Without a show, the manufacturer, as soon as his factory arrange- 
ments for new patterns were made, would get his travellers out and would 
soon be in receipt of sufficient orders to enable him to work steadily on 
production, and even delivery. With a show looming in front of him, 
however, the agent holds his hand, and whilst he knows he will, in al- 
most certainty, place his order with a particular maker, he refrains from 
doing so until the show, the result being that for some five or six weeks, or 
a couple of months, trade is delayed, and the mass of tratle for the year, 
already confined by its very nature to a limited period, forced to be 
executed in a still more strictly defined and restricted time. 



THE BEARINGS. 



AN INTERESTING CAREER. 



Something About Light Weights and Old Times in the Trade. 



The wiiter had a most interesting chat with Mr. J. B. McCune, mana- 
ger of the McCune Cycle Co., of Everett, Mass., at the Bingham House 
one night after the close of the Philadelphia Show. Mr. McCune, by the 
way, is largely responsible for the patronage g^ven the Bingham House by 
wheelmen. During the first cycle show he was alone at that hotel. Being 
a popular man, his example was followed and now the Bingham House 
practically controls cycling patronage. Mr. McCune, like his son, William 
3., has had an eventful career. It was through him that Charles F. Stokes, 
of Chicago, H. A. Lozier, of Cleveland, and others entered the trade. By 
the joint efiForts of Stokes and McCune, Mr. Yost was sent to Cleveland. 

"I was associated with Mr. J. L. Yost at that time in the Springfield 
Bicycle Co., at Boston," said Mr. McCune. "I went West for the purpose 
of placing our output. I had an opportunity to sell 1,500 wheels to a big 
western house but had reasons for considering it undesirable. You may 
believe that I was roasted when I returned from Chicago and reported that I 
had sold six machines to Charles F. Stokes. I am confident that I would 
uot have made that deal had I not been a veteran in the sewing machine 
business. Both Stokes and Lozier were in that business and I went over 
the relative positions of the two trades with them from their own stand- 
point. You know the result. Mr. Stokes' concern is known all over the 
country and Mr. Lozier has made over $300,000 as a cycle builder. 

Light Wheels, Etc. 

"I am an ardent believer in light wheels," continued Mr. McCune, 
"and I believe I have good reason for my enthusiasm in that direction. 
John A. Wells, the well known Philadelphia hill climber, had, I believe, 
the first really light safety in his section, if not in the country. It was an 
English wheel and weighed something less than 35 pounds. I ran across 
him occasionally and found that it carried him well. The result of my own 
experiments is that I believe a wheel can be built at 30 pounds that will 
carry any man who^ is likely to ride. I include men of my own weight — 
about 200 pounds. 

"I can easily understand why cycle builders hesitate about construct- 
ing very light wheels. Lathe work, delicate forgings and filing are ex- 
pensive. It would cost considerable more to build 1,000 30-pound wheels 
than it would cost to build the same number of 35-pounders. In my opin- 
ion cycle building has now reached a point where changes and improve- 
ments will not be so apparent in styles as in methods of manufacture. The 
efiForts of thinking men in the trade will be applied to simplification and 
lightness. This is apparent right here at the Show." 

On Mr. McCune's own wheels there were only two sizes of screws, ex- 
cept those on the axles. He has made a special study of vibration and in 
this his knowledge of bridge-building methods has been of value. "I 
have tried to avoid accumulated vibration," he said. "It is the history of 
bridge-building that truss rods which are slender and have heavy connec- 
tions fracture at'the connections, and it is now customary to use a smaller 
quantity of iron than formerly and distribute it throughout the length of 
the rods. You may have noticed that when the frame of a bicycle is 
broken by vibration the fracture is not ragged but clear cut. 

"The back-bone of the old high wheel broke near the head. That was 
the result of accumulated vibration. It has been so with safeties. My 
solution of the difficulty is in using light tubing of large diameter and 
avoiding this accumulated vibration at connections." 

Mr. McCune showed the writer the frame of his wheel. The end of the 
tubing, instead of being inserted into the forging at the connection, was 
telescoped over it. The forging itself was reamed out as usual and milled 
on the outside. It tapered so that tiie vibration was distributed. On 
striking the frame a ringing was produced instead of a sodden sound. Like 
bells, bicycle frames must be scientifically proportioned to be sonorous. 

"I use 7-16 inch balls in the crank axle bearings instead of 1-4 inch, 
the customary size in light wheels. A large ball is easier to temper and 
consequently will not break as readily as a smaller one. It also runs 
easier — a fact I have demonstrated by careful comparison. When the 
rider on track or road makes an extreme effort he strains the frame and 
the bearings must bind somewhat. The smaller the ball the greater the 
binding." 

The First Typewriter. 

"Mr. Hall, the typewriter man, is here at the hotel," continued Mr. 
McCune. "That reminds me that Mr. Hall and myself showed the Amer- 
ican public a practical typewriter away back in 1866. That machine was 
quite as practical as the Remington of today, the only radical difference 
being that the stroke of the type bar was downward. Mr. Hall, who is 
one of the most prolific inventors I have ever known, worked with me at 
the same mechanics' bench in the works of the Florence Sewing Machine 
Co., at Florence, Mass. One day he said, 'I have an idea.' 'What is it?' 
I asked. 'A typewriter with a common center for the type-bars,' he 
replied and illustrated his meaning by picking up two hammers, holding 
one in each hand on the bench and striking the same spot alternately. 
'You explain that to me and I will build a machine,' I said. It was done 
inside of two months and within six months, through the assistance of 
Henry C. Boyne, one of the most prominent men in the country and pro- 
prietor of the New York Independent that machine was placed on ex- 
hibition in his ofifice, where it was operated by a young Yale college man 
whom they employed. At that time the wrappers in which daily papers 
were mailed were addressed with the pen and four women were employed 
at the work on the Independent and the operator could easily address as 
many wrappers as the four writers. 

"A large number of prominent men, including the Hamper brothers, 
Jay Gould, Peter Cooper, Cyrus Field and others called at the Independ- 
ent office and examined the machine. Its practicability was repeatedly 
demonstrated. One day Judge Benedict dropped in. He admired the 
clean work but, as would be the case with many people even nowadays. 



he would not believe that the machine was faster than the pen. Compari- 
son was made. The judge wrote about 95 words in a minute; the type- 
writer produced about 500. Horace Greeley, who was then at the zenith 
of his fame, saw the machine. He was convinced by the same comparison 
as he could only write about 105 words a minute — and you may be sure no- 
body could read them. 

"But we were twenty years ahead of the time; capitalists were loth to 
become interested. It was curious that men of such calibre could not see 
the practicability of the invention. Dinsmore, who has made so much 
money out of the typewriter, invented a machine similar to ours except 
that he used the up-stroke for the type bar. He wanted to combine with 
us. We might have finally disposed of the invention at a high figure, but 
the third party with whom we were interested got into financial difficulties 
and departed taking with him our patent papers. I feel a tinge of sadness 
sometimes when I think of the immense amount of money which has been 
made in the typewriter business. 

"When our patent was granted there were only two others in exist- 
ence in America and we bought them up. One of these patents was held 
by Alfred Ely Beach, one of the editors and proprietors of the Scientific 
American. One day we called on Mr. Beach for the purpose of buying two 
little type to use on our machine. He did not know what we wanted 
them for. In a general conversation Mr. Beach said, 'I believe the time 
is bound to come when a letter will be made with one stroke of the hand 
instead of several strokes. I believe I will write an article on the subject 
of a writing machine.' As we went out I said, 'Hall, we have no time to 
lose on this thing.' And sure enough the next issue of the Scientific 
American contained an article from Mr. Beach's pen on the subject, and 
within a year after our machine was produced over a dozen applications 
for patents were made, among them one from Dinsmore, the inventor of 
the Remington. Our machine was sent to the Paris Exposition in '67, but 
our representative turned out to be a fraud and nothing came of that." 



A Commercial Traveler's Resource 

The tact which makes a man a good commercial traveler is a peculiar 
gift, and one may be a good buyer or a successful salesman, and yet fail 
"on the road". Some merchants think that unless a young man is a bora 
traveler, no amount of drilling will make him a successful "drummer". 

"I want a man," said a partner in a large London house, "to work an 
important part of the 'road'. We employ two hundred men, but there is 
not one among them whom I could select with the expectation that he 
would prove to be the traveler I require." 

George Moore, the philanthropic London merchant, was a complete 
failure as a clerk in a wholesale house, but nature fitted him for a commer- 
cial traveler, and when his employer sent him out on "the road," he 
showed such genius in securing customers that his employer wrote, ' 'I am 
proud of you." 

A "traveler" must have tact and knowledge of human nature, as well 
as industry. If he cannot read men at a glance, and has not the instinct to 
adapt himself to their motives and capacities, he had better take himself 
off the road. 

Moore called upon a dealer in silks a dozen times, before receiving 
one order from him. The man was always "full," and wanted nothing. 
Moore learned that the silk mercer was very fond of a certain choice snuff 
rappee, with a touch of beggar's brown in it. 

"I'll get you," said George to himself and when next in London he 
bought a handsome snuff-box, and had it filled with the tinted rappee. With- 
in a few weeks, he dropped in upon the silk mercer, and was greeted with 
hisusual salutation, "Quite full, quite full, sir!" 

"All right, sir," answered George; "I scarcely expected an order, but 
J called upon you for a reference." 

"Certainly, sir, by all means," answered the mercer, feeling a little 
complimented. 

In the course of the conversation George took out his snuffbox, and, 
taking a pinch, returned it to his pocket. After a short interval he took it 
out again, saying, as he took another pinch, "I suppose you are not guilty 
of this bad habit?'' 

"Sometimes," answered the mercer. George handed him the box. 

"Well, that's very fine!" said the man, sMuffing with zest. 

"Let me present you with the box," said Moore. The mercer accepted 
it with thanks, and the drummer left the store, without asking for an 
order. But the next time he called, the mercer gave him an order, and 
long continued to be one of his best customers. 

These anecdotes are instructive as well as amusing. They illustrate 
the fact and good humor which convert a rebuflSng store-keeoer into 
a genial customer. 

"Did I not tell you," said an exasperated hosier to a pressing drum- 
mer, who was unfolding his samples, "that I had more travelers than cus- 
tomers, and that I would not look at an article?" 

"Well!" replied the witty traveler, "you don't mind my having a look 
at the samples myself, do you? Trade has been so bad that I have not 
seen them for the last six days." 

He secured a customer. — American Tid-Bits. 



The Tricycle. 
"It is idle chatter to prate about the tricycle being dead," says F. T. 
Bidlake; "the tricycle will never be killed by the safety." This is a thought 
we have entertained all along with respect to the three-wheeler as a road- 
ster, adds British Sport, and we verily believe that there are hundreds of 
men riding safeties today who would be far more comfortable if astride the 
saddle of a tricycle. After all we have only to examine the road records to 
be convinced that in point of all-round riding tricycling is only a very 
little more arduous than safetying. In the case of nervous, middle-aged 
folk it is probably less so, since any extra physical energy expended in the 
propulsion of the three-tracker is counterbalanced by the saving in nerve 
power. This applies particularly when roads are slippery and in night rid- 
ing. 



THE BEARINQS. 



THE BICYCLE AND THE CARRIAGE. 

Bicycle and sulky manufacturers all over the land are devoting their 
skill and intelligence to producing the perfect sulky for the use of owners 
and drivers of speeding horses next season. By common consent the 
clumsy contrivance which, almost unheralded, made such a sudden ap- 
pearance on the race track last season, has been abandoned, although 
crude and imperfect as it was, it astonished the racing world bj' its possi- 
bilities, became the rage, and at once relegated the previously accepted 
models to the rear. The innovation became so popular after the first 
demonstration of its value as a racing machine, that the influx of orders 
for it exceeded the producing capacity of the sulky manufacturers, and as- 
tonished the makers of bicycle wheels, both of whom were, in one sense, 
unprepared for the demand. They were obliged to utilize such material 
as they already had, by adapting to the wheels then in use for bicycles, 
the patterns of sulky frames that had been made for the ordinary high 
wheels, and found no time to offer anything distinctively different. 

The odd looking combinations hastily produced to meet the spontan- 
eous demand of horsemen, however, did great service during the short time 
they were used, as the trotting and pacing records of the last months of 
the raning season of 1892 bear ample evidence, and it was satisfactorily 
shown that the union of the bicycle and the sulky had developed the germ 
of the ideal vehicle for the light harness horse. Bicycle makers and sulky 
builders were alert and studious, while the bicycle sulky was having its 
initial success. They promptly saw the weak points of the new vehicle, 
and have ever since been busy investigating the mechanical difficulties to 
be overcome. Judging by the reports that have come to us, and by such 
material evidence as has been furnished thus early, their efforts to pro- 
duce the perfect sulky, or at least a remarkable improvement upon the 
bicycle sulky models of 1892, have been crowned with gratifying success, 
and another harvest of orders from horsemen is ready for the reaping. 

Bicycle manufacturers have adapted their patterns of pneumatic tire, 
ball bearing bicycle wheels, to successfully resist the peculiar and greatly 
increased strain which is imposed upon them when applied to the sulky, 
and have also produced special styles of wheels, some much smaller and 
others much larger than the 28-inch wheel used on the bicycle sulky of 
last summer. They are, therefore, prepared to meet the call that is being 
made upon this new department of their business by the sulky manufac- 
turers, with a large variety of highly improved wheels. The sulky men 
have mastered the problems presented to them, by producing new pat- 
terns of sulky frames to which bicycle wheels can be fitted without the use 
of the cumbersome and ungainly attachments which were a feature of the 
bicycle sulky of last season, and which will be equally as light, if not 
lighter, much stronger and steadier. The larger number of the bicycle 
sulkies for 1893 will be fitted with the 28-inch wheels, while a few builders 
who believe that all the theories of increased speed with a wheel of large 
diameter still hold good, have ventured to introduce vehicles having 45- 
inch and even 52-inch wheels fitted with pneumatic and cushion tires and 
ball bearings, while others are building a pattern that will permit either 
high or low wheels to be used interchangeably. 



This union of the salient features of two distinct types of vehicles in 
the bicycle sulky, has resulted happily in a union of the interests of bicycle 
and carriage manufacturers, and has opened up an avenue of new and 
profitable business for both. It has done more than this. The splendid 
results already obtained by adapting a cycling device to improve the 
sulky, has led to the serious consideration of the application of the same 
idea in the construction of the large class of light pleasure carriages, and 
practical examples are being announced. Successful tests have already 
been made with new patterns of rubber tire, steel wire spoke, ball bearing 
wheels for buggies, and doubtless a number of new vehicles will be found 
next season thus equipped, so that the interdependence of bicycle makers 
and carriage builders, brought about by the introduction of the "bike" 
sulky last season, promises not to prove ephemeral, but to continue indefi- 
nitely and grow more pronounced in its material advantages to each, and 
in the modification and improvement of all existing types of light carriages, 
more especially when the era of good roads shall have come. 

The National Cycle Show, held in Philadelphia from the 4th to the 14th 
of the present month, a more extended reference to which will be found in 
another column, and at which over 150 exhibitors display cycling devices and 
methods of applying ball bearing pneumatic tire wheels to carriages, will 
undoubtedly create increased enthusiasm in this direction and make more 
manifest the opportunity now presented to bicycle and carriage makers to 
profit by jointly promoting this new branch of business. — The Cartiage 
Monthly. 



Fleeced the Dealers. 

Rochester, N. Y., Feb. 19. — Two bicycle dealers were cleverly nipped 
by a polished rascal a few days ago. The fellow, who gave his name as 
Frank Mindnick, selected a valuable wheel from C. J. Conolly's stock and 
tendered a $10 bill and a thirty day note for the balance as payment. He 
represented to be the owner of fift}' acres of costly lands in Penfield, a 
suburb where he lived, and Mr. Conolly thereby thinking the man respon- 
sible, allowed him to dep 'rt with the bicycle. On the same day Mindnick 
purchased a Victor from Robert Thomson and gave him a note. He made 
the same representations to Mr. Thomson as he did to Mr. Conolly, but no 
wrong was suspected until the teller at the bank, where both men have 
deposits, put a flea in their ears. After some difficulty the two wheels 
were recovered. Mindnick will be prosecuted for getting goods on false 
representations. He fleeced other merchants in town. 

Trade prospects at Rochester point to a late season owing to 
the severity of the winter. At this time a year ago there a great many 
orders had been taken, and there were ten times more riders on the 
streets than at thepresent time. This, however, is not saying that no 
orders have thus far been booked. Every dealer in the cit)' has 
taken a few orders, and in anticipation of the spring trade the 
agents are increasing their store room capacity. C. J. Conolly and 
F. L. Hughes have built a sub-floor between the floor ^and ceiling of their 
commodious stores on Exchange street, and in this way they are enabled to 
show about seventy-five additional wheels. 





Are distinctive and were first seen on 




Wheels. 



THEY ARE BEAUTIFUL in design and finish, and IN USING THEM 
your gear may be changed at a moments' notice. 

OTHER MANUFACTURERS Hked them and have tried to imitate-As to 
design— with fair success. Material, workmanship and final result— a 
miserable failure. 



WHEN SHOWN an 

Wheel. 




SPROCKET, see that it is on an c 




AMES d FROST COMPANY 



302-4 WAIM5H AVENUE, CMICflQO. 
RETAIL IN CHICAGO BY CHAS. H. SIEG MFG. CO.. 275 WABASH AVE. 



MENTION THE BEARINGS 



THE BEARINGS. 



OUR ADVERTISERS. 



The activity in the cycle trade is shown in the following list of new 
advertisers and makers who have changed their "ads" this week: 

Wilson, Myers »t Co 1-2 page. 

Coventry Machinists Co 1-2 " 

James Cycle Importing Co 1-2 " 

Marble Cv'cle Mfj,' .Co 1-4 " 



Hill Cycle Mffj. Co 1 pa; 

Union Cycle Mfg. Co 1 " 

Overman Wheel Co 1 " 

Pope Mfg. Co 1 •' 

Gormully & Jeffery Mfg. Co 1 " 

Ames & Frost Co 1-2 " 

Peerless Mfg. Co 1-2 " 

Raleigh Cycle Co 1-2 " 

A. Featherstone & Co 1-2 ' 

Hibbard, Spencer, Bartlett & Co. .. 1-2 " 

W. Bingham Co 1-2 " 

E. C. Stearns & Co 1-2 " 

American Dunlop Tire Co . 1-2 " 

Century Cycle Mfg. Co 1-2 " 



Rich &SagerCo M 

Rouse, Hazard & Co l^-t " 

Rouse-Duryea Cycle Co 1-4 " 

Shaw Cycle Co 1-4 " 

Hickory Wheel Co 1-4 " 

I. A. Weston 1-8 " 

Lynch Mfg Co .1-8 " 

Shulenberg Cycle Co 3 inches 

Hugh Miner, Jr 1 inch 



The Baltimore and Ohio is the shortest route to Washington from 
nearly all points West. Its trains are vestibuled from end to end, and carry 
Pullman sleeping cars. 

No railroad in America is better equipped than the B. & O. to trans- 
port with dispatch, safety, and comfort the large crowd which will visit 
Washington to witness the inauguration ceremonies. Its long experience 
in transporting crowds to former inaugurations, G. A. R. encampments, 
Knights Templar conclaves, and similar gatherings, on an extensive scale,' 
will prove most valuable in arranging for the coming inauguration. 

For more detailed information as to rates, time of trains, etc., apply to 
L. S. Allen, Asst. Gen'l Passenger Agent, The Rookery, Chicago. 



The Premier Cycle Co. are experimenting with their new helical tub- 
ing to demonstrate to the British public its extraordinary strength as com- 
pared with the weldless tube of a similar weight. This production will be 
used by this company in the construction of their best roadsters as well as 
their racers. 

FLORIDA AND THE SUNNY SOUTH. 
To all persons contemplating a southern trip, the Big Four route offers 
special attractions and advantages possessed by no other line. Solid 
vestibuled trains, heated with steam and equipped with palace sleeping 
cars, reclining chair cars and elegant parlor cafe dining cars run daily, 
making connection in Central Union Station, Cincinnati, with through 
express trains of the Queen & Crescent Route, Louisville & Nashville, 
Kentucky Central and Chesapeake & Ohio Railways, avoiding the tedious 
transfer necessary via other lines, and affording practically through train 
service to Old Point Comfort, Asheville, Chattanooga, New Orleans, 
Savannah, Jacksonville, St. Augustine, Tampa, Indian River and all winter 
resorts of the South. Tourist tickets, via the Popular Big Four route, at 
special low rates, are on sale at all coupon ticket offices throughout the 
country. Ask the agent for tickets via the Big Four route. D. B. Martin, 
General Passenger & Ticket Agent, Cincinnati, Ohio., or J. C.Tucker, 
G. N. A., 234 Clark street, Chicago. 



CHEAP RATES TO THE INAUGURATION. 

For the inauguration of Cleveland and Stevenson at Washington on 
March 4th, excursion tickets, reading via Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, 
" The Picturesque Route," will be placed on sale at the ticket offices of 
principal railroads of the West, as well as at the ticket offices of the Balti- 
more and Ohio Company. The fare from Chicago will be $17.50 for the 
round trip. These tickets will be sold from February 28th to March 3rd 
inclusive, and will be valid for return journey until March 8th inclusive. 



WINTER RESORTS OF THE SOUTH. 

Jacksonville and Tampa, Fla.. and other South Atlantic and Gulf 
Coast resorts, can be reached with but one change of cars from Chicago 
and that at Louisville or Cincinnati, where the Monon Route makes close 
connectionwith the L. & N. and Q. & C. Vestibule trains, running through 
to Florida. 

The Monon 's day trains are now all equipped with beautiful new Par- 
lor and Dini 'g Cars, while its night trains are made up of Smoking Cars, 
Day Coaches and Pullman and Compartment Sleepers, lighted by electric- 
ity from headlight to hindermost sleeper. 

The Monon has gradually fought its way to the front, making exten- 
sive improvements in its road-bed and service, until today it is ihe be.st 
equipped line from Chicago to the South, offering its patrons facilities and 
ccommodations second to none in the world and at lower rates than 
ever before. 

REPAIRERS' DIRECTORY. 

Chicago — Charles F.Stokes Mnfg. Co., 593 West Madison street— 293 and 294 Wabash 
avenue. Taylor Cycle Co , 270-272 Wabash avenue. Hoyle, 5 and 7 East Madison 
street. Humber-Rover Cycle Co. , 28,5 Wabash avenue Louis Jordan, 71-73 Randolph 
street. Pope Mfg. Co., 291 Wabash avenue. A. G. Spalding & Bros., 108 Madison street. 
The Chas. H. Stephens Cycle Co., 100.5 Ogden Avenue. Marble Cycle Mfg. Co., 271 
Wabash Ave. Gormully & Jeffery Mfg. Co., 85 Madison street. 

Indianapolis. Inrt. — Hay & Willita. 

Grand hapids, Micli.— Grand Rapids Cycle Company. 

Milwaukee. Wis — The Sercombe - Bolte Mfg. Co., 355-357 East Water street. .Julius 
Andrae Cycle Works, 225-(> west Water street. 

Newark, N. J.— Howard A. Smith & Co. 

New York City.— Geo. R. Bidwell Cycle Co., 306-310 59th street. A. G. Spalding & Bros. 

Peoria, 111.— Luthy & Co. Rouse, Hazard & Co., 142 G street. Kingman & Co,, 91o 
south Washington street. 

Pliiladelpliia, Pa — Kirk Brown Co , Ltd. Penn Square. Luburg Manfg. Co., 321 323-325 
North Eighth St. 

St. touis.— Oaing Cycle Co., 1724 Olive street. 

Plymouth, Ind.— Marble Cycle Mfg. Co 

Providence. R. I — W. G. Rankin & Co., 33 Custom H«use street. 

Cleveland, O — Cleveland Cycle Depot, 221 Prospect .street. 

Columbus, O.— Evans Bicycle (.;o., 19 Spring street. 

If advertisers in THE BEARINGS who operate repair shops will advise this pap r 

of that fact, their address will be placed in the Repairers' Directory. 




THE REX 




Hex Light Roadster. 



Kex Ladles' 



-We Challenge Competition on our 



$125 REX SAFETIES 

We have slapped our competitors right and left with this machine — because it 
is GUARANTEED HIGH GRADE— is of the best design— and is by far the 
best machine ever offered for the money, both fOf the Dealer and hiS Customer, 

We Tvill guarantee to sell any dealer (who is well rated financially) who will 
give us a chance to quote prices and show the Rex. 



Gsft£klo^t:t.&^ :N^o-w :R.&et.<Xym 



The REX is " OUR " Machine. 



Our Territory is the Earth. 



TAYLOR CYCLE CO., 270 and 272 Wabash Ave., Chicago. 



MENTION THE BEARINGS 



THE BEARINGS. 



TRADE NOTES. 



George H. Day, of the Pope Mfg. Co., is a visitor in Chicago. 

M. D. Smalley, of the Marble Cycle Mfg. Co., Plymouth, Ind., was in 
Chicago last week. 

The Lynch Mfg. Co., Madison, Wis., are advertising a neat and handy 
bicycle lock this week. 

Frank Weaver, the Eagle man, and C. H. Lamson, of luggage carrier 
fame, are with us this week. 

N. E. Turgeon has been on the road for the Pope Mfg. Co. in Illinois 
and disposed of a large number of Columbias. 

J. C. Patterson will travel for the Century Cycle Mfg. Co., Chicago, in 
the East. He will probably start out in two or three weeks. 

Henry Goodman is traveling for the Hartford Cycle Co. He will cover 
a portion of the territory formerly traveled by W. C. Marion. 

The Union Cycle Mfg. Co. ask that all persons interested in the ex- 
ploits of the editor of the Howling Witness read his spring announcement 
which he had just sprung and which is published in their advertising space 
^ this week. 

The Fowler is commencing to score, even at this time of the year. 
Sam Van Buskirk, of Denver, recently rode twenty-one miles on the road 
in i:io on a thirty pound Fowler, geared to 59 1-2. This is about an 
eighteen mile an hour pace and the time is exceedingly fast for winter 
riding. 

McKee & Harrington, makers of the Lyndhurst, are sending out their 
catalogue for 1893. Mr. Wilson Kirkpatrick, their traveling man, being 
twitted by an agent about the printing of the word "Lyndhurst" on a 
cloud, answered that it was emblematic of the wheel, i. e., away up in 
grade and very light in weight. 

The display of No. 2 Ramblers, in readiness for delivery to the military 
corps of the First Regiment, N. G. P., has been attracting much attention 
at Chas. S. Smith &Co.'s, Tenth and Arch streets, Philadelphia. The 
wheels are fitted with all the accoutrements of warfare, lamps, bells, etc., 
and present a very pretty appearance as lined up in the store. 

Rouse, Hazard & Co., Peoria, 111. received last October an order for 
four bicycles from a party on the Island of Java, off the Malay Penninsula. 
They recently received a remittance for the machines and an order for 
nine more. A satisfied customer is the best advertisement in the world 
and a transaction of this kind speaks volumes in favor of this firm. 

The James Cycle Importing Co., Chicago, write: "Compliments are 
showered upon the James by its '92 riders with lavish hands, and they all 
stand ready to swear by it or fight for it as the case may be. The James 
proved its quality in '92 and now every intelligent rider has only good 
words to speak of it. It is claimed that you can't break or bend a James 
by fair means — anyway no one has ever seen one in that condition." 




The BEST OILER 



iTic.",3,-. Cents Kach. Hall Si/,-. ju tjjg ^vorld is the "Perfecf 

Pocket oiler. Why? Because it does not leak and is the handsomest and 
handiest oiler made. With this oiler it is an easy matter to oil your bicycle 
P'operly without covering yourself and the machine with grease. 

CUSHMAN & DEN ISDN, 172 9th Avenue, New York. 



To carry above oiler on a bicycle. No 
rattling.Easilyattached to any wheel. 
Price 25c. eacb, handsomely nickel 
plated. Large size holder to carry a 
pneumatic pump at same figure (25c.) 

CUSHMAN & DENISON, 

I 72 9th AVE., NEW YORK. 



Mention THE bearings. 




CTCLINQ LITERATURE! 

ONE M.4.N ONLY, .\NI) HIS NAME IS 

" FLETCHER," 

Makes a specialty of carrying in stock every cycling p.appr, 
periodical and hand book publislieil in the United States, 
Canada and Emope. .Send for his lists and cat.alogue of 

Cycle News, Cycle Sundries, Cycle 
.Storage, Cycle Renting-. 

43 E. Van Buircn St., Chicago. 

near cycle row. 



The 



Crypto 

Front 
Driving 
Safety, 



and the 



Crypto 

Geared 

Ordinary 




combine all the good points of both the "Old Ordinary" and 
the " Rear Driving Safety," without possessing the dis- 
advantages of either. Send for catalogue. 

THE ncINTOSH=HUNTINQTON CO., 



Sole Agents for 

United States. 



Cleveland, 

Ohio. 



44 



THE ' HUSTLER." 



An Honest Wheel! —^^^tm^m 

Ma<le of Honest Material! 

l?y Honest Workmen for an HoiK'st Firm. 




THE SHAW CYCLE GO. 

324 N. EUTAW ST., BALTIMORE, MD. 

HONEST AGENTS WILL GET HONEST DISCOUNTS. 

MENTION THK BEARINSS 





^^%rtP^^%\mQ^ 



CHICAGO, MARCH 3, 1893 



OSMOND IS COMING. 



The Great English Rider to Be In Chicago Shortly. 



London, March i. — F. J. Osmond is actually going to America. He will 

be in Chicago some 
time in April and 
will have charge of 
the VVhitworth ex- 
hibit at the 
World's Fair. 
Americans will be 
interested to know 
that he intends 
racing in the 
States. 

Interested! Well, 
we should hop over 
the top rail of the 
The Bearings would have been pleased to 
communicate with Zimmerman and Sanger by wire, to ascertain how this 
move upon Osmond's part will affect their proposed trip to England, but 
the desire to keep the news secret until publication day and possibly score 
a scoop cannot be resisted. In the name of Americans, The Bearings 
extends to Mr. Osmond assurances of pleasure at the news of Lis coming 
and of cordial consideration while he is with us. 

Later.— A Milwaukee telegram: "Wallace Sanger says he will go to 
England this spingwhether Osmond comes to America or not." 




F. J. OSMONS 

highest fence in the country! 



Broke the Twenty-Five Mile Coast Record. 

California's twenty-five mile record has been broken again. George 
A. Faulkner lowering it to 1:19:04 in the twenty-five mile road race of the 
Associated Cycling Clubs over the San Leandro triangle on Washington's 
Birthday. He rode a Rambler. A. Griffiths, with a twelve minute handi- 
cap, won the race in 1:24:24 2-5. 



The Pullman Road Race. 

Mr R. D. Garden states that he expects to obtain permission to run 
the Pullman race over the old course. The Associated Clubs will discuss 
the matter March 9. 



Angry at Chairman Raymond. 

R. W. Slusser, formerly of New Orleans and now a great favorite 
among Chicago wheelmen, is suffering from a tropical spot which is 
located under his collar. This abnormal heat has been caused by the 
publication, over Chairman Raymond's signature and in an eastern paper 
other than the official organ, a series of letters from various people con- 
cerning the alleged violation of racing laws at Nashville and Milwaukee 
Mr. Slusser wrote one of those letters and it was included in the series 
He showed The Bearings a copy of a scathing letter he has since written 
Chairman Raymond, and said: "I consider that Mr. Raymond has 
treated me shabbily. He wrote me in what I construed to be an unofficial 
capacity and I replied as I would to any personal letter. There was noth- 
ing in my letter which I would be afraid to state again, but I certainly 
did not expect that it would be published and regard Mr. Raymond's 
action as a serious breach. He did not use it officially, in the Bulletin but 
gave It to an independent paper." ' 

J. W. Linneman, of Buffalo, is the latest aspirant for the twentv-four 
hour record. -^ 



ment 
city. 



?■• ■^V.^-^^l^'"' '*^^^y manager of John Wanamaker's cycling depart- 
it in Philadelphia, has entered the service of H. B. Hart, of the same 



PLANS FOR THE INTERNATIONAL RACES. 



After the adjournment of the National Assembly at Philadelphia the 
international race committee held a meeting and arranged many of the 
details. The League meet will be held from August 5 to 12, the races 
starting on the 7th and lasting five days. Chairman Raymond will be in 
Chicago in a week or ten days and then active work will begin. Chief 
Consul Gerould says that the track will be pushed as rapidly as possible. 

Contracts will be let as soon as Mr. Raymond arrives and work on the 
track will begin as soon as the weather will permit. It will only take a 
little over a month to build it and the racing men will have one of the 
finest tracks in the country to train on by May i. The question of surface 
has not yet been decided on definitely but Mr. Gerould thinks that burnt 
clay will be used. 

Now that the international race committee has decided upon August 5 
to 12 (Saturday to Saturday) as the dates for the international meeting in 
Chicago, the programme of events is looked for, but we are advised that 
the committee has not yet progressed this far with the Chicago meeting. 
From the close of the international meeting the western clubs will fill in 
the circuit until September, when the racing men will come East. 

Among the western meetings dates will be allotted to clubs in Evans- 
ville, Peoria, Ripon, Columbus, Cincinnatti and Milwaukee. The contem- 
plated visit of Chairman Raymond to the West is not only to provide for 
the construction of the new track for the international races, but to appor- 
tion off" dates to t'ue western clubs for the circuit. 

Upon the eastern circuit meetings will be held in New York, Connect- 
icut, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Maryland and Pennsylvania. 

It is the intention to have the internationalcircuit embrace only twenty 
clubs. No race of an international character can be run without a special 
sanction from the Racing Board, and for the benefit of the racing men it 
might be well to say that in all races of international description, for which 
a special sanction is required, there will be no limit to the value of prizes. 
As at present outlined the programme of races on the international circuit 
will include some special invitation races, which will be divided up among 
the clubs and will be of international character. Of course these invita- 
tion races are additional events to the international events at the 
Chicago meeting, but similar rules on the prize subject will govern them. 



Not "in it" Now. 
Mr. Charles S. Davol, of Warren, R. I., occupies a niche in cycling 
fame as having been the most absolute disciplinarian who ever occupied 
the chairmanship of the Racing Board. He was written to early in 
February for his opinion concerning the proposed racing class B. He 
replied: "I cannot comply for the very good reason that I have never 
read of and do not know what class B is. Have not read a cycling paper 
for over a year. So you see I am truly not "in it." 

Terront Defeats Corre. 
The 1,000 kilometer race between Terront and Cor*-e, in Paris, Febru- 
ary 26, was won by the former in forty-two hours, Corre finishing ten kilo- 
meters behind Terront. 



Tom Roe Training. 
Tom Roe is training hard for his attempt on the transcontinental rec- 
ord. He says that he will make it in sixty days. After the ride he will 
make New York his home. 



Keator Reinstated. 
Chairman Raymond has accepted the sworn .statement of Roy Keator, 
suspended October 22, and has restored him to full amateur standing. 



Rumor has it that Taxis will ride a 17-pound Warwick racer. 

George D. Gideon has accepted the position of Pennsylvania member 
of.the National Racing Board. 

H. C. Tyler says that he will not race during the early part of the sea- 
son but will devote all his time to business. 

John S. Johnson has joined the Century Cycling Club, of Syracuse, and 
will ride a Stearns bicycle. Consequently, Syracuse is filled with a great 
joy. Much (newspaper) excitement prevails there and air castles are 
being constructed upon the fond hope that Johnson will ride under C. C. 
C. colors. 



THE BEARINGS. 



WHAT THE COLORED BROTHER SAYS. 

A Pullman Porter's Opinion About Negro Exclusion and Other Topics. 

He was a Pullman sleeping car porter. His uniform was new, his 
skin not very black and his manner portentous. An African king might 
have envied him. He had been enlightening the occupants of the smok- 
ing room on a B. & O. sleeper upon the leading topics of the day. 

The fat man in the corner had ventured to interrupt him long enough 
to tell a story of two colored men who were discovered stealing in the 
night. They were barefooted and they romped away into the darkness so 
rapidly that their foot-beats resembled the noise of galloping horses. 
That reminded our oracular friend of his own phenomenal speed. 

"I's a putty sma't man on ma feet, but gimme de bisickle fer speed, 
I tull yu. I rec'leck when I wuzinstructah up 'n th' Ormonde school 'n Noo 
Yawk. They wuz a team race on 'tween us fellahs 'n th' Swawlback 
crowd f'm Brooklyn. We wuz all a-trainin' up 't Manhattan Field, where 
we wuz t' race, 'n I wuz in th' pink o' condition, 'n one day, by gosh, I 
had th' hardes' luck! Yu see, I never useter git off fer any curb stone ner 
like o'that, but when I come to a curb I useter jes' raise up my fron' wheel 
'n up she'd go, on th' sidewalk (cheering mem. for the Ormonde Company). 
Well, dis time I got fuled. Ma wheel slipped 'n down I come 'n smashed 
my shin right here, 'n that settled me." 

"Yu don' know how t' ride a bisickle, does yu?" he asked leeringly 
of the fat man in the corner. 

"Nope. Splittin' wood's good enough for me. Too hard work for you, 
I suppose." 

The crowd laughed vengefuUy at the "frtsh" darky, but he failed to 
see the hit. 

"Oh yes, ha'd wuhk, but it dewelops you all over (referring to cycling 
and proudly slapping his uniform, which responded in a padded, dusty 
manner). Ise taught many a man o' your size, but one gemlun 't caught 
me wuz a 270-pounder. I jes' had t' give him up, hya hya ! Yes suh, 
give me thu bisickle f ex'cise." 

Of course he had read of the Philadelphia squabble on the color line. 
His opinion was asked. 

"Well," crossing his legs as he leaned back against the mahogany and 
fixed his statesmanlike gaze upon the door-top, "I haven' give that sub- 
jick much consideration. Don' affeck me neither way. Got some cuUud 
men in now, but I don' s'pose I could, really 'n hones'ly, git in 'thout 
lyin'. Ise a p'fessional. Y'see I got t' be kind of a racing man 'n I made 
a little stuff on d' side." His chest swelled perceptibly here. "I don' see 
why a cullud man should be kep' out th' League. 'Course we might form 
a 'sociation of our own, only they ain't 'nough of us. Yes, I ah, I o'g'nized 
some clubs myself. I o'g'nized th' Calumet Club 'n Noo Yawk. I wuz 
cap'n o' that club, 'n then I wuz th' man t' o'g'nize thu fuhst cullud club 
in th' country, th' National Bisickle Club 'f Washington. No, don' make 
much diffunce t' me if th' let th' cullud man in er not." 

"They's on'y one thing worries me (an expression of great sadness 
came upon him, while the fat man got nervous, as though he would fain 
get away from an irksome presence). I would suht'nly like to see Zinna- 
mon 'n that man Windle race. They don't do it. They won't git together. 
Zinnamon, he's a winnah. Windle, he's d' fastes'. Le's see. He rode a 
mile in two four one 'n a quartah, wuzn't it? Yes suh, I wouldjlike t' 
see " 

Here the electric call-bell sounded. The oracle became your humble 
servant once more, shambled off up the aisle and the fat man arose with a 
great sigh, fearing the return. The others looked out of window in oppres- 
sive silence. A test vote on the color line, taken at that moment, would 
have been unanimously favorable to the insertion of the word "white." 



HOW L. A. W. AC COUN TS ARE AUDITED. 

A Careful System, Devised By Treasurer Brewster. 



THAT "TRUE SPORTSMAN" STORY. 



Editor The Bearings: — Your article "A True Sportsman" does Mr. 
Measure, the treasurer of the Union Cycle Co., a rank injustice. The 
writer was the navigator of the boat and has a vivid recollection of the 
entire occurrence. Mr. Measure, sir, did not remove his clothing. 

After the boat had been carefully, and I hope you will pardon me for 
saying, skilfully, navigated to the shore, Mr. Measure was enabled to 
step dry shod on land, while Mr. Hall and myself, denuded of our cloth- 
ing, proceeded to push, pull, lift and otherwise propel the cumbersome 
craft through the openings among the rocks. It is at this point in your 
narrative that you do Mr. Measure an injustice. Yoa say that he slipped 
upon a mossy rock and suddenly sat down in the water. I admit, and I 
think Mr. Hall, who counts himself a dear triend of Mr. Measure, will also 
admit that Mr. Measure did sit down and that very suddenly, but that he 
slipped or that his sitting down in the water was at all in the nature of an 
accident is wholly untrue. Mr. Measure, seeing our plight and being im- 
bued with the true sportsman's spirit, deliberately and purposely sat down 
in the water that he might be "in it" with us. 

History, Mr. Editor, does not afford us another such example of 
striking devotion. Think, sir, of a man deliberately wetting his pants, his 
only available pair of pants, for mere comradeship. It was Ulyssean! 

I may add that it required the united and continuous exertions of Mr. 
Hall and myself to induce Mr. Measure to make frequent inward applica- 
tions of heating material to keep him from catching cold on the long ride 
to Boston in his wet pants. 

The conductor looked upon Mr. Measure with considerable suspicion 
when he arose from the plush covered car seat. Very truly. 

New York, February 17. Kirk Brown. 



Much interest is now centered in the subject of the auditing of L. A. W. 
expenditures. At present the only auditors are the members of the Exec- 
utive Committee and the system they follow is claimed by Treasurer 
Brewster as his own. The whole management of receipts and expendi- 
tures is conducted very systematically and, as it might be profitably 
adopted by divisions, it is here described: 

All moneys received by Secretary Bassett from the divisions go from 
him to the treasurer through the hands of the Executive Committee, who 
remit to Treasurer Brewster by means of checks, which are countersigned 
by Vice President Brown, secretary of the Executive Committee. This 
gives that committee a record of all moneys received by the treasurer. 

All bills must be approved by the Executive Committee before pay- 
ments can be made. Mr. Brown records and numbers them and they are 
then sent to the treasurer for payment. The latter makes vouchers in 
duplicate and, when the vouchers are properly receipted, files the original 
with bill attached and sends the duplicate to Dr. Brown for his file. 
These vouchers describe the bills they cover and show the Executive Com- 
mittee's number, thus enabling Dr. Brown to know just which bills are 
paid and unpaid. 

In addition to this Treasurer Brewster sends a detailed statement at 
regular intervals, showing balance and bills paid. Whenever convenient 
(at annual meetings. League meets, etc.) he submits to the Executive 
Committee a statement in detail, together with all vouchers paid since the 
previous audit, and certificates from banks showing money on hand. 

This system has been adopted by the Illinois division as far as dupli- 
cate vouchers and records are concerned, but as the division offices of sec- 
retary and treasurer are held by the same person, some of the features of 
the system are altered accordingly. 

A North Carolina Wheelwoman. 

She blushingly confesses to the 
age of seventeen. Her name is 
Clara Shaw and her friends claim 
that she is the best wheelwoman in 
North Carolina. She comes of a 
cycling family, has a peculiar 
fondness for hill climbing and has 
been known to embarrass riders 
of the sterner sex by her ability in 
that direction. Miss Shaw, who 
is one of the most highly esteemed 
young ladies in Charlotte, is a 
brunette of less than average 
height and weighs 120 pounds. 
The local club men idolize her and 
are proud of her mother. "Many 
of them," writes "Hickory," 
"would be proud to have such a 
mother — even in the form of a 
MISS CLARA SHAW. mother-iu-law." 




Chief Consul Holm's Denial. 
Chief Consul Holm writes from St. Louis denying the report that he 
stated the existence of a movement among certain divisions, including 
Missouri, to secede from the L. A. W. unless negro exclusion were enforced. 
He adds: "We tried it once — in 1884 — and were glad to get back into the 
fold." 

CHAFF. 



Giraffes and some other creatures hold their heads high, but they are 
not, consequently, high-minded. There are some Pecksniffian people in 
cycling who remind one of a sort of giraffe. 



There is some talk of organizing a club at Galena, la. 

Allen and Sachtleben passed through Dallas, Texas, about February 20. 

W. A. Fletcher & Co., Chicago, have a few Cyclist Annuals and Stan- 
ley Show numbers still on sale. 

Frank Park and Will Glatte are planning to take a party of Kendall- 
ville, Ind., riders to the World's Fair. 

The statement in a contemporary that the St. Louis cyclists have not 
held a wheelmen's hop since '86 is wrong, according to a St. Louis rider, 
who states that the St. Louis C. C. has given two since that time — one in 
1890 and another last month. 

Wheelmen who are wise will ship their wheels to Chicago some time 
before they come to the World's Fair, unless they prefer to hire wheels 
here. The latter plan, we understand, will be entirely feasible, but many 
will naturally prefer to use their own machines. 

The North End Wheelmen will have a run from Philadelphia to the 
World's Fair next fall. The start will be made on August i, the route to 
be through Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois, returning through 
Illinois, Michigan, Canada, New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. 

The St. Louis Cycling Club will be represented on the road and path 
this year by A. G. Harding, O. L. Rule, W. J. Cox, E. N. Sanders, 
W. Wicks, Gus Loeffel, Geo. Tivy and W. P. Laing. The racing suit 
adopted is a blue jersey racing shirt, having a white Maltese cross 
embroidered on the breast, bloomer knee-pants and blue hook-down cap 
with a white Maltese cross on top. 



THB BBARINGS 




FRANK EGAN'S OPINION. 



What the N. C. A. Secretary Thinks of the Racing Problem Now. 

Frank Egan, in a chat on last Friday, expressed some dissatisfaction 
because the Racing Board failed to ask him for testimony concerning the 
Nashville party of record-breakers who have been removed from the ban 
of surveillance. "I had testimony and was perfectly willing to part with 
it," he said. Concerning the new condition of cycle racing inaugurated 
by the League, he was asked if the chances of the cash prize league had 
not been lessened thereby. "Not a bit of it," he cried optimistically. 
"Couldn't have played into our hands better. I believe the rule will now 
be strictly enforced, and as I also believe the demand among racing men 
for value will continue to increase, the end seems perfectly clear. As to 
our chances in Chicago. I will say this: our people are prepared to undergo 
a profitless year at that point. There is one thing about this proposed 
track for international races which impresses me. It means, I think, that 
the League will go to large expense and that in the end Mr. A. G. Spald- 
ing, or the Chicago Base Ball Club, if you prefer, will own a fine cycle 
track at very small cost. Stick a pin in that. 

"I am much amused by the published denials of this and that racing 
man that they have joined or intend to join the N. C. A. Let me suppose 
a case for you. John Smith applies to us for membership. He is admitted 
and he carries his little certificate around in his pocket without saying a 
word. He knows very well that when the proper time comes he can, if he 
becomes dissatisfied under the new rules, flop right over and so give the 
smart interviewers a surprise party. ' ' 

There are rumors that Mr. Egan or some one associated with him may 
take a car load of racing men to California — when the good ship Anticipa- 
tion reaches the N. C. A. harbor, perhaps. 



French Tax on Cycles. 
The French chamber of deputies has resolved to impose a tax of ten 
francs (about 50 cents) upon every cycle used in France. The vote was 300 
against 176. 



W. B. Clark, president of the Samia (Ont.) Bicycle Club, is authority 
for the statement that the annual meet of the Canadian Wheelmen's Asso- 
ciation will be held at Sarnia July i, 2, 3. 



Mr. Wilcox of the Stover Company, went to Philadelphia last night in 
connection with a deal on Phoenix wheels, which will, he asserts, cover the 
biggest single_order^of '93'so far. 



OUR COU NTRY COUSINS. 

A Young Tourist-Lecturer. 

Shirley Symons, of Saginaw, a boy now 14 years of age, last summer 
rode alone on his bicycle several hundreds of miles. He will tell of his 
trip in the M. E. church on January 19. The subject of his lecture will be, 
"A Boy's Trip on a Bicycle through England and Scotland." — Ann Arbor 
(Mich.) Argus. 

Wanted — A Bicycle to Talk German. 
A second bicycle has come to town — the fever spreads. Even Wm. 
Hildebrandt would buy one if he thought he would make it understand 
German. — Litchfield (Minn.) Independent. 



It Will Probably be Dust. 
Jack Royce now spends his spare hours riding a bicycle, and we 
understand several others will try their skill on the wheel before many 
weeks pass by. Cashier Jameson and B. F. Pitman are on the list and will 
probably surprise their friends by covering themselves with glory — and 
Chadron dust — in a couple of weeks. — Chadron (Neb.) Citizen. 



Good for the Drug Business. 
L. B. Hogue has purchased a bicycle and is now practicing on it out on 
back streets. If you see him with court plaster on his face and his arm in 
a sling, you can guess what the matter is. — Santa Paula (Cal.) Chronicle. 



A Racing Man Hard Up. 
Will sell or trade a first-class Champion bicycle for cash, cattle, corn, 
hogs or dogs. Call at the office. — Alma (Neb.) Record. 



A High-low Affair. 

Mr. Burton Smith, the well known attorney, has the highest bicycle in 
the city. It was made to order to get the proper reach. Ordinary man- 
kind, or at least mankind of ordinary length, will not attempt to borrow 
Mr. Smith's elevated wheel.— Atlanta (Ga.) Journal. 



The Kansas Division Meet. 
It has been definitely determined that Fort Scott^is to have"" the meet 
of the Kansas division for i8q2. A mail vote of the board of oflScers re- 
sulted in four votes being cast for that city. No other city received any 
votes. Chief Consul'Harris, being a resident of Fort Scott, took no part 
in the proceeding. The Solid City Wheelmen promise to outdo them- 
elves'on'July 4 and 5,_when ^he^meet is to be held. 



THE BEARINGS. 



C"iLf7'-i 






RIGHT OR WRONG? 



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OUR POLICY 



A journal devoted exclusively to the cj-cle trade forms a medium be- 
tvyeen manufacturer and dealer. The Be.\rings occupies a broader field. 
It is the rider's p^iper and is conducted upon the theory that a medium 
between manufacturer and dealet and between these and the rider is most 
valuable to all concerned. Results have proved the correctness of our 
theory, faithful adherence to which has plactd our circulation — trade and 
general — far above that of any other independent cycling journal. 

AMERICAN CYCLING POETS. 



A writer who knows somewhat of the scientific construction of poetry 
recently gave American cycling rhymesters a rather severe mauling because, 
he asserted, they know less of the technique of the art than their English 
brethren. His criticism was actuated by some pretty lines which appeared 
in the Spectator, of London, and which were reprinted in a cycling weekly. 
The lines opened in this fashion: 

I'm a literary bicj-clist — I skim the primrose path 

Of dalliance with the muse of learned ease; 
I scribble in the magazines, and take a daily bath 
In the deep Pierian spring of journalese. 

Our irascible friend barks up the wrong tree. The verses by which he 
dares to draw odious comparisons not only originated in a non-cycling 
journal, but they were far superior to the usual run of verse in the English 
wheeling press. True, the average literary capacity of Englishmen is 
greater than that of Americans. John Bull, afoot or on wheel-back, is 
prolific of terse pro?e and poetic jingle. He "writes to the papers" upon 
the slightest provocation, while Jonathan is busily chasing the nimble 
eagle of commerce. The average Yankee writes little that in critical 
language can be classed with the practiced productions of his friend across 
the herring pond; but there are exceptions. If American poets be lacking (?) 
in technical skill they excel in native imaginative strength. 

Comparatively few of the cycling jingles of England and Ireland are 
copied in this country. They are commonplace, full of localisms. They 
are not to be compared with the verses with which, a few years ago, our 
cycling journals were blessed. Did our hyper-critical friend know the 
work of Charles Richard Dodge? Of S. Conant Foster? Did he ever read 
MacOwen's "Rhymes of Road and River?" What of the verses of 
"Pedals" Collins, now in Paris; the clever adaptations of Arthur Young, of 
St. Louis, whose songs, like those of Angus Hibbard, formerly of Milwau- 
kee, are still sung? 

Coming down to later days, we call to mind the honest feeling which 
percolates through the refined lines of "Star" Kempton, of Cincinnati, 
and the blank verse of Packard, of Toledo. Our own contrioutor, "Sandy 
Hook," can be exalting when he isn't funny, and his writings are often 
copied in the land of Shakspeare. 

What all these men know of hendecasyllabics or the finer rules of 
scansion we dinna ken. For all we know some of them cannot distinguish 
iambics from trochaics; but we are pleased to be very well satisfied with 
them. Their motives are poetic — that is enough. Let us pat them 
encouragingly on the back, not maul them. Pedantic attention to rules 
represses tUe energy of genius. 



It pleases us to look back at some features of last week's convention 
and Assembly with a critical eye. There were features which gave cycling 
affairs, particularly those of the L. A. W., a new countenance. It is not 
meet that we should all rush up and, in a burst of impetuous innocence, 
kiss that countenance immediately and bid it welcome, simply because a 
number of professedly wise men who were delegates to the Assembly did 
so. Now don't get angry, gentlemen of the Assembly and convention. 
You are only human, and humanity is subject to impulses. In three 
instances — the negro question, publication of L. A. W. addresses and 
ignoring of the mail vote idea — you were placed under the same influences 
which bring strong men to their knees in revival meetings. Spontaneity 
acts independently of reason, but reason prevails in the end, and that 
brings us to the point. We wish to set in motion the machinery of reason 
which was temporarily deranged by legislative surroundings which we 
sincerely believe unduly swayed the minds of men unaccustomed to hard 
parliamentary work. We want League members to exercise the privilege 
of after-thought — to judge whether certain features of the new counte- 
nance are right or wrong. 

Thb Bearings is the unhappy possessor of the fact that two Illinois 
men, both very prominent in the League, were unfaithful to some of their 
constituents, whose proxies they carried. The proxies instructed them to 
vote one way — they voted the other way. We hardly know what to say. 
The gentlemen concerned certainly had no motives but the best. They 
surely believed — and one of them so stated — that upon returning home 
they could satisfactorily explain their breach of instructions to those who 
entrusted them with proxies; but it is quite as certain — for the other one 
so stated — that the breach was regretted afterward. No matter upon what 
issues the proxies were wrongfully voted. They were voted against 
instructions. They were for that reason morally valueless, and the wrong- 
doers stand before their constituents in the same light that falls upon a 
man who speculates with his employer's money, fully intending to return 
it and always anxious to "explain matters." 

There was another Illinois delegate — a man whom we regard with the ■ 
warmest personal feelings — who was apparently not alive to the import- 
ance of his trust. He carried, we understand, about 300 proxies to Phila- 
delphia. His train was late. A handsome man does not like to appear 
among his feMows unshaven and covered with the dust of travel. Under 
ordinary circumstances he may pardonably spruce up and walk into public 
a clean, cool man. But this was no ordinary circumstance. Many of the ■ 
300 proxies mentioned must have borne the signatures of thinking men, , 
who earnestly wanted to wield the proxy power. Their thinking and their 
power availed them not, for their delegate entered the Assembly room 
about three minutes after a motion had been passed, that no more creden- 
tials would be received. 

A few delegates, who held proxies of opposite intent concerning negro 
exclusion, voted both ways. Mr. Kirkpatrick's eloquent expressions of; 
patriotism had not hypnotized them away from duty. They did right. 
Others voted for the negro with proxies which were against him. Theji 
did wrong. 

We have no specific knowledge that proxies were wrongfully used in 
the convention -^hen it was voted to take all legislative power from the: 
general membership and lodge it with the Assembly, but the fact remains; 
that League members have emphatically shown their desire for the; 
privilege of the mail vote, and it was not the right of the proxy holders to 
vote as they did unless they explicitly followed instructions. More hypnot- 
ism? 

Publication of full L. A. W. addresses — we all know perfectly well 
what the wishes of the League have been in that respect. President Bur- 
dett stated to a Bearings man in Chicago some time ago that if thei 
League voted in favor of publishing those addresses it would be done; yeti 
he arose at Philadelphia and declared his belief that the Wheelman Com- 
pany contract would make it impossible. In that connection, the chief 1 
consul of Michigan was an example of the undue influences that were at 
work in the Assembly, and which upset the sober thoughts and conclusions 
of a year. The absurd point had been made by Josephs. Dean, a shrewd 
lawyer, who plainly and boldly used his membership in the Assembly for 
the purpose of protecting the interests of the oflicial organ, of which he is 
an employe, that cycling papers which had voiced the desire for full ad- 
dresses were actuated not by that desire but by their own business inter- 
ests. This western chief consul arose and stated that "we" in Michigan 
did believe those addresses should be published, but that "we," after 
listening to the plea of the other side (the side of a Boston business con- 
cern), had changed "our" minds. The publisher of one cycling journal, 
who had several amendments under consideration, was given the floor and 
ignominiously failed to refute the absurd point just mentioned. The 
editor of an eastern paper did try to do so but could not catch the chair- 
man's eye. 



THE BEARINGS. 



Enough. While certain actions at Philadelphia may prove to be all- 
wise, we firmly believe a mail vote upon some of the measures would have 
been the proper thing, and these words are in bjhalf of League members 
whose proxy rights we consider to have been morally violated; but we will 
not cry too loud, lest someone sing the song: 

There is a bird who, by his coat, 

And by the hoarseness of his note, 

Might be supposed to be a crow. 



NOVEL EFFE CT OF BAD ROADS. 

If John Milton Boohor, a farmer who resides in the vicinity of Edin- 
burg, Indiana, is not now an ardent advocate for road improvement, he is 
certainly a very callous individual. Mr. Boohor is unmarried. He 
recently concluded that it would not be a half bad idea if someone could 
preside over his domicile while he tended to crops. He advertised for a 
wife. His advertisement was answered by a young lady by the name of 
Knox, whose home was in one of the northern counties in the state. Her 
household effects were shipped to the nearest railroad station at Edinburg 
and she procured a team and driver to take her to her future home, 
twenty miles away. When the first resting station for teams was reached, 
which was six miles out, her heart failed her on account of rough and 
muddy roads, and she ordered the driver to return her to the railroad 
station, from which she returned to her home. 

John, we are sorry and glad. Sorry, because you have lost a wife. 
Glad, because we faithfully believe you will no longer be Boohor-ish 
enough to be satisfied amongst those other farmers who clap down their 
ears like Arcadian asses at the melody of the army of road improvement 
musicians. 



GOVERNOR MC KINLEY 'S MISFORTUNE. 

It may be an unusual diversion from strictly cycling topics to speak of 
the misfortune which has befallen Governor McKinley, of Ohio, the man 
who is known as the promoter of that famous protectionist measure, the Mc- 
Kinley bill; but we feel that, as an honorary member of the Century Road 
Club and Chicago Cycling Club, he is entitled to receive an expression of 
that sympathy which kindles in the heart of every true wheelman and 
wheel woman when fellow beings suffer, no matter whether that suffering 
be in the form of mental astigmatism on the subjects of cycling or improved 
roads, or otherwise. 

Through fidelity to a friend, Mr. McKinley has became financially 
responsible for a treacherous failure. The liability, over fioo, odd, is a sum 
nearly five times as large as he has saved during the forty-nine years of 
his life. Mrs. McKinley declared that she would sacrifice her inherited 
property, worth about $75,000, to help satibfy this liability. That is 
done. The Governor, reduced to poverty, will withdraw from the political 
life which is, in large measure, his own life, and will bravely make a new 
start by practicing law. 

Those members of the National Assembly of the L. A. W. who shook 
the hand and looked into the calm, winning face of the Governor as he 
stood in his private office in Columbus on February 16, 1892, are surely 
with us in spirit when we extend to the great statesman that which is far 
better than long-faced condolence-— an expression of reverent esteem and a 
cordial invitation to cheer up. 

Why, health is wealth. Let the other fellow do the worrying, 
Governor. 



THROUGH SCOTCH EYES. 



In speaking editorially concerning the racing problem in America, the 
Scottish Cyclist says: "A conflict, keen and, like most American ex- 
ploits, not over scrupulous, is sure to arise, the issue of which will be 
watched in this country with breathless interest." 

What oracle is this, that knows so much about American methods that 
it can freely adjudge Americans generally unscrupulous ? Where did our 
canny contemporary learn it all ? Has its editor been here to discover the 
fact (!) or is he talking over the top of his Diogenical tub? The latter, most 
likely. Any one or any journal which will utter such a thing with- 
out absolute knowledge is in "a state of mind " which should be relieved 
immediately. It presages a weakening, a breaking up of the perceptive 
and logical faculties which should be looked after. Such flabber-gab con- 
cerning things American is not new. We have been treated to it for a long 
time. Time cures all wrongs and there is nothing to do, we suppose, but 
to wait with what patience we may for it to cease. In the meantime, it is 
comforting to know that nearly every visit to America by subjects of 
Queen Vic. means a dispelling of the illusion, a more perfect understanding 
of Americans in the British mind. Surely our Scotch friend is unfamiliar 
with the published observations of his own countryman. Prof. Bryce, M. P. 
Ye may be an auld bairn, but ye have muckle to learn, Scootchmon. 



Chief Consul Perkins has a wonderful faculty for getting into the 
wrong pew. 

It will soon be here again — "John S. Cinnamon, i; A. A. Spindle, 2; 
Wobbles, 3. Time, — ." 

We can understand and forgive the bitterness of Thomas T. Roe 
toward his so-called friends. 



Young lady cyclists with pretty hair will find the last few issues of the 
official organ excellent as papillotes. 



By the token of orator Willison, the voice of Maryland will not be a 
weakling in future L. A. W. legislation. 



The time approacheth when you have but to tickle the great American 
road with a pneumatic tire and it laughs a harvest of mud. 



A certain Chicago club is likely to hear from its non-resident members 
if something radical is not done soon towards building the long promised 
club house. 

There are good social reasons why the South opposes the negro mem- 
ber and good political reasons why the North does not. That is the North 
and South of it. 

It has been carefully estimated that the end of the extraordinarily 
long report of the Philadelphia proceedings will appear in the organ before 
the next annual Assembly is called. 



Mr. Walter Groves, who has succeeded Mr. Sisley as editor of Cycling, 
is a remarkably brijiht man with a brain full of sound sense, which he em- 
bellishes with a jocularity peculiar to himself. 



It is not unlikely that the faces of some League members will be 
"sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought" when they know that their 
proxies were not voted as instructed, at Philadelphia. 



L. A. W. laws, as now amended, require that all aoplications shall be 
endorsed by two League members and subject to any provisions in division 
by-laws. This is division option as to the negro or any other applicant, if 
you please. 

President Burdett, we are "agin" you and will be until you show that 
there was no connection between the scarcity of detailed information con- 
cerning Good Roads and your opposition against having the League 
equipped with an independent auditing committee. 



Chairman Raymond, we wish to compliment you upon that excellently 
prepared article on the Nashville-Milwaukee cases. It was a pretty scoop 
for our New York contemporary and must have taken days to prepare. 
Entre nous, whenever you want to help some one paper to a scoop, don't 
X\y to deceive the other papers inio believing that you would like to 
oblige them all; awfully sorry, etc. The best offences is a shaky, uncom- 
fortable tiling to straddle. 



It is very hard to defeat a Republican in Philadelphia, yet the Asso- 
ciated Cycling Clubs of that city doused the glim of a very influential 
Republican who aspired to a prominent office in last week's election. He 
was on record as opposing asphalt paving for a certain part of Broad street 
and, though only a small percentage of wheelmen live in his ward, organ- 
ized effort defeated him. Philadelphia is the only city in the world where 
the cycling power is fully appreciated and used. Verbum sap. 



While honest confessions are undoubtedly good for the soul, it is with 
no super-abundant hilarity that we confide to those of our readers who may 
not have noticed it, that a few batches of the matter telegraphed from 
Philadelphia last week were transposed in "making up." About five 
paragraphs were misplaced, thereby somewhat lessening the clearness; but 
the meaning was only changed in three places. Mr. Watts, of Kentucky, 
spoke five minutes, not half an hour. Tuesday's session closed at 6:31 p. 
m.; the time given, 10:45, applying to Monday. In the editorial, the sen- 
tence beginning "We should say that the principal ailment of the move- 
ment," etc., should have been placed in the paragraph below it, concern- 
ing an auditing committee. The headings over the cartoons should have 
read: "Fired?" "Not yet." 



Rub Up. 
People who rub their arras or legs for rheumatism should remember 
that the secret of the benefit derived from massage is that the operator 
always rubs np, that is, in the direction of the heart. The reason is found 
in the fact that the valves of the veins and capillaries all open toward the 
heart, and by rubbing in that direction the action of these vessels is 
assisted, the vessels themselves enlarged, and circulation is more fully 
promoted. Rubbing down, that is, away from the heart, does harm, for it 
clogs the veins and capillaries by impeding the circulation, without in the 
least assisting the action of the arteries, which lie too deep to be affected 
by external friction, even if it could do them any good. — St. Louis Globe- 
Democrat. 



THK BEARINGS. 




\XN,V^"-"'V//^ 




UKn.THElEVlL^HDorfEl^-a^oM%J^SS^^^£ 



PHILADELPHIA MEMORIES. 



"And lo! my brook became a river and my river became a sea." 

When one has carefully observed the details, the little happenings, of 
events as lively as the recent convention and National Assembly, and sits 
him down to describe them, such a jumble of thought floods the mind as to 
change prospective pleasure into the semblance of a task. Many of the 
details were published last week. I will grab at random and serve what I 
catch. 

Being earnestly interested in some of the measures, I was much im- 
pressed with the sudden manner in which opinions were changed upon 
subjects which had been deliberately treated for a year past and upon 
which, in many instances, deliberate conclusions had been formed. It is 
said that many a granger statesman changes his principles and breaks 
the iron-clad resolutions after he reaches Congress — with the skilful aid of 
professional lobbyists. I do not know just how much lobbying was done at 
Philadelphia. Some of the speeches seemed lobbyistic. Whatever the influ- 
ences were, they were of the " git thar " order and more than one delegate, 
after listening with unsophisticated ears to sundry hot debates, patriotic 
orations and what not, utterly forgot where he was at or what he was there 
for and allowed his confused soul to be carried away on the wings of that 
sublime sentiment, " Let her go Gallagher." 

Mr. Willison, the orator who came out of the confines of " My Mary- 
land " and surprised the veterans by his incisive talk and apparently inti- 
mate knowledge of parliamentary law and current cycling topics, is young 
to be a leader. He did not look the executive. He seemed rather to have 
large advisory power, attended by a goodly share of independence, which 
took the antagonist's level and fought the matter out. At times he spoke 
quite deliberately; anon he would send forth a rapid broad-cast of hot 
shot which 

Echoed Cracklingly Through the Hall 
and gave the stenographer's back a painful hump. At first he talked from 
a back seat, but after he had become better acquainted with the " folks " 
he remained principally in front of the platform, near the end, where his 
tall form, long, smooth, sagacious face and rather small head was con- 
stantly observed by the Assembly. He became an eager debater and 
easily caught the chairman's eye — in fact, Chairman Burdett found him a 
hpndy spokesman once or twice, judging by his beckoning and whispered 
conferences with the Marylander. We will hear from Mr. Willison again. 

It would be hard to forget the half-appealing way in which Vice Pres- 
ident Brown, in resuming the negro exclusion debate, referred to Mr. Kirk- 
patrick's oratory. His manner seemed to say: " This is too bad, Mr. K. 
""iou are a wicked man. You have knocked our pins from under us and 
left us all a-floundering in the nasty salt water off" the Samoan isles ! " 

Charles S. Atwater, ex-chairman of the Racing Board and an esteemed 
delegate from Washington, is unusually frank in his impulses, friendly and 
otherwise. He is so cast that when he has aught to say of another man, 
be it pleasing or disagreeable, he communicates his feelings to that man 
without delay and without any preliminary skirmishing among the 
gossips. 

The brightly uttered theories of Edward J. Shriver, of New York, were 
conspicuously absent. Perhaps he was not a delegate this year. 

Vice President Sheridan frequently relieved President Burdett as 
chairman, and he did his work well. He is handsome, healthy, popular. 

Sagaciously iron-willed as ever — Charles Luscomb, of New York. He 
and Messrs. Kirkpatrick and Dunn were the three ex-presidents present. 
Mr. Kirkpatrick seems to grow no older, while James R. Dunn's appear- 
ance as a gentleman of ease and all-round good fellow is more polished 
than ever. 

Mr. Perkins, the Massachusetts leader, occupied a place about twenty 
feet from and directly in front of the chairman. Wnen he was not making 
life miserable for that ofEcer he was often on his feet, looking quickly 
here and there as if 

In Eager Quest of a "Scrap" 
with somebody or anybody. A most energetic man. 

"Mr. Potter is always tragic," remarked a well known press-man, who 
has frequently seen the editor of Good Roads speak. I will say for Mr. 
Potter that appearances are against him and are not borne out by results, 
for while he always moves along on an elevated plane of speech, he seldom 
sits down without having caused a laugh or at least a general smile. 

"Now then! Awast there, ye jolly tars! Heigh ho! Whoop her 
up, for we are hotstuph and this is going to be the greatest year of racing 
we will ever know ! There's millions in it ! " — Howard E. Raymond, the 
man of electric vim. Goodness! How that man could rake in ads for a 
cycling paper or sell eye-water ! 

President Burdett is a masterly defender — one of the sort that aggra- 
vatingly reach out over the ramparts and pull out locks of the enemy's 
hair. After each of the several set-tos in which he engaged Mr. Perkins, 
in front of the platfom., he would retire to an obscure spot near the press- 
men and there stand like Hamlet, with a poor-Yorick-I-knew-him-well 
look upon his face; muttering, listening, ready to instantly rush out and 
in dashing style remove another hirsute tuft from the scalp of the aggressor. 
That reminds me that the Colonel's forehead is getting very, very high, 
but his alertness keeps him out of that class referred to by Mr. Potter as 
being "bald-headed inside." 



Chief Consul Boyle's name is inapropos. Never saw a cooler man. 
He is assistant district attorney in Philadelphia; is a fine looking, heavy- 
weight brunette; a man who could nfever suffer want while woman's eyes 
could watch him; a man who talks easily but never commits himself; a 
man who actually rides a bicycle. 

W. W. Watts, a robust, hard-worked, sincere Kentucky gentleman, 
who patiently carried a heavy burden as spokesman of the anti-negro fac- 
tion. He won for the South the sympathy of the North, but the North 
was afraid — and so he did not win its votes. 



On the B. & O. 

And so I might run on for hours. The Assembly was a treat. Per- 
haps you were there. Let's repeat the trip home to Chicago, over the pic- 
turesque B. & O. We will stop half a day in Washington and, when vre 
continue westward, carry in our mental satchel notes of a delightful some- 
thing which is imparted by the gentle, sympathetic manners of the South- 
ron — a something which makes a Northerner, accustomed to receive and 
administer brusquerie, wish that he might gather up his goods and chat- 
tels and emigrate south of Mason and Dixon's line, where that heaven up- 
on earth known as gentleness between men may be almost realized. 

After passing Grafton, I think, a place where food is assimilated on 
the now-you-see-it-and-now-you-don't system, we run bang into a snow 
storm; not a freezing blizzard — one of the soft, fluffy sort. That frowsy 
trip among the mountains is like a run through fairy-land. First, along 
green streams, the banks fringed with bushes of da'-ker green, bowed 
down with white, heaven-sent fruit which closely hems the water's edge. 
Now past an old-fashioned water-mill and, later, widely scattered log 
homes, with snow between the logs where the mud has washed away, and 
among the crevices of the great, rough stone chimneys. Then into a range 
of smaller hills, where the driving white snow, stately green cedars, short 
brown oaks, grayish rocks and mammoth icicles form singularly beautiful 
combinations of shape and color; and finally around, over and through 
the higher mountains. As we swing along we look from the windows up 
into great glens, the ground chickly strewn with tangled bushes and 
nourishing the roots of forest trees; jingles of feathery crystals pendant 
from every twig, the air full of drifting white flakes and the cheery, glim- 
mering sunlight percolating and dancing merrily through it all. 

And about this time some red-headed kicker shambles down the aisle 
and grumbles: " Dam train's three hours late." 



Theory and Practice. 

A general notion prevails that slippery tracks of street railways can be 
safely crossed by a cyclist at a right angle only. This is a mistake. The 
angle makes not the slightest difference so long as the bicycle is kept 
exactly vertical. — American Cyclist. 

If Editor Goodman is responsible for the above he is a beautiful 
theorist. I would like to have him dabble in actual practice, with a dirty 
car track, a smooth air tire and an angle of forty-five degrees as the imple 
ments of torture, for the brief period of one minute. Then I should photo 
graph him. 

There Was a Man. 

That is, a male. Cold, sarcastic; a long, Saturnine face; lengthy nose, 
with a peculiar droop denoting selfishness; mouth easily curled to scorn; 
eyes narrow, color steely gray; forehead long — jealousy; head small- 
backed — loveless; skin hotly red — irascible; a slow walk, the movement 
like that which a long-legged, hoofed Satyr might have; benevolence? No 
signs of it. Add a trident, a tail and a little red fire to the picture and you 
have a striking simile. 

This person concluded to edit a cycling paper. His preliminary verbal 
announcements offensively belittled future contemporaries. He caused 
the alleged fact that he was educated to be nauseatingly advertised. 
What more likely than that such a nature should fiercely scream because, 
in a friendly paragraph commenting upon the first number of his paper, 
one unfavorable remark was made. After having personally asked and 
received an explanation of the friendly purpose of the paragraph, he 
offered assurances of good-will, suggested avoidance of controversy, waited 
two weeks and — administered an ugly stab in the back. 

It is perfectly easy to distinguish between opinions actuated by frank- 
ness and retorts having nothing to back them but a transparently low 
spirit of revenge. A certain class of readers may acquire a morbid inter- 
est in the latter system; the use of foul language, unmistakably indicative 
of fcul thoughts, may win indulgence from that class; but I have faith 
enough in the prevalence of common decency to hope not. This is dedi- 
cated to a person who argues himself ignorant of that manhood which may 
even be found in the souls of dunces. 

I deplore the necessity for this analysis of that which I consider an 
unworthy antagonist. To those who would relish a controversy I say: go 
to blazes, and my compliments be with you. 

A Central Club Room For Chicagoans. 
Over a year ago I strongly recommended the idea of selecting some 
central establishment in Chicago where cyclists could eat and chat to- 
gether. The "Rag Shop" does not entirely fill the ideal. I am glad to 
know that E. H. Wilcox, of the Stover Company, and others are now at 
work on the idea and would suggest that an exclusively cyclists' rendes- 
vous, owned by the Associated Clubs, should not be impossible. 

I am so sorry that I cannot oppose the N. C. A. because its organ is 
cruelly lamming little Ariel. 



Ha ha! With what wicked pleasure will the Wheean Clmompany put 
n its little bill for extra printing this year ! 



Our recent bit of chaffs, "Does Cycling Cause Baldness," is taken as 
au grand serieux in America. — British Sport. South America, perhaps. 



^.^^Vietryi,Jt 



THE BBARINGS. 



IMPRESSIONS O F AN E VERY-DAY MAN. 

The move for better roads is gaining ground like the snow ball the boys 
start down hill at the time the sun begins to make itself felt. Little by 
little it increases in size, gathering in its course not only the wise and far 
eeeing, but the prejudiced and unthinking, as the snow ball picks up leaves 
and twigs ; covering them under a mantle of utility as the snow ball covers 
the refuse with a mantle of white, until at last it sweeps every obstacle be- 
fore it. I cut the following from Judge, the great comic journal. Coming 
from the source that it does it carries with it a deal of influence that will 
be appreciated by the road reformers : 

"The country road must be made better ; and happily the old-fashioned farmer, who 
wouldn't spend tlve cents to make five dollars further on, is passing away. There are 
farmers today who have some respect for the comfort and pleasure of their wives, and 
eke for their own ; and a market an hour's distance instpad of five hours off has come to 
be a consummation to be soon consummated. The bicycle is a great reformer. It will 
accomplish in improved roads more than the years of thought and talk in behalf of that 
reform of Governor Seymour and Governor Hill." 

The bicycle and its rider have been laughed at, lampooned and jeered 
at by the daily press, and the paper in question has time and again sent 
out clever illustrations ridiculing the new vehicle. Nevertheless the con- 
stant dropping has at last worn away the stone, and at last the "crank" 
is getting the honor for the splendid work he has done in the furtherance 
of a noble work. He is no longer a " dude," no longer a bicycle crank or 
fool. They have attained a place worthy of a name and bicycles and 
cyclists are no longer terms of obloquy but of respect and honor. No 
reform that has been advocated during a decade is so worthy of serious 
attention as this one, so long striven for by the wheelmen, and none have 
been advocated with a purer motive. There is little honor and no "boodle" 
in it for its defenders. That they have in a sense a selfish motive I am free 
to admit. ' Mighty few human reforms are sought unless there be a human 
motive, which is but another word for selfishness. In the present instance, 
however, this very selfishness is a point in its favor. 

A good road means ease of transportation for all. Man and beast alike 
are benefitted. It means increased luxury for all, increased wealth for all 
and it means hardship to no one. Few reforms can say as much. Even the 
man who must walk partakes of the comforts of the perfect highway, while 
he who needs must stay at home reaps a share of the profit in the de- 
creased cost of produce which can be easily and quickly carried to his door. 
The making of good and serviceable highways will act as a stimulant to 
industry (artificial if you will, but still a help) which, in the present state 



of the labor market, will be a godsend to the day laborer. The farmer will 
be benefitted by just the difference in the cost of delivering his product at 
the market; the rich by the increased pleasure in traveling, and the cyclist 
most of all, in the keen joy that he will experience in passing over well 
kept roadways. Herein is the selfish motive. Good roads mean more in- 
telligence, more comfort, greater wealth to the nation and cleaner morals 
to all. 

I heard a remark today that has in it a deal of food for reflection. 
Talking with a well known carriage dealer in a western city, he remarked : 
" I have noticed a marked difference between the cycle salesmen who come 
to my oflSce this season and those who were wont to call on me in the past, 
and I must say that the improvement is marvellous. Last year and before 
the bicycle man would come tearing up to my door, generally out of breath 
and covered with sweat ; he was nearly always clad in a sweater and knee 
breeches and generally was without a coat. He used a lot of bicycle slang, 

said that the wheel was no good, was inclined to go out with the 

'boys,' was always a braggart and in the majority of cases a most brilliant 
liar. Those who have called on me this season, with one or two exceptions, 
were very gentlemanly fellows, evidently knew what they were talking 
about, evinced a desire not to bore me, were intelligent, good talkers and, 
tpking them all around, were as fine a lot of drummers as I have ever seen. 
I must say that I want to congratulate the bicycle makers on the change." 

Rather hard on the " push," wasn't it i but it is an actual conversation, 
nevertheless, and the gentleman who made the remarks is a very desirable 
customer. I am mighty glad, to use an old Yankee expression, that the 
change has come. I can remember the time — and the memory is very 
fresh — when I felt ashamed almost to acknowledge that I was a bicycle 
man, for it is generally supposed that a man is known by the company he 
keeps, and I have never had any anxiety whatever to be thought a member 
of the " push." I am beginning to get back my self-respect. Such men 
as Pratt, Kennedy-Child, Weaver, Patee, Hendee, Golder and not too many 
others, are raising the standard and the manufacturers are beginning to 
learn that it pays to employ gentlemen even though they do cost a little 
more. The effects of the Philadelphia Show are commencing to be felt. 
Buyers have kept pretty close track of the sayings and doings at that 
colossal exhibition and it is astonishing how much information the aver- 
age country dealer has managed to lay away. Those who did not go to the 
Show were careful to read ail the papers had to say about it. As a matter 
of economy to the manufacturer and the retail dealer the Show was a bril- 
liant success. I am satisfied in my own mind that Buffalo is the place to 
hold the next one, and I am also satisfied that it ought to be a permanent 
institution. Bolav. 



HOW CAN THEY GET AROUND IT? 




It is only natural to assume that, since a racing man is of most value as an advertisement when he can pass as a pure amateur, those interested in 
him in a business way are not averse to helping him evade the law. Hence the above placement of our cartoonistic family. When the shamateur takes 
a step, Simon Pure cannot remain far behind. If "Shammy" tries to get around the new amateur laws and drops, that base-ballistic creature, the 
N. C. A., will cease its vigil on the cold rocks of desire and gather in his remains. Note that "Shammy" grows aweary with worrying, while Simon 
is fattening nicely, thank^.you. 



THE BEARINQS. 



BURDETT DENIES IT. 



The President of the League Says That the A. A. U. did not Compel the 

L. A. W. to Adopt a Stricter Amateur Rule. — Cash Prize People 

Retrenching. 



New York, February 27. — President Burdett was in New York last 
Saturday and was justly indignant at the story published in the Sun that 
the L. A. W. was compelled by the Amateur Athletic Union to adopt a 
stricter amateur rule. Now the idea of this is ridiculous. It is well known 
that no representative of the A. A. U., either personally or by letter, 
expressed to the L- A. W. president or to any of its ofificials any opinions 
upon the amateur rule or the alliance. The supposition that the A. A. U. 
was in any way responsible for the framing of an austere amateur definition 
originated in the mind of some space-filling reporter on the Sun as even 
J. E. Sullivan, the secretary of the A. A. U., scoffed at the intimation and 
added that there was additional untruth in the statement that Howard 
Perry and himself found it necessary to ask the League men to continue 
the alliance. The secretary of the Union asserts that the L. A. W. and 
A. A. U. took no ofiicial action whatever upon the matter. Mr. Perry went 
to the Philadelphia meeting not as an envoy of the A. A. U., but as a 
representative of a Washington cycle club, and had no conversation what- 
ever with President Burdett upon the subject of the alliance. 

The Irvington-Milburn Race. 
The matter of road racing has just been touched upon in this section. 
Mr. Barkman, the originator of the Irvington-Milburn race, has expressed 
a willingness to place the management of the affair in the hands of the 
Metropolitan Association of Cycling Clubs this season, provided the com- 
mittee which assumes charge has no identification with either the trade or 
press. His provision is an admirable one and it is hoped that the M. A. 
C. C, assuming that they have agreed to his offer, will be able to manage 
the race successfully. The entry list for the Milburn contest should be 
much larger than in previous years, and the prizes should be of greater 
value. For the past two years the idea of changing the course has been 
suggested, and there is no better time than the present for decisive action. 
It is only three months until the date for the race and the course should be 
chosen at once. 

Concerning the N. C. A. 

It is reported that Charles Ebbetts, of the Brooklyn Base Ball Club, 
has been making some statements about the National Cyclists' Association 
which, if true, are not calculated to inspire new confidence iu those riders 
who may think of joining the N. C. A. for the pots there may be in it. It 
has been said that the track which is to be laid at the Brooklyn grounds 
at Eastern Park will be constructed upon a much lower figure than the 
N. C. A. at first announced, and that furthermore the Association is 
seriously considering the advisability of giving prizes lower than $1,500 
per day. If these facts are true (and it is said that Ebbetts has the confi- 
dence of Mr. Byrne, of the Brooklyn Club) it would seem as though the 
cash prize people are awakening to the necessity of reducing their expendi- 
tures. 

Coney Island Road for Wheelmen. 

The idea that the proposed road which is to be constructed for cyclists' 
use upon the Coney Island boulevard will meet with the opposition of 
residents along that thoroughfare is not entertained by the wheelmen of 
Brooklyn. In speaking with some of the advocates of the scheme I was 
informed that the property owners along the road can find no possible 
objection to the pathway being fixed for the wheelmen since there is a road 
separating the proposed path from the sidewalk in front of the d welling 
houses, and what right property owners will have to complain of a path- 
way which is entirely out of their jurisdiction, is not known. 



Milwaukee Wheelmen Will Have a New Home. 

Milwaukee, Wis., Feb. 28. — Now that Cream City cycling clubs have 
obtained each a good strong membership, they are getting hold of larger 
and more gaudy rooms. The Wheelmen will buy — that was decided yes- 
terday. Their place will cost them f 10,000, of which they have some- 
thing like |i,200 in hand. Bonds will be sold to members and their 
friends and the balance raised that way. This will be easily done, as the 
managers of the Wheelmen are mostly responsible business men and the 
place they will buy is in a section where realty values are stable. 

Some way or other the statement that there would be no Milwaukee- 
Waukesha road race this year got into a good many papers. Chairman 
Schroeder, of the Wheelmen's racing board, denies this rumor. He says 
the annual road race will be run, with more entries and more valuable 
prizes offered than in any past year. 

Three good road bills are pending before the Wisconsin legislature. 
Gov. Peck, who is a road reform shouter, is aching for a chance to sign 
one of them. 

Sanger is a boy and has made some boyish breaks in his time, but he 
never said half the things the papers have put into his mouth. Neither is 
he, as the correspondents of several sporting journals frequently state, un- 
popular among local wheelmen. 

Henry Audrae, delegate to the late convention in Philadelphia, is in 
Boston in the interest of his firm. 



Celebrated the "Wet" Victory. 
Baltimore, Feb. 27. — Handicapper IViullikin showed your correspondent 
the correspondence that had taken place over the Bliss and Murphy cases. 
The letters seemed to plainly indicate that Mullikin had proceeded in the 
cases upon what, at the time, seemed to be good grounds. His son, 
W. H. Mullikin, will soon be in court against the Pennsylvania and 
the N. Y. C. & H. R. railroad about a wheel which they wrecked while 
carrying from this city to Buflfalo last August. A strong point in his case is 
that he holds a receipt paid for freight for the machine. 



Chief Consul Mott and bride will be in Ohio for two weeks. The 
chief is on business for the government. 

February 19 witnessed the initiative of the buffet in the home of 
the Chesapeake Club. A brewer presented cases of beer and the boys 
celebrated their "wet" victory with an ordinary amount of wetness. The 
buffet will now be a regular feature of the club. 

The property of the Maryland Club on Mount Royal avenue has 
proven itself to be one of the best real estate investments in the city. 

Preparing for the Peoria Meet. 

Peoria, Feb. 27. — The Peoria Bicycle Club has applied for and will 
probably get dates for a tournament for the week following the interna- 
tional races at Chicago, in August. Enough money has been guaranteed 
by the club members to insure the club against a loss and work will be 
commenced at once. 

A good deal of interest is manifested in the Bicycle Club's handicap 
billiard and pool tournament and the treasurer collects quite a weekly rev- 
enue from the tables. This will commence Tuesday, March 7. There are 
about ten entries in the billiard contest and twenty in the pool. 

The Saturday night lunches at the club house have become quite an 
attractive feature, and the turnout on that evening is always larger than 
on other evenings. 



CHICAGO ITEMS. 

Last Sunday was a bright, thawing day in Chicago. The Chicago 
Cycling Club opened its road season with a run down the Michigan Central 
R. R. tracks. Captain Root in charge. 

Chicago has two new cycling clubs. The Prairie State Wheelmen, 
incorporated by Rome O'Connel, W. F. Berubeck and Norton F. Stone, 
and the Ramblers' Camping and Cycling Club, Emil E. Wiban, F. D. 
Ehlert and E. G. Ludwig incorporators, are the latest additions. 

The Cook County Wheelmen gave the second of their series of five 
euchre parties last night. Twelve tables were filled. 

The Oak Park C. C. is nothing if not patriotic. It celebrated 
Washington's Birthday by giving a dance. The hall was decorated in the 
national colors. About sixty couples were present. 

Cycles may not be ridden on the World's Fair grounds, but quarters 
will be provided where, at small cost, wheels can be stored and toilets 
arranged. 

The mad winds of March frisked down the broad streets of Chicago 
one day ahead of time — February 28, to wit. The roads were frozen dry, 
old Sol shone cheerily and the last day of winter was signalized by a sud- 
den awakening of cycling enthusiasm. A number of wheelmen rode to 
business. 

Mr. Herrick says the ballots electing Century Road Club oflBcers will 
be counted tonight. 

The Ravenswood Club have donated the second mile-stone to the 
Century Road Club. It will be placed in Lincoln Park, Chicago, at Fuller- 
ton avenue. 




Our SMI1.INO Pbi^t^w-Mbmbbrs. 



THE BEARINGS. 




\A^ILL EXCLUSIVE AGENCIES PAY? 



By exclusive agencies we mean those devoted exclusively to the re- 
tailing of cycles; agencies operated independently of the manufacturer's 
capital. The question is suggested by th=! knovpn effect ot periodical de- 
pressions upon the agencies of today, which occupy a comparatively 
green field and which now encounter only a small part of the competition 
which will exist within a year or two. There is certainly no cause for 
alarm on the part of retail dealers just at this time. The season is open- 
ing promisingly. But it is well to look ahead a bit, in the interest of 
the trade generally and of those whose money is or may be invested, par- 
ticularly. The history of the business in England is useful. There has 
apparently been too much optimism in the tone of the cycling press over 
there, and the situation in the retail trade has been painted with rosy 
colors when actual facts would have warranted a very diflFerent policy on 
the part of the press, which should be a conscientious meter of trade con- 
ditions. 

During the past two years there have been a number of failures among 
English dealers; so many that the attention of the Ironmonger, an organ 
of structural iron and steel producers, has been attracted to the possibility 
of annexing the cycle business. The Cycle Trade Journal, which is pessi- 
mistically inclined, puts the matter in this light: 

The fact cannot be overlooked that the business of a cycle agent is not one at 
which any man can earn a fair remuneration for his time and labor. It is no use dis- 
guising this fact, and attempting to gloss it over; it is only too painfully illustrated by 
the number of failures which have taken place in the cycle trade during the past two 
years. Our advice, therefore, to every cycle agent, is to enter into negotiations as early 
as possible with a view of establishing a connection and a business distinct from the 
cycle trade, which may be carried on for at least six months in the year. 

It might be well for many American dealers who have felt winter de- 
pression to act upon the above advice before it becomes actually necessary. 
Prevention is better than cure. 



Riders' Papers vs. Purely Trade Journals. 

The Bearings is pleased to find that its well known policy concerning 
the kind of circulation which is of most value to the advertiser is in per- 
fect accord with that of an European journal which is unmistakably one of 
the most popular and valuable journals in the trade — the Irish Cyclist. 
That paper has just administered a stinging rebuke to the Cyclist, the 
well known but somewhat ponderous trade authority. The I. C, which 
gives the trade news but is essentially a rider's paper, has, it seems, 
frightened its English contemporary by securing, without using any can- 
vasser whatever, a large number of English advertisements, and the Cyclist 
has sought to retrench by belittling the Irish journal's value. The latter 
retorts with great vigor and submits some harassing facts and figures which 
go to pro"e an apparent fact: the up-to-date rider is the demand which 
encourages the supply. 

An Assignment in St. Louis. 

St. Louis, Feb. 25. — The Truesdale Machine and Arms Company, 
dealers in sewing machines and bicycles, made an assignment to R. H. 
Kern yesterday for the benefit of creditors. Assets, $9,000. The above 
firm was located at 604 north 4th street and handled the Gendron, Psycho, 
Kenwood and Triumph cycles. Jno. L. Stanage, who had handled the 
bicycle end of the business for this company, severed his connection with 
them the first of the year and went into the insurance business. 



NO SADDLE-MAK ER'S WAR IMMINENT. 

Immediately upon learning, last week, that the Garford Mfg. Co., 
makers of the famous Garford saddles, had applied for injunction against 
the Bretz & Curtis Mfg. Co., of Philadelphia, makers of the Solid Comfort 
saddle, The Bearings communicated with all the saddle makers in the 
country to learn if the Garford Company would make a general fight based 
upon their patents. At this writing nothing has been heard from the 
Garford Company. The GormuUy & Jeffery Mfg. Co. write: "We were 
sued by the Garford Co. some months ago. The matter has not come 
to a hearing yet. We do not think we infringe the Garford saddle, and 
continue to make same as before." The Whitten-Godding Cycle Co., 
Providence, say that the Garford Company have assured them that they do 
not infringe. The following firms write that they have received no notice 
of infringement: W. L,. Fish, Newark; The R. S. True Co., Syracuse; The 
Rich & SagerCo., Rochester. Other firms have not replied. 

Leather May Go Up. 
A soulless combination to fix the price of sole leather is on foot down 
East and the chances are that the steps being taken cannot be trodden 
down. This is of interest to cycle saddle makers because the movement 
may result in higher prices. Last spring over 75 per cent of the sole 
leather tanners joined in a sixty-day shut-down and probably even a 
larger number will join this year. The last shut-down did not increase 
prices but a stiff figure was maintained. What the influence on prices will 
be this time remains to be seen. 

New York dispatches of February 27 stated that ninety tanneries 
agreed to go into the combine; that two thirds of the New York leather 
firms attended the meetings of the projectors; that $73,000,000 of the cap- 
ital stock of $100,000,000 has been subscribed for and that when the pro- 
ject is completed many tanneries will be shut down, production limited 
and prices increased. 

Prices Will Be Cut in Baltimore. 
Baltimore, Feb. 27. — It is the unanimous impression of the trade here 
that the episode of the failure of a constitutional agreement of the dealers 
will lead to a throat-cutting business the coming year. The increase of 
riders here must be equal to that of any other city. In spite of this the 
increase in the number of dealers has been proportionately greater. 
Those who are in the trade are lively and ambitious. This naturally leads 
to a great strain of competition. A number of good houses have gone 
into the business since last season, which vastly increases the pressure. 
Added to all this comes the personal acrimony consequent upon the failure 
of the combine. Judging from these facts there remains no doubt that the 
business will be slashing this season. It is then a bull's-eye shot to pre- 
dict that some must go to the wall. 

"Lamson, Luggage Carriers." 
Everybody knows the combination indicated above. It represents one 
of the oldest riders and one of the earliest accessories known to American 
cycling. Mr. Lamson's business in luggage carriers has grown with a steadi- 
ness known to some businesses laid out on a larger scale. His establishment 
in Portland, Maine, is famous from ocean to ocean and he has every reason 
to congratulate himself — except upon one point. He originated the 
emblem used on all L- A. W. pins. He had the idea patented and was for 
a long time the oflScial furnisher of L. A. W. pins. As many another 
man might have done, he made a mistake in only taking out a seven-year 
patent when he might just as well have secured one for seventeen years. 
Now any one can manufacture L. A. W. pins. Mr. Lamson is a small, 
forceful man. He wears glasses, a black mustache and a strong, cropped 
beard streaked with gray. His forehead is high and will continue to 
encroach upon his hirsute possessions as the years roll on. Altogether, an 
inventive, thoughtful man. 



Milwaukee Prospects Good. 

Milwaukee, Wis., Feb. 27.— Milwaukee has five cycle clubs, with a 
total membership of about 800. Dealers estimate that outside the clubs 
there are in Milwaukee not less than 500 cyclists. They expect to fit out 
at least 400 new riders this spring in this city alone. Two of the dealers 
are manufacturers also — Andrae and the Sercombe-Bolte Mfg. Co. The 
first named firm has doubled its capacity, put a man on the road and will 
hardly be able to fill orders from out of town. Parker Sercombe says his 
firm has already contracted to deliver 1,000 new wheels to out-of-town 
parties this spring, with other orders coming in daily. Mr. F. H. Bolte, of 
this firm, has invented a new and very useful handle bar, which may be 
lowered or elevated to suit the pace or the rider merely by touching a 
button. 




'Let's Oboanizb." 



THE BEARINGS. 



»???W?!?Wfflffl?W????WW!W!????W?l5 



IN CASE OF PUNCTURE 



What? Well, that depends on what you got for your $150.00. Come now and let us 
suppose a case or two for a moment or two. Suppose you have bought a machine with any 
one of a dozen different pneumatic tires (bar Victors), and on a certain evening (it's always 
best to choose a certain evening) you go out in the gloaming with somebody — your sister, 
perhaps — for a season of that refreshment of mind and recreation of body which we 
all know. 

All is peace and calm, the wayside cricket shrills his little shrill, the vagrant frog 
croaks his croak, your sister is in sympathetic mood, and as above mentioned, all is peace, 
anrf " S-S-S-S!" a totally depraved carpet tack perhaps, has done its fiendish act, and 
withdrawn to a safe distance to watch developments, standing on its head in ghoulish glee. 
Now, while a gloaming is good enough thing in its way and generally satisfactory, when it 
comes to finding a pin hole in a pneumatic tire it can hardly be considered a howling 
success — and find the hole you must, else how can you doctor it.'' A tub of water and a 
good light are often indispensable at this stage, but unfortunately our boasted civilization 
has not yet reached the stage at which the country roads are lined with these, often it's 
next to impossible to find one of these elusive little punctures in the broad glare of day. 

If you are gifted with a fine intuition you may find the puncture, after an indefinite 
length of time, and proceed with much care to cement it, becoming more or less stuck up 
yourself in the process. Then you wait another length of time for the cement to dry, 
cautiously blow up your tire and start — for home, for by this time the gloaming has ceased 
to gloam and retired for the night, and besides, you are apt to feel that it's safest to go 
going toward home. These thmgs are not pleasant, they ruffle the spirit and tend to pro- 
duce that weariness of mind which it is one of cycling's specialties to remove. 

Now, with Victor tire? it's different. No other tire has an inner tube removable 
through the rim. This inner tube is the whole vital part of the tire, and an extra one is 
given you when you buy a Victor. (N. B. — Nobody else does this.) Thus equipped you 
can snap your fingers at any puncture that ever stalked abroad. You don't even have to 
look for the break, and you need no tools, neither any light, for anybody can do the job 
blindfolded after a little bit of practice. You simply unscrew your valve fittings, slip the 
punctured tube out, replace it with the new one, replace the valve, chase in some air and 
your tire is — not repaired, it's new, and you can put faith in it (as well as air). At home 
where you have leisure and every facility you can perfectly repair the punctured tube to 
carry against future emergency. 

Think this over. Victors are great stuff. Yours, 

OVERMAN WHEEL CO. 



BOSTON. 



WASHINGTON. 



DENVER. 



SAN FRANCISCO 



ruuuiiiuuiuiiuiuiuiuuuiuiaiuiuit; 



MCfTioN The Bearings^ 



THE BEARINGS. 



DOES BOSTON WANT THE SHOW? 



TIRES AGAIN. 



An Association of Clubs Formed in Beantown. 



MY A I'HACTICAl. MEDIIAMC. 



Boston, Feb. 25. — The Associated Cycling Clubs of Boston and Vicinity 
is an organization. A permanent organization with a good foundation. 
No more Philadelphia monopolies. Boston trusts hereafter. See advan- 
tages: Practically no freights for largest exhibitors. The home of the 
"Pope" of cycling. To the "Victor" belongs the spoils. In Union 
(P. D. Q.) there is strength. The (Lovell) "Diamond" fields. The (W. 
Read & Sons) "Mail" holds forth here. You can get Boston's latitude 
with the "Quadrant." We can supply all the "Singers" necessary. Other 
reasons too numerous to mention. The officers of the new association are 
well known in "Beanborough" and have lived here long enough to run up 
rent bills — and pay them, to all indications, as they are here yet, not 
having removed across the bay to our charming neighboring city, the 
home of quietude and ferry fares — Chelsea. 

The president of the new organization is Mr. Josiah "Sycle" Dean, the 
well known figure of the Boston Bicycle Club, and who was and perhaps 
is one of the city fathers in Boston's un-Common Council. He is a bright 
man. 

The vice president is Mr. "S'ngle Track" Williams, president of the 
Maiden Bicycle Club, the man who put his racing team into a strong and 
envious position. His selection is very popular with the exception of 
"Hi Hat," who don't count. 

Mr. "High Wheel" Robinson, chairman of the division racing board, 
is epistolary communicator and elocutionist of the chirographical memo- 
randa. 

Mr. "Lucre" Abraham, of the Roxbury Bicycle Club, is the professor 
of numismatics and will, it is hoped, be ably assisted in making a good 
collection. 

Capt. "Ade" Peck is the chief executer of the executive committee, 
and F. S. McCausland of Somerville and W. S. Doane of Cambridgeport 
are assistants at all executions. 

Assistant Executer W. S. Doane, C. "Road-Book" Underwood and 
H. W. Robinson compose an active track committee which will make 
things attractive, active, etc. 

Annual dues, f 10; membership limit, 25 clubs. 

About this time titles are ripe, and the plentitude of captains and 
lieutenants is almost alarming. The other day I met a charming young 
friend and while conversing on the street a young lady passed. My friend 
raised his hat and exclaimed "Good morning, captain." The lady smiled 
graciously (ladies never smile otherwise) and, replying cordially, passed 
along. 

"What did you say?" I gasped. 

"Why, she is captain of our club," he said, "and I just recognized her 
by her title." 

"Do you do that often?" 

"Always,'' he replied. Murphy. 

The Pittsburg Syndicate Nearly Ready For Work. 

H. D. Squires, president of the Pittsburg Cycle Co., and a prominent 
member of the syndicate which bought out the American Cycle Co., Chi- 
cago, has been in the city for several days preparing to start the syndi- 
cate's factory. It was intended to open up last Monday, but it took much 
longer to inventory the stock than was expected and the opening has been 
delayed several days. Mr. Squires has kept very dark since he has been 
in Chicago and it is impossible to find him. 

Mr. W. O. Worth, of the old company, says that affairs are rapidly 
assuming definite form and that the company will be at work in a short 
time. Mr. Worth, while devoting much of his time to the manufacture of 
engines and his electrical carriage, will serve the new organization in the 
capacity of adviser. His brother, J. D. Worth, will probably be superin- 
tendent of the factory, although it has not yet been definitely settled. 



Electric Cycle Syndicate, Limited. 
The Cycle Trade Journal says the statutory return of this English syn- 
dicate has been filed at Somerset House, and shows that out of a nominal 
capital of ^3,000, in £1 shares, 1,921 shares, with los. called on each, have 
been taken up. The total amount of calls received is ^380 ids.; /"i,ooo 
has been considered as paid, and ^'80 is still in abeyance. 



Warwick Light Weights. 
The Warwick Company are making a 21-poudd road racer and a 17- 
poutd track wheel. They have also fitted a pair of wheels to Van Wag- 
oner's machine, weighing but five pounds per pair. Van Wagoner has 
been training all winter and is in fine shape. He will be the Warwick road 
man this year. A. Kennedy-Child left Springfield last Monday for an 
extended western trip. He will visit the Pacific coast. 



A New Bicycle Stand. 
Mr. L. M. Devore, of the Freeport Bicycle Mfg. Co., is about to market 
a bicycle stand by which the top of the front wheel of a safety will be held 
by a spring grip. You push the wheel into place— the grip does the rest. 



The "Singer Challenge." 
Singer & Co., Coventry, England, have a United States branch at 6 & 
8 Berkley street, Boston, and it is the intention of the makers to boom this 
wheel this year. The Singer has always been a favorite in America and it 
should be this year. The '93 Challenge weighs 33 pounds. Singer ball 
steering. Singer ball bearings. Singer patent steering lock, weldless steel 
tube frame, handle bar and forks are used in this wheel. Price, J5135. 



In writing these articles I have endeavored to set forth bottom facts 
without prejudice and without regard to anybody's pet theories. If I err 
in my statements no one will enjoy having the truth pointed out better 
than myself, so tiiat it is with pleasure that I note Mr. Palmer's criticisms 
in your issue of February 17, but am sorry to note that he is not ■.villing to 
look at the question as it is instead of as he sees it through his special fabric. 
He does not admit that "the perfect tire should not lift the load." This 
avoidance of lift is the great feature of all elast c tires and that tire is best 
which avoids it most fully, other things being equal. It is needless to 
waste ink to prove this. We would not use elastic tires at all except for 
the fact that they avoid jar and lift. On a perfect plane a hard tire is all 
right. His suppoj-ed sharp rock, one and one half inches high, proves 
nothing. If the danger he mentions exists (and it does to a limited 
extent'i he should overconie it by proper means. 

His self healing device could be used to stop such punctures, but a 
body of rubber against the rim, as in the Roth tire, or a filling of cotton as 
suggested by Mr. Phelps would seem better. Either of the two last named 
devices C-n be used without affecting the perfect receptive quality of the 
lire and it is certainly wiser to have your tire made durable by such means 
than to destroy a portion of its va'ue simply because an occasional ston e is 
larger than the capacity of the tire. The tire should be of a size adapted to 
receive into itself all ordinary stones. Large stones present a large surface 
as well as large height, so they seldom hit hard. If the tire is well 
pumped 

There is Little Danger. 
He also denies my^ "true test of a perfect tire," and says that "the deeper 
you bury the pebble the less the ejecting power," a statement so absurd as 
to need no answer. Also that"a tire which receives most fully and easily is 
weakest under recoil." If this is true, its converse should be, viz.: a tite 
that does not receive at all should bounce to perfection, which is absurd, of 
course. The tire that is least hampered by rubber and fabric will receive 
easiest and reject best at equal air pressures but when it is remembered 
that a stiff fabric needs less air pressure it is evident that a stiff fabric tire 
will make a much slower tire. Let us suppose a case in which one-pound 
pressure is applied to the tire. The inherent stiffness of the rubber and 
fabric resists part of this, the air the remaining part. Now, 

Air is a Nearly Perfect Spring 
so it will give back all the pressure it receives except such as is destroyed 
by the stiff fabric in returning to its original position. Rubber fabrics tend 
to return to position by their own elasticity, so the returning loss is slight, 
but in a fabric without rubber, representing the power required to bend the 
fabric by X, the power given back would be one pound less 2X. The 
reader will readily see why one tire feels heavy and seems to drag while 
another seems to glide over the ground. No tire can reject unless it 
receives, but it may receive without rejecting. It is a good tire if it rejects 
most forcibly, but it is a better tire if it receives most fully in combination 
with this most forcible rejection. Bouncing calls into action both proper- 
ties. It will not bounce if it does not reject; it cannot bounce if it does 
not receive. I repeat the two important tests: Bounce it to see if it rejects 
properly; roll it over an obstacle to see if it receives properly. 

Mr. P. calls attention to other features required in a tire, such as trans- 
mission of power, strength, durability and avoidance of roll. These are 
essential features but of minor inioortance. If Mr. P. will use a tire with- 
out a valve tube and not fastened to the rim so as to permit it to creep freely, 
he will get a test of a tire that loses in transmission, but if the tire is lively 
I defy him or anybody else to feel the loss, although such a tire may creep 
several inches in being ridden a mile. On the other hand. 

If the Tire Lacks Resiliency 
and receptive ability it will run appreciably harder and be noticeable at 
once. Mr. P. may say that this is not a fair test because the loss he 
describes is not the same as the creep but the reader will agree with me 
that it is more nearly the same than Mr. P.'s tangent spoke comparison. 
Strength is a matter of getting each thread so placed that it may exert its 
full power equally and evenly with all the other threads, whether it be to 
restrain the air or to oppose pebbles. If so plnced no undue strain can get 
at any individual thread and strain or break it. Mr. P. pokes fun at my 
statement on this point and then says that he sat up nights to adjust his 
fabric to these strains. Rather inconsistent and not in accord with the 
knowlc'Ige he should have gained in the "long ago" he mentions. Let 
him tie one of his threads around one of his tires circumferentially. 

Now run that wheel over a pebble and note the result. If the load is 
sufficient to sink the pebble into the tire, it will carry the thread with it 
and the thread must either stretch or break or compress the entire tire. 
If it stretches or breaks it is useless for the next pebble and to compress 
the entire tire it would have to be a small rope which certainly would be 
"undu'v strong" for a tire thread. Mr. P. has certainly learned this first 
prirciple of tire fabrics so why he takes exception to my statement is more 
than I can understand. For durability the threads should be strained least 
and should not rub or saw on each other,but this is a minor consideration. 
When riderswill abandon solid tires that will carry them thousands of miks 
each year for a dozen years and take up a pneumatic that will rot out in a 
year or two, even if not used at all, it is evident that durability cuts a small 
figure by the side of easy riding. Already English riders are returning to 
tires in which the ft brie is not vulcanized to the rubber because they prefer 
to have them ride e; siest while they last, even if they do not last so long. 
Side roll is mostly a question of fastening and the man who will injure the 
riding qualities of his tire to avoid providing a fastening for it is certainly 
on the wrong track. This is proven by the growing preference for 
mechanical fastening?. In closing permit me to ask Mr. P. to read my 
article again and in the spirit in which it was written. It gives the re- 
quirements of the perfect tire. Whether we will ever see a tire that fiHs 
those requirements is another matter. 



THE BEARINGS. 



A FAIR QUESTION! 




A great many agents, 
riders and mechanics 
accepted the invitation 
to visit our factory to 



see 



THE 



FOWLER 

How it was made and 
what it was made of. 



MODEL B, SCALE WEICHT(as you see it), 32 LBS. 
MODEL A all on SCALE WEIGHT, 36 LBS. 

Is there one that can say we have advertised any- 
thing that we did not prove, any assertion made that 
was not fully substantiated, 

IS THERE ONE? 

Who has gone away from our factory and can say we 
are not honest and conscientious cycle builders ? 

We have no hobbies and schemes to spring on you 
(world beaters), but a bicycle that is truly worthy of the 
name " High Grade." It's in the front rank and it "will 

stay there, too. 

AGENTS! RIDERS! GET IN LINE. 




THE FOWLER TRUSS FRAME. (Pat. Applied For.) 



A FEW MORE 

OF THOSE 
CATALOGUES 

LEFT. 
WANT ONE? 



HILL CYCLE MFG. CO. 

142. 144, 146, 148 W. Washington Street, 
CHIC/1Q0, ILL. 



MENTION THE BEARINGS 



THE BEARINGS. 



CATALOGUE S OF THE YEAR. 

The Eagle's Opinion of the Elliptic. 

One of the finest catalogues yet issued is that of the Eagle Bicycle Co., 
of Torrington, Conn. The cover is printed in a delicate shade of green and 
the contents are very interesting, especially the half tone pictures of rural 
scenes, which are alluring enough to make every cyclist who sees them 
long for summer and the country. The Eagle Company give the follow- 
ing as a reason for naming their '93 brood the Eagle-Altair: "In deciding 
upon a distinctive and appropriate name to distinguish our 1893 models 
from Eagle designs of previous seasons, we have allowed our researches to 
follow the eagle's flight toward the heavens. In the eagle constellation, 
having its right wing contiguous to the equinoctial, can be seen a particu- 
larly bright star. It is Altair, a star of the first magnitude and the bright- 
est in the eagle constellation. Our many designs, both old and new, 
taken collectively represent the eagle constellation as seen in the starry 
heavens; and prominent among all the brilliant points of radiance stands 
Altair, the brightest of them all, the light of the constellation." 

That there may be no question as to the weight of the Eagle-Altair 
each wheel is carefully and accurately weighed (minus the saddle) and 
the exact weight stamped upon the frame. The vexed problem of the 
elliptical sprocket is treated as follows: "We wish to call especial atten- 
tion to the advantages of having a correctly designed sprocket. After 
much experiment with the exaggerated or flattened form of the ellipse, 
such as are being used by some manufacturers, we have become convinced 
of the worthlessness, and even danger in the use of them. A noticeable 
slackening and tightening of the chain, together with too great disparity 
between the increased and decreased speed of the pedals, will convince 
even a novice that such wide range in a changeable speed gear of this kind 
is impracticable for use on the road. The danger of using such a gear 
would be most apparent when coasting at a rapid rate. The tendency of 
the chain running loosely with no pressure on the pedals to keep it tight, 
would be to immediately ride the teeth and jump the sprocket." 

McIntosh-Huntington's^Three Catalogues. 

An immense business is done by the Mcintosh-Huntington Co., of 
Cleveland. Besides making the Sunol they also handle the Crypto geared 
ordinary and King of Scorchers; also carrying a large line of sundries. A 
resume of all the good points of these wheels would fill a small book; there- 
fore the Mcintosh-Huntington Company have issued three catalogues this 
year. Gold and white are the prevailing colors. In the K. O. S. ''cat" 
the picture of the twenty pound racer catches the eye of the scorcher. It is 
indeed a beauty and well worth the $175 asked for it. Besides illustrating 
the wheels, pictures of A. N. French and W. C. Rands are presented. 
French won some $1,600 worth of prizes last year on the wheel, while the 
Detroit man broke the twenty-five mile American road record on a twenty- 
nine pounder. One of the most interesting parts of this catalogue is the 
chapter on the proper care of a bicycle, telling how the bearings, chain 
and tires should be cared for. 

F. W. Shorland looks natural on the back cover of the Crypto cata- 
logue. In this pamphlet are printed the opinions on the merits of the G. 
O. and F. D. of many prominent Englishmen. The advantages claimed 
for the front driver over the safety are: a more comfortable position, more 
equal distribution of weight, gi eater ease in steering, absence of strain on 
arms and back, greater speed, freedom from side-slipping and minimum 
friction. Mcintosh-Huntington have the exclusive coutrol of this machine 
in the United States. Lamps, bells, saddles, wrenches, etc., are illustrated 
in the third catalogue. 

Four Trump Cards. 

A. A. Taylor has a reputation for knowing a good machine when he 
sees one and his selections are generally the cream of the market. This 
year the Taylor Cycle Co., 270-272 Wabash avenue, Chicago, handle the 
Tourist, Liberty, Rex and Psycho, four of the finest machines of the '93 
product. The beautifully lithographed cover of the new catatogue en- 
closes many good things of interest to the cycling fraternity. Mr. Taylor 
handled the Psycho last year and disposed of a great number of these fine 
English machines. This year he has, by making a large purchase, secured 
control of the entire United States, with the exception of New England, 
on the Psycho. Besides these four leaders he does a large business in 
Western Wheel Works goods. 

One of the improvements on this year's Tourist is the clamping device 
for seat post and handle bars. The steering head has been lengthened and 
the seat post so altered as to permit a greater vertical adjustment of the 
saddle. It is claimed that the crank shaft and pedal pins cannot be 
broken. The Starley web-joint frame used on the Psycho is worthy of 
note. The web principle is used in many of the great engineering enter- 
prises. Mr. Starley's claim is that if the web form of construction yields 
the best results to an engineer spanning an estuary, it should be the best 
aid in bridging the space between the two wheels of a bicycle. Certain it 
is that it makes a very rigid frame. 

Advertising Pays. 

Good taste is shown in the make-up of the Ames & Frost Co.'s cata- 
logue. There is nothing gaudy about it. F. B. Hart was the illustrator. 
The great success of the Imperial last year is ascribed to extensive adver- 
tising and the personal attention paid to every wheel turned out, both 
before and after leaving the factory. One thing Secretary Walpole is 
proud of is the fact that every dealer who handled Imperials last year is 
anxious to carry them again this season. Ames & Frost have one of the 
finest bicycle plants in the country, having over 200,000 square feet of 
available floor space. 

The special features of the Imperial are the handle bars, crank, 
sprocket wheel, bearings and tire. The handle bars have a vertical adjust- 
ment of six inches and are fastened to the steering post by means of a 
spring collar, which also serves as an adjustment for the head bearings. 
The advantage claimed is that the head or neck of the machine is not 
weakened. The crank and hub of the sprocket wheel are made of one 
piece of drop forging, doing away with keying the sprocket wheel on thg 
axle, it being fastened in this case by means of five bolts. The reddi 



color of the Imperial tire is caused by the introduction of antimony into 
the rubber, which adds, it is said, to the wearing qualities of the tire. A 
double thickness of pure, non-stretchable linen fabric, and a pure rubber 
outer tube, thickened on the tread, is used. Ames & Frost claim that their 
tire will stand unlimited use of the brake, but do not advise riders to abuse 
this privilege. The racing tires weigh three pounds a pair. 

"Pedibus Duobus Quietus." 

'Union" confronts one from every page of the famous year book 
issued by the Union Cycle Mfg. Co. The original "ad" writer has got in 
his fine work on this catatogue and a perusal of its contents is good for 
sore eyes. The Union Company say that the demand for light wheels has 
been so great that they have been placed on their mettle and the P. D. Q. 
is, they think, the lightest that can be turned out for road use. "Many of 
the light weight bicycles, which are made today by inexperienced firms," 
they say, "are put together without a thorough knowledge of the points at 
which the strains caused by vibration and accident are apt to assert them- 
selves, the same light gauge of tube being used throughout, the only 
object in view being to produce a light machine which the innocent wheel- 
man will select nine times out of ten, and repent his choice the first 
time he feels like scorching." 

Among the many good things to be found in this book is the list of 
"Don'ts," which should be heeded by every rider. They are as follows: 
Don't fail to take the number of your bicycle on purchasing; don't break 
up your crate or send your wheel anywhere uncrated; don't attempt to 
repair or let others do so unless competency is assured; don't forget to oil 
all bearings occasionally and keep the chain clean; don't leave a pneumatic 
tired wheel of any kind standing for weeks at a time; turn the machine up- 
side down as rubber will deteriorate quicker when at rest than when in 
use. 

The Care of Pneumatics. 

Morgan & Wright, Chicago, were the first tire makers to sell pneu- 
matic tires at a popular price and they have made a success of it. Always 
willing to make good any defects in their wares, they soon gained the con- 
fidence of the riders and are prepared to do an immense business this year. 
They claim in their catalogue that they entered 1892 with thirteen com- 
petitors and within a year every one of the competing tires had to be 
entirely remodeled or withdrawn from the market as failures, with the ex- 
ception of three. M. & W.'s "93 catalogue is valuable as it tells how to 
repair tires, how they should be cared for and the records made during the 
year on them. It also contains the conditions and prizes of the '93 tire 
contest. 

New York Changes. 

New York, Feb. 26. — The Pope Mfg. Company will shortly vacate their 
place at the Prospect Park Plaza in Brooklyn and move into new quarters 
at 555 Flatbush avenue, Brooklyn, in the business centre of the city. They 
are having their new quarters fixed up and they will be ready for occupancy 
about March 15. The new store will be known as the Brooklyn Cycle Co. 
Arrangements are being made to open a riding school close by their new 
store. 

Messrs. A. G. Spalding & Bros, have taken possession of a large store at 
the junction of Flatbush and St. Marks avenue in Brooklyn, where they will 
push their wheels and sundry line. This move takes from William Schu- 
maker, the well known dealer, the agency for the Victor. Spalding, in 
addition to the new Brooklyn bouse, has decided to open branch stores in 
New York at 347 Lenox avenue and 1771 Broadway 

Charles Schwalbach, the well known Brooklyn dealer, will again locate 
at his old stand at the Prospect Park Plaza when the Columbia people vacate. 

Sercombe-Bolte Want a $60,000 Bonus. 
The Sercombe-Bolte Manufacturing Co. have an offer from the new town 
of Cudahy, just south of Milwaukee. The Cudahy people want the wheel 
makers to move out there. The manufacturers want a $60,000 bonus and a 
gift of five .icres of ground, agreeing in return to employ 500 hands the year 
through. 

Taylor as a Salesman. 
George F. Taylor and J. W. Windle, the record breaker's brother, are 
representing George A. Drysdale, of Boston. It is said Taylor will this 
year ride the Brookes wheel, handled by Mr. Drysdale. 



New Agencies Established in Peoria. 

Peoria, Feb. 27. — Trade in cycle circles here has had a lively aspect 
during the past week. Several large lots of machines were shipped out. 
The dealers are showing an increased interest and are selecting their sam- 
ple lines. 

George M. Hendee was in Peoria this week looking at the Rudge and 
Overland. Mr. Hendee has rented one of the largest store rooms in Spring- 
field, Mass., his former home, and expects to do a large cycle business this 
year. He will run a riding school and repair shop in connection with his 
store. 

Charles F. Stokes of Chicago dropped in on Peoria this week and estab- 
lished an agency for the Union and Sterling. They will be handled by 
the Peoria Music Co., two of the members of which were formerly in the 
employ of the Stokes Mfg. Co. 

Another Big Deal Pending. 
It will not be surprising — to those who know all about it — if another 
big deal similar to the one between the Dunlop and Premier people, by 
which the well known tire is the only one used by the Premier company, 
should be made public within a week; a big tire company and a concern 
handling an English wheel in America being interested. 

"One show only," is the cry of the English trade, and those who are 
working in the interests of the National or Stanley people, one against the 
other, are being criticised for endeavoring to continue the schism. 



THE BEARINGS. 



THORSEN & CASSADY. 



ADVERTISERS ACTIVE. 




J. B. THORSKK. 



the directors of the company, 
and Thorsen & Cassady ben- 
efit a great deal by it. 



Among Chicago's most 
enterprising sporting goods 
dealers is the Thorsen & Cas- 
sady Co. Starting in 1890 
with a comparatively small 
capital, they have succeeded in 
building up one of the leading 
bicycle houses in the West. 
With such experienced busi- 
ness men as J. B. Thorsen and 
H. J. Cassady at the helm the 
firm could not help becoming 
a leader. Mr. Thorsen is 
president of the company and 
a good financier. H. J. 
Cassady, secretary and treas- 
urer, is known throughout the 
West as one of the best sales- 
men in the business. He is 
a persistent road rider, having 
made eight or tea centuries 
last year. 

The Thorsen & Cassady Co. 
are agents for Western Wheel 
Works machines, Warwicks 
and Remingtons, as well as 
for Garford saddles. They 
also do a large business in 
sundries. Mr. Adolph Schoen- 
inger, president of the West- 
ern Wheel Works, is one of 
His name is worth a good deal to any firm 



The Union's Spring Opening. 
The Union Cycle Mfg. Co. 
held their spring opening at 
their Boston store on February 
22. Notwithstanding the fact 
that snow was piled up on 
Columbus avenue to the height 
of three feet, a large number 
of riders came in to see the 
P. D. Q. Refreshments were 
served to an appreciative and 
merry crew, who smoked the 
cigar of peace and listened 
attentively to Professor Fecitt 
on the Airtite-Dunlop tire. 



The Ideal Tire. 
Phelps & Dingle, Passaic, 
N. J., came into prominence 
last year by sueing several 
prominent tire manufacturers, 
claiming that the patents on 
their Ideal tire had been in- 
fringed upon. They make a 
fine tire and one that has 
already attracted much at- 
tention. They describe their 
method of construction fully 
in their catalogue and those 
who are interested in tires should not fail to send for one. 




H. J. CASSADV 



The Rambler Wins a Medal. 
At the recent fair held at the Mechanic's Pavilion, San Francisco, the 
first premium (a silver medal) for the best bicycle exhibit, was awarded to 
Thomas H. B. Varney, whose exhibit consisted of Rambler bicycles fitted 
with G. & J. pneumatic road and racing tires. All the principal large 
manufacturers of bicycles were represented, but the judges unanim«usly 
awarded first premium to Mr. Varney. A copper-plated Rimbler racer 
attracted much attention, as did a full-nickeled Ladies' Rambler Model B. 



Henning as a Manufacturer. 
F. H. Henning, formerly with Kirkwood, Miller & Co., Peoria, has in- 
corporated the F. Henning Cycle Co., of Peoria, with a capital stock of $5,000, 
to manufacture bicycles, typewriters and sewing machines. George B. 
Foster and Howard W. Potter are interested in the new concern. 

Will Make The Hoosier Tire. 
The Indianapolis Rubber Co. commenced operations last Tuesday at 301 - 
307 east Georgia street. They will make the Hoosier pneumatic tire and a 
new cushion tire, which is said to combine the qualities of the pneumatic 
without any of its weaknesses. It is said that the Indiana Bicycle Co. have 
ordered 40,000 pairs of tires. Their capacity will bs 500 pairs of tires a 
day. H. E. Galloway is president. 

The New Detroit Concern. 

After some month's negotiations the Schulenburg Cycle Co , of Detroit, 
has been incorporated. Several well known business men are said to be 
interested. The new company will do fine repairing and handle high 
grade sundries, and will wholesale and retail the following named wheels 
in the territories named: New Howe in Michigan and Ohio; Triumph in 
Michigan, Ohio and Indiana; Derby and Relay in Michigan. A public 
reception will occur early in March at 188 Jefferson avenue, the establish- 
ment beicg managed by a well known wheelman. 



Six new advertisements and twenty changes appear in this number 
of The Bearings. The list follows: 



Pope Mfg. Co 1 page. 

Mcintosh-Huntington Co 1 " 

Gormully & Jellery Mfg. Co 1 " 

Geo. R. Bill well Cvole Co 1 " 

Union Cycle Mfg. Co 1 " 

Overman Wheel Co 1 " 

Wilson, Myers & Co 1-2 ' 

Ariel Cycle Mfg. Co 1-2 " 

American Dunlop Tire Co 1-2" 

A. G. Spalding .t Bro 1-2 •• 

A mes & Frost Co 1-2 " 

Michigan Wheel Co 1-2 " 

Smger & Co 1-2 " 



Hibbard, Spencer, Bartlett & Co, ..1-2 page. 

Morgan & VVright 1-2 " 

.James Cycle Importmg Co 1-2 " 

Geo. Worthington & Co 1-4 " 

Rouse, Hazard & Co 1-4 •' 

Rouse-Duryea C\ cle Co 1-4 " 

Thorsen & Cassady 1-4 " 

Shaw Cycle Co 1-4 " 

Shulenberg Cycle Co .3 inches 

Garford Mfg. Co 2 

A. O. Very 11-2" 

Unique Mfg. Co 1 inch 




Dog Gun Nice. 

A. U. Betts & Co., Toledo, O., make many 

cycle sundries. One of their novelties is the Ki Yi., 

one dose of which is warranted to drive away dogs of 

high and low degree. A few drops of diluted 

ammonia from this gun do the business. Fifty 

cents is a small price for this gun. The Red Cross 

cementing needles repair hose pipe tires 

quickly and neatly. This instrument is 

about I '2 inches long, has a screw thread 

socket at the base, a milled head which 

tapers to a point. It is hollow from the 

base to within one eighth of an inch of the 

point, where it is pierced by several small 

openings. Having a sharp point it can be 

readily forceil into a small puncture. 



Perrett Has a Little Adventure. 
W. M. Perrett, accompanied by two 
i friends, paid a recent visit to Niagara Falls. 

Of course he had to visit the ice bridge. 
The guide induced him to climb to the top, and, like a true Eng- 
lishman, Perrett carried his umbrella and mackintosh with him. 
Looking down the glittering incline he was seized with a longing to coast 
down it. The guide secured a sled and the saddle man was about to do the 
pedal mount when his foot slipped and he started down the 150 feet of 
snow and ice at a record breaking pace, leaving the sled behind him. 
When he reached the bottom he picked up his umbrella and mackintosh 
and remarked: "If I only had had a Solid Comfort saddle!" 



AS YOU LIKE IT. 

A brake which acts on the rim instead of the tire is a new English 
invention. 

Phelps & Dingle report a good trade in Ideal tires and say they will 
turn out 30,000 pair this year. 

The Standard Cap Co., New York, are said to be working two forces 
to keep up with their orders. 

The Schulenberg Cycle Co., Detroit, has incorported with a capital 
stock of fro.ooo, with one-hall paid in. 

An aluminum sulky, weighing but twenty five pounds, will be used by 
Don J. Leathers, of Grand Rapids, Mich., next season. 

C. E Duryea, of the Rouse-Duryea Cycle Co., has at last decided to 
locate in Peoria and is building a fine residence in that city. 

Harry Warner is on the road for the Julius Andrae Cycle Works, 
Milwaukee, and has been quite successful in disposing of the thirty pound 
road racers. 

William Resd & Sons, Boston, makers of the New Mail, are receiving 
many large orders. This wheel is high grade throughout and is bound to 
have a successful season. 

Tom Roe has entered the employ of the Union Cycle Co. and will repre- 
sent them in New York and Pennsylvania. He will ride a Union in his 
trans-continental trip, it is said. 

The Union Cycle Mfg. Co., who recently advertised their catalogue 
throughout the cycling press, have been so besieged with applications that 
their entire edition is exhausted and a second edition is being printed. 

Jobbing agencies for the Raleigh have been placed by M. G. Peoli 
with Julius Andrae, Milwaukee; William Burkhard, St. Paul; Gregory & 
Co,, Winona, Minn.; Nebraska Cycle Co., Lincoln, Neb. and Banks & 
Duggan, Denver, 

Barnum & Bailey are still as enterprising as ever. Their latest move is 
the purchase of two Sunol bicycles, which will be used by expert riders in 
conveying dispatches, etc., to every town the show visits. They will dis- 
place the mounted messengers who have hitherto been used for this pur- 
pose. The Mcintosh-Huntington Co. are highly elated to think that the 
Sunol should be preferred by the Barnum & Bailey Co. for this purpose. 



THE N. C. U. W. A.'S CLUB HOUSE. 

L. D. Taylor, secretary of the National Columbian United Wheelmeri^s 
Association, was in attendance at the National Assembly at Philadelphia, 
doing qu' it but effectual work for the association he represents. The more 
wheelmen look into the plans of this association the more evident it 
becomes that their interests will be well looked after during the entire 
season of t'le World's Fair, as well as during the League meet, and that a 
membersb ,p in this association will assure them in advance that they will 
be comfoi.ably cared for. The club house is now under roof and will be 
finished ii good season. The association has also secured control of four 
large hotels during the meet and will be able to concentrate wheelmen 
near the'.r club. Clubs as well as individual wheelmen contemplating 
going to Chicago should put themselves in communication with the 
secretar/, 959 west Madison street, Chicago. 



THE BEARIJNOS. 



MORE ELLIPTICAL. 



A Prominent Cycle Builder's Non-Mathematical Argument. 

The following interesting lines on the elliptical sprocket has been 
received from a scientific cycle builder who stands high in the trade, and 
who does not wish his name mentioned: 

"Observing in The Bearings of February 17, some remarks concern- 
ing the elliptical sprocket, treated on by the president of a large Chicago 
company, which shows an apparent effort to prove, by mathematics, that 
the elliptical sprocket wheel is unsatisfactory for bicycles, I wish to say 
that there is a way to convince the public, who are generally non-mathe- 
maticians, that the elliptical sprocket is beneficial in the safety. The 
method is to take three machines, one with the elliptical sprocket wheel 
placed in the usual position with its long axis at right angles to thf crank. 
Arrange another machine with circular gear, and still another similar to 
the first, but with the long axis of the sprocket wheel parallel to the crank, 
and test all three. The writer has done this, and finds that between the 
last described and the second there is a very perceptible loss of useful 
effect; and between the second and the first kind also a loss of useful effect. 
When these three degrees of utility are submitted it takes a small effort of 
thought to be convinced that the elliptical sprocket, placed with the long 
axis parallel to the crank, will cause the feet to travel downward very fast, 
and to rest long when at the lower and upper parts of the stroke — the op- 
posite of a desirable construction. Now, the circular sprocket is clearly 
an improvement over the one just described because the vertical movement 
is less rapid; following from this it is conceivable that the elliptical wheel, 
placed with its axis at right angles to the crank, making the vertical 
travel of the pedal slower, and the top and bottom movement faster, is an 
improvement over both of the others, permitting, as it does, the power of 
the foot being applied to a slowly moving pedal, instead of one that moves 
rapidly away from the power." 

A NEBRASKAN'S VIEWS ON TIRES. 

Editor The Bearings: In The Bearings of February 17 appears a 
lengthy article by Mr. Palmer upon the tire question. In the course of his 
reasoning he arrives at the conclusion that "a tire should be made so it 
will receive into itself small objects but when a larger one is met, the 
deeper indentation will bring into play a longer section of the contained 
air that the load may be lifted before harm comes to the tube." He goes 
on to state that this is possible only when the fibres of the fabric are laid 
diagonally, meeting and crossing on the tread but widely diverging at the 
rim. 

How Mr. Palmer can make the load carrying power dependent upon 
the direction of the fibre and a certain section of the contained air is more 
than I can understand. It is a well known law of physics that confined 
liquids and gases exert an equal pressure in all directions and the same 
number of pounds on equal spaces. The load-carrying power is depend- 
ent on the number of square inches of air space brought into play by con- 
tact of tire with the ground. 



For example, suppose the pressure in the tire is 30 pounds per square 
inch and the combined weight of rider and wheel is 180 pounds. It will 
bring six square inches of air space in contact with the surface to give a 
load-carrying power of 180 pounds. If the air space in contact with the 
surface of the ground is increased the load-carrying power is increased. 
The pressure of air is, however, slightly increased by diminishing its vol- 
ume, as is done in carrying a load. 

Mr. Palmer's idea that the ejecting power of a tire is less than the 
resistance in receiving indentations is easily shown to be erroneous by 
applying the above law. It is simply a matter of the expansibility of the 
air and equal pressure in all directions. 

In the example of riding over a sharp stone, it seems that before the 
contact of tread and rim would be established, there would have* been so 
much air space brought into play that the contact, if it existed at all, 
would be very weak indeed. Practically, I have ridden over many such 
obstacles where actual contact did take place with no damage to my tire. 

Would it not be well for us all to remember that tht displacement of 
the tire ?s inward at the point of contact, not outward, and that the direc- 
tion of the fibre has nothing to do with resistance to inward displacement. 

The resistance of the tire itself is practically nothing. Most tires will 
almost collapse of their own weight or they should do so at any rate. 

We do not see how a tire can be constructed so that there will be no 
frictional contact between the threads of the fabric. If they come in con- 
tact there is certainly friction. 

Proper strength and lightness are matters to be disposed of by the 
quality of fabric and rubber used. Durability also depends upon this, but 
on the care it receives as well. Side roll, it seems to me, depends upon the 
width of lim and manner of fastening, also on the relative size of tire and 
rim, but not on the disposition of the fabric. Longitudinal tension may 
be provided for equally well by longitudinal or diagonal fibres (that is, if 
in the latter case they form a true tangent at the rim). 

The discussion thus far, it seems to me, has been by interested parties 
and for the purpose of vindicating their own particular tires. Why may 
we not hear from disinterested observers as well? The above are simply 
the views of one who is interested only in getting the greatest amount of 
benefit out of his wheel and who deserves to be known simply as a 

Elmwood, Neb., Feb. 20, 1893. Rider. 



Trade Active in Texas. 

San Antonio, Texas, Feb. 28. — The Glover Cycle Co., which opened up 
with a large stock of wheels a few weeks ago, has turned over all their 
agencies to W. E. Roach with one exception; the latter also buying all 
their sundries, furniture and fixings. W. E. Roach now has the agency for 
the Union, Cleveland, Imperial and Liberty. 

J. Elmer Pratt was around looking after the Rambler's interests re- 
cently. Mr. Murphy, the Keating salesman was also here. Some twenty 
or twenty-five wheels have been sold in the past thirty days by the different 
agencies. 



(lK\\lpva^ WHEELS 



Are most assuredly ALL AROUND RIDERS. 
In WINTER or SUMMER, RAIN or SHINE, SLEET or HAIL, they remain the same. 

Across The Divide, 
Laramie wheelmen are discussing a run recently made by two Wyom- 
ing cyclists. This was a ride across the Black Hills to Cheyenne in winter, 
which had never before been attempted at this season of the year, and 
many said that it could not be accomplished. W. S. Daniels and George 
Scales started at 7:30 Sunday morning, January 8. When the hills were 
reached the riders commenced to have trouble. The heavy drifts forced 
* them to make long detours, and on the summit of the hills was an almost 

solid field of snow crust and glaring ice. The wind was blowing a gale 
and men and wheels were frequently blown some distance. The hollows 
at the summit were filled with snow and for a short distance the wheelmen 
would have to lift their wheels up, set them ahead and then wade to them, 
repeating the process many times. 

Two hours and a half of walking, wading and scrambling, and the 
snow line was passed. The road stretched out across the tableland, hard 
as a floor and wind-swept as clean. Then began one of the most exciting 
and fascinating rides ever experienced. , Twenty-five minutes stop was 
made for lunch and two other stops for readjustment of wheels. For 
probably thirty-five of the forty-eight miles to Cheyenne by the pass route 
the road was magnificent— better than it is ever found in summer time. 
The last twenty miles was covered in a little over one hour and a large part 
of the distance was coasted. So strong was the gale, that the wheelmen 
were obliged to walk up but one hill between McFee's and Cheyenne. 
The wheelmen reached the capital city at 1:44, and were warmly wel- 
comed by a rr.r-.ber of the Cheyenne riders. 

Yon should send for our 1893 Catalogue— it tells all about them. 

flmes & prost Company, 









MENTION THE BEARINGS 



302-4 Wabash Avenue, CHICAGO. 



THE BEARINGS. 



PICKED UP ON CYCLE ROW. 



Sculptors Buying Wheels. 

Five Italian sculptors, at present working at the World's Fair grounds, 
wandered into a store on Cycle Row last week. The handsomely deco- 
rated window attracted them and they stepped in to look at the machines. 
Only one of the five could speak English and he talked for the others. He 
told the salesman that they had ridden bicycles in sunny Italy and that 
they hadn't been able to ride since they had been in the frozen North. 
They evidently understood the good points of a wheel, for after carefully 
examining one they purchased four of tjiem, paying cash. The other one 
wanted to wait until he secured enough money to pay for the wheel, not 
thinking much of the installment plan. The sculptors promised to bring 
several of their brother craftsmen to buy bicycles, and it is probable that 
Chicago will have an Italian cycling club. 

A New West Side Store. 

Cycle establishments on the West Side are paying well. There is a 
small edition of Cycle Row at Ashland avenue and Madison street, and the 
stores all do a good business. C. E. Graham, ex-president of the Cook 
County Wheelmen, has opened a place at 787 west Madison street. He 
will handle the Fowler, Credenda and Ramblers. He will also sell the 
Graham Special, a good machine selling at a medium price. F. H. Brown 
is associated with Mr. Graham. 

Stover Company's Chicago Store. 

The Stover Bicycle Mfg. Co., of Freeport, 111., took possession of 
their Chicago branch at 289 Wabash avenue, last Monday. E. H. Wilcox 
will manage the new place and talk Phoenix to the customers. The 
establishment is being handsomely decorated. 

Wants to Place the "Steams." 

F. Howard Tuttle, of E. C. Stearns & Co., Syracuse, was in Chicago 
last week to place the Stearns in Chicago. He has had some difficulty in 
doing this as everyone seems to be filled up. He is a little late in the 
season but seems to think that he can place an agency on the West Side. 
Such a fine wheel as the Stearns should not go begging long, and Tuttle 
will soon place the agency to advantage. The Stearns' salesman had just 
returned from a western trip. He did not seem highly elated with the 
condition of business out there and complained of the price cutting which, 
he said, was going on in the West. He claims that several firms are sell- 
ing at forty and five. 

Smaller Pickups. 

H. G. Rouse was up from Peoria last Saturday. 

L. D. Munger was here last week. He is selling enough Arrows to 
fill a large quiver. 

The Kenwood catalogue will be out this week. It is said to be a 
beauty by those who have seen advance copies. 

W. A. Fletcher will have charge of the down town branch of the 
Columbian Bicycle Liver}-, at 43 east Van Buren street. 

P. H. Sercombe, of Milwaukee, paid Chicago a flying visit last week 
and found time to talk rims to the Hill Cycle Mfg. Co. 



L. B. Whymper, of Schoverling, Daly and Gales, New York, was in 
Chicago Monday and placed a large order for repair outfits with the Stokes 
Mfg. Co. 

O. B. Jackson is now filling the vacancy on the Pope Mfg. Co.'s staff 
caused by the resignation of W. A. Shockley. 

In our last week's issue it was stated that Harry James, the maker of 
the famous James wheel, had only been making bicycles for six years. It 
should have read twenty-four, and we cheerfully make the correction. 



The New Ladies' Psycho. 

It is easy to mount and has pedals resembling rat traps except that the 

flanges are rubbered — a neat and light device. The new 32-pound ladies' 

Psychos, on sale at the store of the Taylor Cycle Co., Chicago, are in every 

way beautiful. That they are liked in England was evidenced on Monday by 




a letter received from Mr. Starley, advising the Taylor Company to cable in 
case they wanted more than had been shipped. The weight of this wheel 
can be reduced to 30 pounds by using racing tires, which should be heavy 
enough for the average woman, and the weight can be further cut down by 
removing the brake — a novelty, by the way, by which a roll of rubber is 
used as a brake. The pressure is adjustable and the roll does not roll, so that 
it is effective. The machine is web-jointed throughout and a remarkably 
elastic, easy runner. 

A farmer writes to the Boston Globe that he thinks the bicycle makers 
are getting enormously rich, and yet they would have the farmers (men 
usually with little ready money) build improved roads at an expense of 
|5,ooo a mile. He asks: Why not tax bicycles $10 each, and thus secure 
better roads? If such a tax were strictly enforced, it would no doubt raise 
a considerable sum for road improvement. But why tax bicycles more 
than other vehicles? 




PSYCHO ROAD RACER. 

Weight, 26 1-2 Lbs. Price, »160.00. 



SEND FOR CATALOGUE 

OF OUR LINE. 



WE CONTROL 




LADIES' PSYCHO. 

Weiglit, 30 1-3 I.bs. Price, .«150.00. 



LIBERTIES 



PSYCHOS 



WBST OF PENNSYLVANIA. 



UNITED STATES EXCEPTING 

NEW ENGLAND STATES. 



TOURISTS 



REX SAFETIES 



WEST OF PENNSYLVANIA. 



FOR THE EARTH. 



ALSO THE WESTERN WHEEL WORKS LINE ON WHICH WE QUOTE LOWEST PRICES TO DEALERS. 

All Weights in Tourists and Liberties. Lightest Weights and New Construction in Psychos. 
DEALERS— PERUSE OUR CATALOGUE— GET OUR PRICES. 



TAYLOR CYCLE CO., 



270-272 WABASH AVE. 
CHICAGO. 



THE BEARINC^S. 



Made on the Lines of the Finest High Grade Bicycle 



^^. 



otme: 



Pneumatic or Cushion 
Tires. 

"^ 

SELLS ON 
SIGHT. 




J? 



TORNADO 

FOR BOYS 



¥ 



WE CAN 

FILL 

ORDERS 

PROMPTLY. 

The "TORNADO," a High Grade Youth's Bicycle. 

EVERY BOY WILL HAVE ONE WHEN HE 

TORNADO, 26 inch Wheels, fitted with I 3-4 inch Pneumatic Tires, List, $70.00. 
TORNADO, 26 inch Wheels, fitted with ( 1-8 inch Cushion Tires, List, - 60.00. 

HIBBARO, SPENCER, BARTLETT & CO., Chicago, III, 



BEFORE 

BUYING 

WRITE US 

FOR 
AGENCY 

AND 
PRICES. 



^ 



IT 



Mention The Bearings. 



ONE DAY'S SHIPMENT OF HALLADAY-TEMPLE SCORCHERS. VALUE, $22,500.00. 




KAtPH TEMPLE, Chicago Jobber, 158 22nd St., Chicago, III. 



Manufactured by MARION CYCLE CO. Marion, Ind. 



THE BEARINOS. 



FLORIDA AND THE SUNNY SOUTH. 

To all persons contemplatiug a southern trip, the Big Four route oiFers 
special attractions and advantages possessed by no other line. Solid 
vestibuled trains, heated with steam and equipped with palace sleeping 
cars, reclining chair cars and elegant parlor cafe dining cars run daily, 
making connection in Central Union Station, Cincinnati, with through 
express trains of the Queen & Crescent Route, Louisville & Nashville, 
Kentucky Central and Chesapeake & Ohio Railways, avoiding the tedious 
transfer necessary via other lines, and affording practically through train 
service to Old Point Comfort, Asheville, Chattanooga, New Orleans, 
Savannah, Jackson\'ille, St. Augustine, Tampa, Indian River and all winter 
resorts of the South Tourist tickets, via the Popular Big Four route, at 
special low rates, are on sale at all coupon ticket offices throughout the 
country. Ask the agent for tickets via the Big Four route. D. B. Martin, 
General Passenger & Ticket Agent, Cincinnati, Ohio., or J. C.Tucker, 
G. N. A., 234 Clark street, Chicago. 

THE PICTURESQUE B. & O. 

The Baltimore and Ohio is the shortest route to Washington from 
nearly all points West. Its trains are vestibuled from end to end, and carry 
Pullman sleeping cars. 

No railroad in America is better equipped than the B. & O. to trans- 
port with dispatch, safety, and comfort the large crowd which will visit 
Washington to m itness the inauguration ceremonies. Its long experience 
in transporting crowds to former inaugurations, G. A. R. encampments, 
Knights Templar conclaves, and similar gatherings, on an extensive scale, 
will prove most valuable in arranging for the coming inauguration. 

For more detailed information as to rates, time of trains, etc., apply to 
L. S. Allen, Asst. Gen'l Passenger Agent, The Rooker}-, Chicago. 



WINTER RESORTS OF THE SOUTH. 

Jacksonville and Tampa, Fla., and other South Atlantic and Gulf 
Coast resorts, can be reached with but one change of cars from Chicago 
and that at Louisville or Cincinnati, where the Monon Route makes close 
connectionwith the L. & N. and Q. & C. Vestibule trains, running through 
to Florida. 

The Monon 's day trains are now all equipped with beautiful new Par- 
lor and Dining Cars, while its night trains are made up of Smoking Cars, 
Day Coaches and Pullman and Compartment Sleepers, lighted by electric- 
ity from headlight to hinderraost sleeper. 



a 



PERFECT" POCKET OILER 




ACTCAt SIZE. 

Is absolutely unrivalled for neatness, convenience and durability. Do 
not use a leaky oiler when any dealer will sell you a "Perfect " for 25c. 

To carry above oil can on a bicycle. 
Thoroughly adjustable and easily at- 
tached to any part of the machine. No 
rattling. We also make a lai'ger size 
holder to carry your Pneumatic pump. 
Handsomely nickel plated. 

Price for either size 25 cents each. 
CUSHMAN & DENISON, 

173 0th AVE., N. Y. City. 

roM The BEARiNoa 




WANTED. 



35 Experienced Bicycle Hands, must be 
strictly First Class for LATHE, VISE. 
DRILL POLISHING and RUBBERS. 



Don't apply unless you can fill our requirements. 

HILL CYCLE MFG. CO. 



141-148 W. WASHINGTON ST., CHICAGO. 



NEW HOWE! 



Best to Buy and Best to Sell. 
Truth! and Nothing 



TheTruthi the Whole 
but the Truth! 



ITRIUMPH 



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MENTION THE BEARINGS 





^^^utK°p'^crica 



CHICAGO, MAKCH 10, 1893 



AN OPEN LETTER 



BY THE PUBLISHERS OF "THE BEARINGS" TO THE 
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE L. A. W. 



To the Executive Committee of The League of American Wheelmen: 

Gentlemen: It is seldom that the publisher of this paper takes up 
the pen and encroaches upon the editorial department, but the following 
paragraphswhich appeared in Bicycling World, March 3, make it necessary 
in this case: 

The cowardly attitude of The Bearings' people was what one might expect from 
gentlemen who have carried on such a despicable warfare against us. There has scarcely 
a week gone by for over a year that they have not come out with some article attempting 
to harm us, but when the opportunity came for meeting us 'ace to face before a tribunal 
that could decide the issue, they were found wanting. Messrs. Ber^ er and Van Sicklen 
were both at Philadelphia, but not a word did they utter to uphold the position they had 
been taking. 

In conclusion we want to thank those of our readers who by their support in this 
little dispute have upheld us and beon patient while we have laid our case before them in 
these columns. We are through with the matter now and will not take up any more 
space discussing the fracas. Even though we notice that the "green un" whines at our 
heels a bit this week, coward-like the editors of Bearings shut their mouths when they 
had a chance to speak up like men, and waited until they got back to Chicago before 
re-commencing the usual mud-slinging. 

Neither Mr. Berger nor myself had any functions to perform in the 
National Assembly other than those of reporter and League member respec- 
tively. We were not delegates and should without a doubt have been con- 
sidered presumptuous and ruled down, had we exceeded our province as 
news-venders by endeavoring to participate in discussions before the 
Assembly. 

bui when the opportunity came for meeting us face to face before a tribunal 

that could decide the issue they were found wanting.— Bi. World. 

The treatment accorded Mr. Miles in connection with an amendment 
which was for the best interest of the L. A. W. and the Wheelman Com- 
pany, but which the representatives of the latter were too thick-headed to 
appreciate, would have been sufScient warning, had we had any idea of 
transferring the expositive power of The Bearings to the floor of the 
Assembly room. 

The Wheelman Company Contract. 

I now intend to speak upon some matters which I had no authority to 
mention before the Assembly. I am actuated by the absurd and harsh man- 
ner in which Bi. World has endeavored to throw discredit upon our policy, 
which has been conducted in the interest of League members and by their 
authority. 

I expected to hear the Wheelman Company contract read at the Phil- 
adelphia meeting. The motion to read it was desperately and successfully 
fought by representatives of the Wheelman Company and by ceHain officers 
of the League, on the ground that if certain features of it were made 
public the League's chances of continuing to receive a free weekly paper 
would be endangered. This may have been true, but it was singular that 
President Burdett, after having announced from the rostrum that any 
League member present would be permitted to read the contract, refused 
me that permission. 

As a League member, I object to this peculiar policy of secrecy. The 
Wheelman Company probably have various reasons for wishing to keep that 
contract dark, but I do not understand why President Burdett neglected to 
acquaint the membership with the League's main cause for anxiety. 

Publishing Full Addresses. 
Voters in the Assembly seemed to be singularly influenced by the 
eloquence of Mr. Thomas J. Kirkpatrick. I believe his remarks decided 



the negro question and the matter of publishing full addresses. He referred 
to his experience as a publisher and said that to print the full addresses 
would take up more space in the official organ than is now necessary, and 
that it would cost more. Both statements were untrue. I submit the 
following clipping from Bi. World of May 17, 1889, to disprove the first 
statement: 



•cation list is closed at 10 A.M. on tB 
'preceding dayjof publication. All applici 
K? received after that hour must go over to the lisl 
the following; week. 



Jst 189— Total 207. 



Boston, May 17, 1889. 
California Division— 11. 



Capiul City Wheelmen. 
W71 Hubert, W. A., J34 M St., 
Bernard, Harry, 600 L. St., 
Sarchett, H. L., 1502 O St., 
Kleinsorge, A. F., 100 1 ■^ J St., 
Schmld, Chris., 120 I St., 
Breuner, Louis, Box 251, 
Upson, L. S., 1010 F SI., 
Wood, Harry, Sac Lumber Co 
Smith, F G., 1215 L St., 
Hay ford, C R., 2600 H St., 

Unattached. 

Rode, O. F .869 Center St., 

Connecticut Division — 14 



^*iiJiMii^^^^^- 




Sacramento 




Oakland 



Concerning extra cost: the compositor earns as much by setting a 
line of leaders or quads as he would by sticking the type necessary 
to give the address. 

Second Class Postal Matter. 

The postal rules demand of a second class publication that it shall 
have a /a/t/ a>a</a//o« reasonably proportionate to its free list. I do not 
believe Bicycling World has a paid circulation of over 500. If for this 
reason the paper should be refused as second class by the postal authori- 
ties, the L. A. W. must pay the Wheelman Company a subscription of 25 
cents per member. I think the clause in the contract bearing upon the 
point reads substantially as follows: 

The Wheelman Company hereby agree to pay to the League of American Wheelmen 
$S60 per year for the e- elusive right to publish official matter pertaining to the League, 
and for which (a stated quantity of) space will be set apart in Bicycling World; and to 
furnish free, a copy of the BicycHng World and L. A . W. Bulletin to each member of the 
1,. A W. as long as said Bicycling World and L. A. W. Bulletin is allowed to pass through 
the mails as second class matter. 

The League of American Wheelmen hereby agrees that in the event of said paper 
being refused admission to the second class mails and being forced to go as third c<ass, 
said L. A. W. will pay the Wheelman Company 25 cents per year per member, as a sub- 
scription price for said paper for the balance of the life of this contract. 

This 25 cents per year per member, on the basis of the present L. A. 
W. membership, would aggregate 18,707.50 per year. 

As I understand it, Bicycling World is now being mailed to League 
members in secret violation of the postal laws of this country. I wish to 
reiterate the statement that the policy of The Bearings, concerning the 
Wheelman Company contract and the official organ, has not been guided 
by personal feelings or selfish interests. I wish to brand the manner in 
which the editors of the official organ have conducted their defense as 
puny, snappy, insignificant and unworthy of a high class journal; and I 
hereby promise the Executive Committee of the League that if the editors 
of the official organ are permitted to further misrepresent the motives and 
policy of this paper, I will place certain interesting facts before the postal 
authorities. Yours respectfully, 

N. H. Van Sicklen, 
Chicago, March 10, 1893. Pres. The Bearings Pub. Co. 



THE BEARINGS. 



BOSTON GETS A TRACK. 



TO PROMOTE RACING. 



Two Capitalists are "Induced" Into the Plan — Waltham the Place — One- 
Third of a Mile— Will Be Opened May 30— A Fine Club 
House to Be Built — Bostonians Happy. 



Boston, March 6. — The long talked of bicycle track in eastern Massa- 
chusetts is an assured thing at last. Plans are fully drawn and the work 
of building will be begun just as soon as the snow is off the ground. The 
track will not be in the city proper but will be in a suburb, Waltham, 
about ten miles out, easily reached by several lines of steam and electric 
cars. 

The want of a first-class track has always been a sore subject with 
Massachusetts wheelmen and especially those in the eastern part of the old 
Bay State. Plans on plans have been considered in the past, but they were 
all worthless — either too far from the city, or of too little a degree of ex- 
cellence. Chief Consul George A. Perkins has been negotiating for some 
time for a good track. He had considered many schemes, and none were 
at all satisfactory, till at last two capitalists purchased in Waltham twenty- 
eight acres of land. They were persuaded that they could make money 
out of the scheme, and decided to leave the practical arrangements of the 
building to two men well known and fully fit to have such a responsibility 
on their hands — Chief Consul Perkins and Chairman Henry W. Robinson 
of the Massachusetts division racing board. 

The thing has been in the wind for a long time and it is only now that 

The Plans Have Been Finally Perfected and Approved 
by all interested. Letters were written by Zimmerman and other racers, 
giving the benefit of their practical experience, and at a meeting at the 
Boston Athletic Association house one night recently, the racing men in- 
spected the plans as finally drawn and were highly pleased with them. 

The plans were drawn by C. H. Blackall, the celebrated architect, in 
consultation with W. E. McClintock, Massachusetts Road Commissioner. 

The track is in an ideal location for perfect results of racing. It lies 
in a nest of hills, which will shut off all wind and thus ensure good con- 
ditions. It will be the fastest in the world. The track will have no 
"hills" on it and will be three laps to the mile. This was decided on after 
Zimmerman had said that "for real interest to the spectators, a third of a 
mile is preferable." It will be built of blue gravel and some top dressing, 
necessarily kept a secret. The homestretch will be 400 feet straightaway 
and 45 feet wide, while the back will be but 25 feet in width, the back 
corners 30 feet and the corners leading into the home stretch and away 
from it, 60 feet in width. At the corners the grade of the banking will be 
two inches to the foot. No fence or pole will be laid along the inner edge, 
but the water pipe laid along the edge will be painted white, thus provid- 
ing a continuous curb, and complying with the rule. If a rider should 
strike this pipe while going at full speed, he would not be injured as if he 
should go into a fence. 

The Grand Stand Will Be a Most Beautiful Structure, 
rivalling the famous grand stand at the Boston Base Ball grounds. It will 
have its center opposite the finish line and the front of the lower portion 
will be divided into 78 private boxes. Directly in the rear will be seats 
accommodating 6,240 persons. One feature sure to meet with the com- 
mendation of all is the placing of the judges' stand on the same side of the 
track with the grand stand. In this way an unobstructed view of the track 
in all its parts will be given from the stand. 

The entrance to the park will be from South street, under a grand 
arch. This brings the visitor directly in front of the grand stand. A sort 
of an ell will be added to the grand stand building to be used for the ac- 
commodation of the racers. Here will be baths of all kinds, and a room 
for the newspaper men and telegraphers. The quarters for the reporters 
during races will be on either side off the judges' stand and directly over 
the tape. A building for the storage of bicycles and another for the con- 
venience of any wheelwomen visiting the grounds will be built, and the 
grounds will be lighted by electric lights, so that races will be run at 
night. 

The scheme is a big one, and to further carry out the idea of a cycle 
rendezvous in this part of the state, a fine club house will be built on the 
crest of land immediately behind the grand stand. Here will be reading 
rooms, baths, billiard and pool tables, and all the appointments to com- 
plete a first-class club house. An association will be formed called 

The Waltham Bicycle Park Association. 
To this all wheelmen are eligible and the annual dues will be $5. This en- 
titles to the use of the club house at all times, and the park at all times 
except when meetings are going on. Twenty-five per cent of the money 
obtained from club members for these season tickets will be returned to 
the several clubs. 

Further accommodations for spectators will be provided in a series of 
bleachers built at the turns. Inside the oval formed Uy the track will be a 
lawn border of fifteen feet and inside this, again, will be laid out tennis, 
croquette and lacrosse fields, also a base ball diamond. 

The spot is easy of access for twenty miles around, by road and cars, 
and will be an ideal one for a rendezvous of the kind in vie«'. 

The track will be formally opened on Memorial Day, May 30, with the 
races of the Massachusetts division, and they will be under the auspices of 
the new Associated Cycling Clubs of Boston. The date in the international 
circuit in Boston will be at the new track and again the Associated Clubs 
will have the races in charge. 

Just as soon as the snow is off the ground work will be begun and a 
large force of men put on, so that the work will be pushed through with 
dispatch. 

It is announced by Chief Consul Gerould that J. M. Krwin will be the 
Chicago member of the new Racing Board. 



The Chicago Racing Wheelmen Organized to Interest Riders in Road 

and Track Racing. 



The Chicago Racing Wheelmen is the latest organization in the 
World's Fair city. Its object is to promote track and road racing, and 
F. W. Morgan, of Morgan & Wright, F. T. Fowler, of the Hill Cycle Co., 
and H. J. Winn, of the Illinois Cycle Works, are responsible for its crea- 
tion. Active riders only are wanted and to these are offered proper train- 
ing facilities, which many are now unable to obtain. The dues will be |i 
per month and the proceeds will be turned into a training fund. The 
club will have no social features, but will devote all of its efforts to bring- 
ing out good men and training them. 

Chicago has always represented the West in racing circles and has 
generally been able to hold her own, even with the cracks of the eastern 
athletic clubs, whose big purses enabled them to pay training exnenses. 
One of the great odds that the Chicago men have had to contend with has 
been the inability to secure proper training. The C. R. W. will hire com- 
petent trainers, who will look after all of the members who aspire to gain 
laurels on the path or road and see that they are cared for. Training 
quarters will be secured in each of the three divisions of the city and there 
is no reason why Chicago should not bring out many promising new 
racers this year. She has any number of good riders who only need 
encouragement to become high grade racing men. 

There is talk of securing a track for the organization, probably on the 
West Side. To secure the necessary funds a large raffle will be held. 
Several of the manufacturers have agreed to furnish wheels and tires and 
enough money may be raised from this source to build a track. If a 
good team can be brought out it will probably be sent on the big circuit 
to compete against all comers. 

The club was organized at a meeting held on March i, on the West 
Side. F. W. Morgan was elected president, F. T. Fowler vice president, 
A. D. F. Simmons secretary and H. J. Winn treasurer. 

Another meeting was held last Wednesday and the situation thor- 
oughly discussed. A committee was appointed to search for suitable 
training quarters. A room will be secured on one of the West Side boule- 
vards and fitted up with all training appliances. The new organization 
may take charge of the Riverside road race. 



Mecredy Coming to Chicago. 
Clash the cymbals! Sound the timbrel! "Ar Jay" is coming to 
Chicago! He has declared it, and what R. J. Mecredy says about himself 
must be so. The veteran Irish editor announces that, whether or no the 
Irish Cyclists' Association sends over representatives, he will be in Chicago, 
when the time comes, to shout Erin go bragh! and wiggle his pedal 
appendages for the glory of ould Ireland and such of the world's champion- 
ships as he can enter for. Americans will be glad to know this. They 
know Mr. Mecredy by fame and want to see him personally. They will 
be glad to overlook such little peculiarities as publishing his portrait in his 
own paper and to greet and entertain a man who is beloved by his club 
members as a good fellow. 




"Modest Little 'Arris." 
A. W. Harris — "modest little 'Arris" 
as he is known in England — has decided 
to visit Chicago this year to compete in the 
championships. Harris is the man who 
announces that he stood a good show of 
beating Zimmerman. When it came the 
time to do it Arthur A. played with the boy 
and left him at the last quarter. Harris, 
however, rode a flying mile in England 
recently in 2:10. His father reminds one 
of our "Papa" Zimmerman and "Papa" 
Sanger. He takes a great interest in "my 
boy" and has written to the English papers 
announcing that young Harris will start for 
Chicago about August i. 



Zimmerman's Whereabouts. 



A. W. HAKRIS. 



Current reports state that Zimmerman 

is at Brunswick, but The Bearings has 

received the following from H. C. Wheeler, at Savannah: "Am located 

here for six weeks and am getting in shape with Zimmy. The roads and 

track (cement) are very fine and the climate is perfection itself." 



Africa Will be Represented. 
The South African Cyclists' Union was formed several months ago and 
will send representatives to Chicago. L. S. Meintjes and W. Newby-Fras- 
er, of Johannesburg, will probably be the men. 



The Springfield Meet. 
Two international races will grace the big Springfield tournament this 
year — another "diamond tournament, by the way. On Wednesday, 
September 13, the "Springfield invitation race" will be run and on Sep- 
tember 14 the "Springfield international race." Five diamonds, worth $50 
$75. f 100, $125 and $150, will be given in each race. Springfield wants 
one of the three international championships, but Chicago doubtless gets 
them. 

A fact: a little boy who had listened, heard but not understood at 
Sunday school, went home and asked: "Papa, did you ever take a bicycle 
ride on the straight road to Hell?" 



THE BEARINGS. 



THE PULLM AN W ILL BE RUN. 

Chicago Park Commissioners Issue a Permit to run the Famous Race 
Over the Classic Course. 



SIZE OF THE CHICAGO TRACK. 



Through the efforts of Mr. R. D. Garden, who had "two good men" 
at work on the matter, under his supervision, the South Park Commis- 
sioners last Wednesday night decided to permit the running of the Pull- 
man road race over the old course. Mr. Garden is enthusiastic. He 
believes that with the co-operation of the authorities and Illinois Central 
Railway Company the threatened hindrances to the race on account of 
World's Fair crowds will be obviated, and that there will be over 500 
entries. 

The Riverside road race, proposed to be run by the Illinois C. C. on 
the West Side on Decoration Day, will be conducted on another day. 

The Associated Clubs decided upon the Pullman course last night and 
placed the entry fee at $2. Details will be considered March 21. 



Australian Races Will Have to be Sanctioned. 
Melbourne, Australia, Jan. 14. — TheV. R. C. A. have passed a motion to 
the effect that all cycle races in Victoria must be run under their rules and 
any rider riding in any races not under the Association sanction will be 
suspended, disqualified or whatever the offense merits. The Melbourne 
B. C. are quite upset about it, and by a little underhand work have sought 
to do the Association some harm in connection with the Australian 
Natives' Association Races, which come off this month, and which are run 
under V. R. C. A. rule. The M. B. C. represented it as boycotting their 
members from the A. V. A. races, while the boot was on the other leg. 
The V. R. C. A. don't mind the M. B. C. men riding at the said sports, but 
object to their own members riding at the Caledonia sports held on the 
same day under the M. B. C. rules. The fight will be a long one. — Dingo. 



Charleston Wants a Track. 
Charleston, S. C, March i.— The Y. M. C. A. Cycle Club has changed 
its name to the Charleston Wheelmen. This club is the largest and most 
popular one in the city and bids fair to become one of the largest in the 
South. The club has just opened to its members elegant and hand- 
somely furnished rooms in the Mills House, and is now agitating a track, 
which doubtless will be started very soon and in all likelihood will be of 
cement and similar to the one in Savannah. The track association is 
already formed. 

Buffalo Races. 
One of the first indoor meets of the season was held at Buffalo last 
Saturday, under the auspices of the Sixty-fifth Regiment A. A. There 
were two bicycle races on the program. J. C. Penseyres won the mile open, 
L. A. Calahan second, in 3:003-5. W. G. Holden won the novice, F. A. 
Foell second. Time, 3:02. 

California Races. 
On February 27, at the race meet held at Riverside, Cal., D. L. Burke 
won the mile open event, and Will S. Ruby took first place in the 2:45 
class race; also second place in the two mile handicap. Both of these 
riders were mounted on Rambler racers. 



Heme Hill Surface Will be Wood. 
For some time past there has been a good deal of curiosity as to the 
new surface at Heme Hill. We are now in a position to state authoritatively 
that the new surface is to be a wooden one, says Wheeling. Battens of 
pitch pine will be laid across the patch, spaces being left so that the 
timber will be free to expand and contract. Cork will also be brought 
into requisition, but we are not allowed to go into full details, as a patent 
is pending. 

England's L.icensing Scheme. 
The proposed rules for licensing English racing men have just been 
made public. Every rider who competes in a race sanctioned by the N. 
C. U. must, if they are adopted, secure a license. This will cost 62 cents a 
year. Foreign riders, like Zimmerman, who are not under control of the 
N. C. U., must apply to the honorable secretary, and if approved, the 
general committee will grant a license. 



Toledo May Have a Track. 

"It now appears that our scheme for building a track will go through 
all right," is the late word which comes from Toledo, concerning a plan 
which is being actively agitated for building a cycle track in that city. Mr. 
F. H. Chapman, who was a prominent figure at last year's big meets, is 
giving his personal attention to the matter and reports concerning it should 
not be regarded as idle gossip. 



Anything to Beat Zimmerman. 
Cycling, the English paper, will give a $25 gold medal to the first 
Britisher who beats Zimmerman in a championship. John Bull is offering 
his racing men every inducement to beat the American champion. 

A demand has been made on the N. C. A. that that body call upon 
J. W. Schofield for an explanation as to his amateur standing. 

C. W. Nairn, editor of Wheeling, has challenged C. H. Larrette to ride 
a race, Nairn's mount to be a tricycle. The editor of Wheeling is des- 
cribed as a "good old has been" while L,arrette is an active rider. 

X. Y. Z., in British Sports, recommends among other championship 
reforms, the abolition of the time medal system. He says that third 
raters always win them because the cracks will not try for them because 
of the lack of pacemakers. 

I. W. Boothroyd, manufacturer of the famous tire bearing his name, 
has brought out such riders as Shorland, Adams and Oxborrow. 



The International Race Committee Will Probably Make it One-third 

of a Mile. 



It has been generally supposed that the Chicago track, upon which the 
international races will be run, would be one-half mile long. It was first 
intended to have it of that size, but the international race committee has 
undergone a change of mind and, according to Chief Consul Gerould, will 
decide in favor of a one-third mile track. 

H. E. Raymond will be in Chicago next Monday and as soon as he 
arrives a meeting of the committee will be held. Colonel Burdett will not 
be present, being detained by business. This meeting will be the most 
important one yet held by the committee. Partial surveys have been made 
and the surveyors will make a report; the size of the track will be decided 
on, contracts will be let, a suitable surface will be selected and all principal 
details will be arranged. After the meeting active work will be begun and 
about the time the World's Fair opens Chicago's track will be a reality. 

Burnt clay has been generally announced as the material which would 
be used in building the track. This is one of the essential points to be 
decided upon by the committee. 

Later. — Chief Consul Gerould last night reported $17,500 actually 
subscribed for the track, that $20,000 was practically assured and that he 
hoped the amount would rise to $25,000 or $30,000. 



CHAFF. 



The French minister of war takes an airing daily on a bicycle. 

Walking shoes with pneumatic soles are being talked of in England. 

The Milwaukee Wheelmen will probably hold an indoor meet on 
June I. 

Wheeling of February 25 says Osmond is still laid up with his dam- 
aged knee. 

The King of Belgium will attend the opening of a new cement track at 
Brussels in May. 

Sanger began training under Culver March 7. He will "gymnaze" 
until shortly before his trip to England. 

Shorland, Harris, Ede, Mills, Leitch and Sansom all ride Humbers. 
They are the flower of the English racing men. 

Frank Shorland says that he will not be able to devote much time to 
racing this year but will defend his title to the Cuca Cup. 

Austrian and German cyclists are intensely interested in the Berlin- 
Vienna race, which is set for June 29. One gentleman has contributed a 
large sum to the prize fund. 

Chief Consul Hackney, of Colorado, is in Chicago and goes home 
today via Aurora. He feels more ai d more encouraged concerning Den- 
ver for the '94 League meet. 

The cycling members of the defunct Manhattan Athletic Club will 
organize the Cherry Diamond Wheeling Club. It is said that several 
wealthy Hebrews will purchase the M. A, C. house and use it for club pur- 
poses. 

Through the efforts of the Bay City Wheelmen, San Francisco will 
soon have a new track. It will be located at Central Park and will be five 
laps to the mile. It will be thirty feet wide in the stretches and be banked 
eight feet. 

All the wheel papers devoted pages to the meeting of the National 
Assembly. The best written account was in The Bearings, of Chicago. 
Bicycling World, the official organ, got in four days late, and contained 
the poorest account of all. — Louisville Times. 



■ /}Mh////J 



'"I ¥t'^, 



ffl i\%'^\*'\ 



•liiiiiiii. 



iil^ts^^V 




Discussing the New Rules. 



THE BEARINGS. 





^^^Irt^^'^tP-CA 



Entered at the Chicago Post Office as Second Claxx matter- 

PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY BY 

THE BEARINGS PUBLISHING CO. 

Rooms 335-336 Manhattan Building, 307-321 Dearborn St., CHICAGO. 



L. J. BERQER, Editor. . = - = CHARLES A. COX, Illustrator. 

N. H. VAN SiCKLEN, President and Business Hanager. 



Foreign Representative, "CYCLING, " 27 Bouverle Street, Fleet Street, London, E. C. 



Onu Year 



subscriptions: 
$2.00 I SIX Months 

SIX WEEKS (trial) - - 25c. 



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Advertising Rates on Application. 

Copy for Advertisements must be in hand not later than Monday, to insure attention 
for the following issue. 

All manuscript intended for publication should be in hand not later than Monday 
morning and should be addressed to The Editor. Write plainly; on one side of the paper 
only. All communications .should be signed by the writer's name, although not neces- 
sary for publication. Unpublished manuscript and sketches will be returned only when 
accompanied by postage to cover the same. 

All checks and postal notes for advertising or subscriptions must be made to the 
order of The Bearings Publishing Co. 

OUR POLICY 

A journal devoted exclusively to the cycle trade forms a medium be- 
tv?een manufacturer and dealer. The Bearings occupies a broader field. 
It is the rider's paper and is conducted upon the theory that a medium 
between manufacturer and dealer and between these and the rider is most 
valuable to all concerned. Results have proved the correctness of our 
theory, faithful adherence to which has placed our circulation — trade and 
general — far above that of any other independent cycling journal. 



DECORATION DAY I N CALIFORNIA. 

Considering the comparatively small population of the far West, 
cycling is Ejrowing with great rapidity on the Pacific coast and the daily 
papers of California teem with cycling notes. 

In the growth of every movement there is a point where opposition is 
developed. It is natural. There must be a negative for every positive. 
A California paper — the Rohnerville Herald — arises to protest against 
cycle racing on Decoration Day. Concerning the efforts of one Walter 
Fawcett to arrange for a road race on that day, it says: 

Memorial day is not a holiday, it is a holy one. The associations that cluster around 
it have invested the occasion with the sanctity of the Sabbath, the usages to which it is 
dedicated and the purposes for which it was set apart endow it with a grandeur and a 
solemnity peculiarly its own. The rites of Decoration are in hoLor of the dead. 
The day on which the hallowed graves of the brave defenders of the Union are strewn 
with the fragrant tributes of a re-united nation's affection, is sacred to them. Rude 
amusement, boisterous sport or violent competition have no part or place in the exercises 
of this hallowed day, and those who originate or encourage them are either thoughtlessly 
selfish, entirely indifferent to the feelings of others, or sadly lacking in patriotism. No 
true .'\merican who knows of the hardships endured by the brave boys in blue, and thinks 
of the untold misery they suffered; how gallantly they fought and goriously they died, 
would discredit his nationality and disgi-ace himself by profaning the beautiful observ- 
ances of a patriotic people . 

It continues in the same high-minded, patriotic strain, and we do not 
venture to declare it wrong. We do think, however, that Mr. Fawcett can 
find a sufiicient excuse in the customs of the East, if he wishes, for his 
apparent lack of patriotism. It may be odd but it is true that Decoration 
Day has become a time for a general "jollying up" in most of the large 
cities of the country. In the smaller towns the day is hardly observed, 
and cases are rare where it is regarded as the "saddest, sweetest, holiest 
day in all the year." 

If it is so regarded in California, we are glad to know it and would 
strongly advise wheelmen there to cheerfully abide the customs of their 
own community, instead of fluttering after the strange gods of the East. 



THE C. R. C. ORGANIZED. 



The Bearings has said so much concerning the Century Road Club 
and its possibilities that there is little to add at this time beyond congratu- 
lating the Club upon having elected officers who are certainly not the kind 
of men who will neglect their duties. Granting that, it seems to be a 
foregone conclusion that the Club will prosper. There will be a few vigor- 
ous "howls" registered, perhaps, by those members who have suffered 
from imagined or real inattention in the past. These matters will be dis- 
posed of and then the Club will go on and fill whatever mission it may. 



Perhaps it will eventually become a road-racing association, though that 
end does not seem advisable now. It may become a factor in the road 
movement. Whatever else it does, it will surely be an association of 
sturdy good fellows who actually ride bicycles. 

The Bearings is complimented by having been selected as the Club's 
ofiScial organ. Our position in the matter should be, if it is not, under- 
stood. This paper has always been foremost in projecting Century Road 
Club ideas and in defending the organization against those who have pro- 
claimed it useless. On the other hand, we are not willing to wear an 
ofiicial yoke. We will shoulder no responsibility for past or future 
actions of those in charge of the Club's policy, which may injure its pros- 
perity. We shall maintain a relation of sincere independence. As stated 
in our offer, our columns are open for the publication of official matter in 
brief form and we recommend to the officers that no real news concerning 
the Club be withheld from the other cycling journals. 

All that now remains is for President Skiukle to fill the committees 
and state centurionships by appointments, as provided in the by-laws. 

And then . 



A GOOD PLAN. 



If L. A. W. racing rules are plentifully violated this year, Chairman 
Raymond does not intend that it shall be done in general ignorance of 
those rules. He has submitted to all chief consuls a plan by which every 
division, by sending him by March 15 an order for say |io worth of racing 
rules (250 books at 4 cents each), may receive the same by March 15 and 
distribute them among clubs and individuals. Mr. Raymond also intends 
to supply all local consuls with the rules. It is his intention to incorporate 
in the book of rules this year about 12 pages of information regarding 
definition of rules, official entry blanks, score sheets, timer's sheets and 
general limits to race promoters. 

We have much pleasure in commending Mr. Raymond's plan and in 
urging its adoption by divisions. It seems to be the very best way in which 
the prevalent ignorance concerning L. A. W. racing rules may be quickly 
removed and may save many a bucolic racing man from greedily competing 
for a paltry $5 pot and consequently losing his amateur status. 



THE COUNTRY RUN. 




tasteful altogether. 



A remedy for that which ails the country run has become a universal 

craving in America. 
England knows the 
same desire, but in a 
milder form. As to 
Germany and France, 
your Teuton and Gaul 
are too fond of leis- 
urely chat and the 
soothing allurements 
of the mug and goblet 
at ye wayside inn, to 
become enamored of 
those things which 
make sweaty displeas- 
ure of summer rides 
or render them dis- 
In Ireland, though cycling has many devotees, it is 
still in its pristine stage. Poverty and what not have prevented it from 
becoming universal. That and country club houses keep down the 
scorching fever. 

Just those two things — city club houses and scorching — have grappled 
with the country run and almost cast it down. In auld lang syne, when 
Jim met Bob at six o'clock in the morning, under the lamp-post at the 
old corner near city limits, and asked whether Jack and Tom and the other 
fellows were likely to turn up, there were no club houses; the term "scorch- 
ing" was unknown. The ride begun, to pass the captain was absolute dis- 
courtesy. They rode and climbed and coasted on, glad in each other's 
company. No hurry, none of that puffing glumness of today. 

Below is printed a letter received some time ago. Passing by the 
lolly-gagging influences of the modern cycling club house, it speaks of the 
down-trodden run, names its enemy and suggests a familiar, if little used 
cure. Here it is: 

THE REMEDY. 

In the Christmas number of The Bearings there is an article on the 
decadence of country runs, which the majority of club members can vouch 
for as being nearly correct. The runs of today are not attended by one 
quarter of the membership. This state of affairs can be directly traced to 
the scorchers, whose sole ambition, as soon as they get to the outskirts of 
the city, is to hump their backs and dig out at a three minute gait. This 
is very good road practice for that class of riders, and is perhaps commend- 
able at any other time than on club runs, but it should effect of discourag- 
ing the big majority of those members who was thelike very much to at- 



THE BEARINGS. 



tend the runs, yet know that they must exhaust themselves to keep up or 
have the pleasure (?) of being tail-enders, a mile or two in the rear. 

Let the officer in command set a moderate pace and restrict every 
rider to that pace; keep an eye on the slow riders and call a halt when they 
seem to be giving out; keep the riders together; promote sociability. 

If you do not like a fellow-member, do not ignore him. Be civil, at 
least. Have a word for every one on the run; let good humor be the order 
of the day. Let the captain fine everyone who reaches the destination be- 
fore himself, barring accidents. Notify every club member of contem- 
plated runs; time to meet, time expected to return. Start home in time to 
allow every rider opportunity for the bath and rub-down before dinner; and 
positively do not scorch. Everything depends on the officers. Let them 
enforce discipline and the members will find the run a pleasure instead of 
a day's hard work. 

Make your club runs in summer successful and your winter entertain- 
ments will be well attended. 

Wm. McWadb. 

South End Wheelmen, Philadelphia. 



Mr. J. M.Erwin, we are informed, will be the Chicago member of the new 
Racing Board. Mr. Erwin is a young man of undoubted ability and shrewd- 
ness, is inquisitive to a high degree and has long been regarded as Chief 
Consul Gerould's protege. Whether he will risk the loss of personal popu- 
larity in the strict performance of his work remains to be seen. The 
Bearings begs to assure the new appointee of perfect fairness. He was 
until recently a valued contributor to our columns, over the nom de plume 
William Twinkle. The Twinkle letters ceased at his own desire and we 
have never had cause to question his fair judgment except once. His 
report of a recent Chicago caucus, in a local daily, made it appear that the 
editDrs of The Referee and of this paper believed and were alone in the 
belief that the present L A. W. organ could be shortly discontinued a d 
Good Roads substituted. It was an incorrect report and unjust in its 
effects. 



Bicycling World's small boys are at it again. They cry us down be- 
cause our representatives at Philadelphia did < ot get up in meetin' to 
uphold the policy of this paper. Mr. Van Sicklen, whose time is fully 
occupied in attending to the business interests of The Bearings, had no 
more right t ■ speak at Philadelphia than had Mr. Hodges, the publisher 
of Bi. World; perhaps not as much, for he was not a delegate. Neither 
was our editor, who was there simply to report proceedings. It was not 
our province to "work" the Assembly. We thought our legitimate work — 
giving publicity to the desires of League members — was ended when the 
conventiou opened, but it may be that the end is not yet. 



Assertions are being prettily made that there are certain gentlemen 
closely or remotely connected with the cycle trade who are impervious to 
trade influences and should consequently be eligible to membership in the 
new Racing Board. These assertions do not weaken the fact that no man 
whose temperament or business makes his peace of mind greatly dependent 
upon the opinions of fellow wheelmen should be a member of the Board. 



The official organ is mightily concerned over the possibility that a 
number of racing men will find it so inconvenient to honestly abide by the 
laws of the L- A. W. that they will have to be fired into the frying pan of 
the N. C. A. Is the organ actuated by the sincere belief that the L. A. W. 
should shelter shamateurs, or by the very apparent personal feelings of its 
editors toward those connected with the N. C. A.? 



Modest Yonny Yonson persists in singing his song to newspaper 
reporters, to the effect that other racing men combine and pocket him. 
This little song strengthens general belief in his unaccepted Independence 
records wonderfully (?). Yonny will have a more truthful song to sing 
bfore the season's close, perhaps. He may be hopelessly staled by his 
winter work. 



It is said that the 750 or more druggists in Chicago have defeated two 
candidates for the mayoralty. They found something to accomplish and 
accomplished it. Wheelmen want economical and thorough street-clean- 
ing. It is said there is an organization here known as the Associated 
Cycling Clubs, and that it has a committee on political action. 



Unless the Executive Committee heeds the warning given it by The 
Bearings this week, the League may shortly learn to its sorrow the 
details of that Wheelman Company contract. We will then learn whether 
or not President Burdett knew whereof he spoke when he said that the 
League holds the cool end of the poker. 



Say what you may against Chairman Raymond's criticism of the 
cycling press, the fact remains that faked and carelessly made records have 
been unwittingly encouraged by accepting them too readily. The Racing 
Board should do its share in remedying the evil by passing upon record 
claims more promptly. 

An eastern paper states that fifteen foot-runners will cover the 75 
miles 'twixt New Haven and New York in five-mile relays, in May. 
The message-bearing feature of the cycle relay ride will be used, but 
"better weather will be arranged for." Subsidized the weather clerk, we 
suppose. 

The shamateur gets another blow. "Athletic memberships" are 
being abolished in the big athletic clubs, which .amounts to an announce- 
ment that Shammy and his generous salary and expense account are no 
longer profitable. And the manufacturers — what will they do? 



A film of mystery surrounds that amendment proposed by Colonel 
Burdett, dividing L. A. W. fees and dues so as to give the national treasury 
more and the divisions less. Why wasn't the proposal proposed, at Phila- 
delphia? And what was the whichness of it, anyway? 

Philadelphia's Associated Clubs again to the front. By means of a 
big inter-club smoker and entertainment much public attention will be 
attracted, the general fraternal feeling will be enhanced. Good old Philly 
is not slow in the bicycular line. 



If The Bearings reaches you late this week, the cause will have 
been a fire which, on account of municipal orders, delayed employes in 
regaining entrance to the composing and press rooms. 

It is all very pleasant to meet fellow wheelmen, but when jobbers' 
travelers meet half a dozen competitors in every town it is different. 
" There are moments when one wants to be alone." 

Now that the C. R. C. is weaned and walking. Papa Herrick will laugh 
a sardonic laugh and play a few " bars " for very joy. And Mama Bettsy — 
will she caress or spank ? 

It is naturally to be supposed that our Boston contemporary will 
refrain from participating in any future discussion upon the proxy evil. 

If Vice Consul Billingsley, of Illinois, succeeds in becoming an alder- 
man at Springfield the state capital may again have decent streets. 



Tammanyaheadof cycling thought ! New York aldermen are debat- 
ing the advisability of enforcing a universal light ordinance. 



"Why does not the N. C. A. build its tracks?" is asked. Probably 
because large bodies — and cautious ones- —move slowly. 



John Jacob Astor, multi-millionaire, is a roads enthusiast and has been 
diligently writing upon that subject. No, not checks. 



Ought a Racing Board member act as news correspondent for the N. 
C. A. organ ? 

Even a capitalist has virtues. Ask Boston wheelmen about it. 



DETERMINED TO LEARN. 

A well known doctor of divinity had in his congregation a most 
determined old fellow who seemed quite zealous in the good work; but 
one Sunday he did not appear at church and for three consecutive Sundays 
the preacher noticed his absence and then went to see him. He found him 
at home in his usual health and spirits and after some general talk he came 
to the object of his visit. 

"You have not been to church lately, brother John," he said. "No," 
confessed the brother. 

"You are falling from grace, I fear." "May be I am, parson." 

"Why, my dear friend!" exclaimed the preacher, "how does that 
happen?" The erring brother braced up and his face grew hard and firm. 

"You know that new bicycle I bought of Birdie Munger?" he said. 
"Yes." 

"Gave him $150 for it." "Yes." 

"Not worth a hooter unless I can ride it." "No." 

"Well, I undertook to learn." '"Yes." 

"And I found out I couldn't learn and be a Christian at the same time, 
but, parson, I'll ride that ar machine if I never get to the New Jerusalem." 

Naturally, the good man was greatly shocked, but he could not help 
admiring the determination of his brother, and when he saw him the next 
Sunday take his usual seat in church with a satisfied and composed air, 
he concluded that divine providence had come to the rescue and Birdie's 
"Arrow" had made a bull's eye. 




BAI,TIM0RE " ASPHAW.* 



THE BEARINQS. 



WHAT WILL IT BRING FORTH ? 

ihe First Meeting of the N. C. A. Held in New York — Trying to 
"Bluff" Zimmerman. 



New York, March 5. — The announcement that the National Cyclists' 
Association will meet at the Fifth Avenue Hotel on Thursday and form a 
permanent organization is the first official announcement that has been 
made regarding the movements of this association. Great interest is man- 
fested in the outcome of the meeting. It is assured that the names of 
the one hundred applicants for licenses will be made public, and the gen- 
uine strength of the new body shown. 

There have been conflicting rumors afloat for some time regarding the 
attitude of A. A. Zimmerman toward the cash prize association. It is 
known that steps have been taken to win him over to the new league, and 
some well informed persons even go so far as to state that the N. C. A. 
boomers have even tried to intimidate him into join'rig them. This asser- 
tion is backed up by the intimation that a person connected with the 
N. C. A. is under the impression that he can rather dictate to Zimmer- 
man on account of some little transaction (?) last year, but I think from 
all that I have learned that this cash prize advocate will find that he is 
reckoning wrongly. Zimmerman has stated positively that he will not 
afiiliate with the N. C. A., all reports to the contrary notwithstanding, 
but will race under the L. A. W. rules. Joseph McDermott says the same 
thing about Zimmerman. 

How to Dodge the New Rule. 

For the past year the Racing Board has been maligned for its so-called 
inefficiency in detecting racing men violating the L. A. W. rules. The 
amateur definition has been declared out of sorts. The question was dis- 
cussed pro and con for a year, and now we have had the amateur rule 
changed, but with what result .' The idea that the change in the amateur 
rule is going to remedy the long existing evils of men receiving remunera- 
tion for the.r work will be found erroneous. This year it is the impression 
that the racing men will all evade the violation of the new rules by travel- 
ing around the country as bicycle salesmen. 

What's to prevent ? The adoption of such a plan can get around the 
rules — affidavits are small matters — and now how are our amateur ranks 
benefited by the change? 

The M. A. C. and Racing Men. 

For the past month the affairs of the Manhattan Athletic Club have 
been well ventilated by the press. The club is in debt up to its roof gar- 
den, so to speak, and it seems that some of the wheelmen who raced for 
the honor of the cherry diamond are a trifle out of pocket. One rider, 
who is as prominent as Zimmerman, is said to have a standing account 
of $200 legitimate expenses, unpaid. This is rather rough on the 
cycling team, but to give them credit, few of them speak poorly of the 
club. They, with few exceptions, say that they were treated well and 
that while the club had money it was liberal with expenses. 



The N. C. A. Meeting. 

New York, March 9. — The National Cyclists' Association met at the 
Fifth Avenue hotel today aft<"r the base-ball convention closed and 
adopted a constitution and by-laws. The minimum amount of prize 
money for any one race meet was fixed at $1,000. Racing men must wear 
colors. Very few base-ball magnates are interested and it is only definitely 
decided that two tracks will be built — at Brooklyn and Philadelphia. 
Tomorrow a schedule of meets will be arranged. The oflicers: C. H. 
Byrne, Brooklyn, president; F. A. Egan, Philadelphia, secretary and 
treasurer. Governing board — P. L. Powers, New York; F. C. Richter, 
-Philadelphia; C. Von der Ahe, St. Louis; F. S. Elliott, Philadelphia. 
Schedule committee — P. L. Powers, C. Von der Ahe, and J. S. Franklin. 



Looking for New Members. 

Philadelphia, March 4. — The rush for new members has taken another 
impetus among the Philadelphia clubs. Last year was a severe one among 
them, especially the smaller ones, and the hard winter has made cycling 
almost an impossibility during the past few months. With an eye to the 
coming season the initiation fee has been suspended in some of them. 
First it was the smaller clubs, then the Pennsylvania Bi. Club and now 
the Park Avenue Wheelmen announce that there will be no initiation fee 
charged during the next two months. 

During the recent constitutional convention the visiting delegates took 
a tour of the club houses in Philadelphia. 

The success of the wheelmen in politics is fully illustrated in Phila- 
delphia where, at the February election, the wheelmen's votes and voices 
were instrumental in defeating five candidates for City Councils. The 
defeated men were against proper street improvements and opposed many 
municipal reform measures that were not only of importance to cyclers but 
also to the whole municipality. 

The Century Wheelmen, are thinking of increasing their initiation fee 
to $20. 

The Century Wheelmen held a "What-it-is" in their gymnasium on 
Tuesday, the 7th. The menu was. "Music and Athletics," "Cider and 
Doughnuts," "Cigars and Peanuts." Twelve hundred invitations had been 
issued, so the club house was crowded. Boxing, wrestling, bar work and 
other exercises by club members together with music by the Century 
Banjo Club and other performers constituted the programme. 

The Pennsylvania Bicycle Club will hold amateur theatricals after 
Lent. The programme will consist of a parody on a "Woman's Work" 
and another farce. 

Booming Cycling in Portland. 
Portland, Oregon, March 4.— Cycling in Portland, which during the 
rainy season has been but a sordid chrysalis, has suddenly sprung into life, 



thanks to the warming rays of Old Sol and to the energy of our dealers. 
The Columbia Cycle Co., having the advantages of location and the push 
of E. W. Ballard, its new manager, bids fair to be the most attractive store 
in the city. Mr. Ballard says he will have every man, woman and child in 
Portland riding a Raleigh or Rudge before the season is far advanced and 
is only waiting for the incoming freight to prove his statement. 

Fred T. Merrill, whose enterprise is .proverbial, is continually opening 
up new possibilities in cycling. His latest departure is the conversion of 
the exposition building into a cycle academy and riding school for the 
benefit of his customers and prospective purchasers. Three evenings a 
week will be resented for invitation parties and the building will be 
open at all hours for the rental of wheels. Thus Merrill hopes to inter- 
est our non-cycling citizens in the good cause. 

As for racing men we are very sanguine. If Ballard is any criterion, 
we hope to develop great speed in several promising riders. Four of our 
riders lately competed in a bicycle race held in connection with the athletic 
games of Company G, Oregon National Guard. Company G had never 
heard of the L. A. W. and refused to accept the sanction which our consul, 
C. C. Howe, procured for them. The men did not heed their warning and 
got sixty days from Chairman Raymond. — Ragde. 



Road Hogs Beaten. 

St. Louis, March 5. — Homer A. Canfield succeeded in convincing a jury 
in Judge Klein's court that one of tLe drivers employed by Patrick and 
Bernard Donnelly had run him down maliciously while he was riding on 
his own side of the street. He was awarded $50 damages. 

The Forest Park Road Race Association held a meeting on March i 
and elected A. J. Emery president and Will P. Laing secretary-treasurer 
for the ensuing year. It was decided to hold the road race on May 20, the 
distance to remain the same as heretofore — seventeen and one-half miles. 
In view of the liberal handicap limit (ten minutes) three time prizes will be 
offered, so that the back mark men will stand a chance of winning a prize. 



Will Travel to Chicago In Style. 

Rochester, March 5. — Indoor football is the rage among the local 
wheelmen. For some time past the Genesee B. C. members have been 
practicing preparatory to an exhibition game with the eleven of the Uni- 
versity of Rochester, which will be held in Washington Rink, March 15. 

The Ramblers elected officers last Friday evening, resulting in the 
choice of W. P. O'Brien for president, and Charles H. Grashol for sec- 
retary. Considerable interest is taken in the club's pool tournament in 
which W. W. Zimmerman is leading. 

About thirty members of the Genesee Bicycling Club will go to the 
League meet at Chicago in August on a chartered vestibuled car. They 
will be accompanied by the club's steward, it being their intention to side- 
track the car and use it as their quarters. 



Plans For The Relay Ride. 
Peoria, March 6. — C. F. Vail and A. L. Atkins will have charge of the 
Peoria-to-Sterling division of the Illinois-Wisconsin relay ride this 
spring. Thomas Smith, of Pekin, will care for the Mason City and Pekin 
division and Robert Lennie the Sterling-to-state line division. Changes 
will be made in the center of each city, local riders bringing the message 
into their own towns. The pace will be limited to 12 miles per hour, 
night and day. The messenger will leave Springfield at 9 a. m., reach 
Peoria about 5 p. m., and Sterling at i a. m., next day. The night ride 
will be made by full moonlight. 



To Organize a Maryland Century Club. 
Baltimore, March 6. — A number of prominent wheelmen are forming 
the Maryland Century Club. A meeting has been called for March 16 
when the organization will be perfected. It is the plan to present each 
meniber with a handsome gold badge, the pendant of which will represent 
a 100 mile stone with a wheel as a background. An extra bar will go with 
each five centuries ridden. Initiation, $3.50; no dues, but the executive 
committee may call not more than two special assessments of 50 cents each 
during the year. 



North Dakota Cycling. 

Fargo, N. D., March i. — Cycling in this part of the great Northwest is 
at a standstill at present, owing to the heavy snows, but some of our riders 
used their pneumatics until pfter January I. The Dual City Wheel Club 
was organized here last May with forty members, seven of whom are young 
ladies. The officers are: J. Ninger, president; Miss Delia Humes, vice 
president; Miss Maggie Davidson, secretary; Miss Lillian Mott, treasurer; 
F. W. Stanton, captain; J. E. Johnson, Moorhead, Minn., lieutenant. 

Cycling is delightful here in summer, the natural roads of clay being 
smooth and hard as pavement, and in this northern latitude it is daylight 
until after 9 p. m. — J. N. 



Cycling Active in El Paso, Texas. 

El Paso, Texas, Feb. 28. — Wheeling in this part of the country for the 
past year has been very flourishing. Six months ago our Commercial 
Cycling Club was organized — present membership, 55. The club is in a 
healthy condition; great interest prevails and there is every prospect for 
rapid advancement. During the winter months we found it necessary, in 
order to keep up interest, to form a gymnasium, so now we have quite a 
complete one, and to add to our sports we have formed a foot-ball team. 

Riding is good the whole year round in El Paso, but in winter it gets 
too cool to be comfortable, so we would rather enjoy indoor sports. Every 
Sunday the club takes a ten-mile and frequently a fifty-mile run, but so 
far have not been able to make a century. The Sherman boys started for 
a century a few Sundays ago, but when they had gone fifty miles they 
gave it up and came back on the train. We are very ambitious and soon 



THE BEARINCj^S. 



you will hear of southwestern wheelmen holding century runs. Next 
month we will give our first annual ball, and in March we contemplate 
a thirteen-mile road race. 

Early last December the great southwest silver convention was held 
here and we had the finest turnout of the occasion. Our colors are orange 
and black, and with our striped jackets and black knee breeches we made 
a fine showing in the day time, while at night we gave one of the finest 
lantern parades southern people ever saw. The largest number of lan- 
terns on one wheel was 78 and there were 70 riders — a good showing for a 
town of 12,000 inhabitants. 

During the coming season we look for the building of a track and an 
increase in L. A. W. membership. All the work must be done by the 
younger element, however, as no older persons are concerned. — F. H. K. 



THE CHICAGO CLUB'S NEW HOME. 



Kansas City Wants Boulevards. 

Kansas City, Mo., March 4. — The officers of the new club, the Jackson 
County Wheelmen, are: President, A. T. Hillyard; vice president, T. 
Cannon; secretary and treasurer, P. A. Nelson; captain, E. S. Hall. 

The Kansas City Cyclists held the first run of the season Sunday week 
to Waldo Park. The fine macadam road running south from the city 
for niije miles, was in excellent condition. About twenty turned out. 

Wheelmen are very much interested in the present agitation for boule- 
vards in and about the city. It is proposed to make a boulevard of 
Fifteenth street, a straight and level thoroughfare, one hundred feet wide, 
to be paved with asphalt. If this scheme is consummated, together with 
other road improvements partly completed and in contemplation, we will 
have a splendid city and vicinity for wheeling and the sport and trade 
will receive a tremendous impetus in consequence. 



House Bill 215 Non Est. 
Indiana wheelmen breathe freely again, for they are assured that the 
obnoxious House bill 215, providing that cyclists should sacrifice their 
road rights or suffer fine, will never become a law. 

A Queer Request. 

Wonderful ideas find their way into the head of the enthusiastic 
cyclist, especially he who, with the conceit born of ignorance, imagines 
himself a worthy rival to an Osmond or a Zimmerman. Realize, if you 
can, the importance of the gentleman who wrote the following letter from 
a remote country village to a well known Coventry firm. "Would you 
think well to let me have one of your racers to experiment on? If I had 
the machine now I would have time to test her before the racing season, so 
as to get any alteration, if required, in time. The conditions I would ask 
are, to get the machine for a year free, and if, at the end of 12 months, 
I gain success on the path, so as to make your machine popular, to increase 
your trade, I am to get the machine as a present." This noble-minded 
individual then enumerates his requirements. Was ever such magna- 
nimity? — Cycling. 

Will Imitate Paul Revere. 
The Massachusetts Bicycle Club, Boston, will style its first run of the 
season the "Paul Revere Ride." It will be held on April ig. The clubmen 
propose to follow the exact route taken by Paul Revere in 1775, when that 
bold American roused up the country side to repel the invasion of the 
British. Upon reaching Lexington they will breakfast, and from that town 
to Concord will follow the route of the British soldiers, stopping to examine 
all historic spots, where lectures will be delivered by members detailed for 
that purpose. From Concord they follow the road to Cambridge Common, 
over which the red coats retreated. In the evening, at the club will be 
read papers relative to the Concord and Lexington battles, and the facts 
leading up to the beginning of the American revolution. It is the inten- 
tion of the club to visit Salem, Plymouth and other places of national 
historic fame. 




It Will Not Be Built Until the World's Fair Gates Are Closed. 



When the World's Fair is at an end there will be a general relapse — 
hardly a collapse — in Chicago business life. Prices of material are up and 
will go up further during the fair. When its gates are closed prices will 
go down. Lumber, brick and structural iron will be cheap and then that 
new home of the Chicago Cycling Club may be built. But not till then. 

Why? Because, with a great big B. The club possesses neither the 
money to build it with, the mystic key which would open the doors of 
wealth nor crow-bars enough to pry open the purses of a considerable 
number of members who were vociferously in favor of building the new 
home and, by their votes, caused partial action and expenditure, but who 
were "really too short of funds" to respond when the subscription list 
came around. 

The Chicago Cycling Club now has about |4, 000 invested in a desirable 
site, near its present home and convenient to the World's Fair grounds. 
This investment was made by its board of directors in good faith. They 
acted by authority of the members and had in view the fulfillment of 
promises made to a large number of non-resident members whose shekels 
were scooped in at Columbus, Ohio, and other places last year. If the 
new house could be completed in time to be occupied during the fair, upon 
the plans which have practically been accepted by the club, the members, 
resident and nou-resident, would roll in luxury. Fine billiard rooms, re- 
ception rooms, plunge baths, etc., were to have been almost completed by 
this time. That was the first roseate dream. It was somewhat dimmed 
a few months ago, when it became apparent that the club was in no finan- 
cial condition to fulfill its promises. Another plan was then promulgated. 
It was to build the skeleton of the new house, place in it a large number 
of cots, divide it into compartments with partitions and run it as a World's 
Fair hotel for the benefit of visiting wheelmen — and the club. 

But all that is past. All the enthusiasm, speech-making and plan 
inspecting; all the energy which the board of directors has put forth and 
the nagging and harassing it has been subjected to has resulted in — a $400 
appropriation for wainscoting and in other ways beautifying the present 
unbeautitul quarters, located within a short stone's throw of one of the 
World's Fair entrances. 



Century Road Club Election. 

Two hundred and forty-seven ballots were counted in the Century 
Road Club election, six ballots being rejected on account of improper 
marking. The result is: William A. Skinkle, Cleveland, president, 242 
votes; F. W. Gerould, Chicago, first vice president, 161; L. J. Berger, Chi- 
cago, second vice president, 123; Joe D. Guinea, Chicago, secretary, 137; 
W. C. Thorne, Chicago, treasurer, 108; Wm. Herrick, Chicago, chief cen- 
turion, 245; The Bearings, Chicago, official organ, 237. 

The balance of the vote was distributed as follows: vice president, 
Thos. F. Sheridan, 82; W. W. Watts, 66; T. L. Sloan, 30; secretary, B. F. 
White, no; treasurer, W.M.Brewster, 94; A. Kennedy-Child, 45; ofiicial 
organ. Referee, 2; Bi. World, 2. 



On Evanston Sidewalks. 
Mr. Ben W. Lord has purchased some knowledge on the subject of side 
walk-riding. Some time ago a justice of Evanston, fined him f 10 for 
cycling on the sidewalks of that classic suburb of Chicago. He appealed 
and lost — of course. 



Chicago's surface is a-melting. 

It is not impossible that, when the pipe-laying of the compressed air 
company is completed, pneumatics may be inflated at home o'momings_ 
without unsettling one's breakfast. 

Guy P. Wilson, formerly of Baltimore, now with Francis Wilson's 
theatrical company, will be in Chicago about a month. He is better 
known to many, no doubt, as "The Secretary," whose delicately written 
tales were so frequently read years ago. 

The much delayed home trainer tournament of the Cook County 
Wheelmen was finally run ofi" la.st Saturday evening and proved an inter- 
esting innovauon. There were five races on the programme, the one mak- 
ing the fastest time in each event winning. 

An Italian cycling club, to be known as the Columbus Club, is about 
to be formed by the sculptors at the World's p-air. There are twenty-five 
of these craftsmen in Chicago and Joseph Lombard! has banded them to- 
gether. He will be captain of the new organization which will open a club 
house at 63d street and Cottage Grove avenue and will hold a road race in 
the near future. 

When the small boy, on every conceivable kind of cycle, takes pos- 
session of the sidewalks, the riding season may be said to have opened. 
The juvenile army came forth last Saturday with a great rattle of bearings 
and tires. On Sunday a number of riders were seen on the rutty boule- 
vards. Great frozen ponds covered a large part of that unoccupied area 
included in the limits of Chicago, giving the landscape a decidedly wintry 
aspect, though the sun shone out brightly. 



A Timely Suggestion. 

To prevent mud or dust entering the bearings, take spirit lamp wick 
and make a "bracelet" of the necessary size; then put the bracelet at each 
joint of the wheels or of the crank bracket. This precaution also prevents 
the oil from dripping, if one has oiled the bearings too heavily.- 
des Sports. 



-Revue 



J. Osmond.— From " The Wheeler." 



A Buffalo club is very proud of the thousands of badges collected by 
one of its monomaniacs at tlie Washington meet. The badges decorate 
its walls. 



THE BEARINGS. 




FALLING DOWN A MUUNTAIN 



CYCLING I N CA LIFORNIA. 

Perhaps a word from one making a tour of Southern California awheel 
in January will be of novel interest to many in the East who are 
impatiently awaiting the return of fair weather and good roads. I have 
recently returned from a three week'souting, leaving Los Angeles January 
7, with William Noble, of this city. We were off on a trip combining 
business and pleasure, making all the towns of importance. I was much 
impressed with the striking contrast between the balmy atmosphere and 
semi-tropical surroundings here and the snow and zero weather east of the 
Rockies. Our first day's run was a most charming one; the sun shone 
bright and warm and the ride through valleys, over and around foothills, 
frequently passing orange groves laden with golden fruit, which we did 
not always pass by without sampling, was very pleasant. The whole 
country was clothed in Nature's green and budding with vegetation, while 
to our left and facing us the gigantic Sierra pine-clad and snow-capped 
mountains, thirty-five to sevency-five miles distant, were clearly outlined 
on a clear, blue sky. All this and much more made our first day s trip 
a most inspiring one. While at Riverside we were courteously shown 

over many of the fine roads by the 
wheelmen of that city, including a 
climb in the mountains near by, 
where we met with a hair breadth 
escape while making the descent, 
and it was only with great difficulty 
that the writer managed to obtain a 
negative while in this picturesque 
position. 

There are probably no finer roads 
in the world for cycling than those 
in and about Riverside, Los Angeles 
and San Diego excepted. They are 
hard, smooth and broad, being made 
of a decomposed granite. It is simply 
a wheeluian's paradise. After sp 'nd- 
ing four days in this locality we 
pushed on and up into the mountains 
through Box Springs Pass, having a 
stiff and very helpful breeze on our 
backs. This made the ascent an easy one and soon we were on the summit 
and table lands, with a gradual descent for fifteen or twenty miles over 
rolling granite hills to Perris, before us. The roads were made as smooth 
as a floor by the sweeping winds and the time we made oyer these roads 
would seem almost incredible to one who has not been in like circum- 
stances. 

In Perris, we were met by the wheelmen who treated us very nicely 
and after a stop of twenty minutes, they accompanied us about ten miles, 
leading us over the best roads toward Elsinore. We had stiff climbing for 
three or four miles among rocks, boulders and rolling hills covered with 
sage bush; then over descending rolling country, our trail winding its way 
among rocks and ravines — seldom seeing more than sixty yards ahead at 
one time. We were riding fast to make Elsinore — some twenty miles 
distant— before dark and over uncertain roads, but feeling our way along 
our darkened pathway with eyes strained to the foreground when we were 
gladdened by the welcome view of 
the lighted city in the basin of the 
mountains beneath us. Before reach- 
ing the place the writer had another 
narrow escape while descending a 
long grade. My companion was in 
the rear and we were running at a 
fearful pace when suddenly my ma- 
chine became entangled in a deep ||U J^ 
wheel track which I was unable to ^^ •* - 
see, and bounded and rebounded 
several times in the air, throwing me 
off the seat and pedals, leaving the 
roadway and chasing through a 
patch of sage bush. I held on this 
tim"; to the handle bars with a firm 
grip, keeping my equilibrium until 
the base of the hill was reached, 
where I dismounted properly and 
took an inventory, finding every- 
thing all right, to my great astonishment; and congratulating myself that 
I was able to wheel into town in as good trim as ever, we started off more 
cautiously. 

On the following morning we found ourselves in a delightful locality 
nestling among the mountains, with a charming lake within a stone's throw 
of the hotel. The wild ducks were plentiful and offered a strong tempta- 
tion to hold over and do some shooting, but after a luxurious plunge into 
the famous mineral bath, we continued our journey over the best of roads. 
We stopped at Murietta for lunch and rolled on to Temecula where we 
stopped a few moments and pushed on through the canon, having some 
steep climbs over stand-on-end country. Reaching the summit, we rolled 
over and through mesas and valleys, dotted with live oak and shrubs of 
various kinds; the roads were hard and smooth and the pace we set on 
some of these long descents into Fall Brook, was exciting in the extreme. 
While here we strapped guns to our wheels and went out among the 
hills for mountain sheep and lions. When we reached the spot where the 
signs were, we stacked wheels and began skirmishing. My companion 
used a bicycle squawker, which resembled the yelp of a pack of hounds, 
while I stood on a rocky precipice ready to drop the frightened game 
when it started into the openings below me. Our method proved a 
successful one; we brought down nine in about an hour and a half. 
The last and larger one, when fired upon, jumped high into the air and 
was found in a limp condition some fifty yards from where it was shot. 





BOX SPRINGS PASS. 




NEAR SAN 




ON THE SEA SHORE. 



The game being strapped to our 
wheels we proceeded back to town. 
A bright lad remarked, as we wheeled 
up to the hotel; "Look, pa, at the 
game on those bicycles, I wonder if 
they ran it down with their wheels." 
We had a game breakfast the following 
morning and the best of the sheep 
killed was mounted and is now an 
ornamental souvenir in my home. 
From Fall Brook we had excellent 
wheeling and fine scenery , passing over 
a succession of granite hills, over 
oak-dotted ravines and mesas to the 
San Luis Rey river, where we climbed 
down several hundred feet to the 
river bottom, forded the river, which 
could not be ridden, as was demon- 
strated by my companion, who was compelled to jump off into the water 
and wade half the distance. The stream is of considerable width, very 
swift and shallow with a quick sand bottom. The balance of the ride to 
Escondido and San Diego was fine, the hills being covered with a small 
growth of shrubs and cactus, while many were barren or adorned with 
huge boulders of every size and shape. The Poway grade proved the 
heaviest climb on the entire trip. We had to walk and push our wheels 
most of the way. After reaching the summit we had a delightful run 
with a gradual descent to the sea, reaching ,San Diego at dusk. 

The question has many times been asked: Is cycling healthy? I wish 

to say for myself that during my 
riding in Southern California this 
winter, covering over two thousand 
miles, I have not enjoyed as good 
health for fifteen years, and am 
indebted to cycling for the enjoy- 
ment of good health and endur- 
ance such as I have never experi- 
enced before. In San Diego we 
were met and royally entertained by 
the cycling club of that city and 
during our three day's stay took in 
much of the beautiful surrounding 
country, including a run over to 
i - I aV Coronado Beach and Hotel Del 

7 1 / ■■«. -^^ j,^ «L" Coronado. Turning our faces home- 

ward we were accompanied by some 
of the crack riders for about ten miles 
over mesa lands at a scorcher's pace, 
rounding in by Old Town and Old 
Palms, where we were left with instructions to take the left hand roads. 
Sage bush as high as our heads lined our narrow roadway for miles over 
mesa table lands and we soon came to a precipitous bluff. We followed 
our rugged roadway down a few hundred feet amid rich red and gray sand- 
stone formations, with green shrubs growing from every crevice. As we 
ascended we reached a height where we found ourselves for the first time 
V. heeling through the clouds, with a charming view of old ocean, hundreds 
of feet below, appearing through openings in the clouds of vapor as we 
rolled along over sage covered mountains. It was a queer experience and 
added a new charm to cycling. 

By some mistake, which proved to be our good fortune, we selected a 
road that came to an abrupt end, landing us in a canon near the sea. We 
climbed over a mountain of ocean-tossed stones and pebbles, reaching the 
broad, smooth and hard surface of the beach. The tide was low and we 
chanced making Oceanside before the tide or darkness came upon us. 
This was another fine experience. As far as eye could .see high bluffs ov r- 
looked the ocean on our right and the deep blue sea and pounding surf were 
on our left. Occasionally we were 
forced to change our course to keep 
our wheels from being caught in the 
briny waters forced ashore by the 
breakers. The smooth, sloping 
beach passed so rapidly beneath us 
that at times it seemed as though the 
earth was spinning around me and 
that I was wheeling through space, 
the wheel doing all the work. 
About 4 o'clock we dismounted near 
a rocky shoal and enjoyed an ocean 
bath in January, which must be 
realized to be appreciated. The 
sun had dropped below the horizon 
and the moon shone brightly over 
head, as we spied the lights of our 
hotel on a distant bluff. Our wheels 
almost turned themselves as we 
glided o'er the smooth surface and 
we were soon climbing the high embankment at Carlsbad, supposing it to 
be our destination, which we found to be three more miles on. We remained 
here for the night, however, having excellent accommodations. 

Our next day's ride to Oceanside and Ysidora was over good roads with 
some hills to climb, which were mostly ridden without dismounting. At 
Los Flores we took to |the beach again, running to San Juan-by the-Sea 
where we went inland for Capistrano, a very old settlement in one of the 
most beautiful spots in California. We had been housed but a short time 
when it commenced to rain and it continued to pour all night. We were 
only sixty miles from home, but were afraid we would be obliged to run in 
by train. On the following day the sun came out brightly, the roads were 
sticky and in places covered with water, but we determined to reach home 
awheel and took to the railroad tracks to El Toro, a distance of twelve 
miles, giving the right of way to all passenger and freight trains. Our 
previous experience in riding ties and trestles enabled us to make good 




POKDING SAN LUIS REY. 



THE BEARINGS. 



time, and by noon the roads on the high granite lands were in good con- 
dition, but it looked like rain. Heavy clouds were hovering about us, but 
Santa Anna had to be made before dark. The roads were very good until 
we came to the bottom lands, where the roads were terrible and the gentle 
rain added a new charm which was hard to appreciate, for we were fast in 
adobe mud, the wheels carrying four times their weight and it was with 
extreme difficulty that we pushed through it a distance of several miles. 
The last four miles of the road had a hard bottom, but the rain made the 
riding sticky and slippery, the wheels often revolving without making any 
progress, and at times wabbling about from one side to the other as though 
they were coming to pieces. We reached Santa Anna at 5 p. m. where 
the hose was turned on us and we spent the evening cleaning up and dry- 
ing our clothing. 

The next morning at 9 o'clock we were in good trim to run in to Los 
Angeles. The sun was shining and the roads were in fair condition most 
of the thirty-five miles. We had a repetition of the previous day's experi- 
ence several times, before reaching the city, finally resorting to the grassy 
hill sides, riding far out of our way, which was preferable to bad roads. 
While riding two perpendicular hills, we covered them easily by tacking. 



Pneumatic tires are the only kind fit for touring; the solid or cushion tire 
wouldn't have been in it. I say this only for the benefit of the fellow who 
has not yet experienced the luxuries of riding a pneumatic tired wheel. 
Our trip came to an end as we rolled into the city about 5 p. m. Saturday. 
Our machines were none the worse for wear, and as for ourselves we had 
taken on several pounds in weight, never felt better, and we are ready for 
another tour awheel whenever practicable. 

Auburn, Ind., Feb. 13. R. w. Cobb. 



A Difficult Feat. 
Riding a wheel rapidly around a small stage while supporting with the 
jaws a heavy bamboo pole, set upright and having a man's form wrapped 
about it, is a feat performed by the elder Pardo. This trick rider has been 
in the business 24 years, has traveled extensively and is now in Chicago 
with his interesting family of five acrobatic cyclists. 

The Coming Season. 
Soon Wobbles will get his green converted friend to buy a wheel. 
Shortly after the g. c. f. will rave over the delights of cycling; he will 
"feel like a light-hearted bird," etc. Shortly after that stage he may have 
occasion to endure those " ups and downs ol cycling life" we all know 
about. Hardihood, the use of words guaranteed to relieve strong provo- 
cation, and all the other little incidentals to wheeling will be learned and 
so another true wheelman will be made. 



A BIT OF THE "FANCY." 



The group of fancy attitudes portrayed on this page has been made up 
of stray photographs. James Ordway is the young man in the 
center, sitting astride the handle bars of his Victor. He is employed in 
the Overman Company's San Francisco estalilisbment and so facile is he 
at cycle tricks that the veteran Dan Canary is reported to have said to him: 
"I take off my hat to you." 

The gartered individual who lies atop of the G. O. O., down in the 
corner, isW. S. Maltby. 

William C. Hoeffier is shown standing on the pedals of his unicycle 
and riding inside the rim of a high wheel, while retaining his position by 
body-pressure and by hanging onto four spokes. Mr. Hoeffier, who per- 
formed at the Philadelphia Show, was born in Geneva, N. Y., in 1872. He 
was not a strong child but after ten years at the "business" his small body 
is remarkably sturdy. Barnum took him to London in '89. 



Awkward Use of an Ax By An Amateur Comedian. 

The Sparta Bicycle Club gave an entertainment at Harrison's hall in 
that place last night that had a feature of realism that throws in the shade 
any steamboat explosion, railroad train or saw-mill scene ever witnessed 
behind the footlights, says the Grand Rapids Press. The entertainment 
was in the nature of a negro farce comedy and was highly exciting. The 
lines did not call for a climax, but one was introduced when Otis E. 
Boorom came tripping on the stage. He bad concealed in the seat of his 
pants a block of wood, and Sid Croniger, the other comedian, was to seize 
an ax and stick it into the block. It appears that the part had not been 
rehearsed sufficiently, as Sid missed the block and sank the ax into the 
fleshy part of Boorom 's hip. The yell that Boorom emitted was not a reg- 
ulation stage yell; it was a yell with whiskers on it, and it caused the large 
audience to stampede for the doors, Boorom was assisted te his home and 
a doctor summoned, who sewed up the very bad gash, and advised him to 
stand up while eating his meals for a week or two. 



Tax Umbrellas and Tall Hats. 

The Wheeler says, concerning the French tax on cycles ($2 per 
machine, by the way, not 50 cents), that Dr. Michou, who often goes to the 
house on his tricycle, kept the house much amused by the manner in which 
he championed the bicycle and the tricycle, relating that at his home in 
the country he had, through their means, been able to visit a number of his 
patients gratuitously, as he was not put to the expense of a carriage. He 
suggested that the velocipedes should not be molested, and that a tax 
should be imposed instead on umbrellas and tall hats. 




THB BEARINGS. 





CLAIMS 



WE BASE OUR CLAIMS FOR THE SUPERIORITY OF COLUMBIA 
BICYCLES ON THE NATURAL RESULT OF FIFTEEN YEARS OF 

Study, Investment and Experience 



OUR WITNESSES-COLUMBIA RIDERS. 

Orange, I^. J., Feb. 16. 1893. 

Gentlemen: — My first mount was one of your hard tire safeties, which, in my second year, I 
exchanged for a Century Columbia, upon which I rode down Pilie's Peak last summer, making a descent 
of 8,000 feet in 24 miles of back pedaling. I am astonished at the extreme rough usage which my 
Century Columbia passed through in the Rockies unharmed. 

I delayed my purchase of the new Columbia Model 30 until this year, but having made about 100 
miles upon it among the hills around Orange. N. J., I am delighted with its performance. 

I climb hills with the 70-inch elliptical gear with greater ease at same speed (or at greater speed 
with more ease) than with my old round sprocket of 56-inch gear. 

Even when the chain is too slack I feel as little lost motion (back lash) as with the round sprocket 
wheel. 

I have no fault to report in the machine. My riding weight is 177 pounds. 

Yours very truly, Wilson S. Howell. 

Syracuse, N. Y., Feb. 6, 1893. 
Dear Sirs: — I s^hould like to add my little testimony ' to the long list you already have,' of the 
value of your wheels. In June. 1889, I purchased one of j-our wheels. No. 2,456, and have uped it ever 
since up to la*t spring with the original solid tire, when I had a pneumatic tire put on and the wheel is 
yet in good condition, and I think will last me through 1893. The wheel is in use every day, winter and 
summer, when weather and the roads permit. Yours, 

H. J. Stevens. 

102 N. Clinton Ave., Trenton, N. J., Feb. 6, 1893. 
Dear Sirs: — It gives me great pleasure to testifj- to the fine qualities of the Columbia machines, 
which I have ridden for the past three years and which I intend to continue riding. During the past 
year I have ridden nearly 3,000 miles on one of your Century Columbias, and can say that I am 
thor. ughly satisfied with it in every way. It has carried me over the sand so noted in this section of the 
State, and over the mountains in the Northern part of the State, without an accident that can be pre- 
vented by any maker. I have peen tbe new Columbia and it is my intention to spend many pleasant 
hours this summer on a Model 32, not be -ause my Model 29 has given out in any way, but to be abreast 
of the times. Please accept these unsolicited words from a Columbia rider and friend. 

Yours truly, H. W. Ott. 

Chicago, Feb. 11, 1893. 
Dear Sirs: — I cannot refrain from adding my testimony to the value of the Columbia " Cen- 
tury." From last June until January I did a great deal of rough riding, both in city and country, on all 
kinds of roads, including those covered with stones, with mud and with ice, and my wheel is now as good 
as when taken from your store. There is no sign of wear in any of the bearing parts, and even the enamel is 
in fine condition. As to the tires, tbey have never been deflated of their own motion, and are apparently 
as good as ever. There can be nothing better than the best, and after careful observation and study of 
every important wheel, I firmlj^ believe that the " Columbia ' is the best. To me it is none the worse for 
being the product of American skill. Yours very truly, 

Lyman H. Glover. 



POPE MFG. 00. 



BOSTON. 



NEW YORK. 



CHIOAGO. 



HARTFORD. 





MIXTION The Bearings. 



THE BEARINOS. 




A HIGH OPINION. 
John K. Allen, editor and proprietor of Domestic Engineering, and 
secretary of the Chicago Publishers' Association, writes: "I have examined 
The Bearings very carefully and think you have a most excellent and well 
arranged periodical. ' ' 

JOBBING TR ADE TIGHTENING. 

It cannot be authoritatively stated at this writing just how many 
cycle salesmen there are in every city and town in the East, anxiously 
eager for husiness, but the following short paragraphs will outline the con- 
dition of affairs in the West. 

Mr. Shockley, just returned from Kansas City, says that while there he 
had the company of about a dozen traveling men, nearly all of whom w°re 
seriously worried by the small sales they were making. In Kansas City 
and other places they found agents either provided for or perplexed by the 
variety of new products and discounts and consequently unwilling to act. 
"One tiaveler," said Mr. Shockley, "happened to be a prominent member 
of a big Boston firm. He condoled with the boys and accounted lor his 
own success by the fact that he was a member of the firm and not a salaried 
subordinate. We learned afterward that his success was not in cycle sales 
but on sporting goods." 

Arthur E. Lumsden, of the Indiana Bicycle Co., came in from a two 
weeks' tour and said: "I found from three to five salesmen in almost 
every town I visited in Michigan and Illinois. There was a veritable 
crush, and many of them were blue enough to be used as indigo signs. 
My view of the jobbing trade is that unless the competition lessens prices 
must come down." 

W. M. Perrett reports that, in a trip westward, he found competitors 
in almost every town he visited in New York state, and that in a western 
town he ran across five fellow-salesmen. 

Mr. James Josephi, returning from a three months' trip through Penn- 
sylvania, New York and Ohio for the Ames & Frost Company, reports a 
good but not fine trade. "I frequently ran across salesmen," he said, "who 
had not done well. I found that the retailers were much more fully 
equipped than in March of last year. L,arge discounts, I think, are largely 
responsible for this. Frequently, upon calling upon smal' dealers, I was 
greeted somewhat like this: 'Imperial, eh? M' yes, good wheel, I sup- 
pose. State your discounts and I will tell you whether to bring your 
sample from the hotel or not.' " 

A prominent old-timer in the jobbing trade has been quoted as saying: 
" It seems to be th fashion now for people to become cycle jobbers to the 
tune of about |i8,ooo and then drop out." 

A manufacturer who has been on the road himself is quoted: "It is 
easy for me to realize the situation, but if salesmen of mine had been over 
the route I have traversed and had sent home no more business than I 
have I should certainly have called them in." 

"I have done the best I can; angels could do no more," declares a good 
salesman. 

One of the obstacles encountered by salesmen in the West has been 
the fact that early birds have gone before and closed deals at startling dis- 
counts. 

A plea to manufacturers, in behalf of those salesmen who may not 
have turned in the volume of business anticipated: there is a book entitled, 
"Put yourself in his place," which has been read with profit by some great 
captains of industry — men who govern other men in the armies of com- 
merce and grow wealthy according to their abilities in making producers 
of their subordinates. Cycle manufacturers might do worse than read that 
book. Nag the cow and she produces little milk. 

The Carrier Was Cute. 
Fred T. Merrill, the Portland, Ore., dealer, started a voting contest for 
the most popular mail carrier in Portland, and offered a bicycle as first 
prize. The race for the wheel became exciting and Mr. Merrill was getting 
considerable advertising out of his scheme when it suddenly fell through. 
One enterprising carrier purchased $25 worth of the paper containing the 
ballot and had a friend cast the 5,000 votes for him. When the secret 
came out the contest was declared ofi". The carrier is now wondering how 
he can get his $25 back. 



GARFORD VERS US B RETZ & CURTIS. 

Philadelphia, March 7. — Argument upon the application of the Garford 
Mfg. Co. for a preliminary injunction against the Bretz & Curtis Co., on 
the ground that the former company's patent on the use of a coil spring 
under the saddle pommel is infringed, has been continued until next week. 

It should be understood that the granting or refusal of a preliminary 
injunction does not always have important significance with regard to the 
merits of further action; in fact it is no longer an easy matter to obtain 
preliminary enjoinment even when the case is a good one. Before this 
motion was made The Bearings understood that the Garford Mfg. Co. 
were prepared to fight the matter vigorously through the courts, in the be- 
lief that they have a sJ;rong case. 

Late replies to inquiries sent to other saddle makers seem to show 
that the action of the Garford Company is directed solely against the 
Bretz & Curtis Co. Messrs. J. A. Hunt & Co., do not reply. The Ken- 
wood Mfg. Co., Chicago, state that their front spring and clamp is original. 
The Persons & Muller Mfg. Co., New York, dropped their Scorcher saddle 
some time ago because the Garford people claimed infringement. The 
Pope Mfg. Co., the Vincent Mfg. Co. and the Metal Turning Co. state that 
they have not yet been honored with the solicitous attention of the Gar- 
ford Company. 



"SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN" ON THE ELLIPTIC. 

Edward J. Prindle, of Torrington, Ct., wrote to Scientific American 
on February 13 as follows: 

"Will someone who is conversant with the advantages claimed for the 
elliptical sprocket wheel in bicycles, of which so much is said of late, 
kindly oblige a reader of the Scientific American by explaining in detail 
just what those advantages are? Some claim an advantage of 10 per cent, 
in power, but fail to give the philosophy on which this claim is based." 

In the issue of March 4 the editor replied: 

"The only advantage we can see is in the increase of power that may 
be put on the crank by the weight of the rider in its horizontal position, 
at which moment an extension of the diameter of the sprocket driver is 
made by the vertical position of its longest elliptic axis — increasing as it 
does from its horizontal position to the vertical, and decreasing to the 
horizontal, twice during a revolution. There is no absolute mechanical 
gain during an entire revolution of the elliptic drivers, by virtue of their 
ellipticity, but the advantage lies in the facility of economizing the value 
of the foot tread at the best points in the revolution of the sprocket ellipse 
by enlarging its radius at the moment of greatest foot pressure." 



Mr. Douglas' Retort. 

Editor The Bearings: The elliptical sprocket article in The Bear- 
ings of March 3 by the non-mathematical cycle builder, who attempts to 
answer the article of February 17, not only fails to produce an argument in 
its favor, but casts a sad reflection on builders and riders of cycles by call- 
ing them non-mathematicians. We are not prepared to believe the above, 
any more than the statements of results which are contrary to philosophy, 
mathematics, and good judgment. We find people occasionally who do 
not understand that the distance a body is moved in a given time enters 
into the calculation of power as much as the weight, or pressure applied. 

New York, March 5. Frank Dougi,as. 



Assignee Gets Kirkwood, Miller & Co. Wheels. 
The $8,000 worth of bicycles shipped by Bornick & Co., Coventry, 
England, to Kirkwood, Miller & Co., Peoria, and held in bond since the 
failure, have been turned over to the assignee, I. C. Edwards, by order of 
Judge Wead. The English firm tried to stop the wheels in transit. 




A "Stearns" Traveler. 

Mr. Harry Ragan Schell had the 
goodness to be born at Clear Lake, Iowa, 
but for ten years he has resided in Syra- 
cuse, N. Y., and his smile shows that his 
residence has agreed with him. For five 
years he was an officer of the Syracuse 
Cycling Club. Upon its consolidation 
with the Syracuse Athletic Clnb, he be- 
came captain of the cycling division, and 
the experience he gained "on the road" 
served him well — for he is now on the 
road for E. C. Stearns & Co. His atamp- 
ing ground, Illinois, Iowa and Wisconsin. 



H. R. FCHELL. 



Seddons' Tire Shares Decline. 

Seddon's tire shares, which had ad- 
vanced to $13 1-4 in Dublin, took a sudden 
fall on February 13, to 3 3-4. The sale of the American rights of the tire 
and the booniing given the company by the press had caused the shares to 
gou]i]'kea locket. One Dublin broker was reported to have purchased 
$75. » ' woi'.h. This ran the shares from about 3 to 4 1-2. Then the 
Ameiicau deal was announced and shares went still higher. Orders 
pou .-d in to buy at any price and the people went mad over them and the 
higher they went the more they wanted them. When 13 1-4 was reached 
the buying stopped suddenly, and a big drop followed. A number of 
people who had bought at 10, 11, 12 and 13 had no money to pay for their 
shares and had to sell them. This further depressed the market and the 
price went down to three and a fraction, though it afterwards recovered to 
4 3-4. So far as known, this drop is due purely to speculative causes, and 
does not indicate a depression in the real value of the company's property. 



THE BEARINGS. 



a!iwmwwm w ????ww?www???w?ig 



In the great five mile straight-away road race at Denver, Feb- 
ruary 22d, there were forty entries, representing all principal makes of 
road bicycles. There were three prizes, and also a prize for best time. 

Victor Bicycles took first, second and third prize, also fastest 
time was made on a Victor. 

Bicycle riders will note that these were Victor road bicycles, 
ridden by road riders on the ordinary road. 

Bicycle riders will do well to compare these facts with the ad- 
vertisements of makers who hire professional racing men to claim that 
they are amateur riders, and get bicycle records. 

On specially built racing bicycles; 

Over Special racing tracks; 

V^^ith pacemakers ; 

And all helpful conditions to make time for the express purpose 
of giving the bicycle maker Sfjmething to advertise when he is short 
of real improvements in his bicycles. 

If you want to buy a bicycle to ride on the road buy a Victor. 

They are made for that sort of thing. 

If you want to ride an advertisement, or to ride a bicycle 
record, it won't cost you much to try it on. 

There is a great difference between bicycles with real improve- 
ments and bicycles held up by nothing but wind and advertising. 

Bicycle records come high, but high grade bicycles come higher. 



OVERMAN WHEEL CO. 



BOSTON. WASHINGTON. DENVER. SAN FRANCISCO 



r^uiuuiuiuuiiuiuuuiiuauiiuuiuiu; 



^tl>'"oti The Qearinc,' 



THE BEARINGS 



WATCHIN G TH E TARIFF. 

The Coventry Machinists' Company Much Interested in the New Govern- 
ment's Attitude. — Country rders Coming in — Picked up on Cycle Row. 

Mr. A. J. Marrett, manager of the Chicago branch of the Coventry 
Machinists' Co., when asked concerning his company's intentions in 
regard to its future American trade, said: "We have no present intention 
of again considering the subject of an American factory. I understand 
that the press of Richmond, Ind., has aired the possibility of again inter- 
esting us in negotiations at that point, but there was nothing to base the 
report upon and we are not negotiating with other towns. Our future 
movements in the matter will depend upon the policy of the new govern- 
ment regarding the tariflF. Cycles are at present classed vnth all other 
manufactured metal products. Those products and wool have always 
been 'protected' most and I believe that if the new administration makes 
any reduction in tariff at all it will include them. If so, we surely will not 
have an American factory. Of course, American cycle builders mpy make 
a combined effort to have cycles independently classified under a high 
rate, but I doubt it and think they would not succeed if they should try. 
Cycles might be classed as carriages, but that may rot be done for the 
reason that the materials differ and because the rate on carriages is low." 

Speaking of trade prospects, Mr. i\Jarrett said: "Like others on the 
Row, we are not rushed by any means yet. Country orders are beginning 
to come in, however. We have some fine cushions which we would like 
to dispose of." 

Chicago Dealers' Doings. 

The first regular meeting of the Cycle Board of Trade of Chicago, 
since it became an incorporated organization was held last Saturday at 
the Wellington. The dealers who were absent either sent proxies or 
representatives. By-laws were adopted and the meeting adjourned to 
meet Wednesday night. 

On Wednesday night, meeting at the Saratoga, fourteen prominent 
dealers gathered around a fine dinner and afterward completed the organi- 
zation of the Cycle Board of Trade and elected F. W. Gerould, C. F. Stokes, 
R. D. Garden, F. L. Douglas, J. O. Blake, A. A. Taylor and A. J. Marrett as 
directors for one year. They also started a bureau for the recovery of 
wheels stolen from members of the association. This is as yet incom- 
plete, but will be of great benefit to the dealers. The dealers are also 
discussing a project for protection against various swindles and will insti- 
tute a system of inquiries and reports about doubtful persons. The plans 
of the association are constantly broadening and are now tending towards 
promoting sociability between its members. The time for the next meet- 
ing is undecided. 

The dealers in the association at present are: The Coventry Machin- 
ists' Co., Century Cycle Mfg. Co., Stover Bicycle Mfg. Co., Montgomery 
Ward & Co., Ariel, Cycle Mfg. Co., Marble Cycle Mfg. Co., Taylor Cycle 
Co., Thorsen & Cassady Co., Gormully & Jeffery Mfg. Co., A. G. Spald- 
ing & Bros., Thos. Kane & Co., and Chas. H. Sieg Co. 

The ofiicers are: C. F. Stokes, president; R. D. Garden, vice presi- 
dent; J. O. Blake, treasurer; F. L,. Douglas, secretary. 

Called it the "Physic." 
W. A. Shockley returned to Chicago last week after a trip through the 
far West for Rouse, Hazard & Co. He speaks enthusiastically of a ride 
he took from Colorado Springs to Manitou, through the Garden of the 
Gods, describing the scenery and climate as wonderful. The growth of 
cycling in Colorado, particularly in Denver, is very encouraging and the 
riders are up-to-date. At one point, however, Mr. Shockley found a 
Psycho which the owner referred to as the "Physic." 

Placed Many Agencies. 

L. W. Conkling, of the Coventry Machinists' Co., returned from his 
western trip last week. He did a large business, he says, and placed Swift 
agencies with John W. Knight, Racine, Wis.; Columbia Carriage Co., Mil- 
waukee; Northwestern Hardware Co., St. Paul; Snyder & Straub, Fari- 
bault, Minn.; Hutchinson & Phillips, Sioux City; S. M. Williamson & Co., 
Council Bluffs; E. R. Guthrie, Lincoln; Frank Birmingham, Des Moines; 
H. Burk & Son, Davenport; G. B, Grosvenor, Dubuque. Mr. Conkling 
left last Tuesday for Indianapolis. He will also visit Fort Wayne, Detroit, 
Columbus, Cincinnati, Louisville and points in Louisiana, Texas and the 
far West. 

"All of my agencies were well placed," said the Swift man. "Everyone 
of them is quoted at from $3,000 to f 10,000. The West is overcrowded 
with cycle salesmen at present, who in some places number more than the 
riding population of the town. In Kansas City last week there were twelve 
traveling representatives of prominent bicycle makers stopping at the 
Coates house at one time. It is needless to say that they did not do a very 
rushing business." 

Will Exhibit a Rudge Triplet. 
The F. L. Douglas Cycle Co. spent considerable money in fixing up 
their large show window and are now confident that the window is as 
attractive as any on the Row. Kenwoods, Rudges and Majesties show off 
well. Mr. Douglas is expecting a Rudge triplet which, he thinks, ought 
to be a good drawing card. W. A. Shockley, of Rouse, Hazard & Co., will 
make this place his headquarters while in Chicago. 

Trade Affected by the Weather. 
Tuesday, Wednesday and part of Thursday of last week were pleasant, 
warm days and drew out the riders. Trade immediately picked up and 
Cycle Row put on an appearance of activity. A cold snap came on last 
Friday and what a change it made ! All of the riders who had braved the 
jeers and jibes of the small boy, put up their wheels. "It is strange," 
mused one salesman, at he watched the mid-day crowd sweep by the door. 
"As soon as it became warm last week the store was crowded at noon 



time by intending purchasers and riders who came after their '93 wheels. 
Business was brisk, but when Friday dawned the multitude disappeared as 
if by magic and trade has since been dull. Oh, for warm weather !" 

Light Arrows. 
The Arrow racer in the window of the Century Cycle Mfg. Co. does 
not weigh 19 pounds, as stated not long ago. R. W. Slusser weighed it last 
Saturday and it lipped the scales at exactly 18 1-4 pounds. The tires on 
the wheels weigh exactly 24 ounces. Munger announces that he will turn 
o>U an Arrow weighing eighteen or under in a short time. 

From all Parts of the World. 
The Stokes Mfg. Co. shipped eight Sterlings to Guadalajara, »Mexico, 
this week. They are now negotiating with a firm in Chili to handle the 
Union and Slerling. From an Oregon town the other day were received 
five orders by the same mail. 

A Chance for a Good Chicago Agency. 
Montgomery Ward & Co. (formerly the Humber-Rover Cycle Co.) of 
Chicago are understood to be willing to take territory for a high grade 
American wheel. Firms seeking representation here may find it profitable 
to correspond with Horace Bell, agent, 289 Wabash avenue. 

Smaller Pick-ups. 
Hurabersare selling well, says Horace Bell. 
A. Kennedy-Child and Harry Palmer are in town. 
C. F. Smith, president of the Indiana Bicycle Co., is in town. 
James Levy is selling Lyndhursts and Phantoms for the Henry Sears Co. 
In nine races did Humbers cross the tape first at the Savannah races. 

James Josephi, Ames & Frost's traveler, returned from an eastern trip 
Tuesday. 

H. W. Hughes is on the road in Ohio and Indiana for the Quadrant 
Cycle Co. 

C. H. Sieg says that large orders for Perfection repair kits have been 
received. 

Otto Merpall starts on a trip through Michigan tomorrow for the 
Taylor Cycle Co. 

President Stover, of the Stover Bicycle Mfg. Co., Freeport, 111., beamed 
on the crowd at the Rag Shop yesterday. 

Clementi & Barr are making neat bicycle suits that are sure to "catch 
on" in Chicago. Their ofiice is at 273 Wabash avenue. 

M. J. Budlong, formerly Columbia agent at Rockford, 111., has 
entered the employ of the Pope Mfg. Co. as salesman in the Chicago 
branch. 

Pritchard Stewart, advertising manager of Hibbard, Spencer, Bartlett 
& Co., sails tomorrow for a two month's European pleasure tour. Mr. 
F. F. Austin acts in his absence. 

W. R. Walpole is satisfied with Imperial business. Mr. Walpole rode 
one century last year and secured a bar. That he might not be tempted to 
ride another he filed oS"the hooks on his solitary bar. 

The Stokes Mfg. Co. report that they have sold more sundries thus far 
in '93 than they sold all last year, Mr. Stokes was heard to say at the 
Philadelphia Show that he was going to sell sundries to everybody this 
season and he is apparently doing so. 

The James Cycle Importing Co., Chicago, take particular delight in 
supplying light wheels exclusively. They say you cannot buy a James 
weighing over 30 pounds, mudguards brake and all on. Their road racer 
weighs 25, 26, or 27 pounds according to the saddle used, and is fitted with 
regular road tires. Harry James builds one grade of machines exclusively, 
and only on special orders. A wheel is never begun in his shop till the 
order is on his books and a deposit placed against it. The company had 
to place their srders last September in order to get even a limited number 
for '93. 

The Hart Cycle Co. have adopted a novel idea in the social line. 
They are holding Thursday evening receptions at their West Philadelphia 
riding school, 40th & Elm avenues. These receptions are entirely informal 
and are very enjoyable. Music is furnished for dancing and wheels for 
any who wish to ride. 

The Steams Catalogue. 
When E. C. Stearns & Co., Syracuse, in forwarding their catalogue, 
announced that they had spent quite a little sum in getting it up The 
Bearings was prepared to see something fine, but when the magnificent 
creation of the printers' art appeared it was treated to an agreeable sur- 
prise. If a vote was taken to decide upon the handsomest catalogue of the 
year the Stearns would be sure to capture one of the first prizes. A beauti- 
ful embossed cover, halftone illustrations of the factory, city and country 
scenes and descriptions of the wheels are the main features of the book. 
The Stearns racer and models A, B and C are too well known to need a 
description. The pedal pin and craiik are made in one continuous piece. 
This does away with the annoyance of nuts working loose and minimizes 
the liability of breakage of the pedal pins. 



Free Training Quarters. 

Mr. James C. Taylor Mrill have charge of the McCune Cycle Company'* 
Boston establishment. This unique institution was recently mentioned. 
It is to be equipped with a reading room containing the world's cycling 
literature and the arrangements for free physical development are to be 
very scientific, including massage rooms, lockers, gymnasium and training 
tracks for summer and winter; an experienced trainer being in charge. 




THE BEARINGS. 



■'rank Shaft Adjusting Cone. 




iSectional View of Crank Shaft Adjusting Cone and 
Dust Cap. 

Showing how Cones on " The Fowler," are pressed into the 
Dust Cap after being properly hardened. No variaiion of tem- 
per here (patent applied for.) Note the Ions adjasting thread 
side, wobbling is inipussihle. 




Front Wheel Cone. 



AN IMPORTANT POINT 



ABOUT A GOOD 
BICYCLE IS ITS 



BEARINGS 



THE FOWLER 



a 



NEVER WEAR OOT 



99 



BEARINGS 



ARE MADE FROM 

TOOL STEEL HARDENED AND GROUND. 



EVERY CONE AND CUP ON 

THE FOWLER IS MADE AS PER CUTS. 



TTAVE YOU EVER LOOKED THE FOWLER OVER? IT 
STANDS THE MOST CRITICAL INVESTiaATION AND 
INSPECTION— THE BETTER A MECHANIC YOU ARE THE 
BETTER YOU WILL BE PLEASED WITH IT. 



WRITE US AND WE WILL, SEND YOU A CATALOGUE 
THAT THERE IS SOME INFORMATION IN— YOU KNOW 
SOME ONE GETS A FOWLER FREE ON THE 31st OF 
MARCH— ALL CATALOGUES NUMBERED— YOURS MAY 
BE THE WINNER. 






HILL CYCLE MFG CO 

142-144=146 W WASHINGTON ST 
CHICAGO. 



MENTION THE BEARINGS 



THE BEARINGS. 



INDIANA AND MICHIGAN TRADE. 



COMBINED AXLE AND CRANKS. 



Detroit, Mich., February 27. — Trade has been good. The cycle agents 
are numerous, there being about six traveling salesmen to one customer. 
The woods swarm with them, good, bad and indifferent, and of course it is 
again a case of "the survival of the fittest." 

INDIANA. 

Auburn. — The Auburn Cycle Co. handle Victors and Columbias and 
anticipate quite a trade for this year and are making active preparations 
for business. 

Columbia City. — ^J. R. Harrison has taken the agency for the^Victor 
for 1893. 

Fort Wayne. — Fort Wayne is preparing for a siege by the bicycle 
dealers, who say that they ^re going to sell a great many more wheels than 
ever before. The A. B. White Cycle Co. have recently made changes in 
their store and are now receiving the congratulations of their friends and 
showing their full line of samples for 1893. They recently placed the largest 
order for wheels ever given in Fort Wayne. 

MICHIGAN. 

Detroit. — Huber & Metzger are at the old stand, and as soon as Mr. 
Metzger returns from Philadelphia the firm will be willing to take orders 
for Columbias. Their store, recently changed and adorned with new 
paint, etc., is as neat as can be. George Hilsendegen reports a large sale 
of wheels already and expects to outdo all previous years. W. C. Rands is 
now on the road for Hilsendegen in Michigan. 

The Detroit Cycle Co., with their McCunes and Ramblers, are think- 
ing of large profits resulting from sales in '93. Their Mr. Gute has just 
returned from a trip through Michigan, Wisconsin and Indiana, and 
although homesick is pleased with the results of the trip. 

The Overman Wheel Co. have recently opened a branch in Detroit at 
262 Woodward avenue and have a model store. "Luggage Carrier" Smith 
is their salesman and J. W.Weston, formerly of the Springfield, Mass., 
branch, is the manager. At present Mr. Weston is taking a trip through 
Michigan and A. O. McGarrett, traveling man for the O. W. Co., is at the 
store to help Smith catch orders for wheels. They report good sales. 



Want Nothing but Pneumatics. 

Kansas City, March 4.— C. H. Rebenscheid & Son, 417 east 12th street, 
are selling the King and Queen of Scorchers, the Road King and Queen and 
the Hustler, |roo wheel of Humber pattern. They also have a repair shop 
and will give special attention to refitting wheels with pneumatic tires. 
This branch of the business is likely to be an extensive one. 

E. P. Moriarity, 1002 east 15th street, has received a No. 4 Cleveland 
with elliptical sprocket wheel and thread tires. He will represent the 
entire Cleveland line. 

Everything in cycling sundries, as well as every athletic appliance 
conceivable, is carried in J. F. Schmelzer & Sons' stores. They have a fine 
stock of wheels, high and medium grade, and anticipate a good season; 
they think the demand will be much greater for their high grade machines, 
the Rambler, Raleigh and Raglan than for lower priced makes. The 
cushion tire does not seem to be in demand, even on childrens wheels. 
Kingman & Co., the large jobbers, have a big stock of 24 and 26 inch 
wheels, with pneumatic tires, and up to this time eighty per cent of orders 
taken for boys' and girls' wheels has been for pneumatics. 



Peoria Trade Items. 

Peoria, March 6. — W. A. Wood and F. B. Lucas have opened the 
Peoria Cycle Works, and will manufacture cycles to order. 

The F. F. Ide Mfg. Co. will add a two-story wing to their factory, to be 
used as forge and assembly rooms in cycle making. 

The Blaney-Heitz Implement Co., of Quincy, 111., have entered cycle 
jobbing for western Illinois, with H. Osborne as their traveler. 

H. G. Rouse is in California. 



Rochester Takes More Agencies. 

Rochester, March 3.— Bettys & Smith, retailers and manufacturers of 
the B. & S. wheel, have moved into cheerful and spacious quarters on 
West avenue. Their stores are most attractive. Fred L. Mabbett, formerly 
with F. L. Hughes, is with this firm this year. 

W. C. Marion, known nadonally for his announcing at race meetings, 
was in the city last Thursday and placed an agency with Robert Thomson. 

E. C. Bode was here last Thursday and after placing the Fowler in the 
hands of Bettys & Smith, went to Buffalo. 



St. 



A Large St. Louis Firm Moves. 
Louis, March 4.— W. Wicke, the "Flying Dutchman" of the St. 



Louis Cycling Club, has entered the employ of the Laing Cycle Co., and 
will do his racing this season on a Rambler racer. 

Jordan & Sanders have moved from their store at 1324 Washington 
avenue to larger quarters across the street. They will occupy two floors 
aud will have a riding school on the second floor. 



New Kenwood Agencies. 
The Kenwood Mfg. Co., Chicago, have appointed the following new 
agents: New Orleans, N. Wells-Longshore; Washington, Standard Type- 
writer Exchange; Richmond, Va., W. S. Sublett. These are all well 
known establishments. Mr. Sublett is said to be doing a large hardware 
and cycle business and makes the Kenwood his high grade wheel. 



An Englishman, at present in Canada, writes home: "The American 
and Canadian wheels do not compare well even with our second class 
wheels, and even with 30 per cent, duty England can hold her own." This 
writer is evidently unprejudiced. 



W. H. Fauber, who runs a large repair shop at 35 Van Buren 
street, Chicago, has patented a new crank axle which is a decided 
improvement over the old style. As can be seen from the'cut, the 
sprocket axle cranks and pedal pins are all of one piece. Besides 
cheapness it weighs one half less than the ordinary crank, narrows 
the tread, and there is no hammering cranks ofiT and on or cranks 
to work lose. One can ride without trouser guards, as there are no 
keys or corners to catch them on. The cut shows a view of the new 
patent from the bottom of the wheel. The sprocket axle cranks and 
pedal pins are made in one piece. To remove from frame, unscrew 
jam nut N, bearing cone C, ball cups D and E, and the axle comes 
out through slot in sleeve on under side, which in use may be closed 
by a shield, G, held in place by ball cups D and E. All the bear- 
ings are screwed on the crank axle, which is made of tough steel, 
the axle proper being large between sprocket and jam nut so that 
the cranks can be repeatedly bent and 
straightened without getting bearings out of 
true. 

Mr. Fauber has been working on his idea 
for some time and has patented it in the 
United States and in Eu- 
rope .3, It is applicable for 
racing, road use and can be 
used to advantage on low 
grade machines, as the cost 
of them is greatly reduced. 
Fauber & Norton will handle 
the invention. They have 
put it on a boy's safety and 
it works well. 



Xt 




s Ki 




Come and see us. 



Trade Jealousy Exemphfied. 

A well known traveling man tells 
the following story, which shows how 
much jealousy and rivalry some- 
times exists between cycle agents. 

"I was in a small eastern town 
recently where there were only two 
dealers. The first one that I talked to 
did not want to take my wheel and 
after I had tried for several hours to 
place an agency I became disgusted 
and asked him where the other dealer 
was. He appeared surprised and at 
first said that he was the only one in 
town. He finally admitted that there 

was another. 'But he's only a boy in a printing office down the street, 
who has an agency for a cheap wheel,' he said. I thought that I would 
look the boy up, as I had plenty of time. I went to the address given and 

asked for Mr. . A well dressed gentleman, with a full beard, 

answered to the name. 'Is Mr. in?' I asked. 'I'm the gentleman,' 

he replied. I was astonished but told him that I thought that it was his 
brother that I wanted to see. He told me that he had none. I then 'took 
a tumble.' It was purely trade jealousy on the part of the first dealer, as 
I found out that the second man sold twice as many wheels as the other. 
Before I left I placed an agency with him." 



Traveling salesmen are 
always welcome at The 
Bearings office, or postal 
notices of arrival in Chicago 
will result in calls at their 
hotels by Bearings repre- 
sentatives, when possible. 



am 



Lion Bicycle Stand. 

This'stand, made by the Mcin- 
tosh-Huntington Co., is both use- 
ful' and ornamental, being fin- 
ished in gold bronze and lac- 
quered. It will take any size of 
tire, has a firm grip on the wheel, 
will hold it as firmly as any stand 
Eow on the market, and at the sauie time it is not necessary for the stand 
to be screwed down to the floor, nor is it possible for it to be overbalanced. 
It lists at $1 bronze finish; nickel finish, $1.25. 




Two of Stokes' Specialties. 

One of the new cycle sundries being manufactured by the 
Stokes Mfg. Co. this season is the Sterling foot pump. A shell 
of brass, handsomely nickel plated, black enameled stirrup at 
the bottom, a rubber tube with tips to fit any of the standard 
tires on the market, are the features of the pump. The 
cylinder is sixteen inches long, and about eight or ten strokes 
will inflate a tire. The Stokes traveling men are placing 
these pumps faster than the factory can supply them, it is said. 
Thp Stokes'Company 'are al.sojmaking an excellent pneumatic 
-!sr~s^=^S repair outfit. A handsome seal 
pocket-book containing one 
extra large tube of rubber solu- 
tion, one piece of rubber patch- 
ing (made especially to order), 
one roll (fifteen feet) of double 
coated tire tape, one section of 
friction paper, one roll of linen 
lacing and one needle. The 
poci^cL-uook. will be found, uandy for wheelmen after the con- 
tents have been used up as it is perspiration proof. This valu- 
able little article may be handily carried in the tool-bag and 
sells for fifty cents. Over 6,000 have been sold to the trade in 
Chicago alone. 




> 



THE BEARINGS. 



^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^P^^ ^^^^^^^^^^^1 


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^■^i^HjtyF^^ 




^^Hk ' ^ -SM 


^^^^^^^^^■''''^*-> - ^^^pH^m 


mi 



Last year I rode a Holbein Swift over 4000 
miles without needing a single repair. 

This year I expect to do the same or better. 

JOHN WEST. 



THAT'S THE KIND OF BICYCLE WE BUILD. 



JOHN WEST, 

CHAMPION HIGH JIMPEB, HIGH 

KICKER AND ALL ROUND 

ATHLETE. 



SEND FOR CATALOG. 



Coventry Machinists' Co. 



C^Jr^JCZ^J^^CD. 



Mention the bearings 



.i^r-j F^F=e.A.rvicri^c^cD. 



OUR 



13 YEAR'S EXPERIENCE IN THE CYCLE TRADE, 

UNSURPASSED FACILITIES FOR HANDLING A LARGE BUSINESS, 

LARGE STOCK-THE LARGEST IN AMERICA- 



Is eft yoiir I3isx>osa^l« 

We are now mailing our 189.3 catalogues and if you have not already sent in your name for one do so at once. Ours is not an "art catalogue,' 
but contains an honest and comprehensive description of our entire line for 1893 with cuts showing the different styles. 




SYLPH CYCLES 
OVERLAND CYCLES 
RUDGE CYCLES 



Are Our Own Manufacture 
And DISTINCTLY LEADERS. 



We are Manufacturer's Largest Jobbing Agents for WESTERN WHEEL WORKS' 19 patterns of Safeties in 
the West, carry an enormous stock and can fill orders promptly at BOTTOM PRICES. We are naming special prices 
on new and popular cycles. It will pay you to write us no matter what you want ia the cycle lin(i. Correspon- 
dence solicited. ....„.„ 

ROUSE, HAZARD & CO., 143 G Street, Peoria, 111. 



The Freaks of Dame Fashion are Peculiar. 



Last season we wore a certain style of hat, this year another style, next year it will be something else, and so it goes. Hoop skirts will be 
worn again, 'tis said, because Darae Fashion has so decreed. 

Fashions or Styles in Cycles chaage also, and just now the passing craze is for light weight Rigid Frame Safeties. 

Our SCORCHER SYLPH, Model D, Weight 30 Pounds, 

Is in the height of fashion in design, weight, material, finish — everything essential to a strictly high 
grade wheel. SCORCHERS and HARD ROAD RIDERS are invited to investigate thoroughly its new and 
valuable features. The business man, or riders who pr«fer Comfort and Pleasure rather than speed 
should investigate. 

Our SPRING FRAME SYLPHS, Models A and B. 
"Sylph cycles run easy" — Our spring frames ride easiest. Pneumatic tires added much to the pleasure 
and comfort of riders of rigid frame machines, but with the addition of our Three-Part Spring Frame 
they are simply perfection. lavestigate. Catalogue Free. 
MODEL D SYLPH. Good Agents Wanted Everywhere. They SeU Readily. 

Rouse- Duryea Cycle Co., 142 G St., Peoria, 111. 




F. L. Douglas Cycle Co., 284-286 Wabash Ave., 

klENTION THE BEARING* 



- Chicago Agents. 



THE BEARINGS. 



AN ENGLISH MARKET REPORT. 



Prices at Which Second Hand Wheels Sell In England. 



Below is shown a classified table of second hand machines, and the 
approximate London market prices on each kind and grade. The chief 
interest to Americans is in the contrast between English prices and our own. 
This is of course, accounted for by the smaller income of the average 
English purchaser and by the plentitude of old wheels. The Cycle Trade 
Review says: 

The prices of machines have slightly improved since our last report, 
although the rise is more particularly confined to cushion-tired safeties 
and tricycles, the old pattern Dunlop-tired safeties realizing but poor 
prices. 

The sales at the rooms have been well attended for the past three 
weeks, and the Monkhouse estate realized good prices, especially with 
regard to the accessories and parts. We look forward with some degree of 
apprehension to the unloading of stock which must inevitably take place 
shortly among some of the leading Coventry firms, and therefore we 
advise agents to be cautious in dealing in their old pattern goods at pres- 
ent prices. 

London Market Prices, February 15, 1893. 

MACHINES. I RICKS. 

Safety bicycles by leading companies, with cushion tires, 1892 patterns, 

shop soiled $35 00 to $40 00 

Ditto, with 1892 pattern pneumatic tires 33 50 to 45 00 

Ditto, early 1892 patterns, with cushions 25 00 to 30 fO 

Ditto, ditto, with pneumatic tires 25 00 to oO 00 

Second and third grades, by leading companies, with solid tires, shop 

soiled 17 50 to 20 00 

Ditto, with cushion tires 20 00 to 30 00 

Ditto, with pneumatic tires 22 50 to 32 50 

Safety bicycles, by good class firms, 1892 pat erns, best machines, shop 

soiled, with cushion tires 32 50 to 37 50 

Ditto, with pneumatic tires 32 50 to 40 00 

Second and third grades, with solid tires 12 50 to 17 50 

Ditto, with cushion tires 20 00 to 25 00 

Ditto, with pneumatic tires 22 50 to 27 50 

Safety bicycles by makers of cheap contract lots, with solid tires, shop 

soiled 10 00 to 15 00 

Ditto, with cushion tires 12 50 to 17 50 

Second-hani. safety bicycles by leading companies— best machines, in 

good condition, solid tires 12 50 to 20 00 

Ditto, with cushion tires 20 00 to 30 OO 

Ditto, with pneumatic tires 25 00 to 35 00 

Second and third grades, with solids 7 fiO to 12 50 

Ditto, with cushions 15 00 to 20 00 

Ditto, with pueumatics 22 50 to 27 50 

Second-hand safety bicycles, by good class firms, in first-class condi- 
tion— best machines, with solid tires 10 00 to 15 00 

Ditto, with cushion tires 17 50 to 22 50 

Ditto, with pneumatic tires 20 00 to 32 50 

Second and third grades, with solids 7 50 to 12 50 

Ditto, with cushions 15 00 to 20 00 

Ditto, with pneumatics 22 60 to 20 OO 

Second-liand safety bicycles, by makers of cheap contract lots, with 

solid tires.. 7 50 to 10 00 

Ditto, with cushion tires 10 00 to 15 00 

Second-hand tricycles, by leading companies, 1892 patterns, best ma- 
chines, with pneumatic tires 60 00 to 70 00 

Ditto, with cushion tires 45 00 to 62 50 

Ditto, with solid tires 17 50 to 27 50 

Second and third grades, by leading companies, 1892 patterns, with 

cushion tires 30 00 to 40 00 

Ditto, with solid tires 15 On to 25 00 

Second-hand tricycles of cheaper classes, with cushion tires 17 50 to 30 00 

Ditto, with solid tires 12.50 to 25 00 

Second-hand tandem tricycles, by leading companies ol Olympia or 

Quadricycle type, best machines, with pneumatic tires 75 00 to 110 CO 

Ditto, with cushion tires 70 00 to 95 00 

Ditto, with solid tires 45 00 to 65 00 

Secondhand tandem tricycles, by leading companies, of Cripper type, 

best machines, with cushion tires 35 00 to 60 00 

Ditto, with solid tires 15 00 to 30 00 



The "Singer Challenge." 
This wheel was described last week, without illustration. 



A fine 




wheel; weight, 33; price, J135. 
Boston. 



Singer & Co., 6 and 8 Berkeley Street, 



A new process, whereby the flux, etc., is readily cleared oflf the brazed 
parts of cycles, tubes, and rims has been introduced in England, says Cyc- 
ling. When cleaned under this process, they present a splendid silver-like 
appearance, without any of the disadvantages attending the diflferent acid 
methods. 



THAT DUNLOP-PREMIER DEAL. 

Editor The BEARiNds: — Noticing a paragraph in your issue of the 
3d inst., under the heading "Another Big Deal Pending," in which one is 
referred to "between the Dunlop and Premier people," we desire to say 
that it has always been our policy to use the best articles, whether it be 
tubing, spokes, saddles, handles, bearings or pneumatics, in the construc- 
tion of Premiers; and in line with this policy we are fitting this year to all 
1893 Premiers the new detachable Dunlop tire, which we consider to be as 
far and away ahead of all other tires as helical tubing is ahead of the ordi- 
nary drawn article. In confirmation of our rigid adherence to the above 
mentioned policy, we call your attention to the fact that we used last 
season the most expensive tire on the market — that manufactured under 
the Thomas patents, which have since been disallowed by the courts. 

Premier Cvci.e Company. 

New York, March 6. 




A Familiar Face. 

A popular man is Col. Ben- 
jamin S. Lovell, treasurer of the 
John P. Lovell Arms Co., of 
. Bo.>iton. He is one of the solid 
business men of the Hub, and 
is known personally to nearly 
every large dealer in the coun- 
try. Col. Lovell is a favorite 
outside of business circles. He 
served Uncle Sam faithfully 
during the war and now spends 
considerable time and money 
helping his old comrades in 
securing pensions. He is a 
prominent G. A. R man and 
also somewhat of a politician, 
having served several terms in 
the state senate. 



A Shout in the Wilderness. 

The Mcintosh - Huntington 
Company send in a letter re- 
ceived by them from the agent 
of an insurance company who 
is located in Dakota. He is not 
able-bodied and cries for that 
which has been used in England 
i.ovEi.L. for years, in an experimental 

wav, and which will some day be in general use. The letter follows, the 
writer's name being omitted: "Has there yet anywhere been made an 
electric bicycle, or tricycle, or motor similar weight, for one person, with 
storage battery for power? I am something of an invalid, with no force 
to propel, and am patiently awaiting the bringing out of a machine that 
would carry a man about on walks or pavements or smooth roads. Some- 
thing to answer the purpose of a horse, but that would not eat unless 
used, be safer, more quiet, less responsibility, care, etc., etc." 



BENJAMIN 



The Twelve Pounder Coming to America. 

George Hilsendegen, Detroit, has purchased the 12 1-2 pound King of 
Scorchers that created such a stir at the Stanley Show, and will soon have 
the wheel on exhibition in Detroit. He will allow experienced riders to 
try it on the asphalt paved streets. Mr. Hilsendegen has just hit on a 
novel advertising scheme. He has had photographs of himself in his 
pneumatic tired buggy nicely framed and distributed in the Detroit stores. 
The neat little sign "Buy Bicycles of Hilsendegen" on the box of the 
buggy catches the eye, but not many of the possessors of the picture have 
found out that it is an "ad." 



Hendee to Start in for Himself. 

Geo. M. Hendee has left Hulburt Bros. & Co., New York, and will 
embark in business forh'msflfin Springfield, Mass. He writes that he 
will open a cycle emporium second to none in the New England states. 
The store is situated on Main street, near the corner of State, iti the 
Walker block. It is 100 feet long, finished in hard wood with a highly 
paneled ceiling and two show windows, one at the front and the other at 
the rear, furnish sufi&cient light. The repair shop will be in the rear, 
partitioned off from the other part of the store. Adolph Gruendler, for 
many years at the head of the Pope Mfg. Co.'s repair department at Hart- 
ford, will be in charge in the shop. There is a cemented cellar under- 
neath, which is perfectly dry and suitable for storage purposes. Mr. Hen- 
dee will handle the Indiana Bicycle Co.'s line and the Rudge, Sylph and 
Overland, as well as wholesaling and retailing sundries. 



Mr, Garden "Deniges." 

The Bearing.s learns reliably that the Pope Company will spend 
from Is, 000 tofS.ooo on its World's Fair exhibit, and that a contemplated 
feature for which drawings had been prepared is a beautiful grilled-glass 
pavilion. The drawings are now at Hartford. 

Mr. Garden, Chicago manager of the Pope Company, looked non- 
plussed when asked for a description of the pavilion and wanted to know 
where the information came from. He denied knowledge that the Pope 
Comoany would build such a pavilion. *'We inten 1 to have something pretty 
fine," he said, "but do not intend to have such an expensive exhibit as you 
describe. I do not know just what we will have, as it is all on paper yet." 



THE BEARINGS. 



THIS IS RECORD. 



Twenty-two new "ads" and thirty-seven changes! Fifty-four and 
one-half pages of advertising appear in this issue of The Bearings. This 
is record. The list is as follows: 



Pope Mfg. Co 1 page. 

Indiana Bicycle Co 1 " 

Gormully & Jeffery Mfg. Co 1 " 

Overman Wheel Co 1 " 

Geo. R. Biflwell Cycle Co 1 " 

Union Cycle Mfg. Co 1 " 

Hill Cycle Mfg. Co I •' 

Monarch Cycle Co 1 " 

Thorsen & Cassady 1 " 

Mortjan & Wright 1-2 " 

Phelps & Dingle 1-2 •• 

Columbus Bicvcle Co 1-2 " 

Atnes & Frost Co 1-2 •' 

Hibbard, Spencer, Bartlett & Co .. 1-2 •' 

A. Featherstone 1-2 " 

Freeport Bicycle IVlfg. Co 1-2 " 

Wilson, Myers & Co 1-2 ' 

American Dunlop Tire Co 1-2" 

Raleigh Cycle Co 1-2 '• 

A. G. Spalding & Bro 1-2 " 

Rouse, Hazard & Co 1-2 " 

Vincent Cycle Co 1-2 " 

Century Cycle Mfg. Co 1-2 " 

Geo. A. Drysdale & Co 1-2 " 

Fauber & Norton 1-2" 

Royal Cycle Works 1-2 " 

Coventry Machinists' Co 1-2 " 

Buffalo Wheel Co 1-a " 

Horace Bell, agent 1-2 " 

Anglo-American I. & M. Co 1-2 " 



Marble Cycle Mfg. Co 1-2 page 

Toledo Bicycle Co 1-2 " 

Taylor Cycle Co 1-2 " 

A. U. Betts &Co l-.S " 

James Cycle Importing Co 1-3 " 

Luthy&Co 1-4 •' 

Rich&Sager 1-4 " 

Holmes & Co 1-1 " 

B.C. Whayne 1-4 " 

Peck* Snyder 1-4 " 

Mcintosh-Huntington Co 1-4 " 

J. Andrae Cycle Works 1-4 " 

Hickory Wheel Co 1-4 " 

C. H. SJeg Mfg. Co 1-4 " 

Bicycle Canopy Co . . 1-4 " 

Hanson & Van Winkle Co 1-4 " 

Hay & Willits 1-8 •■ 

Hamilton Stores 1-8 " 

Mason & Mason 1-8 " 

Pomerv&Bros 1-8 " 

Smith Wheel Co 1-8 •' 

H. & W. Toe Clip Co 3 inches 

John Harriott 3 " 

Lemont & Whittemore 3 " 

W. G. Rankin & Co 2 " 

J. Malp'SB 2 " 

Standard Cap Co 2 " 

Bevin Bro. Mfg. Co... 2 " 

Roy Oiler Co 11-2" 



A New Pedal. 

At the National Show of which afforded a private view of Lucas' new 
Rational pedal, the name we were the Old File promptly perverted into 
"Rattraptional," says 
the Irish Cyclist. We 
are now able to give an 
illustration which very 
clearly shows its con- 
struction. The side- 
plates are brought in- 
wards so as to be iji or 
2 inches nearer each 
other, and the bearings 
are correspondingly 
closer together. The 
foot-plates over-lap the 
bearings, and are curled 
up at the ends to pre- 
vent the feet slipping off. It is claimed that the closer proximity of the 
side-plates has the effect of stiffening the foot-plates, so that a very light 
pedal can be made extremely strong. There is also less chance of rain- 
water running from the cranks into the inner bearings; and the outer bear- 
ings are closed in with dust-proof caps. The foot-plates are so graduated 
in width that the one upon which the toes tread is not so broad as the 
other, upon which the widest part of the foot comes. 




Fifty Years of Experience. 
The W. Bingham Co., Cleveland, O., control the entire output of the 
Hackney Bicycle Co., Cleveland; the Yost Mfg. Co., Toledo; also the 
Euclid Sociable, and, as befits a large firm that have been in the hardware 
business for fifty years, have issued a handsome catalogue. The Euclid 
sociable is a machine for lovers. It n^ay be ridden by one person or two 
and shows to advantage in touring. The Hackney and Falcons are well 
known machines and are good sellers. In the catalogue is shown a picture 
of Father Time on an ordinary, being dragged along by a man and a 
woman on safeties. 

Reuben Wood's Sons' Spring Opening. 
There was a gathering of the trade at the spring opening of Reuben 
Wood's Sons, at Syracuse, February 23. Visiting tradesmen from the 
surrounding towns partook of the good cheer offered by the proprietors. 
A lunch at the store and a dinner at the Globe Hotel were served. The 
Liberty, Sterling, Sunol, Excelsior, Eclipse, Central, Falcon, Queen City 
and Crypto geared ordinary were exhibited. 

J. D. Lumsden, the professional, rode a Michelin tire in a 48-hour race 
at Glasgow, and has written a letter complimenting the tire makers upon 
its excellence. 



You May Draw a Fowler. 

All of the catalogues of the Hill Cycle Mfg. Co., Chicago, are num- 
bered. As soon as the riding season opens in earnest a drawing will be 
held and some lucky owner of a Fowler catalogue will get a wheel free. 
The pamphlet was out last Monday. It is printed in red, green and purple 
and makes a decidedly handsome appearance. The Fowler frame, which 
is well known by this time, makes the wheel extremely rigid and prevents 
the chain from riding the teeth on the sprocket wheel. The enameling 
and nickel plating on the Fowler are of fine quality. Three patterns are 
made — the racer, light roadster and roadster. 



The Wavetly Line. 

The Indiana Bicycle Co. will issue within a few days a new and elegant 
catalogue of their Waverly line. The Waverly is meeting with great 
success all over the country, and the fact that such old and reliable con- 
cerns as the Hart Cycle Co., of Philadelphia; the Pope Mfg. Co., Peck & 
Snyder and Hulburt Bros, of New York City; the Queen City Cycle Co., of 
Buffalo; J. W. Grove, of Pittsburg, and scores of other well known dealers 
are dropping various other lines to make a place for the Waverly is the- 
highest testimonial that can be obtained by the makers. Read their adver- 
tisement in this issue. 



And each a leader in its own particular line — the general adaptability of an 
^^k \ ^A 1^2^ I ^^^ ^g ^^^ B ^^B for its own specific purpose is 








MODEL "E" 



PL&\MWW I WWJt Ufcftfv 



is no exception to the rule — it 

is an all around A No. i Road 

Wheel fitted with all guards and 

«cv . V ^f PNEU- 
MATIC 
TIRES. 




PLtv^itwol iRhOL >t^R<^, 



PRICE $150.00 

GOOD LIVE Agents wanted 
in unoccupied territory. 



-^;^S^^fe5;ipC 



^-*" Send for 1893 Catalogue. 

AMES & FROST COMPANY, 302 304 Wabash Ave.. Chicago. Ill 



C. H.LSIEG MFG. CO. Retail. 275 Wabash Avenue. 



THE BEARINGS. 



IMPRESSIONS OF AN EVERY-DAY MAN. 

The efiFects of the National Cycle Show are already manifesting them- 
selves. This mighty exposition of the bicycle industry has had a stimu- 
lating effect on the trade, and manufacturer and retail dealer alike feel 
that 1893 v\ill be the banner year. But although in the aggregate the ben- 
efits accruing from the Show will be very great, there is another side 
which is not so pleasant to contemplate. 

The gathering in one place of so many builders, jobbers, dealers and 
agents, has opened a field of competition which may prove anything but 
satisfactory to many of each class before the season is over. I believe that, 
to a great extent, the apparent competition at Philadelphia is deceptive, 
and that in reality there is no call for uneasiness. Nevertheless, there 
were a large number of factories represented, and as buyers had the chance 
(which, of course, they did not scruple to take advantage of) to inform 
themselves regarding discounts, and as they, in most instances, did not 
hesitate to quote confidential prices when bargaining with competitors, a 
feeling of uncertainty was generated, which caused some unheard of and 
very unreasonable trades. Again, the stories of enormous outputs sold 
during the Show, many of which emanated from what should be trust- 
worthy sources, had a demoralizing effect upon the smaller manufacturing 
concerns, which were fearful of being left out in the cold, and therefore 
accepted very low prices for their goods. These stories were assiduously 
spread by buyers, and will undoubtedly cause much unnecessary trouble. 

Factors in '93 Business. 
The general reduction in price offered dealer and buyer alike on 1892 
pattern machines will, no doubt, be also a factor in the 1893 business. 
Manufacturers also, in a sense, have stampeded, and are sending out 
traveling men by the dozen to drum up trade in the small towns and 
villages. These men are not accustomed to deal with agents wko handle 
but one or two machines in a season, and are prone to offer them the same 
advantages that are enjoyed by the larger dealer, thereby educating them, 
as it were, above their station. All these things will have a bad effect 
upon 1894 trade, which will be hard to counteract. However, it is a fact 
that traveling salesmen are loading agents in each town with from three to 
twenty different lines and neglecting to work up a class of trade which is 
ripe for the harvest — the hardware and carriage. There will be a good 
field to retrench upon in '94. I have had some opportunity for investiga- 
tion, and I am very well satisfied that there will be a dearth of high 
grade 1893 pattern standard bicycles, before June i, 1893. 

A State of Indecision. 
Of course cholera, the World's Fair, or other possible contingencies 
may paralyze trade, but my deductions are based on one plain fact: 
1891 and 1892 were very hard years for the manufacturers. Changes in 
form, weight and tires followed one another with bewildering rapidity, 
and the failure of several large jobbing houses and manufacturers, not to 
speak of dealers and agents, are directly attributable to this cause. Even 
late last fall, every maker in America was undecided what lines, what 



weight and what tire to adopt, and everyone hesitated until the last moment 
before making contracts for stock. A great many sample machines dis- 
played at Philadelphia were the very first 1893 pattern machines turned 
out by their makers. Last year the season was practically closed on 
August I. This year it will close even earlier, which leaves about four 
months or may be five, in which the manufacturer must get his output in 
the hands of his agents. In the majority of cases he has not yet got in 
his stock, or if he has, the uneasy feeling left over from last year is keep- 
ing him from turning every energy to his work. 

Recommends Trade Organization. 
Therefore, I think that when the rush comes early in May he will be 
found wanting, especially if he is not an old timer with surplus capital 
and experience to back him. I am credibly informed by more than one 
interested party that there is very little call for 1892 machines at any 
price, and that dealers generally prefer to buy a good second grade 
machine of 1893 pattern, than the best known brand made in 1892, even 
at the same price. One of the largest dealers in second hand and job lot 
machines has just lost his whole stock by fire, and as his stock and 
prestige were enormous, there may be a market opened for stale goods, 
and it is to be hoped that this will be the case, as there has never been a 
period in the history of bicycling when the clerk and laboring man could 
purchase a first-class mount as cheaply as now, providing he is not so 
woman-like as to believe that fashion is everything. There is only one 
chance of salvation for the manufacturer, and he will be driven to take up 
the chance ere long. In union there is strength, but so long as every 
maker runs his business in his own sweet way, and believes that his neigh- 
bor is trying to cut his throat, just so long will the bicycle business be 
what it is now — a drifting hulk on the waters of competition, without sail, 
rudder or captain. Bot,AV. 

Johnson Will Use the Burris-Michelin Tire. 
The New York Belting & Packing Co., write: "When Eck and John- 
son were East they made a test of the Burris-Michelin pneumatic tire, 
having previously tested all others, and Mr. Johnson was so well pleased 
with the result that he decided to have his racing wheels for 1893 tired with 
the Burris-Michelin. Johnson believes the Burris-Michelin to be the 
greatest in the world. He found it to possess the qualities of resiliency 
which are only to be obtained by a very rigid and strong rim 
and a flexible but non-elastic restraining jacket covering a continuous 
air chamber. Johnson was highly elated with the facility with which he 
could remove the outer cover from the rim, repair the air chamber and re- 
place it, and was especially attracted by the safety features of the tire 
which render an accident by the cover getting out of position and slip- 
ping off the tire, impossible." 

The Niagara scorcher, racer, full roadster and the ladies' Maid of the 
Mist are shown in the '93 catalogue of the Buffalo Wheel Co. The Maid 
of the Mist seems to be all that is desirable in a ladies' wheel. 




PSYCHO ROAD RACER. 

Weight, 26 1-3 Lbs. Price, S135.00. 



PSYCHOS 

FITTED WITH STARLEY'S 

WEB JOINT FRAME 




LADIES' PSYCHO. 

Weight, 30 1-3 Lbs. Price, 1S150.00. 



Are SELLING because they are the LIGHTEST and STRONGEST ROAD SAFETIES 
and are made by manufacturers of experience. 

t^Gjs: Safeties are selling because they list at $125.00, are worth $150.00, 
and we quote dealers LIVING PRICES. 

We sell Psychos and Rex East as well as West. Catalogue and terms to dealers; 
send postal. We handle Tourist, Liberty and Western Wheel Works safeties west 
of Pennsylvania. Our catalogue is worth the asking. 




REX LIGHT ROADSTER. 

Weight, 30 Lbs. Price, S135.00. 



Taylor Cycle Co. 

CHICAGO. 



LARGEST STORE IN CYCLE ROW. 

MENTION THE BEARINGS 




LIBERTY ROAD SCORCHER. 



Weiglit, 3!) Lbs. 



Price, $150.00. 



THE BEARINGS. 



THE "Courier" High Grade Roadster 



PNEUMATIC, 
CUSHION, 

LIBERAL 
TERMS 



$95.00 
80.00 



ITHIN THE REACH 
OF ALL. 




The "COrKlEK," a Medium Price, Hif;h Grade Roadster Bicycle. 

No one need be without a bicycle, we have them for everyone. Our catalogue gives full description. Write for one. 

Hibbard, Spencer. Bartlett & Co., Chicaeo. 



MENTION THE BEARINGS 



Saddles. Saddles. Saddles. Saddles. 



'Tis often said that the best is none too good. Neither it 
is. Despite this fact some Bicycle manufacturers often 
spoil a good wheel by starting it out on its mission 
with a poor saddle, wher^ a really good saddle like 
Lamplugh's or Brooks' can be had at a price no higher 
than that of some of the "wrath and pain provokers" 
inflicted on the helpless rider. W( have now a stock 
of new saddles: Lamplugh's Nos. 218, 255, 268 and 
405 ; and the much talked of Brooks' B 19 Speedwell 
Racing Saddle; weight, 12 ounces. 

We cannot help mentioning Rims--OUR RIMS. Have you seen tliem? 

EVERYTHING IN THE LINE OF CYCLE MANUFACTURE AND REPAIR. 



/INQLO-zmERlCflN IR2N & HET/IL CO., 

213 Pearl Street, - - NEW YORK, N. Y. 



Mention The Bearings. 



THE BEARINGS. 



Aluminum Locks. 

Slaymaker, Barry & Co., Lan- 
caster, Pa., are turning out a 
taking novelty in the shape of 
aluminum bicycle locks. They 
weigh one-third less than the same 
lock in bronze, are highly and 
beautifully polished, are spring 
and have a sixteen 
Each complete lock 
weighs one 
ounce. They 
also manu- 
facture a pad- 
lock of gun 
metal, made 
on the same 
principle as 
a railroad 
switch lock. 

One made of aluminum, weighing one ounce to the dozen, is made by this 
firm at the Diamond Lock Works for charms or dog collar padlocks. 




The inner tube of a Duulop 28 inch racing tire weighs about five ounces. 

Hay & Willits, Indianapolis, have been granted the state agency for 
the Indiana Bicycle Co.'s Waverlys, and will job them throughout the 
state. 

The perambulators to be used on the World's Fair grounds will be 
fitted with rubber tires by the Hartford Rubber Co., of whom 4,800 tires 
have been ordered. 



FLORIDA AND THE SUNNY SOUTH. 

To all persons contemplating a southern trip, the Big Four route offers 
special attractions and advantages possessed by no other line. Solid 
vestibuled trains, heated with steam and equipped with palace sleeping 
cars, reclining chair cars and elegant parlor cafe dining cars run daily, 
making connection in Central Union Station, Cincinnati, with through 
express trains of the Queen & Crescent Route, Ivouisville & Nashville, 
Kentucky Central and Chesapeake & Ohio Railways, avoiding the tedious 
transfer necessary via other lines, and affording practically through train 
service to Old Point Comfort, Asheville, Chattanooga, New Orleans, 
Savannah, Jacksonville, St. Augustine, Tampa, Indian River and all winter 
resorts of the South. Tourist tickets, via the Popular Big Four route, at 
special low rates, are on sale at all coupon ticket offices throughout the 
country. Ask the agent for tickets via the Big Four route. D. B. Martin, 
General Passenger & Ticket Agent, Cincinnati, Ohio., or J. C. Tucker, 
G. N. A., 234 Clark street, Chicago. 



THE PICTURESQUE B. & O. 

The Baltimore and Ohio is the shortest route to Washington from 
nearly all points West. Its trains are vestibuled from end to end, and carry 
Pullman sleeping cars. 

No railroad in America is better equipped than the B. & O. to trans- 
port with dispatch, safety, and comfort the large crowd which will visit 
Washington to vitness the inauguration ceremonies. Its long experience 
in transporting crowds to former inaugurations, G. A. R. encampments, 
Knights Templar conclaves, and similar gatherings, on an extensive scale, 
will prove most valuable in arranging for the coming inauguration. 

For more detailed information as to rates, time of trains, etc., apply to 
L. S. Allen, Asst. Gen'l Passenger Agent, The Rookery, Chicago. 



1893 MODEL. 



36 POUNDS 



LOOK OUT FOR YOUR AGENCY! 

THE NEW MAIL 



GENUINE DUNLOP DETACHABLE PNEUMATIC TIRES, $135.00. 



PNEUMATIC TIRES, $125.00. 



WM. READ & SONS, Manufacturers, 



HIGHEST GRADE. 



107 Washington Street, BOSTON, MASS. 



KENTION THE BEARINGS 



EED CEOSS CYCLE CLEAIEE 

Removes all oil, grease, mud, dirt or slain and all rust of a few days standing. Keeps away all rust 
from the bearings and sleeve of the spokes, thus lengthening the life of a spoke and wheel one-half. 

Softens and preserves the rubber in the tire. Removes the oil and grease from the chain like 
magic, leaving it clean and bright. 

Does not scar or scratch tlie enamel, but brings out a clear and brilliant finish. 

Guaranteed to contain no acid and will not leave the wheel oily. 

One application is sufficient to guarantee its use ever afterward. 

/I5K TOUR DE/!ILER5 rOR IT. 




^SEND ROR CAXALOQUE OK NEW GOODS.= 



Manufactured by A. U. BETTS & CO. 



MENTION THE BEARINGS 



TOLEDO, OHIO. 



THE BEARINGS. 



ARE 0DI2Q5. 



RUT competition is the very life of modern trade, and we are prepared for com- 
parisons. The best of course succeeds. Realizing the truth of this fact we invite 
inspection of the high merits of the TOURIST bicycle, feeling confident that it stands 
second to none, and moreover that a careful examination will convince an unbiased 
mind that it has hardly an equal. In addition to this it is fitted with the new Bid- 
well Constrictive Tire for '93 _^ 

Our New Ball Bearing Cyclometer 

Noiseless, Accurate, and Reliable also fills a long-felt want for every Cycler. 

TO REPAIRERS. 

We would say that owing to the peculiar constrictive qualities of our '93 tire, we can fit 
a ifs-inch pneumatic tire to any rim that has been made for a i^-inch cushion tire with- 
out making a single change. Think of the saving. No changing of rims, and no machine 
work. We also make a special tire for cheap work, using our (new) last season's cover 
together with our new constrictive fabric tube at a very low price. Having only a few 
we would advise you to write for prices. Sizes 28 and 30 inch by i^ and 2 inch. Send 
also for a pamphlet. — Air: " Its hard and soft side." 



Geo. R. Bidwell Cycle Co., 

308-310 West 59th St., N.Y. 

Factory: Tire Factory: 

Colts West Armory, Hartford, Ct. 49 and 51 West 66th St., N. Y. 



MENTION THE BEARINGS 



THE BEARINGS, 



AS YOU LIKE IT. 

Joseph E. Geigan, of Baltimore, will manufacture a wheel called the 
New South. 

E. H. and John Seddon, of the Seddon's Tire Co,, Manchester, Eng- 
land, are in America. 

John J. Fecitt, of the Union Cycle Mfg. Co., Boston, has repaired an 
inner tube puncture with a postage stamp. 

The Simmons Hardware Co., St. I^ouis, has sold over 4,500 safeties 
already this season. This outdoes their entire last year's business. 

The Luburg Mfg. Co., Philadelphia, expect to do a large business with 
the Sprinter Scorcher and Traveler as leaders. Their sundry department 
will be a large one. E. L. Bowles is representing them and is now in New 
York state. 

Foster, Brown & Co., New York, agents for the Ivel, have been forced 
to cease their efforts to sell the wheel in this country, it is said. The 
manufacturers cannot fill their orders, owing to the great demand for the 
machine in England. 

The Eclipse Bicycle Co., Beaver Falls, Pa., are running an all night 
force, as well as working their day gang until late in the evening. They 
give employment to 350 men and their shipments are said to be about 
three car loads a week. 

The first Raleigh bicycle sold in Denver, Col., is said to have started 
out as successfully in that town as Raleighs generally do in all towns, in 
winning races. Mr. Senchen won the five mile Denver road race on Feb- 
ruary 22 in 16:30, coming in fourteen seconds ahead of the second man. 
There were 59 starters in this race. 

The Perfection repair outfit, the Chas. H. Sieg Co., of Chicago, state, 
is being shipped in 1,000 lots. It has been adopted by such prominent 
cycle builders as the Ames & Frost Co., Wilson, Myers & Co., Yost Mfg. 
Co., Marble Cycle Co., Monarch Cycle Co., Schoverling, Daly & Gales, 
W. Bingham Co., Century Cycle Mfg. Co., and many others, all of whom 
intend to furnish one free of charge with every wheel they turn out. 

The Michigan Wheel Co., of Lansing, Mich., are manufacturing 
hickory wheels for sulkies. This company have been extensively engaged 
in the manufacture of wheels for the carriage trade and have a factory 
equipped with a full line of the latest improved wheel-making machinery. 
They make three sizes of sulky wheels, which weigh but fourteen pounds 
a pair. The Michigan Wheel Co. also make a high grade bicycle with 
hickory wheels. 

The New York Belting and Packing Co. are now turning out the 
Burris-Michelin and Whippet tires in quantities sufficient to supply all 
demands. They ask "Of what value to the cyclist, when he is some miles 
from a railroad station, is a guarantee to repair a puncture or furnish a 
new tire? Does the maker of the tire do the walking to the nearest station, 
pay railroad fares, and supply a new wheel while the injured tire is being 
repaired? Cyclists of 1893 want a tire that they can repair in five minutes 
by the roadside, and that is the reason the Burris-Michelin tire is gaining 
such popularity." 

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CHICAGO, MAKCH 17, 1893 



THE WORLD'S FAIR MEET. 

A Sub-Executive Committee of Nine Will Have Charge — Sheridan Will 

Hold the Funds — The Press to be Systematically Informed — Track 

Proposals to be Considered Immediately — A Valuable Hotel 

Option — Important Meeting Held Last Monday. 



" The finest lot of men I have ever seen at a gathering of Chicago 
wheelmen." 

It would not be fair to dub the gathering a mutual admiration affair, 
but the expression quoted above was used by a considerable number of 
those who attended last Monday night's meeting at the Great Northern 
hotel, Chicago. The 1893 League meet was the subject discussed. There 
were about 45 representative men present. Thomas F. Sheridan, who 
presided, announced that the week beginning on Saturday, August 5, and 
ending on Saturday, August 12, had been selected as the time for holding 
the League meet. 

The Dates for the International Tournament 
chosen by the international race committee are Augusts to 12, inclusive. 
The track will no doubt be of burnt clay (brick dust) and, as previously 
stated, will be constructed on the ball grounds at 35th street and Went- 
worth avenue. The track committee, Messrs. Garden, Erwin, Gerould, 
Burdett and Van Sicklen, will at once consider proposals for construction. 
Mr. Gerould, being the Chicago member of the international race com- 
mittee, will be chairman and will award contracts. The funds of the 
meet will be in charge of Thomas F. Sheridan. 

The dimensions of the track will be three laps to the mile; length of 
straights, 425 1-2 feet; width of home stretch, 50 feet; back stretch, 25 




DIAGRAM OF THE TRACK. 



feet. First turn, 30 feet; second turn, 35 feet; banking one foot in five, 
thus making the first turn six feet high and the second seven feet high. 
The finish will be 115 yards straight. 

A Sub-Executive Committee, 
of which the Executive Committee of the League will be ex-ofiicio mem- 
bers, was elected to take entire local charge of the League meet.< It con- 
sists of Messrs. T. L. Sloan, C. E. Randall, William Herrick, F. W. Ger- 
ould, C.F.Stokes, A.J. Marrett, R. D. Garden, F. H. Gere and J. O. 
Blake. 

C. E. Randall is chairman of the committee on hotels, the other 
members being W. A. Leonard and L.D.Taylor. These two gentlemen 
are managing the National Columbian United Wheelmen's Association, 
which has almost completed the wheelmen's hotel which has been so 
generally advertised. Mr. Leonard stated that, after a consultation with 
the Executive Committee of the League, his people 

Had Obtained Option Upon Four Other Hotels 
for the week during which the meet will be held, and that they had 
placed themselves under financial obligations in the matter. All of these 
hotels will be within a few blocks of the World's Fair, being located at 
56th and Madison streets, 57th and Madison, 56th and Washington and 
near kidway Plaisance, respectively. A small deposit, the amount of 
which will be announced later, will be required of wheelmen wishing to 
secure these accommodations. 



Seven Chicagoans will comprise the press committee: M. A. Lane, 
S. A. Miles, J. M. Erwin, F. E. Spooner, W. Wardrop, H. H. Wylie and 
L. J. Berger. They will select a chairman today (Friday) and it is thought 
that Mr. Lane, of the Evening Post, will be chosen. One or more addi- 
tional members will selected from the Chicago daily press by the commit- 
tee. This committee will prepare matter concerning the meet for the 
cycling press and for a number of the most prominent daily papers in the 
country. 

Committees on reception, runs, invitation and programmes, etc., will 
be appointed by the local executive committee. 

Chairman Raymond Expresses Great Satisfaction. 

Howard E. Raymond, who traveled a thousand miles to attend the 
meeting, expressed his entire satisfaction with the location of the track and 
the prospects for a very successful meeting. He admitted having been 
skeptical when Mr. Gerould informed him that some seats at the racetrack 
would be sold at $1.50 each, but said that he had been reassured. 

Upon being requested to tell something of his European trip, he 
briefly but engagingly related what he had accomplished across the sea 
and told of a couple of funny experiences on the ocean. He said that 
riders from England, Ireland, France, Germany and Belgium would come 
to America this year. He then read a list of western sanctioned meets 
and the dates assigned for them. Each of these meets will probably in- 
clude one or two invitation and international events, for which the $150 
prize limit will be set aside. The problem of forcing meet promoters to 
place re?l values upon such prizes as pianos, etc., will have to be dealt 
with later. 

The Western International Circuit. 

The following western meets have been sanctioned by the Racing 
Board: 

August 5-12, World's Fair tournament, Chicago. 

August 14-15, Milwaukee Wheelmen, Milwaukee. 

August 16-17, Wisconsin division meet, Ripon, Wis. 

August 19, Minneapolis Cycling Track Assn., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Auguft 22, Evansville Bicycle Club, Evansville, Ind. 

August 24, Zig Zag Cycle Club, Indianapolis, Ind. 

August 26, Cincinnati Century Cycling Club, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

August 28-29, Columbus Cycling Club, Columbus. 

August 30-31, Cleveland Wheel Club, Cleveland, Ohio. 

The last named dates will close the western circuit. Mr. Raymond 
left for home on Tuesday night and said he expected to have the eastern 
circuit completed by the end of this week. 



Parkside Track in Good Condition. 
Chairman Raymond was escorted to Parkside track on Tuesday morn- 
ing by Mr. Van Sicklen, so that he might see the surface material which 
may have to be used on the League track in case burnt clay should not be 
obtainable. The track was found in very fair condition. There seems 
to be nothing to hinder its use by riders, and it is a matter for regret that 
it cannot again be used for local races. It has settled fully four inches in 
places. 

Mr. Gideon Will Probably Accept. 
A report comes from the East that Mr. George D. Gideon will not 
accept a position on the Racing Board on account of his business. Chair- 
man Raymond said, while in Chicago, that when he first appointed Mr. 
Gideon that gentleman had replied that he did not think that he would 
have any time to devote to the Racing Board matters this year. "I have 
written him another letter," said Mr. Raymond, "and I think that he will 
accept." 

A 'Frisco Relay Race. 

A relay race around the bay — a distance of 100 miles — is the latest 
scheme of San Francisco cyclists. It is proposed that each club enter a 
team of ten men, which would make ten miles for each rider to negotiate. 
It is thought that the ride can be made in six hours. 



This Is News Indeed. 

James J. Corbett has been for several years an enthusiastic bicycle 
rider and never misses an opportunity to attend a race meet. At the ded- 
ication tournament in Chicago last fall, Corbett accepted an invitation to 
act as one of the judges. — Massillon (O.) Independent. 



THE BEARINGS. 



THEY WILL JOIN THE CASH PRIZE LEAGUE. 

"Pop" Worden is Told by Eastern Racing Men That They Will Enter 
he National Cyclists Association When the World's Fair Tourn- 
ament Closes. 

"If a good number of eastern racing men do not enter the ranks of the 
National Cyclists' Association after the close of the approaching season they 
area beautifullot of liars," said Mr. J. Minturn Worden last Saturday 
night. He had just arrived in Chicago, enroute to Minneapolis in the 
interest of the Remington Arms Co., and had come upon two Windy City 
wheelmen as they were sipping seltzer lemonades together. 

"I have been told by several well known riders that they will pass 
into the realm of cash prizes as soon as the Chicago tournament is over. 
They may be somewhat hasty in saying that, as it is quite possible that the 
Hartford, Springfield and some other big autumn meets will be more profi- 
table to them than the proposed races of the N. C. A., but I have certainly 
been told what I tell you." 

Mr. Wori'en then spoke of a severe "roast" which had been admin- 
istered to Peter J.Berloby a critic who also roasted Mr. Watts, of Ken- 
tucky and who, the friends of the roastees believe, worked on false prem- 
ises in both cases. "We all know," said Mr. Worden, "that Berlo's inter- 
est in racing has been centered in the prizes. He won't set pace and to 
those who don't know him he seems gruff in manner. For these charac- 
teristics he has been criticised freely, but the insinuation that he would 
throw a race is nothing less than libel. That is one thing he would not 
do. I will not say that Berlo has been too honest to refuse pay from man- 
ufacturers and others while riding as an amateur, but he is certainly too 
fond of winning to throw a race. I have ample reason to know this. He 
is a better ama+eur than some of the hypocrites who stand in better favor, 
and I am sorry to see him roasted. 

Berlo unfairly branded a foul rider. 

"Berlo has also been known as a foul rider. I think that impression 
originated at Hartford some time ago. Peter was always good at a finish- 
ing sprint and in a race at Hartford he beat Hoyland Smith for second or 
third place, I forget which, by a diagonal dash from a rear position acioss 
the tape. In making the effort his front wheel was lifted and so he unin- 
tentionally swerved. When he crossed the tape Aquila Rich was about 
fifteen feet behind him — after he had crossed the tape, mind you. Rich 
could not have beaten him, but Rich's trainer, W. B. Troy, yelled 'foul.' 
Rich also cried out. He and Troy protested. He was given Berlo's prize 
and Peter was unjustly branded a foul rider. Troy has not done chuckling 
over it yet. 

"Berlo forgets himself sometimes and rides very close to those in froi.t 
of him, but in such cases the danger is his own. He fouls himself. But I 
tell you he fears danger as much as any one when he sees it, and this talk 
about his dare-devil roughnesj on the track is bosh. Let another rider 
swerve toward him and you will hear him yell immediately. 

"One reason why Berlo is misunderstood — and mistreated — is because 
he is not 'smooth.' Two years ago, in the rotunda of a Peoria hotel, he 
openly offered to sell a tandem which he had won. The smooth fellows 
were up in the parlor, selling their prizes quietly. I saw the long green 
myself. They afterwards laughed at Peter. His lack of smoothness 
enabled a manufacturer, whom I will not name, to swindle him. The 
manufacturer had promised him $500 for certain track work but only 
paid bim $25. What could he do?" 

"Pop'' relates odd experiences. 

Asked concerning his own intentions for the season, Mr. Worden said: 
"I am afraid it would be useless for me to race again. I am too old to 
compete with the young fellows; but there is nothing I would like better. 
I am in love with the athletic life and would start in training now if I 
thought there would be any use in it. Yes, I like out-door life. I remem- 
ber the time when I had a sort of roving commission from the Victor people 
to introduce their safety when it was first produced. I rode their wheel all 
through New England and away up into the Maine woods. Many a hospit- 
able cup of milk I've taken from the hands of country people who had 
nev^r .seen a bicycle of any kind. 

"I wandered about in the West, too — in the Indian Territory, Kansas 
and Nebraska. I slept under the open sky for the first time in the latter 
state. In the summer the ground is very dry there and I often found a 
layer of brown dust several inches thick, so there was no danger of catch- 
ing rheumatism. I found myself a good ways from any habitation one 
night and concluded to try camping out. I carried a multum in parvo 
bag on the frame and a rolled blanket, etc., on the handle bar. Lifting my 
wheel over a fence, I made all cozy and 'retired.' I slept half an hour and 
awoke. The noises of the night were strange to me and the longer I lay 
there the more acute my senses became. Then imagination got in its 
deadly work. I thought of wild animals and fancied bugs crawling into 
my ears. I could not stand it and so got up and rode on until I became 
utterly tired and disgusted. Then I tried to sleep again and awoke at 
dawn." 

Then Mr. Worden sucked the succulent cherry and strolled up to the 
Palmer House, probably unconcious of the fact that he had talked for pub- 
lication. 

How Terront Beat Corre. 
The 621 mile race between the two French professionals, Terront and 
Corre, at Paris, France, was hotly contested. For thirteen hours the two 
were neck and neck. Soon afterwards Corre was forced to alight, losing 
two laps thereby. He tried hard to regain the lost distance but soon 
wearied and had to stop again. When he remounted his rival was sixteen 
laps ahead of him. Two more forced dismounts caused him to lose more 
ground. At the end of twenty-six hours Terront had ridden 419 miles 
without a stop, while Corre had but 415 miles to his credit. The latter 
soon afterwards became fatigued and Terront finished the 621 miles in 
41:58:52 4-5, Corre being five and three quarter miles behind. 



GEROULD LIKED IN NEW YORK. 



If Gerould and Perkins Contest for the Presidency the Illinois Man Will 
Win — Wealth of the N. C. A.— The West to Have the First Races. 



New York, March 13. — The cash prize league looks very strong. Its 
officials, while still maintaining the silence which has characterized their 
movements since the first announcement was made that such an organizi- 
tion was contemplated, will not deny the rumors that come from authorita- 
tive sources that the a.=sociation has good financial backing, and they will 
maintain a high standard of professionalism. President Byrne is one of 
the most enthusiastic supporters of the new association. He gave up an 
important and honored position on one of the base ball committee'^ in 
order to devote all his time and energies not taken by the Brooklyn Ball 
Club to the N. C. A. To a Be.\rings man President Byrne anno-inced that 
he is confident that the new association has a big field to cover and efforis 
will be made to cover it in a thoroughly efficient manner. The racing will 
be conducted, he says, upon a legitimate basis, and the rules of the new 
association will be so strong that the slightest suspicion of wrong doing 
upon the part of any rider, no matter how prominent, will result in sum- 
mary suspension. 

The N. C. A. is not to be governed by base ball men. as some people 
suppose. It is true that the races will be held at the hall parks, but the 
leading base-ball clubs are not identified with the association. 

It is thought that in the course of aweekor ten days a schedule of tourn- 
aments will be arranged. The initial races will likely be held in the We^-t 
during the latter part of May or early in June as the ball clubs will be E ist 
at that time. 

F. W. Gerould Favored for L. A. W. President. 

The New York cycling public are paying little heed to the presidential 
gossip that is now going the rounds, but if an issue should be made two 
years hence between Messrs. Gerould of Illinois and Perkins, of Massachu- 
setts, it is the undivided opinion that Mr. Gerould could command all the 
votes in this section. For some unknown reason Mr. Perkins is not pop- 
ular in this section and it is thought that in the event of his becoming a 
candidate for president he would be overwhelmingly defeated. 



Plans of the N. C. A. 
At New York, March 10, the N. C. A. promoters completed the details 
of their organization. A guarantee fund of $25,000 is to be established by 
withholding ten per cent from race meeting receipts, the other 90 per cent 
to be retained by home clubs, who will furnish the prizes and fix their own 
admission fees — twenty-five cents to be the minimum. Payment of prizes 
is guaranteed by the national organization. There will be no betting or 
pool selling, and clubs admitting ineligible racing men will forfeit their 
franchises. Track conspiracy means expulsion. Trainers and racers will 
be licensed. The governing board will arrange national championships, 
and offer prizes for such races and for record break'ng. Racers cannot 
compete on outside tracks without permission of the governing board. 
Riders must wear registered colors. The season will open in June and close 
in October. The schedule committee: P. T. Powers, New York; C. Von 
Der Abe, St. Louis; and J. S. Franklin, Buffilo. 

The Cracks at Savannah. 

Savannah, Ga., March 10. — Zimmerman will stay here until he sails 
for England. The shell roads around the city are the finest in the state 
and the champion is training hard on them. He is thinking of making a 
short visit to Birmingham, 75 miles distant. The kodak fiends have been 
at work and numerous pictures of Zimmerman, training on the cement 
track, are floating around town. There is just one fault to be found with 
the track, says Arthur A. — it's banked too high. 

J. Jay Ross. Ames & Frost's traveler, has arranged a match between 
Harry C. Wheeler and Isaac Baird, the Charleston crack who won so 
many of the races at the recent meet. Baird has beaten Wheeler when 
the latter was out of condition, and the races between the two will be 
interesting. Wheeler is training hard and is said to have done five miles 
recently in ve y fast time. There will be a one, two and five mile event, 
to be run the first week in April, at the next meet of the Savannah Wheel- 
men. 

Sanger & Co. 
The name of Sanger, on this side, [England] irresistibly suggests 
circus performances; we trust there is nothing of the hippodrome business 
about the contemplated invasion by Walter Sanger, P. Sercombe & Co., of 
this championship-losing country later on. From what we hear, there may 
be Sercombe-stances which will prevent this quondam challenger of Zim- 
merman from competing here. — The Wheeler. 



Probable Starters in Cuca Cup Race. 
As thi I'st now stands the probable competitors in the English Cuca 
Cup twenty-four hour race are: F. W. Shorland. J. M. James, J. F. Walsh, 
A. Brundrett, M. A. Holbein. D. A. Lacaille, S. G. Peat, F. T. Bidlake, 
C. Grant, S. D. Begbie, F. E. Spooner, Frank Waller, J. G. Soames, 
H. V. Binns, T. A. Edge, J. Pundt, F. Gilsdorf, C. Lucas, J. H. Corker and 
J. H. Adams. Germany and France will be represented. 



For the Minneapo'.is Summer Carnival. 
The business men of Minneapolis have appointed Chief Consul A. B. 
Choate, E. F. Smith and A. E. Halbrook to arrange for a cycling tourna- 
ment in connection with the summer carnival. Seven thousand dollars 
may be spent for a fine three-lap board track and prizes. The boards in 
the track are to be 2x6 inches, tongued, grooved and laid lengthwise. 
J. S. Johnson, who is in Hot Springs with Eck — as the guest of Col. West, 
the Minneapolis hotel man, Mr. Eck says — may finish his training on the 
new track. 



THE BEARINGS. 



LONDON LETTER. 



The Heme Hill Surface. 



London, March 3. — You have already heard all about the intended new 
surface of pitch pine battens at Heme Hill. It is said it will not onlj' 
prove faster than cement, whilst being less dangerous to fall upon, but 
that light racing tires will suffer less from wear. The first great race 
meeting booked for Heme Hill is that of the Catford C. C. on May 6, by 
which date the new track will be completed. Then we shall know all 
about its qualities. In the meantime, if these lath tracks are to become 
general, riders will have to abandon their Edwards corrugated covers and 
return to the smooth tire. Kensal Rise track is about to be cemented. It 
is a well made three-lap track, but has never become popular since its open- 
ing, owing probably to its situation. Mr. Gumprecht, whose asphalted track 
at High Beech, Epping Forest, was largely used by East London clubs 
last summer, is putting up a twenty-five-guinea challenge cup for competi- 
tioa. 

Osmond, as a Racer, Non Est. 

Osmond, whose former trouble with his knee has recently returned, 
owing to a fall, has decided to visit America in April to attend to business 
at the Chicago Exhibition, where Whitworths will be found. It is stated 
to be his intention to meet Zimmerman when the latter returns from Eng- 
land. Setting aside hopes and wishes, I shall be surprised if Osmond and 
Zimmerman meet on the path during the present year. I believe Osmond's 
career as a racer has closed. 

How Terront and Corre Rode. 

Considerable attention has been directed to the remarkable perform- 
ances recently accomplished by Terront and Corre in Paris. The former 
was challenged by the latter to ride 1,000 kilometers on the track of the 
Palace of Machines. Terront won in forty-one hours, being some six 
miles ahead of Corre. Terront did not dismount during the first twenty- 
six hours (419 miles) — a most startling performance in itself. Immense 
enthusiasm was manifested by the spectators. Corre fed on chops, fowls 
and hard boiled eggs, but Terront stuck to beef tea and cocoa wine, with 
caffeine, to ward off sleep. The latter also had his clothes lined with paper 
to keep out the cold, from which Corre suffered severely. 

A flourishing London club, the Anerly C. C, announces amongst its 
fixtures for the opening season, a hundred-mile race on the road by night. 

The proposition to license racing men at half a crown per year will be 
accepted or rejected on March 24. If passed, the trade amateur will be 
labelled but not entirely boycotted from the path — indeed, it is anticipated 
by some that he will be permitted to compete in the championships. 

C. W. Hartung. 

Baltimoreans See a Spook. 

Baltimore, March 10. — Wonderful tales are reaching the city about a 
spook rider on the Frederick road. Many people near Catonsville say 
that at night on the road they have been passed by a skeleton on an ordi- 
nary bicycle. The phantom is always spurting hard as though trying to 
escape from someone. The ghostlike head is turned as though looking 
over the handle bars. The specter's passage is followed by a damp and 
mysteriously chilling gust of wind. This story is told by a number of 
persons, who all agree as to the appearance of the ghost. It is said that 
the colored folks in the neighborhood have become so superstitious that 
they will not venture out at night. Some of the wheelmen here have 
asserted that as soon as the roads got better they would investigate. Some 
years ago a cyclist riding an ordinary wheel was waylaid and murdered 
near where the apparition is seen. The two are, of course, connected. 

The Maryland Century Club, which will soon be formed, shows indi- 
cations of success. It is for the encouragement of long distance riding. 

The Maryland Club on one side, and all the other clubs of the city on 
the other, are before Chairman Raymond begging the international date. 
Everybody thinks it will be a good thing financially and everybody wants 
it. The Maryland Club outstripped the others by getting in its bid first. 
The amalgamation of the racing interests of the clubs seems a dead sure 
"go." The meeting to that end will .soon be held. 

Handicapper Mullikin, of Bliss-Murphy fame, will resign. He has 
been a hard worker in the position. His son, W. H. Mullikin, is having a 
sixteen pound Humber racer built to replace the one destroyed by the 
railroads while in transit to the races in Buffalo, last August. 



Kansas City Will Hold a Race Meet. 
Kansas City, Mo., March 10. — Arrangements for a race meeting to be 
held' here on Decoration Day are being made. A dozen of our men will 
go into active training shortly. Street and road improvements are going 
on apace. Several miles of paving within the city limits have been con- 
tracted for and the spring and early summer will see most of the work 
accomplished. 

The "310" Road Race. 
Detroit, March 4. — Mr. Hilsendegen has plans already in operation for 
his annual ''310" road race. Last year 15,000 spectators watched the race 
through one of the heaviest rain storms of the year, and the coming race 
will undoubtedly draw a much larger crowd. Already ten fine pneumatics 
have been donated as prizes, and they are but the "skirmishing line." 



Baltimore's New Track. 
Baltimore, March 10. — Baltimore's new half mile track will be surveyed 
during the coming week and work will begin immediately on the track 
proper. The National Cycle and Athletic Association is the name of the 
organization that will run it. The grounds will be on the Pimlico road, 
about three quarters of a mile further from the city than the present track, 
of which it will be a competitor. One of the features of the track will be a 
fine club house at which a buffet and every other convenience will be on 
hand. 



CLEVELAND TO HAVE A FINE TRACK AND 
CLUB HOUSE. 

President Skinkle Tells of the Good Luck of the Cleveland Wheel Club. 



Without wishing to detract from the credit of Cleveland, Ohio, it must 
be said that the residence there of W. A. Skinkle, ex-president of the Chi- 
cago Cycling Club, brings to mind the fact that a general awakening often 
follows the advent of a Chicagoan anywhere. 

Cleveland is to have a quarter mile cycling track. It is to be built at 
Newburg, 4^ miles from the center of Cleveland, by Newburg land owners 
who approached the Cleveland Wheel Club in the matter. The club is to 
bear no responsibility whatever. The track will be built within a half-mile 
horse track. A surface of sand and clay, which dries quickly after the 
heaviest rains, will be used, the mixture being a natural one procurable on 
the grounds. The width of the track will be 28 feet on home stretch and 
turns and 20 feet on the back stretch. Work is to begin immediately and 
the club may be able to use the track for its Decoration Day races. 

The club has just signed a five year lease at $1,650 per year, for a fine 
three story house which is now being built on Huron street, between Erie 
and Euclid avenues, within a quarter of a mile of the present quarters and 
nearly four blocks from the Hollenden Hotel. The building will be 50 by 
80 feet; the basement will contain a wheel room and bowling alley, and on 
the third floor will be a large convention hall. Mr. Skinkle said: "I 
believe that after allowing for current expenses, including a thousand 
dollar annual entertainment fund, the club can save $5,000 dollars in five 
years and then construct a new home of its own. Sixteen members were 
admitted two weeks ago, seven more were added last week and there were 
38 applications on the board when I left Cleveland on Saturday. This is 
due to the club house and track and the growth of cycling generally." 



The new Racing Board consists of H. E. Raymond, Brooklyn, chair- 
man; L. E. Miller, Meriden, Ct., Geo. D. Gideon, Philadelphia, W. W. 
Watts, Louisville, and J. M. Erwin, Chicago. Reduced from seven to five 
members. 

It is reported that Mr. J. L. Yost, of the Yost Mfg. Co., Toledo, is 
much interested in the plan for constructing a cycle track in that city — or 
rather in the suburb called Yostville, a short distance from the city. 



W. A. Pixley, of Omaha, who was at one time quite a flyer, has an- 
nounced himself in favor of cash prizes, and says that if he races again it 
will be for the N. C. A. 



Kaufman is said to have made a match with Marschner, the German 
trick rider, staking two to one and giving his opponent choice of ma- 
chines. 

Arthur Lumsden says: "I may finish my work on the road by June i. 
If I can then prepare for racing without injuring my business I think I will 
do so." 

Hazelton, Pa., is to have a track. Mr. A. B. Celiax, city engineer, is 
interested in the matter and favors a pear-shaped track. 



It is rumored that Shorland will attempt the Land's End-to-john o'- 
Groat's record some time this year. 



Gunliard, a 15 year old boy, will try for the French unicycle records 
on a geared unicycle. 

Lawrence Fletcher, one of England'slong distance riders, has removed 
to Africa. 




How Some "Riders" get Hump-backed. 



THE BEARIN(J^S. 




^9^4 




filtered at tfie Chicago Post Office as Second Class matter. 

PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY BY 

THE BEARINGS PUBLISHING CO. 

Rooms 335-336 Manhattan Building, 307-331 Dearborn St., CHICAGO 

L. J. BERGER, Editor. =. - - . CHARLES A. COX, Illustrator. 

N. H. VAN SICKLEN, President and Business flanager. 



Foreign Representative, "CYCLING," 27 Bouverie Street, Fleet Street, London, E. C. 

SUBSCRIPTIONS : 

One YEAR . - - $2,00 I SIX MONTHS ... $1.00 

SIX WEEKS (thial) - - 25C. 

Advertising Rates on Application. 

Copy for Advertisenaents must be in hand not later than Monday, to insure attention 
for the following issue. 

All manuscript intended lor publication should be in hand not later than Monday 
morning and sliould be addressed to The Editor. Write plainly, on one side of the 
pap^r only. All communications should be signed by the writer's name, altliough not 
necessary for publication. Unpublished manuscript and sketches will be returned only 
when accompanied by postage to cover the same. 

All checks and postal notes for advertising or subscriptions must be made to the 
order of The Bearings Publishing Co. 



OUR POLICY. 

A journal devoted exclusively to the cycle trade forms a medium be- 
tween nianufacturer and dealer. The Bearings occupies a broader field. 
It is the rider's paper and is conducted upon the theory that a medium 
between manufacturer and dealer and between these and the rider is most 
valuable to all concerned. Results have proved the correctness of our 
theory, faithful adherence to which has placed our circulation — trade and 
general — far above that of any other independent cycling journal. 



CONTRIBUTIONS TO "GOOD ROADS." 



If it be true that war is the parent of all good things, there is certainly 
a bright future for the League, for the air is full of the smoke of battles and 
skirmishes just over and the signs of approaching strife in various quarters. 
We are having a regular howdedo. 

The financial condition of Good Roads is the point Massachusetts 
members are vigorously acting upon. At the division board meeting in 
Boston, March 8, the following resolution was adopted: 

Resolved, that whereas, the reports as made at the meeting of the National Assembly 
in Philadelphia in regard to the financial standing of the L. A. W. concerning the publi- 
cation of Good Roads is misleading and not generally understood, the Massachusetts 
divisio I, by its board of officers, i"espectfully request the Executive Committee to make 
known at an early day, through the official organ, the e.xact financial condition and 
standingof the L. A. W. with reference to said publication from the time of its first issue 
to the time of the last National Assembly, said Executive Committee being requested to 
state fully and in detail what, if any, sums had been contributed towards the publication 
of said Good Roads, and whether or not said paper is self-supporting. 

We are sorry to have to support the above resolution. In doing so we 
earnestly believe we act in behalf of a great number of League members. 
In this connection we refer to Mr. Potter's call for contributions to the 
Good Roads Bureau. That bureau and its finances are not in Mr. Potter's 
control and he is not directly responsible to the League at large for the 
condition of either; but somebody is directly responsible and that some- 
body is doing Mr. Potter and the League a rank injustice by making the 
call for charitable contributions through the editor of Good Roads. 

John Jones obtains from you a certain sum of money; he borrows more, 
and more, and more. Then he makes a cat's-paw of John Smith by send- 
ing him around to say to you that the money you have advanced has gone 
— simply gone — and to ask you for more. And of course you feel very 
much inclined to grant the request ! 

We do not quite recommend that League members refuse to respond to 
Mr. Potter's appeal. They have a right to know more than they do know, 
but that does not alter the fact that the publishing of Good Roads is the 
most praiseworthy work ever undertaken by any body of men in connec- 
tion with the great road movement. Good Roads is the entering wedge 
which has clearly opened up the true situation of this country in the 
matter of highways. All that has been said or may be said to the effect 
that money spent upon the magazine might have been used more advan- 
tageously, we will always regard as short-sighted. Good Roads has been 
the medium through which statesmen have communicated their views 
upon the great question to thousands of daily papers and periodicals and, 
by those means, to the minds of the people. The question is now 



strongly before the people. The able editor of Good Roads has put it 
there and he and his works must and surely will be supported by the 

League. 

There are sniffling people who have cjuerulously said that Mr. Potter 
is over-burdened with salary. There is one cycling editor who has, accord- 
ing to the admission of his New York representative, refused to publish 
anything creditable to Mr. Potter, and who seems for some inscrutable 
reason to favor a policy of misrepresentation toward that gentleman. 

Let these people sniffle and misrepresent. Let Massachusetts fight for 
a financial statement which certainly should be made. Help them, if you 
will. Delay your contributions to Good Roads if you strongly disbe- 
lieve in throwing good money after bad. But do not allow the inestimable 
value of the publication and its editor to fade from your mind. 

It was the opportunity. He was the man. 



'THE BICYCLE ACT." 



Honorable Jonathan Stone, of Revere, Massachusetts, is carrying 
around a little hatchet for wheelmen. He has exhibited the instrument upon 
three occasions and there is no doubting the fact that it has a good sharp 
edge. 

The Massachusetts committee on roads and bridges gave a hearing on 
March 8 to persons interested in the proposed act to improve the highways 
of the commonwealth, and so much of the Governor's message as relates 
thereto. After a number of well known people had spoken in favor of the 
act, the Honorable Jonathan arose in his might and smote right and left 
with every appearance of righteous indignation. "The Governor," he 
said in effect, "recommends this commission because bethinks it is a 
popular idea. The Governor means well, but he don't know." He con- 
tinued: 

This whole movement is started and carried on by the League of American Wheel- 
men, and you have been told how numerous they are. Bac ; of them are a lot of engi- 
neers who are looking for a place on the commiision. The bill, if passed, should be called 
by its proper name," the bicycle act." When the people come to look into this bill they 
would begin to query why such a burden was placed upon them by the Legislature. The 
Legislature would have to sit through the entire year to hear the people on the recom- 
mendations of the commission. I believe that your act, if placed before the supreme 
court, would be declared unconstitutional. If this act had been in vogue before we had 
railroad.s, it would be more to the point than now. The city of Boston would object to the 
law when they saw its workings, and ask that it be annulled. 

Last year tliey got the entering wedge in, a $10,000 appropriation and a commission 
appointed, two of whom are wheelmen. This commission went off on a junketing expedi- 
tion and spent tbe $10,000. They could have told you all they did sitting right here in this 
room. Tlie commission would favor roads where wheelmen want to go, to the detriment 
of the other highwaysof the commonwealth. The question is whether it is right and just to 
tax people where th • benefits are so remote. They tell the countrymen that Boston will 
pay the bills for good roads in Berkshire and the Cape, and, of course, you can find men 
who will favor such a bill. They have never found a corporate city or town that would 
favor such a bill as this. This matter should go slow, as it is a most serious matter. 

No one has come here to advocate this bill but wheelmen and engineers, a very sig- 
nificant fact to my mind. Not a farmer has come here to advocate the bill. These young 
men are thoughtless in advocating a burden on tlie state. 

Just how much the Honorable Jonathan knows about the character- 
istics of Chief Consul Perkins we are not informed. If it is true that, after 
having promised Colonel Burdett his support early in 1892, he wrote to 
another member of the Executive Committee with a view of placing him- 
self in the field as a candidate f»r the L. A. W. presidency, it is not far out 
ofthewayto guess that he would work for G. A. Perkins in other direc- 
tions. Still, the Honorable Jonathan's kicking is probably due to the 
simple fact that he is a kicker. He has a worthy adversary, for George 
Alexander Perkins is something of a kicker himself. 



"THE COMMITTEE ON P OLITICAL ACTION." 

We do not know whether the unusual political strength of the Associ- 
ated Cycling Clubs of Philadelphia is due to the possession of a ten-thou- 
sand-dollar-beauty committee on political action, or whether the Phila- 
delphians use that simple and time-honored tonic known as the "git thar 
system." We suspect that it is the latter. 

We earnestly wish that the good which can be done for cycling by 
exhibiting the political power of wheelmen might be soon understood and 
acted upon. What are associations of clubs for? Surely they have some 
more serious ultimate purpose than mere association. Two parsnips tied 
with a string are associated, but their usefulness is not particularly im- 
proved thereby. They remain mere vegetables and, unless they encounter 
the activity of the boiling-pot, eventually shrivel with dry rot. 

The institution known as the "Associated Cycling Clubs" exists in 
various cities as the natural result of necessity. It controls or was born to 
control certain branches of the general cycling movement which the L. A. 
W. instinctively avoids. The latter works in a national field. The Asso- 
ciated Clubs' mission is plainly to improve local cycling strength and give 
it publicity. Strangely, however, this institution, which is now several 
years old, has not yet thrown off its swaddling clothes nor discovered 
what it is really here for. This was exemplified a few nights ago 
in Chicago. The party politics of this city are so unpleasantly 
oderiferous that the newspapers had started a movement to nomi- 



THE BEARINGS. 



nate a non-partisan mayoral candidate. Ballot blanks were 
printed in all the newspapers last week and the people were 
invited to express their choice. Not knowing that the balloting period 
closed the next day, an outsider suggested to the meeting on Thursday of 
last week that the non-partisan movement placed in the reach of the Asso- 
ciated Clubs an opportunity to render themselves and cycling in general a 
very distinct service by collecting wheelmen's ballots, counting them and, 
through the daily press, holding up the aggregate figure before the public 
eye. 

And how do you think the suggestion was received? One delegate 
decried the discussion of politics and seemed to regard the subject as too 
strange for ordinary, decent people to grapple with. Another arose and 
asked: " Why should we bother with it? We have a committee on polit- 
ical action to refer such matters to." 

Yes, gentlemen, you have a committee on political action. You should 
lodge it in a glass case and exhibit it conspicuously — for it is a " beaut." 



TO THE RACING BOARD. 



As long as The Bearings is able to do so, it will make matters un- 
comfortable for any officer of the L,eague who uses his official position for 
private purposes. 

Mr. J. M. Erwin, Chicago member of the Racing Board, is now doing 
that thing, if we may judge by a report which appeared last Wednesday in 
the Record, of Chicago, to the effect that the Peoria Bicycle Club 
had sent word on Tuesday relinquishing the dates assigned to it in the west- 
ern international circuit. Mr. Erwin's quality, if not quantity, of judg- 
ment seems to be a most peculiar thing. In another column it will be 
seen that, concerning his report of a recent caucus of individuals, he ad- 
mitted his belief that two members of the cycling press were actuated in 
what they said during that caucus by their business connections! But 
this is not all. This unique young gentleman is reported — reliably, we 
believe — to have stated to Chairman Raymond that if he could not use 
his position on the Racing Board for the purpose of promptly communi- 
cating news to the daily paper by which he is employed, he would not be 
fulfilling his duty to his paper! 

Wanted — a Chicago Racing Board member whose work will not be en- 
cumbered with outside business or personal influences and who can 
properly comprehend the meaning of the term "official duty." 



TROUBLE IN THE ITALIAN QUARTER. 

Where tramped the Roman legions now roll the air-shod chariots of 
the nineteenth century. Cycling flourishes in fair Italia. In vulgar Eng- 
lish, the wheel is raising a devil of a rumpus down there in the Italian 
quarter of Europe, and these are the reasons: 

The mayor of the ancient city of Florence, with the assistance of some 
friends, recently cajoled the boodle aldermen of his council to pass a 
measure permitting the use of sidewalks in all parts of the city, by the 
riders not only of bicycles but of all sorts of cycles. Happy Florentines! 

The mayor of Terni is of contrary mind. Cycling gives him a great 
pain. He induced his council to pass an ordinance limiting the use of 
cycles on the public boulevards to the morning hours. His law is inef- 
fective and the wheelmen cruelly continue to ride on all the boulevards at 
their pleasure. The feelings of the mayor of Terni are outraged. He 
threatens to resign. 

We beg to tender the Terni gentleman assurances of our sympathetic 
consideration and to remind him that every canine has his day. He may 
never succeed in making his obnoxious ideas effective, but when cycling 
has assimilated and profited by the advertisement of all this turmoil it 
may have progressed so far that the mayor of Florence and his chums will 
be forced to come off the sidewalks, and that may be a crumb of comfort 
for the snubbed mayor of Terni. 



'AR JAY ■ ATTACKS THE PUSH 



"Ar Jay" Mecredy's paper, the Irish Cyclist, has been keenly study- 
ing American matters of late. It has discovered an "organization" named 
the Chicago Push. This organization, it says, steals spoons, rugs 
and other goods and chatties; its members wear a distinctive emblem and 
"some firms have refused to have anything to do in the way of business 
with any man wearing the badge of the obnoxious association." The I. 
C. builds up a colossal imaginary thing and then dances a hoe-down upon 
its frame in the most vigorous manner. We believe we know what our 
esteemed Hibernian contemporary is aiming at, but we trust American 
cycling writers, in commenting upon European subjects, approach closer 
to the detailed truth than "Ar Jay's" organ does in this case. Will the I. 
C. please paste this in its hat — we sincerely hope it is not the hat of the 
fair "Graphis" — and remember it well: The so-called "push" is an unor- 
ganized element that exists in Ireland, England, America and perhaps in 
other countries. Its qualities range all the way from wholesome frolic 



to nauseating vulgarity, and as Chicagoans are the most active people on 
earth — ahem! — to them has attached most of the glory and certainly all of 
the odium of the term "push " We have been hoping that all references 
to the "push" had been pushed into oblivion, but we bravely rise to defend 
our country against this cruel pelting of Irish asparagus. 

Come over'n see, Ar Jay. L,ave yer shillelah at home, and we'll warrant 
it's yersilf as'U say that Chicago contains as large a proportion of gentlemen 
as any city in the world, as well as the cleanest streets and sweetest 
river in — in Chicago. 

Mr. J. M. Erwin explains that in his report of the recent Chicago caucus, 
an unjust paragraph of which was reprinted by the official organ for its own 
purposes, he did not quote the editors of the Referee and this paper as 
favoring the use of Good Roads as the official organ. His report did read, 
"discontinuing the official organ and dispensing official League news 
through the medium of the regular cycling journals." The unjust effect, 
however, would not be changed by this correction. Mr. Erwin said that 
in making the report he regarded Messrs. Miles and Berger as having 
spoken as representatives of their journals 1 That caucus was a meeting of 
individuals. No man there had a right to speak as the representative of 
any business concern nor advance any arguments which were not sincerely 
his own. It is because Mr Erwin did not seem to recognize this fact and 
because he inferentially branded two individuals as mercenaries that his 
judgment has been criticised. The criticism stands. 



The crinoline craze grows in circumference. "Cleopatra," an 
English wheelwoman, writes to Wheeling that 13,000 women have signed 
the no-crinoline pledge. She anxiously fears the growth of the craze and 
says: "The question touches us more directly than it does women in 
general, for how shall we look with our neat, close-fitting skirts, in close 
proximity to those 'barrels,' if, as may be the case, we dismount and 
walk about a town?" 

Never mind, "Cleopatra." The "barrels" need never get the "bulge" 
on you. Dress as a shapely, sensible wheelwoman should and the men 
will cast their eyes your way. What more could any womanly woman 
ask? 

It is foolish to sympathize with any man who will fooliskly throw 
away his money and place the cycling fraternity in a false light by fight- 
ing laws which prohibit the use of road vehicles on sidewalks. Circum- 
stances alter sympathy, however. I,ast Sunday a wheelman was riding on 
a sidewalk alongside a nasty, sloppy boulevard, in an unfrequented part 
of Chicago. He saw a policeman, dismounted and walked. The police- 
man arrested him. If that wheelman ever gets an opportunity to adminis- 
ter a swift kick to that policeman, when the latter has not "got his uni- 
form on," here's wishing great power to the business end of his kicker. 



Mr. Josiah Jonson, of Toledo, is sixty-five years old and has never 
ridden a bicycle. People do not necessarily practice what they preach, 
however, and so Mr. Jonson has felt no bashful hesitancy about inventing 
a unicycle which, like some others of what may be called the Berlanger 
type, is over six feet high and is to be propelled by the weight of the rider, 
who is to sit within the circumference of the rim. Mr. Jonson has done 
nothing in the way of "pushing" his invention. He is wise. Why should 
an old man make his declining years miserable by rupturing himself? 



Chairman Raymond is receiving a lot of inquiries from racing men as 
to how they shall regard the new rules. In other words, they want to 
know where they are at and how they can get around the rules. These 
little matters will of course be left to the skill of the riders themselves. It 
may interest racing men to know that Mr. Raymond believes some of the 
best of them will have to "go" before the season is far along, unless their 
means of support are made far more visible to the naked eye than they 
were last year. 

To negotiate with the cash prize league with a view of getting from it 
the shekel-framed position of district handicapper is business. To 
abruptly shut off the deal and spurn the position when a membership on 
the Li. a. W. Racing Board is caught and securely nailed down is — let us 
say noble, for is it not casting aside lucre? But to be a Racing Board 
member and news-correspondent of the cash prize league organ at the 
same time is a decided and questionable novelty. 



We are constantly reminded of the greatness of the English cycling 
press by such important items as this: "Toby cracked up his old man 
somewhat both before and against the wind last Sunday. He was riding a 
front steerer." 

Let us hope that Toby's "old man," who surely must be a personage of 
national fame as he is so familiarly referred to, has now fully recovered 
from the disrespectful treatment. 

A report of the spring meeting of the Massachusetts division board, 
at Boston, March 8, reads: 

Mr. Perkins presented a verbal report, in which he * * * told of the favorable 
impression made upon the National Assembly by the large delegation which Massachu- 
setts sent to Pliiladelphia last month. 

Good! The man who does not believe in himself is not worth a tinker's 
boom-ta-ra-ra. 

" Complacently iron-willed," Mr. Luscomb, means a certain combi- 
nation of mental qualities. The term may be applied to a man who has a 
strong will without any fretting, bothersome knots in it. Men of this 
sort sometimes refuse to understand, but their complacency enables them 
to pass for wisdoTithat which, in others, would be called plain buUheaded- 
ness. A-r-rh ! Lend us a hammer, somebody. 



The "selfish cycling press" is having a peckful of fun with its foxy (?) 
denouncers just J now. 



THE BEARINGS. 



We wish, with "Mitchell," of Bi. World, that there might be more 
about roads, fields and hills in the columns of the cycling press. 
There is much that is disagreeable in the work of the general cycling writer 
these days. But the work must be done and done thoroughly. Here's 
hoping for ultimate pleasure and peace. 



The Executive Committee will probably have a conversation with the 
Wheelman Company, with a view of obtaining for the Racing Board per- 
mission to announce sanctioned race meets in all the cycling journals 
simultaneously. And the permission will probably not be granted. Why ? 
That contract. 

Pop Worden, the ancient racing man, believes his fellow racing men 
when they announce that they will join the N. C. A. While some of 
them may be serious, others will stick to the good L,. A. W. just as long as 
they can, consistently with earning a big little on the side — on the under 
side. 

It is cheering to know that the cash prize league will establish a guar- 
antee fund of $25,000 at once by setting aside ten per cent of the receipts 
of each race meeting. All that is necessary now is the race meetings with 
which to produce the aforesaid ten per cent. 



The negro question will solve itself, if wheelmen choose to let it alone — 
which they won't. If negro wheelmen were numerous enough to organize 
independently they would have none of the L. A. W. They would natur- 
ally want to become a law unto themselves. 



If Chief Consul Perkins becomes an openly avowed candidate for the 
L. A. W. presidency two years hence he will get all that he can expect — 
all that he desires, perhaps — a jolly fight. The spanking he will get — aber 
das ist ein fable of quite a different complexion. 



The favor with which the wheel is regarded in European armies, the 
Swiss army in particular, is indicated by the establishment of the first 
school for military cyclists at Berne, which cost Switzerland $14,000. It 
contains 240 recruits. 

There are 2,223 members in the Associated Clubs of Chicago. Their 
voting power should be given publicity whenever possible. The Associ- 
ciated Clubs are said to have a committee on political action. 



"I have been a delegate for over a year, and this is my first attend- 
ance," said a club representative at the Chicago Associated Clubs' meet- 
ing, last week, "that man's club needs a new delegate. 



A dteam come true ! German road inspectors are to be mounted on 
wheels. What old rider has not declared: "If inspectors had to ride 
bicycles over roads like this they would discover more holes." 

We are informed that Mr. J. D. Barnitz, editor of the Cycle Guide, of 
Philadelphia, not only does most of the copy-grinding for his paper but 
also sets the type. Mr. Barnitz deserves to succeed. 



Wanted — a strong radical element in the L. A. W. Executive Commit- 
tee a year hence, to help President Burdett throw more light on certain 
matters during the second year of his term. 



Yes, full addresses of Century Road Club applicants will be published, 
and any formal contract which may be made will always be open for 
inspection. 

There is something between the League and the Good Roads bureau 
which needs explaining — and we could prove it if old Bill Jones were alive. 



In sending for those rubber button emblems advertised by Secretary 
Bassett, at one cent each, be sure to "send cash with order." 



Soon Reuben Hayseed will climb into his Diogenical tub and, as he 
floats, cry down the world for having such bad roads. 



There is a well defined impression among wheelmen that the wheel 
base of the new postage stamp is entirely too long. 



Will the decrepit official organ kindly use its ear trumpet a moment? 
We want to inform it that class B is dead — dead. 



Flannels are much better to wear than pneumonia. Pneumatics, prop- 
erly used, are better than either. 

Let us mow proceed to make life miserable for the next Racing Board. 



Are you aware of the fact that The Bearings is setting the pace? 



Cycling in Venic t is naturally subject to great disadvantages. 



IMPRESSIONS OF AN E VERY-DAY MAN. 

The papers are teeming with "odes to spring," the sun is trying to do 
his duty, and the cycling drummer is springing the same old tale of 
outputs sold. Therefore, although the wind is still cold and the snow and 
ice still with us, we know that spring is at the door. It will not be long 
now until the scribe will find plenty to write about without cudgeling his 
brains for material, but at present there is a dearth of news bicycular. 
The Cycling Board of Trade is an established thing and ought to be of 
great value to the trade; Mother Hubbard "pants" are beginning to ap- 
pear; the cycling contingent is going to have a lunch club and a local 
racing association; William Twinkle (that was) will be a member of the 
National Racing Board; there are two new candidates for public favor on 
Cycle Row and Spooaer has stopped smoking. So much for news. 

B. B. Ayers came into my office the other day and brought with him 
all that breezy eclai and fun which made him famous something less than 
a decade ago. He does not look an hour older than in the days when he 
was the power behind the throne in western League affairs, and he told me 
that he still rode a bicycle, which shares his affections with the pipe 
organ, piano and typewriter which were once historic. I wonder if it is 
the same old D. F. N. Ayers, J. O. Blake andL. W. Conkling were a team 
a few years ago and they have not been matched in the matter of executive 
ability and wire pulling by any who have taken their places. 

Had the League Fewer Martinets 
and society favorites at its head and more keen, long-headed 
workers like the above mentioned trio on its executive board 
there would be a mighty improvement in its management and 
policy. I have often wished that Ayers and the other two would get 
together and collaborate a series of articles on old timers and old-time 
methods. Perhaps I ought to add a fourth to the trio and include that 
ancient and honorable battle charger, N. H. Van Sicklen. I am satisfied 
that the four could write some decidedly interesting memoirs of early west- 
ern cycling experiences. Talking with Mr. Blake the other day I asked him 
some questions regarding a certain old time "deal" and he became 
reminiscent. We indulged in a very pleasant discussion after the manner 
of gray headed and time spotted mankind since time was, regarding the 
merits, physical and personal, of the men who were once famous, but who 
have been forgotten except by those who like ourselves, knew and admired 
them in the halcyon days of youth and enthusiasm. Mering, Philbrick, 
Hammel, Valentine, Knapp, Brooks and a score of others well known in 
the 8o's on the path; Brown, Vowel, Haywood, Bennett and many more 
who had a hand in the running of affairs have passed, as it were, out of the 
world of cycling and their places have been filled by others — in many 
cases not nearly so enthusiastic or capable. In the early days of my indi- 
vidual cycling experience I was much better acquainted with the western 
than with the eastern contingent, but I can remember many splendid fel- 
lows in the East who have dropped out of sight and I am satisfied that 
their retirement is not altogether to the advantage of the sport. W. S. 
Bull, N. Mahlon, Beokwith, "President" Bates, Gideon Haynes, Charles 
Da vol, Henry Duckerand many more could well be used in place of some 
now prominent in League affairs, and I mind me of many an old-time racing 
man who was in my day a bright and shining light on path 
and road, whose name would sound strange and unfamiliar to the 
Generation of Hump-backed Dinky Riders of the Present Age. 
I presume it is the same old prejudice that makes those who grow old 
look back to their earlier years with the glamor which youth always casts 
along the vistas of time, but to me it seems as though the fraternity, the 
good fellowship and the absolute love of the sport have degenerated since 
I was a boy. The "push" and kindred combinations have not and can- 
not interest the world nor defend the sport, as did those who witnessed its 
birth — men who worked for their fad for the very love of it and who de- 
voted time, money and energy for its welfare without hope of gain. It is 
according to the eternal fitness of things, that the old be replaced bj* the 
new, but there are lots of old timers left yet who are still hand in hand 
with progress and I sincerely wish that more of them would let their light 
so shine before men that all might know they were with us still. 

BOIvAV. 



A Cure for Cinder Rash. 

A racing man dreads a fall on a cinder path, for it often leaves scars 
which, through ignorant treatment, are carried to the grave. Cycle Rec- 
ord gives the following recipe as a cure for cinder rash: Immediately after 
the fall, well sponge the wounds with soap and water, then soak in soft 
water sufficient cotton wool to cover the cuts: Over this place a very thin 
piece of pure rubber, and then form a bandage over the whole with two or 
three layers of flannel. The rubber must completely cover the cotton 
wool, and together with it, should be renewed every two or three hours 
until every trace of the rash has vanished. 



CHAFF. 
Jesse Peck, of Chico, Cal., is 6 feet 8 inches in height and an active 
cyclist. 

The Lynn (Mass.) Cycle Co., suffered a loss of $10,000 by fire last Sun- 
day night. Insured for $6,000. 

Colonel Burdett, it is said, has formed a partnership with two lawyers 
in New York, and will probably reside in that city hereafter. 

Allen and Sachtleben struck a "norther" near Eastland, Texas, March 
3. At that place they were behind time on account of broken wheels. 
They declared Texas roads bad. 

A smart English rider has discovered utility in the poetic (!) rise and 
fall of the cycle saddle. He proposes to use the motion for compressing 
air with which to sound the alarm, apply the brake or inflate the tires. 

"Wait till 'Zimmy' gets back from England," will be the cry, should 
Osmond develop rare speed over here. If Zimmerman is spared from the 
maw of the N. C. A. long enough this celebrated twain may measure 
speed at Springfield. 

The theft of bicycle lamps has increased so alarmingly in England that 
one manufacturer is numbering his lamps. When one is stolen the number 
is reported and $25 reward offered for the recovery of the lantern and con- 
viction of the thief. 

A very objectionable Oregan road law of long standing has been so 
amended that hereafter cyclists will not have to alight and bring their 
machines to a full stop when within a hundred yards of any person going 
in the opposite direction with a team. This law now applies to steam, 
portable or traction_engines only. Oregon grows. 



THE BEARINGS. 




POSITION OF A TURNING SAFETY. 



THE EQUILIBRI UM OF THE CYCLE. 

A French paper, La Nature, recently printed a long article on the 
cycle, treating on the equilibrium of a wheel. It says: What is more 
proper than to speak of cycles? The ladies even are shaking oflf the yoke 
of prejudice and are making use of it little by little. One can learn to ride 
it in a few minutes or a few hours if they have no fear, for the apparatus 
as now sold will almost go alone. Crossing the arms and even the legs, 
slightly inclining the body upon one side or the other, and the docile ma- 
chine will follow the wish of the rider. But this can only be accomplished 
by an experienced cyclist. Have you ever asked why this machine is so 
sensitive? Perhaps you have not received a satisfactory answer to your 
question. It is known that the only condition of the balance of a body, 
hindered by fixed points, is the following: The resultant of the forces 
that act at a given moment upon itself must pass into the interior of the 
polygon of the fixed points. In the safety, this polygon is reduced to the 
straight line that joins the two points of contact; if by a false motion or 

striking a stone the re- 
sultant of the forces 
(weight, motor effort 
and inertia) cease to cut 
this line, the rider must 
return to it, being care- 
ful to slightly exceed 
this position before fix- 
ing himself there, avoid- 
ing by a contrary effort 
the tendency to fall 
that was produced. That 
is the cause of the many 
scallops made by be- 
ginners who do not fix 
the vertical of the cen- 
ter of gravity upon the 
line of the two points of 
contact; happier still if 
they do not succeed in 
passing the limit of ad- 
herence of the two 
points of contact. Too often this limit is exceeded and they fall to the 
ground. The demonstration shows very well for the safeties which have 
their forks balanced in such a way that it turns upon the side that is 
inclined. 

The centrifugal force and inertia have not been spoken of, and it is 
curious that these forces act in the same waj- with considerable intensity 
and as much stronger as the speed is higher. Before the safety appeared 
this question was sometimes asked: "Why does one hold himself easier 
upon a moving ordinary than when it is still? " The best answer made 
to this question is the following: "It is because it turns." We feel the 
thing but do not explain it. Take a metallic top. Once started it stands 
up. Touch the rod of the top with a stick. Immediately the top will try 
to ascend towards the hand. The quicker the stick is pushed the more 
sudden the inclination of the top to go up the stick. This is an experi- 
mental demonstration of the principle followed in higher mechanics: The 
reaction, due to the permanent rotation around a revolving axis, is pro- 
portional to the moment of inertia in relation to the axis, proportional to 
this rotation and to the angular speed impressed in a point of the axis. It 
is perpendicular to the 
direction of the speed 
impressed to the point 
of the axis upon which 
it acts. 

The two wheels 
of the ordinary, 
turning in their forks, 
if something inclines 
the machine it is 
as if an effort from 
top to bottom was 
made upon a point of 
the axis of rotation up- 
on the inclined side. 
The wheel in motion 
opposes a resistance 
whose direction is per- 
pendicular to the direc- 
tion of the impressed 
speed; that is to say 
horizontal. Moreover, 
it is directed in such a way that if an obstacle is fixed from top to bottom 
upon the axis practically realized, this axis tends to roll upon the obstacle 
from the inclined side. The opposite happens upon the other side. The 
wheel inclines much more quickly, as the tendency to destroy the balance 
is greater and the more rapid the speed. This is applied naturally to the 
front wheel of the ordinary and to the monocycle, which stands up easier 
when the speed is higher. 

As to the rear wheel of an ordinary: its motion is not possible in the 
sense indicated in the theory; it can only oppose to the effort made the 
resistance compatible with the strength of the machine and the solidity of 
its points of support. Manufacturers of cycles, by displacing the center 
of gravity of the front fork of the safety, only artificially produce what 
naturally takes place while they are running, which facilitates slow 
apeed. 

A Relic. 

The famous leather case in which the message was carried in the relay 
ride from Chicago to New York, which has been on exhibition in Boston, 
has been returned to The Bearings oflSce, Chicago. It is weather beaten 
and water soaked and all of the gilt lettering is worn ofi'. It is an interest- 
ing memento of a great ride. 




ANOTHER PHASE OF THE TURN. 



CHICAGO ITEMS. 

E. C. Johnson, Cleveland's quarter mile flyer, has been in Chicago 
for the past week. 

A. O. Cooper was elected president of the Minnette Club on March 6. 
R. H. Gillespie is the new secretary. 

The Lunch Club enthusiasts met on Wednesday, but accomplished 
nothing further than an adjournment to tomorrow, Saturday. 

The Lake View C. C. will give a dramatic entertainment at Lincoln 
Turner Hall, April 6. "Barbara," "My Lord in Livery" and "A Woman's 
Won't" will be produced by members of the Amateur Dramatic Stock 
Company. 

Five West Side park commissioners have been replaced by the 
governor, two of the old members remaining. The seven members area 
manufacturer, banker, two bank cashiers, ex-member of the legislature, 
real estate dealer and a president of a gas company. 

Prospective visitors to Chicago will be pleased to learn that an ordi- 
nance providing for a new and, it is hoped, an effective method of street 
cleaning was passed in the Chicago city council last Monday night. 

Waiting for Easter. 

Washington, D. C, March 12. — The local riders are waiting impatiently 
for Easter. The roads at present are in poor shape, and club men think 
that by April 2 the highways will be rideable. Many of the clubs have 
scheduled their first runs on that day. On Easter Monday the crack 
riders of the Arlington Wheelmen will go to Baltimore to compete in the 
five mile road race of the Clifton Wheelmen. 

Next Tuesday a meeting will be held in Baltimore for the purpose of 
forming an organization to encourage long distance road riding. This new 
club has aroused much interest among Washingtonians and large numbers 
of them have promised to join. 

Is This Reliable? 

For the convenience of visitors to Chicago during the forthcoming 
Exposition, a mammoth hotel is being erected by the World's Fair Co- 
operative Bureau. The hotel is after the plan of St. Thomas's Hospital, 
and will contain over 6,000 rooms. These rooms will be let at a uniform 
rate of a dollar a day to those who pay a nominal registration fee before- 
hand, and thus secure the right of occupancy at any time during the Expo- 
sition. The sole representation of the World's Fair Co-operative Bureau 
in Great Britain has been placed in the hands of the City Press Agency, i 
King's Arm's-yard, and 51 Coleman street, London, E. C. — Wheeling. 

It would be well for Englishmen who comtemplate visiting this city to 
investigate before investing any money in the above scheme. 



The Providence Ladies' Cycling Club. 
Miss Ethel Warner is president of the 
Providence (R. I.) Ladies' Cycling Club. 
This club is three years old and was the 
first wheelwoman's organization to join the 
L. A. W. Among its members are: Mrs. 
O. B. Briggs, Miss Albro, Mrs. Arthur C. 
Barker, Mrs. L. T. Harvey, Mrs. E. D. 
Waterhouse, Mrs. W. D. Warner, Mrs. A. 
B. Blaisdell, Mrs. Crowell, Miss Annie 
Rittmann, Miss Laura Lyon, Miss Clara 
Law, Miss Annie Dutemple, Miss Clara 
Hall, Miss Luella Black, Miss Edgar and 
others. 



Hunting on Bicycles. 
Two Cheyenne (Wyo.) cyclists, Fred 
Thompson and Peter Bergensen, have just 
returned from a hunting trip in which they 
used their wheels while stalking deer. 
They took to the prairies and when within 
thirty miles of town ran across a herd of 
deer. They rode up cautiously and suc- 
ceeded in bringing down two of the timid 
creatures. A ranchman took the game to Cheyenne for them. 




HISS ETBEL. WARMEH. 



A Thousand Dollar Bicycle. 
It was like this: There were two of them. One had a flonrishing 
publishing business. The other had one thousand dollars — for which, in 
hand paid, the first man kindly gave him an interest in the publishing 
business. Thereupon the flourishing feature of the business was discon- 
tinued, and the business itself did not tarry long. Saved from the wreck 
by the investor, one bicycle. And he curseth it every day. 

A Peculiar English Law, 
There is an English law providing that travelers can buy alcoholic 
"refreshments" on Sunday. This inducement to travel, by the way, is not 
offered to the citizens of many communities in this country', and English 
visitors have been known to grumble vigorously in consequence. It was 
recently decided in Northampton, Eng., that a man who walks three and 
one-half miles out from his home, intending to return, is not a bona fide 
traveler and is therefore debarred from Sunday "refreshments." It's an 
ill wind that blows no good, for Wheeling suggests that the new law may 
"drive all Northampton on to wheels in order to do a greater distance of 
a Sunday." 

Contents of the Tube. 

Whalen — Thim bicickles is a great convayniance. Oi think Oi'll git 
wan t' go t' th' World's Fair. 

Reilly — How's thot ? 

Whalen — Oi saw a man climb down afther a long ride an' he jist put a 
tube t' th' belt av th' wheel. Thin he drew a long breath an' shtood up 
loike a new man. 

Reilly — Phwat do yez think was in it ? 

Whalen — Beer. 



THE BEARINGS. 



ONE RIDER IN EVERY JAPANESE CITY. 

A Tokio correspondent writes to the Kobe (Japan) Herald as follows: 
It may interest your bicycle readers to know that six boys, of ages from 
12 to 14, rode from Tokyo to Yokohama the other day, doing the 17 odd 
miles from Shimbashi to Yokohama stations in 2 hours and 3 minutes. 
This time included a stop of ten minutes at Kawasaki. Not bad when it 
is considered that they all rode upon boys' solid tire machines. 

I might mention that lately I have been doing some towing. A piece 
of parcel wrapping string, stout, but not so strong that it will not break 
easily in case of anything going wrong, about 15 feet long attached to the 
lamp bracket of the machine to be towed, passed over the right shoulder 
and held by the left hand, with a turn round the steering bar by the tower. 




A JAPANESE BICYCLE— THE JINRIKISHA. 

is the best way I know of to tow a tired or disabled friend. It is aston- 
ishing how a slight pull on the towline will help along the machine being 
towed. 

Cannot something be done to start a bicycle union for Japan, to at 
least keep a record of the different runs of interest made by bicyclists in 
Japan so that persons intending to make a trip on roads unknown to them 
could profit by t'ne experience of riders who have already done the trip. 
Copies of these records might be kept by the secretaries of the union, at 
all the places where a member or members reside. A bicycle club was 
started in Tokyo a few years back, but it soon died. A club is not wanted 
so much, but some means by which a rider could find records of rides 
made by various riders in the different roads of Japan would be exceed- 
ingly useful. How easily this could be done is shown by the fact that 
nearly every city of any size in Japan has at least one rider residing there. 

A Short Sermon on Pumping. 
For inflating a tire to the point of semi-hardness, a large pump is best; 
for completing the job, a small-diameter pump, for as the air becomes 
more compressed the work of compressing grows harder. A large pump 
with small internal diameter is a happy medium. 

A Curious Mistake. 
Two Belgian cyclists, while returning recently from Carsenburg, 
stopped at a grade crossing to let a train pass. The train came on but 
s'opped suddenly. The engineer had 

mistaken the red lights of the cycles 

for danger signals and had stopped. 



HOW QUILL-DRIVERS EXERCISE. 

Editor Outing, New York, N. Y. : — Before one can properly understand 
taking exercise that will build up his health, he should be fairly well 
acquainted with the human body, but a safe and simple rule is to exercise 
according to the feelings. Make sure of getting plenty of rest or sleep, 
and one must also gauge his exercise according to his daily duties. In 
business if one leads a sedentary life, but at the same time a very busy one, 
before physical exercise will do him much goo 1 he should allow for getting 
plenty of sleep. A gymnasium is without doubt the best place for build- 
ing up one's physical system, and visiting such a place two or three even- 
ings a week, and getting detailed advice from one in charge, cannot fail in 
the long run to bring about the results desired. 

J. H. WORMAN. 

Editor The Sunny Hour, New York: — How to keep healthy? I am 
hardly old enough to judge; I have always been delicate, living in the city. 
Now, I am at the Chappaqua Mountain Institute school, kept by the 
Society of Friends, and I am in better health than I ever was. We rise at 
six and go to bed at nine, have plenty of wholesome food and all the milk 
we want; our baths and three hours a day for exercise, foot-ball, base-ball, 
mountain climbing, racing or whatever we like, and we eat like so many 
pigs. I think it is the regular hours, pure air, proper bathing, good a'ld 
abundant food, and plenty of hard work at study that keeps us all so well. 
I only wish all boys could be here. 

Tello d' Apery. 

Editor Wheelman's Gazette, Indianapolis, Ind.: I consider cycling in 
its many varied forms one of the best means of exercising that the modern 
man or woman has at his or her control. To many, exercise or any sort is 
distasteful, but cycling seems to disguise it as the sugar-coating process 
does a bitter pill, and the result is that those who buy a wheel to nse solely 
for the purpose of covering the distance between their residence and 
office, in ninety-nine cases out of a hundred, become greatly enthused in it 
after a short companionship, and the result is that they are life-long 
friends. Ben L. Barrow. 

Literary Writer, Canton, Ohio: — The best physical exercise is a long 
walk, at a steady pace, of several miles up and down hill, if possible. If 
this can be taken in the morning, after a quick sponge bath, all the better. 
Walking under any condition is good exercise, provided always that the 
clothing does not bind the body and the boots are longer and wider than 
the feet, with good, thick soles, that the wearer may not take cold. Walk- 
ing limbers up the muscles, excites the skin to action, fills the lungs to 
the bottom with pure air and opens up a vista of hope and health to the 
pent-up soul. Kate B. Sherwood. 



W. W. Taxis is training at Abescum, N. J. 

It is announced on good authority that Windle will not ride a 
Columbia this year. 

Rumor has it that George A. Banker will ride under the colors of the 
Pittsburg A. C. this year. 

The ten mile road race of the Warren Athletic Club, Wilmington, 
Del., will be held May 20. 

Buffalo will open the New York state spring racing circuit on June 2, 
and Syracuse will close it on June 17. 

\ match between George C. Smith, the quarter mile sprinter, and 
Frank Brown o*'the New York A. C, is being talked of. 

The Bay State Wheelmen, of Worcester, Mass., have secured a sanction 
for their race meet on Decoration Day. Several other clubs in adjoining 
towns were trying to secure it. 



Minneapolis Matters. 

Mr. I. R. Snow, the prosperous 
Minneapolis dealer, was in Chicago 
last week. He has been in the cycle 
trade five years and, though well 
along in years, is an enthusiast. He 
claims the honor of being Minne- 
apolis' pioneer "inducer" with refer- 
ence to malting cycling popular among 
the fair sex. The ladies of Minneap- 
olis are quite advanced in wheeling, in 
fact have a flourishing club of their 
own. Mr. Snow has four daughters, 
aged 16, 22, 24 and 26, respectively, 
who are hardy riders. Miss Winnifred, 
sweet 22, being local L. A. W. consul. 
The leading cycling organization 
there is the Business Men's Associa- 
tion, which has nearly 500 prominent 
men on its rolls and, though its meet- 
ings are rare, always effects something 
in behalf of cycling rights when it 
does meet. 

n Beinga Minneapolis man, of course 
Mr. Snow had to say something 
against the hated twin city, St. Paul, 
"It is a hilly place," he said, "while 
Minneapolis is level yet scenic. Our 
country rides — to Lake Minnetonka 
and other points — are delightful and 
hills are easily reached by those who 
want them." 




THE BEARINGS. 



BICYCLE TAX. 



PARADOX OF THE ROLLING WHEEL. 



Commercial Gazette, Cincinnati. 
As soon as a man begins to ride a bicycle he immediately begins to 
ride the "good roads" hobby. How would the bicyclists like to have a 
tax put on their machines, to be used in improving and maintaining public 
roads? The "good roads" agitation, begun by large manufacturers of 
bicycles, has become wonderfully popular, but among all the wisdom that 
has been poured out on the subject of road-improvement we have not been 
told how it could be done without costing money. 



News, Newburyport, Mass. 

A correspondent of a contemporary makes a good point in his conten- 
tion that while the bicycle companies are waxing enormously rich as a 
result of sales of their products they continually agitate the improvement 
of roads, which would tend to still further increase their business, while 
the taxes for this improvement come in a large degree from the people 
who lack the opportunity for bicycle driving or even carriage enjoyment. 

The argument is a fair one. If bicycle makers and riders and drivers 
of pleasure carriages are anxious for better roads they should be willing to 
bear their proportionate expense of gaining such an end. In the case of 
the bicycle riders we think it will be found that the larger proportion of 
them do not contribute to the fund ordinarily devoted to the expense of 
such an improvement. If they desire good roads they should be as willing 
to contribute their proportion of this expense as they are to agitate the 
reform. 

Trader, Ottawa, 111. 

The following lately appeared in a Peoria paper: 

"The Peoria Bicycle Club has undertaken to assist in educating the 
people of Central Illinois to the necessity of good roads. At their own 
expense they have contracted for a large quantity of road literature, includ- 
ing the periodical. Good Roads, and propose to keep up a running fire 
against the farmers, road supervisors, civil engineers, etc." 

Against which a farmer in the Country Gentleman enters a just and 
manly protest, saying: "There is altogether too much preaching on the 
part of the wheelmen; they want roads put in thorough repair, but they 
take care not to incur any share of the expense of doing the work. 'They 
propose to keep up a running fire against the farmers, etc' Now, would 
it not be very much better to start and keep up a 'running fire ' against 
our federal and state law-makers, and have our leading thoroughfares put 
in thorough repair and kept so by our state and national government. It 
has got so that our most traveled turnpikes are patronized chiefly by 
carriage riders, wheelmen and others who come out of the cities and wear 
out roads made by or at the expense of hard working farmers and market 
gardeners. I have in mind a stretch of turnpike which it will cost $40,000 
to macadamize. This will be paid for by small farmers, who only drive 
over the road occasionally, while the road is in almost constant use by 
bicycle riders and carriage riders from one of our large cities. Some way 
should be devised to compel the dwellers in our cities to bear a portion 
of the expense of suburban drives. The most equitable way would seem 
to be for the state to do a large share of the work of building leading 
thoroughfares into suburban districts. In the meantime it would be well 
for wheelmen to change the direction of their running fire; farmers, etc., 
already have their hands about full. It is always easier to advocate the 
expenditure of other people's money than it is to put our hands into our 
own pockets." 

A Colorado Club Run. 

Notice the perfect 
surface of the road shown 
in this little picture of a 
Denver Wheel Club run. 
Chief Consul Hackney 
stands at the left and 
looks toward you. The 
club has just come over 
the brow of yonder hill- 
top and has stopped to 
be photographed. The 
air is mild and pleasant 
where they stand, yet we 
are told they viewed a snow-storm, fifteen miles away, in the mountains. 




A New Surface for Streets. 
Granulated cork mixed with bitumen is being talked of as a surface 
for Heme Hill track. The Irish Times suggests that such material might 
be used for streets as well as race tracks. It says: It is claimed for the 
resulting compound that it exhibits the most remarkable imperviousness 
to both heat and cold. It does not, like ordinary asphalt, melt if placed 
in front of a fire, and, while it feels "hard to the touch," it is "soft to the 
tread," and shows slight elasticity under heavy weights. Add to this, that 
cork pavement thus prepared is declared to be perfectly free from slipperi- 
ness in all weathers, and it is obvious that — should these statements be 
substantiated — a good time is approaching for the ho.sesthat use our 
streets. Wood harbors dust and microbes, so that from the point of view 
of health as well as comfort there seems to be something to be said for the 
trial of the novelty. Much, however, will depend on the question of 
expense. There is not an inexhaustible supply of cork trees in the world, 
and a syndicate which was able to manufacture a "corner in cork" might 
run up the rates to a highly undesirable extent. 



Some time ago an article showing that the top of a rolling wheel 
moved faster than the base was published in this journal, being illustrated 
with diagrams. The following article from a Chicago paper is a reply to 
a query on the same subject: 

The strictly scientific statement of this curious problem, which may 
be called the piradox of the rolling wheel, is this: The top of a wheel 
in motion moves twice as fast as the center, while the bottom point of the 
wheel does not move at all. The fact that the top part of the circumfer- 
ence of a wheel moves twice as fast as the center, or hub, may be demon- 
strated by taking a small roll such as ribbon is wound on, and sticking a 
peg or pin in the center. Tie a thread loosely around this pin, so that the 
pin may turn in the knot made without winding the thread upon it. Then 
fasten the end of another thread to the circumference of the roll, and wind 
it several times around the roll. Holding these two threads off on one 
side at right angles to their point of attachment, and rolling the wheel in 
the same direction, it is plainly seen that the upper thread "pays out" 
twice as fast as the center thread does. The second part of the paradox, 
that the bottom point of a wheel does not move, is shown by the following 
demonstration. If we were to take a wheel containing sny sixteen spokes, 
and remove the tire and felloe of the wheel and then revolve the latter 
upon the spokes, at the rate of one revolution in sixteen seconds, we 
would have no difficulty in noting that when one of these spokes touches 
the ground — that is to say, when it becomes the bottom of the wheel — its 
lower end is stationary for the full space of a second, and for that dis- 
tinct and appreciable time is merely the point upon which the entire wheel 
rocks until the next spoke touches the ground. Now if there were 16,000 
spokes in the wheel, and if it made 16,000 revolutions in a second, the 
lower end of each spoke would still always come to a full stop when it 
struck the ground, although it would remain thus for a space of time so 
brief that human measurement of time could hardly appreciate it. Geome- 
try makes it plain to us that every circle is theoretically a polygon, and 
that the distance from any point on its surface to the next point must be 
something, although infinitesimally small. Therefore, so long as any 
point of the circumference of a rolling wheel is the bottom though this 
space of time be too small to be measured by any human sense, that point 
acts as the pivot of the wheel and is at a dead rest until the next point 
becomes the bottom. 

England and Her Races. 

Not since the days of Cathcart, the trotting tournament promoter, has 
England held a race meet whch lasted over one day. She is behind 
America in this respect, and even her championship meets seem small 
when compared with our magnificent two-day tournaments at Springfield 
and Hartford. In 1886 and 1887, Cathcart gathered together a large crowd 
of racing men and tried to hold a three day's tournament on purely 
American lines, but was forced to give it up. The '86 meet was a success, 
hut not so that of the following year. It cost the promoter a great deal of 
money and time to discover that meets on American lines could not be 
held in England. 



Chicago's Cycling Corps. 
There are now seventeen men in the Cyclist Signal Corps of the First 
Regiment, I. N. G. The corps were organized by Sergeant H. B. Hart 
about a year ago. He commands, the other members being Corporal 
N. E. Turgeon, Corporal O. R. Barnett and Privates L. W. Kane, Harry 
Keator, H. C. Mayer, F. W. Osmun, C. H. Semple, W. M. Shumway, W. A. 
Thompson, W. B. Waugh, James Levy, H. A. Hoyt, D. E. P. Smith, H. E. 
Krause, H. R. Grant, D. C. Mac Lachlan, D. D. Luxton. 



CHAFF. 

Eight pneumatic tired omnibuses are in use in Glasgow. 

Atlanta, Ga., estimates her cycling population at 1,000. 

The West Side Cycling Club has been formed at Dayton, O. 

The Russian„^yclist is trying to take a census of the Russian riders. 

The first tricyclist to cross the Alps is said to be Oscar Browning, ot 
England. 

Dr. H. B. Tileston, president of the Ivouisville C. C, has taken charge 
of the bicycle column of the Louisville Star. 

The Staten Island Yacht Club is about to organize a cycling depart- 
ment under the supervision of Commodore Charles E. Hoyer. 

The Albany Wheelmen and Fort Orange Wheelmen have consoli- 
dated. Today was the seventh anniversary of the first named club. 

The "Angel," at Ditton, is the Rialto of all that's great in English 
cycledom, at noon o' Sundays. A pointer for Americans contemplating 
English tours. 

A touring club has been formed in Copenhagen, Denmark, called the 
Danish Cycle Ring. It has a membership of 1,000. Its objects are similar 
to the League's. 

Sixteen Macon (Ga.) cyclists organized the Central City Cycle Club 
last week. The new club is already preparing to build a track and hold a 
spring tournament. 

Missouri has lost a valuable secretary-treasurer by the resignation of 
Joseph Douglas, of Sedalia, but has gained a veteran follower of the "git 
thar" system in his successor, Edgar S. Barnes, formerly of Springfield, 111. 

Eighteen months ago a ladies' wheel weighing 42 pounds was consid- 
ered unusually light by the English tradesmen. Now, many of the mak- 
ers are turning out 35 pounders which will stand average-weight riders 
over all sorts of roads. 



St. Louis wheelmen are petitioning Street Commissioner Murphy to 
allow certain streets to remain unsprinkled until 9 a. m., and have sprink- 
ling cease at 5 p. m. The commissioner has taken the matter under advise- 
ment. 



A French cyclist and the driver of a "growler " (four-wheeled cab) 
had a few words about rights of way, and, stealing silently behind his 
enemy, the cyclist, who had to give way on the road, chalked on the rear 
of the cab, " For the removal of cholera patients only. Please do not 
come near." There were no more fares that day for the anti-cycling 
" cocher." 



THE BEARINGS. 







BINNEB fVG CO .. -' ■■■' 

THE FOWLER TRUSS FRAME. (Pat. applied for.) 




THE FOWLER TRUSS FRAME. (Pat applied for.) 



THE FOWLER ADS. 

Are always read because they contain information about 
a high grade wheel. 

A wheel that is a credit to Am( rican Skill and Work- 
manship. 

The Fowler will stand the most critical inspection. 

We don't claim it is the best on earth — but we do say, 
tear it apart from end to end and compare it with any wheel 
—bar none. 



WRITE US AND WE WILL. SEND YOU A CATALOGUE THAT 
THERE IS SOME INFORMATION IN— YOU KNOW SOME ONE 
GETS A FOWLER FREE ON THE 31st OF MARCH— ALL CATA- 
LOGUES NUMBERED— YOURS MAY BE THE WINNER. 




142144 146 

W.WASHINGTON ST. 

CHICAGO 

THE FOWLER TRUSS FRAME. (Pat applied for.) mcntion the bearings THE FOWLER TRUSS FRA.VIEPat. applied for 



eif*N£m ^NG. c 




THE BEARINGS. 



THAT $100,000 DEAL IS OFF. 







SATURDAY EARLY CLOSING. 

" One thing which I think I will not do this season," said a gentleman 
prominent in the new Chicago dealers' association, "is to close my estab- 
lishment early on Saturday afternoons. I feel that I cannot afford it. In 
looking over my receipts previous to the inauguration of the early-closing 
movement last year, I find that Saturday was by far the most profitable day 
of the week." 

There is much to be said in favor of, and consideration for employes of 
cycle firms to be arrayed against the words of this tradesman. Saturday 
is the day, and the afternoon of that day the time, when most riders find 
it convenient to make their purchases. There is no other side to that argu- 
ment. The assertion that purchasers can be forced to accustom themselves 
to buying earlier in the week is good enough as a theory, but when con- 
fronted with actual facts it shows a doUars-and-cents deficit. This is true 
of most businesses, though it must be admitted that most business houses 
do close early on Saturday during the summer months. Will someone 
please change the system so that in those establishments which should, 
for the convenience of the great majority, keep their doors open all day on 
Saturday, give their own employes a half-holiday earlier in the 
week? 

It is as it is, not as it might be. In most other cities, we are 
informed, early Saturday closing of cycle stores is not customary. What 
will the Chicago trade do about it? 



Wheel Display. 
That cycle dealers have become an important feature of the hardware 
business is shown by the following extract from the Ironmonger, of Chi- 
cago: If the hardware dealer has decided to handle bicycles this year, and 
a large proportion of them have, he will want to push it. An exchange 
remarks that a very effective method of advertising the wheel is to make a 
window display of it. Take out everything that hangs in the window, clean 
up the window thoroughly, unless you happen to be one of those who 
already pay special attention to window attractiveness, and place there the 
best and newest wheel you have. Ticket the machine in plain figures that 
may be easily read. If convenient a tasty curtain or frame work of calico 
might be devised that would further enhance the attractiveness of the 
machine. Then if you have leisure, and the air is not too chill, step out- 
side for a while and notice the people who will stop and inspect the wheel. 
Watch them closely. The young men will linger over tLe picture till they 
tire you out. You can imagine their thoughts. They want the wheel and 
they finally go away, planning if by some means they cannot buy it. This 
is a good month in which to make the display. One who tried the display 
last year, in a city, says he sold 200 safeties and he attributes his success 
argely to the aid his window gave him. 



Business Methods of Some English Tire Makers. 
Purchasers of recently introduced tires must be on their guard against 
buying a pig in a poke, says the Irish Cyclist. It is a common practice 
for the inventors of new tires to make a few samples out of the materials 
they buy from the Dunlop Company, and not until they have felt their 
way do they set about arranging for quantities of material to be supplied 
to them by some rubber works. The consequence is that the press and 
the public is led to suppose, from the samples, that the material used is 
good; but when the standard article comes to be supplied it is found to 
be made of very inferior materials. 



New 'Wheels in Kansas City. 
Kansas City, Mo., March 10. — Stutz & Walker, 1404 west nth street, 
jobbers, are listing a line of high and medium grade wheels. The S. & W. 
No. 2 lists at $135 and the S. & W. No. 4 at fioo. There are also ladies', 
girls' and boys' wheels at lower prices, all fitted with pneumatics. The 
Ariel and Titania are represented by this firm. Considerable interest was 
excited among wheelmen Sunday by the appearance on the road of the 
Fowler scorcher. This machine is introduced by the Midland Cycle Co. 
This company have also the Columbia, the Majestic and the Indiana 
Bicycle Co. 's medium grade wheels. 

McKee & Harrington, manufacturers of the Lyndhurst, cl?im the 
honor of being the second concern in the United States to make bicycles. 
After being in the business two or three years they dropped it and did 
not take it up again until the advent of the safety, when they once more 
resumed it. 



The Pittsburg Syndicate Has Not Bought Out the American Cycle Com- 
pany, of Chicago — No Reasons Given — Mr. Atwater's Statement 
Declared Premature. 



Mr. Harry D. Squires, of the Pittsburg Cycle Co., was in Chicago early 
this week for the purpose of taking decided action concerning the $roo,ood 
deal which Mr. John L. Atwater, of the American Cycle Co., stated to The 
Bearings, had been closed. Mr. Atwater had stated that the assets of the 
American Cycle Company and the plant of the Chicago Bicycle Co. would 
be turned over to the Pittsburg people, represented by Mr. Squires; that he 
had received from them certain good paper in payment for the same and 
that nothing remained but for the purchasers to take charge of and oper- 
ate the plant. 

Mr. Squires was seen on Monday night. He said: " The deal is off. 
I will not give the reasons, but I will say that Mr. Atwater's statement 
was premature. The deal was under consideration, but after investigation 
we have decided to drop the matter altogether. We will not manufacture 
wheels in Chicago, Pittsburg or elsewhere this year. I wish you would 
add that we never intended using the name American Raleigh." 

As Mr. Atwater could not be found without making a trip into the 
country, it has not yet been learned what his intentions for the future are. 



WILL EXCLUSIVE AGENCIES PAY? 



As to whether or not an exclusive agency will pay depends largely, 
according to my ideas, upon the amount of business that can be worked 
up. If the point where such agency is established will not warrant it on 
account of the amount of business to be done, then, of course, one of this 
kind would not pay. I suppose, however, that the article in The Bear- 
ings of the 3d inst. had reference to points where a profitable business is 
done during the cycling season, but, during a period of depression of per- 
haps from three to six months in the year, it would eventually be neces- 
sary, in order to have a profitable business, to look to some other source 
for revenue. Would it not be better to seek consolidation with some 
other business and in that way reduce the expense of running an exclu- 
sive bicycle agency, although just as much time could be devoted to it by 
the manager as before? In my opinion, unless some business could be 
added that might be discarded at will when the cycling season reopened, 
this business that would be added to help out, would soon require more 
attention than the bicycle department. 

Of course, in the South where the cycling season lasts twelve mouths 
in the year 

It Is Not Necessary to Add Any Side Line 

to help bear the expenses of maintaining an establishment during the win- 
ter months. Almost the same plan will apply, however. I should say that 
with a fair trade in medium and low grade wheels an agency disposing of 
seventy-five high grade machines at retail during the year, no matter 
whether this be in twelve months or six, should be a paying investment, 
provided the agency is properly conducted and prices adhered to 
strictly. Some men might not be able to make a paying business on a 
basis of seventy-five high grade machines and a business of the same pro- 
portions in other grades, while others, by carefully watching all expenses, 
could do well on less. With a business of this size 

It Might Be Found Profitable to Add Typewriters, 

which could be done at no particular expense, and the profits derived ' 
through them, while not very large, cover a period of twelve months, and 
demand more attention in the South during the time when cycling is not 
quite so popular as in the summer. 

I should say, however, that if it is found that the point will not yield 
a business of from fifty to seventy-five high grade machines during the 
season that the bicycle agency be added to some already established busi- 
ness, such as hardware or sporting goods, in preference to making some 
other line help support a bicycle agency. If anyone attempting to man- 
age a cycle agency will follow the points given by J. Elmer Pratt in ThB 
Bearings of February 10, and, in addition to what Mr. Pratt suggests, 

Keep a Correct Account With Every Department 

of his business and know which department pays and which does not — in 
other words, pay the strictest attention to expenses — the profits will tike 
care of themselves, and it will not require such an alarmingly large busi- 
ness to pay one handsomely for his trouble. On the other hand, if this is 
not done the less such a dealer adds to his business the better for himself 
— and possibly his creditors. 

In conclusion, I should say that if an exclusive agency will not pay, 
consolidate with some already established business instead of establishing 
in connection a business distinct from the cycling trade as suggested by 
the cycling trade journal. Southerner. 



Recent Patents. 



Uncle Sam has granted patents to the following: Bicycle whistle, Fred 
J. Hall, Wallingford, Conn.; ball-bearing, William B. Douglas, Phenix, 
R. I.; velocipede, William H. Fauber, Chicago, assignor of one-half to 
Henry W. Norton, Wellington, 111.; velocipede, Charles F. Pease, Chicago, 
assignor to the Ames & Frost Co., same place; pedal, Charles F. Pease, 
Chicago, assignor to the Ames & Frost Co.; velocipede pedal, Charles F. 
Pease, Chicago, assignor to the Ames & Frost Co.; bell, Albert A. Page 
and William E. Sparks, New Haven, Conn., assignors to Sargent & Co., 
same place; rubber tire, William Golding, Manchester, England , assignor 
to Charles Macintosh & Co., same place ; cycle, John G. Xander, Reading, 
Pa., assignor of one-half to James C. Reber, same place. 



THE BEARINGS. 



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-'Wfi»'"ON The Bearing* 



THE BEARINOS. 



TRICYCLES ARE DEAD. 

J. I. Warman Thinks that the Three-wheeler's Days are Numbered — 
Other Items Picked up on Cycle Row. 
"I do uot intend to import any tricycles, this year, although our firm 
makes them," said Mr. J. I. Warman, of Warman & Hazlewood, last 
week. "In my opinion the three-wheeler has seen its day and here- 
after will have a poor sale. We have made thousands of them and have 
never made a cent — in fact, we have lost money on them. The manufac- 
turers in England are gradually dropping them as the safety has supplanted 
the trike. Only three or four large makers now build tricycles — the Quad- 
rant Cycle Co., Coventry Machinists' Co., Warman & Hazlewood and 
Marriott & Cooper. Even the ladies, who were the greatest admirers of 
this style of machine, are taking to the safety, and I think that without a 
doubt the makers will soon stop manufacturing them. 

"Geared ordinaries are simply a fad, and only take with those riders 
who imagine that they must have the latest or nothing. Several makers 
have got it into their heads that the G. O. would take because old riders 
would want them on account of their love for the old ordinary. The old 
timers know a good thing and much prefer the safety. I think though, 
that if Shorland or some other crack would come over to this country and 
do some fine riding on a G. O. there would be a great demand for the 
wheels by the faddists." 

Mr. Warman is satisfied with this year's trade. He says that business 
is picking up wonderfully and that his last consignment of Coventry 
Crosses is going fast. 

Pleasant Weather Makes Good Trade. 

J. O. Blake, manager of the Gormully & Jeffery Mfg. Co.'s down town 
store, sat in his office last Friday and greeted the warm sunshine with a 
pleasant smile. "That's the kind of weather that makes business good," 
he said. "I like to see it. I have about twenty Ramblers on the floor that 
have been paid for but their owners are waiting for good weather before 
taking them out. Old Sol is doing well and they are commencing to call 
for their wheels already. Trade prospects are very good at present and I 
think that this spring's trade will be excellent." 

Trading Real Estate for Bicycles. 

Chicago is the abiding place of a great many real estate holders. Some of 
the holdings are good. Others, in the suburbs, are often covered with 
weeds and several feet of brownish water. A great many of the owners 
are young men who work for moderate salaries, and of these a great many 
are willing to relinquish their property at a sacrifice. Some of them want 
to sell and some want to swap for this or that. Some want bicycles, and 
it is not an infrequent occurrence for a young land-owner to wander into 
Cycle Row and try to barter his possession for a wheel. One of them re- 
cently offered a cash payment and a lot which he was willing to let go for 
$125 in exchange for a $150 wheel. " Sorry," said the dealer, " but we 
are not in the real estate business. By the way, where is your lot ? " "At 
2iith street." 

The street mentioned may exist on paper. When it is really built it 
will be located as far south of Pullman as Pullman is distant from Chicago. 

A Case of Mutual Interest. 

Herrick, chief centurion, was asked to name a place where a weary 
scribe might sit in a corner for an hour before supper. " Go to Fletcher's " 
he said. " I sometimes go there. I like to sit down next to Fletcher's 
desk and get him started talking. He is a soothing kind of a talker and 
puts me to sleeps in short order." 

So the writer went to Fletcher's. The conversation turned upon 
Herrick. " That man Herrick," he said, " is a constant joke to me. I 
was lunching at Winter's with Goetz, of the Stokes Company, the other 
day and had some fromage de Brie. Herrick came in and immediately 
began to criticize the cheese. He kept up a running fire against it and 
suddenly astonished us by making an onslaught upoc it with his knife and 
fork, hacking it to pieces. 'What in the world is the matter?' I asked. 
'Look at it,' he cried. 'The darned cheese is breathing.' Yesser, Her- 
rick is a puzzle to me." 

Sterlings in Big Demand. 
Sterlings grow rapidly in favor. Orders for this wheel, aggregating 
the number of ninety, recently came from every dealer in one town, say 
the Stokes Company. The result of sending a sample to Bloomiugton, 
111., was an order for 10 wheels, and this has been increased to 55. Reuben 
Wood's Sons, of Syracuse, ordered 25 during the Philadelphia Show and 
have now ordered 105. The Union is also a great favorite, four car loads 
having been sold from Chicago. Another car-load is en route from the 
factory. 

Jordan Rushed With Work. 
Louis Jordan, the repairer, has his hands full of work at present. He 
is rushed with repair work and keeps a large force constantly employed. 
He says that he has already changed fifty solid and cushion tired wheels to 
pneumatics and has about as many more on hand. His Jordan Special is 
taking well and he receives many inquiries about it. He will only make 
twenty-four of these machines this year. He will soon turn out an eighteen 
pound racer. By the way, Mr. JorddU has a couple of dark horses who will 
ride Jordans in the Pullman and who, he thinks, will be well placed. 

The Ladies' Phantom. 
A sample of the ladies' Phantom is exhibited by the Henry Sears Co. 
at no Wabash avenue. It is handsome and weighs but 32 pounds. It is 
fitted with a cork-lined plunger brake that will not injure the tire. Sales- 
men Parks and Levy are doing a good business in Phantoms and Lynd- 
hunsts. This concern will soon handle Western Wheel Works machines. 



Didn't Meet a Salesman. 

N. E. Turgeon, of the Pope Mfg. Co. returned last week from a short 
trip through western Illinois. Nearly every traveler who comes to Chicago 
reports having met several fellow salesmen in each town he visited. Tur- 
geon saj's that he did not meet a single one. He did a good business and 
placed some agencies. 

Smaller Pick-ups. 

Mr. Case, of the Premier Cycle Co., New York, is in Chicago. 

H.J. Cassady, of the Thorsen & Cassady Co., is in Minnesota. 

Thirty Monarchs were shipped to W. W. Stall, the Boston agent, this 
week. 

W. E. Aughinbaugh, the handsome patent attorney, came West from 
Washington on Monday. 

P. C. Renaud says that the Detroit White I<ead Works are having 
large sales of cycle enamel. 

The Marble Cycle Mfg. Co. will soon have a large crayon portrait of 
Zimmerman and his Raleigh in their store. 

Mr. Frank Douglas has placed the Kenwood agency with Frank L. 
Donlevy, 833 Arch street, Philadelphia. 

George K. Barrett, the Marble Cycle Mfg. Co.'s respresentative, has 
returned to Chicago after a long eastern trip. 

C. H. Parker, of the Ariel Cycle Co., Goshen, Ind., will assist Mr. 
Plumb in the Chicago branch when the busy season opens. 

J. W.. McGowan, of the Pittsburg Cycle Co., visited the Sunol factory 
in Chicago last week. His firm has sold a number of Sunols. 

R. W. Slusser left on Wednesday for a jaunt among southern agents 
in the interest of the Century Cycle Mfg. Co., whose 28-pound roadster 
Arrows are sellers. 

W. 
for Milwaukee. He will visit Peoria, Freeport, 
cities in the West, returning to Chicago in three weeks. 

O. C. H. Rellihen, of A. G. Spalding & Bros., says that he sold thirty- 
seven Victors last month in the southwestern part ol the city. He received 
cash for every one of them. He has a deal on hand now to fit out a club of 
nine with the product of the Overman Wheel Co. 



M. Perrett, of the Bretz & Curtis Mfg. Co., left Chicago last week 
Iwaukee. He will visit Peoria, Freeport, Cincinnati and other 



A Wet Spring Hurts Trade. 

Peoria, March 6.— F. Nathro will manage A. G. Woodbury's cycle 
business at Danville this season. He is an old and experienced rider. A. 
L. Atkins is now visiting his old customers in Illinois. He reports a very 
conservative feeling among his agents and a decided tendency on the 
part of the trade to go slow until they see what sort of a spring we will 
have. On the whole there is a goodly number of orders for spring deliv- 
eries. 

If we have as wet a spring this season as last many cycle dealers in 
Illinois now rated A i will go under. 



An Uld Time Racing Man's Wheel. 

W. I. Wilhelm, who is well known in racing circles, has been making 
the Reading Flyer for the past two years and has met with merited suc- 
cess. Last year's business was good, but W. I. Wilhelm & Co. expect to 




our capacity. Even with this increase, it looks as though our supply 
would be entirely inadequate. As early as November, 1892, we were com- 
pelled to put on an extra force of men, working night and day on orders." 
The Reading Flyer, road racer, racer, ladies' and boys' wheels are made. 

The Success of the Lovell Diamond. 

" Making a bicycle is like writing a story— if you begin with a poor 
plot, you may tinker and patch, but nothing will save it— it is worthless. 
We begin right. Our bicycle history is brief. Ihree years ago we placed 
the Lovell Diamond on the market, and our history since is simply an 
attempt to keep up with orders which have necessitated the increasing of 
our works until we have the largest bicycle works and fire arms manufac- 
tory in the world," say the John P. Lovell Arms Co., of Boston, in their 
catalogue. The Lovell Diamond is a well known wheel. Thirteen pat- 
terns of wheels, ranging in price from I30 up to $115, are made by this en- 
terprising firm. 



The Kenwood Catalogue Interesting. 

The Kenwood Mfg. Co., Chicago, according to their catalogue, started 
in the year without a single '92 wheel on their hands, having disposed of 
their entire output. A new tire is one of the improvements on the '93 
machine. The racing tire is provided with an extra center lock for the 
outer casing, which is doubly locked into an extra strong rim. The crank 
on a Kenwood is put on ingeniously, the crank shaft being slightly 
tapered to a standard gauge and the crank bored to a corresponding size. 
Oil cups attached to the hubs and crank-shaft casing, which cause the 
axles and interior of the hubs to become thickly coated with oil and dust 
are not used on the Kenwood, the oil being forced into the bearings be- 
tween the adjusting cone and the cup, which simply washes the dust out 
at the race line of the ball bearings and oils the balls. The axles of the 
wheel are kept clean, as the lubricant does not enter the inner chamber. 
The catalogue is racy, handsomely gotten up and is interesting reading. 



THE BEARINGS. 




il 



>^ 



WARRANTED COLUMRIAS. 



IT IS SO NOniNflTEb IN THE BOMb." 



i 








With every Columbia is a warrant, guaranteeing every part of the Colum- 
bia to be free from imperfection, warranting the pneumatic tires, agreeing, 
within liberal limitations, to make everything good to the full satisfaction of 
the buyer. This warrant is backed by the oldest bicycle house in America, 
the largest bicycle factory in the world — a plant of superlative excellence, in 
machinery and skilled workmen — a reputation unmatched in cycledom,a million 
dollars paid-in capital, a heavy surplus. All these things combined give the 
cycler a confidence which, perhaps, he cannot have in any other house^ for he 
knows that not only is the Pope Mfg. Co. willing to make everything right to 
the buyer, but it is able to do so to the uttermost. 



POPE MFG. CO. 







li 



THE BEARINGS. 



TEXAS TRADE NOTES. 



NEW YORK TRADE NOTES. 



El Paso. 



It is not generally known, but it is nevertheless a fact, that El Paso is 
one of the best cycling towns in the state. A considerable interest was 
manifested in this direction last year, but the indications are that the 
trade in bicycles during the season of '93 will surpass all expectations. 
El Paso being directly on the line of the southern route to California, all 
of the cycling salesmen who make the southern trip stop ofiF here. The 
most popular wheel that has been shown so far is the Cleveland. Messrs. 
Krakauer, Zork & Moye, large hardware dealers, will look after this 
machine. Mr. Bill, representing the Cleveland wheel, was in the city a 
few days past and his wheel created such a furor among the cyclists that 
the local representatives took six orders before Mr. Bill left the city. 
Messrs. Krakauer, Zork & Moye also have extensive interests in the 
mercantile and hardware lines throughout Mexico, and they report quite a 
demand for wheels in the Republic. A Cleveland No. 4 brings $275 in 
Mexican money in Mexico. 

San Antonio. 
Trade since the first of the year has been exceptionally good, one firm, 
W. E. Roach & Co. having sold already as many as thirty high grade 
wheels, while the other dealers, especially France & Thiele, have done a 
good business. Unions, Ramblers, and Clevelands are the popular cvcles, 
and public opinion is about equally divided as to the relative merits of 
these makes. The popularity of these wheels, however seems to be largely 
due to the tires, all of which the different riders find to be quite simple to 
repair. 

Galveston. 
It may be possible that the long-sleeping enthusiasm in the cycling 
trade of Galveston is about to awaken, or has already awakened. Quite 
a lively interest is already beginning to be shown, and the different 
agencies are reporting a few sales and a great deal of interest among 
parties who have heretofore been predjudiced to a very large extent. There 
is quite a demand already for ladies' wheels, although but few sales in 
this direction have been reported. Mr. Bill, of the Lozier Mfg. Co., 
Mr. Murphy, of the Keating, and Mr. Mead, representing the Credenda 
line, have recently been in the city. It is not known with whom Mr. 
Mead placed the Credenda, if at all, but the Keating was placed with 
Dulitz & Co., who also handle Ramblers, while Mr. Bill renewed his con- 
tract with F. S. Thompson & Co. for Clevelands. These people made a 
splendid showing for this latter wheel last year and have promising 
prospects for '93. 

Brenham. 
A few new wheels are gradually making their appearance, but they 
arj largely of an inferior grade, although several high grade machines 
have been sold. No one carries a stock of bicycles, although most of the 
agencies are represented. Of all the wheels shown to date, the Rambler 
is by far the most popular. 

Palestine. 
Palestine is to have a bicycle store. Messrs. Swift & Co., have put in a 
complete sample line of Ramblers and sundries, in addition to Western 
Wheel Works wheels, and the bicycle trade will be looked after very 
carefully in the future. A great deal of interest is being shown, and Pales- 
tine will rank among the best cycling towns of Texas before the season is 
over. 

Houston. 
Stratton & White, of Fort Worth, have opened a branch of their 
carriage house of that point in this city, and have also put in a line of 
bicycles, for which they have the state agency. They will handle the 
Clipper only. H. D. Spore & Co. have taken the agency for the Cleveland. 
Notwithstanding the fact that several of the purchasers of light wheels 
have come to grief with "sprung frames," the demand for lightweights 
still holds up. The tire question is also coming in for its share of the dis- 
cussion, the clincher pattern tires being the most popular. The question 
of side slipping, is very disagreeable on account of the unevenness 
of some of the paved streets. Of the tires used the corrugated surface 
of the G. & J. seems to have the best effect in this respect. The valves of 
pneumatic tires are also examined very carefully in view of the fact that 
considerable trouble was had in this direction last year. Quite a radical 
departure from the old style of drop handles may also be noted on the new 
wheels being ridden, raised handles being used on all new wheels ordered. 
The "monkey" position is now done away with almost entirely. The 
adopting of cycling by business men is also a notable feature of '93. 



A Medium Priced Bell. 



The Bevan Bros. Mfg. Co., 
East Hampton, Conn., are mak- 
ing a new double stroke bell, 
which is taking well with the 
trade. It is designed to fill a 
want for a substantial, neat and 
durable medium priced bell. 
Its construction is simple and 
in appearance it is as handsome 
as a high grade gong. The price 
is $16 a dozen. 



The New South, made by 
J. E. Geigan, of Baltimore, has 
forty spokes in the rear wheel 
and thirty-six in the front. 




A Number of New Firms Springing up — Time Payment Plan Will be 

Popular. 

New York, March 13. — It is evident that the tradesmen in and around 
New York anticipate a big year, if the number of new firms that are 
springing up and the preparations being made by the old established 
houses is to be taken as a criterion. 

The Remington Arms Company, of 315 Broadway, are showing three 
patterns of wheels for this season — a ladies' wheel weighing 42 pounds, 
a roadster tipping the scales at 44 pounds and a light roadster which 
weighs only 32 pounds. The Remington people will fit either the Bid well, 
Whippet or Morgan & Wright tires to their wheels, as the purchaser may 
desire. 

One thing is assured in this section and that is the fact that all the 
bicycle houses will make a specialty of selling upon the ins;allment system. 
Last ye.ir a few houses undertook this system and it evidently proved suc- 
cessful for it will be widely followed this year. A firm which sells bicycles 
upon the time plan is the Campbell Mfg. Co., of 21 and 23 Centre street. 
This house is located in the business center of the city and receives a big 
share of patronage. 

Since Alexander Schwalbach became manager for Wilson, Myers & 
Co., the Liberty people, he has been adopting some of the plans of his 
brother, Charles Schwalbach, of Brooklyn. He has secured a riding 
academy close to the park and inaugurated a system of free lessons. 

Von Lengerke & Detmold, of 8 Murray street, have evidently come to 
the conclusion that it is to their advantage to push an American wheel, so 
they will handle the Warwick this season. They are selling off their stock 
of Peregrine wheels at cost. 

HOW A PNEUMATIC TIRE IS MADE. 



The process of making a pneumatic tire is interesting and a visit to 
any of the large rubber factories will repay the seeker after knowledge. 
An Indianapolis Journal reporter recently visited the works of the Indian- 
apolis Rubber Co., and described what he saw as follows: 

The finest quality of rubber, which retails at $2 per pound, is made 
from the sap of the para tree, which grows abundantly in the Congo river 
regions of southern Africa. The sap of a tree ordinarily yields about 
twelve and one-half pounds of para or rubber in its crude state. A cheaper 
grade of rubber is made from caoutchouc, the sap from a tree of the same 
name growing in the West Indies and South America. A third and very 
cheap quality of rubber is produced from the sap of a vine much resembling 
the common ivy, and, like it, a dinger growing in the forests of southern 
Africa. It is from this that all the cheaper grade of rubber goods, such as 
overshoes, etc., are made. It comes from the forests in small black chunks, 
ranging in size from that of a pigeon to that of a hen egg. It is tough and 
elastic, and about the consistency of putty. In its manufacture it is mixed 
with Spanish whiting, lime, zinc or rags, according to the quality of 
rubber which it is desired to produce. It is from this quality of rubber 
that the cheaper bicycle pedals, handles and other minor parts are made. 
It produces a hard, coarse quality of goods which it does not take the eye 
of an expert to detect when placed beside the better quality of wares made 
from the para or caoutchouc. The para, when it is received at the factory, 
looks very much like one had taken huge rolls of sole leather and cut 
them into chunks about one foot in diameter. These chunks average 
about fifty pounds in weight. The first step in its manufacture is to steam 
it for about thirty minutes. After the steaming process it is run between 
two large corrugated rollers for about fifteen minutes, by which all the 
smoke, alum-water and other extraneous matters with which it is impreg- 
nated are removed. It is then taken to the dry-room, which is kept at 
about 140 degress Fahrenheit, and here it remains for a period of about 
six weeks until it is thoroughly dry. When it comes from the washer into 
the dry-room it is in strips about two feet wide and varying in length 
according to the size of the original chunk of para. It is of a light buff 
color and very rough, porous texture. After about three weeks in the dry- 
room it turns to a dark red or reddish brown, and by the time it is ready 
to be taken from the room its color has again changed to a dull, deep 
bluish gray. At this stage it is pressed between two large, smooth rollers 
until all the roughness is removed. It comes from these rollers a glossy 
blue-black and is very tough and elastic, beginning at this stage to take 
on the qualities of rubber. Then it goes through another pair of smooth 
rollers, where it is mixed with certain chemicals which differ in the differ- 
ent grades of rubber. 

From this last pair of rollers it is passed through a large triple-roller 
calender, and comes out in sheets about a yard wide and about fifty feet in 
length; its thickness varies, and it can be brought out no thicker than the 
thinnest tissue paper. These sheets are spread upon zinc-covered tables 
and cut with a knife, made specially for the purpose, any desired size. In 
the manufacture of the pneumatic tires, which is the principal output of 
the establishment, the sheets are cut into strips four inches wide and from 
eight to ten feet in length. One edge is then wet with naphtha, and it is 
wrapped upon a hollow steel bar, covered with soapstone to prevent 
adhesion. When the naphtha dries the two edges are so tightly fastened 
that the rubber will give way at some other point before the jointure is 
ruptured. The outer surface is then coated with soapstone and wrapped 
with wet muslin. Over this is put a canvas coat to prevent blistering in 
the vulcanizer to which the tire next goes, and if it is of the finer quality 
it remains in the vulcanizer about one hour, under a pressure of about forty 
pounds of steam to the square inch. It is then inserted into the outer tire, 
which is made by pressing through the calender a sheet of rubber and a 
sheet of muslm or silk, according to the quality of the tire, and cementing 
in the same way as the inner tire. When the inner is inserted into the 
outer tire, the two are placed in a mold, and then placed in a press and 
subjected to a pressure of fifteen hundred pounds from a hydraulic ram. 
The inner tire is then taken out, and finished by girls by a secret process, 
and the outer tire is colored as desired. When the inner tire has been 
finished, it is again inserted into the outer, and then inflated and the outer 
tire laced over it, and the tire is complete. 



THE BEARINGS. 



THE "Courier" High Grade Roadster 



WITHIN THE REACH 
OF ALL. 




The "COURIER," a Medium Price, High Grade Roadster Bicycle 



No one need be without a bicycle, we have them for everyone. Our catalogue gives full description. Write for one. 

Hibbard, Soencer. Bartlett & Co., Chica&:o. 



MENTION THE BEARINGS 



PERMANENT 



SUCCESS 



FUDGE CYCLES 



For 21 years Rudge Cycles have 
been on the market in one form or 
another, and have given such uni- 
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that their name and fame is known 
all over the world. 

Their success has been a perma- 
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give an honest equivalent to their 
riders, Stand Up Well, Wear Well, 
and Give Satisfaction. 




RUDGE CYCLES re now 

being manufactured in the Rudge 
American Branch factor}', Peoria, 
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terms. Good territory open for 
live agents. 



ROUSE, HAZARD & CO. 



EXCLUSIVE MANUFACTURERS 

AND IMPORTERS FOR ENTIRE U. S. 



142 G St., PEORIA. 



F. L. DOUGLAS CYCLE CO., 284-286 Wabash Ave., Chicago Agents. 



MENTION THE BEARINGS 



THE BEARINGS. 



DURYEA'S ANSWER. 



The Well Known Inventor Helping Mr. Palmer Find the Ferfect Tire. 



The following article from Mr. Duryea, on the tire question, was sub- 
mitted to Mr. Palmer, who opened the discussion, with a view of publish- 
ing the article and Mr. Palmer's reply simultaneously and so closing the 
matter, if possible. General interest is likely to wane if the discussion is 
extended further. — Ed. 

Editor The Bearings: — Permit a word in reply to Mr. Palmer's 
letter in your late issue. I thank him for being unwilling to accuse me of 
misconstruing his statement willfully and assure him that I was and am 
yet ignorant of his meaning when he says that he places his threads at "a 
tangent," etc. [They are laid diagonally. — Ed.] But this is not to the 
point nor does it interest anyone. Neither is it likely that we can agree on 
fabrics, but we should be able to agree as to the requirements of the 
correct tire. I quote from him: "Air should be harnessed so as to least 
affect its perfect resiliency." 

Very good. In other words we want from the harnessed air the 
greatest possible life, the quickest recoil. To get this the tire material 
must be flexible so as to yield easily. This flexibility I understood him to 
mean when he said "softness." He certainly did not mean air pressure, 
for that varies according to the whims of the man at the pump. If he 
meant flexibility, then certainly that tire having the greatest flexibility 
will be best, for it least interferes with the free action of the air. If this is 
true, no "control" of the matter is possible, for the tire that is most flex- 
ible is best and that is the end of it. 

He objects to high pressures and advocates a "reasonable pressure," 
but he fails to say wherein twenty-five pounds pressure is any more "rea- 
sonable" than thirty pounds. The less assistance the fabric renders to the 
air, the greater the air pressure required to carry any given load and the 
greater the air pressure the quicker the recoil, therefore the fabric which 
needs the greatest air pressure makes the fastest tire. 

I can tell him why tangent spokes are used but it would not look well 
in public and is foreign to the discussion auyhow, but it is not because of 
the loss of power, for on wheels as small as those used on safeties it does 
not count; and even if it did, the spring would be at the hub and be multi- 
plied by its distance from the rim, whereas the tire is at the rim. I 
answered this "loss" objection in my former letter. If any doubt the 
correctness let them test for themselves. 

Now for his query as to "strength, durability, side roll and lightness." 
Strength is largely a matter of arrangement. A board on edge will sup- 
port a load that would break it instantly if laid flat, so threads encircling 
the tube are in the best position to receive strain, and this being the case 
fabric receiving a certain strain may be made lighter by so placing the 
threads than if they are placed otherwise. Nor is thick rubber necessary 
to the construction of the shoe of the tire, as Mr. P. seems to think. 
Enough to protect the fabric serves every purpose. Durability is a matter 
of rot and wear out. If vulcanized in rubber, fabric rots more or less rap- 
idly; if not vulcanized its fibres wear on each other with each movement. 
The best fabric I have found has its threads lying parallel and knotted 
together at intervals. Being parallel, they may be depressed anywhere 
without affecting their neighbors and, being positively knotted where they 
touch, they cannot slip nor wear on each other. 

Side roll is a matter of proper fastening and a tire having encircling 
threads only will not grip the rim by inflation and so in "soft" tires with 
such threads Mr. P. has probably had much trouble from side roll. To 
remedy this he has detracted from the value of his fabric by placing it in a 
less advantageous position. Any tire which holds itself in place by the 
longitudinal tension of the threads in its tread must lack resiliency. 
"No man can serve two masters," nor can a thread serve two purposes at 
one and the same time and serve both in the best manner. 

To sum up the requirements of the perfect tire, they are as follows: 

Air should be harnessed so as to be least hampered. 

Air at high pressure acts most lively. 

The most flexible fabric hampers the air least. 

Threads should be parallel, encircling the tube and positively united 
where they touch each other. 

Fastening should be broad, positive, not dependent on the longitudinal 
tension of the tread, and easily detachable. Chari^ES E. Duryea. 

MR. PALMER'S CLOSING REMARKS. 

Editor The Bearings: — In your issue of the 3d inst. appears another 
article by Practical Mechanic and in this issue one from the pen of Mr. 
Duryea— both in reply to my last article on the tire question. There seems 
to be little in either of them, adding to what had been said before, nor can 
I say anything further in support of my position except, perhaps, to make 
more plain the meaning of what I have previously written. 

When one has a subject thoroughly in mind, all points clearly under- 
stood, with their bearings on each other it would not be strange if, in the 
effort to condense, I had failed to make clear to others all that is perfectly 
clear to me, and I am read/ to admit that possibly I may have fallen into 
errors in interpreting the articles of the afore-mentioned gentlemen. We 
appear to have been arguing something in a circle and on careful consider- 
ation of all that has heen said by Mr. Duryea and the Practical Mechanic 
we do not seem to be far from an agreement, as to the qualities necessary 
in a perfect pneumatic tire. The Practical Mechanic says that I do not 
admit that a perfect tire should not lift the load. I do admit this when 
the admission is qualified, as he himself qualifies it in the next few lines, 
viz.: other things being equal, namely, power, transmission, etc. These' 
he admits further on in his article, are essential, though of minor import- 
ance. As these qualities are essential to perfection, we agree then that the 
perfect tire should have the 

Maximum Amount of Receptiveness 
consistent with proper provision for power, transmission, strength, dura- 



bility, resiliency and the avoidance of side roll and punctures. Mr. Duryea 
quotes me as follows: "Air should be harnessed so as to least affect its 
perfect resiliency," but he omits the balance of the sentence, which was 
as follows: "and at the same time maintain that rigid connection between 
the rim of the wheel and the surface over which it travels, without whi^h 
power cannot be transmitted without loss and the highest working effici- 
ency attained." I infer that he does not deny that the highest working 
efficiency is a good thing to have. He simply questions my methods of 
accomplishing that object. 

I agree with him that the natural resiliency of the air is utilized to 
the fullest extent by enclosing it in an envelope, so constructed that 
internal pressure will not affect its perfect flexibility, and that there sb-iU 
be as little of this envelope as is consistent with the use to which the tire 
is to be subjected. I have not referred to this quality of flexibility where 
I have used the word "softness," in former articles. I meant ease of 
depression under a given internal pressure. The form of tire advocated 
by Mr. Duryea and the Practical Mechanic furnished an example of the 
extreme of softness attainable, the other extreme being represented by 
that construction in which there is a set of 

Threads Running Lengthwise of the Tire 
or concentric to the rim. Each construction will be resilient if the fabric 
used possesses the quality of equal flexibility under pressure, but while in 
one the force used in indenting the tire is resisted only by the air 
immediately under it, or, in other words, if a square inch of surface is 
depressed there will be little in excess of a square inch of resistance to the 
indentation. On the other hand, by reason of the longitudinal threads, 
depression at any one point will be felt around the entire circumference of 
the tire and resistance consequently multiplied. This latter construction 
will carry a given weight at less pressure per square inch than the first, 
that is, it will carry one hundred and eighty pounds over a stone that 
depresses but a square inch of surface without injury to the tube at a less 
pressure than the first. I trust now I have made my meaning clear in this 
regard and I do not think Mr. Duryea or the Practical Mechanic will 
question the accuracy of the illustrations, and I hope also to have paved 
the way to an equally accurate understanding of the construction I advo- 
cate. 

I Have Used the Word "Tangent" 
in describing this, not doubting that my meaning would be perfectly 
clear, but as an educated mind like Mr. Duryea's fails to grasp my mean- 
ing, I must fain believe that less mechanical minds are equally in the 
dark and beg the privilege of explaining. A tangential line is a line 
drawn from the periphery of a circle at right angles to any radial line and 
if Mr. Duryea will take the trouble to draw about twenty tangential lines 
to the inch through a drawing of a tire, first in one direction and then in 
the other, he will get a perfectly accurate idea of the disposition of the 
threads in my tire. I have said, however, that some concession might be 
made to easy riding or softness without material injury to power transmis- 
sion and that, after making proper provision for all the essentials hereto- 
fore enumerated, the tire will be found sufiiciently soft. 

What he says about flexibility is perfectly true. That is exactly the 
kind of fabric we are talking about and I venture the assertion that no 
fabric can be made of equal thickness of greater flexibility than that which 
I use. Regarding pressures, I think he will understand now the meaning 
of "crossing at the tread and diverging widely at the rim, that small 
objects may be received fully into the tire but a deeper indentation will 
bring into play a longer section of the contained air. " Regarding strength 

His Illustration of a Board on Edge 
is hardly applicable to threads. A better illustration would be to wrap a 
strong linen thread about his fingers and pull on it. Then take the same 
thread and cross it so that one will pull against the other, and pull on that. 
He will find he can break a thread by the latter means with the utmost 
ease, and that he cannot break it by wrapping it about his fingers, the 
difference being that in the first place the thread is cushioned by his flesh 
against any cutting action, while in the latter instance it simply cuts itself 
in two. This I think demonstrates conclusively the difference between the 
breaking strength of a thread cushioned, as mine is, and threads in con- 
tact, or in any position where they may exert the cutting action, a con- 
dition you will find in any woven fabric. By reason of cushioning each 
thread, lightness is easily had and durability assured. 

Regarding Side Roll, 
it is not a matter of fastening solely but a matter of method of making and 
material used in the fabric; a fact which I can readily demonstrate with a 
tire, but on paper not without considerable chance of misapprehension of 
my meaning. 

A word further in regard to resiliency and the Practical Mechanic's 
true test of a perfect tire. I still deny the truth of his test and again assert 
that the tire which receives most fully and easily is weakest in recoil. He 
says if this be true its converse should be also true, that is, that a tire 
which does not receive at all should bounce to perfection. Not at all. If 
he will take a glass marble and drop it on a stone pavement, or drive two 
ivory balls together, he will see a better 'example of resiliency than will 
ever be found in a pneumatic tire, yet I hardly think he will accuse glass 
or ivory of receptiveness. 

I agree perfectly with his statement that a tire least hampered by 
rubber and fabric will receive and reject better than one made of thicker 
or less flexible material, but that does not mean that the recoil will be any 
greater than the force used in depressing it. 

Regarding His Bouncing Tests 
and test for receptiveness, while they have a value in their way they are 
not conclusive evidence of superior excellence, as I have made tires with 
the maximum receptive quality that failed as to other essentials on practi- 
cal test and I have seen many tires, that I consider poor for several reasons 
that would bounce very satisfactorily. The only all-around test for a tire 
is to ride it over all sorts of surfaces and grades and note its behavior in 
comparison with other tires. For a quick test a rirle up a stiff hill will 
give one a good idea as to whether power transmission is properly provided 
for; and a coast down will give an equally good idea of its receptiveness 
and resiliency. J. F. PAt,MER. 



THE BEARINGS. 



AS YOU LIKE IT. 

Danville (111.) has a woman cycle dealer. 

Pneumatic tired sulkies have just come into use in France. 

There are 31 cycle agents in Copenhagen, Denmark, this year. 

W. W. Taxis will soon represent the Bretz & Curtis Mfg. Co. in Pennsyl- 
vania. 

The American cycle trade is said to be "growing a beard," says 
British Sport. 

A bicycle rifle is made by the J. Stevens Arms and Tool Co., Chico- 
pee Falls, Mass. 

The Kenwood agency in New York has been placed with Cornwall & 
Smock, 281-283 Broadway. 

W. S. Maltby will take charge of the Ormonde riding school, and will 
appear at a big opening, March 22. 

E. J. Hueffner, winner of last year's Waukesha road race, is traveling 
on the road for the Racine Bicycle Co. 

Mr. Ledger, of Columbus, la., demands that the price of bicycles be 
lowered so as to allow everybody to ride. 

The French cycle manufacturers, Clement & Co., have placed an 
order for 15,000 tires with the Dunlop Company. 

The Hamilton Stores have moved from their old quarters, 279 Lenox 
avenue, to 49 and 51 west 125th street. New York. 

Loyd, Read & Co., Coventry, England, makers of the Overstone, have 
issued a neat catalogue. Admirers of English wheels should send for one. 

Toledo boasts of an old gentleman who has never been on a wheel, who 
has invented a bicycle "capable of attaining the velocity of thirty miles an 
hour." 

Louis Masi, who was well known in Chicago, is now at the head of 
the sales department of Clement's large cycling establishment in Paris. 
France. 

The Batavia (N. Y.) Pedal Co. has succeeded to the business of the 
Hammond & Cooley Mfg. Co. A dust proof pedal is manufactured by this 
concern. 

The Standard Varnish Co. are building one of the largest varnish fac- 
tories in the world at Elm Park, Staten Island. It will cover seven acres 
of ground. 

One dealer in Savannah, Ga., and another at Atlanta are making 
wheels on a small scale. They are the first ones to attempt cycle building 
in Georgia. 



J. E. Poorman, Cincinnati, booms his '93 road race on the cover of 
his catalogue. Mr. Poorman handles the Warwick, Sterling, Raleigh, 
Cleveland, Smalley, Union, Falcon and a line of cheap wheels. 

The American Bicycle Co., Springfield, Mass., will remove to Grand 
Rapids, Mich., where they will handle the Columbia and other high grade 
wheels. Mr. A. H. Chapin, of this company, is one of the oldest repairers 
in the country. 

Clinton Sawyer, of Savannah, Ga., is building an experimental bicycle 
to be run by a naphtha engine of one-half horse power. The engine will 
weigh six or seven pounds, and a pint of naphtha will, it is said, run a 
bicycle steadily for ten hours. 

The Peoria Cycle Works have opened a fully equipped repair shop at 
Peoria, 111., and announce that they are prepared to do difficult repairing. 
They also build wheels to order. Mr. W. O. Wood, late foreman of Kirk- 
wood, Miller & Co., and now manager of this concern, is an experienced 
repairer, having had years of experience. They expect to do a large busi- 
ness this year. 

REPAIRERS' DIRECTORY. 

Chicagro — Charles F. Stokes Mnfg. Co., 59-2 West Madison streets— 293 and 294 Wabash 
avenue. Taylor Cycle Co , 270-272 Wabash avenue. Hoyle, 5 and 7 East Madison 
street. Montgomery Ward & Co., 285 Wabash avenue Louis Jordan, 71-73 Randolph 
street. Pope Mfg. Co , 291 Wabash avenue. A. G. Spalding & Bros., 108 Madison street. 
The Chas. H. Stephens Cycle Co., J 005 Ogden Avenue. Marble Cycle Mfg. Co., 271 
Wabash Ave. Gorniully & Jelfery Mfg. Co., 85 Madison street. 

Indianapolis Ind. — Hay & Willits. 

Grand haplds, Mich. — Grand Rapids Cycle Company. 

>Iilwaukee. Wis — The Sercombe - Bolte Mfg. Co., 355-357 East Water street. Julius 
Andrae Cycle Works, 2250 west Water street. 

Newark, N. J. — Howard A. Smith & Co 

New York Clt.y — Geo. R. Bidwell Cycle Co., 306-310 ,59th street. A. G.Spalding & Bros. 

Peoria. 111.— Luthy & Co. Rouse, Hazard & Co., U2 G street. Kingman & Co,, 910 
south Washington street. Peoria Cycle Work-i, 00 -i Main Street. 

Philadelphia, Pa — Kirk Brown Co., Ltd. Penn Square. Luburg Manfg. Co., 321-323-325 
North Eighth St. 

St. liouis. — Laing Cycle Co., 1724 Olive street. 

Plymouth, Ind — Marble Cycle Mfg. Co 

Providenee, R. I — W. G. Rankin & Co., SI Custom House street- 
Cleveland, O — Mcintosh-Huntington Co., 110-118 Superior Street. 

Columbus, O.— Evans Bicycle Co , 19 Spring street. 

If advertisers in THE BE.4.RINGS who operate repair shops will advise this paper 

of that fact, their address will be placed in the Repairers' Directory. 



Where Are Those Premiers? 
The Premier Cycle Co. are greatly interested in the probable fate of 
the White Star freight steamship Naronic, which left Liverpool, February 
II, with a cousigament of helical tube Premiers, valued at $12,000. The 
vessel is nearly a month over due. Absolutely nothing has been heard 
from her since she left England. Fortunately the Premier Cycle Co. are 
insured, and their large weekly arrivals have prevented any inconvenience 
resulting from the non-delivery of this lot. 



I 



A^ 



^ BUYONE0FTHE^> 




AMES £ FROST 

r., COMPANY. j-V 



MENTION THE BEARINGS 



THE BEARINGS. 



AND STILL THEY COME. 



Twelve new advertisements and 
in The Bearings this week. The 

Pope Mfg. Co 1 page. 

Hill Cycle Mfg. Co 1 " 

Union Cycle Mfg. Co 1 " 

Stokes Mfg. Co 1 " 

H. A. Lozier & Co 1 " 

Geo. R. Bidwell Cycle Co 1 " 

Overman Wheel Co 1 " 

Gorinully & Jeffery Mfg. Co 1 " 

Rou.se, Hazard & Co 1-2 " 

Central Cycle Mfg. Co 1-2 " 

Michigan Wheel Co 1-2 " 

Hackney Bicycle Co 1-2" 

Ames & Frost Co. 1-2 " 

Ken wood Mfg. Co 1-2 " 

A- Featherstone & Co 1-2 " 

A. G. Spalding & Bros 1-2 " 

American Dunlop Tire Co - 1-2" 

Wilson, Myers & Co 1-2 " 



tweaty-three changes are to 
list: 

H.C.Martin &Co . 

Morgan & Wright 

E. C. Stearns & Co 

J. P. Lovcll Arms Co 

Horace Bell, agent 

Illinois Cycle Works 

Proper Guards Co 

Rich & Sager Co 

TilliDghast Pneumatic Tire Co. .. 

Thorsen & Cassady Co 

Woodroiigh A Hanchett 

Eureka Lubricating Co 

Detroit White Lead Works 

Diamond Alachine Co 

C. H Sieg Mfg. Co 

Standard Supply Co 

C. W. Munson 



be seen 



1-2 page. 

1-2 " 

1-2 " 

1-2 " 

1-2 " 

1-2 " 

1-i " 

1-4 •' 

1-4 " 

1^ .. 

1-4 " 

1-8 ■' 

1-8 " 
3 inches 

a " 



Rankin's Toe Clips. 

Every reader of a cycle paper 
has become familiar with the "ad" 
of W. G. Rankin & Co., Providence, 
R. I. It stares at one from unex- 
pected places, and when a toe clip 
is mentioned Mr. Rankin's patent 
is at once brought to mind. These 
wire clips have been on the 
market for some time and are 
being sold in large quantities this 
year. Mr. Rankin claims that 
they prevent many falls and 
makes riding without hands much 
easier if his patent is used. Price, 
fifty cents per pair. 

Good for Punctured Tires. 
George P. Fisher, Bucyrus, O., has invented a bicycle wheel which is 
described in the following manner by the Scientific American: This im- 
provement is especially designed for a bicycle wheel, the wheels having a 
rim cushion composed of a series of hollow balls on which is fitted a tube 
with an internal circumferential groove or channel. If the tube be punc- 
tured in use, the balls will carry the rider on and prevent the collapse of 
the tire, or if one or more balls should be punctured or broken, the tube 
will sustain the rider. 




A Remarkable Industry. 
A Bearings man recently walked through the factory of the Holmes 

Company, in Boston. The 
knitted goods made by this 
company attained national 
fame years ago and it was 
interesting to witness their 
manufacture. The work is 
done by women, each of whom 
handily manages several 
machines. 

The accompanying por- 
trait is that of Mr. T. Gerry, 
an exceeding'y lively and com- 
panionable fellow who has 
been with this company eleven 
years. H^^ is now in the West 
exhibiting, among other goods, 
the new No. 8ii knitted 
bloomers, with patent seat 
and heavy rib. The Gorinully 
& Jeffery Mfg. Co. and per- 
haps others will handle them 
in Chicago. 

Mr. Holmes, an elderly 
T. GERRY. gentleman whose friends love 

him for his modesty, has been 
in the knitting business nearly all his life. He entered the cycling trade 
seven years ago and that branch of his business has grown wonderfully 
since. "The factory capacity this year," said Mr. Gerry, on Monday, "will 
be double that of last .sei. son. A stock company was formed a year ago 
last February and the capital was largely increased. The growth of the 
business reminds me forcibly of yeare ago, when I used to travel about 
the whole country taking orders from individuals and measuring them for 
our knitted suits. Times have changed." A late report shows that the 
Holmes factory narrowly escaped the big Boston fire. 




A Marvelous Machine. 

Youth — Are these bicycles good for speeding ? 

Dealer — Speed? Well, I should say so. I sold one of the.se to a police- 
man in a New Jersey town, and one night, when the roads were good, he 
jumped on, and went clear to the end of his beat and back before morn- 
ing- 



The Pneumatic-Tired Omnibus. 
Concerning the pneumatic-tired omnibus, recently mentioned, Scientific 
American says: "The latest adaptation of pneumatic tires is to the wheels of 
an omnibus which is being tried by the Glasgow Tramway Company at 
Glasgow, Scotland. The tires are about 3;, inches diameter, and can with- 
stand a pressure of 187 pounds to the square inch. To guard against any 
risk of the India rubber being punctured by sharp stones or otherwise, the 
tires are thoroughly protected by several plies of canvas, with a covering 
of wire-wove netting. The omnibus is said to be a very coinfortable 
vehicle to ride in. The inside seats are mounted on springs, which adds 
to the comfort. There is an electric lamp fixed in the roof, supplied by a 
box underneath one of the seats containing a sufficient storage of electric- 
ity for 24 hours. Twelve passengers can be carried inside and 14 outside." 




PSYCHOS 



FITTED WITH STARLEY'S 




PSYCHO ROAD RACER. 

Weight, 36 1-3 L,b8. Price, !S150.00. 



LADIES' PSYCHO. 

Weight, 30 1-3 Lbs. Price, S150.00. 



WEB JOINT FRAME 

Are SELLING because they are the LIGHTEST and STRONGEST ROAD SAFETIES 
and are made by manufacturers of experience. 

KJex: iSaf etios are selling because they list at $135.00, are worth $150.00, 
and we quote dealers LIVING PRICES. 

We sell Psychos and Rex East as well as West. Catalogue and terms to dealers; 
send postal. We handle Tourist, Liberty and Western Wheel Works safeties west 
of Pennsylvania. Our catalogue is worth the asking. 




REX LIGHT ROADSTER. 

Weight, 3G Lbs. Price, 1S135.00. 



Taylor Cycle Co 

CHICAGO. 



LARGEST STORE IN CYCLE ROW. 

MENTION THE BEARINGS 




LIBERTY ROAD SCORCHER. 

Weight, 39 Lbs. Price, $150.00. 

« 



THE BEARINGS. 




TWO GO OD S ELLERS. 

It is not hard to sell a good wheel, especially one that has a reputa- 
tion to back its fine qualities. 
The Warwick is of this char- 
acter, and the Thorsen & 
Cassady Co., who are Chicago 
agents for these machines, 
find that they "sell like hot 
cakes." Kennedy-Child's fa- 
vorite saying that War wicks 
are "built on honor" has at- 
tracted about as much atten- 
tention as the wheel itself. The 
Model A is a thoroughbred and 
one that catches the scorcher's 
eye. Built on graceful lines and highly finished, it is a bicycle that would 
be favorably received any- 
where. It weighs 34 pounds, 
all on, but when stripped tips 
the scales at just twenty-nine, 
It sells for $150. The 31 
pound Model B is suitable for 
the rider whose stature is not 
suitable for a higher-built bi- 
cycle. The demand for light 
ladies' wheels has been met 
by the Warwick Company 
and their 34-pound beauty is 
one of the handsomest ma- 
chines yet turned out for the 
gentler sex. With plenty of room between the handle bars and seat, and 
proper dress guards, it fills the requirements of a woman's cycle. It is 
geared to 52 or 57 inches and sells for $150. 




Devore's Bicycle Stand. 




Li. M. Devore, of the Freeport Bi- 
cycle Mfe. Co., sent in the accompany- 
ing cut of his new bicycle stand, which 
was recently described in these columns. 
A sample which he exhibited in this 
ofiice seemed to be very effective. All 
that is necessary is to run the wheel 
under the elevated roll. 



The War of the Pedals. 
English manufacturers are complain- 
ing of the poor quality of pedals being 
turned out. There has been such fierce 
competition among the pedal makers 
that quality has been almost entirely 
neglected in the struggle to get business. 
Many prominent cycle builders now 
make their own pedals because they 
cannot buy any good enough for their 
high grade machines. 



Ralph Temple recently returned 
from a trip throughout the eastern and middle states in the interests of 
the Temple Scorcher and Royal Limited. Among other large sales, he 
reports having .sold 300 m.-achines to Jacob Lew & Sons, hardware jobbers, 
of Atchison, Kas., and 200 machines to the Standard Wagon Co., Omaha. 

Built By a Chicagoan. 

F. P. McHatdy, of 3223 Indiana avenue, Chicago, is the inventor of a 
spring frame safety, which, he says, will be an assured success as a road 
machine. In describing his machine he says: 

" Referring to the cut you will observe a leaf spring extending from 
the steering head to above the rear wheel, where it is fastened to supports 




that extend upwards'on each side'of^ the wheel. Fastened to the reach, 
immediately in front of the axle and extending in a U line to the sprocket 
axle box, are two springs. These permit a perpendicular motion and pre- 
vent ^awjC side motion. Two rods fasten the leaf spring and sprocket box 



securely. The main points of difference between this and all other spring 
frame machines is that the two wheels are held rigidly fixed. No matter 
how uneven the roid, they do not spring apart nor come together. The 
last motion, so common to this class of wheels, is not found in this one. 
There are no joints in the frame to loosen and rattle. The motion of the 
spring is perfect and is limited by the weight of the leaf and by using a 
lighter or heavier leaf, according to the weight of the rider." 

Bicycle Spokes. 
The Wire Goods Co., Worcester, Mass., make a specialty of bicycle 



«£ a: 



^ f n 



fi> ^ 



^ 



I I 



I 



ff\ 



I 



spokes. They furnish them in any size or finish. The cut shows the 
variety of spokes (one half the actual size) carried by this com/) any. 

WINTER TOURIST TICKETS. 
Reduced Rates South via the Illinois Central. 
The Central Route now has on sale Winter Excursion tickets to points 
South, and, via New Orleans, to the Mexican Gulf Coast Resorts, to Mex- 
ico and to the Pacific Coast; also to Hot Springs, Ark., and to points South 
west, Mexico and the Pacific Coast via St. Louis or Cairo In this connec- 
tion, "Loop Excursion" tickets may be had under proper conditions, 
enabling one to make the trip over the Illinois Central road to New Or- 
leans, going via Jackson, Tenn., and Jackson, Miss., and returning 
in connection with the Yazoo & Mississippi Valley, and the Newport News 
& Mississippi Valley roads, through Baton Rouge, La., Vicksburg, Miss., 
and Memphis, Tenn., or vice versa. Tickets and further information can 
be had of your local ticket agent, or by addressing F. B. Bowes, Gen'l Nor. 
Pass. Agt., I9d Clark St. A. H. Hanson, G. P. A. 111. Central R. R., Chi- 
cago, 111. 

J. Elmer Pratt, the well known G. & J. traveler, writes: "It is my 
intention to furnish elegant bachelor apartments in Chicago during the 
World's Fair, after which I move to Grand Rapids, where I hope to locate 
permanently." As Mr. Pratt is a photograph crank, the wall of his 
bachelor (?) apartments will doubtless be very interestingly decorated with 
the portraits of many of his friends. 



CALIFORNIA. 



The fame of the climate of California draws to that charming state 
new friends every year, particularly from sections where long, severe 
winters, followed by trying spring seasons, work such disastrous results 
among the weak and debilitated. 

The great improvements in p ssenger train service, higher degrees of 
comfort in the cars, and shorter time required on the trip, combined with 
the cheapness of the excursion tickets now being sold to California and 
back by the Sante Fe Route, make the journey agreeable and, one can 
almost say, economical. The many delightful resorts now established in 
California afford every comfort and luxury desired by the fastidious, and 
present unique attractions. 

The Hotel del Coronado at San Diego, the Raymond at Pasadena, the 
Redondo at Redondo Beach and the hotels at Santa Barbara, Monterey, 
Riverside, Los Angeles and many other points, have grown as famous as- 
any on the Atlantic Coast — and a fact that should not be forgotten is that 
they are resorts all the year around, although the greatest number of people 
from the East are in California between the months of November and May. 

Write to John J. Byrne, Asst. Passenger Traffic Manager, 723 Monad- 
nock Block, Chicago, 111., if you are interested in California and we will 
send you some interesting reading. 



WHAT'S THE MATTER WITH A 

High Grade Bicycle for $105? 

WITH PNKUMAT'C TIKES 

THIS IS A PICTURE OF IT, AND ITS NAME IS 

Puritan, Model D. 

WE HAVE FIVE MOKE. 

It will pay you to j^et fijjures on the others. 

AGENTS BETTER HUSTLE FOR TERRITORY. *o YOUR 
COMPETITORS MAY GET IN AHEAD OF YOU- 

PURITAN CYCLE WKS. 






CHICAGO, MARCH 24, 1893. 



MR. POTTER MISREPRESENTED. 



Light Thrown Upon a Chicago Journal's Policy Against the Editor of "Good 
Roads" — The Official Organ Probably Behind the Massachu- 
setts Objectors — Mr. Potter's Vigorous Statement. 



New York, March 20. — It is thought here in the East that the Referee 
is pursuing a very poor policy in attempting to belittle the Good Roads 
bureau of the L. A. W. To a person who will read between the lines it 
will be evident that the Referee's eastern representative asked some very 
misleading questions. His motive in asking Publisher Sherwood if he 
printed 35,000 copies of the magazine is designed to convey the idea that 
the League is misrepresenting the circulation of its journal. No sensible 
person doubts for one moment that the assertion of the publishers that 
they did not print 35,000 copies of the magazine is untrue. Why ? For 
the simple reason that when Messrs. Rogers & Sherwood were publishing 
Good Roads the membership of the L. A. W. was only about 24,000, and it 
was not necessary to print more than that number of papers. Mr. Rogers 
himself, in the presence of a Bearings man, asserted last week, in dis- 
cussing the subject, that he knew his firm printed between 25,000 and 
30,000 copies of the magazine when they were handling it. The circulation 
point is a puerile one. The printers' receipts would readily show how 
many copies are turned out. 

There is no doubt that the Executive Committee made a serious 
omission when they failed to make a full and complete report of the 
bureau's workings at Philadelphia. An expert accountant has recently 
gone over the bureau's aflfairs, and his report shows that everything is 
satisfactory. There is no doubt that there have been expenditures in the 
initial year of the magazine that experience alone could have avoided. A 
year's experience in the newspaper business is a lesson to any person. 
Various constructions are placed upon the protest from Boston, and not a 
few persons incline to the belief that the ofiScial organ is back of the 
matter. 

Mr. Potter Talks Vigorously. 

New York, March 21. — In an interview with Isaac B. Potter, of Good 
Roads, today, the following statement was made : " Whether by intent or 
not the Referee's statement is untrue and unfair. Good Roads has never 
been sued since the bureau opened. I have no friends to reward and no 
grudges to satisfy. Every creditor receives his money in full and not a 
cent more. I paid Rogers & Sherwood over $2,200 for printing the first 
four numbers of Good Roads ; they claim a balance of $127. Referring to 
the charges made in violation of their written contract, I dispute this claim 
and have refused to pay it. A newspaper is not the proper tribunal for the 
settlement of small business differences, and I decline that method of 
arbitration. 

"The Referee seems to carry the idea that we have not printed enough 
magazines to supply League members, and cites the statement of Mr. 
Rogers that we did not print 35,000 copies of the first number of Good 
Roads, issued January i, 1892. The League membership on January i, 
1892, was 23,267. 

" I show you now Rogers & Sherwood's receipted bill for the January, 
1892, number [Here Mr. Potter produced a receipted bill], which shows 
that 30,000 was the edition of that month. I need scarcely say that we 
have been increasing our circulation every month since. I know that the 
printers in New York think that I am somewhat of a crank, and I intend 
to keep them thinking so to the end of the chapter. 

That Massachusetts Resolution. 

"Regarding the Massachusetts resolution, I believe it to be ill-timed, 
and that it does not reflect the judgment of the League membership at 
large. I understood the road improvement work of the League to be largely 
philanthropic, and that in taking it up the League undertook to do a good 
work and not to make money. I do not believe that any thoughtful, 
earnest League member regards this bureau from any other standpoint. 
However, Good Roads is here to stay. It is on a paying basis, and having 
struggled through the first year of its existence will go on successfully in 
the work it has taken up." 



THAT BAL TIMO RE STEW. 

The Maryland Club Charged With Having Secured a Race Meet Sanction 

Underhandedly — Club Representatives Visit Chairman Raymond, 

Who Will go to Baltimore. 



New York, March 20. — Baltimore cyclists have been making frequent 
trips to Gotham during the past week. It seems that the trouble existing 
between the Maryland Bicycle Club and the other clubs of Baltimore is 
assuming a serious aspect. The Maryland's opponents affirm that they 
have a grievance and they have asked Chairman Raymond, of the Racing 
Board, to assist them. When the idea of an international circuit was 
touched upon, Baltimore agreed that she should hold a tournament, but 
unfortunately the dozen clubs in the city all wanted the privilege of run- 
ning the tournament. Here was a set-back at the outset. Now the differ- 
ent clubs foresaw that a conflict was inevitable and sensibly concluded to 
form an association of clubs to run a tournament. 

Everything went along smoothly after the decision was reached until 
the evening of the meeting of the associated clubs, when the Maryland 
Club's delegate announced that his constituents would not affiliate with the 
association but had individually made application for a sanction to run a 
meet. 

This Annovmcement Caused War. 

The Maryland Club was roundly denounced and on Saturday five 
men, representing the associated clubs, awaited upon Mr. Raymond and 
presented their case. 

The following day (Sunday) the Maryland Club went the association 
one better by having s ven of their members wait upon the chairman of 
the Racing Board to assert their rights. 

After both conferences were at an end and the southerners had 
departed for home, the case was no nearer solution than at the start. It 
seems that the Maryland Club men are charged with having secured their 
sanction by underhanded means. This they deny and demand vindica- 
tion. 

To satisfactorily settle the diflSculty the chairman of the Board will 
have to go to Baltimore this week and bring the accused and accusers face 
to face. 

It is true that the Maryland Club filed their application for sanction 
first but if the charges of the associated clubs prove correct this fact will 
have no worth. The tradesmen of Baltimore have all signed a petition 
requesting that the meet be placed in the hands of the associated clubs, but 
this will have no significance in the settlement of the case. 

It is evident that an unfortunate war is on. Chairman Raymond 
hesitates to state how it will terminate, but surely this trouble can not 
prove of any benefit to a projected tournament. 

Baltimoreans Agitated About It. 

Baltimore, March 20. — The sea upon which the newly launched Asso- 
ciated Cycling Clubs find themselves is certainly a stormy one, with the 
powerful Maryland Club at the Association's throat, demanding its life. 
When the clubs of the city came together at the Baltimore club house to 
arrange the Association on the lines of similar organizations in Philadel- 
phia and other cities, the Maryland Club delegates demanded written au- 
thority from the other club delegates. This was refused them and they 
withdrew from the meeting. Now it is a clear fight for the date in the 
international championship meeting. The Associated Clubs, immediately 
they were formed, sent a delegation to Brooklyn to lay their cause before 
Chairman Raymond. Though they thought they were thus forestalling 
their big rival, it turned out that they in turn were forestalled, as the 
Maryland Club had sent a representation to Brooklyn a week before. 
Both the contending forces before Mr. Raymond received the same answer, 
and that was — no answer at all. Now everybody is in suspense to know 
how the racing cat will jump. 



Milwaukee Wants Only One Day of International Racing. 
Milwaukee, March 20. — Chairman Schroeder, of the local racing board, 
has written Chairman Raymond asking him to cancel the date of Monday, 
August 14, and give to Milwaukee Tuesday, August 15. One day of inter- 
national races is all the Cream City can care for. 



Sanger's Plans. 
Springfield, Mass., has been selected as the place for training by 
Sanger. He will leave Milwaukee with Sercombe and Trainer Culver on 
April 15, for the famous record-breaking track, where he will train for 
about three weeks. The party will leave Springfield for England the 
second week in May. It has been generally understood that Sanger and 
his friends would accompany the Zimmerman party across the Atlantic, 
but latest reports say that they will go alone. Sanger announces that his 
first race will be on June 10, at Heme Hill. Henry Andrae will accom- 
pany the party. He may compete in the championships. 



THE BEARINGS. 



MR. GEROULD INDIGNANT. 



Incensed at a Fake Report Concerning the Contract for the new Chicago 
Traak — Investors to be Reimbursed. 



A contemporary last week published a sensational article stating in 
effect that the new Chicago track would become the property of the 
Chicago Base Ball Club at the close of the World's Fair tournament, as the 
result of an error in the contract. This contract was made between the 
Ball Club, which owns the ground, and the League, represented by Messrs. 
Burdett, Raymond and GerouW. 

Mr. Gerould was quite indignant last Monday when he was told of the 
report. "I have not seen the article," said he, "but you can rest assured 
that no mistake was made. Yes, the Chicago Ball Club will have the track 
next year. The contract is explicit on that point. There was no error. 
No better arrangement could have been made. The Chicago Base Ball 
Club has agreed to keep the track in repair after it assumes control and 
wheelmen may have the use of it at any and all times by turning in to the 
Ball Club one-third of the gross receipts of tournaments. The base ball 
people allowed the cyclists to have the track not because they thought 
that there was a fortune to be made out of it, but because Mr. Spalding 
practically guaranteed them against loss, mainly through my solicitation." 

Mr. Gerould grew more and more indignant as he talked. He con- 
tinued: "I don't object to being criticized when criticism is deserved, but 
when I spend my time and money on this scheme I do it simply for the 
good of the sport. There is no ulterior motive on the part of the Chicago 
Base Ball Club, A. G. Spalding or F. W. Gerould. If the cycling press 
doesn't support us in this scheme who will? Why don't they print facts? 
No one saw me about this article. If they had I would have set them 
straight on the matter. I am always willing to give out any information 
required and the press or public can always obtain it by calling upon me." 

Will Be Reimbursed. 

"If this sensational story had anything like a foundation — if it were 
really thought by responsible people who are financially interested that 
the Ball Club has been playing a shrewd game and secured a good thing 
without cost to itself, I would say this: If the possession of that track by 
wheelmen is deemed important enough for them to organize a company 
with a capital of $50,000 — I believe that sum would be necessary — I will 
guarantee to secure the lease for them. The Ball Club would ask no ex- 
horbitant figure. In fact, I am sure it would leave the valuation of the 
property to arbitration. I do not think it would be possible to raise that 
$50,000, although some people who would have to be approached are 
cheerfully subscribing to the present fund. 

"Secure something for nothing, indeed ! Why, the writer of that arti- 
cle did not seem to consider the details of the matter at all. The fact is 
that the Ball Club will practically have to take care of the track, and it 
will furnish policemen, gate-keepers and other attendants. The Club 
will have no great fortune in sight when it assumes control of the track, 
after the League is through with it. At the time this negotiation came 
up, the Club's lease on the ground had only one year to run from about 
this time, but on account of my earnest solicitation in behalf of the wheel- 
men, the track scheme was adopted and the lease has been extended so 
that it will not expire until six years from now. The Ball Club thereby 
assumes a $30,000 responsibility. 

Let It Be Distinctly Understood 

that unless the cholera or some other great cause prevents, the people who are 
investing their money in this thing will receive back every cent they have 
put in, with interest at six per cent. They know this. The subscription 
blank so states. It will simply be a sixty or ninety-day loan. Suppose, 
by reason of the cholera or other cause, it should be necessary to stop 
operations. The expense would cease at once. The total loss under any 
circumstances could not be over $15,000, as that is the amount it is con- 
templated to invest in the track and its appurtenances." 

Messrs. Gerould and Garden visited some of the Chicago subscribers 
last week and were agreeably received. One manufacturer said to them: 
" I have put down $1,000. If you want another thousand come and see 
me." 

Mr. Gerould expects to have no trouble in securing enough brick dust 
for the track. He says that it will take about 100 car loads, which can be 
easily obtained. 

An Eastern Expert's Opinion. 

New York, March 20. — "Jim" Robinson, who is known to every Prince- 
ton man as a person whose knowledge of athletes and tracks is A i and 
who latterly has looked after the Manhattan A. C. athletes, informed me 
the other day that he has great doubts as to the wheelmen's ability to 
construct a really good track of burnt clay at Chicago. He says that from 
what he has learned of the proposed composition of the Chicago track he 
believes that it will not come up to expectations. A purely burnt clay sur- 
face will not do for cycle racing. He believes that the Heme Hill track 
is the best bicycle course in the world and the Manchester, England, track 
the best athletic field. While the definite plans of the international com- 
mittee relative to a track are unknown, it might not be amiss for them 
to consider the admonition of Trainer Robinson, who has had wide experi- 
ence on the subject, having visited every athletic track of prominence in 
Europe and having personally supervised the construction of the track at 
Manhattan Field. 



LEAGUE MEE T NEWS. 

Some Facts Concerning the Hotel Association With the Lengthitudinous 
Name — Wheelmen Can Safely Patronize It — Other Meet News. 



Ned Oliver a Papa. 
"Papa Oliver " reads oddly, doesn'